Patents by Inventor Kevin M. Donovan

Kevin M. Donovan has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Publication number: 20190092647
    Abstract: A non-aqueous silver-containing dispersion is prepared containing a silver nanoparticle composite comprising silver and a cellulosic polymers so that the silver nanoparticle composite is present at a weight ratio to a cellulosic polymers of at least 5:1 and up to and including 50:1. This dispersion also contains an organic solvent that has a boiling point, at atmospheric pressure, of 100° C. to 500° C. The Hansen parameter (?TPolymer) of the cellulosic polymer is less than or equal to the Hansen parameter (?TSolvent) of the organic solvent. A nitrogenous base having a pKa in acetonitrile of 15 to 25 at 25° C. is also present in an equimolar amount or molar excess in relation to the amount of silver.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 25, 2017
    Publication date: March 28, 2019
    Inventors: DEEPAK SHUKLA, KEVIN M. DONOVAN
  • Publication number: 20190092923
    Abstract: A non-aqueous silver precursor composition is composed of (a) one or more cellulosic polymers; (b) reducible silver ions that are present at a weight ratio to the one or more cellulosic polymers of 5:1 to 50:1; (c) an organic solvent that has a boiling point at atmospheric pressure of at least 100° C. and up to but less than 500° C.; and (d) a nitrogenous base having a pKa in acetonitrile of at least 15 and up to and including 25 at 25° C. The Hansen parameter (?TPolymer) of each cellulosic polymer is less than or equal to the Hansen parameter (?TSolvent) each organic solvent. In addition, the (d) nitrogenous base is present in an equimolar amount or molar excess in relation to the amount of (b) reducible silver ions.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 25, 2017
    Publication date: March 28, 2019
    Inventors: Deepak Shukla, Kevin M. Donovan
  • Publication number: 20190094679
    Abstract: A method is used to prepare silver nanoparticles in the form of a silver nanoparticle cellulosic polymeric composite. A cellulosic polymer, organic solvent having a boiling point at atmospheric pressure of 100° C. to 500° C. and a Hansen parameter (?TPolymer) equal to or greater than that of the cellulosic polymer, and a nitrogenous base are mixed to form a premix solution. Upon heating the premix solution to a temperature of at least 75° C., a solution of reducible silver ions is added that is equimolar or less in relation to the nitrogenous base. The weight ratio of reducible silver ions to the cellulosic polymer is 5:1 to 50:1. The resulting silver nanoparticle composite is cooled, isolated, and re-dispersed in an organic solvent, providing a non-aqueous silver-containing dispersion comprising the silver nanoparticle cellulosic polymeric composite.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 25, 2017
    Publication date: March 28, 2019
    Inventors: Deepak Shukla, Kevin M. Donovan, Kevin P. Klubek
  • Patent number: 10214657
    Abstract: A non-aqueous silver precursor composition contains at least 1 weight % of one or more (a) polymers that are certain cellulosic polymers; (b) reducible silver ions; and (c) an organic solvent medium consisting of: (i) a hydroxylic organic solvent having an ?-hydrogen atom and a boiling point at atmospheric pressure of 100-500° C., and, optionally, (ii) a nitrile-containing aprotic solvent or a carbonate-containing aprotic solvent different from the (i) organic solvent, each having a boiling point at atmospheric pressure of 100-500° C. The (b) reducible silver ions are present in an amount of 0.1-400 weight %, based on the total weight of the one or more (a) polymers. This composition can be used to form silver nanoparticles under silver ion reducing conditions and then applied to various substrates to provide silver nanoparticle patterns.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 13, 2017
    Date of Patent: February 26, 2019
    Assignee: EASTMAN KODAK COMPANY
    Inventors: Deepak Shukla, Kevin M. Donovan, Jeffrey R. Gillmor
  • Patent number: 10174425
    Abstract: A non-aqueous stannous alkoxide composition comprises: component (a) comprising a water-insoluble stannous alkoxide complex comprising stannous ions in an amount of at least 1 weight %, and a photocurable component (b), non-photocurable water-insoluble polymer component (c) having a molecular weight of at least 10,000, or both the photocurable component (b) and the non-photocurable water-insoluble polymer component (c). When photocurable component (b) is present, the non-aqueous stannous alkoxide composition further comprises photosensitizer component (d) that is different from all of components (a) through (c), in an amount of at least 1 weight %. These compositions can be used to prepare silver particles as “seed” catalysts in various articles that can then be used for other purposes such as electroless plating.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 22, 2015
    Date of Patent: January 8, 2019
    Assignee: EASTMAN KODAK COMPANY
    Inventors: Deepak Shukla, Kevin M. Donovan
  • Publication number: 20180362547
