Recirculation Means Patents (Class 110/204)
  • Patent number: 10976049
    Abstract: A method of operating a furnace having a firing system is disclosed. The method includes providing a solid fuel to a sieve; separating the fuel into a portion and a second portion; providing a first portion of a flue gas to a first fuel dryer comprising a first duct; providing the first portion of fuel to the first duct, and drying the first portion of fuel therein; conveying the first portion of fuel through the first duct to the furnace; burning the first portion of fuel with firing system; conveying the second portion of fuel and a second portion of the flue gas to a second fuel dryer in a lower portion of the furnace, providing the second portion of fuel to a mill; pulverizing the second portion of fuel with the mill; conveying the second portion of fuel to the furnace; and burning the second portion of fuel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 22, 2019
    Date of Patent: April 13, 2021
    Assignee: GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY
    Inventors: Frederic Vitse, Carl D. Edberg, Steven A. Unker
  • Patent number: 10526543
    Abstract: This method for roasting biomass, including the flow by gravity of the biomass from the top towards the bottom of a column (4) with a counter-current of hot gases flowing from the bottom towards the top of the column (4), with the establishment of an increasing temperature gradient from the top towards the bottom of the column (4), the recovery of the gases at the top of the column and their recycling at the bottom of the column (4) by way of a gas circuit (12) so that the gases flow in a closed loop in the column (4) and the gas circuit (12), and the heating of the gases recovered by passing them through a heat exchanger (16) before their recycling at the bottom of the column (4).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 27, 2015
    Date of Patent: January 7, 2020
    Assignee: LMK ENERGY
    Inventors: David Mateos, Florian Castagno
  • Patent number: 10495306
    Abstract: The present invention relates to methods and systems for controlling a combustion reaction and the products thereof. One embodiment includes a combustion control system having an oxygen supply stream and a high concentration carbon dioxide stream, mixing the streams to form an oxygenation stream substantially comprising oxygen and CO2 and having an oxygen to CO2 ratio, then mixing the oxygenation stream with a combustion fuel stream and combusting in a combustor to generate a combustion products stream having a temperature detected by a temperature sensor, the data from which is used to control the flow a carbon dioxide diluent stream to produce a desired temperature of combustion. The system may also include a control system configured to regulate the flow of the oxygen supply stream based on the flow rate and composition of the combustion fuel stream. The system may also include a gas turbine with an expander and having a load and a load controller in a feedback arrangement.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 9, 2017
    Date of Patent: December 3, 2019
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Upstream Research Company
    Inventors: Franklin F. Mittricker, Loren K. Starcher, Chad Rasmussen, Richard A. Huntington, Frank Hershkowitz
  • Patent number: 10144887
    Abstract: A method of gasifying carbonaceous material is described. The method comprises a first step of pyrolyzing and partially gasifying the carbonaceous material to produce volatiles and char. The volatiles and the char are then separated and, subsequently, the char is gasified and the volatiles are reformed. The raw product gas is then finally cleaned with char or char-supported catalysts or other catalysts.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 18, 2015
    Date of Patent: December 4, 2018
    Assignee: CURTIN UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY
    Inventors: Chun-Zhu Li, Hongwei Wu, Mohammad Asadullah, Xiaoshan Wang
  • Patent number: 9806247
    Abstract: A gas turbine arrangement, a power plant having such a gas turbine arrangement and a method for operating the power plant are provided. A compressor may be mechanically coupled to a turbine which can be driven by combustion gases, such as can be generated by combustion of fuel with the compressed combustion air. An exhaust system may be used to discharge the combustion gases. One or more thermoelectric generators may be thermally coupled to the exhaust system for generating electrical energy from residual heat of the combustion gases which pass in the exhaust system. This gas turbine arrangement allows waste heat from the combustion gases to be utilized and thus the overall efficiency of the gas turbine arrangement can be increased and pollutant emissions may be lowered.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 8, 2012
    Date of Patent: October 31, 2017
    Assignee: SIEMENS AKTIENGESELLSCHAFT
    Inventors: Thomas Hammer, Stefan Lampenscherf, Gia Khanh Pham, Andreas Pickard
  • Patent number: 9688932
    Abstract: A pellet cooling device featuring energy-efficient heat recovery in a plant for producing wood pellets or other solid granulates from small pieces of organic material, said plant comprising devices for feeding, processing, drying, compressing, cooling and discharging the material. At least some of said devices are arranged in containers that can be individually transported and can be modularly combined to form at least a substantial portion of the plant.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 26, 2014
    Date of Patent: June 27, 2017
    Assignee: CEBCON Technologies GmbH
    Inventor: Valery Detzel
  • Patent number: 9623456
    Abstract: A modular soil treatment system and apparatus for treating soils contaminated by petroleum hydrocarbons such as gasoline, diesel and heating oil, chlorinated hydrocarbons and volatile organic compounds is disclosed which can be transported to any site and reused.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 3, 2014
    Date of Patent: April 18, 2017
    Assignee: Sanexen Environmental Services, Inc.
