Patents by Inventor Russell Jacques

Russell Jacques has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Publication number: 20190386573
    Abstract: A power converter circuit (1) and an associated method of converting an AC power supply. The power converter circuit (1) comprises: a supply rectifier circuit (2) for rectifying an AC supply power to generate a rectified supply power; an inverter circuit (3) for receiving the rectified supply power to generate an inverted supply power; a load rectifier circuit (4) for rectifying the inverted supply power to generate a rectified load power for supplying a load current to a load (5); and a charge pump circuit (6) driven by the load current to pump additional charge to the rectified supply power.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 26, 2017
    Publication date: December 19, 2019
    Inventors: Russell Jacques, David Coulson
  • Patent number: 10396669
    Abstract: A power converter controller and methods for its operation are provided that can control a self-oscillating power converter that uses a Bipolar Junction Transistor (BJT) as a switch by manipulating the current flowing in a control winding. The controller is able to determine the optimum time to remove a short circuit applied to the control winding, as well as being able to determine the optimum time to pass current through the control winding. The controller can further draw power from the power converter using the control winding. The controller is capable of maintaining the midpoint voltage of the power converter in the case that the converter has more than one switch. The controller estimates the output power of the converter without requiring a connection to the secondary side of the converter transformer. The controller further controls entry and exit into a low-power mode in which converter oscillations are suppressed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 28, 2017
    Date of Patent: August 27, 2019
    Inventor: Russell Jacques
  • Publication number: 20190036456
    Abstract: There is provided a current control circuit for a power converter. The power converter has a primary circuit for receiving a supply current across a first supply rail and a second supply rail. There is a primary connection in the primary circuit. The power converter also has a secondary circuit providing an output current. There is a secondary connection in the secondary circuit. The secondary connection is connected to the primary connection. A controller controls one or more switches in the primary circuit to control the output current. The nature of the power converter is such that it has a reactive circuit which produces a reactive current. The current control circuit comprises a current sensing circuit connected to bypass or cancel the reactive current. The controller is connected to the current sensing circuit and controls the one or more switches based on a signal current sensed by the current sensing circuit.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 5, 2016
    Publication date: January 31, 2019
    Inventors: David Coulson, Russell Jacques, Niek Van Der Duijn Schouten
  • Patent number: 10103631
    Abstract: A power converter circuit and an associated method of converting an AC power supply. The power converter circuit comprises: a supply rectifier circuit (2) for rectifying an AC supply power to generate a rectified supply power; an inverter circuit (3) for receiving the rectified supply power to generate an inverted supply power; a load rectifier circuit (4) for rectifying the inverted supply power to generate a rectified load power for supplying a load current to a load (5); and a boost circuit (6) driven by the load current to provide a boosted voltage to the rectified supply power.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 24, 2014
    Date of Patent: October 16, 2018
    Inventors: Russell Jacques, David Coulson
  • Publication number: 20170201180
    Abstract: A power converter controller and methods for its operation are provided that can control a self-oscillating power converter that uses a Bipolar Junction Transistor (BJT) as a switch by manipulating the current flowing in a control winding. The controller is able to determine the optimum time to remove a short circuit applied to the control winding, as well as being able to determine the optimum time to pass current through the control winding. The controller can further draw power from the power converter using the control winding. The controller is capable of maintaining the midpoint voltage of the power converter in the case that the converter has more than one switch. The controller estimates the output power of the converter without requiring a connection to the secondary side of the converter transformer. The controller further controls entry and exit into a low-power mode in which converter oscillations are suppressed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 28, 2017
    Publication date: July 13, 2017
    Inventor: Russell JACQUES
  • Patent number: 9647567
    Abstract: A power converter controller and methods for its operation are provided that can control a self-oscillating power converter that uses a Bipolar Junction Transistor (BJT) as a switch by manipulating the current flowing in a control winding. The controller is able to determine the optimum time to remove a short circuit applied to the control winding, as well as being able to determine the optimum time to pass current through the control winding. The controller can further draw power from the power converter using the control winding. The controller is capable of maintaining the midpoint voltage of the power converter in the case that the converter has more than one switch. The controller estimates the output power of the converter without requiring a connection to the secondary side of the converter transformer. The controller further controls entry and exit into a low-power mode in which converter oscillations are suppressed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 26, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 9, 2017
    Inventors: Russell Jacques, Nicolaas van der Duijn Schouten, David Robert Coulson
  • Publication number: 20170117806
    Abstract: A power converter circuit and an associated method of converting an AC power supply. The power converter circuit comprises: a supply rectifier circuit (2) for rectifying an AC supply power to generate a rectified supply power; an inverter circuit (3) for receiving the rectified supply power to generate an inverted supply power; a load rectifier circuit (4) for rectifying the inverted supply power to generate a rectified load power for supplying a load current to a load (5); and a boost circuit (6) driven by the load current to provide a boosted voltage to the rectified supply power.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 24, 2014
    Publication date: April 27, 2017
    Applicant: REDISEM LTD.
