APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR CONFIGURING MMT PAYLOAD HEADER

Disclosed are an apparatus and a method for configuring an MMT payload header. The apparatus for configuring an MMT payload header, according to one embodiment, extracts a sequence number of a media processing unit (MPU) comprising one or a plurality of media fragment units, which are to be aggregated into one payload and mapped, and displays the extracted sequence number of the MPU on the MMT payload header. Specifically, the apparatus for configuring an MMT payload header displays the sequence number commonly associated with a plurality of MFUs on the header only once, when the plurality of MFUs in one payload are aggregated in the one payload and mapped.

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Description
CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS

The present application is a continuation application of U.S. patent application Ser. No. 16/158,035, filed on Oct. 11, 2018, which is a continuation application of U.S. patent application Ser. No. 15/031,540, filed on Apr. 22, 2016, which is a U.S. national stage patent application of PCT/KR2014/009766 filed on Oct. 17, 2014, which claims priority to Korean Patent Applications: KR10-2013-0126824, filed on Oct. 23, 2013, KR10-2014-0087797, filed on Jul. 11, 2014, and KR10-2014-0134583, filed on Oct. 6, 2014, with the Korean Intellectual Property Office, which is incorporated herein by reference in its entirety.

TECHNICAL FIELD

The following description is generally relates to a technology for providing a media transport service based on a Moving Picture Experts Group (MPEG) media transport system, and more particularly to an apparatus and method for constructing MPEG Media Transport (MMT) payload header to reduce overhead.

BACKGROUND ART

MPEG Media Transport (MMT) is a new media transport standard technology developed by ISO/IEC WG11 (MPEG) system sub-working group in 2010.

In the existing MPEG-2 system, an MPEG-2 transport stream (TS) technology has been standardized for packetization, synchronization, and multiplexing for audio/video (AV) content transmission and now is widely used. However, in a packet transmission environment in which a network is based on an Internet protocol (IP), the MPEG-2 TS is inefficient.

Thus, ISO/IEC WG 11 MPEG has recognized the need for a new media transport standard and started MMT standardization, in consideration of a new media transport environment and a media transport environment expected in the future.

In an MMT payload header that is currently considered by the MPEG system sub-working group, an MPU sequence number (hereinafter referred to as an “MPU sequence number”), which represents a sequence number of a Media Processing Unit (MPU), is included in a data unit (DU) header.

In the case where a plurality of data units (DU) are aggregated in one payload, the number of DU headers included in the payload header corresponds to the number of aggregated DUs. If the aggregated DUs are media fragment units (MFUs), these MFUs are fragments extracted from a same MPU, and thus have a same MPU sequence number.

Accordingly, in the case where a plurality of MFU DUs are aggregated in one payload, each of the MFU DU headers includes a same MPU_sequence_number, in which the same MPU_sequence_number is repeated unnecessarily in an MMT payload header for a number of times corresponding to the number of MFU data units.

Meanwhile, the MMT payload header of current MMT standard does not include an MFU_sequence_number (hereinafter referred to as an “MFU_sequence_number”), which represents a sequence number of MFU included in an MPU. The MFU_sequence_number is important information that indicates sequential relations between MFUs in an MPU. Thus the MFU_sequence_number can be used for both a receiving entity and a sending entity to identify a sequence number of an MFU lost in a transmission process in the case where a discontinuous increase of MFU_sequence_number values occurs. Accordingly, MFU_sequence_number information is required to be included at an appropriate position in an MMT payload header.

Technical Problem

The present invention provides an apparatus and method for constructing an MMT payload header, which may reduce overhead by avoiding repeat of an MPU_sequence_number in the case of aggregating a plurality of MFU DUs in one MMT payload.

Further, the present invention provides an apparatus and method for constructing an MMT payload header, in which sequential relations between MFUs included in one MMT payload may be easily identified.

Technical Solution

In one general aspect, there is disclosed an apparatus for constructing an MPEG Media Transport (MMT) payload header, the apparatus comprising: a payload header constructing unit configured to extract an MPU_sequence_number of a Media Processing Unit (MPU) to which one Media Fragment Unit (MFU) or a plurality of MFUs to be aggregated and mapped into one payload belong, and configured to include the extracted MPU_sequence_number in the MMT payload header.

