Target Marking Patents (Class 102/513)
  • Patent number: 10139208
    Abstract: A jacketed tracer projectile intended for small-caliber and medium-caliber weapons includes a metal core including a tracer device, in particular in the form of a pyrotechnic tracer charge, disposed inside a cavity in the metal core in the rear part of the projectile. The cavity is designed to prevent the tracer device from becoming separated from the cavity during the discharge phase of the tracer projectile. The cross-sectional area of the cavity is typically polygonal. A method for the application of the tracer device in the tracer projectile is also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 29, 2016
    Date of Patent: November 27, 2018
    Assignee: NAMMO VANÄSVERKEN AB
    Inventors: Åke Andersson, Andreas Bjärstätt, Henrik Johansson, Lina Norum
  • Patent number: 10119798
    Abstract: An electronic tracking system for obtaining geographic or other information about a targeted object from deployed ordnance. Ordnance can be delivered from any suitable weapon or weapons system, including hand-held or artillery guns, manned or unmanned aircraft, etc. The ordnance can be substantially any projectile targeted at a human, animal or other object. Once deployed, the ordnance can provide a variety of information about location, the target, the shooter, or the ordnance itself. Such information can be transmitted at any suitable interval, even time-delayed or upon a condition. Preferably, the system also contains a receiver to receive the transmitted information. Once received, the information can be then provided to users in any appropriate fashion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 16, 2017
    Date of Patent: November 6, 2018
    Assignee: Insights International Holdings, LLC
    Inventor: Evan Parker
  • Patent number: 10082374
    Abstract: A round for a magnetically chambered air gun has a magnetically influenced portion and a non-magnetically responsive portion, as well as an exterior shell and an interior. The interior may be hollow, solid, or filled with liquid. Any part of the invention may be the magnetically responsive portion: the shell, the interior, the solid or liquid core and so on. The round may advantageously be spherical, and may include an actual magnet itself as opposed to merely being magnetically responsive. Magnetic materials may be impregnated into a non-magnetic portion such as a plastic shell. The shell may be of multiple part construction with a snap together design.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 28, 2016
    Date of Patent: September 25, 2018
    Inventor: James Nicholas Marshall
  • Patent number: 9958242
    Abstract: A payload dispersion system for a non-lethal projectile including a resilient layer and a marker packet having a hollow body including a lower surface, at least a partial opening centrally disposed, an upper surface, a volume formed by the lower surface, the at least a partial opening and the upper surface and a payload contained within the volume. The upper surface of the marker packet includes a wall and at least one weakened portion within the wall. The lower surface of the marker packet contacts an upper surface of the resilient layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 13, 2016
    Date of Patent: May 1, 2018
    Assignee: Security Devices International Inc.
    Inventors: Gregory Barry Sullivan, Dean Gregory Thrasher
  • Patent number: 9494397
    Abstract: A lightweight projectile having an integrated driving band positioned around the exterior of the polymer base of the projectile for engaging the rifling of a barrel to impart spin stabilization to the projectile. The driving band protrudes from the polymer base to minimize the contact between the polymer base and the rifling to reduce friction between the barrel and the projectile as the projectile is fired. The reduced friction allows the lightweight projectile to be propelled with minimal propellant force while still retaining the ballistic advantages of a spin stabilized projectile.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 30, 2012
    Date of Patent: November 15, 2016
    Assignee: Vista Outdoor Operations LLC
    Inventors: Erik K. Carlson, Joshua L. Edel, Lawrence P. Head
  • Patent number: 9157715
    Abstract: A marking projectile configured to be fired through the barrel of a firearm having rifling formed therein is provided. The marking projectile includes a polymeric base portion configured to engage the rifling of the barrel and a polymeric front shell portion coupled to the base portion. The polymeric front shell portion has a cavity formed therein for housing a marking compound and a structure configured to deform on impact and thereby release the marking compound. The marking projectile includes a metallic annular sealing component (e.g., a crimped metal ring) configured to seal the polymeric front shell portion to the polymeric base portion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 14, 2014
    Date of Patent: October 13, 2015
    Assignee: General Dynamics Ordnance and Tactical Systems—Canada Inc.
