Special Process Of Milling, Grinding, Comminuting, Plural Stage Or Zone Mixing Or Product Patents (Class 106/412)
  • Patent number: 10300001
    Abstract: Techniques for implementing organic materials in sunscreen applications are provided herein. A method includes selecting a combination of multiple organic materials to incorporate into a sunscreen composition, wherein said selecting is based on (i) a desired absorption spectrum of the sunscreen composition, (ii) the absorption spectrum of each of the multiple organic materials, and (iii) a particle size limitation for each of the multiple organic materials, and incorporating the selected combination of organic materials into the sunscreen composition to generate the desired absorption spectrum. A composition includes a combination of multiple organic materials incorporated into a sunscreen composition, wherein the combination of organic materials is selected based on (i) a desired absorption spectrum of the sunscreen composition, (ii) the absorption spectrum of each of the multiple organic materials, and (iii) a particle size limitation for each of the multiple organic materials.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 19, 2017
    Date of Patent: May 28, 2019
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Talia S. Gershon, Ning Li, Devendra K. Sadana, Teodor K. Todorov
  • Patent number: 9978517
    Abstract: An electro-polarizable compound has the following general formula: Core1 is an aromatic polycyclic conjugated molecule having two-dimensional flat form and self-assembling by pi-pi stacking in a column-like supramolecule, R1 is a dopant group connected to Core1; a number m of R1 groups is 1, 2, 3 or 4. R2 is a substituent comprising one or more ionic groups connected to Core1; a number p of ionic groups R2 is 0, 1, 2, 3 or 4. The fragment marked NLE has a nonlinear polarization effect. Core2 is an electro-conductive oligomer self-assembling by pi-pi stacking in a column-like supramolecule, a number n of such oligomers is 0, 2, or 4. R3 is a substituent comprising one or more ionic groups connected to Core2; a number s of the ionic groups R3 is 0, 1, 2, 3 or 4. R4 is a resistive substituent providing solubility of the compound in a solvent and electrically insulating the column-like supramolecules from each other. A number k of substituents R4 is 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 or 8.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 4, 2016
    Date of Patent: May 22, 2018
    Assignee: CAPACITOR SCIENCES INCORPORATED
    Inventors: Pavel Ivan Lazarev, Paul T. Furuta, Barry K. Sharp, Yan Li
  • Patent number: 9944850
    Abstract: Provided is a carbon nanostructure including a plurality of organic molecules that are decomposition products of an organic solvent. The carbon nanostructure includes a carbon nanostructure core and a plurality of organic molecules bound to and grown on the carbon nanostructure core, wherein the carbon nanostructure core is a combination of the organic molecules.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 26, 2016
    Date of Patent: April 17, 2018
    Assignee: Korea Institute of Science and Technology
    Inventors: Han Ik Jo, Gil Seong Kang, Cheol-Ho Lee, Sung Ho Lee, Dong Su Lee, Tae-Wook Kim, Younki Lee
  • Patent number: 9765440
    Abstract: There is disclosed a method for producing corrosion and erosion-resistant mixed oxide coatings on a metal substrate, as well as a mixed oxide coating itself. A surface of the substrate metal is oxidized and converted into a first coating compound comprising a primary oxide of that metal by a plasma electrolytic oxidation (PEO) process. One or more secondary oxide compounds comprising oxides of secondary elements not present in conventional alloys of the substrate metals at significant (>2 wt %) levels are added to the first oxide coating. The source of the secondary element(s) is at least one of: i) a soluble salt of the secondary element(s) in the electrolyte; ii) an enrichment of the surface of the substrate metal with secondary element(s) prior to PEO processing; and iii) a suspension of the secondary element(s) or oxide(s) of the secondary element(s) applied to the oxide of the metal after this has been formed by the PEO process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 29, 2014
    Date of Patent: September 19, 2017
    Assignee: Keronite International Limited
    Inventors: James Curran, Stephen Hutchins, Oleg Dunkin
  • Patent number: 8754148
    Abstract: The present invention provides a method for producing a pigment composition for a printing ink, which involves the step of dry-milling crude copper phthalocyanine using calcium carbonate having a specific property; a pigment composition for a printing ink; and a method for producing a printing ink using the pigment composition. Specifically, the present invention provides a method for producing a pigment composition for a printing ink, which involves the step of dry-milling crude copper phthalocyanine and calcium carbonate having a primary particle diameter of 20 to 1500 nm in the absence of a resin for a printing ink; a pigment composition produced by the method; and a method for producing a printing ink, which includes the steps of heating a mixture of a pigment composition, a resin for a printing ink and a solvent for the printing ink, and wet-milling the heated mixture.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 19, 2008
    Date of Patent: June 17, 2014
    Assignee: DIC Corporation
    Inventors: Yoshiharu Ootoshi, Masayoshi Takahashi, Yuuichi Ayuta
  • Patent number: 8409343
    Abstract: An organic-inorganic hybrid pigment composition is provided comprising an organic pigment, an inorganic pigment, and a fibrous clay. The fibrous clay can be selected from palygorskite, sepiolite, or a combination thereof. The inorganic pigment is selected from rutile pigments, spinel pigments, bismuth vanadate pigments, cerium sulfide pigments, and combinations thereof. The organic pigment is selected from anthraquinone pigments, anthrathrone pigments, anthrapyrimidine pigments, azo pigments, azomethine pigments, quinacridone pigments, quinophthalone pigments, diketopyrrolopyrrol pigments, inanthrone pigments, isoindoline pigments, metal complex pigments, perinone pigments, perylene pigments, phthalocyanine pigments, pyranthrone pigments, pyrazolo-quinazolone pigments, thioindigo pigments, and combinations thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 21, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 2, 2013
    Assignee: Mayan Pigments, Inc.
