Patents by Inventor Krishna P. Singh

Krishna P. Singh has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Publication number: 20180277264
    Abstract: A passively-cooled spent nuclear fuel pool system in one embodiment includes a containment vessel comprising a thermally conductive shell and an annular reservoir surrounding the shell that holds a liquid coolant forming a heat sink. A spent fuel pool is disposed inside the containment vessel and includes a body of water in contact with a first peripheral sidewall of the fuel pool. At least one spent nuclear fuel rod submerged in the body of water heats the water. The first peripheral sidewall of the spent fuel pool is formed by a portion of the shell of the containment vessel adjacent to the fuel pool, thereby defining a shared common heat transfer wall. The heat transfer wall operates to transfer heat from the body of water in the spent fuel pool to the heat sink to cool the body of water. The heat transfer wall comprises metal in one embodiment.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 4, 2018
    Publication date: September 27, 2018
    Inventors: Krishna P. Singh, Joseph Rajkumar
  • Publication number: 20180277269
    Abstract: A system for storing nuclear fuel, the system including a storage rack and a bearing pad. The storage rack includes an array of cells, each cell configured to receive and store nuclear fuel rods, a base plate configured to support the array of cells, and a support structure configured to support the base plate and to allow cooling fluid to circulate under and up through apertures in the base plate. The bearing pad is coupled to the support structure and is configured to limit lateral movement of the storage rack independent from lateral movement of the bearing pad. The base plate defines a base plate profile in a horizontal plane of the base plate, and the bearing pad defines a bearing pad profile in the horizontal plane of the base plate, wherein the bearing pad profile extends outside of the base plate profile.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 8, 2018
    Publication date: September 27, 2018
    Inventors: Krishna P. SINGH, Charles W. Bullard, II
  • Publication number: 20180277273
    Abstract: A canister apparatus, basket apparatus and combinations thereof for transporting and/or storing high level radioactive waste, such as spent nuclear fuel. In one embodiment, the invention can be a basket apparatus for supporting a plurality of spent nuclear fuel rods within a containment structure, the basket apparatus comprising a plurality of disk-like grates, each disk-like grate having a plurality of cells formed by a gridwork of beams; and means for supporting the disk-like grates in a spaced arrangement with respect to one another and so that the cells of the disk-like grates are aligned.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 7, 2018
    Publication date: September 27, 2018
    Inventors: Krishna P. Singh, Stephen J. Agace
  • Publication number: 20180254113
    Abstract: A nuclear reactor cooling system with passive cooling capabilities operable during a loss-of-coolant accident (LOCA) without available electric power. The system includes a reactor vessel with nuclear fuel core located in a reactor well. An in-containment water storage tank is fluidly coupled to the reactor well and holds an inventory of cooling water. During a LOCA event, the tank floods the reactor well with water. Eventually, the water heated by decay heat from the reactor vaporizes producing steam. The steam flows to an in-containment heat exchanger and condenses. The condensate is returned to the reactor well in a closed flow loop system in which flow may circulate solely via gravity from changes in phase and density of the water. In one embodiment, the heat exchanger may be an array of heat dissipater ducts mounted on the wall of the inner containment vessel surrounded by a heat sink.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 21, 2018
    Publication date: September 6, 2018
    Inventors: Krishna P. Singh, Joseph Rajkumar
  • Publication number: 20180247720
    Abstract: A seismic-resistant fuel storage system for a nuclear fuel pool includes a lined fuel pool and a fuel rack comprising tubular nuclear fuel storage cells attached to a common baseplate. Pedestals protrude downwardly from the baseplate supporting the rack on the pool base slab. Spaced embedment plates are fixedly anchored to the base slab to eliminate relative movement between the plates and pool liner. The embedment plates comprise upwardly open recessed receptacles each entrapping one of the rack pedestals therein. The receptacles are configured such that lateral movement of the fuel rack along the base slab in the event of a seismic event is constrained via engagement between receptacle walls and pedestals. Lateral seismic loads are not transferred to the pool liner. In some embodiments, the baseplates in the pool are coplanar and may be abutting engaged to mitigate rack movement during a seismic event.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 9, 2017
