Patents by Inventor Steven Johnston

Steven Johnston has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Patent number: 10644367
    Abstract: A battery thermal management system includes a passenger cabin air-conditioning refrigerant loop including at least one evaporator in fluid communication with a chiller and a battery pack coolant loop in fluid communication with the chiller. A controller is configured to determine whether a temperature of the at least one evaporator falls within a predetermined temperature range, and if so to cause a valve to bypass a refrigerant from the air-conditioning refrigerant loop to the chiller. Evaporator temperature is determined by providing at least one evaporator temperature sensor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 4, 2016
    Date of Patent: May 5, 2020
    Assignee: Ford Global Technologies, LLC
    Inventors: Ali Jalilevand, Manfred Koberstein, Kenneth J. Jackson, Michael Steven Wallis, William Stewart Johnston
  • Publication number: 20200127449
    Abstract: A device for capturing a line passed into a cavity on a first side of a structure and retrieving the line through to a second side of the structure, the device comprising: (a) a first conduit adapted to define a pathway between the first and second sides of the structure and including: first and second lateral guide members that are opposed and each define a first surface that extends into and along the inside of the first conduit; (b) a mounting member for the first conduit; and (c) a resiliently flexible member capable of being passed through the first conduit and defining a stem portion and a loop portion in the cavity to capture said line.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 28, 2018
    Publication date: April 23, 2020
    Inventor: Steven Johnston
  • Patent number: 10621638
    Abstract: A method, apparatus, and computer-readable medium for leveraging real-time sales volume for conducting group buys comprising initializing a sale of an item, the sale specifying a current price of the item which is calculated based on a current sales volume of the item and sales volume ranges, processing transactions with users for items at a purchase price equal to the current price when a purchase request is received from the corresponding user, terminating the sale of the item at a closing price when the current sales volume has reached a threshold or when a period of time has passed since the sale was initialized, and crediting accounts belonging to one or more users with an additional amount based at least in part on a difference between the closing price and the purchase price for each item for the corresponding user.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 19, 2016
    Date of Patent: April 14, 2020
    Inventors: Severo D'Souza, Patricia Frey, Payson Johnston, Shuo Zhang, Steven Lee
  • Publication number: 20190387695
    Abstract: Provided herein are methodology and composition for use of any nut (such as almond, walnut, or pistachio) or legume (peanut) shell and/or husk material in a growing substrate, with or without other components such as peat, perlite, or coir; for plant growth, whether it be used in its whole form or some reduced form such as, having been chipped or ground, and whether composted or not.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 26, 2018
    Publication date: December 26, 2019
    Inventors: Steven Douglas NELSON, Michael Dean NELSON, Daniel Steven NELSON, David JOHNSTON, Scott Charles NELSON
  • Publication number: 20190314416
    Abstract: A method for promoting healing of tissue by delivering a bioreactor into a subject is provided. The bioreactor is an enclosed housing with paracrine factor producing cells enclosed within the housing. The housing is impermeable to the paracrine factor producing cells, impermeable to immunological cells outside of the housing, and permeable to paracrine factors produced by the paracrine factor producing cells. The paracrine factors produced by the paracrine factor producing cells are released out of the housing to promote healing of the tissue.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 21, 2019
    Publication date: October 17, 2019
    Inventors: Gary Gerstenblith, Jason Benkoski, George Coles, Chao-Wei Hwang, Peter Johnston, Gordon Tomaselli, Robert G. Weiss, Steven P. Schulman
  • Publication number: 20190220065
    Abstract: This application relates to hidden fasteners within an electronic device. An electronic device can include a top portion and a base portion that includes a housing and a cover attached to the housing by at least one fastener that is not visible through an external surface of the cover. Each fastener includes a receiver housing that retrains spherical components and a pin that can be inserted into an opening in the receiver housing. The pin is retained in the receiver housing by a force imparted against a surface of the pin by the spherical components, which are biased towards an inner surface of the receiver housing sloped towards the opening. The pin can be released when an external magnetic field from a magnet placed proximate the bottom surface of the receiver housing retracts the spherical components away from the opening, thereby reducing the force against the surface of the pin.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 15, 2019
