Friction ring for a friction roll for the driving of a spool on a textile machine
In order to drive a spool on a textile machine, a friction roll is provided, having a rotating body, carrying at least one friction ring. This friction ring is designed in the manner of a belt with two, open ends that are clasped together by two connectors. The two connectors, when linked together, form a releasable end fastening apparatus. The two connectors exhibit in this linkage, interlinking hooks. The fastening apparatus for the friction ring ends can serve simultaneously as a ring fastener to the friction roll. Further, the friction ring can be affixed, at a distance away from the two open ends, onto the friction roll with additional fasteners, which are uniformly distributed around the circumference of the friction roll. The two connectors and/or the friction ring exhibit a preselected radius of curvature which adapts to the radius of curvature of the outer circumference of the friction roll.
The present invention concerns a friction ring for a friction roll in accord with the principal concept of claim 1.
A known (EP 0 573 953 B1) friction roll having a friction ring, for driving a spool, possesses more than one, possibly three, adjacently situated, individual roll bodies placed on a common shaft. In this case, the centermost of these roll bodies is rotatably affixed to the said common shaft and coupled by a drive to two axially disposed friction rolls, one at each end. Each of these two outer, roll bodies possess on their respective outer circumferential surface a friction ring to improve the drive of the said spool. With this friction roll arrangement, a possible replacement of a friction ring, because of wear, or other deterioration, necessitates the replacement of the entire friction roll assembly. This is a very costly and labor intensive operation, especially for a textile machine with a multiplicity of adjacent spool locations.
The purpose of the invention, accordingly, is to create a friction ring for a friction roll, which, in case of need, can be exchanged without disassembly and assembly of the friction roll and so exchanged in a simple and time saving manner.
The stated purpose is achieved by the features of claim 1. By means of the invented design of the friction rings as finite strips, the ends of which are bound together, the friction ring, in a case of wear, can be quickly exchanged in a simple manner by the release of a connector at the ring ends, or even by the destruction of the said friction ring. In this way, the friction roll in its entirety, or the shaft which carries the friction roll, need not be dismounted or exchanged.
The fastening apparatus which serves for the binding of the two ends of the striplike, engirdling friction ring can be constructed in various ways. In accord with an advantageous embodiment of the object of the invention, as is found in claim 2, the said fastening apparatus can assume, simultaneously, the function of an attachment to the roll.
Such a fastening apparatus can also be designed in various ways, for instance, as a clip-element, which can function as a clip in a correspondingly prepared recess. This is shown as particularly advantageous as a fastening agent, as taught in claim 3 or claim 4.
It is possible to affix the friction ring of the invented friction roll in accord with claim 5, independently of the connection itself onto the underlying roll. Such design is particularly of value, if, because of the thickness and/or the width of the friction ring, it becomes difficult to fit this onto the roll with such a characteristic pretensioning, that the friction ring seats itself thereon securely and slip-free. In this operation, it is of advantage, to apportion the connection and the additional affixing agents in accord with claim 6 as equally as possible around the circumference of the friction roll.
Advantageously, the connection, in accord with claim 7 for each of the two ends of the encompassing friction ring, possesses a separate, nonreleaseable fastening apparatus, which is bound to the respective ends of the friction ring. In this arrangement, in accord with claim 8, both ends of the fastening apparatus, which apparatus is specific to the friction ring, first, serves for the connection of the two ends of the friction ring and second, provides the fastening of the beltlike friction ring onto its roll.
Advantageously, the connections in accord with claim 9 are designed as clip-elements, since in this way, it becomes possible to open and shut the binding elements in a simple manner and, as a rule, without accessory tools. This is of advantage in achieving a rapid exchange of the friction ring.
In the case of another advantageous design of the object of the present invention, following claim 10, the two coacting fastening devices are designed to be in the shape of hooks. In a preferred development of the invented friction roll, as found in claim 11, provision can be made, that the hooks at the connection area are built with tapered surfaces, which, first, eases the opening and closing of the connection between the two ends of the friction ring and, second, assures that even in the case of the spool, which during operation lies against the friction roll, is always afforded a uniform, secure connection between the two friction ring ends.
Upon the braking of the spool in the circumferential direction of the friction roll the said connection is subjected to a particularly severe force. In order assure the spool a faultless closure of the friction ring, and to make the assurance independently of the size and the thereto related inertia to be braked, an embodiment of the invented friction roll in accord with claim 12 is particularly of advantage.
