Patents by Inventor Hsing-Ya Tsao

Hsing-Ya Tsao has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Patent number: 9177658
    Abstract: An one-transistor-one-bit (1T1b) Flash-based EEPROM cell is provided along with improved key operation schemes including applying a negative word line voltage and a reduced bit line voltage for perform erase operation, which drastically reduces the high voltage stress on each cell for enhancing the Program/Erase cycles while reducing cell size. An array made by the 1T1b Flash-based EEPROM cells can be operated with Half-page or Full-page divided programming and pre-charging period for each program cycle. Utilizing PGM buffer made of Vdd devices in the cell array further save silicon area. Additionally, a two-transistor-two-bit (2T2b) EEPROM cell derived from the 1T1b cell is disclosed with additional cell size reduction but with the operation of program and erase the same as that for the 1T1b cells with benefits of no process change but much enhanced storage density, superior Program/Erase endurance cycle, and capability for operating in high temperature environment.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 18, 2014
    Date of Patent: November 3, 2015
    Inventors: Peter Wung Lee, Hsing-Ya Tsao
  • Patent number: 9177645
    Abstract: A 10T NVSRAM cell is provided with a bottom HV NMOS Select transistor in each 3T FString removed from traditional 12T NVSRAM cell. A Recall operation by reading a stored ?Vt state of flash transistors into each SRAM cell uses a charge-sensing scheme rather than the current-sensing scheme, with all other key operations unchanged. The Recall operation works under any ramping rate of SRAM's power line voltage and Flash gate signal which can be set higher than only Vt0 or both Vt0 and Vt1. Alternatively, the Store operation can use a current charging scheme from a Fpower line to the paired Q and QB nodes of each SRAM cell through a paired Flash Voltage Follower that stored ?Vtp?1.0V. The Recall operation in this alternative embodiment is to use a 7-step approach with the FN-channel erase, FN-channel program and FN-edge program schemes, including 2-step SRAM amplification.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 19, 2013
    Date of Patent: November 3, 2015
    Inventors: Hsing-Ya Tsao, Peter Wung Lee
  • Patent number: 9177644
    Abstract: This invention discloses a low-voltage fast-write 12T or 14T PMOS NVSRAM cell structure which comprises a 6T LV SRAM cell and one pairs of two 3T or 4T HV PMOS Flash strings. Due to reverse threshold voltage definition of PMOS and NMOS flash cell, this PMOS NVSRAM cell has the advantage over the NMOS NVSRAM cell to have the same data polarity between SRAM and Flash pairs during the data writing operation. In addition, this PMOS NVSRAM's PMOS Flash cell uses similar low-current FN-tunneling scheme as NMOS NVSRAM, thus the fast data program and erase can be achieved in a big density up to 100 Mb simultaneously. As a result, low power voltage operation of NVSRAM with 1.2V VDD can be much easier to be designed without coupling the FSL line to any VDD level during the flash data loading into SRAM cell during a power-on period.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 12, 2013
    Date of Patent: November 3, 2015
    Inventors: Hsing-Ya Tsao, Peter Wung Lee
  • Patent number: 9171627
    Abstract: A low-current FN channel scheme for erase, program, program-inhibit and read operations is disclosed for NAND NVM memories. This invention discloses a block array architecture and 3-step half-page program algorithm to achieve less error rate of NAND cell threshold voltage level. Thus, the error correction code capability requirement can be reduced, thus the program yield can be increased to reduce the overall NAND die cost at advanced nodes below 20 nm. As a result, this NAND array can still use the LV, compact PGM buffer for saving in the silicon area and power consumption. In addition, the simpler on-chip state-machine design can be achieved with the superior quality of less program errors.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 15, 2013
    Date of Patent: October 27, 2015
    Assignee: Aplus Flash Technology, Inc.
    Inventors: Peter Wung Lee, Hsing-Ya Tsao
  • Patent number: 9019764
    Abstract: A low-current FN channel for Erase, Program, Program-Inhibit and Read operations is disclosed for any non-volatile memory using FN-tunneling scheme for program and erase operation, regardless NAND, NOR, and EEPROM and regardless PMOS or NMOS non-volatile cell type. As a result, all above NMV memories can use the disclosed LV, compact PGM buffer to replace the traditional HV PGM buffer for saving in the silicon area and power consumption. The page buffer is used to store new loaded data for new writing and to convert the stored data into the required BL HV voltage for either Erase or Program operations according to the stored data. In addition, the simpler on-chip State-machine design can be achieved with the superior quality of NVMs of this disclosure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 19, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 28, 2015
    Assignee: Aplus Flash Technology, Inc.
