Shot Container Patents (Class 102/449)
  • Patent number: 10190857
    Abstract: The present invention provides a method of making a subsonic ammunition having a polymeric casing body having a generally cylindrical hollow polymer body having a body base at a first end thereof and a mouth at a second end to define a propellant chamber; a propellant insert positioned in the propellant chamber to reduce the internal volume of the propellant chamber, wherein the propellant chamber has an internal volume that is at least 10% less than the open internal volume of a standard casing of equivalent caliber; and a primer insert positioned in the body base and in communication with the propellant chamber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 26, 2015
    Date of Patent: January 29, 2019
    Assignee: True Velocity IP Holdings, LLC
    Inventor: Lonnie Burrow
  • Patent number: 10107604
    Abstract: A tracer insert has an upper cavity for retaining shot and a lower cavity for retaining a tracer powder compound. The tracer insert is configured for placement within the shot-pocket of a wad within a shotgun shell. The shot is placed in and around the tracer insert within the shot pocket and some shot is retained within the upper cavity of the tracer insert. A bottom exhaust port in the lower cavity allows the release of the tracer powder compound upon firing of the tracer shell. A cavity separator separates the upper and lower cavities and a flow channel may extend down from the top of the tracer insert into the lower cavity to allow a flow of air to aid in the release of the tracer powder compound. Side exhaust ports may be configured around the lower cavity to provide additional release area for the tracer powder compound.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 8, 2017
    Date of Patent: October 23, 2018
    Assignee: D&S COMET SHOTGUN TRACERS LLC
    Inventors: Houston Spaulding, Lester S Dixon
  • Patent number: 9982977
    Abstract: This disclosure provides for payload delivery systems and cartridges and methods that incorporate the payload delivery systems. The payload delivery system can comprise a stabilizer having a longitudinally cut side wall defining a series of vanes that are folded forward in the pre-launched configuration. Cartridges that include the payload delivery system are disclosed, which can be used to deliver payloads such as solid projectiles, shot of all sizes, powders, gels, liquids, and other payloads to exploit their specific function.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 26, 2014
    Date of Patent: May 29, 2018
    Inventor: James Y. Menefee, III
  • Patent number: 9778002
    Abstract: A wad or shot cup having a forward cylinder portion receiving a payload and a rear cylinder portion receiving a charge of propellant. One or more latent deceleration features can be formed in a surface of the sidewall extending along the rear cylinder portion. The latent deceleration features can be spaced apart from a rearward end of the shot cup and can be deployed to form deceleration petals after the shot cup is fired from a firearm. A series of longitudinal slits can be formed in the forward cylinder portion so that a portion of the sidewall expands radially adjacent the longitudinal slits after the shot cup is fired from a firearm for urging at least a portion of the payload to exit the forward cylinder portion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 15, 2014
    Date of Patent: October 3, 2017
    Assignee: RA Brands, L.L.C.
    Inventors: Thomas J. Burczynski, Jonathan W. Langenfeld
  • Patent number: 9739582
    Abstract: A shotgun cartridge having a weighted wad for controlling the separation point between the wad and the shot load. The wad having a tail portion and a nose portion with the nose portion shifting the center of gravity of the wad axially forward away from the center of pressure compared to where the center of gravity would be if the nose portion was not weighted thereby controlling the shot load separation and enhancing the shot pattern.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 11, 2015
    Date of Patent: August 22, 2017
    Assignee: VISTA OUTDOOR OPERATIONS LLC
    Inventor: Chris L. Billings
  • Patent number: 9546849
    Abstract: One embodiment of the present invention provides a polymeric ammunition cartridge and methods of making and using the same. The cartridge includes a substantially cylindrical insert connected to a substantially cylindrical polymeric middle body. The substantially cylindrical insert includes a top surface opposite a bottom surface and a substantially cylindrical coupling element that extends from the bottom surface, a primer recess in the top surface that extends toward the bottom surface, a primer flash hole positioned in the primer recess to extend through the bottom surface, and a flange that extends circumferentially about an outer edge of the top surface.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 27, 2013
    Date of Patent: January 17, 2017
    Assignee: TRUE VELOCITY, INC.