    Inventors: Éric Leblanc, Jean-François Larose, Karl Côté, Élaine Lacoste, Sylvain Laberge
  • Patent number: 9017067
    Abstract: A premix burner arrangement for safely oxygen-enriching a premix air-fuel combustion system is disclosed. In the disclosed burner arrangement, a first conduit is arranged and disposed to provide a first gas stream. The first gas stream is a self-reactive or self-flammable premixture comprising air and a combustible gas. At least one second conduit is arranged and disposed to provide a second gas stream circumferentially around the first gas stream. The second gas stream includes oxygen. The premix burner arrangement is configured to combust or react the first stream at a temperature at least 1000° F. greater than the temperature of the second stream. A method and combustion system including the premix burner arrangement are also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 15, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 28, 2015
    Assignee: Air Products and Chemicals, Inc.
    Inventors: Jin Cao, Aleksandar Georgi Slavejkov, Shailesh Pradeep Gangoli, Jeffrey D. Cole
  • Publication number: 20150013300
    Abstract: A boiler system having a series of boilers. Each boiler includes a shell having an upstream end, a downstream end, and a hollow interior. The boilers also have an oxidizer inlet entering the hollow interior adjacent the upstream end of the shell and a fuel nozzle positioned adjacent the upstream end of the shell for introducing fuel into the hollow interior of the shell. Each boiler includes a flue duct connected to the shell adjacent the downstream end for transporting flue gas from the hollow interior. Oxygen is delivered to the oxidizer inlet of the first boiler in the series. Flue gas from the immediately preceding boiler in the series is delivered through the oxidizer inlet of each boiler subsequent to the first boiler in the series.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 3, 2014
    Publication date: January 15, 2015
    Applicant: Washington University
    Inventors: Richard L. Axelbaum, Benjamin M. Kumfer, Fei Xia, Akshay Gopan, Bhupesh Dhungel
  • Publication number: 20140373762
    Abstract: A combined heat exchanger including a flue gas cooler heat-transfer unit supplied with cooling fluid by a supply pump and an upstream GGH heat-transfer unit for circulation of circulating fluid with a downstream GGH by a circulation pump is arranged at an outlet of a gas air heater for heat exchange of flue gas from a boiler body for oxyfuel combustion with recirculation flue gases. A low-low temperature ESP is arranged at an outlet of the combined heat exchanger. A heat-exchange-duty adjustment device is arranged to regulate heats exchanged in the heat-transfer units in the heat exchanger such that at least flue gas temperature at the inlet of the low-low temperature ESP is kept to an inlet set temperature.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 12, 2014
    Publication date: December 25, 2014
    Applicant: IHI Corporation
    Inventor: Terutoshi UCHIDA
  • Patent number: 8876970
    Abstract: In the method according to the invention for producing cement clinker, raw cement meal is preheated in a preheater, the preheated raw cement meal is precalcined in a calciner and the precalcined raw cement meal is burnt in a kiln, fuel and combustion air having an oxygen content of at least 75 mol % being used in the calciner, and the raw cement meal being precalcined in a fluidised bed in the calciner. The exhaust gases occurring in the kiln are delivered to the preheater, bypassing the calciner, and the exhaust gases of the calciner are delivered to a CO2 preparation device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 19, 2009
    Date of Patent: November 4, 2014
    Assignee: Polysius AG
    Inventor: Detlev Kupper
  • Publication number: 20140238281
    Abstract: In an oxyfuel combustion boiler system, nitrogen gas separated by an air separation unit (ASU) is supplied as carrier gas to a pulverizer for drying and pulverization of fuel. A fluid mixture of the nitrogen gas from the pulverizer with pulverized fuel is supplied to a powder separation device where the pulverized fuel is separated. The separated pulverized fuel is mixed with the primary recirculated flue gas and supplied to a burner.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 6, 2014
    Publication date: August 28, 2014
    Applicant: IHI Corporation
    Inventor: Toru ISHII
  • Patent number: 8814561