    Inventors: Eric Lafortune, Luis de Sousa
  • Patent number: 9157712
    Abstract: A biodegradable BB pellet includes an organic material and an inorganic material. Therein, the organic material includes a main ingredient polybutylene-1,4-succinate, while the inorganic material is selected from pulvis talci powder, calcium carbonate, barium sulfate, mica powder, and zinc powder. The manufacturing method of the present invention is mixing the organic material and the inorganic material into a mixture, and processing the mixture orderly through injection molding, grinding, waxing and polishing. Thereby, the present invention is degradable by the environment and prevented from polluting environment. Also, due to the properties of better toughness, flexibility, and higher heat tolerance, the present invention is prevented from bursting to hurt other people and deforming during long-distance transportation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 10, 2014
    Date of Patent: October 13, 2015
    Assignee: MINIMA TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Chien-Ming Huang, Yu-Kai Huang, Cian-Jhong Huang, Jian-Shiun Chen
  • Patent number: 9140528
    Abstract: A covert taggant dispersing grenade includes: a shell, the covert taggant disposed in the shell; a dispersal apparatus operably associated with the covert taggant to disperse the covert taggant; and a propulsion section operably associated with the shell for propelling the shell through an atmosphere. A method for dispersing a taggant includes: launching a grenade containing a taggant over a target, the taggant being invisible in the spectrum of the human eye; and covertly dispensing the taggant over the target.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 15, 2011
    Date of Patent: September 22, 2015
    Assignee: Lockheed Martin Corporation
    Inventors: Toby D. Thomas, Richard L. Green, Jonathan H. Record, David L. Hunn
  • Patent number: 9115306
    Abstract: In some embodiments, the instant invention provides a chemiluminescent system, including: an oxalate system, including: (a) at least one oxalate ester in an amount ranging from 3 to 60 percent by weight based on a total weight of the oxalate system, (b) at least one first solvent selected from the group consisting of: alkyl benzoates, dialkyl phthalates, trialkyl acetylcitrates, 2-acetyloxy isobutyrates, paraffinic liquids, isoparaffinic liquids, toluene, nitroethane, in an amount ranging from 10 to 97 percent by weight based on the total weight of the oxalate system, (c) at least one second solvent is selected from the group consisting of: dialkyl malonates, dialkyl dialkylmalonates, dialkyl arylalkylmalonates, dialkyl succinates, dialkyl glutarates, dialkyl adipates, dialkyl pimelates, dialkyl polyalkylmalonates, (d) at least one fluorescer, and (e) at least one inorganic salt in an amount ranging from 0.1 to 30 percent by weight based on the total weight of the oxalate system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 2, 2014
    Date of Patent: August 25, 2015
    Assignee: Cyalume Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Earl Cranor, Linda Jacob, Patrick Taylor
  • Patent number: 9115305
    Abstract: In some embodiments, the present invention is a chemiluminescent system, including: an oxalate system, including: (a) at least one oxalate ester, (b) at least one first solvent selected from the group consisting of alkyl benzoates, dialkyl phthalates, trialkyl acetylcitrates, 2-acetyloxy isobutyrates, paraffinic liquids, isoparaffinic liquids, toluene, nitroethane, and a combination thereof, (c) at least one second solvent selected from the group consisting of: dialkyl malonates, dialkyl dialkylmalonates, dialkyl arylalkylmalonates, dialkyl succinates, dialkyl glutarates, dialkyl adipates, dialkyl pimelates, dialkyl polyalkylmalonates and a combination thereof, (d) at least one fluorescer, and (e) at least one inorganic salt, and an activator system, including: (a) at least one peroxide, (b) at least one third solvent, (c) at least one fourth solvent, and (d) at least one catalyst.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 2, 2014
    Date of Patent: August 25, 2015
    Assignee: Cyalume Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Earl Cranor, Linda Jacob, Patrick Taylor
  • Patent number: 9103637
    Abstract: A covert taggant dispersing grenade includes: a shell, the covert taggant disposed in the shell; a dispersal apparatus operably associated with the covert taggant to disperse the covert taggant; and a propulsion section operably associated with the shell for propelling the shell through an atmosphere. A method for dispersing a taggant includes: launching a grenade containing a taggant over a target, the taggant being invisible in the spectrum of the human eye; and covertly dispensing the taggant over the target.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 15, 2011
    Date of Patent: August 11, 2015
    Assignee: Lockheed Martin Corporation
    Inventors: Toby D. Thomas, Richard L. Green, Jonathan H. Record, David L. Hunn
  • Publication number: 20150083012
    Abstract: An ammunition assembly comprising a body having an interior chamber between leading and trailing ends, and a nose portion is attached to the leading end. An ejectable payload is disposed in the chamber. An ejectable payload is disposed in the marking chamber. A pusher, adjacent to the nose and interior chamber, is axially moveable into the interior chamber to push the payload rearwardly out of the body's trailing end. An aft cover is connected to the trailing end and retains the payload in the body until the nose impacts a target. The aft cover is separable from the body when the pusher ejects the payload out the trailing end portion when the nose impacts the target so the ejected payload marks the target without being obscured by the body or the target after impact.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 20, 2012
