Patents by Inventor Manfred Kohler

Manfred Kohler has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Patent number: 5721292
    Abstract: Compounds of formula (I), in which X is oxygen or sulfur, R.sub.1, R.sub.2 and R.sub.3 independently of one another are a group (a), C.sub.2 -C.sub.8 alkenyl, phenyl which is unsubstituted or is substituted from one to four times with C.sub.1 -C.sub.12 alkyl, C.sub.1 -C.sub.12 alkoxy, C.sub.1 -C.sub.6 alkylthio and/or halogen, or are naphthyl which is unsubstituted or is substituted from one to four times with C.sub.1 -C.sub.12 alkyl, C.sub.1 -C.sub.12 alkoxy, C.sub.1 -C.sub.6 alkylthio and/or halogen, or are biphenyl which is unsubstituted or is substituted from one to four times with C.sub.1 -C.sub.12 alkyl, C.sub.1 -C.sub.12 alkoxy, C.sub.1 -C.sub.6 -alkylthio and/or halogen, or R.sub.1, R.sub.2 and R.sub.3 independently of one another are an O-, S- or N-containing 5- or 6-membered heterocyclic ring, R.sub.1 is in addition a group of formula (II), or R.sub.1 and R.sub.2 are linked to form a ring containing 4 to 10 carbon atoms which is unsubstituted or substituted by 1 to 6 C.sub.1 -C.sub.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 5, 1997
    Date of Patent: February 24, 1998
    Assignee: Ciba Specialty Chemicals Corporation
    Inventors: David George Leppard, Manfred Kohler, Gebhard Hug
  • Patent number: 5534559
    Abstract: Ethylenically unsaturated polymerisable compounds can be cured with daylight or with light sources equivalent to daylight by using as hardener a photoinitiator of formula I ##STR1## wherein R.sub.1 is C.sub.1 -C.sub.12 alkyl, cyclopentyl, cyclohexyl, unsubstituted phenyl, naphthyl or biphenyl,R.sub.2 and R.sub.3 are each independently of the other C.sub.1 -C.sub.12 alkyl,R.sub.4 is hydrogen or C.sub.1 -C.sub.12 alkyl, andR.sub.5 is hydrogen or methyl.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 25, 1995
    Date of Patent: July 9, 1996
    Assignee: Ciba-Geigy Corporation
    Inventors: David G. Leppard, Manfred Kohler, Ljubomir Misev
  • Patent number: 5532112
    Abstract: Compounds of the formulaRG--A--INwhereinIN is a photoinitiator basic structureA is a spacer group andRG is a functional reactive groupcan be employed as coreactive photoinitiators for photopolymerization of systems containing ethylenically unsaturated compounds.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 2, 1994
    Date of Patent: July 2, 1996
    Assignee: Ciba-Geigy Corporation
    Inventors: Manfred Kohler, Jorg Ohngemach, Eike Poetsch, Rudolf Eidenschink, Gerhard Greber, Dieter Dorsch, Jurgen Gehlhaus, Konrad Dorfner, Hans L. Hirsch
  • Patent number: 5472992
    Abstract: Compounds of the formula I ##STR1## in which R.sub.1 is C.sub.1 -C.sub.18 alkyl, cyclopentyl or cyclohexyl, and R.sub.2 and R.sub.3, independently of one another, are phenyl which is unsubstituted or monosubstituted to tetrasubstituted by halogen, C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 alkyl and/or C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 alkoxy, with the proviso that R.sub.1 is not decyl if R.sub.2 and R.sub.3 are chlorine-substituted phenyl, are suitable for the photopolymerisation of compounds containing ethylenically unsaturated double bonds.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 28, 1994
    Date of Patent: December 5, 1995
    Assignee: Ciba-Geigy Corporation
    Inventors: David G. Leppard, Manfred Kohler, Ljubomir Misev
  • Patent number: 5399770
    Abstract: Compounds of the formula I ##STR1## in which R.sub.1 is C.sub.1 -C.sub.18 alkyl, cyclopentyl or cyclohexyl, and R.sub.2 and R.sub.3, independently of one another, are phenyl which is unsubstituted or monosubstituted to tetrasubstituted by halogen, C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 alkyl and/or C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 alkoxy, with the proviso that R.sub.1 is not decyl if R.sub.2 and R.sub.3 are chlorine-substituted phenyl, are suitable for the photopolymerization of compounds containing ethylenically unsaturated double bonds.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 17, 1992
