Patents by Inventor William J. Federspiel

William J. Federspiel has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Publication number: 20150129493
    Abstract: A method for removal of at least a portion of carbon dioxide from an aqueous fluid such as a blood fluid includes placing a first surface of at least one membrane through which carbon dioxide and at least one acid gas other than carbon dioxide can pass in fluid in contact with the fluid. The membrane limits or prevent passage of the fluid therethrough. A carrier or sweep gas including the acid gas other than carbon dioxide is passed over a second surface (which is typically opposite the first surface) of the membrane so that the acid gas other than carbon dioxide can pass through the membrane into the fluid, and carbon dioxide from the fluid can pass from the liquid, through the membrane, and into the sweep gas.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 15, 2013
    Publication date: May 14, 2015
    Applicant: University of Pittsburgh-of The Commonweath System of Higher Education
    Inventors: William J. Federspiel, David T. Arazawa, Jeremy D. Kimmel
  • Publication number: 20140228741
    Abstract: A system for intracorporeal gas exchange includes a flexible, rotatable shaft; a plurality of axially spaced agitation mechanisms positioned on the rotatable shaft, such that the rotatable shaft can flex between the axially spaced agitation mechanisms; a plurality of hollow gas permeable fibers adapted to permit diffusion of gas between intracorporeal fluid and an interior of the hollow fibers. The plurality of hollow fibers is positioned radially outward from the agitation mechanisms. A blood contacting medical system includes at least one seal, and a purge system via which a flushing fluid is introduced under pressure over a blood-side face of the seal and caused to flow through a space on the blood side of the seal. The system can further include a rotatable member. The space on the blood side of the seal can be in fluid connection with an annular space adjacent to a rotating element operatively connected to the rotatable member.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 14, 2014
    Publication date: August 14, 2014
    Applicant: UNIVERSITY OF PITTSBURGH - OF THE COMMONWEALTH SYSTEM OF HIGHER EDUCATION
    Inventors: BRIAN J. FRANKOWSKI, WILLIAM J. FEDERSPIEL, KEVIN M. MIHELC, SAMUEL C. LIEBER
  • Patent number: 8734382
    Abstract: A system for intracorporeal gas exchange includes a flexible, rotatable shaft; a plurality of axially spaced agitation mechanisms positioned on the rotatable shaft, such that the rotatable shaft can flex between the axially spaced agitation mechanisms; a plurality of hollow gas permeable fibers adapted to permit diffusion of a gas between an intracorporeal fluid and an interior of the hollow fibers. The plurality of hollow fibers is positioned radially outward from the agitation mechanisms. A blood contacting medical system includes at least one seal, and a purge system via which a flushing fluid is introduced under pressure over a blood-side face of the at least one seal and caused to flow through a space on the blood-side face of the at least one seal. The system can further include a rotatable member. The space on the blood-side face of the at least one seal can be in fluid connection with an annular space adjacent to a rotating element operatively connected to the rotatable member.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 6, 2009
    Date of Patent: May 27, 2014
    Assignee: University of Pittsburgh—Of the Commonwealth System of Higher Education
    Inventors: Brian J. Frankowski, William J. Federspiel, Kevin M. Mihelc, Samuel C. Lieber
  • Publication number: 20140065016
    Abstract: A paracorporeal respiratory assist lung is configured with an annular cylindrical hollow fiber membrane (fiber bundle) that is rotated at rapidly varying speeds. Fluid (for example, blood) is introduced to the center of the device and is passed radially through the fiber bundle. The bundle is rotated at rapidly changing velocities with a rotational actuator (for example, a motor or magnetic coupling). The rotation of the fiber bundle provides centrifugal kinetic energy to the fluid giving the device pumping capabilities and may create Taylor vortexes to increase mass transfer. Rotation of the fiber bundle increases the relative velocity between the fluid and the hollow fibers and increases the mass transfer. The porosity of the fiber bundle may be varied to enhance gas exchange with the blood. Alternatively, a rotating core may be used with a stationary fiber bundle.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 11, 2011
    Publication date: March 6, 2014
    Applicant: UNIVERSITY OF PITTSBURGH-OF THE COMMONWEALTH SYSTEM OF HIGHER EDUCATION
    Inventors: William J. FEDERSPIEL, Brian J. FRANKOWSKI, Brendan C. MACK, Scott W. MORLEY, Meir ROSENBERG, Robert G. SVITEK
  • Patent number: 8647569
    Abstract: A paracorporeal respiratory assist lung is configured with an annular cylindrical hollow fiber membrane (fiber bundle) that is rotated at rapidly varying speeds. Fluid (for example, blood) is introduced to the center of the device and is passed radially through the fiber bundle. The bundle is rotated at rapidly changing velocities with a rotational actuator (for example, a motor or magnetic coupling). The rotation of the fiber bundle provides centrifugal kinetic energy to the fluid giving the device pumping capabilities and may create Taylor vortexes to increase mass transfer. Rotation of the fiber bundle increases the relative velocity between the fluid and the hollow fibers and increases the mass transfer. The porosity of the fiber bundle may be varied to enhance gas exchange with the blood. Alternatively, a rotating core may be used with a stationary fiber bundle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 11, 2011
    Date of Patent: February 11, 2014
    Assignee: ALung Technologies, Inc
    Inventors: William J. Federspiel, Brian J. Frankowski, Brendan C. Mack, Scott W. Morley, Meir Rosenberg, Robert G. Svitek
  • Publication number: 20140030694
    Abstract: An oxygen depletion device. The device has a cartridge; a plurality of hollow fibers extending within the cartridge from an entrance to an exit thereof; an amount of an oxygen scavenger packed within the cartridge and contiguous to and in between the plurality of hollow fibers. The hollow fibers are adapted to receiving and conveying red blood cells. There is another embodiment of an oxygen depletion device and method for removing oxygen from red blood cells.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 26, 2013
    Publication date: January 30, 2014
    Applicants: University of Pittsburgh - Of the Commonwealth System of Higher Education, New Health Sciences, Inc.