In another general aspect, there is disclosed an apparatus for constructing an MMT payload header, the apparatus comprising: an MFU counting unit configured to determine whether there are more than one MFU to be aggregated and mapped into one payload; and a payload header constructing unit configured to include once, in the MMT payload header, an MPU_sequence_number of an MPU to which more than one MFU belong.

In still another general aspect, there is disclosed a method of constructing an MMT payload header on a delivery function layer of an MMT system, the method comprising: extracting an MPU_sequence_number of an MPU to which one MFU or a plurality of MFUs to be aggregated and mapped into one payload belong; and including the extracted MPU_sequence_number of the MPU in the MMT payload header.

The method may further include determining whether there are more than one MFU to be aggregated and mapped into one payload, wherein the including of the extracted MPU_sequence_number of the MPU in the MMT payload header comprises including once, in the MMT payload header, the MPU_sequence_number of the MPU to which more than one MFU belong.

Advantageous Effects

According to the present disclosure, same MPU_sequence_numbers are not repeated in one MMT payload header when aggregating a plurality of MFU DUs in one MMT payload, thereby preventing unnecessary increase in a header size. Further, sequential relations between the MFUs included in an MMT payload may be easily identified.

DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS

FIG. 1 is a diagram illustrating a hierarchical structure of an MMT system.

FIG. 2 is a diagram illustrating an internal structure of an MMT packet.

FIG. 3 is a diagram illustrating an MMT payload header structure that is currently considered by an MPEG system sub-working group.

FIG. 4 is a diagram illustrating a DU header structure for timed media.

FIG. 5 is a diagram illustrating a DU header structure for non-timed media.

FIG. 6 is a diagram illustrating an MMT payload header structure in which two timed-media MFUs are aggregated.

FIG. 7 is a diagram illustrating an MMT payload header structure according to an exemplary embodiment.

FIG. 8 is a diagram illustrating an MMT payload header structure, in which two timed-media MFUs are aggregated, according to an exemplary embodiment.

FIG. 9A is a diagram illustrating a DU header for a timed-media MFU according to an exemplary embodiment.

FIG. 9B is a diagram illustrating a DU header for a non-timed media MFU according to an exemplary embodiment.

FIG. 10 is a block diagram illustrating an apparatus for forming an MMT payload header according to an exemplary embodiment.

FIG. 11 is a flowchart illustrating a method of forming an MMT payload header to reduce overhead according to an exemplary embodiment.

MODE FOR INVENTION

The present invention now will be described more fully hereinafter with reference to the accompanying figures. In the following description, a detailed description of known functions and configurations incorporated herein will be omitted when it may obscure the subject matter with unnecessary detail. Terms used throughout this specification are defined in consideration of functions according to exemplary embodiments, and can be varied according to a purpose of a user or manager, or precedent and so on. Therefore, definitions of the terms should be made on the basis of the overall context.

FIG. 1 is a diagram illustrating a hierarchical structure of an MMT system.

FIG. 1 illustrates a media coding layer 110 to form and transport a multimedia data packet, an encapsulation function layer (E Layer) 120, a delivery function layer (D Layer) 130, a transport protocol layer 140, an Internet Protocol (IP) layer 150, and a signaling function layer (S Layer) 100.

Multimedia data compressed in the media coding layer 110 passes through the encapsulation function layer 120, and are packaged and output in a form similar to a file format. The encapsulation layer generates data segments as a small unit for an MMT service by using coded media data or stored media data as an input, and generates access units for the MMT service using the data segments. In addition, the encapsulation layer generates a packet format for creation, storage, and transmission of composition content by combining and/or dividing the access units.

The delivery function layer 130 transforms data unit(s) output from the encapsulation layer into an MMT payload format, and then forms an MMT transport packet by applying an MMT transport packet header to the transformed data unit, or forms a real-time protocol (RTP) packet by use of an RTP that is an existing transport protocol.

The packets formed by the delivery function layer, passing through a transport protocol layer, such as a user datagram protocol (UDP) layer or a transport control protocol (TCP) layer, are finally Internet-protocol (IP)-packetized on an IP layer, and then the resultant packets are transmitted. The signaling function layer generates control information or signaling information, and transmits the generated information by adding it to data or through a separate signaling means.

The MMT payload format generated by the delivery function layer defines a logical structure of a media unit(s) to be delivered over the MMT protocol or RTP. The MMT payload is specified by a payload format for delivering the encapsulated data unit and different information over MMT layer protocols or other existing application transport protocols. The MMT payload provides streaming information and file transfer information. The data unit for streaming may be an MMT media fragment unit (MFU) or a media processing unit (MPU).

