Patents by Inventor Karl F. Mueller

Karl F. Mueller has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Patent number: 6515175
    Abstract: Novel perfluoroalkyl-substituted mono-, di- and poly-amide compounds which are reaction products of a mono-, di- or polyamine of 60 to 2000 molecular weight with a perfluoroalkyl substituted unsaturated acid or its corresponding lower alkyl ester and optionally a non-fluorinated amino-reactive compound such as an acid, ester, anhydride, epichlorohydrin, isocyanate or urea, are useful as internally or externally applied paper sizes to impart oil and grease resistance to paper, and as oil proofing coatings on textiles, wood, masonry and the like, or as high-performance surface active agents.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 15, 2001
    Date of Patent: February 4, 2003
    Assignee: Ciba Specialty Chemicals Corporation
    Inventors: Karl F. Mueller, Michael Bochnik, Marlon Haniff, John Jennings, Shobha Kantamneni
  • Publication number: 20020068802
    Abstract: Novel perfluoroalkyl-substituted mono-, di- and poly-amide compounds which are reaction products of a mono-, di- or polyamine of 60 to 2000 molecular weight with a perfluoroalkyl substituted unsaturated acid or its corresponding lower alkyl ester and optionally a non-fluorinated amino-reactive compound such as an acid, ester, anhydride, epichlorohydrin, isocyanate or urea, are useful as internally or externally applied paper sizes to impart oil and grease resistance to paper, and as oil proofing coatings on textiles, wood, masonry and the like, or as high-performance surface active agents.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 15, 2001
    Publication date: June 6, 2002
    Inventors: Karl F. Mueller, Michael Bochnik, Marlon Haniff, John Jennings, Shobha Kantamneni
  • Patent number: 5663273
    Abstract: Di-, tri- and poly-perfluoroalkyl-substituted alcohols and acids and derivatives thereof are described which are prepared from perfluoroalkyl iodides and di-, tri- or polyallyl alcohols or acids. These compounds contain two or more perfluoroalkyl-iodoalkyl or perfluoroalkyl-alkenyl groups and one or two alcohol or acid groups or derivatized alcohol or acid functions. They can be reacted with isocyanates, epoxy compounds, anhydrides, acids or acid derivatives to prepare a great variety of oil- and water-repellent compositions which are useful for oil- and water-repellent treatment of textiles, glass, paper, leather and other substrates.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 31, 1995
    Date of Patent: September 2, 1997
    Assignee: Ciba-Geigy Corporation
    Inventors: Marlon Haniff, Robert Falk, Ted Deisenroth, Karl F. Mueller
  • Patent number: 5525732
    Abstract: Di-, tri- and poly-perfluoroalkyl-substituted alcohols and acids and derivatives thereof are described which are prepared from perfluoroalkyl iodides and di-, tri- or polyallyl alcohols or acids. These compounds contain two or more perfluoroalkyl-iodoalkyl or perfluoroalkyl-alkenyl groups and one or two alcohol or acid groups or derivatized alcohol or acid functions. They can be reacted with isocyanates, epoxy compounds, anhydrides, acids or acid derivatives to prepare a great variety of oil- and water-repellent compositions which are useful for oil- and water-repellent treatment of textiles, glass, paper, leather and other substrates.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 31, 1995
    Date of Patent: June 11, 1996
    Assignee: Ciba-Geigy Corporation
    Inventors: Marlon Haniff, Robert Falk, Ted Deisenroth, Karl F. Mueller
  • Patent number: 5496475
    Abstract: Low viscosity, concentrated aqueous solutions of polysaccharide gums are prepared using certain water-soluble, anionic copolymers as viscosity reducers. These low viscosity polysaccharide gum solutions are used in the formulation of low viscosity polar-solvent fire-fighting foam compositions, especially "3.times.3" ("three by three") concentrates. The low viscosity compositions of the present invention are found to have exceptional stability as well as significantly improved fire-fighting performance.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 30, 1992
    Date of Patent: March 5, 1996
    Assignee: Ciba-Geigy Corporation
    Inventors: Chang H. Jho, Yung Loh, Karl F. Mueller
  • Patent number: 5491261
