Patents by Inventor Senad Bulja

Senad Bulja has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Patent number: 11888457
    Abstract: Circuitry comprising: a first resonant radio frequency conductive path between a first node and a third node; a second resonant radio frequency conductive path between a second node and the third node; an internode radio frequency conductive path between the first node and the second node; a shunt resonant element coupled to the third node and shared by the first resonant radio frequency conductive path and the second resonant radio frequency conductive path; and a phase shift element for introducing a relative phase shift to the first resonant radio frequency conductive path relative to the second resonant radio frequency conductive path.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 27, 2021
    Date of Patent: January 30, 2024
    Assignee: NOKIA TECHNOLOGIES OY
    Inventors: Senad Bulja, Kim Nielsen
  • Patent number: 11811124
    Abstract: An apparatus that is a voltage-controlled splitting and/or switching apparatus comprising a waveguide for a radio frequency signal comprising at least one input and at least two outputs, wherein the waveguide is a cavity waveguide or a polymer microwave fiber waveguide, and the waveguide comprises at least a first branch and a second branch, at least one element comprising voltage reactive material in between electrodes and extending, at least partly, across at least one of the first branch and the second branch, and a voltage control caused to apply voltage to the at least one element.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 21, 2021
    Date of Patent: November 7, 2023
    Assignee: Nokia Technologies Oy
    Inventors: Dirk Wiegner, Wolfgang Tempi, Senad Bulja, Rose Kopf
  • Patent number: 11804652
    Abstract: An apparatus including a dielectric lens and a feeding array having feeding elements at different positions. The apparatus also including circuitry configured to simultaneously operate one feeding element of a first group of feeding elements and one feeding element of a second group of feeding elements.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 24, 2020
    Date of Patent: October 31, 2023
    Assignee: NOKIA SOLUTIONS AND NETWORKS OY
    Inventors: Dmitry Kozlov, Senad Bulja, Jack Millist
  • Publication number: 20230208026
    Abstract: An apparatus comprising a first carrier and a plurality of electrically conductive elements arranged on the first carrier, wherein the apparatus is configured to selectively activate and/or deactivate at least one of the plurality of electrically conductive elements.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 20, 2021
    Publication date: June 29, 2023
    Applicant: NOKIA SOLUTIONS AND NETWORKS OY
    Inventors: Dirk WIEGNER, Wolfgang TEMPL, Senad BULJA
  • Patent number: 11678582
    Abstract: An apparatus includes a dielectric tile array including a plurality of dielectric tiles; and a plurality of electroactive (EA) material blocks configured to expand or contract in response to being actuated by the application of an actuation voltage.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 1, 2020
    Date of Patent: June 13, 2023
    Assignee: Nokia Technologies Oy
    Inventors: Senad Bulja, Dirk Wiegner, Wolfgang Templ, Rose F Kopf
  • Patent number: 11594795
    Abstract: A switchable element, a device and a method for analogue and programmable computing operating on electromagnetic waves having a frequency, wherein the switchable element is configured to configured to, in response to an activation signal, switch from having a first dielectric permittivity for electromagnetic waves having a frequency to having a second dielectric permittivity for electromagnetic waves having the frequency, and the device comprises a plurality of the switchable elements that are adapted to be switched individually in accordance with the computing operation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 28, 2020
    Date of Patent: February 28, 2023
    Assignee: Nokia Solutions and Networks Oy
    Inventors: Senad Bulja, Wolfgang Templ, Florian Pivit, Dirk Wiegner, Anna Zakrzewska, Pawel Rulikowski, Rose Kopf
  • Publication number: 20230055602
    Abstract: Apparatus including a first transmission line for transmitting radio frequency, RF, signals and at least one RF device including at least one active semiconductor device for processing RF signals, wherein said at least one RF device is coupled to said first transmission line, and wherein said first transmission line includes an electro-chromic, EC, material a permittivity of which can be controlled by applying a first control voltage to said first transmission line.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 22, 2021
    Publication date: February 23, 2023
    Inventors: Dirk Wiegner, Wolfgang TEMPL, Senad BULJA, Rose KOPF
  • Patent number: 11394097
    Abstract: Composite substrate for a waveguide for RF signals having a signal frequency, wherein said composite substrate comprises at least a first layer of dielectric material and a second layer of dielectric material, and at least one conductor layer of an electrically conductive material arranged between said first layer and said second layer, wherein a layer thickness of said at least one conductor layer is smaller than about 120 percent of a skin depth of said RF signals within said electrically conductive material of said conductor layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 27, 2018
