Patents by Inventor Haijing Liu

Haijing Liu has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Publication number: 20240063394
    Abstract: The present disclosure provides an electrode for use in an electrochemical cell that cycles lithium ions. The electrode has a thickness greater than or equal to about 50 micrometers to less than or equal to about 500 micrometers and includes an electroactive material, a polytetrafluoroethylene-based binder, and a porous crystalline material additive. For example, the electrode may include greater than or equal to about 0.01 wt. % to less than or equal to about 20 wt. % of the porous crystalline material additive, and greater than or equal to about 0.01 wt. % to less than or equal to about 20 wt. % of the polytetrafluoroethylene-based binder. The porous crystalline material additive is selected from the group consisting of: metal-organic frameworks (MOFs), covalent-organic frameworks (COFs), and combinations thereof.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 28, 2022
    Publication date: February 22, 2024
    Applicant: GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPERATIONS LLC
    Inventors: Yong LU, Si CHEN, Haijing LIU
  • Publication number: 20240055593
    Abstract: The present disclosure provides an electrochemical device that cycles lithium ions. The electrochemical device includes at least one first cell unit and at least one second cell unit. The at least one first cell unit includes a nickel-rich positive electroactive material. The nickel-rich positive electroactive material can be represented by: LiM1xM2yM3zM4(1-x-y-z)O2 where M1, M2, M3, and M4 are each a transition metal independently selected from the group consisting of: nickel, manganese, cobalt, aluminum, and combinations thereof, where 0?x?1, 0?y?1, and 0?z?1. The at least one second cell unit includes a phosphate-based positive electroactive material. The phosphate-based electroactive material can be selected from the group consisting of: lithium manganese iron phosphates (LiMnxFe1-xPO4, where 0?x?1) (LMFP), lithium vanadium oxygen phosphates (LixVOPO4, where 0?x?1), lithium vanadium phosphates, lithium vanadium fluorophosphates, and combinations thereof.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 3, 2022
    Publication date: February 15, 2024
    Applicant: GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPERATIONS LLC
    Inventors: Yong LU, Haijing LIU, Jingyuan LIU, Meiyuan WU, Dewen KONG
  • Publication number: 20240038998
    Abstract: A battery cell includes a plurality of cathodes and a plurality of anodes. A plurality of solid electrolyte layers are arranged between first adjacent ones of the plurality of cathodes and the plurality of anodes. A plurality of clad current collectors are arranged between second adjacent ones of the plurality of cathodes and the plurality of anodes. The plurality of clad current collector includes a first foil layer, a second foil layer and a thermal interface layer including adhesive and at least one material that increases thermal and electrical conductivity of the thermal interface layer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 16, 2022
    Publication date: February 1, 2024
    Inventors: Zhe LI, Dave G. RICH, Meiyuan WU, Jingyuan LIU, Haijing LIU
  • Publication number: 20240039032
    Abstract: A battery cell includes a plurality of electrodes including a plurality of anode electrodes and a plurality of cathode electrodes. The plurality of electrodes is arranged in one of a stacked architecture and a winding architecture. Each of the plurality of electrodes includes a current collector and active material arranged on opposite sides of the current collector. The current collector of one or more outermost ones of the plurality of electrodes is thicker than the current collectors of remaining ones of the plurality of electrodes having the same anode/cathode type.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 22, 2022
    Publication date: February 1, 2024
    Inventors: Yong LU, Haijing LIU, Teresa Jean RINKER
  • Publication number: 20240038996
    Abstract: A method of making a capacitor-assisted hybrid electrode for a lithium-ion electrochemical cell includes admixing a solvent, a cellulose-based dispersant, and a plurality of capacitive particles comprising carbon to form a dispersion. The cellulose-based dispersant forms hydrogen bonds with one or more carbonyl-groups on the capacitive particles comprising carbon. The dispersion is combined with an electroactive material, an electrically conductive material, and a binder to form a slurry. The slurry is applied to a current collector and solidified to form the capacitor-assisted hybrid electrode having a composite hybrid active layer on the current collector. Capacitor-assisted hybrid electrodes formed from such methods are also provided.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 22, 2022
    Publication date: February 1, 2024
    Applicant: GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPERATIONS LLC
    Inventors: Dewen KONG, Meiyuan WU, Si CHEN, Haijing LIU
  • Publication number: 20240030552
    Abstract: An electrode assembly for an electrochemical cell that cycles lithium ions is provided. The electrode assembly includes one or more electroactive material layers including a plurality of electroactive material particles and a plurality of binder material fibers dispersed with the electroactive material particles. At least one electroactive material particle of the plurality may have a first protective layer coated thereon, and at least one binder material fiber of the plurality may have a second protective layer coated thereon. The first and second protective layers may be the same or different. The binder material fibers can include polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE).