    Abstract: Di-, tri- and poly-perfluoroalkyl-substituted alcohols and acids and derivatives thereof are described which are prepared from perfluoroalkyl iodides and di-, tri- or polyallyl alcohols or acids. These compounds contain two or more perfluoroalkyl-iodoalkyl or perfluoroalkyl-alkenyl groups and one or two alcohol or acid groups or derivatized alcohol or acid functions. They can be reacted with isocyanates, epoxy compounds, anhydrides, acids or acid derivatives to prepare a great variety of oil- and water-repellent compositions which are useful for oil- and water-repellent treatment of textiles, glass, paper, leather and other substrates.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 1, 1994
    Date of Patent: February 13, 1996
    Assignee: Ciba-Geigy Corporation
    Inventors: Marlon Haniff, Robert Falk, Ted Deisenroth, Karl F. Mueller
  • Patent number: 5480946
    Abstract: New styrene-functional polysiloxanes are described which are obtained by reaction of aminoalkyl functional polysiloxanes with styrene isocyanates. The styrene functional urea polysiloxanes have improved hydrolytic stability and are useful, either by themselves or in combination with copolymerizable comonomers, in UV- or heat curable biocompatible and oxygen permeable coatings, films or shaped articles, especially in form of oxygen permeable contact lenses.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 9, 1994
    Date of Patent: January 2, 1996
    Assignee: Ciba Geigy Corporation
    Inventors: Karl F. Mueller, Michael C. Bochnik
  • Patent number: 5459222
    Abstract: Polyurethanes and polyesters are described which are the reaction products of an aromatic, aliphatic or cycloaliphatic diisocyanate, or of a diacid or diacid derivative respectively, with a diol containing a pendent UV-absorbing moiety, optionally also with one or more other diols or diamines. These UV-absorbing polycondensates can be applied to the surfaces of substrates by exhaustion methods or by spraying and act to protect polymers and dyes from degradation by UV radiation. They are therefore useful, either alone or in combination with other coating materials, for the treatment of wood, paper, textiles, leather or other surfaces which are exposed to degrading radiation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 4, 1993
    Date of Patent: October 17, 1995
    Assignee: Ciba-Geigy Corporation
    Inventors: Juliana Rodgers, Istvan Borsody, Athanasios Karydas, Robert A. Falk, Karl F. Mueller, Michele Kovaleski
  • Patent number: 5426158
    Abstract: A contact lens is described which is synthesized by reaction in a mold of a isocyanate capped poly(dialkylsiloxane) prepolymer with a poly(dialkylsiloxane) di- or polyalkanol. The clear polyurethane rubber contact lens is readily made completely wettable by a transfer-grafting process or post-treatment and has a high oxygen permeability.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 14, 1994
    Date of Patent: June 20, 1995
    Assignee: Ciba-Geigy Corp.
    Inventors: Karl F. Mueller, Paul Harisiades
  • Patent number: 5334681
    Abstract: Fluorine and/or silicone containing block copolymers are described which are the copolymerization product of mono; di- or trivinyl substituted poly(ethylene oxide) prepolymers (A) and fluoroalkyl-alkylene acrylates or methacrylates (B1), oligosiloxy-silyl alkyl-acrylates or methacrylates (B2), ether copolymerizable comonomers (C), and 0.1 to 10% of a di- or polyvinyl crosslinking comonomer (D) of 200 to 1000 molecular weight. The novel block copolymers are prepared in solution or bulk and form hydrogels, which are characterized by high oxygen permeability, resiliency, flexibility and wettability and are therefore well suited as biocompatible polymers, especially as contact lenses.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 17, 1993
    Date of Patent: August 2, 1994
    Assignee: Ciba-Geigy Corporation
    Inventors: Karl F. Mueller, Walter L. Plankl
  • Patent number: 5194556
    Abstract: Hard polymers with extremely high oxygen permeability are described, which consist of the copolymerization product of 1-15% by weight of a poly(dimethylsiloxane) bearing multiple polymerizable vinyl groups and having a number-average molecular weight M.sub.n of 1000-7000, 20-50% of an oligosiloxanylalkyl (meth)acrylate, 25-50% of an at least three fluorine atoms containing vinyl-monomer, 0-30% of copolymerizable monomers, which by themselves as homo- or copolymers have a Shore-D hardness of at least 85, 1-25% of polyvinyl-crosslinking monomer of 200-1000 molecular weight, and 0-15% of a watersoluble, copolymerizable monomer. The novel polymers combine a Shore-D hardness of 70-85 with an oxygen permeability of 40-90 barrers, making them outstanding materials for the manufacture and use as rigid, gas-permeable contact lenses.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 9, 1991