    Inventor: Lonnie Burrow
  • Patent number: 9341452
    Abstract: A gun cartridge such as a shotgun shell wherein the pellet load is contained in a projectile consisting of a frangible casing and a MV element wherein the MV element imparts long range travel and accuracy to the projectile and wherein the frangible casing readily breaks apart on impact with the target and allows the pellets to disperse in typical array.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 20, 2014
    Date of Patent: May 17, 2016
    Inventor: Jerry Baber
  • Patent number: 9222761
    Abstract: Shotshell type ammunition includes a hull, a wad member disposed within the hull, a hollow nose member, and at least one projectile disposed within the hollow nose member and the hull. The hull has a rimless proximal end that includes a primer for firing the ammunition. The hull also has a seat surface for seating the hull against a complementary seat surface in a firing chamber of a firearm. The seat surface is located a distance from an outer end surface of the hull at the rimless proximal end. The hull further includes an outer side surface extending from the rimless proximal end to the seat surface. Methods of fabricating such ammunition include forming such a hull, providing a wad member within the hull, inserting at least one projectile into a hollow nose member, and inserting the hollow nose member at least partially into the hull.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 13, 2013
    Date of Patent: December 29, 2015
    Assignee: Intrepid Tactical Solutions, LLC
    Inventor: William E. DeJong
  • Patent number: 9182202
    Abstract: This disclosure provides for payload delivery systems and cartridges and methods that incorporate these payload delivery systems. In one aspect, the payload delivery system can comprise a payload cup and a pleated cup nested within the payload cup and having a pleated side wall. The disclosed cartridges can be used to deliver payloads such as solid projectiles, shot of all sizes, powders, gels, liquids, and other payloads to exploit their specific function.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 30, 2012
    Date of Patent: November 10, 2015
    Inventor: James Y. Menefee, III
  • Patent number: 9109850
    Abstract: Shotshell type ammunition includes a hull, a sabot disposed within the hull, and at least one projectile disposed within the sabot. The hull has a rimless first end that includes a primer for firing the ammunition. The hull also has a seat surface for seating the hull against a complementary seat surface in a firing chamber of a firearm. The seat surface is located a distance from an outer end surface of the hull at the rimless first end. The hull further includes an outer cylindrical side surface extending from the rimless first end of the hull to the seat surface of the hull. Methods of fabricating such ammunition include forming such a hull, providing one or more projectiles within a sabot, and disposing the sabot with the one or more projectiles therein at least partially into the hull. Shotgun type firearms are configured for firing such ammunition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 23, 2012
    Date of Patent: August 18, 2015
    Assignee: Intrepid Tactical Solutions, LLC
    Inventor: William E. DeJong
  • Patent number: 8985004
    Abstract: Shotshell type ammunition includes a hull, a sabot disposed within the hull, and at least one projectile disposed within the sabot. The hull has a rimless first end that includes a primer for firing the ammunition. The hull also has a seat surface for seating the hull against a complementary seat surface in a firing chamber of a firearm. The seat surface is located a distance from an outer end surface of the hull at the rimless first end. The hull further includes an outer cylindrical side surface extending from the rimless first end of the hull to the seat surface of the hull. Methods of fabricating such ammunition includes forming such a hull, providing one or more projectiles within a sabot, and disposing the sabot with the one or more projectiles therein at least partially into the hull. Shotgun type firearms are configured for firing such ammunition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 30, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 24, 2015
    Assignee: Intrepid Tactical Solutions, LLC
    Inventor: William E. DeJong
  • Patent number: 8931416
    Abstract: An inert axisymmetric projectile is provided for launching from a shipboard gun and dispersing submunitions at a target. The projectile includes a base plug, a sabot housing, a submunitions package, and a retainer ring. The sabot housing includes a plurality of sabot petals angularly arranged and attached to the plug. The housing includes a payload portion and a nose portion, with a passage corridor between these portions. The submunitions package is contained within the payload portion and constrained radially by the housing. The retainer ring constrains the petals for joining together. Upon launch aerodynamic pressure fractures the ring and causes the petals to unfurl, thereby releasing the submunitions package for dispersal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 7, 2013
    Date of Patent: January 13, 2015
    Inventors: Shawn P. Schneider, Steven C. Tebrich, Marin A. Kobin, Seth L. Williamson, Bradford Scott Smith, Stephen Dix
  • Patent number: 8919255
    Abstract: A chemiluminescent tracer insert with decelerator for use with a shotgun shell to provide an aiming and training aid for shotgun shooting activities, including skeet, trap, sporting clays, hunting, law enforcement and military applications. The tracer insert can be used in shotgun shells of all gauges. The tracer insert comprises a translucent, resilient, elastic, cylindrical container in which the reactants, an oxalate and fluorescent-colored dye solution, and an activator encased in a glass vessel, are held. Ignition of the shell causes the glass vessel to break. The resulting chemiluminescent reaction causes emission of light visible to the shooter. Unattached ends of thin-flaps on the tracer insert extend outwardly when drag forces act upon them during flight, slowing the speed of the tracer insert, which makes it more visible to the shooter, thereby providing a consistent reference to enable a shooter to make corrections to his lead and/or shooting techniques.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 25, 2013
