ESCAPE AND SURVIVAL SYSTEM
A portable, stylish, comprehensively stocked emergency escape and survival package gives the user ability to successfully confront diverse emergency and disaster conditions most likely encountered in the urban or suburban environment. The package is a system of a backpack carrying case and numerous components stored within the case. Each component is a tool, supply or other article selected for use in a particular aspect of an emergency or survival situation. Additionally, the package includes separate stowage capacity for routine business tools, such as files, computer, calculator and the like. Components of the system include, among others, a radiation sensor, a ballistic resistant panel, solar charging station for an included rechargeable battery, and cables and adapters for supplying power to diverse portable electronic devices.
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This invention relates to a kit for a person to use to rapidly escape from a natural disaster or terroristic assault situation and to aid in survival for about three days thereafter. More specifically, it relates to an inconspicuous carrying case that includes, multiple output solar electrical charging unit, protective hood, radiation sensor, ballistic defense shield, radio communication device, clothing, food and medical supplies among other things useful in emergency survival situations.BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
Since the end of the cold war era in the early 1990s the threat of a terrorist attack or dirty bomb effecting one or more small areas of our urban population has become increasingly likely. Various incidents of terrorist events in urban locations of well-developed as well as developing nations have materialized. Emergencies and disasters of diverse nature can relate to local weather events, personal assaults, power outages, food and water contamination, deliberate acts of terrorism, and building fire or collapse, and the like.
Much of the population in modern society lives in a crowded, urban environment. When disaster occurs, a large number of people are affected in a very short period of time. Because of the extreme population density, trained professional or volunteer first responders can quickly become overwhelmed by the demand for assistance. The ability to render assistance to masses of disaster victims can be curtailed to varying degrees. Individuals caught in such a disastrous situation may be experience personal injury conditions ranging from severe to none. Swift or effective assistance from civil defense and disaster relief agencies in the face of a local disaster or emergency being of questionable reliability, there is a pressing need for a self-preparedness approach to escape and survival.
Upon the occurrence of a major and forceful disaster situation, such as explosion, fire, toxic release, terror threat, and the like, there is a need to immediately and rapidly extricate oneself from the hazardous site. Typically, after the immediate cause of alarm has been contained or neutralized, local services for the support of human life can be severely compromised due to destruction of facilities and/or depletion of supplies. Therefore, closely coupled with the urgent need to escape from a disastrous event, there is an extended and lingering need to care for injuries sustained and to continue life in an infrastructure-damaged environment.
Various emergency kits are available for use in disastrous circumstances. Emergency gear for professional, well-trained first response technicians can have specialized equipment. For example, emergency medical technicians usually travel in ambulance or special service vehicles and carry with them analytical tools and devices to treat emergency medical conditions, as well as bandages, disinfectants, etc. Use of much of that equipment is beyond the ability of the ordinary person to manipulate to aid themselves or others. Commercially available kits for self help typically include minimal gear, such as flash lights, simple bandages, signal devices, over-the-counter medicines and similar items. These kits are able to treat the most basic injuries and only for the shortest time. There exists a need for a comprehensively equipped emergency and survival system to assist with escape from an area of immediate threat to life and health and also to provide assistance with the continuation of life for at least a short extended duration after the immediate threat dissipates. Preferably, it is desirable to have a survival system that can help maintain human life for up to about three days.
A basic problem with existing emergency kits is that the more fully stocked ones are big, bulky and heavy. Thus they are difficult to carry around. People with foresight to have such kits normally maintain them at fixed locations, primarily at home and stowed away out of sight. While accidents and injuries occur at home, threats of disaster and terrorist activity is thought to be more likely to occur when a person is away from home, for example, while traveling. Existing kits are normally not likely to be near a person needing them while away from home or other fixed storage location. There is a great desire for an unobstrusive, emergency and survival system that is self-contained, portable, comprehensively equipped to address various hazards and which an individual will be encouraged to keep close to their person during a full range of normal daily activities such that the system will be available when the need arises.SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
Accordingly, the present invention provides a portable, stylish, comprehensively stocked emergency escape and survival system that gives the owner ability to successfully confront diverse emergency and disaster conditions most likely encountered in the urban or suburban environment. The system includes a backpack carrying case and numerous components stored within the case. Each component is a tool, supply or other article selected useful to overcome diverse conditions hazardous to comfort, health, or life that arise from extremely abnormal events. Additionally, the system includes separate stowage capacity for routine business tools, such as files, computer, calculator, business cards and other, non-emergency-related supplies. Thus the system can be carried about by the user for every day business, school or personal purposes as would be served by a commonplace backpack.
The novel emergency escape and survival system permits the user to conveniently carry on or about the person a comprehensive selection of tools, supplies and other articles useful in a wide variety of emergency situations. Typically hazardous situations can occur as a consequence of natural disasters, such as earthquake, flood, forest fire and severe weather, and of accidental or intentional artificial hazards, such as building fire, industrial accident and terroristic or criminal activity. This system provides the basic and advanced resources suitable for achieving two overall objectives of a person subjected to a sudden, unexpected and injury-threatening event. The primary and largely universal objective is to rapidly escape from the dangerous area. The secondary survival objective becomes significant when the hazardous event is wide-spread or disruptive of normal social activity. Then surviving in an environment deficient in life sustaining products and services until support services can respond effectively is needed. The latter can occur when the disaster condition is geographically large or when the calamity is so severe that routinely available responders are overwhelmed by the demand for service.
The basic element of the novel escape and survival system is a case. The case may be any type of luggage such as a suitcase, attaché case, messenger bag, duffel bag, and the like. Preferably the case is a backpack and has shoulder straps and for it to be worn on the user's back. The backpack appearance has certain aesthetic and functional elements. It is stylishly designed to be aesthetically attractive in a typical social or business environments. This feature causes users to desire to keep the backpack nearby at most times because it is visually appealing. However, the visual appearance is very similar to an inconspicuous “ordinary backpack” so that the special safety capabilities do not draw unwelcome attention to the user.