    Publication date: August 30, 2018
    Inventor: Krishna P. Singh
  • Patent number: 10049777
    Abstract: A system and method for storing high level radioactive waste, such as spent nuclear fuel. In one embodiment, the invention is a method of storing high level radioactive waste comprising: a) positioning a metal canister containing high level radioactive waste having a heat generation rate in a storage cavity of a ventilated system comprising a cask body, a cask lid positioned atop the cask body, at least one outlet duct extending from a top of the storage cavity to an ambient atmosphere, and a plurality of inlet ducts, each of the inlet ducts extending from a first opening in the outer surface of the cask body to a second opening in the inner surface of the cask, body; and b) sealing selected ones of the plurality of inlet ducts over time as a function of a decay of the heat generation rate to maintain more a predetermined percentage of a vertical height of the metal canister above a predetermined threshold temperature.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 14, 2012
    Date of Patent: August 14, 2018
    Inventor: Krishna P. Singh
  • Patent number: 10037826
    Abstract: A fuel rack apparatus includes: a base plate having an upper surface and a lower surface; and a plurality of storage tubes coupled to and extending upward from the upper surface of the base plate, the storage tubes arranged in a side-by-side arrangement to form an array of the storage tubes. Each of the storage tubes extend along a longitudinal axis and include: an outer tube having an inner surface defining an inner cavity; and an inner plate-assemblage positioned within the outer tube that divides the inner cavity into a plurality of interior flux trap chambers and a fuel storage cell.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 28, 2015
    Date of Patent: July 31, 2018
    Inventors: Krishna P. Singh, P. Stefan Anton
  • Patent number: 10026514
    Abstract: A canister apparatus, basket apparatus and combinations thereof for transporting and/or storing high level radioactive waste, such as spent nuclear fuel. In one embodiment, the invention can be a basket apparatus for supporting a plurality of spent nuclear fuel rods within a containment structure, the basket apparatus comprising a plurality of disk-like grates, each disk-like grate having a plurality of cells formed by a gridwork of beams; and means for supporting the disk-like grates in a spaced arrangement with respect to one another and so that the cells of the disk-like grates are aligned.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 6, 2015
    Date of Patent: July 17, 2018
    Inventors: Krishna P. Singh, Stephen J. Agace
  • Publication number: 20180190401
    Abstract: Systems and methods for storing spent nuclear fuel below grade that afford adequate ventilation of the spent fuel storage cavity. In one aspect, the invention is a system comprising: a shell forming a cavity for receiving a canister of spent nuclear fuel, at least a portion of the shell positioned below grade; and at least one inlet ventilation duct extending from an above grade inlet to a below grade outlet at or near a bottom of the cavity; the inlet ventilation duct connected to the shell so that the cavity is hermetically sealed to ingress of below grade fluids.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 29, 2018
    Publication date: July 5, 2018
    Inventor: Krishna P. Singh
  • Publication number: 20180190398
    Abstract: A passively-cooled spent nuclear fuel pool system and method therefor. In one embodiment, the invention can be a passively-cooled spent nuclear fuel pool system comprising: a spent nuclear fuel pool comprising a body of liquid water having a surface level, at least one spent nuclear fuel rod submerged in the body of liquid water that heats the body of liquid water; a lid covering the spent nuclear fuel pool to create a hermetically sealed vapor space between the surface level of the body of liquid water and the lid; and a passive heat exchange sub-system fluidly coupled to the vapor space, the passive heat exchange sub-system configured to: (1) receive water vapor from the vapor space; (2) remove thermal energy from the received water vapor, thereby condensing the water vapor to form a condensed water vapor; and (3) return the condensed water vapor to the body of liquid water.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 30, 2018
    Publication date: July 5, 2018
    Inventors: Krishna P. Singh, Joseph Rajkumar
  • Patent number: 10008296