    Abstract: Stable operation of oxyfuel combustion boiler is ensured and amplification in likelihood of or downsizing of forced draft fan is attained. Upon change of commanded boiler load from start value to target value by target time, a feed amount of oxygen from oxygen producing device is regulated for attainment of oxygen concentration on entry side of the boiler body from reference value to attainment point or target entry-side oxygen concentration within entry-side oxygen concentration regulation range by target time. After attainment to attainment point, control is made to return entry-side oxygen concentration to reference value at return point. Airflow rate of forced draft fan is controlled with change rate smaller than change rate with which air flow rate of forced draft fan reaches target value by target time.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 16, 2013
    Date of Patent: August 26, 2014
    Assignee: IHI Corporation
    Inventors: Tetsuya Hori, Toshihiko Yamada, Yohei Akutsu
  • Publication number: 20140230703
    Abstract: An oxygen fueled integrated pollutant removal and combustion system includes a combustion system and an integrated pollutant removal system. The combustion system includes a furnace having at least one burner that is configured to substantially prevent the introduction of air. An oxygen supply supplies oxygen at a predetermine purity greater than 21 percent and a carbon based fuel supply supplies a carbon based fuel. Oxygen and fuel are fed into the furnace in controlled proportion to each other and combustion is controlled to produce a flame temperature in excess of 3000 degrees F. and a flue gas stream containing CO2 and other gases. The flue gas stream is substantially void of non-fuel borne nitrogen containing combustion produced gaseous compounds.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 2, 2014
    Publication date: August 21, 2014
    Inventors: Brian R. Patrick, Thomas L. Ochs, Cathy A. Summers, Danylo B. Oryshchyn, Paul C. Turner
  • Patent number: 8764438
    Abstract: In the method according to the invention for operating a cement plant, the raw meal is preheated in a preheating zone, the preheated material is precalcined in a calcining zone and the precalcined material is finally sintered in a sintering zone. The cement plant is operated in such a manner that the precalcined material which is supplied to the sintering zone has an SO3 concentration of at least 5.5% by mass and a CaSO4 proportion of at least 75%, preferably 90%, of the total salt content.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 28, 2009
    Date of Patent: July 1, 2014
    Inventors: Detlev Kupper, Dietmar Schulz
  • Publication number: 20140137780
    Abstract: An integrated fuel combustion system with adsorptive gas separation separates a portion of carbon dioxide from a combustion gas mixture and provides for recycle of separated carbon dioxide to the intake of the fuel combustor for combustion. A process for carbon dioxide separation and recycle includes: admitting combustion gas to an adsorptive gas separation system contactor containing adsorbent material; adsorbing a portion of carbon dioxide; recovering a first product gas depleted in carbon dioxide for release or use; desorbing carbon dioxide from the adsorbent material and recovering a desorbed second product gas enriched in carbon dioxide for sequestration or use; admitting a conditioning fluid into the contactor and desorbing a second portion of carbon dioxide to recover a carbon dioxide enriched conditioning stream; and recycling a portion of the carbon dioxide enriched conditioning stream to an inlet of fuel combustor to pass through the fuel combustor for combustion.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 29, 2012
    Publication date: May 22, 2014
    Inventor: Andre Boulet
  • Patent number: 8695514
    Abstract: An air infiltration abatement system (300) for a power plant (10) includes a recirculated flue gas source (175), a recirculated flue gas supply line (310) connected to the recirculated flue gas source (175) and a power plant component. The power plant component has a leakage area in fluid communication with the recirculated flue gas supply line (310). The recirculated flue gas source (175) receives a combustion flue gas (75) from an oxygen fired boiler (20) of the power plant (10), and provides the combustion flue gas (75) to the recirculated flue gas supply line (310). The recirculated flue gas supply line (310) supplies the combustion flue gas (75) as a recirculated flue gas (330) to the oxygen fired boiler (20) via the leakage area of the power plant component.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 14, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 15, 2014
    Assignee: Alstom Technology Ltd.