    Date of Patent: July 19, 2022
    Assignee: NOKIA SOLUTIONS AND NETWORKS OY
    Inventors: Senad Bulja, Rose Fasano Kopf, Pawel Rulikowski, Majid Norooziarab
  • Publication number: 20220131251
    Abstract: An apparatus that is a voltage-controlled splitting and/or switching apparatus comprising a waveguide for a radio frequency signal comprising at least one input and at least two outputs, wherein the waveguide is a cavity waveguide or a polymer microwave fiber waveguide, and the waveguide comprises at least a first branch and a second branch, at least one element comprising voltage reactive material in between electrodes and extending, at least partly, across at least one of the first branch and the second branch, and a voltage control caused to apply voltage to the at least one element.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 21, 2021
    Publication date: April 28, 2022
    Applicant: Nokia Technologies Oy
    Inventors: Dirk Wiegner, Wolfgang Templ, Senad Bulja, Rose Kopf
  • Publication number: 20220123704
    Abstract: Circuitry comprising: a first resonant radio frequency conductive path between a first node and a third node; a second resonant radio frequency conductive path between a second node and the third node; an internode radio frequency conductive path between the first node and the second node; a shunt resonant element coupled to the third node and shared by the first resonant radio frequency conductive path and the second resonant radio frequency conductive path; and a phase shift element for introducing a relative phase shift to the first resonant radio frequency conductive path relative to the second resonant radio frequency conductive path.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 27, 2021
    Publication date: April 21, 2022
    Applicant: NOKIA TECHNOLOGIES OY
    Inventors: Senad BULJA, Kim Nielsen
  • Publication number: 20220124591
    Abstract: Circuitry comprising: a first radio path comprising a first filter configured for a first radio access technology (RAT) system; a second radio path comprising a second filter configured for a second radio access technology (RAT) system different to the first RAT system; means for obtaining a first indicator, dependent on the first RAT system, wherein the first indicator is one of a predetermined number of states; means for obtaining a second indicator, dependent on the second RAT system wherein the second indicator is one of a predetermined number of states; and means for using a combination of the states of the first indicator and the second indicator to control characteristics of at least the first filter.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 27, 2021
    Publication date: April 21, 2022
    Applicant: NOKIA TECHNOLOGIES OY
    Inventors: Kim NIELSEN, Senad BULJA, Bent Henneberg RYSGAARD
  • Patent number: 11309729
    Abstract: Apparatus comprising a first layer of electrically conductive material and a second layer of electrically conductive material, and a plurality of impedance elements connecting said first layer with said second layer, wherein an impedance value of at least some of said plurality of impedance elements is controllable.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 28, 2019
    Date of Patent: April 19, 2022
    Assignee: Nokia Solutions and Networks Oy
    Inventors: Senad Bulja, Pawel Rulikowski, Anna Wielgoszewska
  • Patent number: 11276907
    Abstract: Apparatus comprising a first layer of electrically conductive material, a second layer of electrically conductive material, and at least one dielectric layer, which comprises a solid dielectric material, arranged between said first layer and said second layer, wherein at least one distributed resonator structure comprising a plurality of resonator posts is arranged in said at least one dielectric layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 19, 2020
    Date of Patent: March 15, 2022
    Assignee: NOKIA SOLUTIONS AND NETWORKS OY
    Inventors: Florian Pivit, Senad Bulja
  • Patent number: 11264720
    Abstract: An electrically controllable RF circuit that includes an EC cell and an EAP-based actuator configured to produce relative movement of an electrode of the electrochromic cell and an electrically conducting patch or another electrode electromagnetically coupled thereto. In one embodiment, the RF circuit operates as a tunable patch antenna whose frequency characteristics can be changed by changing the bias voltages applied to the EC cell and EAP-based actuator. Advantageously, the capability to tune the antenna using two different tuning mechanisms (i.e., a dielectric-permittivity based tuning mechanism implemented using the EC cell and a geometry-based tuning mechanism implemented using the EAP-based actuator) provides more degrees of control over the pertinent antenna characteristics compared to what is available in some other antenna designs.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 28, 2019
    Date of Patent: March 1, 2022
    Assignee: Nokia Technologies Oy