    Abstract: A passively-cooled spent nuclear fuel pool system in one embodiment includes a containment vessel comprising a thermally conductive shell and an annular reservoir surrounding the shell that holds a liquid coolant forming a heat sink. A spent fuel pool is disposed inside the containment vessel and includes a body of water in contact with a peripheral sidewall of the fuel pool. At least one spent nuclear fuel rod submerged in the body of water heats the water. The peripheral sidewall of the spent fuel pool is formed by a portion of the shell of the containment vessel adjacent to the fuel pool, thereby defining a shared common heat transfer wall. The heat transfer wall operates to transfer heat from the body of water in the spent fuel pool to the heat sink to cool the body of water. The heat transfer wall comprises metal in one embodiment.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 15, 2015
    Date of Patent: June 26, 2018
    Inventors: Krishna P. Singh, Joseph Rajkumar
  • Patent number: 9991010
    Abstract: A system for storing nuclear fuel, the system including a storage rack and a bearing pad. The storage rack includes an array of cells, each cell configured to receive and store nuclear fuel rods, a base plate configured to support the array of cells, and a support structure configured to support the base plate and to allow cooling fluid to circulate under and up through apertures in the base plate. The bearing pad is coupled to the support structure and is configured to limit lateral movement of the storage rack independent from lateral movement of the bearing pad. The base plate defines a base plate profile in a horizontal plane of the base plate, and the bearing pad defines a bearing pad profile in the horizontal plane of the base plate, wherein the bearing pad profile extends outside of the base plate profile.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 28, 2013
    Date of Patent: June 5, 2018
    Inventors: Krishna P. Singh, Charles W. Bullard, II
  • Publication number: 20180144838
    Abstract: A nuclear steam supply system includes an elongated reactor vessel having an internal cavity with a central axis, a reactor core having nuclear fuel disposed within the internal cavity, and a steam generating vessel having at least one heat exchanger section, the steam generating vessel being fluidicly coupled to the reactor vessel. The reactor vessel includes a shell having an upper flange portion and a head having a head flange portion. The upper flange portion is coupled to the head flange portion, wherein the upper flange portion extends into the internal cavity, and the head flange portion extends outward from the internal cavity.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 2, 2018
    Publication date: May 24, 2018
    Inventors: Krishna P. Singh, Joseph Rajkumar
  • Publication number: 20180144841
    Abstract: An underground ventilated system for storing nuclear waste materials. The system includes a storage module having an outer shell defining an internal cavity and an inner shell. A majority of the height of the outer shell may be disposed below grade. The outer shell may include a hermetically sealed bottom. First and second canisters are positioned in lower and upper portions within the cavity respectively in vertically stacked relationship. A centering and spacing ring assembly is interspersed between the first and second canisters to transfer the weight of the upper second canister to the lower first canister. The assembly may include centering lugs which laterally restrain the first and second canisters in case of a seismic event. A natural convection driven ventilated air system cools the canisters to remove residual decay heat to the atmosphere. In one non-limiting embodiment, the shells are made of steel.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 12, 2017
    Publication date: May 24, 2018
    Inventor: Krishna P. Singh
  • Publication number: 20180144835
    Abstract: A portable nuclear fuel cartridge comprising a unitary support structure and a plurality of nuclear fuel assemblies that collectively form a nuclear fuel core. The nuclear fuel core is integrated into the unitary support structure to collectively form a self-supporting assemblage than can be lifted as a single unit. In another aspect, the invention is a method of fueling and/or defueling a nuclear reactor utilizing a nuclear fuel cartridge that is loaded and/or unloaded from the nuclear reactor as a single unit. In another aspect, a nuclear reactor core is provided that comprises a nuclear fuel core comprising: a plurality of first nuclear fuel assemblies, each of the plurality of first nuclear fuel assemblies having a first transverse cross-sectional configuration; and a plurality of second nuclear fuel assemblies, each of the plurality of second nuclear fuel assemblies having a second transverse cross-sectional configuration that is different than the first transverse cross-sectional configuration.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 27, 2017
