Patents by Inventor Michael S. Strano

Michael S. Strano has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Patent number: 11208628
    Abstract: In one aspect, a composition can include an organelle, and a nanoparticle having a zeta potential of less than ?10 mV or greater than 10 mV contained within the organelle. In a preferred embodiment, the organelle can be a chloroplast and the nanoparticle can be a single-walled carbon nanotube associated with a strongly anionic or strongly cationic polymer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 7, 2014
    Date of Patent: December 28, 2021
    Assignee: MASSACHUSETTS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY
    Inventors: Michael S. Strano, Juan Pablo Giraldo Gomez, Sean Mitchell Faltermeier, Markita P. Landry
  • Patent number: 11187698
    Abstract: A living plant can function as self-powered auto-samplers and preconcentrators of an analyte within ambient groundwater, detectors of the analyte contained therein. For example, a pair of near infrared (IR) fluorescent sensors embedded within the mesophyll of the plant leaf can be used as detectors of the nitroaromatic molecules, with the first IR channel engineered through CoPhMoRe to recognize analyte via an IR fluorescent emission and the second IR channel including a functionalized nanostructure that acts as an invariant reference signal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 2, 2016
    Date of Patent: November 30, 2021
    Assignee: MASSACHUSETTS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY
    Inventors: Michael S. Strano, Juan Pablo Giraldo Gomez, Seongyeon Kwak, Min Hao Wong
  • Patent number: 11155509
    Abstract: A composition can photocatalytically reduce carbon dioxide.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 2, 2019
    Date of Patent: October 26, 2021
    Assignee: MASSACHUSETTS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY
    Inventors: Michael S. Strano, Seonyeong Kwak, Dorsa Parviz, Daniel James Lundberg
  • Patent number: 11121176
    Abstract: An particle can include a first sheet comprising a layer including a first material, wherein the first sheet includes a first outer surface and a first inner surface; and a second sheet comprising a layer including a second material, where the second sheet includes a second outer surface and a second inner surface, wherein the first sheet and the second sheet form a space, the space is encapsulated by the first sheet and the second sheet.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 27, 2018
    Date of Patent: September 14, 2021
    Assignee: MASSACHUSETTS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY
    Inventors: Tianxiang Liu, Pingwei Liu, Volodymyr Koman, Daichi Kozawa, Michael S. Strano
  • Patent number: 11002741
    Abstract: A single chirality single walled carbon nanotubes (SWNT), and combinations thereof, can be used to detect trace levels of chemical compounds in vivo with high selectivity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 18, 2015
    Date of Patent: May 11, 2021
    Assignee: MASSACHUSETTS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY
    Inventors: Juan Pablo Giraldo Gomez, Markita Patricia Landry, Michael S. Strano
  • Patent number: 10890582
    Abstract: A sensor for detecting an analyte can include a photoluminescent nanostructure embedded in a sensor hydrogel. The sensor hydrogel can be supported by a substrate hydrogel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 20, 2014
    Date of Patent: January 12, 2021
    Assignee: MASSACHUSETTS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY
    Inventors: Nigel F. Reuel, Michael S. Strano
  • Patent number: 10712347
    Abstract: Sensing compositions, sensing element, sensing systems and sensing devices for the detection and/or quantitation of one or more analytes. Compositions comprising carbon nanotubes in which the carbon nanotubes retain their ability to luminesce and in which that luminescence is rendered selectively sensitive to the presence of an analyte. Compositions comprising individually dispersed carbon nanotubes, which are electronically isolated from other carbon nanotubes, yet which are associated with chemical selective species, such as polymers, particularly biological polymers, for example proteins, which can interact selectively with, or more specifically selectivity bind to, an analyte of interest. Chemically selective species bind, preferably non-covalently, to the carbon nanotube and function to provide for analyte selectivity. Chemically selective species include polymers to which one or more chemically selective groups are covalently attached.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 30, 2014
    Date of Patent: July 14, 2020
    Assignee: THE BOARD OF TRUSTEES OF THE UNIVERSITY OF ILLINOIS
    Inventors: Michael S. Strano, Seunghyun Baik, Paul Barone
  • Publication number: 20200102260
    Abstract: A composition can photocatalytically reduce carbon dioxide.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 2, 2019