    Inventors: William J. FEDERSPIEL, Brian J. FRANKOWSKI, Tatsuro YOSHIDA, Paul J. VERNUCCI
  • Patent number: 8569052
    Abstract: An oxygen depletion device. The device has a cartridge; a plurality of hollow fibers extending within the cartridge from an entrance to an exit thereof; an amount of an oxygen scavenger packed within the cartridge and contiguous to and in between the plurality of hollow fibers. The hollow fibers are adapted to receiving and conveying red blood cells. There is another embodiment of an oxygen depletion device and method for removing oxygen from red blood cells.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 25, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 29, 2013
    Assignees: New Health Sciences, Inc., University of Pittsburgh-Of the Commonwealth System of Higher Education
    Inventors: William J. Federspiel, Brian J. Frankowski, Tatsuro Yoshida, Paul J. Vernucci
  • Patent number: 8323379
    Abstract: A method of improving the blood compatibility of a blood-contacting surface includes immobilizing carbonic anhydrase on the surface, wherein the surface exhibits carbonic anhydrase activity of at least 20% of maximum theoretical activity of the surface based on monolayer surface coverage of carbonic anhydrase.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 24, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 4, 2012
    Assignee: University of Pittsburgh—of the Commonwealth System of Higher Education
    Inventors: William J. Federspiel, Alan J. Russell, Heung-Il Oh, Joel Kaar
  • Publication number: 20120201799
    Abstract: A method of modifying cells includes removing fluid including cells from a patient, contacting the removed fluid from the patient with at least one surface upon which at least one agent to interact at least one cell receptor is immobilized to modify cells in the fluid, and returning the fluid to the patient. The agent can, for example, be immobilized via covalent bonding or ionic bonding to the at least one surface. The fluid can, for example, be blood or a blood fraction. The agent can, for example, be an agonist, an antagonist or an inverse agonist.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 7, 2010
    Publication date: August 9, 2012
    Inventors: William J. Federspiel, John Alston Kellum, Kai Singbartl
  • Publication number: 20120129149
    Abstract: A system for reducing the concentration of oxygen in a fluid including red blood cells includes a housing, a plurality of hollow tubes extending within the housing and adapted for flow of the fluid therethrough, wherein each tube includes an inlet and an outlet, and a carrier system that reduces the concentration of oxygen at an exterior surface of the tubes to facilitate transport of oxygen from the fluid flowing through the tubes to an exterior of the tubes.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 31, 2010
    Publication date: May 24, 2012
    Inventors: William J. Federspiel, Tatsuro Yoshida, Paul J. Vernucci, Brian Joseph Frankowski, Laura Wheeler Lund
  • Publication number: 20120100523
    Abstract: An oxygen depletion device. The device has a cartridge; a plurality of hollow fibers extending within the cartridge from an entrance to an exit thereof; an amount of an oxygen scavenger packed within the cartridge and contiguous to and in between the plurality of hollow fibers. The hollow fibers are adapted to receiving and conveying red blood cells. There is another embodiment of an oxygen depletion device and method for removing oxygen from red blood cells.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 25, 2011
    Publication date: April 26, 2012
    Inventors: William J. Federspiel, Brian J. Frankowski, Tatsuro Yoshida, Paul J. Vernucci
  • Publication number: 20120040429
    Abstract: A method of improving the blood compatibility of a blood-contacting surface includes immobilizing carbonic anhydrase on the surface, wherein the surface exhibits carbonic anhydrase activity of at least 20% of maximum theoretical activity of the surface based on monolayer surface coverage of carbonic anhydrase.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 24, 2011
    Publication date: February 16, 2012
    Inventors: WILLIAM J. FEDERSPIEL, ALAN J. RUSSELL, HEUNG-IL OH, JOEL L. KAAR
  • Patent number: 8043411
    Abstract: A device for removal of at least a portion of carbon dioxide from an aqueous fluid includes at least one membrane through which carbon dioxide can pass to be removed from the fluid and immobilized carbonic anhydrase on or in the vicinity of a first surface of the membrane to be contacted with the fluid such that the immobilized carbonic anhydrase comes into contact with the fluid. The first surface exhibits carbonic anhydrase activity of at least 20% of maximum theoretical activity of the first surface of the membrane based on monolayer surface coverage of carbonic anhydrase in the case that the carbonic anhydrase is immobilize on the first surface.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 16, 2010
    Date of Patent: October 25, 2011
    Assignee: University of Pittsburgh - of the Commonwealth System of Higher Education
    Inventors: William J. Federspiel, Allan J. Russell, Heung-Il Oh, Joel Kaar