    Publication date: March 26, 2015
    Inventor: Enrico R. Mutascio
  • Publication number: 20150027335
    Abstract: According to the invention, the marking device has a shape of revolution and comprises a casing (1) with a conical bottom (8) closed off by an obturator (2), fixed in a sealed manner to said casing (1). Inside said marking device there is a block (15) of compacted marking product.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 30, 2013
    Publication date: January 29, 2015
    Inventors: Patrick Barthelemy, Nicolas Sibilaud, Marc Ferrat, Laurent Carton, Philippe Dubois, Hervé Vuillermoz
  • Patent number: 8920918
    Abstract: A fill material is for use within a closed interior chamber of a gelatin paintball capsule. The fill material includes a polyethylene glycol and an oil. Each one of the polyethylene glycol and the oil is present in a respective amount that is substantially less than about 90% by weight of the fill material. The fill material additionally includes at least a first additive that is selected from the group consisting of an emulsifier, a dye, a density agent, a thickener, and a surfactant. Preferably, a starch may be used as the density agent, as the emulsifier, and/or as the thickener. Suitable starches may include corn starch, rice starch, potato starch, modified starch, and combinations thereof, among others.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 30, 2006
    Date of Patent: December 30, 2014
    Assignee: KEE Action Sports Technology Holdings, LLC
    Inventor: Aldo Perrone
  • Patent number: 8919255
    Abstract: A chemiluminescent tracer insert with decelerator for use with a shotgun shell to provide an aiming and training aid for shotgun shooting activities, including skeet, trap, sporting clays, hunting, law enforcement and military applications. The tracer insert can be used in shotgun shells of all gauges. The tracer insert comprises a translucent, resilient, elastic, cylindrical container in which the reactants, an oxalate and fluorescent-colored dye solution, and an activator encased in a glass vessel, are held. Ignition of the shell causes the glass vessel to break. The resulting chemiluminescent reaction causes emission of light visible to the shooter. Unattached ends of thin-flaps on the tracer insert extend outwardly when drag forces act upon them during flight, slowing the speed of the tracer insert, which makes it more visible to the shooter, thereby providing a consistent reference to enable a shooter to make corrections to his lead and/or shooting techniques.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 25, 2013
    Date of Patent: December 30, 2014
    Inventors: Mauricio F. Quintana, James Alfred Dunnam
  • Patent number: 8888908
    Abstract: Disclosed are improved colorant compositions that are suitable for encapsulation in an impact-rupturable casing that is adapted for intact projectile motion and rupture upon contact with a target surface. In many embodiments, the colorant compositions comprise (a) a carrier comprising: (i) a metathesized unsaturated polyol ester; and (ii) a polyol ester; and (b) a colorant. The colorant compositions are useful in paint balls for use in conjunction with projectile devices, such as paint ball markers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 7, 2007
    Date of Patent: November 18, 2014
    Assignee: Elevance Renewable Sciences, Inc.
    Inventors: Timothy A. Murphy, Brent A. Aufdembrink
  • Patent number: 8881655
    Abstract: The present invention describes a projectile (100,100a,100b,100c,100d) containing two luminescent dye components (123,125) and a dye powder (126). The first luminescent dye component (123) is contained in an ampoule (122) while the second luminescent dye component is contained in a vial (124) disposed inside the ampoule (122). A front crusher (120,120a) is provided at a front of the ampoule to crush into the ampoule and vial, thereby allowing the dye components to react and give a luminous glow. Upon impact at a target, a nose cap (110) of the projectile (100,100a,100b,100c,100d) breaks and a rear crusher (130) behind the ampoule throws the ampoule (122) forward and sputters the luminous dye out of the nose cap (110); at the same time, the dye powder (126) surrounding the ampoule is sputtered out to mark the point of impact. In addition, a thermal glow is also provided to mark the point of impact. Projectiles also allow light tracing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 10, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 11, 2014
    Assignee: Advanced Material Engineering Pte Ltd
    Inventors: Cheng Hok Aw, Boon Siong Chong, Kar Hin Cheang, Chun Kang Koh, Renjie Xie
  • Patent number: 8875634
    Abstract: An aerodynamic projectile is provided having a shell with an aerodynamic structure and a controlled center of gravity, and which exhibits improved aerodynamics and resulting accuracy, and which is suitable for less lethal uses. The projectile shell has a closed front cavity housing a payload, such as a marking agent, therein. The projectile shell also has an open rear portion to provide access to the open rear cavity, and to decrease the weight of the projectile and appropriately locate the center of gravity. The projectile shell also includes a plurality of fins on a sidewall member to enhance the accuracy of the projectile.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 29, 2008
    Date of Patent: November 4, 2014
    Assignee: PC IP Group, LLC
    Inventors: Gary E. Gibson, Michael A. Varacins
  • Publication number: 20140318402