    Date of Patent: March 21, 1995
    Assignee: Ciba-Geigy Corporation
    Inventors: David G. Leppard, Manfred Kohler, Ljubomir Misev
  • Patent number: 5368985
    Abstract: Bisacylphosphine sulfides of formula I ##STR1## wherein R.sub.1 is unsubstituted C.sub.1 -C.sub.18 or C.sub.1 -C.sub.8 alkyl which is substituted by phenyl, --CN, C.sub.1 -C.sub.12 alkoxy or halogen, C.sub.2 -C.sub.18 alkenyl, unsubstituted C.sub.5 -C.sub.8 cycloalkyl or C.sub.5 -C.sub.8 cycloalkyl which is substituted by C.sub.1 -C.sub.12 alkyl, C.sub.1 -C.sub.12 alkoxy or halogen, unsubstituted C.sub.6 -C.sub.12 aryl or C.sub.6 -C.sub.12 aryl which is substituted by halogen, C.sub.1 -C.sub.12 alkyl or C.sub.1 -C.sub.12 alkoxy, or a 5- or 6-membered aromatic heterocyclic radical which contains oxygen, sulfur and/or nitrogen and is unsubstituted or substituted by halogen, C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 alkyl or C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 alkoxy, andR.sub.2 and R.sub.3 are each independently of the other unsubstituted C.sub.1 -C.sub.18 alkyl or C.sub.1 -C.sub.8 alkyl which is substituted by phenyl, halogen or C.sub.1 -C.sub.12 alkoxy, C.sub.2 -C.sub.6 alkenyl, unsubstituted C.sub.5 -C.sub.8 cycloalkyl or C.sub.5 -C.sub.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 28, 1994
    Date of Patent: November 29, 1994
    Assignee: Ciba-Geigy Corporation
    Inventors: Werner Rutsch, Gebhard Hug, Manfred Kohler
  • Patent number: 5369140
    Abstract: A radiation curable composition contains as light stabiliser a UV absorber of formula I ##STR1## wherein R is hydrogen or C.sub.1 -C.sub.18 alkyl, R.sub.1 and R.sub.2 are each independently of the other H, OH, C.sub.1 -C.sub.12 alkyl, halogen or halomethyl,R.sub.3 and R.sub.4 are each independently of the other H, OH, C.sub.1 -C.sub.12 alkyl, C.sub.1 -C.sub.18 alkoxy or halogen, andR.sub.5 and R.sub.6 are each independently of the other H, C.sub.1 -C.sub.12 alkyl or halogen. These UV absorbers are substantially non-yellowing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 3, 1991
    Date of Patent: November 29, 1994
    Assignee: Ciba-Geigy Corporation
    Inventors: Andreas Valet, Manfred Kohler
  • Patent number: 5341058
    Abstract: An electric motor possesses a motor housing, preferably a pressure-resistant one, wherein a stator is installed and a rotor is journaled for rotation. The pressure-resistant motor housing is preferably filled with gas, more particularly a gas under high pressure of preferably between 5 and 150 bar or greater. In order to reduce heat dissipation in the interior of the electric motor, a capsule is provided, which surrounds the rotor rods at the drive end and/or at the non-drive end.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 23, 1992
    Date of Patent: August 23, 1994
    Assignee: Loher AG
    Inventors: Manfred Kohler, Roland Kuder
  • Patent number: 5071732
    Abstract: Radiation-curable two-layer systems containing immobilized photoinitiators are suitable for the production of coatings of constant thickness and good adhesion, and relief structures of high resolution and edge steepness.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 14, 1989
    Date of Patent: December 10, 1991
    Assignee: Merck Patent Gesellschaft Mit Beschrankter Haftung
    Inventors: Manfred Kohler, Eike Poetsch, Jorg Ohngemach, Dieter Dorsch, Rudolf Eidenschink, Gerhard Greber
  • Patent number: 5047556
    Abstract: The invention relates to photoinitiators having a combined structure ##STR1## and their use as photoinitiators in the photopolymerization of ethylenically unsaturated compounds or binder systems containing them.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 8, 1989
    Date of Patent: September 10, 1991
    Assignee: Merck Patent Gesellschaft mit beschrankter Haftung
    Inventors: Manfred Kohler, Jorg Ohngemach
  • Patent number: 5045573