The two connectors can be bound to the respective ends of the encompassing friction ring in various ways. This connection can be made, for example, by the application of an adhesive placed on two concentric, slightly raised surfaces on the roll as well as onto the friction ring, whereby a shape-fit connection between the ends of the friction ring and the connection element as noted in claim 13 is effected very satisfactorily
Instead of a situation, in which the friction ring, solely or with the aid of additional of fastenings is secured on the roll, another advantageous improvement of the invented apparatus in accord with claim 14 allows provision to be made that the elastically designed friction ring lies stressed, subjected to a predetermined tension on the roll, to such an extent, that auxiliary fastening elements can be dispensed with. In this way, a non-uniform cross-sectional shape in the manner of claim 15 can be made, or a differently running breadth of the friction ring in accord with claim 16 can be provided. Advantageously, the tapered shaping of a cross-section of this kind or variation of width design in accord with claim 17 could be predetermined. This predetermination would be advantageous for the behavior of the tensioning of a friction ring for installation over the circumference of a roll.
In accord with yet another advantageous embodiment of the object of the invention, in accord with claim 18, it is possible that a deformation of the friction ring and/or the connection element, be accounted for. Such action would greatly ease the placement of the friction ring on the roll.
If the two free ends of the friction ring adhere together by adhesive, then a particularly firm connection is obtained. Upon the removal of a worn out ring, this connection would be destroyed.
If the two free ends of the friction ring possess previously prepared locations for adhesive, then the mounting can be carried out very rapidly and reliably. Preparatory work with adhesives during a mounting procedure should be avoided. This avoidance at a work site enables a defined and durable adhesion of different friction rings.
If the prepared adhesion location points are covered before the connection, then the said adhesion location, as well as the adhesive, are protected from contamination and damage.
If the said predetermined adhesion points are activated by light or heat, then, following a proper positioning of the friction ring, the adherence can be executed in a very reliable manner, since an activating light or heat source can be brought into the proximity of the connection location.
A friction ring, made in accord with the invention, allows, in a simple way, an economical and time saving exchange of the friction ring, without the necessity of a complete disassembly of the friction roll which bears the said friction ring. It is not required, to temporarily disassemble the shaft, which carries the spool locations adjacent to the friction rolls, to make an exchange of the friction ring of one or more friction rolls. Because of the achievable gain in time savings, with the aid of the invented object, the time expenditure essentially diminishes itself for this friction ring change. Where textile machines with a multitude of adjacent spool stations are concerned, this saving is of considerable importance,
Embodiment examples of the invention are explained in greater detail with the aid of drawings. There is shown in:
FIGS. 4 to 6 securement devices designed as fastening apparatuses shown in cross-section, and
The illustrated friction roll 1 is comprised of three roll bodies 10, 11, 12, which are axially aligned with one another. Of these three, the mid-roll body 11 is driven by the shaft 14.
The two outer roll bodies 10, 12, through a differential drive, are actuated by the said mid-roll body, so that these outer roll bodies 10, 12 can turn with different speeds of rotation allowing a conical spool S to be driven by them. Since the middle roll body 11 does not contribute to the drive of the conical spool S, only the outer roll bodies are equipped with a friction ring 2. The middle roll body 11 serves mainly for the support of the spool S.
The radius r1 (FIGS. 4 to 6) of the two outer roll bodies 10, 12 in the immediate proximity to the middle roll body, is slightly less than its radius r2 On this account, the friction rings 2 on the two outer roll bodies, because of the difference of the radii r1 and r2 are secured from axial displacement. For the axial security of the friction ring 2, on their sides remote from the middle roll body 11, the two outer roll bodies 10, 12, respectively carry on their end, proximal to the friction ring 2, retainer ring 100, 120.
Generally, the friction rings 2 of the two roll bodies 10, 12, in the illustrated embodiment, are essentially equally constructed, on which account, in the following description, reference will be made to only one friction ring 2.
A friction ring 2, of the kind shown in
The fastening apparatus 3 is composed of two self engaging connectors 30, 3 1. Connector 30 binds with the end 20 and the connector 31 binds with the end 21 of the friction ring 2. This binding may be optionally releasable or non-releasable, but principally the type of release or non-release of such a binding is not particularly important.