    Abstract: A lightweight projectile having an integrated driving band positioned around the exterior of the polymer base of the projectile for engaging the rifling of a barrel to impart spin stabilization to the projectile. The driving band protrudes from the polymer base to minimize the contact between the polymer base and the rifling to reduce friction between the barrel and the projectile as the projectile is fired. The reduced friction allows the lightweight projectile to be propelled with minimal propellant force while still retaining the ballistic advantages of a spin stabilized projectile.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 30, 2012
    Publication date: October 30, 2014
    Inventors: Erik K. Carlson, Joshua L. Edel, Lawrence P. Head
  • Publication number: 20140283706
    Abstract: A training ammunition projectile has a solid chemical component disposed in a base compartment that produces a gaseous visible plume after impact. The ammunition cartridge generates kinetic energy while propelling the projectile through a weapon barrel. This firing process imparts heat into a projectiles driving band. When the projectile is in flight, heat passes from the projectile's driving band into a compartment in the projectile housing the chemical component. When the component is exposed to increasing heat and low pressure, the it undergoes rapid sublimation. The projectile is configured with a vent opening in its base for emergence of the gaseous plume during flight. The opening is preferably capped to allow for stable storage and to prevent any gas from escaping until the projectile is fired.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 20, 2014
    Publication date: September 25, 2014
    Inventors: KEVIN MICHAEL SULLIVAN, Roy Kelly, Marcelo Eduardo Martinez
  • Patent number: 8813652
    Abstract: A projectile includes an ogive at a forward end and a projectile body removably coupled to an aft end of the ogive. A signal dye or a filler material is located within a first cavity in the projectile, wherein the first cavity is at least partially located within the ogive. A pyrophoric material is also located within the first cavity, wherein the pyrophoric material is hermetically sealed either within or by the first cavity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 16, 2011
    Date of Patent: August 26, 2014
    Assignee: Amtec Corporation
    Inventors: Dae Y. Shin, Ralph E. Robertson, Jr.
  • Patent number: 8794155
    Abstract: A system includes an incomplete cartridge for a firearm and a field-selectable capsule for the cartridge. The capsule contains a product that may tag a person for tracing, induce sleep, cause disease, or have other effects. Capsules are preferably removably adhered to a strip with each strip of capsules potentially serving a different purpose. The incomplete cartridge includes a bullet that has an opening at the payload end. The opening receives and retains a capsule upon insertion. The capsule is made of a frangible material that releases the product upon impact. The capsule may be formed with a snap-in ridge extending from its exterior wall, which snaps into a complementary recess in the bullet opening. Alternatively, the capsule may be coated with a contact adhesive so that it sticks to the bullet wall defining the opening. A peel-off covering atop the strip shields the contact adhesive from contamination.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 11, 2013
    Date of Patent: August 5, 2014
    Assignee: HP Associates
    Inventor: S. Mill Calvert
  • Patent number: 8783185
    Abstract: A liquid missile for being projected from a launching device which includes a liquid charge combined with a non-rigid flight integrity component. The flight integrity component allows the liquid charge to be launched at increased speeds and distances by inhibiting substantial break-up of the liquid charge during flight.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 11, 2010
    Date of Patent: July 22, 2014
    Assignee: Raytheon Company
    Inventors: Stephen C. Jacobsen, Fraser M. Smith
  • Patent number: 8783186
    Abstract: The present invention relates to munitions employed for training and tactical purposes. Specifically, the present invention relates to training munitions (e.g., training rounds) used with various weapons (e.g., grenade launchers), wherein each training round includes a projectile that contains a pyrophoric payload that is released into the environment and reacts with air, upon impact of the projectile with an impact site. The reaction of the pyrophoric payload with air creates a signal that can be observed from a distance, thereby marking the landing or impact site of the projectile after it has been fired from a weapon.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 19, 2011
    Date of Patent: July 22, 2014
    Assignee: Alloy Surfaces Company, Inc.
    Inventors: John J. Scanlon, Rajesh D. Shah, John H. Slack, IV
  • Publication number: 20140196626
    Abstract: The present disclosure is directed to propellant gas initiation of a non-pyrotechnic projectile tracer. In some embodiments, cartridge-propellant gasses act upon a piston to break a frangible chemiluminescent liquid chemical ampoule to initiate a luminous reaction independently of and prior to any projectile motion. The piston may be a distinct piston, a separate component functioning as a piston, or the overall tracer container acting in the manner of a piston. Embodiments of the disclosure are applicable to direct-fire ammunition ranging from small arms through large caliber main battle tank ammunition.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 11, 2014
    Publication date: July 17, 2014
    Applicant: ARMTEC DEFENSE PRODUCTS CO.
