Patents by Inventor Zihui Wang

Zihui Wang has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Publication number: 20210167126
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to a perpendicular magnetic structure comprising a first seed layer including tantalum, a second seed layer deposited on top of the first seed layer and including iridium, a third seed layer deposited on top of the second seed layer, and a fourth seed layer deposited on top of the third seed layer and including chromium. The third seed layer includes one of NiFe, NiFeB, NiFeCr, CoFeB, CoFeTa, CoFeW, CoFeMo, CoFeTaB, CoFeWB, or CoFeMoB. The perpendicular magnetic structure further includes a magnetic fixed layer structure formed on top of the fourth seed layer and having an invariable magnetization direction substantially perpendicular to a layer plane of the magnetic fixed layer structure. The magnetic fixed layer structure includes layers of a magnetic material interleaved with layers of a transition metal. The magnetic material includes cobalt. The transition metal includes one of nickel, platinum, palladium, or iridium.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 13, 2021
    Publication date: June 3, 2021
    Inventors: Zihui Wang, Yiming Huai
  • Publication number: 20210159399
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to a magnetic memory element including a magnetic free layer structure incorporating three magnetic free layers separated by two perpendicular enhancement layers (PELs) and having a variable magnetization direction substantially perpendicular to layer planes thereof; an insulating tunnel junction layer formed adjacent to the magnetic free layer structure; a first magnetic reference layer formed adjacent to the insulating tunnel junction layer opposite the magnetic free layer structure; a second magnetic reference layer separated from the first magnetic reference layer by a third perpendicular enhancement layer; an anti-ferromagnetic coupling layer formed adjacent to the second magnetic reference layer; and a magnetic fixed layer formed adjacent to the anti-ferromagnetic coupling layer. The first and second magnetic reference layers have a first invariable magnetization direction substantially perpendicular to layer planes thereof.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 23, 2021
    Publication date: May 27, 2021
    Inventors: Yiming Huai, Zihui Wang
  • Patent number: 10950659
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to a perpendicular magnetic structure including a first seed layer comprising a first transition metal and nitrogen, a second seed layer deposited on top of the first seed layer, and a third seed layer deposited on top of the second seed layer. One of the second and third seed layers comprises cobalt, iron, and boron. The other one of the second and third seed layers comprises chromium. The perpendicular magnetic structure further includes a magnetic fixed layer structure formed on top of the third seed layer and having an invariable magnetization direction substantially perpendicular to a layer plane of the magnetic fixed layer structure. The magnetic fixed layer structure includes layers of a magnetic material interleaved with layers of a second transition metal. The first transition metal is titanium or tantalum. The second transition metal is one of nickel, platinum, palladium, or iridium.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 16, 2020
    Date of Patent: March 16, 2021
    Assignee: Avalanche Technology, Inc.
    Inventors: Zihui Wang, Yiming Huai
  • Patent number: 10910555
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to a magnetic memory element including a magnetic free layer structure incorporating three magnetic free layers separated by two perpendicular enhancement layers (PELs) and having a variable magnetization direction substantially perpendicular to layer planes thereof; an insulating tunnel junction layer formed adjacent to the magnetic free layer structure; a first magnetic reference layer formed adjacent to the insulating tunnel junction layer opposite the magnetic free layer structure; a second magnetic reference layer separated from the first magnetic reference layer by a third perpendicular enhancement layer; an anti-ferromagnetic coupling layer formed adjacent to the second magnetic reference layer; and a magnetic fixed layer formed adjacent to the anti-ferromagnetic coupling layer. The first and second magnetic reference layers have a first invariable magnetization direction substantially perpendicular to layer planes thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 26, 2020
    Date of Patent: February 2, 2021
    Assignee: Avalanche Technology, Inc.
    Inventors: Zihui Wang, Xiaojie Hao, Longqian Hu, Yiming Huai
  • Publication number: 20200312905
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to a perpendicular magnetic structure including a first seed layer comprising a first transition metal and nitrogen, a second seed layer deposited on top of the first seed layer, and a third seed layer deposited on top of the second seed layer. One of the second and third seed layers comprises cobalt, iron, and boron. The other one of the second and third seed layers comprises chromium. The perpendicular magnetic structure further includes a magnetic fixed layer structure formed on top of the third seed layer and having an invariable magnetization direction substantially perpendicular to a layer plane of the magnetic fixed layer structure. The magnetic fixed layer structure includes layers of a magnetic material interleaved with layers of a second transition metal. The first transition metal is titanium or tantalum. The second transition metal is one of nickel, platinum, palladium, or iridium.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 16, 2020
    Publication date: October 1, 2020
    Inventors: Zihui Wang, Yiming Huai
  • Patent number: 10727400
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to a magnetic memory element including a magnetic free layer structure having a variable magnetization direction perpendicular to a layer plane thereof; a non-magnetic metal layer formed adjacent to the magnetic free layer structure; an oxide layer formed adjacent to the non-magnetic metal layer; an insulating tunnel junction layer formed adjacent to the magnetic free layer structure opposite the non-magnetic metal layer; a first magnetic reference layer formed adjacent to the insulating tunnel junction layer; a second magnetic reference layer separated from the first magnetic reference layer by a perpendicular enhancement layer; an antiferromagnetic coupling layer formed adjacent to the second magnetic reference layer; and a magnetic fixed layer structure formed adjacent to the antiferromagnetic coupling layer. The first and second magnetic reference layers have a first invariable magnetization direction substantially perpendicular to layer planes thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 24, 2018
    Date of Patent: July 28, 2020
    Assignee: Avalanche Technology, Inc.