    Inventors: Lori A. Niewold, Robyn Torres, Gary E. Williams
  • Patent number: 8337610
    Abstract: A pigment dispersion containing milled particles of near infrared (NIR) absorbing pigment and an anionic surfactant of asymmetric structure as dispersant for the pigment, and a milling method for making the same are disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 30, 2009
    Date of Patent: December 25, 2012
    Assignee: Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P.
    Inventors: Jayprakash Bhatt, Hichang Yoon, Vladek Kasperchik
  • Patent number: 8226761
    Abstract: A method of modifying a pigment that includes reacting a reactive compound having an X—[Y]n reactive group with a secondary compound N—S—ZM to form a substituted reactive intermediate [Y]a—X—(N—S—ZM)b. A pigment is reacted with the substituted reactive intermediate [Y]a—X—(N—S—ZM)b to attach the substituted reactive intermediate to the surface of the pigment to form a surface modified pigment. X may be a sulfonyl, phosphoryl, or 1,3,5-triazinyl group, Y may be a halogen leaving group, N may be a basic nucleophilic group, S may be an organic group, and ZM may be an ionizable end group. Also, n is an integer between 1 and 3, b is an integer between 1 and 3, and a=n?b. When n is equal to or greater than b, and if b is 2 or 3, each N—S—ZM can be the same or different.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 20, 2012
    Date of Patent: July 24, 2012
    Assignee: Sensient Colors LLC
    Inventors: Puthalath K. Sujeeth, John P. Kane, Daniel A. Ouellette, Mark Ulrich, Vincent Shing, Michael Bogomolny
  • Patent number: 8152915
    Abstract: The invention pertains to a novel, simpler dry-milling method for comminuting crude pigments (especially crude phthalocyanines) for use in publication gravure and packaging inks, wherein the crude pigment is dry-milled at relatively low temperature in combination with a resin and a pigment derivative, preferably further together with an extender and optionally an antioxidant. The invention also pertains to the thus obtained, new compositions, which are extraordinarily easily dispersible in aromatic solvents, and their use for the preparation of publication gravure or packaging inks or ink concentrates. Pigment dispersions obtained from the preferred compositions are also claimed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 25, 2006
    Date of Patent: April 10, 2012
    Assignee: BASF SE
    Inventors: Thomas Healy, Ian Andrew Lambie
  • Patent number: 8147608
    Abstract: A method of producing a modified pigment by sulfonating a pigment and subsequently oxidizing the pigment. The modified pigment may have sulfonic acid and carboxyl surface modifying groups attached to the surface of the pigment. Charge balancing counterions such as alkali metals, alkaline earth metals and NR1R2R3H+, where R1, R2 and R3 are independently H or C1-C5 alkyl groups, may be associated with the surface modifying groups. The modified pigment is combined with water to produce a dispersion that can be used in such applications as coatings, paints, papers, adhesives, latexes, toners, textiles, fibers, plastics and inks.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 8, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 3, 2012
    Assignee: Sensient Colors LLC
    Inventors: Puthalath K. Sujeeth, Mark Ulrich, Gabe Srouji, John P. Kane, Daniel A. Ouellette
  • Patent number: 8123851
    Abstract: A method of finishing an organic pigment by dry-comminuting said pigment in the presence of a sulfonato-functional condensation product of an arylsulfonic acid and at least one aliphatic aldehyde having 1 to 6 C atoms as crystallization modifier, dispersing the resulting mixture of pigment and crystallization modifier in mineral acid, and swelling the pigment in the presence of the crystallization modifier in mineral acid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 30, 2008
    Date of Patent: February 28, 2012
    Assignee: BASF SE
    Inventors: Joachim Jesse, Matthias Klueglein, Richard Van Gelder, Wolfgang Best
  • Patent number: 8118924
    Abstract: A method of modifying a pigment that includes reacting a reactive compound having an X—[Y]n reactive group with a secondary compound N—S—ZM to form a substituted reactive intermediate [Y]a—X—(N—S—ZM)b. A pigment is reacted with the substituted reactive intermediate [Y]a—X—(N—S—ZM)b to attach the substituted reactive intermediate to the surface of the pigment to form a surface modified pigment. X may be a sulfonyl, phosphoryl, or 1,3,5-triazinyl group, Y may be a halogen leaving group, N may be a basic nucleophilic group, S may be an organic group, and ZM may be an ionizable end group. Also, n is an integer between 1 and 3, b is an integer between 1 and 3, and a=n?b. When n is equal to or greater than b, and if b is 2 or 3, each. N—S—ZM can be the same or different.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 17, 2011
