Patents by Inventor Kevin M. Donovan

Kevin M. Donovan has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Patent number: 10870774
    Abstract: An article has a substrate and a pattern of a dry silver nanoparticle-containing composition comprising at least 20 weight % of one or more (a) polymers, that are cellulosic polymers; (d) silver nanoparticles having a mean particle size of 25-750 nm and present in an amount of 0.1-400 weight %, based on the total weight of the one or more (a) polymers; and (e) carbon black in an amount of 5-50 weight %, based on the total weight of the one or more (a) polymers. Such patterns can have multiple fine lines of any geometric arrangement. The article can have multiple patterns of this type, and each pattern can be electrolessly plated with a suitable metal such as copper to provide electrically-conductive product articles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 13, 2017
    Date of Patent: December 22, 2020
    Assignee: EASTMAN KODAK COMPANY
    Inventors: Deepak Shukla, Kevin M. Donovan
  • Patent number: 10731022
    Abstract: A foamed, opacifying element useful as a light-blocking article has a substrate; an opacifying layer disposed on the substrate, and a functional composition disposed over the opacifying layer. The functional composition comprises: (i) inorganic or organic spacer particles having a mode particle size of at least 1 ?m and up to and including 100 ?m, and which inorganic or organic spacer particles resist melt flow at a pressure of up to and including 100 psi (689.5 kPa) and a temperature of up to and including 220° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 26, 2018
    Date of Patent: August 4, 2020
    Assignee: EASTMAN KODAK COMPANY
    Inventors: Mridula Nair, Lloyd Anthony Lobo, Kevin M. Donovan
  • Patent number: 10696813
    Abstract: A foamed, opacifying element is useful as a light-blocking article, and includes a substrate; an opacifying layer disposed on the substrate, and a functional composition disposed over the opacifying layer. The functional composition comprises a tinting material comprising one or more pigments, one or more dyes, or a combination thereof to provide a desired tint or colorant to the entire foamed, opacifying element.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 26, 2018
    Date of Patent: June 30, 2020
    Assignee: EASTMAN KODAK COMPANY
    Inventors: Lloyd Anthony Lobo, Mridula Nair, Kevin M. Donovan
  • Patent number: 10696814
    Abstract: Foamed, opacifying elements are prepared using a foamable aqueous composition containing porous particles and an opacifying colorant. This composition is aerated, disposed onto a substrate, and dried. The dry foamed composition is densified, and cured in either order. At some point after the drying feature, a functional composition is disposed onto either the dry foamed composition or the opacifying layer, and dried. This functional composition has either or both of: (i) inorganic or organic spacer particles having a mode particle size of 1 to 100 ?m, and which inorganic or organic spacer particles resist melt flow at a pressure of up to and including 100 psi (689.5 kPa) and a temperature of up to and including 220° C.; and (iii) a tinting material comprising a pigment, dye, or a combination thereof. The (i) inorganic or organic spacer particles and the (iii) tinting material are different materials.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 26, 2018
    Date of Patent: June 30, 2020
    Assignee: EASTMAN KODAK COMPANY
    Inventors: Mridula Nair, Lloyd Anthony Lobo, Kevin M. Donovan
  • Publication number: 20190390028
    Abstract: A foamed, opacifying element is useful as a light-blocking article, and includes a substrate; an opacifying layer disposed on the substrate, and a functional composition disposed over the opacifying layer. The functional composition comprises a tinting material comprising one or more pigments, one or more dyes, or a combination thereof to provide a desired tint or colorant to the entire foamed, opacifying element.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 26, 2018
    Publication date: December 26, 2019
    Inventors: Lloyd Anthony Lobo, Mridula Nair, Kevin M. Donovan
  • Publication number: 20190390029
    Abstract: Foamed, opacifying elements are prepared using a foamable aqueous composition containing porous particles and an opacifying colorant. This composition is aerated, disposed onto a substrate, and dried. The dry foamed composition is densified, and cured in either order. At some point after the drying feature, a functional composition is disposed onto either the dry foamed composition or the opacifying layer, and dried. This functional composition has either or both of: (i) inorganic or organic spacer particles having a mode particle size of 1 to 100 ?m, and which inorganic or organic spacer particles resist melt flow at a pressure of up to and including 100 psi (689.5 kPa) and a temperature of up to and including 220° C.; and (iii) a tinting material comprising a pigment, dye, or a combination thereof. The (i) inorganic or organic spacer particles and the (iii) tinting material are different materials.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 26, 2018