    Date of Patent: December 30, 2014
    Inventors: Mauricio F. Quintana, James Alfred Dunnam
  • Patent number: 8739703
    Abstract: A shotgun cartridge system includes a shotgun shell and a detachable cap. The cap fits within the casing atop the open end so as to close the casing and prevent the projectiles from falling out. An edge recess on the cap enables finger-nail removal of the cap. An injection port enables injection of a coating substance onto the projectiles. The inside wall of the casing may have a projection to snap connect the cap in the casing. The cap then has a mating projection recessed into the cap-wall and structured to snap in place below the projection on the casing when the cap-wall is slid into the casing. Alternatively, the projection is placed so as to form a thread around the inside wall and the cap's mating projection engages the thread when the cap-wall is slid, rotated and tightened against the thread.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 30, 2013
    Date of Patent: June 3, 2014
    Assignee: SS Associates, Trustee for SS CRT Trust
    Inventor: S. Mill Calvert
  • Publication number: 20130291752
    Abstract: A shot cup for holding shot in a shotshell has a generally cylindrical sidewall, having a closed proximal end, and an open distal end, and at least one distally-facing petal connected to the sidewall at its proximal end, the petal configured so that it is widest at a point intermediate the proximal and distal ends of the petal. The at least one petal being capable of opening outwardly after the shot cup leaves the shotshell.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 16, 2013
    Publication date: November 7, 2013
    Inventor: Olin Corporation
  • Patent number: 8511231
    Abstract: A less than lethal projectile and method of producing the same comprising of a sealed filled polymeric pouch containing a shot within. The sealed filled polymeric pouch is formed in a form, fill, and seal machine. An automatic loading ammunition machine is fed empty shell casings; the ammunition machine automatically loads the empty shell casing with pre-determined quantities of wad, primer, and gun powder, and subsequently moves the sealed filled polymeric pouch into a projectile compartment of the empty shell casing producing a fully-loaded shell casing to be loaded into a barrel of an ammunition. The polymeric pouch is capable of being inserted into various shell casings depending on the intended use thus allowing for officers and soldiers to select from an array of munitions when confronted with a situation where less than lethal means are required.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 18, 2011
    Date of Patent: August 20, 2013
    Assignee: Brejon Holdings (BVI), Ltd.
    Inventors: John Hayes, Daniel Smith
  • Patent number: 8418620
    Abstract: A shot cup for holding shot in a shotshell has a generally cylindrical sidewall, having a closed proximal end, and an open distal end, and at least one distally-facing petal connected to the sidewall at its proximal end, the petal configured so that it is widest at a point intermediate the proximal and distal ends of the petal. The at least one petal being capable of opening outwardly after the shot cup leaves the shotshell.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 15, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 16, 2013
    Assignee: Olin Corporation
    Inventor: Ben N. Frank
  • Publication number: 20130047831
    Abstract: Shotshell type ammunition includes a hull, a sabot disposed within the hull, and at least one projectile disposed within the sabot. The hull has a rimless first end that includes a primer for firing the ammunition. The hull also has a seat surface for seating the hull against a complementary seat surface in a firing chamber of a firearm. The seat surface is located a distance from an outer end surface of the hull at the rimless first end. The hull further includes an outer cylindrical side surface extending from the rimless first end of the hull to the seat surface of the hull. Methods of fabricating such ammunition includes forming such a hull, providing one or more projectiles within a sabot, and disposing the sabot with the one or more projectiles therein at least partially into the hull. Shotgun type firearms are configured for firing such ammunition.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 23, 2012
    Publication date: February 28, 2013
    Applicant: Intrepid Tactical Solutions, LLC
    Inventor: William E. DeJong
  • Patent number: 8316770
    Abstract: A munition round includes a cartridge case; a canister disposed at a forward end of the cartridge case, the canister including a piston movable in the canister; a plurality of high-density spheroids having a diameter in a range of about 0.25 inches to about 0.5 inches; a rear container disposed in the canister adjacent the piston, and fully loaded with the high-density spheroids; a front container disposed in the canister and partially loaded with the high-density spheroids, a remaining volume of the front container occupied by a spacer disc disposed atop the high-density spheroids; and a cap that closes a forward end of the canister.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 6, 2009
    Date of Patent: November 27, 2012
    Assignee: The United States of America as Represented by the Secretary of the Army
    Inventors: Patrick Fisher, Meghan Abraham, Bhuvanesh Thoguluva, Keith Martin, Robin Zeto
  • Publication number: 20120067244