    Inventors: Peter Wung Lee, Hsing-Ya Tsao
  • Patent number: 9001583
    Abstract: Two on-chip capacitors including one HV capacitor VPPcap and one LV VCC capacitor VCCcap are built over a NVSRAM memory chip as a back-up second power supplies for each NVSRAM cell, regardless of 1-poly, 2-poly, PMOS or NMOS flash cell structures therein. The on-chip HV and LV capacitors are preferably made from one or more MIM or MIP layers for achieving required capacitance. A simplified VCC power system circuit without a need of a State machine designed for performing only one NVSRAM Program operation without Erase operations is proposed for initiating NVSRAM's Auto-Store operation without using any off-chip Vbat and Vcap. During the Auto-Store operation, all HV pumps and oscillators associated with the two on-chip capacitors are shut off once VCC voltage drop is detected by a VCC detector to be below 80% of regular VDD level.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 14, 2013
    Date of Patent: April 7, 2015
    Assignee: Aplus Flash Technology, Inc.
    Inventors: Peter Wung Lee, Hsing-Ya Tsao
  • Publication number: 20150071007
    Abstract: An one-transistor-one-bit (1T1b) Flash-based EEPROM cell is provided along with improved key operation schemes including applying a negative word line voltage and a reduced bit line voltage for perform erase operation, which drastically reduces the high voltage stress on each cell for enhancing the Program/Erase cycles while reducing cell size. An array made by the 1T1b Flash-based EEPROM cells can be operated with Half-page or Full-page divided programming and pre-charging period for each program cycle. Utilizing PGM buffer made of Vdd devices in the cell array further save silicon area. Additionally, a two-transistor-two-bit (2T2b) EEPROM cell derived from the 1T1b cell is disclosed with additional cell size reduction but with the operation of program and erase the same as that for the 1T1b cells with benefits of no process change but much enhanced storage density, superior Program/Erase endurance cycle, and capability for operating in high temperature environment.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 18, 2014
    Publication date: March 12, 2015
    Inventors: Peter Wung Lee, Hsing-Ya Tsao
  • Patent number: 8929136
    Abstract: One or more embodiments of 8T NVSRAM cell are provided for improving NVSRAM memory architecture with reduced cell size as opposed to the prior art of 12T NVSRAM cell. This novel 8T NVSRAM cell uses one step Write operation under either a FN-channel write scheme to increase a paired flash transistor Vt values in positive direction with a desired ?Vt12 ?1V or a FN-edge write scheme to decrease the Vt values in negative direction with a similar desired ?Vt12?1V to write the ?Vt12 into the paired flash transistors within 1-10 ms without requiring a pre-erase step. There is no need of Program-Inhibit Voltage (SBPI) to inhibit non-select flash transistor from programming. In addition, this 8T NVSRAM cell uses DRAM-like charge-sensing scheme to detect the ?V on Q and QB nodes of SRAM in which is coupled and generated from the ?Vt12 stored in MC1 and MC2 flash transistors.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 22, 2013
    Date of Patent: January 6, 2015
    Inventors: Peter Wung Lee, Hsing-Ya Tsao
  • Patent number: 8923049
    Abstract: An one-transistor-one-bit (1T1b) Flash-based EEPROM cell is provided along with improved key operation schemes including applying a negative word line voltage and a reduced bit line voltage for perform erase operation, which drastically reduces the high voltage stress on each cell for enhancing the Program/Erase cycles while reducing cell size. An array made by the 1T1b Flash-based EEPROM cells can be operated with Half-page or Full-page divided programming and pre-charging period for each program cycle. Utilizing PGM buffer made of Vdd devices in the cell array further save silicon area. Additionally, a two-transistor-two-bit (2T2b) EEPROM cell derived from the 1T1b cell is disclosed with additional cell size reduction but with the operation of program and erase the same as that for the 1T1b cells with benefits of no process change but much enhanced storage density, superior Program/Erase endurance cycle, and capability for operating in high temperature environment.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 4, 2013
    Date of Patent: December 30, 2014
    Inventors: Peter Wung Lee, Hsing-Ya Tsao
  • Publication number: 20140119118
    Abstract: One or more embodiments of 8T NVSRAM cell are provided for improving NVSRAM memory architecture with reduced cell size as opposed to the prior art of 12T NVSRAM cell. This novel 8T NVSRAM cell uses one step Write operation under either a FN-channel write scheme to increase a paired flash transistor Vt values in positive direction with a desired ?Vt12?1V or a FN-edge write scheme to decrease the Vt values in negative direction with a similar desired ?Vt12?1V to write the ?Vt12 into the paired flash transistors within 1-10 ms without requiring a pre-erase step. There is no need of Program-Inhibit Voltage (SBPI) to inhibit non-select flash transistor from programming. In addition, this 8T NVSRAM cell uses DRAM-like charge-sensing scheme to detect the ?V on Q and QB nodes of SRAM in which is coupled and generated from the ?Vt12 stored in MC1 and MC2 flash transistors.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 22, 2013
    Publication date: May 1, 2014
    Applicant: Aplus Flash Technology, Inc.