The case has dedicated compartments, such as pockets, pouches or chambers for individual and groups of components of the system. In addition to compartments containing emergency and survival components of the novel system, the case includes one or more initially empty compartments intended for stowing business or personal equipment provided by the user. For example, a user might adapt the system for a business use that calls for carrying articles such as folios, files, computers, cell phones, cameras and other similar and typical business office devices. Such business user thus can employ the complete system during on-the-job travel, commuting and off-site field work with the knowledge that safety equipment is always close at hand. The compartments of the case containing safety equipment, i.e., equipment other than user-supplied business or social purpose equipment, is lockable. The user can lock this compartment to further assure that needed components in an emergency have not been removed during non-emergency times.
A backpack 1 of an embodiment of the novel emergency and survival system 10 is seen in a rear perspective view in
The periphery 15 of section 13 defines a tall and wide area covering the torso of the user when the backpack is worn. The novel system includes a substantially thin and flat ballistic resistant panel to protect the user's body from objects moving at high velocity. This ballistic resistant panel is able to block shards of glass and shrapnel of flying debris resulting from explosions as well as parts of destructive explosive devices and small arms projectiles. The ballistic panel is adapted to fit within a correspondingly shaped narrow pouch (not shown) adjacent to the forward wall that forms the front side of section 13. Preferably, the ballistic resistant panel is a rigid structure and is user-removable from the pouch at the user's option when deemed to be not needed and to make the backpack lighter. Optionally, this forward wall (not shown) can be formed of a ballistic resistant fabric, such as Kevlar® fabric (DuPont, Wilmington, Del.), thereby increasing the ballistic defensive properties of the novel system. When sitting, the user can place the backpack on the lap with the rear panel 14 facing forward such that the front of the backpack is close to the user's chest. In this manner, the backpack can provide a ballistic shielding protection when the user is in a common carrier vehicle such as a bus or train.
The system components may be classified in various functional categories, such as escape assistance tools, survival tools, communication tools, wound treatment and medical supplies, clothing. Some articles of protective clothing and body protection such as chemical resistant gloves, escape hood and blankets are included as components of the system. The user is encouraged to provide personal articles of clothing to supplement included supplies to maintain personal comfort up to about three days after any event requiring activation of the system. Thus, for example, the user can stow underwear, socks, hat and the like in a provided empty compartment within the case.
The case includes a specialized power system for generating and transmitting power to various electronic devices. The power generating system is a solar array mounted on the case at the ready to maintain the charge of an internal battery.
When the battery is connected to the solar panel array, it is constantly charging. The battery is stowed in a dedicated compartment centrally positioned within the backpack and cables are run in through the case for accessibility of power without having to unpack the battery. Many types of adapter are hard-wire connected to the battery such that many different types of conventional electronic devices can be operated and recharged from the onboard battery. The battery is an integrated high capacity rechargeable lithium battery with connections for most cell phones, smart phones, tablet, laptop and netbook computers, and other portable electronic devices. For every day use as well as in the event of an emergency. Multiple battery charging options ensure power is always available by 110 AC plug, car charger, USB, Solar, and Hand Crank. Power is always available for the ability to communicate for every day use as well as in the event of an emergency.
The system includes a ballistic resistant panel covering an area coextensive with the “footprint” of the case. Thus for a backpack embodiment of the novel system, the ballistic resistant panel can be shaped geometrically coincident with the back panel of the backpack. In one embodiment, the back panel of the backpack can be composed of the ballistic resistant panel. Rigid ballistic resistant panels can have three-dimensional curvature to conform comfortably to the shape of the user's back. Advantageously, such a case can be carried upright on the lap of the user when sitting such that the ballistic resistant panel protects the user's chest area.
The case includes a hazardous radiation sensor feature. This is implemented by a radiation sensor typically shaped like a credit card, and positioned in the case such that its sensing area is exposed to the ambient environment through a dedicated transparent window. The card is located in the middle section (section 12, see
Many of the components of the novel emergency and survival system are for a single use. That is they are stored until needed. Used one time and discarded after use. Examples are medicinal components, wound treatment components, and air-activating body warmers. Advantageously, all of the single-use components and many of the multiple-use components, such as blankets, gloves, are initially packaged under vacuum in a permanently sealed, air tight, moisture resistant, clear plastic film containers. This feature helps to maintain the stability of the contained articles by resisting degradation from oxygen and moisture in the air, and provides some additional physical protection to the contents beyond native packaging. Still further the extra containment makes the contained articles less easily accessible during non-emergency conditions such that the user is unlikely to consume a sealed article as a convenience for a day-to-day purpose. Consequently, the sealed articles are more likely to be intact and present in the system when a true emergency situation arises. Because the internal, sealed film containers are under vacuum pressure, they cause the contained articles to contract to smallest possible physical envelop size. This allows packing a wide variety of safety supplies and tools in a very small space and contributes to making the novel system appear inconspicuous.
The novel system includes a head-covering protective hood. The hood has an integral breathing air filter with cartridge able to filter out ambient dust, dirt and hazardous chemical particles. The cartridge also has absorbent and reactive material such that certain airborne toxic gases can be intercepted and treated or removed from the air inside the hood breathed by the user. The protective hood has a unique strap feature that allows the user to reliably and quickly don and adjust the hood under tense and distracting emergency conditions.
The novel system is uniquely equipped with supplies that should enable a user to rapidly escape from the immediate area near a disastrous emergency event and to help sustain life of the user for an extended period of time following the emergency event. By “extended period of time” is meant up to about three days duration. This is a highly unusual feature because traditional escape kits merely provide for helping the user escape from an explosion, fire, vehicle crash, natural disaster and the like. Traditional kits usually do not include gear adapted to keeping the user alive in a resource-deprived urban or suburban environment for any time after the damage-causing event. The novel system includes components such as communication tools, power generating tools, water purification tools and blankets, for example, that are useable days after disaster strikes.
Optionally, the backpack of the novel emergency and survival system can include a separate and particularly well hidden compartment. The hidden compartment is intended to hold especially valuable articles such as, for example, currency, identity and travel documents, confidential information, and heirloom items. The hidden compartment can be embedded into structural elements of the backpack, such as the frame, straps, padding, handle and the like. Preferably, the access port to the hidden compartment will be disguised to further avoid detection by others and to prevent loss of the important valuables if a stranger has an opportunity to rifle through the backpack.