    Inventors: Russell JACQUES, David COULSON
  • Patent number: 9219428
    Abstract: A circuit for controlling a power converter featuring BJTs, through use of a control winding on the transformer that provides the base drive for the BJTs is disclosed. This controller can control the control winding current, thus modifying the commutating of the current or stopping the oscillations. It can provide unidirectional shorts to prevent commutation and can also provide an initial power pulse to control the start or operation of the power converter.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 26, 2009
    Date of Patent: December 22, 2015
    Inventor: Russell Jacques
  • Publication number: 20130294112
    Abstract: A power converter controller and methods for its operation are provided that can control a self-oscillating power converter that uses a Bipolar Junction Transistor (BJT) as a switch by manipulating the current flowing in a control winding. The controller is able to determine the optimum time to remove a short circuit applied to the control winding, as well as being able to determine the optimum time to pass current through the control winding. The controller can further draw power from the power converter using the control winding. The controller is capable of maintaining the midpoint voltage of the power converter in the case that the converter has more than one switch. The controller estimates the output power of the converter without requiring a connection to the secondary side of the converter transformer. The controller further controls entry and exit into a low-power mode in which converter oscillations are suppressed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 24, 2011
    Publication date: November 7, 2013
    Inventors: Russell Jacques, Nicolaas van der Duijn Schouten, David Robert Coulson
  • Publication number: 20130094248
    Abstract: A power converter controller and methods for its operation are provided that can control a self-oscillating power converter that uses a Bipolar Junction Transistor (BJT) as a switch by manipulating the current flowing in a control winding. The controller is able to determine the optimum time to remove a short circuit applied to the control winding, as well as being able to determine the optimum time to pass current through the control winding. The controller can further draw power from the power converter using the control winding. The controller is capable of maintaining the midpoint voltage of the power converter in the case that the converter has more than one switch. The controller estimates the output power of the converter without requiring a connection to the secondary side of the converter transformer. The controller further controls entry and exit into a low-power mode in which converter oscillations are suppressed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 26, 2011
    Publication date: April 18, 2013
    Inventors: Russell Jacques, Nicolaas van der Duijn Schouten, David Robert Coulson
  • Patent number: 8411468
    Abstract: We describe a resonant discontinuous power converter including a magnetic energy storage device, and a bipolar junction transistor (BJT) switch having a collector terminal coupled to repetitively switch power from the input on and off to said magnetic energy storage device such that power is transferred from the input to the output. During an off-period of said BJT switch a voltage on said magnetic energy storage device and on said collector terminal of said BJT is at least partially resonant. The power converter includes a voltage clamping circuit to clamp a base voltage on a base terminal of said BJT during a resonant portion of said off-period to limit an excursion of a collector voltage on said collector terminal of said BJT towards or beyond an emitter voltage of said BJT during said resonant portion of said off-period, in particular to inhibit reverse bias of a base emitter junction of the transistor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 25, 2008
    Date of Patent: April 2, 2013
    Assignee: Cambridge Semiconductor Limited
    Inventors: Vinod A. Lalithambika, Paul Ryan, David M. Garner, Russell Jacques
  • Patent number: 7961484