An embodiment of an advantageous fastening apparatus 3 is described below with the aid of
In regard to the constructive form of the fastening apparatus of friction ring 2 as shown in
The two connectors 30, 31 as seen in
If, as a result of abrasion, or because of some other reason, a friction ring 2 of a friction roll 1 must be exchanged, then this can take place without a preliminary dismantling of the said friction roll 1. By sliding together the two connectors 30, 31, the two hooks 305, 315 move into a zone, in which they may be separated by means of a radial lifting of the hook 305, for example, from the recess 314.
The opened friction ring 2 can now be swung open to such an extent that, without difficulty, the said ring can be taken off of the roll body 10, 12.
In an analogous manner, it is possible that a new friction ring 2 can be fitted onto the roll body 10, 12, to which that said ring may be assigned. The two ends 20, 21 of the friction ring 2 are held at such a separating distance, one from the other, that the opened friction ring 2 can be slipped over the roll body 10, 12. When that is accomplished, then the two connectors 30, 31, found on the ends of the friction ring 2 can be drawn close to one another by pulling on the involved ring. This pulling, or tensioning, which takes place in a radial direction remote from the friction roll carrying shaft 14, is increased until the two hooks 305, 315 engage in the respective recesses 304, 314. At the moment of engagement, the said hooks and recesses lock into one another and a common buckling of the two ends of the friction ring 2 has been achieved.
In order to ease the in and out engagement of the two hooks 305, 315 of the respective connectors 30, 31 during the closure and opening operation, as seen in
To simplify the separation/opening movements concerning the two connectors 30, 31, at the engagement of the joining hooks 305, 315, the wall 308 of the recess 304, which lies facing the back 316 of the hook 315, is contoured appropriately to the said movement. During the opening operation of the two connectors 30, 31, when fastening apparatus 3 is closed, the hook 315 is lying on the outer circumferential surface 17 (FIGS. 4 to 6) of the roll body 10, 12. The back 316 of said hook 315 then slides upward against the wall 308, thereby lifting hook 305 out of its complementarily dimensioned recess 314.
This is also the case, if, during the drive of the friction roll 1, the connector 31, which rotationally precedes in relation to the drive direction f1, lies in its area which contains the hooks 305, 315 on the circumferential surface 17 (
The connection between the two ends 20, 21 of the friction ring 2 can be carried out in different ways. For example, one of the elements 30, 31, has a boring (not shown) or a groove, which extends itself parallel to the roll body 10, 12 (likewise, not shown). With this said groove a correspondingly designed pin or web, or yet a bar, constructed in an appropriate manner, can be made to engage therein. Further, by means of a flexible construction of the said bar or pin, or a boring complementary thereto, the said groove can receive the bar or pin to make a kind of cliplike connection, which can be opened.
If, in the case of such a cliplike fastening apparatus, the friction ring 2 must be replaced, then it suffices, by means of exerting a pulling motion, which is oriented radially to the roll body 10, 12, to release the clip connection between the pin or its equivalent and the roll body 10, 11. After the removal of this said pin or its equivalent, the ends 20, 21 of the friction ring 2 are freed, so that this said ring can be removed from the roll body 10, 12 in the manner described above.
After the installation of the friction ring 2 on the roll body 10, 12, which is carried out as previously described, the clip connection, with the aid of the pin or its equivalent, can be once again replaced in its former position by means of the reinsertion of the pin or its equivalent in the said boring or groove.
The present invention is not limited to the described embodiments, but can be altered in multitudinous ways, especially by the substitution of features with equivalent features or by different combinations of features or their equivalents. In
This, fastening apparatus 9, which is here principally shown in a schematic manner, possesses two binding connectors 90, 91 having longitudinal extensions 900, 910. The extensions 900, 910, which together serve for the fastening of the two connectors 90, 91 to each other, as well as fastening areas 901, 911, which areas are overlapped by the proximal ends 20, 21 of the friction ring 2 and, in a particular manner, these are releasable. That is to say, they are releasable with the aid of one or more bolts (not shown), or they may be non-releasable, i.e., bound together by adhesive. Seen radially, the outer longitudinal area 910 of the connector 91 possesses a smooth boring 912. Also, in the inner radial direction of longitudinal area 900 is a threaded boring for the acceptance of a bolt 40, which, first, extends itself into a part of the fastening apparatus 9, and second, is a part of the fastening apparatus 4.