The various features and functions of the novel system can be understood in greater detail with reference to
The exterior walls 36 are strung from opposite sides and over the top of the body to enclose the chambers. Exterior wall construction is a durable textile fabric of the type used in duffel bags, backpacks, and luggage. A representative suitable material is a woven nylon fabric available by the trademark Cordura® (Invista, Luxembourg). Entrance to the chambers is made through lateral slits 37a, 37b, 37c in the walls. The slit edges are fitted with zipper closures.
A substantially flat sheet of ballistic resistant panel 40 is positioned adjacent the interior side of bulkhead D to provide a ballistic protection shield. This sheet is slightly smaller than the area of bulkhead D so that it fits snugly and flat against the interior surface of the bulkhead. The ballistic protection shield is not attached to the body of the backpack. It can be easily extracted from chamber III so that the user can hold the panel for personal ballistic protection. A preferably fabric tab can be provided on a side of the shield facing chamber III. The tab allows the user to easily grab the shield and pull it out of the backpack. Optionally, the backpack can have a personal protection pocket 41 configured to maintain the ballistic resistant panel 40 close to bulkhead D.
A flexible grommet 57 with a cross-shaped opening 58 is positioned in the upper area of side 51. The opening enables first electric cable 59 that terminates with a first charging connector 60 to extend into chamber I. Solar panels 3 are positioned on rear fabric panel 14 of bulkhead A (
Side 51 includes three, substantially identical pockets 64a,64b, 64c, adapted for stowing selected electrical components of the novel escape and survival system. The pockets are rectangular shape and are formed by coarse mesh fabric 65 that is similar or the same type as employed for pockets 52a,52b. This fabric is affixed, for example, by stitching or adhesive at each lateral side and bottom edge of the pockets. The top edge of the fabric 65 of each pocket is not affixed to side 51 but is hemmed with an elastic fabric band 66 that is anchored at opposite upper corners of the pocket thereby forming an elastic rim for access to each pocket. The elastic band is under tension to keep the pocket rim in contact with side 61. This allows an article, such as a portable communications device, e.g., “smartphone”, or radio transmitter-receiver 20, to be slid through the top opening and removably retained within the pocket securely in position against bulkhead B. A single, self-contained, battery operated, portable combination Family Service Radio/General Mobile Radio Service (FSR/GMR) transmitting/receiving radio, (i.e., two-way communicating radio) can be included as an integral component of the novel escape and survival system. A representative example of an FSR/GMR is the Uniden model GMR2240-2CK water resistant 2-way radio.
The pockets 64a, 64b and 64c are also intended to individually hold a slim battery that provides the primary source of power to drive and recharge electronic devices useful in an escape and survival situation. The novel system can include a single slim battery 70 or two batteries, preferably identical, one of which being a primary electrical storage unit and the other being a secondary, backup storage unit. Preferably the battery should have about a 5V output and at least about 2600 mAh capacity. Commercially available rechargeable low voltage, direct current batteries are available, for example the Power Bank Model i4800 (Shenzhen Fushigang Technology Co., LTD), also known by the product name Personal Power Generator having 4800 mAh capacity, 5V/1500 mAh output, oxidized aluminum alloy housing, 4 light emitting diode (“LED”) charging status indicators and LED flash light. A preferred battery is rectangular prismoid shape of about 1.5-3.5 inches wide, about 2-5 inches high and about 0.12-1.0 inch thick. One end of the battery has two female USB electrical connector receptacles. One is an input electrical receptacle 72 is adapted to removably mate with the first charging connector 60 of cable 59. When first charging connector 60 is inserted into input electrical receptacle of the battery, the battery can receiving electrical current from the solar panels and be recharged. The input electrical receptacle of each battery can also, in the alternative, removably mate with a second charging connector at one end of a second electrical cable to be described in greater detail below. The second electrical cable transfers to the battery electrical power from a power source different from the onboard solar panels. The second female USB electrical connector receptacle on each battery 73 is a power output terminal. A male USB electrical connector cabled to a power-consuming portable electrical device can be removably inserted into the female receptacle to deliver power to that device. Representative portable electrical devices contemplated for use in the novel escape and survival system include a smartphone or cellphone, tablet computer, global positioning system device, two-way handheld radio, flashlight and the like. Some of these devices, such as two-way handheld radio, can be included as stock components of the novel system. Other devices, such as a tablet computer and smartphone or cellphone are additional and owner-optional.
Preferably the input and output female electrical connector receptacles are physically different from each other to prevent improper connections such as insertion of an input service cable into an output battery terminal. In a preferred configuration, the input electrical receptacle is a mini USB type and the output receptacle is a standard USB type. Because the user may own and need in an emergency situation a portable electronic device made by any of various different manufacturers, the novel system of this invention includes as a system component, a multiple-to-one electrical connector. This commercially available device has a male standard USB type connector for a master electrical terminal. Connected in parallel to the master terminal are multiple cables each terminating in a different manufacturer's style of electrical connector. This multiple-to-one electrical connector can be conveniently stored in pocket 52a or 52b, when not in use. A representative multiple-to-one electrical connector is the adapter cable of the 10 In 1 Universal USB Charger+Car Charger for Laptop PC and Mobile Phone Model No. sku3453 available from Pandawill (www.pandawill.com Merit Prospect, Ltd, Hong Kong).
Side 61 of bulkhead B also includes a holder for storing writing tools, such as pens, pencils, markers, touch screed device stylus or other small diameter, elongated implements. The holder is constructed of an elastic fabric stitched horizontally to form several horizontal tubular channels. The elongated tools can be inserted into the channels causing the elastic fabric to stretch around them and thereby hold them in place.