    Date of Patent: February 21, 2012
    Assignee: Sensient Colors LLC
    Inventors: Puthalath K. Sujeeth, John P. Kane, Daniel A. Ouellette, Mark Ulrich, Vincent Shing, Michael Bogomolny
  • Publication number: 20110226160
    Abstract: A method of finishing an organic pigment by dry-comminuting said pigment in the presence of a sulfonato-functional condensation product of an arylsulfonic acid and at least one aliphatic aldehyde having 1 to 6 C atoms as crystallization modifier, dispersing the resulting mixture of pigment and crystallization modifier in mineral acid, and swelling the pigment in the presence of the crystallization modifier in mineral acid.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 30, 2008
    Publication date: September 22, 2011
    Applicant: Basf SE
    Inventors: Joachim Jesse, Matthias Klueglein, Richard Van Gelder, Wolfgang Best
  • Patent number: 7999017
    Abstract: A cationic dispersion which includes at least one pigment, water, and at least one quaternary salt of a styrene maleimide imide resin in an amount effective to disperse the organic pigment. A method for preparing the cationic dispersion includes (i) mixing, at 500 to 10,000 rpm, at least one pigment; water; and either (a) at least one a quaternary salt of a styrene maleimide imide resin or (b) at least one styrene maleimide imide resin in combination with at least one weak acid, thereby forming a dispersion premix; (ii) milling the dispersion premix in a mixer filled with ceramic, metal or glass beads for a period of time sufficient to reduce pigment agglomerates to primary particles, thereby forming a non-standardized dispersion; and (iii) standardizing the dispersion against a color standard by adding water. The resulting cationic dispersion exhibits good alkali resistance and lightfastness, and can be used to integrally color concrete and other building materials.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 12, 2010
    Date of Patent: August 16, 2011
    Assignee: Sun Chemical Corporation
    Inventors: Hans Rasmusen, Jorn R. Thorsson, James E. Moore, Charles W. Perry, Joseph LaBazzo, Sr.
  • Patent number: 7993447
    Abstract: A pigment dispersed liquid prepared by heat-treating an aqueous pigment dispersion containing a self-dispersing pigment, but not a dispersing resin.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 1, 2006
    Date of Patent: August 9, 2011
    Assignee: Seiko Epson Corporation
    Inventors: Masaaki Itano, Miharu Kanaya, Chie Saito
  • Patent number: 7964033
    Abstract: A method of modifying a pigment that includes reacting a reactive compound having an X-[Y]n reactive group with a secondary compound N-S-ZM to form a substituted reactive intermediate [Y]a-X-(N-S-ZM)b. A pigment is reacted with the substituted reactive intermediate [Y]a-X-(N-S-ZM)b to attach the substituted reactive intermediate to the surface of the pigment to form a surface modified pigment. X may be a sulfonyl, phosphoryl, or 1,3,5-triazinyl group, Y may be a halogen leaving group, N may be a basic nucleophilic group, S may be an organic group, and ZM may be an ionizable end group. Also, n is an integer between 1 and 3, b is an integer between 1 and 3, and a=n?b. When n is equal to or greater than b, and if b is 2 or 3, each N-S-ZM can be the same or different.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 22, 2008
    Date of Patent: June 21, 2011
    Assignee: Sensient Colors LLC
    Inventors: Puthalath K. Sujeeth, John P. Kane, Daniel A. Ouellette, Mark Ulrich, Vincent Shing, Michael Bogomolny
  • Patent number: 7927416
    Abstract: A method of producing a modified pigment by sulfonating a pigment and subsequently oxidizing the pigment. The modified pigment may have sulfonic acid and carboxyl surface modifying groups attached to the surface of the pigment. Charge balancing counterions such as alkali metals, alkaline earth metals and NR1R2R3H+, where R1, R2 and R3 are independently H or C1-C5 alkyl groups, may be associated with the surface modifying groups. The modified pigment is combined with water to produce a dispersion that can be used in such applications as coatings, paints, papers, adhesives, latexes, toners, textiles, fibers, plastics and inks.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 31, 2007
    Date of Patent: April 19, 2011
    Assignee: Sensient Colors Inc.
