Patents by Inventor Martin E. Gerry

Martin E. Gerry has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Patent number: 4590536
    Abstract: A transmission cable (30, 50) for an ignition system of a fuel burning engine has a body of electrical insulation (31, 51). The cable has embedded in its insulation either a distributed or lumped parameter capacitive element (32-34, 52-53) connected in parallel with either a distributed or lumped parameter resistive element (36, 56) which coact to increase the energy delivered to an igniter and hence to a fuel nodule. An igniter for such fuel burning engine has an electrical insulator (20, 520) and an electrode structure (130, 330, 530). The igniter may have a ceramic magnet insulator which accelerates the arc plasma and raises the arc's energy level. Arc transfer members (137-138, 537-538, 537'-538') are partially embedded in the insulator enabling long arcs to be supported.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 20, 1985
    Date of Patent: May 20, 1986
    Inventor: Martin E. Gerry
  • Patent number: 4558392
    Abstract: A transmission cable (30, 50, 70, 80) for an ignition system of a fuel burning engine has a body of electrical insulation (31, 51, 71, 81). The cable has embedded in its insulation either a distributed or lumped parameter capacitive element (32-35, 52-55, 72-75, 82-84) connected in parallel with either a distributed or lumped parameter resistive element (36-38, 56-58, 76, 86-88) which coact to increase the energy delivered to an igniter and hence to a fuel nodule. The parameter values of the capacitive and resistive elements are such as to produce first order poles with only real parts in the complex plane defining the ignition current. Other parameter values are usable where such values limit the peak ignition voltage level drop in the cable to less than 20,000 volts. A feature of this cable is that the capacitive element is structured to produce electric and magnetic field components that cancel each other, thereby also reducing radio noise induction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 4, 1984
    Date of Patent: December 10, 1985
    Inventor: Martin E. Gerry
  • Patent number: 4554486
    Abstract: A transformer (T) with a primary winding (L1) and a secondary winding (L) coupled to the primary winding. A capacitive element (C) is coupled to the secondary winding for providing an increased output voltage level and an increased output current level from the transformer. The capacitive element may be either of distributed or lumped parameter structure. A reduction in the number of secondary winding turns may be compensated for with the capacitive element to maintain the same voltage output level as was obtained prior to reduction in secondary winding turns and also to obtain an increased current output level by virtue of the presence of the capacitive element and/or the reduction in the number of secondary winding turns. Such reduction in secondary winding turns reduces the physical size of the transformer as well as reducing its copper losses, and also reduces its cost of fabrication.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 18, 1984
    Date of Patent: November 19, 1985
    Inventor: Martin E. Gerry
  • Patent number: 4552119
    Abstract: Improved magnetic pulse timer components provide increased timer voltages with steeper bipolar waveforms. Such improvements are residual in terms of a permanently magnetized timer rotor (30, 40, 60, 70, 80). Rotors (30, 40, 60) have regularly spaced protrusions at the rotor's outer periphery and are permanently magnetized. Rotors (70, 80) have regularly spaced slots in their outer peripheries and may also be permanently magnetized. Such slotted rotors provide the capability of high level and steep bipolar voltage waveforms. Additional magnetic flux switching capability in the timer may be provided by utilizing a permanently magnetized component mounting base plate (90, 100, 110).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 11, 1984
    Date of Patent: November 12, 1985
    Inventor: Martin E. Gerry
  • Patent number: 4537175
    Abstract: An ignition system for a fuel burning engine has a transformer with a primary winding (L1) and a secondary winding (L2). A magnetic pulse time (20) provides a bipolar signal to the input circuits of a pair of transistors (Qa-Qb, Qn-Qp, Q2-Q3, Q4-Q5, Q6a-Q7) of opposite conductivities. The output circuits of such transistor pair are serially connected and also connected in series with ignition transformer primary winding. The transistor pair is simultaneously activated to provide current flow in the primary winding and simultaneously deactivated to discontinue such current flow to create an induced voltage in the primary winding that is transferred to the secondary winding to fire igniters of the engine. Transistor pairs of the multijunction, unijunction and field effect Darlington or non-Darlington types may be utilized.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 29, 1984
    Date of Patent: August 27, 1985
    Inventor: Martin E. Gerry
  • Patent number: 4463708
    Abstract: A system for providing homogenized fluids of fuel and water utilizes a chamber (70) in which the fuel and water is loaded in predetermined quantities. The chamber contains heater (75) which is electrically activated to convert the liquid fuel and water to their vapor states. The chamber also contains a transducer (74) which vibrates the liquified composition of the fuel and water vapors at high frequency rates so as to additionally homogenize it prior to being transferred to storage vessel (96). A vaporizer (99') may be connected to the storage vessel so as to be fed by the homogenized liquid when this system is used in conjunction with an internal combustion engine. The system may provide mechanism (77, 79) for evacuating chamber (70) prior to loading the fuel and water into such chamber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 5, 1981
    Date of Patent: August 7, 1984
    Inventor: Martin E. Gerry
  • Patent number: 4451764