    Inventors: Glen D. Jukkola, Gregory N. Liljedahl, Nsakala Ya Nsakala, Mark Palkes
  • Patent number: 8689710
    Abstract: A precombustor having a chamber having a first end and a second end, and an inlet configured to deliver a substantially parallel flow of solid fuel surrounded by oxygen at the first end. The first end further includes a recirculation step and the second end fluidly communicates with a furnace. The inlet and the recirculation step are arranged to form a recirculation zone of at least a portion of the solid fuel and the oxygen. A combustion system and method for operating a combustion system are also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 26, 2008
    Date of Patent: April 8, 2014
    Assignee: Air Products and Chemicals, Inc.
    Inventors: Aleksandar Georgi Slavejkov, Xiaoyi He, Mark Daniel D'Agostini, Reed Jacob Hendershot
  • Publication number: 20140080073
    Abstract: A combustion system for operational connection to an energy conversion system and a method of providing thermal energy to the energy conversion system. The system comprises a combustor to be oxy-fired at above atmospheric pressure, using solid, liquid or gaseous fuels, with a supply of oxygen and supercritical carbon dioxide. The combustion gases from the combustor are delivered to a heat exchanger which interfaces with the energy conversion system. Temperatures in the combustor, and the delivery temperature to the heat exchanger, are controlled by selective recirculation of at least part of the combustion gases to the combustor, and by modulating the supply of oxygen and fuel to the combustor. Any combustion gases which are not recirculated are processed to separate carbon dioxide for use or sequestration. The system and method substantially eliminate emissions of carbon dioxide, while providing a highly efficient supply of thermal energy to the energy conversion system.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 24, 2011
    Publication date: March 20, 2014
    Inventors: Kourosh Etemadi Zanganeh, William John Pearson, Milenka Mitrovic, Ahmed Shafeen
  • Publication number: 20140076214
    Abstract: A plant for the treatment of materials, in particular waste materials and refuse, comprises a combustion reactor to which the material to be treated can be supplied. The combustion reactor has an input for a combustion supporter comprising oxygen and an output for the gases that are produced during the combustion of the materials inside the reactor and, in use, is substantially isothermic or quasi-isothermic at high or very high temperature, and without substantial oxygen deficit, in all of its parts. A portion of the combustion gases is recirculated and mixed with the combustion supporter to bring about a high degree of opacification thereof, which is increased by increasing the total pressure of the combustion chamber. The substances which cannot be gasified inside the reactor are immediately fused. The parameters of the gases at the output from the reactor are constantly measured by sensors with response-time characteristics of about 2 seconds.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 14, 2013
    Publication date: March 20, 2014
    Inventors: Massimo MALAVASI, Edoardo Rossetti
  • Publication number: 20140065559
    Abstract: A pressurized oxy-combustion circulating fluidized bed power plant having a circulating fluidized bed boiler is provided. A combustion chamber of the boiler is in fluid communication with a separator and configured so that solids produced during combustion enter the separator. The power plant further includes an air separation unit that is in fluid communication with the combustion chamber. The air separation unit is configured to supply substantially pure oxygen to the combustion chamber at a pressure greater than 1 bar. An external heat exchanger is in fluid communication with the separator and in fluid communication with the combustion chamber. The external heat exchanger is configured so that a portion of the solids received in the separator pass through the external heat exchanger and transfer heat to a working fluid, after which the solids are returned to the combustion chamber to moderate or control the temperature in the combustion chamber.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 6, 2012
    Publication date: March 6, 2014
    Applicant: ALSTOM Technology Ltd.