Chamber IV is also convenient for storing a 2-in-1 charging adapter 76. This is a portable device with a female USB electrical connector output terminal 77. Also on the device are connectors for removably connecting to two types of power source. One connector type is a so-called “cigarette lighter” plug connector 78 adapted to accept 12 volt, direct current (DC) electricity. The second connector type is a male electric line plug connector 79 adapted to accept 110-240 volt alternating current (AC) electricity. The 2-in-1 charging adapter also includes necessary circuitry to convert electricity from either 12 volt DC or 110-240 volt AC sources to a form suitable for charging batteries 70. Preferably, the power to be fed into batteries 70 is about 2-6 volts DC. A representative 2-in-1 charging adaptor suitable for use in this invention is available commercially as item UNI-USB-CHAR-03, order identification number 36800 (www.wirelessemporium.com Wireless Emporium, Inc., Orange, Calif.).
Use of the cables to charge a battery can be understood with reference to schematic wiring diagram of
In a preferred embodiment, exterior wall of pocket 5 includes an additional grommet 4. This grommet permits USB connector 71 to pass so that cable 74 extends outside chamber IV without the need to open zipper closure 6 of the pocket. This configuration is illustrated in
Upper pocket 82, lower pocket 83 and strip 88 are intended to store in place selected articles having specific utilities in an escape and survival situation as will be explained. These articles are included as integrated component parts of the novel emergency escape and survival system. The positions of these storage locations and the items intended to be retained therein have been designed to optimize the capacity, ease of access and functionality of the entire system to help a user overcome escape and survival problems. It should be evident that the collection of pockets, chambers and storage strips are not randomly juxtaposed or that any component of the system might be placed in any available compartment. Some space within the backpack has been reserved for personal and business items of the user and any article of the user's choosing may be stowed in those personal and business spaces. An example of such space is chamber III between the ballistic protection shield 40 and the laptop storage pocket 43.
Upper pocket 82 is intended to contain a traumatic injury and wound treatment kit 94. This kit contains the following elements: (a) four blood stop trauma pad, alginate dressing, 10 cm by 10 cm blister packing (b) 10-to-a-tube package of compressed cloths, (c) arm sling, (d) self stick bandage material, (e) body shape conforming bandage, (f) compressed non-woven sponge, (g) antiseptic cleansing wipe, (h) anti mosquito towelette, (i) triple antibiotic ointment, and (j) 3 oz bottle of alcohol based hand sanitizing gel. The kit 94 can be divided into multiple package units.
The packaging of the trauma injury and wound treatment kit is illustrative of the type of packaging utilized for all of the incorporated component parts of the emergency and survival system that do not have their own, intrinsically strong and durable containers. This packaging system calls for inserting the one or more elements of a component part into a clear, hermetically sealed plastic pouch. Preferably the pouch has a label itemizing the contained objects. Clarity of the plastic pouch also enables the user to view the pouch contents which makes selection of the item in a state of emergency much more efficient. Additionally, the plastic pouches are sealed under vacuum. The plastic of the pouches is an effective oxygen and nitrogen barrier to prevent rapid intrusion of ambient air. Internal vacuum causes the pouch volume to compress around the contained objects further reducing volume of the system components and thereby allowing a larger number of diversified tools and supplies to be carried in a backpack. Absence of air within the pouches is thought to extend the life of the contained items. Moreover, when a pouch is opened, it becomes immediately apparent to the user that the contents should be evaluated such that spent components can be replaced with fresh ones. Thus vacuum packing performs a use-detection function. Overall, it should be appreciated that packaging components of the novel escape and survival system in tear-evident, clear package units helps to minimize scavenging some component items during non-emergency conditions so that the whole complement of system items are present all the time in case of a true emergency.
Other items stored on side 81 within chamber II are: a single, alternately battery and dynamo powered, AM/FM/Weather band radio receiver 91, a combination multifunctional hand tool 92 and an about 2.5 cm diameter by about 9 cm long, light-emitting diode battery powered flashlight 93. Each of these items has its own hard shell case and therefore does not need clear plastic pouch vacuum packaging. They are held in position against side 81 of the bulkhead by strip 89. Lower pocket contains in vacuum sealed packaging (a) a synthetic polymer (preferably, polyethylene), flexible, water-proof, about 50 cm×about 80 cm poncho/ground cloth 95a, (b) particulate-only air-filtering face mask for breathing air protection in smoke, dust, debris, smog and possibly infectious disease bearing environments, and (c) two or more, about 15 mm diameter x about 150 mm long, self-illuminating chemically activated, glow-in-the-dark, light sticks. An example of the particulate air-filtering face mask is 3M Company's model N95 Health Care Particulate Respirator. The particle filtering mask used in this invention should meet both Occupational Safety and Health Administration (“OSHA”) requirements and Center for Disease Control (“CDC”) guidelines for tuberculosis exposure control. Typical particulate filtering specifications include rejection of airborne particles in a size range of greater than about 0.1 microns. The mask's fluid resistance function is to reduce potential contamination and exposure of the wearer to the spray, spatter, and aerosol of blood and body fluids. A typical performance specification for this aspect is to provide body fluid exposure resistance to less than about 0.99% against microorganisms.
Component parts of the novel escape and survival system that are stowed on side 101 are as follows. In pocket 102 are stored (i) two or more, air-activated about 85 mm×about 70 mm hand warmer pads in individual packets sealed by the manufacturer, (ii) two or more air-activated about 100 mm×about 130 mm body warmers in individual packets sealed by the manufacturer, (iii) an about 80-120 cm×about 40-80 cm, metalized polyester blanket, (iv) an emergency style sleeping bag, such as, for example, the Adventure Medical Kits S.O.L. Emergency Bivy item TA270574 (L.L. Bean, Inc., Freeport, Maine), (v) 13 gauge knitted white nylon shell coated with black nitrile rubber on palm, chemical resistant gloves, size XL, and (vi) a plastic, multi-compartmented medicine pill organizer, preferably clear, for apportioning doses of medication periodically. In addition to manufacturer-supplied packaging, each of the five groups of items (i)-(v) are also over-wrapped under vacuum in clear pouches, described above. Pocket 103 contains one or more travel size rolls (i.e., nominally 2 inch wide×60 inch long) pressure sensitive duct tape. Pocket 104 contains a 3 ounce bottle of alcohol based hand sanitizer gel and a plurality of compressed, sanitary towels.