    Inventors: Zihui Wang, Yiming Huai, Huadong Gan, Yuchen Zhou
  • Patent number: 10720469
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to a magnetic structure including a first seed layer, a second seed layer formed on top of the first seed layer, and a third seed layer made of chromium or iridium formed on top of the second seed layer. One of the first and second seed layers comprises cobalt, iron, and boron. The other one of the first and second seed layers is made of iridium, rhodium, cobalt, platinum, palladium, nickel, ruthenium, or rhenium. The magnetic structure further includes a magnetic fixed layer structure formed on top of the third seed layer and having an invariable magnetization direction substantially perpendicular to a layer plane thereof. The magnetic fixed layer structure includes layers of a magnetic material interleaved with layers of a transition metal. The transition metal may be nickel, platinum, palladium, or iridium.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 7, 2019
    Date of Patent: July 21, 2020
    Assignee: Avalanche Technology, Inc.
    Inventors: Zihui Wang, Yiming Huai
  • Publication number: 20200227628
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to a magnetic memory element including a magnetic free layer structure incorporating three magnetic free layers separated by two perpendicular enhancement layers (PELs) and having a variable magnetization direction substantially perpendicular to layer planes thereof; an insulating tunnel junction layer formed adjacent to the magnetic free layer structure; a first magnetic reference layer formed adjacent to the insulating tunnel junction layer opposite the magnetic free layer structure; a second magnetic reference layer separated from the first magnetic reference layer by a third perpendicular enhancement layer; an anti-ferromagnetic coupling layer formed adjacent to the second magnetic reference layer; and a magnetic fixed layer formed adjacent to the anti-ferromagnetic coupling layer. The first and second magnetic reference layers have a first invariable magnetization direction substantially perpendicular to layer planes thereof.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 26, 2020
    Publication date: July 16, 2020
    Inventors: Zihui Wang, Xiaojie Hao, Longqian Hu, Yiming Huai
  • Publication number: 20200043981
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to a magnetic structure including a first seed layer, a second seed layer formed on top of the first seed layer, and a third seed layer made of chromium or iridium formed on top of the second seed layer. One of the first and second seed layers comprises cobalt, iron, and boron. The other one of the first and second seed layers is made of iridium, rhodium, cobalt, platinum, palladium, nickel, ruthenium, or rhenium. The magnetic structure further includes a magnetic fixed layer structure formed on top of the third seed layer and having an invariable magnetization direction substantially perpendicular to a layer plane thereof. The magnetic fixed layer structure includes layers of a magnetic material interleaved with layers of a transition metal. The transition metal may be nickel, platinum, palladium, or iridium.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 7, 2019
    Publication date: February 6, 2020
    Inventors: Zihui Wang, Yiming Huai
  • Patent number: 10490737
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to a magnetic memory element including a magnetic free layer structure that includes two magnetic free layers separated by a magnesium perpendicular enhancement layer; an insulating tunnel junction layer formed adjacent to the magnetic free layer structure; a first magnetic reference layer formed adjacent to the insulating tunnel junction layer; a second magnetic reference layer separated from the first magnetic reference layer by a non-magnetic perpendicular enhancement layer; an anti-ferromagnetic coupling layer formed adjacent to the second magnetic reference layer; and a magnetic fixed layer structure formed adjacent to the anti-ferromagnetic coupling layer. The two magnetic free layers have a same variable magnetization direction substantially perpendicular to layer planes thereof. The first and second magnetic reference layers have a first invariable magnetization direction substantially perpendicular to layer planes thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 27, 2019
    Date of Patent: November 26, 2019
    Assignee: Avalanche Technology, Inc.