    Inventors: Puthalath K. Sujeeth, Mark Ulrich, Gabe Srouji, John P. Kane, Daniel A. Ouellette
  • Patent number: 7914615
    Abstract: A process for continuous flush of a pigment press cake involves applying a dispersant to the press cake to produce a fluidized press cake, continuously feeding the fluidized press cake into a twin screw extruder and mixing it with a neutralizing agent in the extruder, mixing the neutralized press cake with a liquid organic medium in the extruder to produce an organic flush phase and a water phase, and removing at least part of the water phase from the extruder through one or more parts of the extruder.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 1, 2006
    Date of Patent: March 29, 2011
    Assignee: Sun Chemical Corporation
    Inventor: George H. Robertson
  • Patent number: 7905952
    Abstract: The invention pertains to pigment compositions comprising from 70 to 93%, preferably from 81 to 93%, of e copper phthalocyanine, from to 18% of an aminomethyl-substituted phthalocyanine, from 2 to 15% of an ammonium sulfonato phthalocyanine and less than 2% of other phthalocyanine compounds, preferably 5 made by wet-milling a mixture of a copper phthalocyanine and e copper phthalocyanine together with the aminomethyl-substituted phthalocyanine and a milling aid in an organic liquid and adding the ammonium sulfonato phthalocyanine before the milling aid and the organic liquid are separated from the wet-milled mixture.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 28, 2008
    Date of Patent: March 15, 2011
    Assignee: BASF SE
    Inventors: HyeonKook Lee, JangWon Jung, Takashi Deno, Masaki Ohwa
  • Publication number: 20110011307
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method of preparing a modified colored pigment comprising a pigment having attached at least one organic group. The method comprises the step of combining, in any order, a) a solution of an organic colorant in a solvent, b) at least one aromatic amine comprising the organic group, c) at least one diazotizing agent, d) an aqueous medium, e) optionally at least one acid, and f), optionally at least one second solvent, to form the modified colored pigment.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 21, 2010
    Publication date: January 20, 2011
    Inventors: Alexander I. Shakhnovich, Yuan Yu, Friedrich K. von Gottberg
  • Publication number: 20100331460
    Abstract: The present invention provides a method for producing a pigment composition for a printing ink, which involves the step of dry-milling crude copper phthalocyanine using calcium carbonate having a specific property; a pigment composition for a printing ink; and a method for producing a printing ink using the pigment composition. Specifically, the present invention provides a method for producing a pigment composition for a printing ink, which involves the step of dry-milling crude copper phthalocyanine and calcium carbonate having a primary particle diameter of 20 to 1500 nm in the absence of a resin for a printing ink; a pigment composition produced by the method; and a method for producing a printing ink, which includes the steps of heating a mixture of a pigment composition, a resin for a printing ink and a solvent for the printing ink, and wet-milling the heated mixture.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 19, 2008
    Publication date: December 30, 2010
    Applicant: DIC CORPORATION
    Inventors: Yoshiharu Ootoshi, Masayoshi Takahashi, Yuuichi Ayuta
  • Patent number: 7819967
    Abstract: A method of producing a dispersion of organic fine particles having a volume average particle diameter (Mv) of 10 nm to 100 nm, which has the step of: subjecting an organic fine particle dispersion liquid containing a high molecular compound to heating treatment under flowing through a channel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 5, 2008
    Date of Patent: October 26, 2010
    Assignee: Fujifilm Corporation
    Inventors: Hirokazu Kyota, Hideki Maeta
  • Patent number: 7794536
    Abstract: A method is provided for pigment dispersion. The method includes preparing a solution in which the pigment is dissolved in an organic acid, preparing a reaction liquid capable of decreasing the solubility of the pigment in the solution, and mixing the solution and the reaction liquid in the presence of an additive represented by a General Formula (1) below, CmH2m+1(OCH2CH2)nOH??(1) wherein m is an integer higher than 14 and lower than 18, and n is an integer equal to or higher than 15 and equal to or lower than 25.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 20, 2008
    Date of Patent: September 14, 2010
    Assignee: Canon Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Takayuki Teshima, Tetsuo Hino
  • Patent number: 7780780
    Abstract: According to the method of producing organic pigment fine particles of the present invention, when producing organic pigment fine particles by allowing two or more solutions at least one of which is an organic pigment solution in which an organic pigment is dissolved to flow through a microchannel, the organic pigment solution flows through the microchannel in a non-laminar state. Accordingly, the contact area of solutions per unit time can be increased and the length of diffusion mixing can be shortened, and thus instantaneous mixing of solutions becomes possible. As a result, nanometer-scale monodisperse organic pigment fine particles can be produced in a stable manner.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 9, 2006
    Date of Patent: August 24, 2010
    Assignee: FUJIFILM Corporation
    Inventors: Hideharu Nagasawa, Yuki Shimizu
  • Patent number: 7722715
    Abstract: A process for the preparation of pigment compositions which give improved ink flow is provided which comprises treating the pigment, during the pigment synthesis, with a small amount of a long chain aliphatic amine. The pigment compositions obtained can be used for preparing millbase inks which due to their improved flow viscosity (rheology) at high pigmentation can be easily handled as well as flexibly formulated, e.g. a number of final printing inks for different ink applications can be manufactured from a single millbase in a very economical manner. The final inks are preferably used in packaging gravure printing processes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 30, 2005