Pocket 104 also can contain a supply of over the counter medicinal materials useful for treating common health conditions likely for the user to encounter. These include individually wrapped (a) anti-diarrhreal medicine such as Imodium® AD, 2 or more caplets per pouch, (b) pain relief medicine such as Advil® Ibuprofen tablets, 2 or more 200 mg coated tablets per pouch, and (c) radiation exposure treatment medicine, preferably potassium iodide, 2 or more 32.5 mg tablets per pouch. Optionally, when the emergency escape and survival system is for a female owner this pocket is suitable for storing feminine hygiene sanitary napkins available commercially.
The volume of the base of chamber II adjacent to bulkhead C is suited to storing selected bulky system components, namely, an air-purifying escape hood 110 and a food supply package 112. These items rest on the bottom of chamber II. On the left lateral side of bulkhead C, is the escape hood 110. It is an improved escape hood based upon the commercially available product Hood XHZLC60 (Zhejiang Jiangshan Zhean Fire-Fighting Equipment Co. Ltd., Jingahn, Zhejiang, China). The structure of escape hood 110 is fully described in U.S. patent application serial no. 1378668, assigned to Milspray LLC. The escape hood has a rigid, clear face shield and a solid, cylindrical filter cartridge capable of filtering particulates, carbon monoxide and certain volatile organic compounds from breathing. It has a flexible shell affixed to the shield and cartridge that surrounds, encloses and protects the user's head. The shell can be wrapped around the shield and cartridge so as to form a basically cylindrical unit. This unit is packaged in an gas-tight, clear plastic pouch under vacuum as described above. This packaging helps maintain the shelf life of the air-purifying agents in the cartridge and condenses the escape hood to a very small size. On the right lateral side of bulkhead C is a package 112 containing a three-day supply of individually-wrapped, U.S. Coast Guard-approved, edible nutritional meal bars having a shelf life specification of up to about 4-5 years. The individual meal bars are typically supplied in brick-shape such that they can be stacked with high storage efficiency without the need for a vacuum pouch over-wrap. For example, the meal bar supply 112 can be enclosed in a flat-sided cardboard container. Optionally, the meal bars can be over-wrapped under vacuum in a sealed clear pouch as described above.
The escape hood 110 and meal bar supply 112 conveniently provide pedestals for supporting system additional components 114 and 116. Component 114 is a drinking water purification set comprising (i) an about 750 mL (about 25 oz.) capacity single, wall stainless steel water bottle, (ii) cap, (iii) straw, (iv) particulate filter, and (v) at least about 12 germicidal drinking water purification tablets. Parts (iii)-(v) can be conveniently stowed inside the bottle. The purpose of this set is to allow the user to purify dirty and biologically-contaminated water for drinking. In simple terms, the user fills the empty bottle with raw water obtained from the environment, adds purification tablets according to manufacturer's instructions, drinks the purified water through the straw or the cap serving as a cup, and stores residual purified water in the capped bottle. A representative commercially available portable, emergency water purification set suitable for use in this novel escape and survival system is the Katadyn MyBottle Personal Water. Other portable, emergency water purfications systems of similar size and geometric configuration can be used. For example, a PurifierCamelBak® All Clear™ Microbiological UV Water Purifier, that operates with battery electric power to destroy germs with ultraviolet light radiation can be substituted for component 114. The water purification set bottle is held in position against bulkhead C by securing the bottle within elastic straps 106a and 106b. System component 116 is an approximately 16 oz. fire extinguisher multiple use portable fire extinguisher. That is, the extinguisher is rated to fight at least Class A and Class B fire type fires. Any conventional fire protection agent can be used, provided that the container is largely cylindrical and measures about 2-4 inches in diameter and about 8-16 inches in height. The fire extinguisher 116 stands on food supply 112 and is restrained in its storage position against bulkhead C by elastic straps 107a and 107b.
Additional bulky system components are stored in the large volume of space of chamber II. One such item is an about 1.1 m×about 1.5 m microfiber viscose rayon or polyester thermal protection blanket. This blanket is packaged in a clear pouch under moderate vacuum such that the bulk is partially compressed to save space but the pouch remains slightly flexible. The flexible pouch can then be wrapped in a hemi-cylindrical shape for optimum space utilization by storage around the cylindrical form of the water purification set on the left side of bulkhead C. When stowed the blanket pouch is around the water purification set 114 with its rearward surface proximate to side 81 of bulkhead B adjacent to flashlight 93 (
Another salient feature of the present invention is that it provides a nuclear radiation exposure monitoring feature.
Preference is given to stocking the novel system with a RADTriage™ radiation dosimeter card (Justacip, Inc d/b/a nukepills.com, Mooresville, N.C.). The card is about credit card size (3.375 inch×2.125 inch×about 0.5 mm thick and weighs about 2 g). The RADTriage dosimeter card has a sensor strip that develops color upon exposure to gamma/X-ray and high energy electron/beta particles. The card has color calibrated reference bars that are used to match a sensor strip color with a numerical value of radiation exposure in milliSievert (mSv) units. One mSv equals 0.1 rad. The card is able to detect exposures in the range of 20-10,000 mSv. The card has false positive, false negative, shelf life and tamper evident indicating sensor features also. The RADTriage radiation dosimeter card technology is described in greater detail in U.S. Pat. No. 7,227,158.
Chamber III has been mentioned as be the location for storing the removable ballistic protection shield 40 that is a component of the novel escape and survival system, and for storing a user-optional electronic computing device in laptop pocket 43. There is extra capacity between the laptop pocket and the shield available for storage. The use of this space is also user optional. The user can store work or personal material there. For example, if the backpack is to be used during travel, the space can hold clothing, toiletries or other personal items of the user's choice. If the back pack is intended for a business utility, the user can store business supplies such as writing paper, business literature, document scanners, cameras, reference literature and the like. For users having specialized purposes for the escape and survival system, the extra capacity in chamber III can be used to hold other safety and hazard counter-measure equipment. Such optional additional equipment can include, for example, a U.S. Coast Guard approved, self-inflating, personal floatation device. An example of a compact device is the Stearns SOSpenders Easy Repack Inflatable Life Jacket/PFD Model 1431 USCG Approved Type V/Type II with automatic inflator and manual backup inflation feature (produced by Stearns, Sauk Rapids, Minn., subsidiary of The Coleman Company).