    Publication date: December 26, 2019
    Inventors: Mridula Nair, Lloyd Anthony Lobo, Kevin M. Donovan
  • Publication number: 20190390027
    Abstract: A foamed, opacifying element useful as a light-blocking article has a substrate; an opacifying layer disposed on the substrate, and a functional composition disposed over the opacifying layer. The functional composition comprises: (i) inorganic or organic spacer particles having a mode particle size of at least 1 ?m and up to and including 100 ?m, and which inorganic or organic spacer particles resist melt flow at a pressure of up to and including 100 psi (689.5 kPa) and a temperature of up to and including 220° C.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 26, 2018
    Publication date: December 26, 2019
    Inventors: Mridula Nair, Lloyd Anthony Lobo, Kevin M. Donovan
  • Patent number: 10472528
    Abstract: A method is used to prepare silver nanoparticles or copper nanoparticles in the form of a silver nanoparticle cellulosic polymeric composite or a copper nanoparticle cellulose polymeric composite, respectively. A cellulosic polymer, organic solvent having a boiling point at atmospheric pressure of 100° C. to 500° C. and a Hansen parameter (?TPolymer) equal to or greater than that of the cellulosic polymer, ascorbic acid, and a nitrogenous base are mixed to form a premix solution. At room temperature or upon heating the premix solution to a temperature of at least 40° C., a solution of reducible silver ions or reducible copper ions is added. The resulting silver or copper nanoparticle composite is cooled, isolated, and re-dispersed in an organic solvent, providing a non-aqueous silver-containing or copper-containing dispersion that can be disposed on a substrate to form an article.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 8, 2017
    Date of Patent: November 12, 2019
    Assignee: Eastman Kodak Company
    Inventors: Deepak Shukla, Kevin M. Donovan, Kevin P. Klubek
  • Patent number: 10444618
    Abstract: A method is used to prepare silver nanoparticles in the form of a silver nanoparticle cellulosic polymeric composite. A cellulosic polymer, organic solvent having a boiling point at atmospheric pressure of 100° C. to 500° C. and a Hansen parameter (?TPolymer) equal to or greater than that of the cellulosic polymer, and a nitrogenous base are mixed to form a premix solution. Upon heating the premix solution to a temperature of at least 75° C., a solution of reducible silver ions is added that is equimolar or less in relation to the nitrogenous base. The weight ratio of reducible silver ions to the cellulosic polymer is 5:1 to 50:1. The resulting silver nanoparticle composite is cooled, isolated, and re-dispersed in an organic solvent, providing a non-aqueous silver-containing dispersion comprising the silver nanoparticle cellulosic polymeric composite.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 25, 2017
    Date of Patent: October 15, 2019
    Assignee: EASTMAN KODAK COMPANY
    Inventors: Deepak Shukla, Kevin M. Donovan, Kevin P. Klubek
  • Publication number: 20190264331
    Abstract: Electrically-conductive silver metal is provided in a pattern on a substrate having a first supporting side and a second opposing supporting side. One or both of the first supporting side and the second opposing supporting side has one or more electrically-conductive silver metal containing patterns containing the electrically-conductive silver metal; an ?-oxy carboxylate; a 5- or 6-membered N-heteroaromatic compound; and a polymer that is either (i) a hydroxy-containing cellulosic polymer or (ii) a non-cellulosic acrylic polymer having a halo- or hydroxy-containing side chain. Such articles can be used in various devices and electrodes.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 14, 2019
    Publication date: August 29, 2019
    Inventors: Deepak Shukla, Kevin M. Donovan, Dianne Marie Meyer
  • Patent number: 10370515
    Abstract: A non-aqueous silver precursor composition is composed of (a) one or more cellulosic polymers; (b) reducible silver ions that are present at a weight ratio to the one or more cellulosic polymers of 5:1 to 50:1; (c) an organic solvent that has a boiling point at atmospheric pressure of at least 100° C. and up to but less than 500° C.; and (d) a nitrogenous base having a pKa in acetonitrile of at least 15 and up to and including 25 at 25° C. The Hansen parameter (?TPolymer) of each cellulosic polymer is less than or equal to the Hansen parameter (?TSolvent) each organic solvent. In addition, the (d) nitrogenous base is present in an equimolar amount or molar excess in relation to the amount of (b) reducible silver ions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 25, 2017