    Publication date: July 18, 2019
    Inventors: Simon Regis Louis LANCASTER-LAROCQUE, Kent JOHNSTON, Michael MALONEY, John C. DIFONZO, Gurshan DEOL, Kamal H. HABBOUB, Keith J. HENDREN, Karan BIR, Steven J. OSBORNE, Christiaan A. LIGTENBERG
  • Publication number: 20190188742
    Abstract: Embodiments for estimating substitutability between skills by combining skill similarities from one or more data sources by a processor. An adjacency of skill similarity of one or more skills of one or more entities may be determined. The adjacency of skill similarity may be used to generate one or more skill clusters. Skill demand of the one or more skill clusters may be forecasted.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 20, 2017
    Publication date: June 20, 2019
    Inventors: Shrihari VASUDEVAN, Moninder SINGH, Joydeep MONDAL, Michael PERAN, Ben ZWEIG, Brian JOHNSTON, Rachel M. ROSENFELD, Pankaj SRIVASTAVA, Owen CROPPER, Steven LOEHR
  • Patent number: 9641125
    Abstract: The present disclosure relates to optical methods and systems for detecting defects in photovoltaic (PV) devices such as PV cells, PV panels, PV modules, and PV arrays.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 21, 2016
    Date of Patent: May 2, 2017
    Assignee: Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC
    Inventor: Steven Johnston
  • Publication number: 20170050238
    Abstract: A sleeve (110) for use in metal casting has a sleeve body, where a longitudinal axis (B) has a side wall (116) formed around it, defining a sleeve interior. The sleeve body is open at a first end (118). A core (120) is formed integrally along an interior surface extends into the sleeve interior. The sleeve body and the core are formed of a gas-permeable refractory material. At least the core contains material for generating heat when heated by a molten metal. The core extends along the side wall from the first end to a second end. The core has a width that is constant or decreases in a radial direction away from the side wall, especially with a triangular profile, with a base thereof in contact with the side wall. The sleeve body is cylindrical or frustoconical, with a diameter that decreases from the open first end.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 9, 2016
    Publication date: February 23, 2017
    Inventors: Ronald Craig AUFDERHEIDE, Steven JOHNSTON, Lee R. HORVATH, Sean HARMON
  • Publication number: 20160218670
    Abstract: The present disclosure relates to optical methods and systems for detecting defects in photovoltaic (PV) devices such as PV cells, PV panels, PV modules, and PV arrays.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 21, 2016
    Publication date: July 28, 2016
    Inventor: Steven JOHNSTON
  • Publication number: 20120010240
    Abstract: A cut-point in the quantitative measurement of PTEN protein expression that accurately identifies tumors with two inactivated alleles of the PTEN gene. Patients with a normalized PTEN score of PTEN null will be treated with a pan-ErbB tyrosine kinase inhibitor. A normalized PTEN protein expression score is obtained by comparing the tumor PTEN OD expression value with the non-malignant PTEN OD expression value.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 4, 2011
    Publication date: January 12, 2012
    Applicant: Wyeth LLC
    Inventors: Christina Marie Coughlin, Jay Marshall Feingold, Daniel Steven Johnston, Anna Berkenblit, Andrew Louis Strahs, Charles Michael Zacharchuk
  • Patent number: 8056604
    Abstract: A test casting is useful for predicting the severity of skin that will form when compacted graphite iron or ductile iron is cast using a selected foundry mix. The mold is made from the foundry mix and has a gating system with at least two ingates, and with a hollow cylindrical shape associated with each ingate. The hollow cylindrical shapes are substantially the same height, but the diameter of each varies by at least 20% from the diameter of any of the other cylindrical shapes. Molten metal poured into the gating system fills each of the hollow cylindrical shapes. When the metal cools and solidifies, a solid cylinder of the metal is produced in each hollow cylindrical shape. The solid metal cylinders, each with a distinct diameter, are cut and inspected to measure the skin formed thereon.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 4, 2009
    Date of Patent: November 15, 2011
    Assignee: Ask Chemicals L.P.