    Inventors: Zihui Wang, Yiming Huai
  • Patent number: 10438997
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to a magnetic structure including a first seed layer, which is made of a first transition metal, formed on top of a second seed layer comprising cobalt, iron, and boron; and a magnetic fixed layer structure formed on top of the first seed layer and having a first invariable magnetization direction substantially perpendicular to a layer plane thereof. The magnetic fixed layer structure includes layers of a first magnetic material interleaved with layers of a second transition metal. The first transition metal may be chromium or iridium. The second transition metal may be nickel, platinum, palladium, or iridium. The second seed layer which comprises cobalt, iron, and boron, may have a noncrystalline structure. Moreover, the second seed layer may be non-magnetic or superparamagnetic. The magnetic structure may further includes a third seed layer, which may comprise tantalum, formed adjacent to the second seed layer opposite the first seed layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 27, 2019
    Date of Patent: October 8, 2019
    Assignee: Avalanche Technology, Inc.
    Inventors: Zihui Wang, Yiming Huai
  • Patent number: 10361362
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to a magnetic memory element including a magnetic free layer and a first magnetic reference layer with an insulating tunnel junction layer interposed therebetween; a second magnetic reference layer made of a material comprising cobalt and formed adjacent to the first magnetic reference layer opposite the insulating tunnel junction layer; an iridium layer formed adjacent to the second magnetic reference layer opposite the first magnetic reference layer; and a magnetic fixed layer formed adjacent to the iridium layer. The magnetic free layer has a variable magnetization direction substantially perpendicular to the layer plane thereof. The first and second magnetic reference layers have a first fixed magnetization direction substantially perpendicular to the layer planes thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 16, 2017
    Date of Patent: July 23, 2019
    Assignee: Avalanche Technology, Inc.
    Inventors: Huadong Gan, Yiming Huai, Yuchen Zhou, Zihui Wang
  • Publication number: 20190198752
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to a magnetic memory element including a magnetic free layer structure including one or more magnetic free layers that have a same variable magnetization direction substantially perpendicular to layer planes thereof an insulating tunnel junction layer formed adjacent to the magnetic free layer structure; a first magnetic reference layer formed adjacent to the insulating tunnel junction layer opposite the magnetic free layer structure; a second magnetic reference layer separated from the first magnetic reference layer by a magnesium perpendicular enhancement layer; an anti-ferromagnetic coupling layer formed adjacent to the second magnetic reference layer; and a magnetic fixed layer structure formed adjacent to the anti-ferromagnetic coupling layer. The first and second magnetic reference layers have a first invariable magnetization direction substantially perpendicular to layer planes thereof.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 27, 2019
    Publication date: June 27, 2019
    Inventors: Zihui Wang, Yiming Huai
  • Publication number: 20190198566
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to a magnetic structure including a first seed layer, which is made of a first transition metal, formed on top of a second seed layer comprising cobalt, iron, and boron; and a magnetic fixed layer structure formed on top of the first seed layer and having a first invariable magnetization direction substantially perpendicular to a layer plane thereof. The magnetic fixed layer structure includes layers of a first magnetic material interleaved with layers of a second transition metal. The first transition metal may be chromium or iridium. The second transition metal may be nickel, platinum, palladium, or iridium. The second seed layer which comprises cobalt, iron, and boron, may have a noncrystalline structure. Moreover, the second seed layer may be non-magnetic or superparamagnetic. The magnetic structure may further includes a third seed layer, which may comprise tantalum, formed adjacent to the second seed layer opposite the first seed layer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 27, 2019
    Publication date: June 27, 2019
    Inventors: Zihui Wang, Yiming Huai
  • Publication number: 20190013461
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to a magnetic memory element including a magnetic free layer structure having a variable magnetization direction perpendicular to a layer plane thereof; a non-magnetic metal layer formed adjacent to the magnetic free layer structure; an oxide layer formed adjacent to the non-magnetic metal layer; an insulating tunnel junction layer formed adjacent to the magnetic free layer structure opposite the non-magnetic metal layer; a first magnetic reference layer formed adjacent to the insulating tunnel junction layer; a second magnetic reference layer separated from the first magnetic reference layer by a perpendicular enhancement layer; an antiferromagnetic coupling layer formed adjacent to the second magnetic reference layer; and a magnetic fixed layer structure formed adjacent to the antiferromagnetic coupling layer. The first and second magnetic reference layers have a first invariable magnetization direction substantially perpendicular to layer planes thereof.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 24, 2018
    Publication date: January 10, 2019
    Inventors: Zihui Wang, Yiming Huai, Huadong Gan, Yuchen Zhou
  • Patent number: 10153017
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to a method for sensing the resistance state of a memory cell that includes an MTJ memory element coupled to a two-terminal selector element in series. The method includes the steps of raising a cell voltage across the memory cell above a threshold voltage for the selector element to become conductive; decreasing the cell voltage to a first sensing voltage and measuring a first sensing current passing through the memory cell, the selector element being nominally conductive irrespective of the resistance state of the MTJ memory element at the first sensing voltage; and further decreasing the cell voltage to a second sensing voltage and measuring a second sensing current, the selector element being nominally conductive if the MTJ memory element is in the low resistance state or nominally insulative if the MTJ memory element is in the high resistance state at the second sensing voltage.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 14, 2016
    Date of Patent: December 11, 2018
    Assignee: Avalanche Technology, Inc.