    Abstract: Compounds of the general formula I ##STR1## wherein Z is CR.sup.1 R.sup.2 (OR.sup.3) or phenyl,R.sup.1 being H, C.sub.1-6 -alkyl or phenyl,R.sup.2 being H, C.sub.1-6 -alkyl or C.sub.1-6 -alkoxy andR.sup.3 being H, C.sub.1-6 -alkyl or C.sub.1-6 -alkanoyl andZ' is Y-[(CH.sub.2).sub.m -X].sub.n -,X being CH.sub.2 or 0,Y being OH; COOH or SO.sub.3 H including the alkali metal, alkaline earth metal or ammonium salts thereof and also the salts thereof with organic nitrogen bases; or NRR' in which R and R' are in each case H, C.sub.1-20 -alkyl or C.sub.1-4 -hydroxyalkyl, if appropriate quaternized or in the form of the acid addition salts, andn and m each being the numbers 1-4, are excellently suitable as photoinitiators for the photopolymerization of ethylenically unsaturated compounds, in particular in aqueous systems.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 13, 1989
    Date of Patent: September 3, 1991
    Assignee: Merck Patent Gesellschaft mit beschrankter Haftung
    Inventors: Manfred Kohler, Jorg Ohngemach, Gregor Wehner, Jurgen Gehlhaus
  • Patent number: 4922004
    Abstract: The invention relates to copolymerizable photoinitiators of the general formula I ##STR1## in which R.sup.1 and R.sup.2 are each H, C.sub.1 -C.sub.6 -alkyl or phenyl,R.sup.3 is H, C.sub.1 -C.sub.6 -alkyl, C.sub.1 -C.sub.6 -alkyl, C.sub.1 -C.sub.6 -alkanoyl or the group Z,R.sup.4 is H, halogen, C.sub.1 -C.sub.12 -alkyl, C.sub.1 -C.sub.12 -alkoxy, C.sub.1 -C.sub.12 -alkylthioor the group --X[(CH.sub.2 --CH.sub.2 --O).sub.n --Z].sub.m andX os O, S or Nn is an integer from 0 to 4,m is the integer 1 for X=O and S or the integer 1 or 2 for X=N,Z is the group --CO--CR.dbd.CR'R"with R, R', R" each being H or CH.sub.3, always at least one of the R.sup.3 or R.sup.4 groups containing the group Z.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 29, 1986
    Date of Patent: May 1, 1990
    Assignee: Merck Patent Gesellschaft mit bescrankter Haftung
    Inventors: Manfred Kohler, Jorg Ohngemach, Eike Poetsch
  • Patent number: 4914004
    Abstract: Radiation-curable two-layer systems containing immobilized photoinitiators are suitable for the production of coatings of constant thickness and good adhesion, and relief structures of high resolution and edge steepness.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 28, 1987
    Date of Patent: April 3, 1990
    Assignee: Merck Patent Gesellschaft Mit Beschrankter Haftung
    Inventors: Manfred Kohler, Eike Poetsch, Jorg Ohngemach, Dieter Dorsch, Rudolf Eidenschink, Gerhard Greber
  • Patent number: 4861916
    Abstract: Compounds of the general formula I ##STR1## wherein Z is CR.sup.1 R.sup.2 (OR.sup.3) or phenyl,R.sup.1 being H, C.sub.1-6 -alkyl or phenyl,R.sup.2 being H, C.sub.1-6 -alkyl or C.sub.1-6 -alkoxy andR.sup.3 being H, C.sub.1-6 -alkyl or C.sub.1-6 -alkanoyl andZ' is Y--[(CH.sub.2).sub.m --X].sub.n --,X being CH.sub.2 or 0,Y being OH; COOH or SO.sub.3 H including the alkali metal, alkaline earth metal or ammonium salts thereof and also the salts thereof with organic nitrogen bases; or NRR' in which R and R' are in each case H, C.sub.1-20 -alkyl or C.sub.1-4 -hydroxyalkyl, if appropriate quaternized or in the form of the acid addition salts, andn and m each being the numbers 1-4,are excellently suitable as photoinitiators for the photopolymerization of ethylenically unsaturated compounds, in particular in aqueous systems.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 3, 1986
    Date of Patent: August 29, 1989
    Assignee: Merck Patent Gesellschaft mit Beschrankter Haftung
    Inventors: Manfred Kohler, Jorg Ohngemach, Gregor Wehner, Jurgen Gehlhaus
  • Patent number: 4740624
    Abstract: Ketones of the formula II ##STR1## with Ar, R.sup.1 and R.sup.2 as indicated below, can be hydroxylated, readily and in high yields, in the .alpha.-position using tetrahalogenomethanes and alkali metal hydroxides under phase-transfer conditions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 7, 1986
    Date of Patent: April 26, 1988
    Assignee: Merck Patent Gesellschaft mit beschrankter Haftung
    Inventors: Manfred Kohler, Michael Romer, Claus P. Herz