    Abstract: A less than lethal projectile and method of producing the same comprising of a sealed filled polymeric pouch containing a shot within. The sealed filled polymeric pouch is formed in a form, fill, and seal machine. An automatic loading ammunition machine is fed empty shell casings; the ammunition machine automatically loads the empty shell casing with pre-determined quantities of wad, primer, and gun powder, and subsequently moves the sealed filled polymeric pouch into a projectile compartment of the empty shell casing producing a fully-loaded shell casing to be loaded into a barrel of an ammunition. The polymeric pouch is capable of being inserted into various shell casings depending on the intended use thus allowing for officers and soldiers to select from an array of munitions when confronted with a situation where less than lethal means are required.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 18, 2011
    Publication date: March 22, 2012
    Inventors: John Hayes, Daniel Smith
  • Publication number: 20120067243
    Abstract: A shot cup for holding shot in a shotshell has a generally cylindrical sidewall, having a closed proximal end, and an open distal end, and at least one distally-facing petal connected to the sidewall at its proximal end, the petal configured so that it is widest at a point intermediate the proximal and distal ends of the petal. The at least one petal being capable of opening outwardly after the shot cup leaves the shotshell.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 15, 2011
    Publication date: March 22, 2012
    Inventor: Ben N. Frank
  • Patent number: 8061274
    Abstract: A less than lethal projectile and method of producing the same comprising of a sealed filled polymeric pouch containing a shot within. The sealed filled polymeric pouch is formed in a form, fill, and seal machine. An automatic loading ammunition machine is fed empty shell casings; the ammunition machine automatically loads the empty shell casing with pre-determined quantities of wad, primer, and gun powder, and subsequently moves the sealed filled polymeric pouch into a projectile compartment of the empty shell casing producing a fully-loaded shell casing to be loaded into a barrel of an ammunition. The polymeric pouch is capable of being inserted into various shell casings depending on the intended use thus allowing for officers and soldiers to select from an array of munitions when confronted with a situation where less than lethal means are required.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 26, 2009
    Date of Patent: November 22, 2011
    Assignee: Brejon Holdings (BVI), Ltd.
    Inventors: John Hayes, Daniel Smith
  • Patent number: 7357082
    Abstract: A shotgun which allows its operator to fire modified ammunition rounds as either slug rounds or rounds of shot. The shotgun is modified by the addition of components creating an electric circuit in the shotgun. The modified ammunition rounds contain a modified slug round formed by a plurality of shot pellets held together by an epoxy which disbonds upon the application of an electric current. The operator of the shotgun may choose which type of round to fire by operating a selector switch component installed in the shotgun. The shotgun may include a modification to its trigger in which the trigger acts as the switching mechanism to disbond the epoxy binding the shot pellets in the modified slug round.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 25, 2006
    Date of Patent: April 15, 2008
    Inventor: Jeffrey Racho
  • Patent number: 7243603
    Abstract: A shot pattern control wad structure for use in a cartridge for shotgun wherein the cartridge includes a case having a tubular outer wall and a wad structure located in the case between gunpowder and a charge of pellets. The wad structure of the present invention is a two-piece structure and includes a base wad having a tubular cylindrical body open at a forward end thereof and has a closed rearward end that faces adjacent to the gun powder. The cylindrical body of the base wad is provided with slits longitudinally extending from the open forward end. The second portion of the wad structure is a shot container having a tubular cylindrical body with open rear and front ends and contains the charge of pellets and is dimensioned to be slidably received within the base wad.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 12, 2005
    Date of Patent: July 17, 2007
    Inventor: Clifford G. Sheaffer
  • Patent number: 7174833
    Abstract: A shotgun shell flight path indicator is described which in general includes a shell casing having a primer end having a primer, a propellant disposed within the interior of the casing proximate to the primer adapted for ignition by the primer, and a non-combustible indicator positioned within the casing. The indicator generally includes a base positioned proximate to the propellant where the base has a sufficient mass and size for unaided observation following discharge from a shotgun barrel. The indicator may include ballast integral to the base and pedals extending outwardly from the base to assist in aerodynamic drafting behind expelled shot to visually represent the flight trajectory of the expelled shot of a shotgun shell. The indicator may further include a plug disposed in the casing between the ballast and the propellant where the plug is adapted to compact the ballast within a ballast pocket integral to the base upon discharge of the shotgun shell to reduce peak barrel pressure for a shotgun.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 15, 2005
    Date of Patent: February 13, 2007
    Inventor: E. Wendell Diller
  • Patent number: 7171904
    Abstract: A shotgun shell flight path indicator is described which in general includes a shell casing having propellant disposed within the interior of the casing proximate and a non-combustible indicator positioned within the casing. The indicator generally has a sufficient mass and size for unaided observation following discharge from a shotgun barrel. The indicator may include ballast integral to the base and pedals extending outwardly from the base to assist in aerodynamic drafting behind expelled shot to visually represent the flight trajectory of the expelled shot of a shotgun shell.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 17, 2005
    Date of Patent: February 6, 2007
    Inventor: E. Wendell Diller
  • Patent number: 6988450