In another preferred embodiment, the inflatable personal flotation device is an integrated part of the backpack. That is, it is permanently attached onto the exterior or inside one or more chambers. Optionally, the integrated flotation device can have a bladder that the user can inflate manually, for example by blowing into a tube, and/or by an auto-inflate mechanism. For example, to quickly auto-inflate the bladder, a draw-string can be pulled to quickly open a valve that releases air from a compressed gas cylinder into the bladder.
Additional safety equipment that can be included in the novel system is a controlled descent device useful for escaping from precarious or unsafe high structures. A representative device for this function is the Youan Model JSH-100/35-20 hand control descent rescue device (Guangzhou Youan Fire Protection Technology Co., Ltd., China). It includes a hook attached to a length of cable or rope wound on a reel. The rope passes through a strong rigid ring that is connected to fabric bosun's chair style personal harness. The user climbs into the harness, attaches the hook to a fixed object, throws the reel to a destination location below and rappels downward along the cable or rope. The system also should include a pair of rapelling gloves to protect the hands during descent.
Still other optional components contemplated for inclusion in a comprehensively stocked escape and survival system according to this invention include a U.S. transportation and security administration approved Brass mini lock preferably coated with black plastic, a survival aid kit including strike anywhere matches in waterproof container, flint fire starter and signaling mirror. It should be understood that certain elements of the escape and survival system are important basic components to be included in every embodiment of the invention. These basic components include the backpack configuration of the body, the battery and battery charging system, the radiation dosimeter and treatment features, the ballistic protection shield feature, the chemical resistant clothing including the escape hood, the water purification set, trauma kit, meal bars, and the radio communication equipment. Other components identified in this disclosure should be included in a comprehensive system according to this invention but can be mixed and substituted in various combinations to provide a self-contained system best adapted to the needs of a specific user. For example, certain users may not contemplate high risk exposure and thus might not have use or ability to pay for components not likely to be utilized. These users can select a stripped down, more basically stocked system. Other users who contemplate greater risk potential or who desire the advanced protection features of a more robustly outfitted system can select a wider variety of system components. It is thus an advantageous feature of this novel system that the user can customize the extra accessories included in a personalized escape and survival system, provided that the components fit in or on the backpack case structure.
Although specific forms of the invention have been selected in the preceding disclosure for illustration in specific terms for the purpose of describing these forms of the invention fully and amply for one of average skill in the pertinent art, it should be understood that various substitutions and modifications which bring about substantially equivalent or superior results and/or performance are deemed to be within the scope and spirit of the following claims. The entire disclosure of all U.S. patents and patent applications identified in the present application is hereby incorporated by reference herein.
1. A backpack for carrying components of an emergency kit comprising a body having (i) a substantially tall, rectangular prismoid shape formed by walls of textile fabric extending from opposite lateral sides to a top of the body at a convexly curved corner, (ii) four substantially planar bulkheads, identified in order from rear-to-fore as bulkheads A, B, C and D, that define three main chambers between adjacent pairs of bulkheads the chambers identified in order from rear-to-fore as chambers I, II, and III, (iii) zippered closures along peripheral edges of slits in the walls, which zippered closures are operative to provide independent reclosable access to each chamber, (iv) an exterior face with an upper portion of fabric defining a plurality of windows, (v) a solar panel effective to convert sunlight to direct current electricity positioned coextensively within each window, (vi) a light-transmissive film affixed to the fabric and covering each solar panel, and (vii) a plurality of rigid stand-offs near the windows, the stand-offs protruding about 1 mm-5 mm outward from the fabric.
2. The backpack of claim 1 in which the solar panels have a common output and in which the backpack comprises a first electric cable connected at one end to the common output and a first charging connector at the other end, and in which the first electric cable extends through bulkhead A into chamber I.
3. The backpack of claim 2 further comprising at least two removable rechargeable batteries, each battery having a substantially rectangular prismoid shape of about 2-5 inches long, about 1.5-3.5 inches wide and about 0.12-1.0 inch thick, and at least three battery pockets with elastic rims on bulkhead B facing chamber I, in which each battery pocket has an elastic rim effective to removably retain one of the batteries in fixed position against bulkhead B, and in which each battery has an input electrical receptacle adapted to removably mate with the first charging connector of the first electric cable connected to the solar panels.
4. The backpack of claim 3 in which the body further comprising a pouch having an outer wall, a cover, a zippered closure between the outer wall and the cover, and a back wall that is affixed in contact with a lateral side of the backpack externally adjacent to chamber I, the walls and cover of the pouch defining an internal chamber IV, in which the back wall has a grommet defining a passage between chamber I and chamber IV, and in which the backpack further comprises a second electric cable about 1 m long with a second charging connector adapted to removably mate with the input electrical receptacle at one end located in chamber I, extending through the passage into chamber IV and terminating in an electrical slip connector.
5. The backpack of claim 4 which further comprises a removable 2-in-1 charging adapter having (a) a male line plug connector suitable to receive first electric input power from a 110 volt alternating current source or a 240 volt alternating current source, (b) a male cigarette lighter plug connector suitable to receive second electric input power from a 12 volt direct current source, (c) transformer means for converting first electric input power and second electric input power to electric output power of about 2-6 volts direct current, and (d) an electrical slip receptacle adapted to removably mate with the electrical slip connector of the second electric cable.
6. The backpack of claim 1 in which all exterior surface area of the body up to an elevation of at least about 2 inches comprises a barrier of liquid impervious material effective to prevent the penetration of water into the body.
7. The backpack of claim 6 in which the liquid barrier is effective to prevent penetration of liquid selected from the group consisting of oils, organic solvents, and acids.
8. The backpack of claim 1 in which adjacent to bulkhead D facing chamber III further comprises a ballistic protection shield comprising a substantially flat sheet of ballistic resistant panel capable of protecting to at least against a Threat Level Type IIA of National Institute of Justice Standard 0108.01, in which the sheet is unattached to the body, and is a size of area at least 90% of bulkhead D area.
9. The backpack of claim 8 in which the ballistic resistant panel further comprises handle means for grasping the shield by a hand positioned behind the shield.