    Inventor: Enrico R. Mutascio
  • Patent number: 8746146
    Abstract: A bullet or slug for hunting a game animal is fitted with a capsule that contains an effective quantity of a blood trail enhancer. The latter is composed of fish oil and apple cider vinegar together with effective amounts of natural anti-coagulant agents, such as ginger, onion, and garlic. The fish oil and apple cider vinegar also serve as anti-coagulants. These agents including also are effective in promoting healing of a non-fatal wound in a game animal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 30, 2013
    Date of Patent: June 10, 2014
    Inventor: Gayle Wiegand
  • Publication number: 20140041545
    Abstract: The present invention describes a projectile (100, 100a,100b,100c,100d) containing two luminescent dye components (123,125) and a dye powder (126). The first luminescent dye component (123) is contained in an ampoule (122) whilst the second luminescent dye component is contained in a vial (124) disposed inside the ampoule (122). A front crusher (120,120a) is provided at a front of the ampoule to crush into the ampoule and vial, thereby allowing the dye components to react and give a luminous glow. Upon impact at a target, a nose cap (110) of the projectile (100,100a,100b,100c,100d) breaks and a rear crusher (130) behind the ampoule throws the ampoule (122) forward and sputters the luminous dye out of the nose cap (110); at the same time, the dye powder (126) surrounding the ampoule is sputtered out to mark the point of impact. In addition, a thermal glow is also provided to mark the point of impact. Projectiles also allow light tracing.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 10, 2011
    Publication date: February 13, 2014
    Applicant: Advanced Material Engineering Pte Ltd.
    Inventors: Cheng Hok Aw, Boon Siong Chong, Kar Hin Cheang, Chun Kang Koh, Renjie Xie
  • Publication number: 20140013988
    Abstract: One aspect of the invention relates to chemiluminescent compositions comprising an oxalate composition, an activator composition and a H2O2-decomposition catalyst. Another aspect of the invention relates to chemiluminescent compositions comprising an oxalate composition, an activator composition and a peroxyoxalate catalyst. Another aspect of the invention relates to chemiluminescent systems comprising a chemiluminescent composition disclosed herein, wherein the oxalate composition and the activator composition are stored separately until activation. Another aspect of the invention relates to chemiluminescent systems comprising a chemiluminescent composition disclosed herein, wherein the oxalate composition, the activator composition, the peroxyoxalate catalyst, and/or the H2O2-decomposition catalyst are stored separately until activation. Another aspect of the invention relates to methods for initiating the chemiluminescent compositions and/or the chemiluminescent systems disclosed herein.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 5, 2013
    Publication date: January 16, 2014
    Inventors: Rachel Newell, Jeff Smith, Alicia Aispuro
  • Publication number: 20140013989
    Abstract: One aspect of the invention relates to chemiluminescent compositions comprising an oxalate composition, an activator composition and a H2O2-decomposition catalyst. Another aspect of the invention relates to chemiluminescent compositions comprising an oxalate composition, an activator composition and a peroxyoxalate catalyst. Another aspect of the invention relates to chemiluminescent systems comprising a chemiluminescent composition disclosed herein, wherein the oxalate composition and the activator composition are stored separately until activation. Another aspect of the invention relates to chemiluminescent systems comprising a chemiluminescent composition disclosed herein, wherein the oxalate composition, the activator composition, the peroxyoxalate catalyst, and/or the H2O2-decomposition catalyst are stored separately until activation. Another aspect of the invention relates to methods for initiating the chemiluminescent compositions and/or the chemiluminescent systems disclosed herein.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 5, 2013
    Publication date: January 16, 2014
    Inventors: Rachel Newell, Jeff Smith, Alicia Aispuro
  • Patent number: 8616132
    Abstract: An apparatus for distributing irritants or warfare agents includes a container having an interior for providing an irritant or warfare agent, which is dissolved or emulsified in a solution gas in its liquefied state of aggregation, which solution gas is in gaseous condition at room temperature and atmospheric pressure or ambient pressure. In addition, the container has at least one predetermined breaking point for producing an opening of the interior to the surroundings of the container at a predefined bursting pressure in the interior, and the apparatus further includes a pressure generator which can generate an increased pressure in the interior of the container that is greater than the bursting pressure of the at least one predetermined breaking point.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 3, 2009
    Date of Patent: December 31, 2013
    Inventor: Karl-Heinz Drager
  • Patent number: 8607708
    Abstract: An improved apparatus and method for fitting a normally non-explosive containing projectile with a spotting charge. A spotting charge capsule is inserted into an opening in the front of a projectile. The opening may be made by removing part of the nose of the projectile and making a shaped opening for inserting the spotting charge capsule. The spotting charge capsule includes an opening at its front and a bore behind the opening leading to a cavity for holding an explosive mixture, usually one or more pressed incendiary pellets. The opening and bore together form a venturi, or venturi-like, tube. The tube ends short of the cavity leaving only a thin wall between the bore and the explosive. On impact on soft media, such as dirt, sand or mud, the soft media will enter the tube and shear the thin wall, creating a high speed flier plate that ignites the explosive mixture.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 31, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 17, 2013
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Air Force
    Inventors: Charles H. McClenahan, William B. Walter, Chad G. Rumchick, Mitcheal A. Cooksey, Jr.