    Abstract: Electrically-conductive silver metal can be provided in a thin film or pattern on a substrate from a silver complex having reducing silver ions and represented by: (Ag+)a(L)b(P)c?? (I) wherein L represents an ?-oxy carboxylate; P represents a 5- or 6-membered N-heteroaromatic compound; a is 1 or 2; b is 1 or 2; and c is 1, 2, 3, or 4, provided that when a is 1, b is 1, and when a is 2, b is 2. The silver complex is mixed in a hydroxy-free, nitrile-containing aprotic solvent with a polymer that is either (i) a hydroxy-containing cellulosic polymer or (ii) a non-cellulosic acrylic polymer having a halo- or hydroxy-containing side chain. The reducible silver ions in the a thermally sensitive thin film or pattern can be thermally converted to electrically-conductive metallic silver under suitable heating conditions to provide a product article that can be used in various devices.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 14, 2017
    Publication date: December 20, 2018
    Inventors: Deepak Shukla, Kevin M. Donovan, Dianne Marie Meyer
  • Publication number: 20180362548
    Abstract: Electrically-conductive silver metal can be provided in a thin film or pattern on a substrate from a silver complex having reducing silver ions and represented by: wherein L represents an ?-oxy carboxylate; P represents a primary alkylamine compound; a is 1 or 2; b is 1 or 2; and c is 1, 2, 3, or 4, provided that when a is 1, b is 1, and when a is 2, b is 2. The silver complex is mixed in a hydroxy-free, nitrile-containing aprotic solvent with a polymer that is either (i) a hydroxy-containing cellulosic polymer or (ii) a non-cellulosic acrylic polymer having a halo- or hydroxy-containing side chain. The reducible silver ions in the a thermally sensitive thin film or pattern can be thermally converted to electrically-conductive metallic silver under suitable heating conditions to provide a product article that can be used in various devices.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 14, 2017
    Publication date: December 20, 2018
    Inventors: Deepak Shukla, Kevin M. Donovan, Dianne Marie Meyer
  • Patent number: 10087331
    Abstract: A method for providing electrically-conductive silver-containing metal in a thin film or one or more thin film patterns on a substrate. Electrically-conductive metallic silver is provided from a non-hydroxylic-solvent soluble silver complex represented by the following formula (I): (Ag+)a(L)b(P)c?? (I) wherein L represents an ?-oxy carboxylate; P represents a 5- or 6-membered N-heteroaromatic compound; a is 1 or 2; b is 1 or 2; and c is 1, 2, 3, or 4, provided that when a is 1, b is 1, and when a is 2, b is 2. A photosensitizer can also be present. The reducible silver ions in the photosensitive thin film or photosensitive thin film pattern can be photochemically converted to electrically-conductive metallic silver in the thin films or thin film patterns by irradiation with electromagnetic radiation having a wavelength within the range of at least 150 nm and up to and including 700 nm.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 9, 2016
    Date of Patent: October 2, 2018
    Assignee: EASTMAN KODAK COMPANY
    Inventors: Deepak Shukla, Jerome Robert Lenhard, Mark R. Mis, Kevin M. Donovan
  • Publication number: 20180258307
    Abstract: An article has a substrate and a pattern of a dry silver nanoparticle-containing composition comprising at least 20 weight % of one or more (a) polymers, that are cellulosic polymers; (d) silver nanoparticles having a mean particle size of 25-750 nm and present in an amount of 0.1-400 weight %, based on the total weight of the one or more (a) polymers; and (e) carbon black in an amount of 5-50 weight %, based on the total weight of the one or more (a) polymers. Such patterns can have multiple fine lines of any geometric arrangement. The article can have multiple patterns of this type, and each pattern can be electrolessly plated with a suitable metal such as copper to provide electrically-conductive product articles.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 13, 2017
    Publication date: September 13, 2018
    Inventors: Deepak Shukla, Kevin M. Donovan
  • Publication number: 20180258306
    Abstract: A non-aqueous silver precursor composition contains at least 1 weight % of one or more (a) polymers that are certain cellulosic polymers; (b) reducible silver ions; and(c) an organic solvent medium consisting of: (i) a hydroxylic organic solvent having an ?-hydrogen atom and a boiling point at atmospheric pressure of 100-500° C., and, optionally, (ii) a nitrile-containing aprotic solvent or a carbonate-containing aprotic solvent different from the (i) organic solvent, each having a boiling point at atmospheric pressure of 100-500° C. The (b) reducible silver ions are present in an amount of 0.1-400 weight %, based on the total weight of the one or more (a) polymers. This composition can be used to form silver nanoparticles under silver ion reducing conditions and then applied to various substrates to provide silver nanoparticle patterns.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 13, 2017
    Publication date: September 13, 2018