10. The backpack of claim 1 in which bulkhead C facing chamber III further comprises a padded electronics protection pocket adapted to store a laptop computer.
11. The backpack of claim 1 which further comprises an unattached personal radiation exposure dosimeter of size substantially similar to a credit card.
12. The backpack of claim 11 which further comprises a radiation protection pocket of a clear plastic sheet mounted on an interior wall adjacent a lateral side of chamber II, in which the protection sheet is operative to removably receive the personal radiation exposure dosimeter.
13. The backpack of claim 1 in which mounted on an exterior front panel of bulkhead D, the body further comprises (a) a plurality of cushioned pads and (b) at least one false cushioned pad containing a concealed valuables chamber V, which chamber V has a reclosable access entrance, and in which the cushioned pads and false cushion pad each have a thickness in the range of about 0.5-2.0 inches.
14. An emergency escape and survival kit comprising a backpack comprising
- (I) a body having (a) a substantially tall, rectangular prismoid shape with a top that meets with each lateral side of the body at a convexly curved corner, (b) four substantially planar bulkheads, identified in order from rear-to-fore as bulkheads A, B, C and D, that define three main chambers between adjacent pairs of bulkheads the chambers identified in order from rear-to-fore as chambers I, II, and III, (c) zippered closures along peripheral edges of the bulkheads at lateral sides and top of the body, which zippered closures are operative to provide independent reclosable access to each chamber, (d) an exterior face with an upper portion of fabric defining a plurality of windows, (e) a light-transmissive film coextensive with each window and affixed to the fabric, (f) a plurality of rigid stand-offs near the windows, the stand-offs protruding about 1 mm-5 mm outward from the fabric, (g) a pouch having an outer wall, a cover, a zippered closure between the outer wall and the cover, and a back wall that is affixed in contact with a lateral side of the backpack externally adjacent to chamber I, the walls and cover of the pouch defining an internal chamber IV, in which the back wall of the pouch has a grommet defining a passage between chamber I and chamber IV, (h) a barrier on all exterior surface area of the body up to an elevation of at least about 2 inches of a liquid impervious material effective to prevent the penetration into the body of a liquid selected from the group consisting of water, oil, hydrocarbon solvents and a combination thereof, (i) a substantially flat, personal protection pocket having a top opening extending across bulkhead D, (j) a padded electronics protection pocket adapted to store a laptop computer on bulkhead C facing chamber III, (k) a radiation protection pocket of a clear plastic sheet mounted on an interior wall adjacent a lateral side of chamber II, and (l) on an exterior front panel of bulkhead D, (i) a plurality of cushioned pads and (ii) at least one false cushioned pad containing a concealed valuables chamber V, which chamber V has a reclosable access entrance, and in which the cushioned pads and false cushion pad each have a thickness in the range of about 0.5-2.0 inches,
- (II) a power supply system comprising (a) a solar panel effective to convert sunlight to direct current electricity positioned coextensively within each window, each solar panel being in common electrical communication with one end of a first electric cable that extends through bulkhead A into chamber I and has a first charging connector at the other end, (b) a second electric cable about 0.5 m-1 m long with a second charging connector identical to the first charging connector at one end located in chamber I, the second electric cable extending through the passage into chamber IV and terminating in an electric slip connector, (c) at least two removable, rechargeable batteries, each battery having an input electrical receptacle adapted to removably mate alternatively with any one of the first charging connector and the second charging cable, and having a substantially rectangular prismoid shape of about 2-5 inches long, about 1.5-3.5 inches wide and about 0.12-1.0 inch thick, (d) at least three elastic bands affixed to bulkhead B facing chamber I, each band being effective to removably retain one of the batteries in fixed position against bulkhead B, and (e) a removable 2-in-1 charging adapter having (i) a male line plug connector suitable to receive first electric input power from a 110 volt alternating current source or a 240 volt alternating current source, (ii) a male cigarette lighter plug connector suitable to receive second electric input power from a 12 volt direct current source, (iii) transformer means for converting first electric input power and second electric input power to electric output power of about 2-6 volts direct current, and (iv) an electrical slip receptacle adapted to removably mate with the electrical slip connector of the second electric cable,
- (III) a ballistic protection shield comprising (a) a substantially flat sheet of ballistic resistant panel capable of protecting to at least against a Threat Level Type IIA of National Institute of Justice Standard 0108.01, and (b) handle means for grasping the shield by a hand positioned behind the shield, in which the sheet is unattached to the body, is removably insertable into the personal protection pocket, and is a size of area at least 90% of bulkhead D area, and
- (IV) a personal radiation exposure dosimeter of size substantially similar to a credit card and which is removably insertable in the radiation protection pocket such that the dosimeter can be visually seen through the clear plastic sheet.
15. The emergency escape and survival kit of claim 14 further comprising protective clothing components comprising
- (a) a polyethylene poncho,
- (b) chemical resistant gloves,
- (c) chemical resistant body suit
- (d) full head escape hood with air-purifying respirator having particulate, carbon monoxide and organic chemical vapor removal capability, and
- (e) particulate-only air-filtering face mask,
- in which each of components (a)-(e) is individually sealed under vacuum within in a pouch of clear, flexible film, and,
- in which components (a)-(e) together fit within chambers I, II and IV.
16. The emergency escape and survival kit of claim 14 further comprising hazard protection components comprising
- (a) at least about 16 ounce, multiuse portable fire extinguisher rated for at least Class A and Class B fire protection,
- (b) U.S. Coast Guard approved inflatable personal floatation device,
- (c) at least 2, about 15 mm diameter by about 150 mm long chemically activated, glow-in-the-dark, light sticks,
- (d) an about 1.1 m by about 1.5 m polyester microfiber viscose blanket,
- (e) an about 2.5 cm diameter by about 9 cm long, light emitting diode, battery operable, portable flashlight,
- (f) a single, battery operated, portable combination Family Service Radio/General Mobile Radio Service transmitting/receiving radio, and
- (g) a single, alternately battery and dynamo powered, AM/FM/Weatherband receive only radio,
- in which each of components (a)-(g) is individually sealed under vacuum within in a pouch of clear, flexible film, and,
- in which components (a)-(g) together fit within chambers I, II and IV.