    Publication date: May 24, 2018
    Inventors: Krishna P. SINGH, P. Stefan ANTON, Peter STEFANOVIC
  • Publication number: 20180122527
    Abstract: An apparatus for supporting spent nuclear fuel. The apparatus may include a basket apparatus that is designed to be inserted into a cavity of a container or cask. The basket apparatus may be formed by arranging a plurality of slotted plates in an intersecting manner. The slotted plates may form fuel cells for storing fuel assemblies with spent nuclear fuel rods therein and flux trap spaces between adjacent ones of the fuel cells. Furthermore, the apparatus may include reinforcement members positioned in the flux traps to increase the structural strength of the basket apparatus.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 4, 2016
    Publication date: May 3, 2018
    Inventors: Krishna P. Singh, P. Stefan Anton, Richard M. Springman
  • Patent number: 9922740
    Abstract: A nuclear power generation system and related power cycle are disclosed, in one embodiment, the system includes primary coolant circulation through a hydraulically interconnected reactor containing nuclear fuel and a steam generating vessel collectively defining a steam supply system. Liquid secondary coolant for the power cycle flows through the steam generating vessel and is converted to steam by the primary coolant to drive a low pressure turbine of a turbine-generator set. Steam exiting the turbine is condensed and heated prior to return to the steam supply system, thereby completing a secondary coolant flow loop. In one embodiment, a majority of the secondary coolant heating occurs within the steam generating vessel via heat exchange with the primary coolant rather than externally in the secondary coolant flow loop. This creates a temperature differential between the primary and secondary coolant sufficient to create natural thermally induced convective circulation of the primary coolant.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 25, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 20, 2018
    Inventors: Krishna P. Singh, Joseph Rajkumar
  • Patent number: 9916911
    Abstract: Systems and methods for storing spent nuclear fuel below grade that afford adequate ventilation of the spent fuel storage cavity. In one aspect, the invention is a system comprising: a shell forming a cavity for receiving a canister of spent nuclear fuel, at least a portion of the shell positioned below grade; and at least one inlet ventilation duct extending from an above grade inlet to a below grade outlet at or near a bottom of the cavity; the inlet ventilation duct connected to the shell so that the cavity is hermetically sealed to ingress of below grade fluids.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 6, 2014
    Date of Patent: March 13, 2018
    Inventor: Krishna P. Singh
  • Patent number: 9916910
    Abstract: A passively-cooled spent nuclear fuel pool system comprising: a spent nuclear fuel pool comprising a body of liquid water having a surface level, at least one spent nuclear fuel rod submerged therein that heats the water; a lid covering the spent nuclear fuel pool to create a hermetically sealed vapor space between the surface level and the lid; and a passive heat exchange sub-system including a riser conduit comprising first and second riser inlet sections and a primary riser section that receives water vapor therefrom. Each riser inlet section has a respective inlet positioned in a respective section of the vapor space. A downcomer receives and condenses water vapor from the primary section forming condensed water vapor. A return conduit fluidly coupled to the downcomer and having an outlet located in the body of liquid water returns the condensed water vapor thereto.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 12, 2015
    Date of Patent: March 13, 2018
    Inventors: Krishna P. Singh, Joseph Rajkumar
  • Publication number: 20180068751
    Abstract: A nuclear reactor in one embodiment includes a cylindrical body having an internal cavity, a nuclear fuel core, and a shroud disposed in the cavity. The shroud comprises an inner shell, an outer shell, and a plurality of intermediate shells disposed between the inner and outer shells. Pluralities of annular cavities are formed between the inner and outer shells which are filled with primary coolant such as demineralized water. The coolant-filled annular cavities may be sealed at the top and bottom and provide an insulating effect to the shroud. In one embodiment, the shroud may comprise a plurality of vertically-stacked self-supported shroud segments which are coupled together.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 26, 2017
    Publication date: March 8, 2018
    Inventors: Krishna P. Singh, Indresh Rampall, Joseph Gerald Leo Rajkumar