    Abstract: We describe a switching power converter comprising a bipolar switching device (BJT or IGBT) switching an inductive load, and including a closed-loop control system. The control system comprises a voltage sensing system to sense a voltage on a collector terminal of the switching device and provide a voltage sense signal; a controller; and a drive modulation system coupled to an output of the controller for modulating a drive to the control terminal of said bipolar switching device responsive to a controller control signal; wherein said controller is configured to monitor changes in the sensed voltage during a period when said switching device is switched on and to control said drive modulation system to control the degree of saturation of said bipolar switching device when the device is switched on and hence improve turn-off times.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 24, 2008
    Date of Patent: June 14, 2011
    Assignee: Cambridge Semiconductor Limited
    Inventors: Vinod A. Lalithambika, Paul Ryan, David Michael Garner, Russell Jacques
  • Publication number: 20110007525
    Abstract: This invention relates to a circuit for controlling a power converter featuring BJTs, through use of a control winding on the transformer that provides the base drive for the BJTs. This controller can control the control winding current, thus modifying the commutating of the current or stopping the oscillations. It can provide unidirectional shorts to prevent commutation and can also provide an initial power pulse to control the start or operation of the power converter.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 26, 2009
    Publication date: January 13, 2011
    Inventor: Russell Jacques
  • Patent number: 7830130
    Abstract: This invention relates to control techniques and controllers for resonant discontinuous forward power converters (RDFCs). A method of controlling a resonant discontinuous forward converter (RDFC), said converter including a transformer with primary and secondary matched polarity windings and a switch to, in operation, cyclically switch DC power to said primary winding of said transformer, said converter further having a DC output coupled to said secondary winding of said converter, said method comprising: sensing a primary winding signal during an on period of said switch, said primary winding signal representing a current in said primary winding; comparing said sensed primary winding signal with a threshold value; and controlling one or both of an on and off duration of said switch in response to said comparison.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 2, 2007
    Date of Patent: November 9, 2010
    Assignee: Cambridge Semiconductor Limited
    Inventors: Russell Jacques, Paul Ryan, Catriona McKay, Devarahandi Indika Mahesh de Silva, David M. Garner, Vinod A. Lalithambika
  • Patent number: 7751208
    Abstract: This invention relates to control techniques and controllers for resonant discontinuous forward power converters (RDFCs). A controller for a resonant discontinuous forward converter (RDFC), said converter including a transformer with primary and secondary matched polarity windings and a switch to, in operation, cyclically switch DC power to said primary winding of said transformer, said converter further having a DC output coupled to said secondary winding of said converter, said controller having a primary sense input to sense a primary winding signal, said primary winding signal representing a voltage across said primary winding or across an additional winding coupled to said primary winding, and wherein said controller is configured to switch on said switch in response to detection of a reduction in a rate of change of said primary winding signal below a threshold, adjacent a substantially minimum value in an operational cycle of said sensed primary winding signal to convey power to said DC output.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 2, 2007
    Date of Patent: July 6, 2010
    Assignee: Cambridge Semiconductor Limited
    Inventors: Russell Jacques, Paul Ryan, Catriona McKay, Devarahandi Indika Mahesh de Silva, David M. Garner, Vinod A. Lalithambika
  • Patent number: 7738266
    Abstract: This invention relates to control techniques and controllers for resonant discontinuous forward power converters (RDFCs). We describe a controller for a resonant discontinuous forward converter (RDFC), said forward converter including a transformer with first and second matched polarity windings and a switch to switch dc power to said first winding of said transformer, said converter further having a dc output coupled to said second winding of said transformer, and wherein said controller has two modes, a first operational mode during which said switch is controlled to switch said dc power at a frequency which substantially coincides with a resonant frequency of operation of said RDFC such that said RDFC supplies power from said dc output, and a second, reduced power operational mode during which a drive to said switch is controlled to increase a proportion of time during which said switch is off.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 15, 2006