    Inventors: Peter Wung Lee, Hsing-Ya Tsao
  • Publication number: 20140112072
    Abstract: A 10T NVSRAM cell is provided with a bottom HV NMOS Select transistor in each 3T FString removed from traditional 12T NVSRAM cell. A Recall operation by reading a stored ?Vt state of flash transistors into each SRAM cell uses a charge-sensing scheme rather than the current-sensing scheme, with all other key operations unchanged. The Recall operation works under any ramping rate of SRAM's power line voltage and Flash gate signal which can be set higher than only Vt0 or both Vt0 and Vt1. Alternatively, the Store operation can use a current charging scheme from a Fpower line to the paired Q and QB nodes of each SRAM cell through a paired Flash Voltage Follower that stored ?Vtp?1.0V. The Recall operation in this alternative embodiment is to use a 7-step approach with the FN-channel erase, FN-channel program and FN-edge program schemes, including 2-step SRAM amplification.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 19, 2013
    Publication date: April 24, 2014
    Applicant: Aplus Flash Technology, Inc
    Inventors: Hsing-Ya Tsao, Peter Wung Lee
  • Publication number: 20140104946
    Abstract: Two on-chip capacitors including one HV capacitor VPPcap and one LV VCC capacitor VCCcap are built over a NVSRAM memory chip as a back-up second power supplies for each NVSRAM cell, regardless of 1-poly, 2-poly, PMOS or NMOS flash cell structures therein. The on-chip HV and LV capacitors are preferably made from one or more MIM or MIP layers for achieving required capacitance. A simplified VCC power system circuit without a need of a State machine designed for performing only one NVSRAM Program operation without Erase operations is proposed for initiating NVSRAM's Auto-Store operation without using any off-chip Vbat and Vcap. During the Auto-Store operation, all HV pumps and oscillators associated with the two on-chip capacitors are shut off once VCC voltage drop is detected by a VCC detector to be below 80% of regular VDD level.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 14, 2013
    Publication date: April 17, 2014
    Applicant: Aplus Flash Technology, Inc
    Inventors: Peter Wung Lee, Hsing-Ya Tsao
  • Publication number: 20140050025
    Abstract: This invention discloses a low-voltage fast-write 12T or 14T PMOS NVSRAM cell structure which comprises a 6T LV SRAM cell and one pairs of two 3T or 4T HV PMOS Flash strings. Due to reverse threshold voltage definition of PMOS and NMOS flash cell, this PMOS NVSRAM cell has the advantage over the NMOS NVSRAM cell to have the same data polarity between SRAM and Flash pairs during the data writing operation. In addition, this PMOS NVSRAM's PMOS Flash cell uses similar low-current FN-tunneling scheme as NMOS NVSRAM, thus the fast data program and erase can be achieved in a big density up to 100 Mb simultaneously. As a result, low power voltage operation of NVSRAM with 1.2V VDD can be much easier to be designed without coupling the FSL line to any VDD level during the flash data loading into SRAM cell during a power-on period.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 12, 2013
    Publication date: February 20, 2014
    Applicant: APlus Flash Technology, Inc
    Inventors: Hsing-Ya Tsao, Peter Wung Lee
  • Patent number: 8634241
    Abstract: Methods of increasing the speed of random read and write operations of a memory device are provided for improving the performance of volatile and non-volatile memory devices. In contrast to the conventional approach that latches the current memory address right before the currently accessed memory data are outputted, the methods latch the next memory address before the currently accessed memory data are read out. The flow, timing waveforms and control sequences of applying the methods to parallel NOR flash, parallel pSRAM, serial SQI NOR flash and NAND flash are described in detail. The NOR flash device designed with the method can be integrated with a NAND flash device on a same die in a combo flash device packaged in either an ONFI compatible NAND flash package or other standard NAND flash package.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 12, 2011
    Date of Patent: January 21, 2014
    Assignee: APlus Flash Technology, Inc.
    Inventors: Peter Wung Lee, Fu-Chang Hsu, Hsing-Ya Tsao
  • Publication number: 20130294161
    Abstract: This invention discloses several embodiments of a low-voltage fast-write NVSRAM cells, made of either of a 2-poly floating-gate type flash cell or a 1-poly charge-trapping SONOS or MONOS flash cell with improvement by adding a Bridge circuit. This Bridge circuit is preferably inserted between each LV 6T SRAM cell and each HV Flash cell that comprises one paired complementary Flash strings. The Flash strings can be made of either 2T or 3T Flash strings. The tradeoff of using either a 2T or a 3T Flash string is subject to the gate area penalty and required design specs. One improvement for adding the Bridge circuit into the NVSRAM cell is to ensure the data writing between Flash cell and SRAM cell with the same polarity and to allow the operation down to low 1.2V Vdd.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 6, 2013
    Publication date: November 7, 2013
    Applicant: APlus Flash Technology, Inc.