    Date of Patent: March 16, 1993
    Assignee: Ciba-Geigy Corporation
    Inventors: Karl F. Mueller, Bernhard Seiferling, Michael C. Bochnik
  • Patent number: 5147923
    Abstract: Novel hydrogels and hydroplastics are described which exhibit temperature dependent, reversible phase separations and clear-opaque transitions between 1.degree. and 100.degree. C. These materials consist of linear or crosslinked random copolymers of N,N-dimethylacrylamide with alkyl- and alkoxyalkyl acrylates. The water solubility and water swelling of these polymers is extremely temperature dependent; they show sharply defined clear to opaque transitions in their water swollen state and as soluble polymers show Lower Critical Solution Temperatures (LCST). They are useful in drug delivery systems, absorption and extraction processes and as qualitative thermometers, thermosensors and self-activating sunscreens, for example in greenhouses.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 3, 1992
    Date of Patent: September 15, 1992
    Assignee: Ciba-Geigy Corporation
    Inventor: Karl F. Mueller
  • Patent number: 5115056
    Abstract: Fluorine and/or silicone containing block copolymers are described which are the copolymerization product of mono; di- or trivinyl substituted poly(alkylene oxide) prepolymers (A) and fluoroalkyl-alkylene acrylates or methacrylates (B1), oligosiloxy-silyl alkyl-acrylates or methacrylates (B2), and optionally other copolymerizable comonomers (C). The novel block copolymers are prepared in solution or bulk and are characterized by high oxygen permeability, flexibility and wettability and are therefore well suited as biocompatible polymers, especially as contact lenses.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 28, 1990
    Date of Patent: May 19, 1992
    Assignee: Ciba-Geigy Corporation
    Inventors: Karl F. Mueller, Walter L. Plankl
  • Patent number: 5104954
    Abstract: Novel hydrogels and hydroplastics are described which exhibit temperature dependent, reversible phase separations and clear-opaque transitions between 1.degree. and 100.degree. C. These materials consist of linear or crosslinked random copolymers of N,N-dimethylacrylamide with alkyl- and alkoxyalkyl acrylates. The water solubility and water swelling of these polymers is extremely temperature dependent; they show sharply defined clear to opaque transitions in their water swollen state and as soluble polymers shown Lower Critical Solution Temperatures (LCST). They are useful in drug delivery systems, absorption and extraction processes and as qualitative thermometers, thermosensors and self-activating sunscreens, for example in greenhouses.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 29, 1990
    Date of Patent: April 14, 1992
    Assignee: Ciba-Geigy Corporation
    Inventor: Karl F. Mueller
  • Patent number: 5079319
    Abstract: Vinyl unsaturated copolymers are described which are obtained in a two-step process and which consist of monomeric units A, B, C, D and E, copolymerized in a first step, and in a second step reacted with a reactive vinyl monomer M.sub.v, and in which A is a siloxane or fluorine containing vinyl monomer, 30-70% by weight; B is NN-dimethylacrylamide or N-vinylpyrrolidone, 30-70% by weight; C is an active hydrogen containing vinyl monomer, 0.5-25% by weight; D are other copolymerizable comonomers, 0-30% by weight, and E is a chain transfer agent, 0-10 mol percent. M.sub.v is a vinyl unsaturated isocyanate.These vinyl unsaturated polymers are useful, either by themselves or in combination with other copolymerizable vinyl monomers, as heat or UV-curable coatings or glass, plastic, wood, paper, textiles, metal or ceramics, said coatings possessing low surface energies and low refractive indices.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 13, 1991
    Date of Patent: January 7, 1992
    Assignee: Ciba-Geigy Corporation
    Inventor: Karl F. Mueller
  • Patent number: 5070169