    Abstract: Anti-personnel tank fired ammunition designed for attacking personnel at various ranges includes a hollow base member adapted with an electric primer and a plastic or aluminum canister containing a payload at one end thereof. In operation, the hollow cartridge is loaded with a solid propellant. The electric primer which is centrally located in the solid propellant is fired and provides a flash together with the gasses needed to ignite the propellant. The burning propellant then provides the gasses needed to force the canister from the gun tube in which the ammunition is positioned.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 7, 2005
    Date of Patent: January 24, 2006
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Army
    Inventors: Peter Georgantzis, Keith J. Martin, Andrew A. Molina, Andrew Gowarty, Anthony P. Farina, Henry E. Hudgins
  • Patent number: 6886468
    Abstract: A shotgun shell flight path indicator is described which in general includes a shell casing having a primer end having a primer, a propellant disposed within the interior of the casing proximate to the primer adapted for ignition by the primer, and a non-combustible indicator positioned within the casing. The indicator generally includes a base positioned proximate to the propellant where the base has a sufficient mass and size for unaided observation following discharge from a shotgun barrel. The indicator may include ballast integral to the base and pedals extending outwardly from the base to assist in aerodynamic drafting behind expelled shot to visually represent the flight trajectory of the expelled shot of a shotgun shell. The indicator may further include a plug disposed in the casing between the ballast and the propellant where the plug is adapted to compact the ballast within a ballast pocket integral to the base upon discharge of the shotgun shell to reduce peak barrel pressure for a shotgun.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 19, 2004
    Date of Patent: May 3, 2005
    Inventor: E. Wendell Diller
  • Patent number: 6860207
    Abstract: A shot shell such as would be utilized in a shotgun or the like, wherein the cartridge forming the shell has a collapsible extension removably or permanently engaging the shot end of the cartridge, with the cartridge configured to provide a un-compressed length of, for example, 2.50 inches (the minimum length of shell for conventional automatic or semi-automatic, magazine fed shotguns. The collapsible extension is configured to be compressed when placed in a spring-fed magazine, so as to provide increased magazine capacity when compared to standard length shells, while expanding when removed by from the magazine during a loading cycle, so as to facilitate reliable placement of the shell into the breach from the magazine. The collapsible extension in the loaded cartridge of the present invention is configured to be ejected from the barrel upon firing of the cartridge. The present system thereby provides a means to increase the capacity of conventional automatic or semi-automatic (i.e.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 22, 2003
    Date of Patent: March 1, 2005
    Inventor: Thomas W. Robertson
  • Patent number: 6701848
    Abstract: An anti-personnel canister includes a generally cylindrical container having side walls, the side walls defining an enclosure with a generally concave surface at one end and an opening at another end; the side walls having an outer surface, the outer surface including a plurality of longitudinal grooves formed therein and, below the plurality of longitudinal grooves, a circumferential obturator groove; a plurality of submunitions disposed in the enclosure; a spacer disposed in the enclosure between the plurality of submunitions and the opening; and a cap disposed on the opening of the container, the cap having a top surface and including a pair of orthogonal grooves formed on the top surface.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 7, 2002
    Date of Patent: March 9, 2004
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Army
    Inventors: Peter Georgantzis, Angel F. Paredes, Eric P. Scheper, Henry E. Hudgins
  • Patent number: 6694887
    Abstract: A shotgun shell flight path indicator is described which in general includes a shell casing having a primer end having a primer, a propellant disposed within the interior of the casing proximate to the primer adapted for ignition by the primer, and a non-combustible indicator positioned within the casing. The indicator generally includes a base positioned proximate to the propellant where the base has a sufficient mass and size for unaided observation following discharge from a shotgun barrel. The indicator may include ballast integral to the base and pedals extending outwardly from the base to assist in aerodynamic drafting behind expelled shot to visually represent the flight trajectory of the expelled shot of a shotgun shell. The indicator may further include a plug disposed in the casing between the ballast and the propellant where the plug is adapted to compact the ballast within a ballast pocket integral to the base upon discharge of the shotgun shell to reduce peak barrel pressure for a shotgun.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 4, 2003
    Date of Patent: February 24, 2004
    Inventor: E. Wendell Diller
  • Publication number: 20030164111
    Abstract: A plastic, cup-shaped, multi-petal sabot housing a sub-caliber projectile for use such as in shotgun cartridges. The sabot engages the rifling of the shotgun barrel and transfers the spin to the projectile. A reinforcement disk is advantageously at least partially embedded in a sabot base and has a central aperture and a plurality of additional apertures. Sabot base material extends through the additional apertures. Advantageously, in its relaxed condition, each sabot petal includes a protrusion from its inboard surface for engaging a projectile ogive. The protrusion and its contact area with the projectile are fractions of the local petal width.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 7, 2003
    Publication date: September 4, 2003