    Abstract: An ignition system utilizes a bipolar activated magnetic pulse timer which effectively makes operation of the timer independent of the automotive supply voltages. Such system utilizes a distributed parameter component which may be utilized as a shunt across the ignition transformer secondary winding and also as a high voltage ignition distribution cable. The use of the distributed parameter component as a shunt enables extremely high energy levels to be generated. The use of the distributed parameter component as a distribution cable enables high energy levels to be transferred to the igniters without radio noise induction in a contiguous radio receiver.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 5, 1983
    Date of Patent: May 29, 1984
    Inventor: Martin E. Gerry
  • Patent number: 4422054
    Abstract: A high voltage distributed inductance-capacitance cable (10) for an electrical ignition system of a fuel burning engine having an electrically conductive electrode (13) elongated along the length of the cable. A distributed parameter inductor (15) is insulated from and coaxial with such electrode, such electrode being coupled to the inductor by virtue of inherently present distributed capacities (C.sub.d2) along the length of the cable. One end of the inductor and one end of the electrode are used as the connection points of the cable, the ends opposite the connection points of the electrode and inductor being unterminated. Electrode (13) may be tubular and have a central core (11) at the axis of elongation of the cable. The central core may be conductive and is insulated from the tubular electrode, and such central core may be utilized instead of the tubular electrode in which case one end of the central core will have a connector for use as a cable termination.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 3, 1982
    Date of Patent: December 20, 1983
    Inventor: Martin E. Gerry
  • Patent number: 4413304
    Abstract: An electromagnetic field compensated cable having an electrically insulating casing (20, 40, 50) includes a structure (21-22, 41, 51) that effects cancellation of electric and/or magnetic field components due to current flow through the cable. One configuration includes a central twisted pair of insulated leads (21, 22) wherein only one end of each of the leads (23, 24) is terminated in a connector (25, 26). Another configuration has a central structure of conductive wire of alternating rectangular shape. (41, 51).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 20, 1982
    Date of Patent: November 1, 1983
    Inventor: Martin E. Gerry
  • Patent number: 4398125
    Abstract: An electrical ignition system for a fuel buring engine has a high voltage ignition cable (60) that includes an electrically conductive shield (64) circumjacent an electrical axial conductor (62). An AC or DC power source (70, 70a, 70b) is connected to the electrically conductive shield to produce an electromagnetic force field surrounding the electrical axial conductor. Such field retains electromagnetic radiation emanated by the electrical axial conductor during ignition of the igniter (10) within the confines of the shield (64). Igniter (10) may have a ceramic insulator (30) with a synthetic resin polymer sleeve (50) covering a portion of the ceramic insulator, or insulator (30) may be made entirely of the synthetic resin polymer material to suppress corona generated by current flowing through the axial electrode (40) of the igniter during each ignition period.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 29, 1981
    Date of Patent: August 9, 1983
    Inventor: Martin E. Gerry
  • Patent number: 4377151
    Abstract: A bipolar activated magnetic pulse timer (50, Q.sub.a, Q.sub.b) is shown for an ignition system (Q1, Q2, Qn, Qp, 80, 90, 40, 40a) of a fuel burning engine. Such system includes a pair of semiconductor switches (Q.sub.a, Q.sub.b) wherein the output circuits of such switches are serially connected. A magnetic pulse timer (50) having an output winding (53) is connected to the input circuits of such switches. Such switches and timer intermittently activate a variety of ignition circuits.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 7, 1982
    Date of Patent: March 22, 1983
    Inventor: Martin E. Gerry
  • Patent number: 4365186
    Abstract: An ignition system (51-59, 60, Ql, Qn, 30) providing high modulation energy by means of modulator (30) is used to fire an igniter and effect total fuel burning without detonation. An extremely long ignition arc is initiated at an optimum timing angle (.theta..degree.) in advance of top dead center piston position. Such long arc with its high energy content makes possible an ignited fuel nodule of increased size within the combustion chamber of the engine. The increased fuel nodule size makes possible efficient engine operation at the variety of cylinder pressures and the variety of ignition voltages usable to ignite the fuel. These long arcs may be sustained over a large range of duty cycle periods of ignition electrical power by modulation of transient current feeding the igniter.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 3, 1980
    Date of Patent: December 21, 1982
    Inventor: Martin E. Gerry
  • Patent number: 4337732
    Abstract: A fuel and water conditioner (10) integrated as a single unit is used with an engine that develops motive power. Such conditioner includes a first compartment (24) that vaporizes the fuel, and a second compartment (26) that vaporizes the water. An air intake structure (30) enables an air stream (32) to flow within the conditioner and through air filter (28) into the intake manifold (60) of the engine. The vaporized fuel and water is carried by and combines with the air stream into such intake manifold. Various heating devices (50, 250) are thermally coupled to the conditioner to heat the fuel and water in such conditioner and assist in further vaporizing such fuel and water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 27, 1980
    Date of Patent: July 6, 1982
    Inventor: Martin E. Gerry
  • Patent number: 4327701
    Abstract: An inductive-capacitive cyclic charge-discharge ignition system includes an ignition transformer primary winding in parallel with a capacitor and fed by an alternating current source providing a plural number of repetition cycles during each igniter firing period. Such repetition cycles cause the capacitor and primary winding to charge and dischage during each of the repetition cycles creating a plurality of ringing periods for each igniter firing period. A diode or an additional capacitor, or both, inserted in series with the parallel combination of the first stated capacitor and primary winding, substantially increases the velocity of arc provided by an igniter. Such arc has several components composed of luminous particles extending across the entire base of the igniter. By initiating ignition timing at a very large angle in advance of top dead center piston position, very long arcs may be created at the igniter base.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 3, 1980