The MFU is a general container format that is independent of any specific media codecs and contains coded media data that can be independently processed by a media decoder. The MFU refers to a part of fragmented data of an MPU, and is the minimum unit that can be independently decoded. For example, in a case of encoding by use of one frame as an access unit, the MFU may be one video frame, or in another case, may be one slice contained in one frame.

The MPU is a container format that contains one or more MFUs and information regarding additional delivery and processing, and may contain various numbers of MFUs generated from a plurality of different access units. The MPU refers to an encoded media data unit that can be fully and independently processed by an MMT compliant entity, and may have a particular size (for example, 1 group of picture (GOP) for a video) according to an application is environment. For example, the MPU may consist of a plurality of picture frames that constitute 1 GOP (for example, a video with a length of one second), and the MFU may include each picture frame. The MPU includes header fields according to given definition, and at least some of the header fields are essential for MPU processing.

FIG. 2 is a diagram illustrating an internal structure of an MMT packet.

Referring to FIG. 2, an MMT packet generates an MMT payload on the delivery function layer 130 based on an MPU file 210 generated on an encapsulation layer 120. Pieces of header information 220 and 230 are generated by identifying at least one piece of multimedia data, and a multimedia data packet is formed by combining the header information and at least one piece of multimedia data.

The present disclosure relates to an improved MMT payload header format for efficient media transport based on an MMT, in which the overhead in an MMT payload header, for example the MMT payload header 220 generated on the delivery function layer 130 as illustrated in FIG. 2, may be reduced.

FIG. 3 is a diagram illustrating an MMT payload header structure that is currently considered by an MPEG system sub-working group.

Referring to FIG. 3, the MMT payload header includes a DU header. FIG. 4 is a diagram illustrating a DU header structure for timed-media. FIG. 5 is a diagram illustrating a DU header structure for non-timed media.

Referring to FIGS. 4 and 5, MPU_sequence_numbers 410 and 510 that represent MPU sequence numbers are included in a DU header.

In the case where a plurality of data units (DUs) are aggregated into one payload, the number of DU headers in the payload header correspond to the number of aggregated DUs. If the aggregated data units are MFUs, these MFUs are fragments extracted from a same MPU, and thus have a same MPU_sequence_number. Accordingly, in the case where a plurality of MFU data units DUs are aggregated into one payload, all of a DU header included in each MFU data unit (DU) have a same MPU_sequence_number. In this case, a same MPU_sequence_number is repeated in an MMT payload header for a number of times corresponding to the number of MFU data units (DUs), thereby leading to unnecessary waste of bit amounts.

FIG. 6 is a diagram illustrating an MMT payload header structure in which two timed-media MFUs are aggregated.

Referring to FIG. 6, MPU_sequence_numbers 610 and 620 with a same value are repeated twice in a payload header. As the number of MFU data units aggregated into one payload increases, the number of repeating times of the same MPU_sequence_number is also increased accordingly, in which it may be understood that the location of an MPU_sequence_number is not appropriate. Therefore, it is required to change a location where an MPU_sequence_number is included.

In the present disclosure, an MPU_sequence_number, i.e., an MPU_sequence_number, for one or a plurality of MFUs to be mapped into one payload is included in a payload header. That is, an MPU_sequence_number, which has been conventionally included in a DU header, is included in an MMT payload header. In this case, if a plurality of MFUs are aggregated to be mapped into one payload, there is no need to include each of the plurality of MPU_sequence_numbers in each of the MFUs, and only one MPU_sequence_number may be used to represent all the MFUs that are aggregated and included in a payload.

FIG. 7 is a diagram illustrating an MMT payload header structure according to an exemplary embodiment.

Referring to FIG. 7, an MPU_sequence_number is deleted from a DU header, and instead an MPU_sequence_number 710 is included in an MMT payload header.

FIG. 8 is a diagram illustrating an MMT payload header structure, in which two timed-media MFUs are aggregated, according to the exemplary embodiment.

Referring to FIG. 8, unlike FIG. 6 in which an MPU_sequence_number is included twice, an MPU_sequence_number 810 is included only once, such that the size of a header required to construct a payload may be reduced. Accordingly, as the number of MFUs aggregated into one payload increases, the effect of reducing a header size is increased.