    Publication date: April 2, 2020
    Applicant: MASSACHUSETTS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY
    Inventors: Michael S. Strano, Seonyeong Kwak, Dorsa Parviz, Daniel James Lundberg
  • Publication number: 20200027921
    Abstract: An particle can include a first sheet comprising a layer including a first material, wherein the first sheet includes a first outer surface and a first inner surface; and a second sheet comprising a layer including a second material, where the second sheet includes a second outer surface and a second inner surface, wherein the first sheet and the second sheet form a space, the space is encapsulated by the first sheet and the second sheet.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 27, 2018
    Publication date: January 23, 2020
    Applicant: MASSACHUSETTS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY
    Inventors: Tianxiang LIU, Pingwei LIU, Volodymyr KOMAN, Daichi KOZAWA, Michael S. STRANO
  • Publication number: 20200028053
    Abstract: The present disclosure is directed to materials, devices, and methods for resonant ambient thermal energy harvesting. Thermal energy can be harvested using thermoelectric resonators that capture and store ambient thermal fluctuations and convert the fluctuations to energy. The resonators can include non-linear heat transfer elements, such as thermal diodes, to enhance their performance. Incorporation of thermal diodes can allow for a dynamic rectification of temperature fluctuations into a single polarity temperature difference across a heat engine for power extraction, as compared to the dual polarity nature of the output voltage of linear thermal resonators, which typically necessitates electrical rectification to be routed to an entity for energy storage. In some embodiments, the thermal diode can be applied to transient energy harvesting to construct thermal diode bridges. Methods for constructing such devices, and using such devices, are also provided.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 31, 2018
    Publication date: January 23, 2020
    Inventors: Michael S. Strano, Anton Lee Cottrill, Sayalee Girish Mahajan, Tianxiang Liu, Volodymyr B. Koman
  • Patent number: 10526628
    Abstract: Select embodiments of the present invention employ biological means to direct assemble CNT-based nanostructures, allowing for scaling to macrostructures for manufacture. In select embodiments of the present invention, a method is provided for assembling DNA-functionalized SWNTs by phosphodiester bonding catalyzed by ssDNA-ligase to form macroscopic CNT aggregates.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 6, 2011
    Date of Patent: January 7, 2020
    Assignee: UNITED STATES OF AMERICA AS REPRESENTED BY THE SECRETARY OF THE ARMY
    Inventors: Clint M. Arnett, Charles P. Marsh, Jae Hee Han, Michael S. Strano, Charles R. Welch, Thomas A. Carlson
  • Publication number: 20190275775
    Abstract: A composite can include alternating layers of a first layer including a 2D material and a second layer including a polymer matrix. Fabrication methods can take a thin layer of molecular thickness and construct large composite stacks that scale exponentially with the number of processing steps. An analogous shear scrolling method can create Archimedean scroll fibers from single layers with similar scaling. These methods can produce materials that demonstrate the ??? limit while combining electrical and optical properties minimal volume fraction of the filler.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 20, 2017
    Publication date: September 12, 2019
    Applicant: MASSACHUSETTS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY
    Inventors: Pingwei Liu, Michael S. Strano
  • Patent number: 10338051
    Abstract: Systems and methods related to optical nanosensors comprising photoluminescent nanostructures are generally described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 6, 2017
    Date of Patent: July 2, 2019
    Assignee: MASSACHUSETTS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY
    Inventors: Michael S. Strano, Daniel A. Heller, George W. Pratt, Jingqing Zhang
  • Publication number: 20190063412
    Abstract: The present disclosure is directed to materials, devices, and methods for resonant ambient thermal energy harvesting. Thermal energy can be harvested using thermoelectric resonators that capture and store ambient thermal fluctuations and convert the fluctuations to energy. The thermal resonators can include heat engines disposed between masses of varying sizes or diodes. The masses or diodes can be made of high and ultra-high effusivity materials to transfer thermal energy through the resonator and optimize power output. The masses or diodes of the resonator can be tuned to the dominant frequency of the temperature waveform to maximize the amount of energy being converted. The resonators can be added to existing structures to supply or generate power, and, in some embodiments, the structures themselves can be a mass of the thermal resonator. Methods for constructing and/or using such devices are also provided, as are methods for formulating ultra-high effusivity materials.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 31, 2018