17. The The emergency escape and survival kit of claim 14 further comprising defense and survival components comprising
- (a) one about 2 ounce capacity aerosol-driven, self defense pepper spray dispenser
- (b) US Coast Guard approved individually wrapped meal bars sufficient for at least about three-days of consumption by a single person,
- (c) a one-person, emergency style sleeping bag
- (d) a personal survival set comprising (i) at least about a dozen strike anywhere matches within a match container, handheld magnetic compass, flint fire starter, signal minor, and, manual whistle,
- (e) a U.S. Transportation Security Administration-approved brass padlock lock,
- (f) a 2 inch wide by 60 inch long roll of adhesive tape, and
- (g) written instructions for escape, protection and survival of emergency and disaster events,
- in which each of components (b)-(g) is individually sealed under vacuum within in a pouch of clear, flexible film, and,
- in which components (b)-(g) together fit within chambers I, II and IV.
18. The The emergency escape and survival kit of claim 14 further comprising medical protection components comprising
- (a) a medicinal set of individually wrapped doses comprising (i) at least about six anti-diarrheal caplets, (ii) at least about 12 non-steroidal anti-inflammatory pain relief tablets, and (iii) at least about 2 coated 32.5 mg potassium iodide tablets 32.5 mg,
- (b) a water purification set comprising (i) an about 750 mL capacity single wall stainless steel water bottle including filter, straw and cap, and (ii) at least about 12 germicidal drinking water purification tablets,
- (c) a clear plastic multi-day pill organizer, and
- (d) a wound treatment kit comprising (i) a plurality of trama blood stopping sterile hemostatic pad about 10 cm by about 10 cm with antimicrobial dressing, (ii) at least about 10 compressed cloths (iii) an arm sling (iv) a plurality of pressure sensitive adhesive bandages, (v) a compressed non-woven sponge, (vi) a plurality of antiseptic cleansing wipes, (vii) a plurality of anti mosquito towelettes, (viii) at least about 0.5 ounce of triple antibiotic ointment, and (e) a 3 ounces of alcohol based hand sanitizer gel,
- in which each of components (a)-(d) is individually sealed under vacuum within in a pouch of clear, flexible film, and,
- in which components (a)-(d) together fit within chambers I, II and IV.
19. The backpack of claim 8 further comprising in which adjacent to bulkhead D facing chamber III a substantially flat, personal protection pocket having a top opening extending across bulkhead D and in which the ballistic protection shield is removably insertable into the personal protection pocket.
20. The emergency escape and survival kit of claim 15 further comprising
- (A) hazard protection components comprising (a) at least about 16 ounce, multiuse portable fire extinguisher rated for at least Class A and Class B fire protection, (b) U.S. Coast Guard approved inflatable personal floatation device, (c) at least 2, about 15 mm diameter by about 150 mm long chemically activated, glow-in-the-dark, light sticks, (d) an about 1.1 m by about 1.5 m polyester microfiber viscose blanket, (e) an about 2.5 cm diameter by about 9 cm long, light emitting diode, battery operable, portable flashlight, (f) a single, battery operated, portable combination Family Service Radio/General Mobile Radio Service transmitting/receiving radio, and (g) a single, alternately battery and dynamo powered, AM/FM/Weatherband receive only radio, in which each of components (a)-(g) is individually sealed under vacuum within in a pouch of clear, flexible film, and, in which components (a)-(g) together fit within chambers I, II and IV,
- (B) defense and survival components comprising (a) US Coast Guard approved individually wrapped meal bars sufficient for at least about three-days of consumption by a single person, (b) one about 2 ounce capacity aerosol-driven, self defense pepper spray dispenser in which each of items (a)-(e) is individually sealed under vacuum within in a pouch of clear, flexible film, (c) a one-person, emergency style sleeping bag (d) a personal survival set comprising (i) at least about a dozen strike anywhere matches within a match container, handheld magnetic compass, flint fire starter, signal minor, and, manual whistle, (e) a U.S. Transportation Security Administration-approved brass padlock lock, (f) a 2 inch wide by 60 inch long roll of adhesive tape, and (g) written instructions for escape, protection and survival of emergency and disaster events, in which each of components (a)-(g) is individually sealed under vacuum within in a pouch of clear, flexible film, and,
- in which components (a)-(g) together fit within chambers I, II and IV, and
- (C) medical protection components comprising (a) a medicinal set of individually wrapped doses comprising (i) at least about six anti-diarrheal caplets, (ii) at least about 12 non-steroidal anti-inflammatory pain relief tablets, and (iii) at least about 2 coated 32.5 mg potassium iodide tablets 32.5 mg, (b) a water purification set comprising (i) an about 750 mL capacity single wall stainless steel water bottle including filter, straw and cap, and (ii) at least about 12 germicidal drinking water purification tablets, (c) a clear plastic multi-day pill organizer, and (d) a wound treatment kit comprising (i) a plurality of trama blood stopping sterile hemostatic pad about 10 cm by about 10 cm with antimicrobial dressing, (ii) at least about 10 compressed cloths (iii) an arm sling (iv) a plurality of pressure sensitive adhesive bandages, (v) a compressed non-woven sponge, (vi) a plurality of antiseptic cleansing wipes, (vii) a plurality of anti mosquito towelettes, (viii) at least about 0.5 ounce of triple antibiotic ointment, and (e) a 3 ounces of alcohol based hand sanitizer gel, in which each of components (a)-(d) is individually sealed under vacuum within in a pouch of clear, flexible film, and, in which components (a)-(d) together fit within chambers I, II and IV.
Filed: Mar 8, 2013
Publication Date: Mar 6, 2014
Applicant: Milspray LLC (Lakewood, NJ)
Inventors: Todd Bullivant (Rumson, NJ), Brian Scarpulla (Toms River, NJ), Elizabeth DeSerio (Forked River, NJ), Matthew L. Johnston (Toms River, NJ), Jack Hayford, III (Brick, NJ)
Application Number: 13/790,904
International Classification: A45F 3/04 (20060101);