  • Patent number: 8584591
    Abstract: A multiple-part marking system that comprises at least one first part comprising at least one oxalate ester, at least one fluorescer, and at least one inorganic salt chosen from sodium thiosulphate, potassium thiosulphate, cobalt acetate, copper acetate, lead acetate, cupric chloride, ferric chloride, calcium iodide, potassium iodide, and silver nitrate; and at least one second part comprising at least one peroxide and at least one catalyst chosen from sodium salicylate, lithium salicylate, 5-chlorolithium salicylate, triazoles (e.g., 1,2,3-triazole and 1,2,4-triazole), substituted triazoles (e.g., substituted 1,2,3-triazole and substituted 1,2,4-triazole), imidazoles, and substituted imidazoles. Light and heat are emitted when the two parts interact.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 24, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 19, 2013
    Assignee: Cyalume Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Earl Cranor, Linda Jacob
  • Patent number: 8584590
    Abstract: A multiple-part marking system that comprises at least one first part comprising at least one oxalate ester, at least one fluorescer, and at least one inorganic salt; and at least one second part comprising at least one peroxide and at least one catalyst, wherein the at least one inorganic salt is chosen from sodium thiosulphate, potassium thiosulphate, cobalt acetate, copper acetate, lead acetate, cupric chloride, ferric chloride, calcium iodide, potassium iodide, and silver nitrate. Light and heat are emitted when the two parts interact.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 27, 2010
    Date of Patent: November 19, 2013
    Assignee: Cyalume Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Earl Cranor, Linda Jacob
  • Publication number: 20130291755
    Abstract: A visible or invisible light-producing device in an inert target practice projectile creates visible and/or infrared light initiated by a deceleration sensitive triggering element when the projectile impacts a target. A visible signature is creating for recording the impact to provide training without the use of any pyrotechinc, or other hazardous materials being deposited on the impact area. The light producing device may be initiated by fuze electronics—prior to actual impact—to facilitate simulating an airburst projectile for training or testing purposes.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 6, 2011
    Publication date: November 7, 2013
    Inventors: John Hirlinger, Richard Schrum, Jeffrey Darbig
  • Patent number: 8561542
    Abstract: The invention includes a number of shotgun shells having colored projectiles. When each shooter in a party of shooters utilize shotgun shells which have a projectiles of a color which is uniquely distinctive to that shooter then one is able to determine, by post-shooting inspection of an animate or inanimate target which was fired at by multiple shooters of said party, which of said shooters actually struck the target, how many times and at what place on said target The invention is therefore useful in accurately crediting each shooter for the accuracy of their shooting.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 9, 2008
    Date of Patent: October 22, 2013
    Inventor: Joseph Authement, Sr.
  • Patent number: 8539885
    Abstract: A projectile of non-lethal composition includes an outer casing that is substantially sealed prior to impact with a target both when the projectile is in a static condition and when the projectile is in a dynamic condition. A marking material is encapsulated within the outer casing prior to impact. The outer casing is configured to deform and unseal upon impact such that the marking material disperses forward via hydraulic action.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 2, 2012
    Date of Patent: September 24, 2013
    Assignee: Federal Cartridge Company
    Inventor: Rick Huffman
  • Publication number: 20130199396
    Abstract: A training cartridge projectile for use in either a plastic cartridge case or a conventional metal cartridge case is disclosed that contains no explosive material. The projectile has an insert having a body portion and a front end, a container overmolded onto the body portion of the insert, a frangible ogive fastened to the front end of the tubular insert; and a payload module within the ogive in front of the container carrying a nonexplosive signature material for providing a visual indication of projectile impact to an observer upon projectile impact with an object. The module includes a hollow frangible ampoule containing the signature material, and a generally disc shaped base member engaging the insert and closing the ampoule. The base member preferably has a set of axially extending vanes engaging the signature material during spin-up as the projectile is accelerated through the bore of the weapon firing the projectile.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 14, 2013
    Publication date: August 8, 2013
    Applicant: Amtec Corporation
    Inventor: Amtec Corporation
  • Patent number: 8485102
    Abstract: Marking cartridge for conventional firearms that deposits marking media on impact with a target. The marking cartridge generally comprises a marking projectile containing a quantity of marking media beneath a frangible cap portion and having a more durable exterior surface adapted to engage the rifling of the barrel when fired. The marking projectile also may comprise a receptacle for marking media having a curled lip adapted to remove air during assembly and excess marking media to insure a consistent quantity of marking media is contained within the marking projectile. The receptacle defining a marking media cavity radially spaced from exterior bearing portion wall and having a mushroom shape. The marking cartridge also may comprise an extendable casing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 14, 2011
    Date of Patent: July 16, 2013
    Assignee: Alliant Techsystems, Inc.