    Date of Patent: May 25, 2010
    Assignee: Ciba Specialty Chemicals Corporation
    Inventors: Stephen Haggata, Iain Frank Fraser, Stephen John Coughlin
  • Patent number: 7682443
    Abstract: An organic-pigment aqueous dispersion, containing a pigment at a concentration of 6 to 30 mass %, and having a haze of 0.3 to 10%, as determined by enclosing the dispersion in a transparent glass cell of optical distance 0.2 mm and analyzing with integrating-sphere photoelectric photometry; and a colored coating composition using the same.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 11, 2008
    Date of Patent: March 23, 2010
    Assignee: Fujifilm Corporation
    Inventors: Tadahisa Sato, Hideki Maeta, Jun Tanabe, Hirokazu Kyota
  • Patent number: 7658793
    Abstract: The invention relates to a pigment preparation based on at least one inorganic pigment and at least one organic pigment, and to a method for producing one such pigment preparation. Said pigment preparation contains particles wherein fine organic pigment particles are combined with inorganic pigment particles, said particles also being provided with an organic macromolecular coating. The inventive pigment preparation is produced by wet-grinding the inorganic and organic pigments, optionally adding other constituents, in the presence of a surface-active substance in the form of a macromolecular organic compound.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 5, 2004
    Date of Patent: February 9, 2010
    Assignee: Heubach GmbH
    Inventors: Rainer Heubach, Yvonne Brussaard, Hugo Brussaard
  • Patent number: 7628849
    Abstract: Fluorinated bis-(phthalocyanylaluminoxy)silyl bridged cyan or blue-green pigments according to formula (I): wherein R1 and R2 are independently substituted or unsubstituted alkyl, alkenyl, alkynyl, or cycloalkyl groups with eight or less carbon atoms or aryl groups with ten or less carbon atoms; R3 is a divalent linking group comprising oxygen, R1R2Si, substituted or unsubstituted alkyl, alkenyl, alkynyl cycloalkyl or aryl groups; R1, R2, and R3 may comprise the elements of a cyclic ring; n is 1-4; and z is 1-4.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 29, 2008
    Date of Patent: December 8, 2009
    Assignee: Eastman Kodak Company
    Inventors: Donald R. Diehl, Tommie L. Royster, Jr., Andrew J. Hoteling, Steven G. Link
  • Patent number: 7611572
    Abstract: A pixel-forming colorant composition contains at least one green colorant selected from the group consisting of the following pigments (A) and (B) and pigment derivative (C): (A) a copper phthalocyanine green pigment obtained by reacting at least one of a phthalic acid substituted on average with from 3.5 to 4.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 15, 2006
    Date of Patent: November 3, 2009
    Assignee: Dainichiseika Color & Chemicals Mfg. Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Atsushi Nogami, Takami Minami, Shigeru Sakamoto, Hisao Okamoto, Yoshimasa Tsuchiya, Masanori Takakamo, Nakaji Komiyama, Michiei Nakamura
  • Patent number: 7585363
    Abstract: A method for preparing a nanodispersion comprising the steps of: (i) introducing into a milling apparatus a solid fluorinated phthalocycanine pigment according to Formula (I): Wherein M is a metal cation chosen from Groups 1b, 2b, 2a or 3a of the Periodic Table of the Elements; R is fluorine, a perfluoroalkyl or a perfluoroaryl group; z is 1 to 4; L is an anionic ligand; and n is 0 or 1 such that the overall charge on the molecular unit is neutral; followed by milling with agitation the solid fluorinated phthalocyanine in an organic solvent into a suspension of particles so that at least 80 volume % of the particles have a particle size of less than 100 nm.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 29, 2008
    Date of Patent: September 8, 2009
    Assignee: Eastman Kodak Company
    Inventors: Tommie L. Royster, Jr., Marina E. Kondakova, Peter G. Bessey
  • Patent number: 7578880
    Abstract: A method of producing fine particles of metal complex pigment, containing the step of reacting a solution of an alkali metal salt of a ligand that constitutes the metal complex with a solution of salts of a metal that constitutes the metal complex, in the course of a laminar flow in a channel; and a method of producing fine particles of metal complex pigment, containing the step of bringing a solution of an alkali metal salt of a ligand that constitutes the metal complex and a solution of salts of a metal that constitutes the metal complex into contact with each other in a channel having an equivalent diameter of 1 mm or less to form a liquid flow.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 5, 2006
    Date of Patent: August 25, 2009
    Assignee: FUJIFILM CORPORATION
    Inventors: Tadahisa Sato, Jun Tanabe, Hideki Maeta
  • Patent number: 7569106
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for producing an aqueous suspension of pure-phase ?-copper phtalocyanine blue pigment using an agitator ball mill. According to said method: a) in a preparatory step, a phthalocyanine crude blue is suspended by means of a dissolver in an aqueous medium, said aqueous medium containing in particular lipophilic substances, which are similar to binding agents and are compatible with the final application medium and crystalline-phase controlling and/or pigment-surface conditioning compounds; b) said aqueous suspension of the phthalocyanine crude blue is ground in an agitator ball mill to form a suspension of a ?-phtalocyanine blue pigment. The aqueous suspension thus obtained is characterized in that it contains a high-grade ?-phtalocyanine blue pigment for producing a conditioned ?-phtalocyanine blue pigment. The advantage is that said suspension can also be directly converted into a colour concentrate, in particular by means of a flushing and kneading method.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 16, 2005
    Date of Patent: August 4, 2009
    Assignee: Colour Ltd.