    Abstract: Contact lenses which are optically clear, wettable, flexible, and of high oxygen permeability in the aqueous ocular environment of use, of a block copolymer containing polysiloxane and polyoxyalkylene oxide units are disclosed, as well as the preparation thereof and methods of treating vision defects therewith.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 24, 1989
    Date of Patent: December 3, 1991
    Assignee: Ciba-Geigy Corporation
    Inventors: J. Richard Robertson, Kai C. Su, Merrill S. Goldenberg, Karl F. Mueller
  • Patent number: 5057560
    Abstract: Novel thermotropic hydrogel forming polymers are described, which are ramdom copolymers of N,N-dimethyacrylamide with methoxy-ethyl acrylate or methacrylate. The linear polymers exhibit in water a lower-critical-solution-temperature (LCST) between 0.degree. and 70.degree. C. The water swelling of the crosslinked polymers is extremely temperature dependent and the gels show sharply defined clear to opaque transitions. The novel polymers are useful in drug delivery systems, absorption and extraction processes and as qualitative thermometers, thermosensors and self-activating sunscreens, for example for greenhouses.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 21, 1990
    Date of Patent: October 15, 1991
    Assignee: Ciba-Geigy Corporation
    Inventor: Karl F. Mueller
  • Patent number: 5011275
    Abstract: The invention describes polymers which are obtained by copolymerization of 15-85 wt % N,N-dimethylacrylamide with about 15-85% of a fluorinated monomer such as perfluoroalkyl-alkylene acrylate or methacrylate with from 3 to 25 fluorine atoms and optionally, 0-50 wt % other acrylates or methacrylates and 0-20 wt %, but not more than 5 mol % of a polyvinyl functional crosslinking agent. These polymers are machinable in the dry state and form clear hydrogels with about 25-75 wt % water content and which possess oxygen-permeabilities 3-7 times higher than conventional hydrogels of similar water content. In the absence of crosslinking, the novel polymers are plasticized by water, forming clear hydroplastics with 30-70 wt % water content. The crosslinked polymers are especially useful for fabricating contact lenses for extended wear by either cutting and polishing a xerogel button, or by spin casting or direct molding in bulk or in solution.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 6, 1990
    Date of Patent: April 30, 1991
    Assignee: Ciba-Geigy Corporation
    Inventor: Karl F. Mueller
  • Patent number: 5010155
    Abstract: Vinyl substituted hydroxyethyl cellulose is obtained by reaction of hydroxyethyl cellulose, either in solution or in dispersion, with a vinyl-unsaturated isocyanate. The vinyl-urethane substituted hydroxyethyl cellulose of this invention can be used to form coatings on a substrate, such as glass, plastic, metal, wood and the like, which can subsequently be crosslinked by conventional UV-curing technology into hydrophilic films. When coated onto a mold, such coatings are especially useful in forming very hydrophilic surfaces on reaction-molded polymer shapes, such as contact lenses.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 9, 1990
    Date of Patent: April 23, 1991
    Assignee: Ciba-Geigy Corporation
    Inventor: Karl F. Mueller
  • Patent number: 5010141
    Abstract: Vinyl unsaturated copolymers are described which are obtained in a two-step process and which consist of monomeric units A, B, C, D and E, copolymerized in a first step, and in a second step reacted with a reactive vinyl monomer M.sub.v, and in which A is a siloxane or fluorine containing vinyl monomer, 30-70% by weight; B is N,N-dimethylacrylamide or N-vinylpyrrolidone, 30-70% by weight; C is an active hydrogen containing vinyl monomer, 0.5-25% by weight; D are other copolymerizable comonomers, 0-30% by weight, and E is a chain transfer agent, 0-10 mol percent. M.sub.v is a vinyl unsaturated isocyanate.These vinyl unsaturated polymers are useful, either by themselves or in combination with other copolymerizable vinyl monomers, as heat or UV-curable coatings or glass, plastic, wood, paper, textiles, metal or ceramics, said coatings possessing low surface energies and low refractive indices.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 18, 1990
    Date of Patent: April 23, 1991
    Assignee: Ciba-Geigy Corporation
    Inventor: Karl F. Mueller