    Inventors: Erik K. Carlson, Lawrence P. Head, Matthew S. Schroeder
  • Patent number: 8479656
    Abstract: A paintball includes first and second half shell portions, each with a recess that can hold liquid containing dyes or other marking pigments. The liquid in the second half shell portion is relatively viscous, or becomes so after being placed in the second shell portion. The second shell portion can then be inverted and the liquid will stay within it. Neither shell portion includes a barrier to hold the liquids in place. The second half shell portion can then be placed on and joined with the first half shell portion to form a paintball.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 20, 2009
    Date of Patent: July 9, 2013
    Assignee: Hydro-Caps, LLC
    Inventors: Paul M. Ciesiun, Ronnie E. Bayless
  • Patent number: 8443732
    Abstract: A high angle-of-attack projectile or bomb comprises separate compartments that, after launch allow for (a) mixing of the chemi-luminescent materials, (b) heating of the materials in the projectile vessel, (c) pressurization of the projectile vessel, and (d) efficient expulsion of a day marker and heated chemi-luminescent mix upon striking the target. The projectile/bomb allows for the marking of targets. The projectile/bomb does not create unexploded ordnance (UXO) and minimizes use of energetic materials such as reactive chemicals and/or pyrotechnics.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 23, 2010
    Date of Patent: May 21, 2013
    Assignee: Rheinmetall Waffe Munition GmbH
    Inventor: Kevin Michael Sullivan
  • Patent number: 8438978
    Abstract: A training ammunition projectile has a projectile body comprising a head with a frangible ogive designed to burst when the projectile strikes a target. One or more marking agents, disposed in the head for marking the position of the target upon its release when the ogive has burst, include 1) chemi-luminescent components, disposed in separate frangible compartments, which mix and react chemically with each other when the compartments break up on setback, causing the mixed components to luminesce, and/or (2) a low density, fine, dry powder material disposed in the head and designed to create a plume, both for marking the target when the projectile strikes the target.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 10, 2010
    Date of Patent: May 14, 2013
    Assignee: Rheinmetall Waffe Munition GmbH
    Inventors: Kevin Michael Sullivan, Darlene Justesen, Perry Justesen
  • Patent number: 8402896
    Abstract: Novel hybrid luminescent ammunition (HLA) is provided. The HLA projectiles can include photoluminescent or triboluminescent material, or both. The photoluminescent and triboluminescent material can be placed at various locations on the projectile. In one configuration, the triboluminescent material that gives off light when the projectile impacts the target. In another configuration, a photoluminescent material provides a during flight and the triboluminescent material provides identification of target impact. In another configuration, the triboluminescent material is used to provide both the ballistic trace and the impact identification. Methods of making the HLA are also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 29, 2008
    Date of Patent: March 26, 2013
    Assignee: University of Louisiana at Lafayette
    Inventors: William Andrew Hollerman, Noah Paul Bergeron, Brady Martin Broussard
  • Patent number: 8403253
    Abstract: An active IR signature target simulation system which includes: a platform having a known temperature profile and a preplanned flight trajectory; a heat source carried onboard the platform, capable of producing heat following a controlled heating plan; and a control unit connected to the heat source and configured for initiating the heat source, thereby modifying the known temperature profile and generating a desired temperature profile required for sensing a simulated target IR signature during a simulation time window at a desired line of sight from the platform to an observing sensor, wherein the platform is an exo-atmospheric missile which includes an inner shell and a perforated outer shell, and wherein the heat source is a thermally active material disposed between at least a part of the inner shell and a part of the outer shell.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 18, 2009
    Date of Patent: March 26, 2013
    Assignee: Israel Aerospace Industries Ltd.