    Inventors: Flavia Cunha Duncan, Jorg Kroker, Steven Johnston
  • Publication number: 20110056643
    Abstract: A process for preparing a test casting useful for predicting the severity of skin that will form on a casting made of compacted graphite iron or ductile iron and the test casting prepared by the process.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 4, 2009
    Publication date: March 10, 2011
    Inventors: Flavia Cunha Duncan, Jorg Kroker, Steven Johnston
  • Publication number: 20070298608
    Abstract: Noble metal may be used as a non-oxidizing diffusion barrier to prevent diffusion from copper lines. A diffusion barrier may be formed of a noble metal formed over an adhesion promoting layer or by a noble metal cap over an oxidizable diffusion barrier. The copper lines may also be covered with a noble metal.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 31, 2007
    Publication date: December 27, 2007
    Inventors: Steven Johnston, Valery Dubin, Michael McSwiney, Peter Moon
  • Publication number: 20070246442
    Abstract: A method for removing damages of a dual damascene structure after plasma etching is disclosed. The method comprises the use of sublimation processes to deposit reactive material onto the damaged regions and conditions to achieve a controlled removal of the damaged region. Furthermore a semiconductor structure comprising a dual damascene structure that has been treated by the method is disclosed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 20, 2006
    Publication date: October 25, 2007
    Inventors: William America, Steven Johnston, Brian Messenger
  • Patent number: 7220671
    Abstract: Chemical phase deposition processes utilizing organometallic precursors to form thin films are herein described. The organometallic precursors may include a single metal center or multiple metal centers. The chemical phase deposition may be chemical vapor deposition (CVD), atomic layer deposition (ALD), or hybrid CVD and ALD. The use of these chemical phase deposition processes with the organometallic precursors allows for the conformal deposition of films within openings having widths of less than 100 nm and more particularly less than 50 nm to form thin films such as barrier layers, seed layers, and adhesion layers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 31, 2005
    Date of Patent: May 22, 2007
    Assignee: Intel Corporation
    Inventors: Harsono Simka, Juan Dominguez, Steven Johnston, Adrien Lavoie, Kevin O'Brien
  • Publication number: 20070075427
    Abstract: A method for forming a metal carbide layer begins with providing a substrate, an organometallic precursor material, at least one doping agent such as nitrogen, and a plasma such as a hydrogen plasma. The substrate is placed within a reaction chamber; and heated. A process cycle is then performed, where the process cycle includes pulsing the organometallic precursor material into the reaction chamber, pulsing the doping agent into the reaction chamber, and pulsing the plasma into the reaction chamber, such that the organometallic precursor material, the doping agent, and the plasma react at the surface of the substrate to form a metal carbide layer. The process cycles can be repeated and varied to form a graded metal carbide layer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 30, 2005
    Publication date: April 5, 2007
    Inventors: Adrien Lavoie, Valery Dubin, Juan Dominguez, Kevin O'Brien, Steven Johnston, John Peck, David Thompson, David Peters
  • Publication number: 20070004230
    Abstract: A method for forming a semiconductor device is disclosed wherein atomic layer deposition (ALD) precursor species and/or by-product absorbed by an ILD are outgassed and/or neutralized prior to subsequently patterning the semiconductor device, thereby improving the ability to accurately define subsequently formed interconnect structures in the ILD.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 30, 2005
    Publication date: January 4, 2007
    Inventors: Steven Johnston, Kevin O'Brien, Sridhar Balakrishnan
  • Publication number: 20060286800
    Abstract: A method for fabricating a barrier layer and a barrier layer is described which employs a metal selected from the group of Ru, Ir, Pd, Pt, Rh, Os, Au, Ag, W, Ta and Ti. A graded region is formed to cause the metal to adhere to an underlying substrate. Direct plating is enabled without a seed layer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 15, 2005
    Publication date: December 21, 2006
    Inventors: Juan Dominguez, Michael McSwiney, Steven Johnston
  • Patent number: D772312
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 17, 2015
    Date of Patent: November 22, 2016
    Assignee: ASK CHEMICALS L.P.
    Inventors: Steven Johnston, Thomas Brandt, Sean Harmon