As illustrated in the embodiment shown in
Further, by such a construction, the friction ring 2 can allow exchange without dismantling and remounting of the friction roll 1. It suffices, in this case, simply to loosen the bolt, in order to remove the friction ring 2 from the roll body 10, 12. The lifting away of the friction ring 2 is carried out in an analogous manner, as this was done with the aids as described in connection with
If the fastening apparatus 4 is not constructed as a bolt 40, but as a clip-element, then the recess 101 would be designed in a manner corresponding to the demands of the said clip-element
If, for the fastening and securement of the friction ring 2 on the roll body 10, 12, a fastening apparatus 4 is provided, it is possible that a separate fastening apparatus such as 3, 9 could be omitted. In this case, with the help of fastening apparatus 4, the two open ends 20, 21 of the friction ring 2 can be directly affixed to roll body 10, 12 without intermediate employment of such fastening apparatuses as 3 or 9. This direct fastening is carried out in various ways. For example, the two ends 20, 21 of the friction ring 2 can overlap themselves (see
If the friction roller 1 serves for the drive of a cylindrical spool S, then, in an axial direction, it is possible that a longer roll body length can be allowed for the drive of the said spool S. In accord with this, the friction ring 2 could be made to have a greater width. If this friction ring 2 were to be made elastic, as in the case of the construction described above, which would be especially favorable also for the drive of a conical spool, then a large force would be necessary, in order to stretch the friction ring 2 so far in a circumferential direction, that the two connection elements 30, 31 could be linked together with their interlocking hooks 305, 315.
As a rule it is of advantage if the friction ring 2 is held free of stress, or is placed on the friction roll 1 with a minimum of tension and can then be secured with the aid of a fastening apparatus 4 in the area of the ends 20, 21 of the said friction ring 2. In this way, provision can be made that the friction ring 2 can be affixed to the friction roll 1 at a distance from this fastening apparatus 4, that is to say, affixed at a different position of the circumference of the friction roll 1, with the aid of one or more additional fastening means 80, 81 (see
For the achievement of a uniform contact of the friction ring 2 on the roll body 10, 12, the fastening apparatus 4, as well as the additional fastening means 80, 81 are placed with positional apportionment as equal as possible over the circumference of the roll body 10, 12.
The roll body 10, 12, possesses a T-shaped, groove 15, parallel to the axis, in which the fastening apparatus 5 can fit with a complementary T shaped projection 53. The fastening apparatus 5 is thus securely held in the radial direction because of the back cutting of the T-shaped groove in the roll body 10, 12.
If the separating distance between the friction roll 1 and the holder 13 is of sufficient size, then the friction ring 6, when in its open condition, is outside of the longitudinal area of the friction roll 1, that is, the friction ring 6 will be between the friction roll 1 and the holder 13, wrapped about the shaft 14 (see
The friction ring 6 now forms, with the fastening apparatus 5, a ring, and in this form is slipped onto the roll body 10, 12 in an axial direction, whereby, at the same time, the T-shaped projection 53 can be inserted into the complementary T-shaped groove 15 of the roll body 10, 12. In order to make this insertion movement possible from the outside of the friction roll 1, the end ring 100, 120 is removed. Alternatively, the said end ring 100, 120 can be temporarily taken away from the friction roll 1 in a radial direction for the duration of this axial movement of the T-shaped projection 53, upon the in/out placement of the friction ring 6. If no end ring 100, 120, designed for the axial retaining of the friction ring 6 on the roll body 10, 12, is in place, provision can be made, that the fastening apparatus 5 is assigned yet another element, which assures that the friction ring 6 cannot be moved in an axial direction. Such an element can be designed, for example, as a bolt, similar to the bolt 40 described in connection with
If the space beside the friction roll 1 is not sufficient in size, then the retaining of the end rings 100, 120 can be alternately provided for, in such a way that the difference between the radius r2 of the roll body 11 and the radius r3 on the underside of the T-shaped, back cut groove 15 of the roll body 10, 12 is so dimensioned, that the friction ring 6, which has been installed in the middle longitudinal roll body 11 can be closed with the aid of the fastening apparatus 5, so that this, analogous to the previously described method, can be slipped along the roll body 10, 12 in the axial direction, up to the abutment of the end ring 100, 120 simultaneously with the insertion of the T-shaped projection 53 into the groove 15 of the roll body 10, 12. A safety measure to avoid the axial sliding of the friction ring 6 in the direction of the middle of the friction roll 1 can be carried out by appropriate means in a similar manner as has been previously described.