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 15, 2022
    Publication date: January 25, 2024
    Applicant: GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPERATIONS LLC
    Inventors: Dewen KONG, Qili SU, Meiyuan WU, Haijing LIU
  • Publication number: 20240021809
    Abstract: The present disclosure provides a positive electroactive material for an electrochemical cell that cycles lithium ions. The positive electroactive material includes a nickel-rich material including a plurality of solid-state particles. Each solid-state particle has a heterogeneous structure that includes a core and a shell that at least partially coats the core. The core includes a nickel-cobalt-manganese material, and the shell includes a nickel-cobalt-aluminum material. When the nickel-rich material is represented by LiNi(1-x-y-z)CoxMnyAl2O2, the nickel-cobalt-manganese material is represented by LiNi(i-x?-(y/a))Cox?Mn(y/a)O2, and the nickel-cobalt-aluminum material is represented by LiNi(i-x?-(z/b))Cox?Al(z/b)O2, where (i) 1-x-y-z>0.5, (ii) a+b=1, (iii) zx?+bx?=x, and (iv) 1-x?-(y/a)>1-x?-(z/b). In certain variations, the core and the shell define a base structure, and the heterogeneous structure further includes a buffer layer that at least partially coats the base structure.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 5, 2022
    Publication date: January 18, 2024
    Applicant: GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPERATIONS LLC
    Inventors: Zhe LI, Qili SU, Yong LU, Haijing LIU, Lianqi ZHANG, Yiming SUN
  • Publication number: 20240021866
    Abstract: The present disclosure provides an electrochemical cell that cycles lithium ions. The electrochemical cell includes a first electrode, a second electrode, a separator physically separating the first and second electrodes, a solid-state interlayer disposed between the separator and the first electrode, and a liquid electrolyte disposed in each of the first electrode, the second electrode, the separator, and the solid-state interlayer. The solid-state interlayer includes a plurality of solid-state electrolyte particles. The solid-state interlayer covers greater than or equal to about 85% of a total surface area of the surface of the first electrode.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 9, 2022
    Publication date: January 18, 2024
    Applicant: GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPERATIONS LLC
    Inventors: Zhe LI, Qili SU, Jingyuan LIU, Haijing LIU, Mark W. VERBRUGGE
  • Publication number: 20240021865
    Abstract: An electrochemical cell that includes a first electrode, a second electrode, and an electrolyte layer that is disposed between the first electrode and the second electrode is provided. The electrolyte layer includes a porous scaffold having a porosity greater than or equal to about 50 vol. % to less than or equal to about 90 vol. %, and a solution-processable solid-state electrolyte that at least partially fills the pores of the porous scaffold. The porous scaffold is defined by a plurality of fibers having an average diameter greater than or equal to about 0.01 micrometer to less than or equal to about 10 micrometers and an average length greater than or equal to about 1 micrometer to less than or equal to about 20 micrometers. The solution-processable solid-state electrolyte includes is selected from the group consisting of: sulfide-based solid-state particles, halide-based solid-state particles, hydride-based solid-state particles, and combinations thereof.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 7, 2022
    Publication date: January 18, 2024
    Applicant: GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPERATIONS LLC
    Inventors: Zhe LI, Meiyuan WU, Qili SU, Yong LU, Haijing LIU
  • Publication number: 20240014470
    Abstract: A battery cell comprises C electrodes each including a first current collector, first and second capacitive layers, and first and second active material layers. The first and second capacitive layers and the first and second active material layers are arranged on the first current collector. E anode electrodes include a second current collector and third and fourth active material layers arranged on the second current collector. E and C are integers greater than zero.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 12, 2022
    Publication date: January 11, 2024
    Inventors: Dewen KONG, Jingyuan LIU, Haijing LIU, Dave G. RICH, Christian FAU
  • Publication number: 20240014440
    Abstract: The present disclosure a gel polymer electrolyte for an electrochemical cell that cycles lithium ions. The gel polymer electrolyte includes a polymer host, a liquid electrolyte, and greater than or equal to about 0.1 wt. % to less than or equal to about 10 wt. % of a sulfolene additive. In certain variations, the gel polymer electrolyte also includes greater than or equal to about 0.1 wt. % to less than or equal to about 5 wt. % of an ethylene carbonate additive. The ethylene carbonate additive may be selected from the group consisting of: vinyl ethylene carbonate (VEC), fluoroethylene carbonate (FEC), vinylene carbonate, and combinations thereof. In each instance, the lithium electrolyte may include a first lithium salt, a second lithium salt that is distinct from the first lithium salt, and a third lithium salt that is distinct from the first lithium salt and the second lithium salt.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 31, 2022