    Inventors: Deepak Shukla, Kevin M. Donovan, Jeffrey R. Gillmor
  • Publication number: 20180258305
    Abstract: Articles can be prepared having silver layers or patterns using a non-aqueous silver precursor composition consisting essentially of: at least 1 weight % of one or more (a) cellulosic polymers, (b) at least 0.1 weight % of reducible silver ions, and (c) an organic solvent medium consisting of: (i) one or more hydroxylic organic solvents, and, optionally, (ii) a nitrile-containing or carbonate-containing aprotic solvent. This composition is subjected to a temperature of at least 20° C. for a time sufficient to convert at least 90 mol % of the (b) reducible silver ions to (d) silver nanoparticles having a mean particle size of at least 25 nm and up to and including 750 nm. Additional (ii) nitrile-containing or carbonate-containing aprotic solvent can be added, and (e) carbon black can be added sufficient to provide at least 5 weight % carbon black.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 13, 2017
    Publication date: September 13, 2018
    Inventors: Deepak Shukla, Kevin M. Donovan
  • Publication number: 20180147602
    Abstract: A method for providing electrically-conductive silver-containing metal in a thin film or one or more thin film patterns on a substrate. Electrically-conductive metallic silver is provided from a non-hydroxylic-solvent soluble silver complex represented by the following formula (I): (Ag+)a(L)b(P)c ??(I) wherein L represents an ?-oxy carboxylate; P represents an oxime compound; a is 1 or 2; b is 1 or 2; and c is 1, 2, 3, or 4, provided that when a is 1, b is 1, and when a is 2, b is 2. A photosensitizer can also be present. The reducible silver ions in the photosensitive thin film or photosensitive thin film pattern can be photochemically converted to electrically-conductive metallic silver in the thin films or thin film patterns by irradiation with electromagnetic radiation having a wavelength within the range of at least 150 nm and up to and including 700 nm.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 29, 2016
    Publication date: May 31, 2018
    Inventors: Deepak Shukla, Kevin M. Donovan
  • Publication number: 20180151265
    Abstract: A precursor article has a substrate and a photosensitive thin film or a photosensitive thin film pattern on a supporting side. The photosensitive thin film and each photosensitive thin film patterns comprises a non-hydroxylic-solvent soluble silver complex that is represented by the following formula (I): (Ag+)a(L)b(P)c ??(I) wherein L represents an ?-oxy carboxylate; P represents an oxime compound; a is 1 or 2; b is 1 or 2; and c is 1, 2, 3, or 4, provided that when a is 1, b is 1, and when a is 2, b is 2. A photosensitizer that can either reduce the reducible silver ion or oxidize the ?-oxy carboxylate having a reduction potential can also be present. Such precursor articles can be irradiated with UV-visible radiation to reduce the silver ions to provide electrically-conductive metallic silver in thin films or thin film patterns in product articles or devices.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 29, 2016
    Publication date: May 31, 2018
    Inventors: Deepak Shukla, Kevin M. Donovan
  • Patent number: 9982349
    Abstract: A method for making electrically-conductive articles utilizes a non-aqueous metal catalytic composition that includes: (a) a silver complex comprising reducible silver ions, (b) a silver ion photoreducing composition, (c) a photocurable component, non-curable polymer, or combination of a photocurable component and a non-curable polymer, and (d) nanoparticles of a semi-conducting metal oxide in an amount of at least 0.1 weight %. This composition can be disposed on a substrate, uniformly or in a patternwise fashion. The composition can be dried and then exposed to suitable radiation to reduce the reducible silver ions to silver particles that can then be electrolessly plated with a metal to provide an electrically-conductive article.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 11, 2015
    Date of Patent: May 29, 2018
    Assignee: EASTMAN KODAK COMPANY
    Inventors: Deepak Shukla, Kevin M. Donovan
  • Publication number: 20180049320
    Abstract: A precursor article has a substrate and a photosensitive thin film or a photosensitive thin film pattern on a supporting side. The photosensitive thin film and each photosensitive thin film patterns comprises a non-hydroxylic-solvent soluble silver complex that is represented by the following formula (I): (Ag+)a(L)b(P)c?? (I) wherein L represents an ?-oxy carboxylate; P represents a 5- or 6-membered N-heteroaromatic compound; a is 1 or 2; b is 1 or 2; and c is 1, 2, 3, or 4, provided that when a is 1, b is 1, and when a is 2, b is 2. A photosensitizer that can either reduce the reducible silver ion or oxidize the ?-oxy carboxylate having a reduction potential can also be present. Such precursor articles can be irradiated with UV-visible radiation to reduce the silver ions to provide electrically-conductive metallic silver in thin films or thin film patterns in product articles or devices.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 9, 2016