A further embodiment of the friction ring 7 as well as a fastening apparatus 8 is shown in
Corresponding to the trapezoidal construction of the projections 700, 710, there is provided in the roll body 10, 12 a swallowtail recess 16 into which the complementary trapezoidal projection 700, 710 is accommodated. This combination of swallowtail recess and trapezoidal projection linkage extends itself over the entire width of the friction ring 7 in its operational position on the roll body 10, 12. The recess 16 forms in this construction, not only a fastening apparatus 8 for the friction ring 7 but also a connection means for the ends 70, 71 of the said friction ring 7, because this ring is held by the said recess 16 in a double sided grip, so that the friction ring 7 can extend itself over the entire circumference of the roll body 10, 12.
Even in this case, after the two ends 70, 71 have been laid, one upon the another, the friction ring 7 is installed, by means of axial sliding on the roll body 10, 12 during the simultaneous insert of the trapezoidal projection 700, 710 into the recess 16, whereby an additional security counter to axial movement can be allowed for, in particular in the form of a bolt (see
Obviously, the groove, or recess 16 can also be cut back in a shape which is aberrant from the swallowtail mode, such as the recess in
To facilitate the insertion of the friction ring 6, 7 (see
Even when an axial fixation for the friction ring 6, 7 is attained, with the help of an end ring 100, 120 (
The fastening apparatus 5, 8, serves not only for the fastening of the two ends 60, 61 and 70, 71 of the friction ring 6, 7, but also forms, in the case of these embodiments, a connection device. On this ground, it is possible, that when the friction ring 2, 6, 7 in the area of its two ends, respectively 20, 21 and 60, 61, and 70, 71, is secured by a fastening apparatus 4, 5, 8 directly on the roll body 10, 12, a separate fastening means can be dispensed with.
Independently thereof, as to whether or not the friction ring 2, 6, 7 has been installed and secured on the friction roll 1 or on its roll body 10, 12, this can exhibit a certain deformation. That is to say, the inside circumferential surface 22, 63 or 72 (
Upon the extending of the friction ring 2, 6, 7 the occurrence is possible, that with the material chosen therefor, that the friction ring 2, 6, 7 stretches beyond its specified width in different ways. Consideration can be given to the fact, that the friction ring 2, 6, 7 in its untensioned condition, has a corresponding, proper continuity of cross-section, in which the friction ring 2, 6, 7 is designed to be thicker along its axial centerline (see thickness S3 in
The diminution of the cross-sectional of the untensioned friction ring 2, 6, 7 from its maximum thickness S3 in the center of the friction ring 2, 6, 7 to its minimum thickness S4 at the edge areas is so adjusted to the tensioning of the friction ring 2, 6, 7 installed around the roll body 10, 12, that essentially the difference between the thickness S3 in the center of the friction ring 2, 6, 7 and the thickness S4 in the two edge areas, of the said friction ring 2, 6, 7 disappears, that is to say, the cross-section of the friction ring 2, 6, 7 is essentially constant across its entire width.
Experience has demonstrated, that a multiplicity of elastic materials, which are adaptable for use as a friction ring 2, 6, 7, when longitudinally elongated to different lengths, are correspondingly reduced in their width dimensions. Such a lessening of the width occurs, in this application, especially in proximity to the ends 20, 21 and 60, 61 as well as 70, 71, where the tensile force for the stretching of the said friction ring 2, 6, 7 is applied in order to bring these onto the roll body 10, 12, for example, onto a friction roll 1 which is to have a continuous drive surface. On this account, to compensate for such a loss of width, the untensioned friction ring 2, 6, 7 is provided with a greater width b1in those areas which are more remote from the ends 20, 21 and 60, 61 as well as 70, 71, where the width is less (see
This is analogous to that, which previously was described in reference to the thickness distribution (S3, S4) for the friction ring 2, 6, 7. The continuous run of the width and the difference between the widths b1 and b2 of the untensioned friction ring 2, 6, 7 is so constructed, that in the case of the extended friction ring 2, 6, 7, the said difference in width practically disappears, so that the tensioned friction ring 2, 6, 7 exhibits an essentially constant width of the friction ring 2, 6, 7 over its entire length and thus, over the total circumference of the roll body 10, 12.