    Inventors: Shimon Cohen, Edi Maor
  • Patent number: 8399817
    Abstract: A micro designator dart engages a target to allow for designation and tracking of the target by transmitting a radio-frequency identification code. The housing of the micro designator dart is configured to enclose its components and deform upon impact with a target to allow a target-engaging member to physically attach the micro designator dart to the target. Also upon impact with the target, an impact-sensitive triggering mechanism in the micro designator dart activates a power source, causing a transmitter to send a predetermined coded infrared signal to the seeker unit of a precision guided munitions system. The micro designator dart may also include a self-destruct device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 12, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 19, 2013
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Navy
    Inventors: Alfredo N. Rayms-Keller, Francisco Santiago, Victor H. Gehman, Jr., Karen J. Long, Kevin A. Boulais, Peter L. Wick, Alexander Strugatsky
  • Publication number: 20130055917
    Abstract: This disclosure provides for payload delivery systems and cartridges and methods that incorporate these payload delivery systems. In one aspect, the payload delivery system can comprise a payload cup and a pleated cup nested within the payload cup and having a pleated side wall. The disclosed cartridges can be used to deliver payloads such as solid projectiles, shot of all sizes, powders, gels, liquids, and other payloads to exploit their specific function.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 30, 2012
    Publication date: March 7, 2013
    Inventor: James Y. Menefee, III
  • Publication number: 20130055916
    Abstract: This disclosure provides for payload delivery systems and cartridges and methods that incorporate the payload delivery systems. The payload delivery system can comprise a stabilizer having a longitudinally cut side wall defining a series of vanes that are folded forward in the pre-launched configuration. Other aspects combine a payload cup nested within the forward folding stabilizer. Still other aspects integrate the payload portion and the stabilizer portion into a single piece that constitutes a stabilized payload cup. The disclosed cartridges can be used to deliver payloads such as solid projectiles, shot of all sizes, powders, gels, liquids, and other payloads to exploit their specific function.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 30, 2012
    Publication date: March 7, 2013
    Inventor: James Y. Menefee, III
  • Publication number: 20130042783
    Abstract: A shotgun shell tracer which includes a base wall, an obturator extending from the base wall, an edge wall extending from the base wall opposite to the obturator, where the edge wall defines an internal space, and where a ballast chamber support is engaged to the base wall extending from the base wall within the internal space. The tracer also includes a tracer insert encircling a least a portion of the ballast chamber support within said internal space to form a plurality of sections. The edge wall may include one or more slits to form petals to improve the flight accuracy for the tracer following discharge from a shotgun shell.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 9, 2012
    Publication date: February 21, 2013
    Inventor: Wendell Diller
  • Patent number: 8376561
    Abstract: The present invention discloses a non-pyrotechnic, light emitting projectile for marking and illuminating a target. The projectile generally contains a main body having frangible side walls, at least one frangible ampoule containing chemiluminescent reactant components, a substantially incompressible filler material positioned between the frangible side walls and ampoule, and a first and second end cap. The first end cap is designed to be traversable between a first position and a second position upon impact with an object, thus provides a force sufficient to rupture the frangible side walls and ampoules. Rupture of the ampoules causes intermixing of the chemiluminescent reactant components and formation of a chemiluminescent slurry. The second end cap provides sufficient energy transfer to the chemiluminescent slurry upon impact with a target to disperse the chemiluminescent slurry radially and outwardly with respect to the longitudinal axis of the main body.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 20, 2010
    Date of Patent: February 19, 2013
    Assignee: Cyalume Technologies, Inc.
    Inventor: Joseph Cosimo Longo
  • Patent number: 8359978
    Abstract: Projectiles containing a fluorophore composition comprising a fluorophore compound and an activator composition comprising an activator compound for marking targets are disclosed. Some embodiments include a nose structure with a cavity radially segmented into a plurality of radially isolated compartments by at least one laterally and radially extending internal wall. Additional embodiments include a fore compartment and an aft compartment sealed by a septum. Yet additional embodiments include at least one pressurized cavity and may further include a plunger positioned and configured to pierce each pressurized cavity. Methods of manufacturing target marking projectiles and methods of marking targets are also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 16, 2011
    Date of Patent: January 29, 2013
    Assignee: Alliant Techsystems Inc.
    Inventors: David W. Endicott, Daniel W. Doll, R. Brad Cragun, Jared K. Olson, Michael T. Rose, Mark A. Moore, James D. Rozanski, Russell J. George
  • Publication number: 20130014667
    Abstract: The present disclosure is directed to propellant gas initiation of a non-pyrotechnic projectile tracer. In some embodiments, cartridge-propellant gasses act upon a piston to break a frangible chemiluminescent liquid chemical ampoule to initiate a luminous reaction independently of and prior to any projectile motion. The piston may be a distinct piston, a separate component functioning as a piston, or the overall tracer container acting in the manner of a piston. Embodiments of the disclosure are applicable to direct-fire ammunition ranging from small arms through large caliber main battle tank ammunition.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 11, 2012
    Publication date: January 17, 2013
    Applicant: Armtec Defense Products Co.
    Inventor: Enrico R. Mutascio