    Inventors: Rainer Heubach, Dieter Lieske
  • Patent number: 7550041
    Abstract: The invention pertains to a highly concentrated pigment comprising from 75 to 95% by weight, preferably from 78 to 95% by weight, most preferred from 80 to 95% by weight, based on the weight of the composition, of a pigment; from 0 to 20% by weight, preferably from 5 to 18% by weight, based on the weight of the composition, of a resin; the total of pigment and resin being from 85 to 98% by weight of the composition; and from 1 to 15% by weight, preferably from 2 to 15% by weight, most preferably from 5 to 15% by weight, based on the weight of the composition, of a C10-C18 alcohol, a liquid hydrocarbon having a boiling point higher than 80° C. at 105 Pa, or both a C10-C18 alcohol and a liquid hydrocarbon having a boiling point higher than 80° C. at 105 Pa. Also claimed are a process for its manufacture, comprising dry-milling, blending and kneading the components, and the use of the pigment concentrates for the preparation of a masterbatch, ink, coating, plastic material, toner or colour filter.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 24, 2005
    Date of Patent: June 23, 2009
    Assignee: Ciba Specialty Chemicals Corporation
    Inventors: Thomas Healy, Lynda Cannon, Tracy Murray
  • Patent number: 7503972
    Abstract: Two or more solutions comprising an organic pigment solution in which an organic pigment is dissolved in a good solvent, and a poor solvent compatible with the good solvent, or a solution of the poor solvent are allowed to flow through a microchannel in a non-laminar state; and organic pigment fine particles are deposited from the organic pigment solution in a course of flowing through the microchannel by changing the solubility of the organic pigment solution with the poor solvent or the solution of the poor solvent. As a result, nanometer-scale monodisperse organic pigment fine particles can be produced in a stable manner.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 1, 2007
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2009
    Assignee: FUJIFILM Corporation
    Inventors: Hideharu Nagasawa, Masato Nakao
  • Patent number: 7459017
    Abstract: Disclosed is a composition and process of manufacture of a stir-in form of pigment with increased dispersing and color properties. Pigment is slurried with acetylenic dispersing agents, wet-milled to a particular particle size, and then dried to powder or granulate form. Also disclosed is a process for producing a pigmented paint composition from the stir-in pigment.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 15, 2006
    Date of Patent: December 2, 2008
    Assignee: Sun Chemical Corporation
    Inventors: Mark Ortalano, Darleen Wright, William Burgess, Brian Thompson
  • Patent number: 7459016
    Abstract: A method for the production of a phthalocyanine pigment preparation includes finely distributing a crude phthalocyanine pigment by dry milling, wet milling, salt kneading, acid pasting or acid swelling to give a pre-pigment, the pre-pigment is subjected to a finishing treatment in a mixture of water and an organic solvent at alkaline pH, increased temperature and in the presence of at least one pigment dispersant from the group of phthalocyanine sulphonic acids, phthalocyanine carboxylic acids, phthalocyanine sulphonate salts, phthalocyanine carboxylate salts and phthalocyanine suiphonamides.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 27, 2003
    Date of Patent: December 2, 2008
    Assignee: Clariant Produkte (Deutschland) GmbH
    Inventors: Klaus Brychcy, Joachim Weber, Heidrun Mehler
  • Patent number: 7427322
    Abstract: A method of producing a dispersion of a pigment, comprising: bringing a solution in which an organic pigment is dissolved, and an aqueous medium, into contact with each other in a channel having an equivalent diameter of 1 mm or less, thereby making the pigment into a fine particle thereof, wherein at least one of the solution and the aqueous medium comprises at least one anionic dispersing agent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 13, 2007
    Date of Patent: September 23, 2008
    Assignee: FUJIFILM Corporation
    Inventors: Hideki Maeta, Yuki Shimizu, Tadahisa Sato
  • Patent number: 7404854
    Abstract: A process for warpage-free pigmentation of a plastic pigmented by a phthalocyanine pigment which was heated to not less than 80° C. as a suspension in a organic solvent in the presence of a carboxylic acid containing 2, 3 or 4 carboxyl groups or a salt of such a carboxylic acid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 7, 2004
    Date of Patent: July 29, 2008