    Inventors: Hongxin Yang, Xiaobin Wang, Jing Zhang, Xiaojie Hao, Zihui Wang, Kimihiro Satoh
  • Patent number: 10090456
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to a magnetic tunnel junction (MTJ) memory element including a magnetic free layer structure and a magnetic reference layer structure with an insulating tunnel junction layer interposed therebetween; a magnetic fixed layer exchange coupled to the magnetic reference layer structure through an anti-ferromagnetic coupling layer; a magnesium oxide layer formed adjacent to the magnetic fixed layer; and a metal layer comprising nickel and chromium formed adjacent to the magnesium oxide layer. The magnetic reference layer structure includes a first and a second magnetic reference layers with a first perpendicular enhancement layer (PEL) interposed therebetween. The first and second magnetic reference layers have a first invariable magnetization direction substantially perpendicular to layer planes thereof. The magnetic fixed layer has a second invariable magnetization direction opposite to the first invariable magnetization direction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 27, 2017
    Date of Patent: October 2, 2018
    Assignee: Avalanche Technology, Inc.
    Inventors: Yiming Huai, Huadong Gan, Zihui Wang
  • Patent number: 10032979
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to a magnetic memory element including a magnetic free layer structure having a variable magnetization direction perpendicular to a layer plane thereof; an insulating tunnel junction layer formed adjacent to the magnetic free layer structure; a first magnetic reference layer comprising cobalt, iron, and boron formed adjacent to the insulating tunnel junction layer; a second magnetic reference layer comprising cobalt separated from the first magnetic reference layer by a molybdenum layer; an iridium layer formed adjacent to the second magnetic reference layer; and a magnetic fixed layer structure formed adjacent to the iridium layer. The magnetic free layer structure includes a first and a second magnetic free layers with a perpendicular enhancement layer interposed therebetween. The first and second magnetic reference layers have a first invariable magnetization direction perpendicular to layer planes thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 17, 2017
    Date of Patent: July 24, 2018
    Assignee: Avalanche Technology, Inc.
    Inventors: Huadong Gan, Yiming Huai, Yuchen Zhou, Zihui Wang, Bing K. Yen, Xiaojie Hao, Pengfa Xu
  • Patent number: 10008540
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to a spin-orbitronics device including an array of MTJs with each of the MTJs coupled to a respective one of a plurality of selection transistors; a plurality of transverse polarizing lines with each of the transverse polarizing lines coupled to a row of the MTJs along a first direction; a plurality of word lines with each of the word lines coupled to gates of a row of the selection transistors along a second direction; and a plurality of source lines with each of the source lines coupled to a row of the selection transistors along a direction substantially perpendicular to the second direction. Each MTJ includes a magnetic comparison layer structure having a pseudo-invariable magnetization direction, which is configured to switch between two stable states by passing a comparison current through one of the plurality of transverse polarizing lines formed adjacent to the magnetic comparison layer structure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 4, 2017
    Date of Patent: June 26, 2018
    Assignee: Avalanche Technology, Inc.
    Inventors: Parviz Keshtbod, Xiaobin Wang, Kimihiro Satoh, Zihui Wang, Huadong Gan
  • Patent number: RE47975
    Abstract: An STTMRAM element includes a magnetic tunnel junction (MTJ) having a perpendicular magnetic orientation. The MTJ includes a barrier layer, a free layer formed on top of the barrier layer and having a magnetic orientation that is perpendicular and switchable relative to the magnetic orientation of the fixed layer. The magnetic orientation of the free layer switches when electrical current flows through the STTMRAM element. A switching-enhancing layer (SEL), separated from the free layer by a spacer layer, is formed on top of the free layer and has an in-plane magnetic orientation and generates magneto-static fields onto the free layer, causing the magnetic moments of the outer edges of the free layer to tilt with an in-plane component while minimally disturbing the magnetic moment at the center of the free layer to ease the switching of the free layer and to reduce the threshold voltage/current.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 10, 2018
    Date of Patent: May 5, 2020
    Assignee: Avalanche Technology, Inc.
    Inventors: Jing Zhang, Yiming Huai, Rajiv Yadav Ranjan, Yuchen Zhou, Zihui Wang, Xiaojie Hao