  • Patent number: 7927544
    Abstract: A paracorporeal respiratory assist lung is configured with an annular cylindrical hollow fiber membrane (fiber bundle) that is rotated at rapidly varying speeds. Fluid (for example, blood) is introduced to the center of the device and is passed radially through the fiber bundle. The bundle is rotated at rapidly changing velocities with a rotational actuator (for example, a motor or magnetic coupling). The rotation of the fiber bundle provides centrifugal kinetic energy to the fluid giving the device pumping capabilities and may create Taylor vortexes to increase mass transfer. Rotation of the fiber bundle increases the relative velocity between the fluid and the hollow fibers and increases the mass transfer. The porosity of the fiber bundle may be varied to enhance gas exchange with the blood. Alternatively, a rotating core may be used with a stationary fiber bundle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 21, 2006
    Date of Patent: April 19, 2011
    Assignee: Alung Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: William J. Federspiel, Brian J. Frankowski, Brendan C. Mack, Scott W. Morley, Meir Rosenberg, Robert G. Svitek
  • Publication number: 20100331767
    Abstract: A system for intracorporeal gas exchange includes a flexible, rotatable shaft; a plurality of axially spaced agitation mechanisms positioned on the rotatable shaft, such that the rotatable shaft can flex between the axially spaced agitation mechanisms; a plurality of hollow gas permeable fibers adapted to permit diffusion of gas between intracorporeal fluid and an interior of the hollow fibers. The plurality of hollow fibers is positioned radially outward from the agitation mechanisms. A blood contacting medical system includes at least one seal, and a purge system via which a flushing fluid is introduced under pressure over a blood-side face of the seal and caused to flow through a space on the blood side of the seal. The system can further include a rotatable member. The space on the blood side of the seal can be in fluid connection with an annular space adjacent to a rotating element operatively connected to the rotatable member.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 6, 2009
    Publication date: December 30, 2010
    Inventors: Brian J. Frankowski, William J. Federspiel, Kevin M. Mihelc, Samuel C. Lieber
  • Publication number: 20100258116
    Abstract: A device for removal of at least a portion of carbon dioxide from an aqueous fluid includes at least one membrane through which carbon dioxide can pass to be removed from the fluid and immobilized carbonic anhydrase on or in the vicinity of a first surface of the membrane to be contacted with the fluid such that the immobilized carbonic anhydrase comes into contact with the fluid. The first surface exhibits carbonic anhydrase activity of at least 20% of maximum theoretical activity of the first surface of the membrane based on monolayer surface coverage of carbonic anhydrase in the case that the carbonic anhydrase is immobilize on the first surface.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 16, 2010
    Publication date: October 14, 2010
    Inventors: William J. Federspiel, Alan J. Russell, Heung-IL Oh, Joel L. Kaar
  • Patent number: 7763097
    Abstract: A device for removal of at least a portion of carbon dioxide from an aqueous fluid includes at least one membrane through which carbon dioxide can pass to be removed from the fluid and immobilized carbonic anhydrase on or in the vicinity of a first surface of the membrane to be contacted with the fluid such that the immobilized carbonic anhydrase comes into contact with the fluid. The first surface exhibits carbonic anhydrase activity of at least 20% of maximum theoretical activity of the first surface of the membrane based on monolayer surface coverage of carbonic anhydrase in the case that the carbonic anhydrase is immobilize on the first surface.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 8, 2007
    Date of Patent: July 27, 2010
    Assignee: University of Pittsburgh—of the Commonwealth System of Higher Education
    Inventors: William J. Federspiel, Alan J. Russell, Heung-Il Oh, Joel L. Kaar
  • Publication number: 20040225233
    Abstract: A system for placement of a medical device in a body passage including a first and second guidewire, each configured with magnets on their distal ends. The guidewires are inserted through different access sites of a body passage and blindly connected using the magnets. The first guidewire is inserted into a first insertion site and the second guidewire is inserted into a second insertion site. Once the distal ends of the guidewires are attached, the second guidewire can then be removed from the first insertion site, detached from the first guidewire and attached to a medical device. The distal end of the second guidewire can then be pulled through the second insertion site to guide the medical device into a desired location in the body passage.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 9, 2003
    Publication date: November 11, 2004
    Inventors: Brian J. Frankowski, William J. Federspiel, Joseph F. Golob, Brack G. Hattler