    Assignee: Clariant Produkte (Deutschland) GmbH
    Inventors: Matthias Ganschow, Carsten Plueg, Hans Joachim Metz
  • Patent number: 7399354
    Abstract: Dispersible pigment granules are produced by mixing an aqueous suspension of an organic pigment with an aqueous emulsion of a wax-like additive. The aqueous emulsion is then allowed to coagulate and the resulting aqueous dispersion is spray dried.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 27, 2002
    Date of Patent: July 15, 2008
    Assignee: Clariant Produkte (Deutschland) GmbH
    Inventors: Hans Joachim Metz, Andreas Stohr, Heinfred Ohleier
  • Patent number: 7387670
    Abstract: A pigment preparation comprising at least one copper phthalocyanine pigment from the group of C.I. Pigment Blue 15, 15:0, 15:1,15:2, 15:3, 15:4, and 15:6, and at least one pigment dispersant of the formula (I), in which n is a number 1, 2, 3 or 4.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 22, 2005
    Date of Patent: June 17, 2008
    Assignee: Clariant Produkte (Deutschland) GmbH
    Inventors: Joachim Weber, Manfred Opravil, Magali Meder, Hans-Tobias Macholdt
  • Publication number: 20080035026
    Abstract: Phthalocyanine pigments having 0-4 chlorine atoms have a narrow particle-size range with 90% of particles between about 0.01-0.10 ?m, the average particle size of no more than about 0.5 ?m, a D99 of no more than about 0.3 ?m, and a polydispersity of about 2.0 or less. Pigment compositions contain the phthalocyanine pigment and water-based dispersing resin. The pigments and the compositions are compatible with waterborne coating systems, exhibit an excellent metallic down travel, and are especially useful for the automotive painting applications.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 9, 2006
    Publication date: February 14, 2008
    Applicant: Sun Chemical Corporation
    Inventors: Bethany J. Wolf, Brian Thompson, Wengan Wu, Richard K. Faubion
  • Patent number: 7329315
    Abstract: Phthalocyanine blue pigments and pigment dispersions for water-borne inks and coatings are described. The pigments are produced by dry milling phthalocyanine blue and a polymeric dispersant, optionally with inorganic fillers and other additives, to obtain a material with improved coloristic, rheological, and stability properties. The resulting activated crude is then processed directly into water-based pigment dispersion with additives and/or surfactants to facilitate conversion to pigmentary form while maintaining the desirable green and clean shade.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 11, 2006
    Date of Patent: February 12, 2008
    Assignee: Sun Chemical Corporation
    Inventors: Stanislav Vilner, Tatiana N. Romanova, Mark Ortalano, George H. Robertson, Russell J. Schwartz
  • Patent number: 7323046
    Abstract: Phthalocyanine pigments having 0-4 chlorine atoms have a narrow particle-size range with 90% of particles between about 0.01-0.10 ?m, the average particle size of no more than about 0.5 ?m, a D99 of no more than about 0.3 ?m, and a polydispersity of about 2.0 or less. Pigment compositions contain the phthalocyanine pigment and water-based dispersing resin. The pigments and the compositions are compatible with waterborne coating systems, exhibit an excellent metallic down travel, and are especially useful for the automotive painting applications.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 9, 2006
    Date of Patent: January 29, 2008
    Assignee: Sun Chemical Corporation
    Inventors: Bethany J. Wolf, Brian Thompson, Wengan Wu, Richard K. Faubion
  • Patent number: 7309391
    Abstract: An aluminum flake pigment containing aluminum flakes as basic particles, said aluminum flakes having an average particle diameter in the range of 3 to 20 ?m and an average value of minimum diameter/maximum diameter of at least 0.6.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 16, 2004
    Date of Patent: December 18, 2007
    Assignee: Toyo Aluminium Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventor: Keita Nagano
  • Patent number: 7282263
    Abstract: A method of coloring a cellulosic material which includes a) dispersing pulped cellulosic material into water; and b) coloring the pulped cellulosic material by adding a cationic dispersion to the water, where the dispersion includes: (i) at least one pigment; (ii) water; and (iii) at least one acid salt of a styrene maleimide resin in an amount effective to disperse the pigment. The cationic dispersion may be prepared by (i) mixing, at 500 to 10,000 rpm, at least one pigment; water; and either (a) at least one acid salt of a styrene maleimide imide resin or (b) at least one styrene maleimide imide resin in combination with at least one weak acid, thereby forming a dispersion premix; (ii) milling the dispersion premix in a mixer filled with ceramic, metal or glass beads for a period of time sufficient to reduce pigment agglomerates to primary particles, thereby forming a nonstandarized dispersion; and (iii) standardizing the dispersion against a color standard by adding water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 17, 2002