    Publication date: February 15, 2018
    Inventors: Deepak Shukla, Mark R. Mis, Thomas Robert Welter, Kevin P. Klubek, Kevin M. Donovan
  • Publication number: 20180049321
    Abstract: A method is used to provide electrically-conductive silver metal from a photosensitive thin film or photosensitive thin film pattern on a substrate using a non-hydroxylic-solvent soluble silver complex represented by the following formula (I): (Ag+)a(L)b(P)c??(I) wherein L represents an ?-oxy carboxylate; P represents a primary alkylamine; a is 1 or 2; b is 1 or 2; and c is 1, 2, 3, or 4, provided that when a is 1, b is 1, and when a is 2, b is 2. A photosensitizer can also be present with the complex. The reducible silver ions in the photosensitive thin film or photosensitive thin film pattern photochemically can be reduced to provide electrically-conductive silver metal by irradiation with UV-visible electromagnetic radiation.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 9, 2016
    Publication date: February 15, 2018
    Inventors: Deepak Shukla, Jerome Robert Lenhard, Mark R. Mis, Kevin M. Donovan
  • Publication number: 20180044543
    Abstract: A method for providing electrically-conductive silver-containing metal in a thin film or one or more thin film patterns on a substrate. Electrically-conductive metallic silver is provided from a non-hydroxylic-solvent soluble silver complex represented by the following formula (I): (Ag+)a(L)b(P)c?? (I) wherein L represents an ?-oxy carboxylate; P represents a 5- or 6-membered N-heteroaromatic compound; a is 1 or 2; b is 1 or 2; and c is 1, 2, 3, or 4, provided that when a is 1, b is 1, and when a is 2, b is 2. A photosensitizer can also be present. The reducible silver ions in the photosensitive thin film or photosensitive thin film pattern can be photochemically converted to electrically-conductive metallic silver in the thin films or thin film patterns by irradiation with electromagnetic radiation having a wavelength within the range of at least 150 nm and up to and including 700 nm.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 9, 2016
    Publication date: February 15, 2018
    Inventors: Deepak Shukla, Jerome Robert Lenhard, Mark R. Mis, Kevin M. Donovan
  • Publication number: 20180049322
    Abstract: A precursor article has a substrate and a photosensitive thin film or photosensitive thin film pattern on one or both supporting sides. A non-hydroxylic-solvent soluble silver complex is present that is represented by the following formula (1): (Ag+)a(L)b(P)c?? (I) wherein L represents an ?-oxy carboxylate; P represents a primary alkylamine; a is 1 or 2; b is 1 or 2; and c is 1, 2, 3, or 4, provided that when a is 1, b is 1, and when a is 2, b is 2. A photosensitizer can also be present to enhance photosensitivity for conversion of reducible silver ions to electrically-conductive silver metal in a resulting product article or device. The electrically-conductive silver metal can be provided as a uniform electrically-conductive silver metal-containing thin film or layer, or as one or more electrically-conductive silver metal-containing thin film patterns.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 9, 2016
    Publication date: February 15, 2018
    Inventors: DEEPAK SHUKLA, Mark R. Mis, Thomas Robert Welter, Kevin M. Donovan
  • Publication number: 20170222167
    Abstract: A semiconductor device can be prepared using a precursor dielectric composition that comprises: (1) a photochemically or thermally crosslinked product of a photocurable or thermally curable thiosulfate-containing polymer that has a Tg of at least 50° C. and that comprises: an organic polymer backbone comprising (a) recurring units comprising pendant thiosulfate groups; and further comprises charge balancing cations, and (2) optionally, an electron-accepting photo sensitizer component. The electronic device can be prepared by independently applying the precursor dielectric composition and an organic semiconductor composition to a substrate to form an applied precursor dielectric composition and an applied organic semiconductor composition, respectively, and subjecting the applied precursor dielectric composition to curing conditions to form a gate dielectric layer that is in physical contact with the applied organic semiconductor composition.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 17, 2017
    Publication date: August 3, 2017
    Inventors: Deepak Shukla, Kevin M. Donovan
  • Patent number: 9691997
    Abstract: A semiconductor device can be prepared with a gate dielectric layer that comprises: (1) a photochemically or thermally crosslinked product of a photocurable or thermally curable thiosulfate-containing polymer that has a Tg of at least 50° C. and that comprises: an organic polymer backbone comprising (a) recurring units comprising pendant thiosulfate groups; and further comprises charge balancing cations, and (2) optionally, an electron-accepting photosensitizer component.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 11, 2014
    Date of Patent: June 27, 2017
    Assignee: EASTMAN KODAK COMPANY
    Inventors: Deepak Shukla, Kevin M. Donovan