On the other hand, referring to FIGS. 3 to 5, an MFU_sequence_number, which is information to indicate a sequence number of MFUs included in an MPU, is not included in an MMT payload header. The MFU_sequence_number is important information that represents sequential relations between MFUs aggregated in the MPU. That is, based on the MFU sequence number, a receiving entity may identify a lost MFU_sequence_number from a discontinuous increase of the value of the MFU_sequence_number, and a sending entity also may identify an MPU_sequence_number lost in a transmission process. Accordingly, the MFU sequence number is required to be included at an appropriate position in a payload header. To this end, in the present disclosure, an MFU_sequence_number is additionally included in a DU header so that sequential relations between all the MFUs aggregated in one payload may be easily and clearly identified.

FIG. 9A is a diagram illustrating a DU header for a timed-media MFU according to another exemplary embodiment. FIG. 9B is a diagram illustrating a DU header for a non-timed media MFU according to further another exemplary embodiment.

Referring to FIGS. 9A and 9B, MFU sequence numbers 910 and 920 are additionally included in a DU header, as compared to a conventional DU header illustrated in FIGS. 4 and 5.

FIG. 10 is a block diagram illustrating an apparatus for constructing an MMT payload header according to an exemplary embodiment. The apparatus for constructing an MMT payload header may be configured to be deployed in the delivery function layer 130 among the layers illustrated in FIG. 1.

Referring to FIG. 10, the apparatus for constructing an MMT payload header includes an MFU counting unit 1010 and a payload header constructing unit 1020. The MFU counting unit 1010 is an optional element, rather than an essential element, and thus the apparatus for constructing an MMT payload header may include only the payload header constructing unit 1020.

The MFU counting unit 1010 determines whether there are more than one media fragment unit (MFU) to be aggregated and mapped into one payload. Upon determination by the MFU counting unit 1010, there may be one MFU or one or more MFUs to be aggregated and mapped into one payload.

The payload header constructing unit 1020 includes, in an MMT payload header, an MPU_sequence_number which represents a sequence number of an MPU to which one or a plurality of MFUs to be aggregated and mapped into one payload belong. That is, in the exemplary embodiment, an MPU_sequence_number is included in an MMT payload header, rather than in a DU header. To this end, the payload header constructing unit 1020 may first extract an MPU_sequence_number of one or a plurality of MFUs, and may include the extracted MPU_sequence_number in an MMT payload header. In particular, even in the case where there are a plurality of MFUs to be aggregated and mapped into one payload, the payload header constructing unit 1020 generates an MMT payload header by including once, in an MMT payload header, an MPU_sequence_number of the MPU, to which the plurality of MFUs belong.

Further, although not illustrated in FIG. 10, a data unit header constructing unit may be further included in the apparatus. The data unit header constructing unit is configured to include an MFU_sequence_number of each of MFUs which are aggregated in each header of data units (DUs).

FIG. 11 is a flowchart illustrating a method of constructing an MMT payload header so as to reduce overhead according to an exemplary embodiment.

Referring to FIG. 11, an apparatus for constructing an MMT payload header (hereinafter referred to as an “apparatus”) determines in S1110 whether there are more than one media fragment unit (MFU) to be aggregated and mapped into one payload. As illustrated in FIG. 10, the determining whether there are more than one MFU may be performed as an optional process.

Further, regardless of whether there is one MFU or two or more MFUs, the apparatus includes, in an MMT payload header, an MPU_sequence_number of an MPU to which one MFU or two or more MFUs belong in S1120 and S1130. To this end, the apparatus may first extract an MPU_sequence_number of an MPU to which one MFU or two or more MFUs belong in S1120 and S1130, and may include the extracted MPU_sequence_number in an MMT payload header. Particularly, in an exemplary embodiment, as disclosed in S1120, in the case where there are more than one MFU to be aggregated and mapped into one payload header, i.e., even in the case where there are more than one MFU included in one packet, the apparatus includes only once, in a payload header, an MPU_sequence_number of an MPU to which two or more MFUs belong, and generates a payload header in S1120. In the case where there is one MFU to be included in one packet, the apparatus includes, in a payload header, an MPU_sequence_number of an MPU to which the MFU belongs, and generates a payload header in S1130.

Moreover, although not illustrated in FIG. 11, the apparatus may include an MFU_sequence_number of each of the MFUs which are aggregated in each header of data units (DUs).