    Date of Patent: October 16, 2007
    Assignee: Sun Chemical Corporation
    Inventors: Hans Rasmusen, Jorn R. Thorsson, James E. Moore, Charles W. Perry, Joseph P. LaBazzo
  • Patent number: 7255734
    Abstract: A copper phthalocyanine pigment preparation contains a copper phthalocyanine pigment and at least one pigment dispersant from the group of copper phthalocyanine sulfonic acids and copper phthalocyanine sulfonic acid salts. The inventive pigment preparation is characterized by a) a maximum dynamic viscosity of 180 mPas and/or a maximum thixotropy of 800 Pa/s, the dynamic viscosity and the thixotropy being determined by a rotary viscometer at a temperature of 23° C. in a pigment dispersion comprising 28 percent by weight of dry copper phthalocyanine pigment preparation, 9 percent by weight of nitrocellulose, 62.3 percent by weight of ethanol, and 0.7 percent by weight of ethyl acetate; and b) a color intensity such that a printing ink consisting of an ethanol/nitrocellulose gravure varnish, containing 75 to 65 percent by weight of ethanol and 9 to 11 percent by weight of nitrocellulose at a ratio of 2 to 7.5, and a maximum amount of dry copper phthalocyanine pigment preparation of 6.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 4, 2003
    Date of Patent: August 14, 2007
    Assignee: Clariant Produkte (Deutschland) GmbH
    Inventors: Klaus Brychcy, Joachim Weber
  • Patent number: 7255733
    Abstract: A process for the production of a ? type copper phthalocyanine pigment, comprising dry-milling a crude copper phthalocyanine having a purity of 97 to 100% and a primary crystal diameter of 0.5 to 100 ?m at a temperature of 180 to 50° C., to prepare an ?/? mixed crystal type copper phthalocyanine having an ? ratio of 5 to 35%, and treating the dry-milled product with a water-miscible organic solvent, wherein 0.1 to 20% by weight of at least one compound selected from the group consisting of a compound of the formula (1), a compound of the formula (2) and a compound of the formula (3) is added to the dry-milled product before, during or after the step (B) MePc—{X—(CH2)kNR1R2}n??(1) MePc—(SO3?N+R5R6R7R8)p.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 18, 2004
    Date of Patent: August 14, 2007
    Assignee: Toyo Ink Mfg. Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Osamu Shiromaru, Yusaku Ide, Toshio Oshiba, Takuya Kotani
  • Patent number: 7198667
    Abstract: Solid pigment preparations containing the following ingredients as substantial components: (A) 60–85 wt. % of at least one organic pigment, (B) 0.1–15 wt.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 28, 2003
    Date of Patent: April 3, 2007
    Assignee: BASF Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Ingo Klopp, Juan Antonio Gonzalez Gomez, Uwe Mauthe, Hansulrich Reisacher, Andreas Stohr
  • Patent number: 7192477
    Abstract: The process for producing highly concentrated nanometer-size fine particles of an organic pigment, which comprises dissolving the organic pigment in an amide solvent, especially an organic solvent comprising at least 50 vol % 1-methyl-2-pyrrodinone, and pouring the resultant organic pigment solution with stirring into a poor solvent which is not compatible with the organic pigment. The pigment may be a quinacridone pigment, phthalocyanine pigment etc. Any atmospheric pressure to a sub-critical and/or supercritical state can be employed as the production conditions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 2, 2003
    Date of Patent: March 20, 2007
    Assignee: Japan Science and Technology Agency
    Inventors: Hachiro Nakanishi, Koich Baba, Hitoshi Kasai, Hidetoshi Oikawa, Shuji Oikawa
  • Patent number: 7160380
    Abstract: A method of producing a fine particle of an organic pigment, containing the steps of: flowing a solution of an organic pigment dissolved in an alkaline or acidic aqueous medium, through a channel which provides a laminar flow; and changing a pH of the solution in the course of the laminar flow.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 21, 2004
    Date of Patent: January 9, 2007
    Assignee: Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Hideki Maeta, Yuki Shimizu, Tadahisa Sato