    Inventors: Dirk Wiegner, Wolfgang Templ, Senad Bulja, Rose F. Kopf
  • Patent number: 11201634
    Abstract: A radio-frequency switching apparatus that can be used to turn a signal path on or off or to attenuate a radio-frequency signal. The switching apparatus comprises at least one radio-frequency input, at least one radio-frequency output, at least one transmission line providing a signal path between the at least one radio-frequency input and the at least one radio-frequency output, and at least one transition metal oxide portion. The radio-frequency switching apparatus also comprises direct current blocking means electrically coupled between the at least one transition metal portion and the at least one radio-frequency input. The radio-frequency switching apparatus also comprises biasing means for providing a bias across the at least one transition metal oxide portion such that power transferred between the radio-frequency input and the radio-frequency output is controlled by controlling the bias level across the at least one transition metal oxide portion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 18, 2021
    Date of Patent: December 14, 2021
    Assignee: Nokia Technologies Oy
    Inventors: Senad Bulja, Dirk Wiegner, Wolfgang Templ, Rose Kopf
  • Publication number: 20210313390
    Abstract: An apparatus includes a dielectric tile array including a plurality of dielectric tiles; and a plurality of electroactive (EA) material blocks configured to expand or contract in response to being actuated by the application of an actuation voltage.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 1, 2020
    Publication date: October 7, 2021
    Applicant: Nokia Technologies OY
    Inventors: Senad BULJA, Dirk WIEGNER, Wolfgang TEMPL, Rose F KOPF
  • Patent number: 11139544
    Abstract: An electrically controllable RF-circuit element that includes at least one layer of an electrochromic material sandwiched between two corresponding layers of a solid-electrolyte material and placed adjacent and along a length of RF transmission line. In one example embodiment, the electrically controllable RF-circuit element operates as a tunable band-stop (e.g., notch) filter whose stop band can be spectrally moved by changing one or more dc-bias voltages applied across the corresponding layer stack(s). In another example embodiment, the electrically controllable RF-circuit element operates as a tunable phase shifter whose phase-shifting characteristics can be changed by changing one or more dc-bias voltages applied across the corresponding layer stack(s).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 6, 2019
    Date of Patent: October 5, 2021
    Assignee: Nokia Technologies Oy
    Inventors: Dirk Wiegner, Wolfgang Templ, Senad Bulja, Rose F. Kopf
  • Publication number: 20210306020
    Abstract: A radio-frequency switching apparatus that can be used to turn a signal path on or off or to attenuate a radio-frequency signal. The switching apparatus comprises at least one radio-frequency input, at least one radio-frequency output, at least one transmission line providing a signal path between the at least one radio-frequency input and the at least one radio-frequency output, and at least one transition metal oxide portion. The radio-frequency switching apparatus also comprises direct current blocking means electrically coupled between the at least one transition metal portion and the at least one radio-frequency input. The radio-frequency switching apparatus also comprises biasing means for providing a bias across the at least one transition metal oxide portion such that power transferred between the radio-frequency input and the radio-frequency output is controlled by controlling the bias level across the at least one transition metal oxide portion.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 18, 2021
    Publication date: September 30, 2021
    Inventors: Senad BULJA, Dirk WIEGNER, Wolfgang TEMPL, Rose KOPF
  • Patent number: 11063335
    Abstract: A resonator assembly and method are disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 8, 2017
    Date of Patent: July 13, 2021
    Assignee: Nokia Technologies Oy
    Inventors: Efstratios Doumanis, Senad Bulja
  • Publication number: 20210124231
    Abstract: An electrically controllable RF circuit that includes an EC cell and an EAP-based actuator configured to produce relative movement of an electrode of the electrochromic cell and an electrically conducting patch or another electrode electromagnetically coupled thereto. In one embodiment, the RF circuit operates as a tunable patch antenna whose frequency characteristics can be changed by changing the bias voltages applied to the EC cell and EAP-based actuator. Advantageously, the capability to tune the antenna using two different tuning mechanisms (i.e., a dielectric-permittivity based tuning mechanism implemented using the EC cell and a geometry-based tuning mechanism implemented using the EAP-based actuator) provides more degrees of control over the pertinent antenna characteristics compared to what is available in some other antenna designs.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 28, 2019
    Publication date: April 29, 2021
    Applicant: Nokia Technologies Oy
    Inventors: Dirk Wiegner, Wolfgang Templ, Senad Bulja, Rose F. Kopf