    Publication date: February 28, 2019
    Inventors: Michael S. Strano, Anton Lee Cottrill, Sayalee Girish Mahajan, Tianxiang Liu, Volodymyr B. Koman
  • Patent number: 10215752
    Abstract: A composition can include a nanostructure, and a linker associated with the nanostructure, wherein the linker is configured to interact with a capture protein. The nanostructure can include a single-walled carbon nanotube. A plurality of the compositions can be configured in an array.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 31, 2011
    Date of Patent: February 26, 2019
    Assignee: MASSACHUSETTS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY
    Inventors: Michael S. Strano, Jin-Ho Ahn, Jong-Ho Kim, Paul W. Barone, Nigel F. Reuel
  • Publication number: 20180356414
    Abstract: Corona Phase Molecular Recognition (CoPhMoRe) utilizing a heteropolymer adsorbed onto and templated by a nanoparticle surface to recognize a specific target analyte can be used for macromolecular analytes, including proteins. A variant of a CoPhMoRe screening procedure of single walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNT) can be used against a panel of human blood proteins, revealing a specific corona phase that recognizes fibrinogen and insulin, respectively, with high selectivity.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 22, 2016
    Publication date: December 13, 2018
    Applicant: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
    Inventors: Michael S. Strano, Gili H. Bisker Raviv
  • Publication number: 20180356404
    Abstract: A living plant can function as self-powered auto-samplers and preconcentrators of an analyte within ambient groundwater, detectors of the analyte contained therein. For example, a pair of near infrared (IR) fluorescent sensors embedded within the mesophyll of the plant leaf can be used as detectors of the nitroaromatic molecules, with the first IR channel engineered through CoPhMoRe to recognize analyte via an IR fluorescent emission and the second IR channel including a functionalized nanostructure that acts as an invariant reference signal.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 2, 2016
    Publication date: December 13, 2018
    Applicant: MASSACHUSETTS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY
    Inventors: Michael S. STRANO, Juan Pablo GIRALDO GOMEZ, Seongyeon KWAK, Min Hao WONG
  • Publication number: 20180317415
    Abstract: A plant nanobionic approach can utilize a system of four nanoparticle types, including luciferase conjugated silica, luciferin releasing poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid), coenzyme A functionalized chitosan, and semiconductor nanocrystal phosphors for wavelength modulation.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 4, 2016
    Publication date: November 8, 2018
    Applicant: MASSACHUSETTS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY
    Inventors: Michael S. STRANO, Seongyeon KWAK, Juan Pablo Giraldo GOMEZ, Min Hao WONG
  • Patent number: 10041951
    Abstract: An imaging probe can include a photoluminescent carbon nanostructure configured to emit a wavelength of light detectable through living tissue, and a targeting moiety including a first binding partner configured to interact with a second binding partner.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 31, 2013
    Date of Patent: August 7, 2018
    Assignee: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
    Inventors: Hyunjung Yi, Debadyuti Ghosh, Jifa Qi, Angela M. Belcher, Michael S. Strano, Neelkanth M. Bardhan
  • Patent number: 10012657
    Abstract: Systems and methods related to optical nanosensors comprising photoluminescent nanostructures are generally described. Generally, the nanosensors comprise a photoluminescent nanostructure and a polymer that interacts with the photoluminescent nanostructure. In some cases, the interaction between the polymer and the nanostructure can be non-covalent (e.g., via van der Waals interactions). The nanosensors comprising a polymer and a photoluminescent nanostructure may be particularly useful in determining the presence and/or concentration of relatively small molecules, in some embodiments. In addition, in some instances the nanosensors may be capable of determining relatively low concentrations of analytes, in some cases determining as little as a single molecule. In some embodiments, the interaction between the analyte and the nanosensor (e.g.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 15, 2013
    Date of Patent: July 3, 2018
    Assignee: MASSACHUSETTS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY
    Inventors: Michael S. Strano, Jong-Ho Kim, Jinqing Zhang, Daniel A. Heller