    Inventors: Stephen W. Meyer, Robert J. Gardner, Gerald T. Eberhart
  • Patent number: 6539873
    Abstract: A shotgun shell flight path indicator is described which in general includes a shell casing having a primer end having a primer, a propellant disposed within the interior of the casing proximate to the primer adapted for ignition by the primer, and a non-combustible indicator positioned within the casing. The indicator generally includes a base positioned proximate to the propellant where the base has a sufficient mass and size for unaided observation following discharge from a shotgun barrel. The indicator may include ballast integral to the base and pedals extending outwardly from the base to assist in aerodynamic drafting behind expelled shot to visually represent the flight trajectory of the expelled shot of a shotgun shell. The indicator may further include a plug disposed in the casing between the ballast and the propellant where the plug is adapted to compact the ballast within a ballast pocket integral to the base upon discharge of the shotgun shell to reduce peak barrel pressure for a shotgun.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 15, 2002
    Date of Patent: April 1, 2003
    Inventor: E. Wendell Diller
  • Patent number: 6415719
    Abstract: A shotgun cartridge includes a cartridge case having a primer, a propelling charge contained in the cartridge case disposed proximate to the primer and shot. A first wad shot grouping element has a travel direction side surface in contact with the shot and extending rearwardly therefrom. The travel direction side surface acts on a first shot mass of the shot positioned in front of the first wad shot grouping element for at least some distance after exiting a barrel of a gun to define a first shot mass pattern. A second wad grouping element has a surface with a travel direction side surface and a side surface extending rearwardly from the travel direction side surface. An exterior surface with an annular edge extends forwardly of said travel direction side surface. The second wad surface acts on a second shot mass of the shot for at least some distance after exiting the barrel of the gun. The exterior surface and the travel direction side surface cooperate to form a cup shaped portion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 14, 2000
    Date of Patent: July 9, 2002
    Assignee: Muninord di Zanoletti Walter
    Inventors: Paolino Buccelli, Walter Zanoletti
  • Publication number: 20010042486
    Abstract: A shot cup 20 for a shotgun cartridge 10 is disclosed which is made of paper or other biodegradable fibrous material. The shot cup 20 serves to contain shot 26, particularly non-lead shot which may be abrasive, during firing, and to prevent such shot contacting the gun barrel.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 12, 2001
    Publication date: November 22, 2001
    Inventors: Stephen Phillip Dales, Martin Arran
  • Patent number: 6257147
    Abstract: A method and an apparatus for suppressing muzzle blast, muzzle crack and/or over penetration in a weapon. A frangible shotshell payload comprising a cup having a portion divided into petals, a payload having a mass disposed in the cup and a cap disposed at, and melted into, tips of the petals. The frangible shotshell may include a cup or wad formed from high density polyethylene. The cap may be formed from a disc of low density polyethylene having a diameter of 0.625″.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 3, 1999
    Date of Patent: July 10, 2001
    Inventor: Robert Bruce Davies
  • Patent number: 6258316
    Abstract: A relatively high carbon, water-atomized, steel shot is softened via annealing to render it suitable for ballistic use. The annealing preferably includes decarburization from a surface layer or throughout and preferably provides the shot with a surface Knoop hardness of less than 250.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 10, 1999
    Date of Patent: July 10, 2001
    Assignee: Olin Corporation
    Inventors: Morris C. Buenemann, Jr., Jack D. Dippold, Howard Muldrow, Peter W. Robinson, Brian Mravic
  • Patent number: 6161482
    Abstract: The present invention is a multidisk shell and wad for use in a multidisk shell. The wad consists of a wad base, a cushioning section attached at a first end to a top section of the wad base, and at least three alignment arms attached to a second end of the cushioning section. The cushioning section is interposed between the projectile mass and the wad base. The preferred cushioning section comprises a hollow outer cylinder and at least one inner cylinder of polymeric plastic material. Thus, there are at least two concentric cylinders providing the cushioning between the disks and the expanding propellant charge. These at least two concentric cylinders and are attached at first ends to the top side of the wad base. The wad has at least three spatially separated alignment arms having proximal ends and distal ends for maintaining the alignment of projectiles as they travel through the gun barrel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 18, 1998
    Date of Patent: December 19, 2000
    Inventor: George D. Clark
  • Patent number: 6067909
    Abstract: A sabot pressure wad has a unitary sabot portion and an integrally formed pressure wad portion. The sabot portion has a payload receiving compartment which may receive a payload, such as a cylindrical slug, with an interference fit. The pressure wad portion has a gas seal and a shock absorbing device, such as a plurality of chevrons. A separating disc may be positioned between the gas seal and the sabot portion. The gas seal, the separating disc, and the sabot portion all have substantially the same outer diameter. The sabot pressure wad may be a single piece injection-molded part, and may be received within a shell casing along with the payload. The sabot pressure wad remains attached to the payload upon discharge from a firearm until impact with a target.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 3, 1998
    Date of Patent: May 30, 2000
    Assignee: Sabot Technologies, Inc.