    Date of Patent: August 6, 2019
    Assignee: EASTMAN KODAK COMPANY
    Inventors: Deepak Shukla, Kevin M. Donovan
  • Patent number: 10374178
    Abstract: A semiconductor device can be prepared using a precursor dielectric composition that comprises: (1) a photochemically or thermally crosslinked product of a photocurable or thermally curable thiosulfate-containing polymer that has a Tg of at least 50° C. and that comprises: an organic polymer backbone comprising (a) recurring units comprising pendant thiosulfate groups; and further comprises charge balancing cations, and (2) optionally, an electron-accepting photo sensitizer component. The electronic device can be prepared by independently applying the precursor dielectric composition and an organic semiconductor composition to a substrate to form an applied precursor dielectric composition and an applied organic semiconductor composition, respectively, and subjecting the applied precursor dielectric composition to curing conditions to form a gate dielectric layer that is in physical contact with the applied organic semiconductor composition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 17, 2017
    Date of Patent: August 6, 2019
    Assignee: EASTMAN KODAK COMPANY
    Inventors: Deepak Shukla, Kevin M. Donovan
  • Patent number: 10366800
    Abstract: A method for providing electrically-conductive silver-containing metal in a thin film or one or more thin film patterns on a substrate. Electrically-conductive metallic silver is provided from a non-hydroxylic-solvent soluble silver complex represented by the following formula (I): (Ag+)a(L)b(P)c??(I) wherein L represents an ?-oxy carboxylate; P represents an oxime compound; a is 1 or 2; b is 1 or 2; and c is 1, 2, 3, or 4, provided that when a is 1, b is 1, and when a is 2, b is 2. A photosensitizer can also be present. The reducible silver ions in the photosensitive thin film or photosensitive thin film pattern can be photochemically converted to electrically-conductive metallic silver in the thin films or thin film patterns by irradiation with electromagnetic radiation having a wavelength within the range of at least 150 nm and up to and including 700 nm.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 29, 2016
    Date of Patent: July 30, 2019
    Assignee: EASTMAN KODAK COMPANY
    Inventors: Deepak Shukla, Kevin M. Donovan
  • Patent number: 10364500
    Abstract: Electrically-conductive silver metal can be provided in a thin film or pattern on a substrate from a silver complex having reducing silver ions and represented by: wherein L represents an ?-oxy carboxylate; P represents a primary alkylamine compound; a is 1 or 2; b is 1 or 2; and c is 1, 2, 3, or 4, provided that when a is 1, b is 1, and when a is 2, b is 2. The silver complex is mixed in a hydroxy-free, nitrile-containing aprotic solvent with a polymer that is either (i) a hydroxy-containing cellulosic polymer or (ii) a non-cellulosic acrylic polymer having a halo- or hydroxy-containing side chain. The reducible silver ions in the a thermally sensitive thin film or pattern can be thermally converted to electrically-conductive metallic silver under suitable heating conditions to provide a product article that can be used in various devices.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 14, 2017
    Date of Patent: July 30, 2019
    Assignee: EASTMAN KODAK COMPANY
    Inventors: Deepak Shukla, Kevin M. Donovan, Dianne Marie Meyer
  • Publication number: 20190228873
    Abstract: A product article is prepared from a precursor article that has a substrate and a photosensitive thin film or a photosensitive thin film pattern on a supporting side. The product article have an electrically-conductive silver metal-containing film or thin film patterns, each of which contains electrically-conductive metallicsilver obtained by reduction of silver ions in the precursor article, an ?-oxy carboxylate, an oxime compound, and a photosensitizer that can either reduce reducible silver ions or oxidize the ?-oxy carboxylate.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 28, 2019
    Publication date: July 25, 2019
    Inventors: Deepak Shukla, Kevin M. Donovan
  • Patent number: 10358725
    Abstract: Electrically-conductive silver metal can be provided in a thin film or pattern on a substrate from a silver complex having reducing silver ions and represented by: (Ag+)a(L)b(P)c?? (I) wherein L represents an ?-oxy carboxylate; P represents a 5- or 6-membered N-heteroaromatic compound; a is 1 or 2; b is 1 or 2; and c is 1, 2, 3, or 4, provided that when a is 1, b is 1, and when a is 2, b is 2. The silver complex is mixed in a hydroxy-free, nitrile-containing aprotic solvent with a polymer that is either (i) a hydroxy-containing cellulosic polymer or (ii) a non-cellulosic acrylic polymer having a halo- or hydroxy-containing side chain. The reducible silver ions in the a thermally sensitive thin film or pattern can be thermally converted to electrically-conductive metallic silver under suitable heating conditions to provide a product article that can be used in various devices.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 14, 2017