    Publication date: January 11, 2024
    Applicant: GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPERATIONS LLC
    Inventors: Qili SU, Zhe LI, Haijing LIU, Lidan XING, Lijiao QUAN
  • Publication number: 20230411685
    Abstract: The present disclosure provides an electrolyte layer for use in an electrochemical cell that cycles lithium ions. The electrolyte layer includes a porous film that defines a plurality of voids and includes a plurality of solid-state electrolyte particles and a plurality of polymeric fibrils that connect the solid-state electrolyte particles. The electrolyte layer also includes a gel polymeric electrolyte that at least partially fills the plurality of voids in the porous film. The porous film has a thickness greater than or equal to about 2 micrometers to less than or equal to about 100 micrometers, and a porosity greater than or equal to about 10 vol. % to less than or equal to about 50 vol. %. The a gel polymeric electrolyte fills greater than or equal to about 0.1% to less than or equal to about 150% of a total porosity of the porous film.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 1, 2022
    Publication date: December 21, 2023
    Applicant: GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPERATIONS LLC
    Inventors: Qili SU, Zhi LI, Dewen KONG, Haijing LIU
  • Publication number: 20230411687
    Abstract: A capacitor-assisted battery is provided. The capacitor-assisted battery includes an electrolyte system having a lithium-ion conducting component and one or more additives. The one or more additives include a first additive that includes 3-trimethylsilylphenylboronic acid, and a second additive that includes succinic anhydride. The capacitor-assisted battery includes an electrode having an electroactive material and a capacitor material. The electroactive material has a first coating defined thereon, and the capacitor material has a second coating defined thereon. The first and second coatings are defined by the first and second additives. The first coating is a substantially continuous that covers greater than or equal to about 80%, of a total exposed surface area of the electroactive material. The second coating is a discontinuous coating covers greater than or equal to about 20% to less than or equal to about 80% of a total exposed surface area of capacitor material.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 29, 2022
    Publication date: December 21, 2023
    Applicant: GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPERATIONS LLC
    Inventors: Dewen KONG, Haijing LIU, Lidan XING
  • Publication number: 20230402585
    Abstract: A hybridized lithium-ion battery that includes one or more positive electrode assemblies is provided. Each of the one or more positive electrode assemblies includes a positive electrode current collector and one or more positive electroactive material layers disposed on one or more surfaces of the positive electrode current collector. The hybridized lithium-ion battery also includes two or more negative electrode current collectors, and one or more negative electroactive material layers disposed on one or more surfaces of at least one of the two or more negative electrode current collectors, where a total number of the one or more positive electroactive material layers is greater than a total number of negative electroactive material layers. The hybridized lithium-ion battery also includes two or more separating layers physically separating the positive electrode assemblies and the negative electroactive material layers or the positive electrode assemblies and the negative electrode current collectors.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 2, 2022
    Publication date: December 14, 2023
    Applicant: GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPERATIONS LLC
    Inventors: Yong LU, Zhe LI, Meiyuan WU, Haijing LIU
  • Patent number: 11843088
    Abstract: The present disclosure relates a temperature regulating system including an anisotropic material for use as a heating material or element (e.g., an active heater) and a cooling material or element (e.g., passive cooling) in a battery pack including one or more electrochemical cells. The temperature regulating system includes one or more temperature control elements. Each temperature control element is configured to be in a heat transfer relationship with one or more electrochemical cells so as to heat and/or cool the one or more electrochemical cells of the battery pack. Each temperature control element includes two or more structural elements and one or more anisotropic elements disposed between the two or more structural elements. The temperature control elements may be disposed between the electrochemical cells of the stack, disposed around the electrochemical cells of the stack, or both.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 4, 2021
    Date of Patent: December 12, 2023
    Assignee: GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPERATIONS LLC
    Inventors: Dave G. Rich, Saad Hasan, Lyall K Winger, Dewen Kong, Haijing Liu
  • Patent number: 11837704