    Inventor: Richard G. Knoster, Jr.
  • Patent number: 5979330
    Abstract: A shotshell wad for use in a shotgun shell is provided. Three discs are disposed within a generally cylindrical tubular wail, and define a gas seal section, a middle section, a shot cup extension section, and a shot cup section. The third disc, which separates the shot cup extension section and the shot cup section, is detachably connected to the tubular wall such that when the shotshell is fired, the third disc breaks away and travels rearward relative to the rest of the shotshell wad to a position adjacent to the second disc. A plurality of fingers are defined by a plurality of lateral cuts through the tubular wall in the shot cup section extending from a point in the shot cup section to the forward end of the tubular wall. The tubular wall also includes a plurality of circumferential cuts passing therethrough substantially at the point where the plurality of lateral cuts terminate. The plurality of circumferential cuts extending through a section of each of the plurality of fingers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 23, 1998
    Date of Patent: November 9, 1999
    Inventor: John S. Cornell
  • Patent number: 5970878
    Abstract: The combination of a shot sleeve and a shot cup base form a universal shot wad that precisely fixes an adjustable volume for the shot column of a wide range of shot shell loads. The shot sleeve is a generally tubular member with an open end and a closed end. The inside of the shot sleeve is substantially smooth adjacent to both the open end and the closed end and has a plurality of substantially parallel, inwardly projecting, first ribs circumscribing the inside between the smooth portions.The shot cup base is a second tubular member and also has an open end and a closed end. A plurality of substantially parallel, outwardly protruding, second ribs circumscribe an outside of the shot cup base. The volume of a shot receiving portion is controlled by inserting the shot cup base a desired distance into the shot sleeve such that the two sets of ribs interengage.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 15, 1997
    Date of Patent: October 26, 1999
    Assignee: Olin Corporation
    Inventor: Robert J. Gardner
  • Patent number: 5861572
    Abstract: The invention provides a universal shotgun shell wad that may be used by manufacturers to assemble a variety of shotgun shells with a wide variety of shot and powder loadings. Shotgun shells of the invention use casings of the type known in the art including a base forming a cavity for a powder primer and an outer wall forming the exterior of the shotgun shell and carrying shotgun shell wad. Such shotgun shells are provided with a shotgun shell wad comprising an outer plug and an inner plug. The outer plug has a bottom shaped to form a powder chamber within the casing of the shotgun shell and a shot-carrying sleeve extending upwardly from the bottom surface and has an inner surface portion with a plurality of engagement surfaces spaced along its length. The inner plug has a closed bottom with at least one engagement surface on its outer periphery shaped for mating with the plurality of engagement surfaces on the inner portion of the outer plug.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 2, 1997
    Date of Patent: January 19, 1999
    Assignee: Alltrista Corporation
    Inventor: Heiner Schuermann
  • Patent number: 5837927
    Abstract: A pellet orienting member has a groove extending along a diameters of a disc for receiving a plurality of shot pellets of a first layer. The pellet orienting member may include at least one support surface adjacent to the first groove adapted to contact at least one shot pellet from a second layer. The pellet orienting member may have an additional, or second, groove on a second side extending along a second diameter. Either or both grooves may contain a separator in the groove. The groove may be of differing sizes and shapes, or may even be two depressions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 26, 1998
    Date of Patent: November 17, 1998
    Assignee: Olin Corporation
    Inventor: Morris C. Buenemann, Jr.