    Date of Patent: July 23, 2019
    Assignee: EASTMAN KODAK COMPANY
    Inventors: Deepak Shukla, Kevin M. Donovan, Dianne Marie Meyer
  • Patent number: 10356899
    Abstract: A precursor article has a substrate and a photosensitive thin film or a photosensitive thin film pattern on a supporting side. The photosensitive thin film and each photosensitive thin film patterns comprises a non-hydroxylic-solvent soluble silver complex that is represented by the following formula (I): (Ag+)a(L)b(P)c?? (I) wherein L represents an ?-oxy carboxylate; P represents a 5- or 6-membered N-heteroaromatic compound; a is 1 or 2; b is 1 or 2; and c is 1, 2, 3, or 4, provided that when a is 1, b is 1, and when a is 2, b is 2. A photosensitizer that can either reduce the reducible silver ion or oxidize the ?-oxy carboxylate having a reduction potential can also be present. Such precursor articles can be irradiated with UV-visible radiation to reduce the silver ions to provide electrically-conductive metallic silver in thin films or thin film patterns in product articles or devices.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 9, 2016
    Date of Patent: July 16, 2019
    Assignee: EASTMAN KODAK COMPANY
    Inventors: Deepak Shukla, Mark R. Mis, Thomas Robert Welter, Kevin P. Klubek, Kevin M. Donovan
  • Patent number: 10314173
    Abstract: A precursor article has a substrate and a photosensitive thin film or photosensitive thin film pattern on one or both supporting sides. A non-hydroxylic-solvent soluble silver complex is present that is represented by the following formula (I): (Ag+)a(L)b(P)c?? (I) wherein L represents an ?-oxy carboxylate; P represents a primary alkylamine; a is 1 or 2; b is 1 or 2; and c is 1, 2, 3, or 4, provided that when a is 1, b is 1, and when a is 2, b is 2. A photosensitizer can also be present to enhance photosensitivity for conversion of reducible silver ions to electrically-conductive silver metal in a resulting product article or device. The electrically-conductive silver metal can be provided as a uniform electrically-conductive silver metal-containing thin film or layer, or as one or more electrically-conductive silver metal-containing thin film patterns.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 9, 2016
    Date of Patent: June 4, 2019
    Assignee: EASTMAN KODAK COMPANY
    Inventors: Deepak Shukla, Mark R. Mis, Thomas Robert Welter, Kevin M. Donovan
  • Publication number: 20190136074
    Abstract: A method is used to prepare silver nanoparticles or copper nanoparticles in the form of a silver nanoparticle cellulosic polymeric composite or a copper nanoparticle cellulose polymeric composite, respectively. A cellulosic polymer, organic solvent having a boiling point at atmospheric pressure of 100° C. to 500° C. and a Hansen parameter (?TPolymer) equal to or greater than that of the cellulosic polymer, ascorbic acid, and a nitrogenous base are mixed to form a premix solution. At room temperature or upon heating the premix solution to a temperature of at least 40° C., a solution of reducible silver ions or reducible copper ions is added. The resulting silver or copper nanoparticle composite is cooled, isolated, and re-dispersed in an organic solvent, providing a non-aqueous silver-containing or copper-containing dispersion that can be disposed on a substrate to form an article.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 8, 2017
    Publication date: May 9, 2019
    Inventors: Deepak Shukla, Kevin M. Donovan, Kevin P. Klubek
  • Patent number: 10246561
    Abstract: A method is used to prepare silver nanoparticle cellulosic polymer composites. A cellulosic polymer, reducible silver ions in an amount of a weight ratio to the cellulosic polymer of 5:1 to 50:1, and an organic solvent are mixed. Each organic solvent has a boiling point at atmospheric pressure of 100° C. to 500° C. The Hansen parameter (?TPolymer) of the cellulosic polymer is less than or equal to the Hansen parameter (?TSolvent) of the organic solvent. The resulting premix solution is heated to at least 75° C., and a (d) nitrogenous base is added to provide a concentration of the nitrogenous base in an equimolar amount or in molar excess in relation to the amount of reducible silver ions, thereby forming a silver nanoparticle cellulosic polymer composite. After cooling, the silver nanoparticle cellulosic polymer composite is isolated and re-dispersed in an organic solvent to provide a non-aqueous silver-containing dispersion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 25, 2017
    Date of Patent: April 2, 2019
    Assignee: EASTMAN KODAK COMPANY
    Inventors: Deepak Shukla, Kevin M. Donovan