    Abstract: An electrochemical device according to various aspects of the present disclosure includes an electrochemical cell and an inductor coil. The electrochemical cell includes a current collector. The current collector includes an electrically-conductive material. The inductor coil is configured to generate a magnetic field. The magnetic field is configured to induce an eddy current in the current collector to generate heat in the current collector. In various aspects, the present disclosure also provides a method of internally heating an electrochemical cell. In various aspects, the present disclosure also provides a method of controlling heating of an electrochemical cell.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 23, 2021
    Date of Patent: December 5, 2023
    Assignee: GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPERATIONS LLC
    Inventors: Jingyuan Liu, Dewen Kong, Dave G. Rich, Haijing Liu, Lyall K. Winger, Mark W. Verbrugge
  • Publication number: 20230387381
    Abstract: An all-solid-state electrochemical cell is provided. The electrochemical cell includes an electrode having a current collector that defines a major axis, and an electroactive material layer disposed on or adjacent to the current collector. The electroactive material layer includes a plurality of hierarchical silicon columns, and a solid sulfide electrolyte. The solid sulfide electrolyte is formed in-situ and fills greater than or equal to about 60 vol. % to less than or equal to about 100 vol. % of voids in the electroactive material layer. The voids being defined by openings between the hierarchical silicon columns. A longest dimension of each hierarchical silicon columns is perpendicular to the major axis of the second current collector.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 20, 2022
    Publication date: November 30, 2023
    Applicant: GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPERATIONS LLC
    Inventors: Zhe LI, Xingcheng XIAO, Yong LU, Haijing LIU, Mark W. VERBRUGGE
  • Publication number: 20230378610
    Abstract: A polymer blocker for use in an electrochemical battery that cycles lithium ions is provided. The polymer blocker includes a polymeric layer, a first adhesive layer that includes a first adhesive and is disposed on or near a first surface of the polymeric layer, and a second adhesive layer that includes a second adhesive and is disposed on or near a second surface of the polymeric layer. The polymeric layer has a porosity greater than or equal to about 50 vol. % to less than or equal to about 95 vol. %. A portion of the first adhesive impregnates a first portion of the polymeric layer, and a portion of the second adhesive impregnating a second portion of the polymeric layer. The first and second portions of the polymeric layer may be the same or different.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 20, 2022
    Publication date: November 23, 2023
    Applicant: GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPERATIONS LLC
    Inventors: Zhe LI, Meiyuan WU, Yong LU, Haijing LIU
  • Patent number: 11824159
    Abstract: An anode-free solid-state battery includes a cathode layer having transient anode elements and a bare current collector devoid of non-transitory anode material and configured to accept thereon the transient anode elements. The battery also includes a solid-state electrolyte layer defining voids and arranged between the current collector and the cathode layer. The battery additionally includes a gel situated within the solid-state electrolyte and cathode layers, to permeate the electrolyte voids and form a gelled solid-state electrolyte layer, coat the cathode layer, and facilitate ionic conduction of the anode elements between the cathode layer, the solid-state electrolyte layer, and the current collector. Charging the battery diffuses the anode elements from the cathode layer, via the gelled solid-state electrolyte layer, onto the current collector. Discharging the battery returns the anode elements, via the gelled solid-state electrolyte layer, to the cathode layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 27, 2021
    Date of Patent: November 21, 2023
    Assignee: GM Global Technology Operations LLC
    Inventors: Zhe Li, Yong Lu, Haijing Liu, Qili Su, Xiaochao Que, Mark W. Verbrugge
  • Publication number: 20230343951
    Abstract: An electrochemical cell includes a positive electrode including 90 wt. % to 98 wt. % of a cobalt-free electroactive material. represented by LiNixM1-xO2 (where M is manganese, aluminum, magnesium, zirconium, chromium, or a combination thereof and x?0.75), 0.05 wt. % to 3 wt. % a polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) binder having a molecular weight (MW) greater than or equal to about 6,000,000 u, and 1 wt. % to 5 wt. % of a first electronically conductive material. The electrochemical cell also includes a negative electrode including 90 wt. % to 98 wt. % of a graphite-containing negative electroactive material, 0.05 wt. % to 3 wt. % a polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) binder having a molecular weight (MW) greater than or equal to about 6,000,000 u, 0.05 wt. % to 2 wt. % of an ancillary binder, and 1 wt. % to 5 wt. % of a second electronically conductive material.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 30, 2022
    Publication date: October 26, 2023
    Applicant: GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPERATIONS LLC
    Inventors: Dewen KONG, Haijing LIU