    Inventors: Peter Wung Lee, Hsing-Ya Tsao
  • Publication number: 20130272067
    Abstract: A low-current FN channel scheme for erase, program, program-inhibit and read operations is disclosed for NAND NVM memories. This invention discloses a block array architecture and 3-step half-page program algorithm to achieve less error rate of NAND cell threshold voltage level. Thus, the error correction code capability requirement can be reduced, thus the program yield can be increased to reduce the overall NAND die cost at advanced nodes below 20 nm. As a result, this NAND array can still use the LV, compact PGM buffer for saving in the silicon area and power consumption. In addition, the simpler on-chip state-machine design can be achieved with the superior quality of less program errors.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 15, 2013
    Publication date: October 17, 2013
    Applicant: Aplus Flash Technology, Inc
    Inventors: Peter Wung Lee, Hsing-Ya Tsao
  • Publication number: 20130215683
    Abstract: A three-dimensional NAND-based NOR nonvolatile memory cell has two three-dimensional SONOS-type charge-retaining transistors arranged in a series string such that one of the charge-retaining transistors functions as a select gate transistor to prevent leakage current through the charge-retaining transistors when the charge-retaining transistors is not selected for determining a data state of the three-dimensional NAND-based NOR nonvolatile memory cell. The first charge retaining transistor's drain is connected to a bit line parallel to the charge retaining transistors and the second charge retaining transistor's source is connected to a source line and is parallel to the bit line.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 15, 2012
    Publication date: August 22, 2013
    Applicant: APLUS FLASH TECHNOLOGY, INC.
    Inventors: Peter Wung Lee, Hsing-Ya Tsao
  • Publication number: 20130182509
    Abstract: An one-transistor-one-bit (1T1b) Flash-based EEPROM cell is provided along with improved key operation schemes including applying a negative word line voltage and a reduced bit line voltage for perform erase operation, which drastically reduces the high voltage stress on each cell for enhancing the Program/Erase cycles while reducing cell size. An array made by the 1T1b Flash-based EEPROM cells can be operated with Half-page or Full-page divided programming and pre-charging period for each program cycle. Utilizing PGM buffer made of Vdd devices in the cell array further save silicon area. Additionally, a two-transistor-two-bit (2T2b) EEPROM cell derived from the 1T1b cell is disclosed with additional cell size reduction but with the operation of program and erase the same as that for the 1T1b cells with benefits of no process change but much enhanced storage density, superior Program/Erase endurance cycle, and capability for operating in high temperature environment.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 4, 2013
    Publication date: July 18, 2013
    Applicant: Aplus Flash Technology, Inc
    Inventors: Peter Wung Lee, Hsing-Ya Tsao
  • Patent number: 8345481
    Abstract: A NOR flash nonvolatile memory or reconfigurable logic device has an array of NOR flash nonvolatile memory circuits that includes charge retaining transistors serially connected in a NAND string such that at least one of the charge retaining transistors functions as a select gate transistor to prevent leakage current through the charge retaining transistors when the charge retaining transistors is not selected for reading. The topmost charge retaining transistor's drain is connected to a bit line parallel to the charge retaining transistors and the bottommost charge retaining transistor's source is connected to a source line and is parallel to the bit line. The charge retaining transistors are programmed and erased with a Fowler-Nordheim tunneling process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 25, 2011
    Date of Patent: January 1, 2013
    Assignee: Aplus Flash Technology, Inc.
    Inventors: Peter Wung Lee, Fu-Chang Hsu, Hsing-Ya Tsao
  • Patent number: 8295087
    Abstract: A nonvolatile memory device includes an array of EEPROM configured nonvolatile memory cells each having a floating gate memory transistor for storing a digital datum and a floating gate select transistor for activating the floating gate memory transistor for reading, programming, and erasing. The nonvolatile memory device has a row decoder to transfer the operational biasing voltage levels to word lines connected to the floating gate memory transistors for reading, programming, verifying, and erasing the selected nonvolatile memory cells. The nonvolatile memory device has a select gate decoder circuit transfers select gate control biasing voltages to the select gate control lines connected to the control gate of the floating gate select transistor for reading, programming, verifying, and erasing the floating gate memory transistor of the selected nonvolatile memory cells.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 16, 2009
    Date of Patent: October 23, 2012
    Assignee: Aplus Flash Technology, Inc.
    Inventors: Peter Wung Lee, Fu-Chang Hsu, Hsing-Ya Tsao