Claims

1. An apparatus for constructing an MPEG Media Transport (MMT) payload header and transmitting a multimedia packet including the MMT payload header based on an MMT system, the MMT system including an encapsulation layer and a delivery function layer, the apparatus comprising:

at least one processor; and
a memory storing at least one instructions, executed by the at least one processor, for,
receiving at least one data unit output from the encapsulation layer, each data unit including a data unit header;
extracting, from at least one data unit header of the at least one data unit, an MPU_sequence_number of a Media Processing Unit (MPU) to which one Media Fragment Unit (MFU) or a plurality of MFUs to be aggregated and mapped into one payload belong;
including the extracted MPU_sequence_number in the MMT payload header on the delivery function layer;
is forming an MMT transport packet by applying the MMT payload header to MMT payload data; and
transmitting the formed MMT transport packet,
wherein a data unit header for timed media MFU is differently constructed from a data unit header for non-timed media MFU.

2. The apparatus of claim 1, wherein the at least one instructions further includes instructions for extracting the MPU_sequence_number of a common MPU to which a plurality of MFUs to be aggregated and mapped into one payload belong.

3. The apparatus of claim 2, wherein the at least one instructions further includes instructions for determining whether there are more than one MFU to be aggregated and mapped into one payload, and

wherein the MPU_sequence_number of the MPU to which more than one MFU belong is included once in in the MMT payload header.

4. An apparatus for constructing an MPEG Media Transport (MMT) payload header and transmitting a multimedia packet including the MMT payload header based on an MMT system, the MMT system including an encapsulation layer and a delivery function layer, the apparatus comprising:

at least one processor; and
a memory storing at least one instructions executed by the at least one processor, the instructions for:
receiving at least one data unit output from the encapsulation layer, each data unit including a data unit header;
is determining whether there are more than one MFUs to be aggregated and mapped into one payload in the at least one data unit;
including once, in the MMT payload header, an MPU_sequence_number of an MPU to which more than one MFU belong on the delivery function layer;
forming an MMT transport packet by applying the MMT payload header to MMT payload data; and
transmitting the formed MMT transport packet,
wherein a data unit header for timed media MFU is differently constructed from a data unit header for non-timed media MFU.

5. The apparatus of claim 4, wherein the at least one instructions further includes an instructions for including a fragment sequence number of each of the more than one MFU in each header of data units (DUs).

6. A method of constructing an MPEG Media Transport (MMT) payload header for transmitting a multimedia packet including the MMT payload header based on an MMT system, the MMT system including an encapsulation layer and a delivery function layer, the method comprising:

receiving at least one data unit output from the encapsulation layer, each data unit including a data unit header;
extracting, from at least one data unit header of the at least one data unit, an MPU_sequence_number of an Media Processing Unit (MPU) to which one Media Fragment Unit (MFU) or a plurality of MFUs to be aggregated and mapped into one payload belong;
including the extracted MPU_sequence_number of the MPU in the MMT payload header on the delivery function layer;
forming an MMT transport packet by applying the MMT payload header to MMT payload data; and
transmitting the formed MMT transport packet,
wherein a data unit header for timed media MFU is differently constructed from a data unit header for non-timed media MFU.

7. The method of claim 6, wherein the extracting comprises extracting an MPU_sequence_number of a common MPU to which a plurality of MFUs to be aggregated and mapped into one payload belong.

8. The method of claim 6, further comprising determining whether there are more than one MFU to be aggregated and mapped into one payload,

wherein the including the extracted MPU_sequence_number of the MPU in the MMT payload header comprises including once, in the MMT payload header, the MPU_sequence_number of the MPU to which more than one MFU belong.

9. The method of claim 8, further comprising including a fragment sequence number of each MFU into each header of data units (DUs).

Patent History
Publication number: 20200053017
Type: Application
Filed: Oct 16, 2019
Publication Date: Feb 13, 2020
Applicants: Electronics and Telecommunications Research Institute (Daejeon), YONSEI UNIVERSITY WONJU INDUSTRY-ACADEMIC COOPERATION FOUNDATION (Wonju-si Gangwon-do)
Inventors: Chang-Ki KIM (Daejeon), Jeong-Ju YOO (Daejeon), Jin-Woo HONG (Daejeon), Kwang-Deok SEO (Wonju-si Gangwon-do), Hong-Rae LEE (Wonju-si Gangwon-do)
Application Number: 16/655,044
Classifications
International Classification: H04L 12/805 (20060101); H04L 29/06 (20060101);