    Date of Patent: June 15, 2010
    Assignee: Cambridge Semiconductor Limited
    Inventors: Russell Jacques, David Robert Coulson
  • Patent number: 7714554
    Abstract: This invention relates to control techniques and controllers for resonant discontinuous forward power converters (RDFCs). A method of controlling a resonant discontinuous forward converter (RDFC), said converter including a transformer with primary and secondary matched polarity windings and a switch to, in operation, cyclically switch DC power to said primary winding of said transformer, said converter further having a DC output coupled to said secondary winding of said converter, said method comprising: sensing a transformer signal, said transformer signal representing a voltage across a winding of said transformer or a resonant current in a winding of said transformer; calculating a resonance period of said RDFC from said sensed transformer signal; and controlling an off duration of said switch in response to said calculated resonance period such that a sub-harmonic oscillation in said resonant voltage across said primary winding is reduced.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 2, 2007
    Date of Patent: May 11, 2010
    Assignee: Cambridge Semiconductor Limited
    Inventors: Russell Jacques, Paul Ryan, Catriona McKay, Vinod A. Lalithambika, David M. Garner, Devarahandi Indika Mahesh de Silva
  • Publication number: 20100091525
    Abstract: We describe a resonant discontinuous power converter including a magnetic energy storage device, and a bipolar junction transistor (BJT) switch having a collector terminal coupled to repetitively switch power from the input on and off to said magnetic energy storage device such that power is transferred from the input to the output. During an off-period of said BJT switch a voltage on said magnetic energy storage device and on said collector terminal of said BJT is at least partially resonant. The power converter includes a voltage clamping circuit to clamp a base voltage on a base terminal of said BJT during a resonant portion of said off-period to limit an excursion of a collector voltage on said collector terminal of said BJT towards or beyond an emitter voltage of said BJT during said resonant portion of said off-period, in particular to inhibit reverse bias of a base emitter junction of the transistor.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 25, 2008
    Publication date: April 15, 2010
    Inventors: Vinod A. Lalithambika, Paul Ryan, David M. Garner, Russell Jacques
  • Patent number: 7570497
    Abstract: A discontinuous resonant forward power converter including a controller having an output coupled to a controllable switch and which is configured to control the switch such that a voltage waveform on a secondary winding of a transformer of the converter has a first portion during which the switch is on and current flows into an output node of the converter which is coupled to the output rectifier and to a smoothing capacitor, and which has a second substantially resonant portion during which the switch and an output rectifier are both off. Substantially no current flows into the output node during the second portion of said voltage waveform.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 8, 2006
    Date of Patent: August 4, 2009
    Assignee: Cambridge Semiconductor
    Inventors: Russell Jacques, David Robert Coulson
  • Patent number: 7504815
    Abstract: We describe a switch mode power supply (SMPS) controller employing a combination of pulse frequency and pulse width modulation. The controller employs a “gear box” control scheme using two complementary control loops, one for real-time control of the SMPS using PFM and a second using a PWM control scheme which monitors the switching frequency and, at defined operating points, adjusts the pulse width up or down through a set of pre-determined values. This can be considered analogous to the gearbox of a motor vehicle with the SMPS pulse width, switching frequency and output power roughly corresponding to the vehicle's gear ratio, engine speed and road speed respectively.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 6, 2006
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2009
    Assignee: Cambridge Semiconductor Limited
    Inventors: Philip John Moyse, David Robert Coulson, Russell Jacques, David M. Garner