The presented embodiments can be increased or altered with the use of adhesives on the two open ends of the friction ring 2, 6, 7. The ends, in the case of adhesion, can be somewhat slanted, as compared to the above presented embodiments, in order to achieve a particularly firm and impact resistant connection. The adhesive point can be prepared to allow a rapid mounting and yet attain a specified strength of connection. For a proper positioning of the ends to each other, and a rapid curing, the adhesive can be activated by means of light, UV-light or heat.
23. An apparatus for friction driving a spool on a textile machine, said apparatus comprising:
- a friction roll having at least one rotatable roll body disposed thereon; and
- a friction ring carried on said rotatable roll body, said friction ring configured as a belt with two open ends bound together by a fastening apparatus.
24. An apparatus as in claim 23, wherein said fastening apparatus also affixes said friction ring to said roll body to secure the friction ring to said roll body.
25. An apparatus as in claim 24, wherein said fastening apparatus comprises a bolt.
26. An apparatus as in claim 24, wherein said fastening apparatus comprises at least one protuberance that is insertable into a complementary back cut groove defined in at least one of said roll body or said friction roll parallel to the axis of said friction roll.
27. An apparatus as in claim 23, wherein said friction ring is further affixable to at least one of said roll body or said friction roll by at least one auxiliary fastener.
28. An apparatus as in claim 27, wherein said fastening apparatus and said auxiliary fastener are equally distributed over the circumference of at least one said roll body or said friction roll.
29. An apparatus as in claim 23, wherein said fastening apparatus comprises two connectors, whereby one of said connectors is secured to each of said two open ends of said friction ring.
30. An apparatus as in claim 29, wherein said fastening apparatus further comprises a bolt device that is extendable through recesses in both of said connectors.
31. An apparatus as in claim 30, wherein said bolt device is extendable into at least one of said roll body or said friction roll.
32. An apparatus as in claim 29, wherein said connectors comprise clips.
33. An apparatus as in claim 29, wherein each of said connectors include at least one hook that is engagable with a corresponding hook on said other connector.
34. An apparatus as in claim 33, wherein said hooks have a slanted shape.
35. An apparatus as in claim 33, wherein said hooks are subjected to a load in a locking direction relative to a direction of drive of said friction ring when said connectors have secured a friction ring to said roll body.
36. An apparatus as in claim 29, wherein surfaces of said friction ring and said connectors form a shape-based connection to secure said friction ring to said roll body.
37. An apparatus as in claim 23, wherein said friction ring is elastically constructed in a length direction so that said friction ring when installed on said roll body is subjected to tensile force.
38. An apparatus as in claim 37, wherein said friction ring exhibits a cross-section that diminishes from a center portion of said friction ring to edges of said friction ring when no tensile force is acting on said friction ring.
39. An apparatus as in claim 38, wherein said cross-section of said friction ring is about constant when subject to said tensile force equal to that of installation on said roll body.
40. An apparatus as in claim 37, wherein said friction ring exhibits a width that diminishes with increasing distance from said ends of said friction ring when no tensile force is acting on said friction ring.
41. An apparatus as in claim 23, wherein said friction ring is preshaped in a curvature that conforms to a curvature of a circumference of said roll body.
42. An apparatus as in claim 41, wherein said fastening apparatus is preshaped in a curvature that conforms to a curvature of a circumference of said roll body.
43. An apparatus as in claim 23, wherein said ends of said friction ring are joined by an adhesive.
44. An apparatus as in claim 43, wherein said ends of said friction ring have prepared points for adhesion.
45. An apparatus as in claim 44, wherein said prepared points of adhesion are covered with adhesive before installation of said friction ring on said roll body.
46. An apparatus as in claim 43, wherein said adhesive is capable of being activated by at least one of light or heat.
47. An apparatus as in claim 23, wherein said fastening apparatus further comprises a bolt device that is extendable through recesses in both of said ends of said friction ring.
48. An apparatus as in claim 47, wherein said bolt device is extendable into at least one of said roll body.
Filed: Dec 2, 2003
Publication Date: Feb 10, 2005
Inventors: Edmund Schuller (Ingolstadt), Dietmar Greis (Ingolstadt), Manfred Knabel (Ingolstadt)
Application Number: 10/726,267