  • Patent number: 5834682
    Abstract: A 12-gauge emergency radar rescue signal cartridge comprises bundles of high density chaff tuned to I-Band frequencies of 8-10 GH.sub.z and packaged in a projectile housed within a 12-gauge 3.0-3.5 inch magnum shot shell. The projectile is deployed to a desired altitude by a propellant charge contained within the base of the shell. The base propellant ignites a pyrotechnic delay train carried by the projectile which allows the projectile to reach apogee geometry before the chaff material is expelled to form a radar reflecting cloud. The cartridge may also be employed to facilitate radar observation of low altitude wind conditions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 3, 1995
    Date of Patent: November 10, 1998
    Inventor: Cyrus E. Warren
  • Patent number: 5831205
    Abstract: A pellet orienting member has a groove extending along a diameters of a disc for receiving a plurality of shot pellets of a first layer. The pellet orienting member may include at least one support surface adjacent to the first groove adapted to contact at least one shot pellet from a second layer. The pellet orienting member may have an additional, or second, groove on a second side extending along a second diameter. Either or both grooves may contain a separator in the groove. The groove may be of differing sizes and shapes, or may even be two depressions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 12, 1997
    Date of Patent: November 3, 1998
    Assignee: Olin Corporation
    Inventor: Morris C. Buenemann, Jr.
  • Patent number: 5644100
    Abstract: A shotgun shell includes a sabot with a tubular portion extending from a e, a chamber disposed within the tubular portion in communication with an opening in the base, a load of shot disposed within the tubular portion around the chamber, and a valve disposed between the chamber and the opening to control the flow of propellant gases into and out of the chamber. The valve can be a choke with a flow constricting orifice that delays pressurization and depressurization of the chamber. Alternatively, or in addition to a choke valve, a movable valve member can be disposed between the chamber and the opening to seal with a valve seat in order to capture high pressure propellant gases which, upon emergence of the sabot from the gun barrel, will assist in creating a highly dispersed shot pattern at close range. Also disclosed are a number of ways in which the sabot can be modified to control the stiffness of the tubular portion in order to change the shape of the shot pattern to suit specific applications.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 19, 1996
    Date of Patent: July 1, 1997
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Army
    Inventors: Lawrence J. Puckett, Robert P. Kaste
  • Patent number: 5596167
    Abstract: A multiple projectile cartridge for a muzzle loading firearm which comprises a plurality of projectiles, a plastic cup sized to fit into a bore of the muzzle loading firearm containing the projectiles and a top wad inserted into and retained in the open end of the cup by a retaining means in the tubular portion of the cup. The tubular portion of the cup includes several spaced longitudinal slots extending from the open end toward the base of the cup defining petals therebetween. The retaining means preferably includes a radial peripheral groove adjacent the open end of each of the petals of the tubular portion of the cup. The periphery of the top wad engages this groove to retain the top wad in place and in turn retain the shot load in the shot cup when the cartridge is inserted into the bore of the muzzle loading firearm.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 3, 1995
    Date of Patent: January 21, 1997
    Inventor: Richard V. Davis
  • Patent number: 5471931
    Abstract: A water resistant shotshell has an internal moisture seal to preclude moisture intrusion into the propellant charge. The seal is at least one flexible tapered lip on the plastic shot wad which is compressed against the inside surface of the shotshell tube over the powder charge. The preferred embodiment is a two piece shot wad having a shot cup portion and a wad portion. The wad portion has a central disk portion and a tubular rim terminating in a pair of opposing flexible lips which provide a dual moisture seal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 1, 1994
    Date of Patent: December 5, 1995
    Assignee: Olin Corporation
    Inventor: Robert J. Gardner
  • Patent number: 5413050
    Abstract: A pattern controller has a disc-like adjuster which can be snugly fitted in a case and a plurality of stays which integrally project in the axial direction from the adjuster. The adjuster is provided with a tapered surface adjacent to the stays to define a guide surface for shot and a center hole through which shot passes. The stays are inserted in the shot charged in the case, so that the adjuster surrounds the shot. The case is crimped to complete a shotshell. The pattern controller provides a concentrated-type shotshell or a scatter-type shotshell. When the shotshell is fired from a skeet choked barrel or an improved cylinder barrel, a remarkably concentrated or scattered pattern can be obtained. A ultra scattering type of pattern controller which has no center hole is also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 18, 1993
    Date of Patent: May 9, 1995
    Inventor: Nagatoshi Maki
  • Patent number: 5315932
    Abstract: A shot cartridge is made to contain a projectile system for harmlessly ensnaring a fleeing person. The projectile system employs three or four buckshot paired with an equal number of twinned fish hooks. Each buckshot and fish hook pair is joined by a thin strong line, and all said lines are joined at a single site. The fish hooks are separately housed adjacent the rear of the cartridge. The buckshot are separately housed adjacent the front of the cartridge. The line is housed within the cartridge in a compacted state. When fired, the projectile system deploys with an assured wide pattern.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 25, 1993
    Date of Patent: May 31, 1994
    Inventor: Charles H. Bertram