    Date of Patent: May 4, 1982
    Inventor: Martin E. Gerry
  • Patent number: 4324209
    Abstract: A fuel and water homogenizing system (300) creates a homogenized fluid of liquid fuel and water within a vessel (310) when the fluid and water within such vessel is agitated by vibrations transduced from electrical energy provided by an AC energy source (400). A predetermined quantity of homogenized fluid is transferred via a conduit (200) to a compartment (24) within a vaporizer (10) to establish a predetermined level in the compartment of the homogenized fluid. To regulate the homogenized fluid level within the compartment (24), another conduit mechanism (305, 306, 307) connects the compartment with the homogenizing vessel pumping back homogenized fluid into the homogenizing vessel when a rise in fluid level within the compartment exceeds a predetermined level.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 27, 1980
    Date of Patent: April 13, 1982
    Inventor: Martin E. Gerry
  • Patent number: 4293797
    Abstract: An inductive-capacitive cyclic charge-discharge ignition system includes an ignition transformer primary winding in parallel with a capacitor and fed by an alternating current source providing a plural number of repetition cycles during each igniter firing period. Such repetition cycles cause the capacitor and primary winding to charge and discharge during each of the repetition cycles creating a plurality of ringing periods for each igniter firing period. A diode or an additional capacitor, or both, inserted in series with the parallel combination of the first stated capacitor and primary winding, substantially increases the velocity of arc provided by an igniter. Such arc has several components composed of luminous particles extending across the entire base of the igniter.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 16, 1980
    Date of Patent: October 6, 1981
    Inventor: Martin E. Gerry
  • Patent number: 4293798
    Abstract: An inductive-capacitive cyclic charge-discharge ignition system includes an ignition transformer primary winding in parallel with a capacitor and fed by an alternating current source providing a plural number of repetition cycles during each igniter firing period. Such repetition cycles cause the capacitor and primary winding to charge and discharge during each of the repetition cycles creating a plurality of ringing periods for each igniter firing period. A diode or an additional capacitor, or both, inserted in series with the parallel combination of the first stated capacitor and primary winding, substantially increases the velocity of arc provided by an igniter. Such arc has several components composed of luminous particles extending across the entire base of the igniter.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 16, 1980
    Date of Patent: October 6, 1981
    Inventor: Martin E. Gerry
  • Patent number: 4292569
    Abstract: An ignition system uses a transformer with a primary winding and a secondary winding wherein the secondary winding is intermittently coupled to at least one igniter load. An electronic switch is connected to the primary winding. Such electronic switch has an input circuit and an output circuit for enabling electrical energy to be stored in the primary winding. The electronic switch may have an additional switching stage feeding its input circuit for establishing the charging period of the primary winding consistent with the logic of a conventional ignition system. A timer is electrically coupled to the additional switching stage for intermittently activating such electronic switch. An alternating current modulator is connected to the primary winding so as to provide a modulating signal during the discharge period of the system thereby modulating the discharge current of the primary winding.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 7, 1979
    Date of Patent: September 29, 1981
    Inventor: Martin E. Gerry
  • Patent number: 4291661
    Abstract: An inductive-capacitive cyclic charge-discharge ignition system includes an ignition transformer primary winding in parallel with a capacitor and fed by a unipolar alternating current source providing a plural number of repetition cycles during each igniter firing period. Such unipolar cycles cause the capacitor and primary winding to charge and discharge during each of the repetition cycles creating a plurality of ringing periods for each igniter firing period. A diode or an additional capacitor, or both, inserted in series with the parallel combination of the first stated capacitor and primary winding, substantially increases the velocity of arc provided by an igniter. The system is triggered by a magnetic pulse generating timer which generates AC voltages to modulate the output of the unipolar source. Where discharge currents are developed, such generated AC voltages also modulate the discharge currents.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 13, 1979
    Date of Patent: September 29, 1981
    Inventor: Martin E. Gerry
  • Patent number: 4288723
    Abstract: An inductive-capacitive cyclic charge-discharge ignition system includes an ignition transformer primary winding in parallel with a capacitor and fed by an alternating current source providing a plural number of repetition cycles during each igniter firing period. Such repetition cycles cause the capacitor and primary winding to charge and discharge during each of the repetition cycles creating a plurality of ringing periods for each igniter firing period. A diode or an additional capacitor, or both, inserted in series with the parallel combination of the first stated capacitor and primary winding, substantially increases the velocity of arc provided by an igniter. Such arc has several components composed of luninous particles extending across the entire base of the igniter.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 16, 1980
    Date of Patent: September 8, 1981
    Inventor: Martin E. Gerry