    Inventor: Glen D. Jukkola
  • Patent number: 8647430
    Abstract: The invention relates to a process for manufacturing cement clinker in a plant having a cyclone preheater, a precalcination reactor, a rotary furnace and a clinker cooler. In the process, the flue gases from the furnace are conducted to the precalcination reactor, or even to the cyclone preheater. According to the invention, the precalcination reactor is fed with an oxygen-rich gas, the nitrogen content of which is less than 30%, constituting the sole oxygen source for said reactor, and a portion leaving the cyclone preheater is recycled into the plant so as to obtain a suitable flux necessary for suspending matter in said preheater, while the other portion, rich in carbon dioxide, is adapted for the purpose of a treatment for limiting the amount of carbon dioxide discharged into the atmosphere, such as particularly sequestration.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 17, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 11, 2014
    Assignee: Fives FCB
    Inventors: Alain Cordonnier, Sébastien Devroe
  • Publication number: 20130340658
    Abstract: An exhaust gas recycling control system includes a combination device, having inlet and exhaust ends. The exhaust end is connected to the inlet end by a recycling tube which has a control valve to control an open or closed state. An oxygen sensor mounted detects oxygen content in an exhaust gas and convert the oxygen content detected signal into a voltage signal sent to a controller. The controller controls the control valve to open or close. When the oxygen content of the exhaust gas is higher than a threshold, the control valve opens and a high oxygen content of exhaust gas flows through the recycling tube to the inlet end.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 10, 2012
    Publication date: December 26, 2013
    Applicant: SHENG ZHUN ENTERPRISE CO., LTD.
    Inventor: Chiu-Huei LIAO
  • Patent number: 8601960
    Abstract: In an apparatus of controlling an exhaust gas in an oxyfuel combustion boiler having the boiler 4 provided with burners 6 and a two-stage combustion port 7, a primary recirculation line 12 through which pulverized coal obtained by a mill 3 is fed to the burners 6 of the boiler 4 by the primary recirculating exhaust gas, a secondary recirculation line 14 through which another portion of the exhaust gas in recirculation is fed to a wind box 5 of the boiler 4, an oxygen producer 23, a direct supply line 25 through which a portion of oxygen produced by the oxygen producer 23 is directly fed to the burner 6 and a secondary oxygen mixing line 24 through which another portion of oxygen produced by the oxygen producer 23 is fed to the secondary recirculation line 14, the apparatus comprises an oxygen supply line 26 through which oxygen is fed to the two-stage combustion port of the boiler 4 and a flow rate regulator 20, 27 in the oxygen supply line for adjusting oxygen density.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 6, 2008
    Date of Patent: December 10, 2013
    Assignees: IHI Corporation, Electric Power Development Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Shuuhei Terushita, Toshihiko Yamada, Shuzo Watanabe, Terutoshi Uchida
  • Patent number: 8590463
    Abstract: A system for drying solid fuels prior to injection and burning in solid fuel boilers is described. High moisture content solid fuels such as bark, sludge, wet coal, are preferably dried to some degree before they can burn. The present invention incorporates a delivery chute in which combustion gases dry the solid fuel before it reaches the combustion chamber of the boiler. In one embodiment, the combustion gases are drawn through the delivery chute to remove moisture from the incoming fuel and then the gases flow back into the boiler. A second embodiment directly exposes the wet fuel to the combustion in the boiler for a sufficient time to remove a substantial amount of moisture before the fuel is spread onto the solid fuel combustion region.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 22, 2009
    Date of Patent: November 26, 2013
    Inventors: Daniel Richard Higgins, Eugene Sullivan
  • Patent number: 8578868
    Abstract: An oxyfuel combustion boiler plant comprising: an air separation unit for manufacturing oxygen by separating nitrogen from air, a boiler having a burner for burning the oxygen supplied from the air separation unit and pulverized coal, and a primary system pipe for supplying the pulverized coal to the burner, an exhaust gas recirculation system pipe for supplying combustion exhaust gas discharged from the boiler to the primary system pipe, and a carbon dioxide capture unit for capturing carbon dioxide in the exhaust gas discharged from the boiler, the oxyfuel combustion boiler plant is further comprising: an oxygen supply pipe for supplying the oxygen manufactured by the air separation unit to the primary system pipe in the burner, and a pipe for supplying the combustion exhaust gas discharged from the boiler to the oxygen supply pipe, wherein an injection port of the oxygen supply pipe is disposed on an upstream side of an injection portion of the burner.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 29, 2010
    Date of Patent: November 12, 2013
    Assignee: Hitachi, Ltd.
    Inventors: Masayuki Taniguchi, Tsuyoshi Shibata, Yoshiharu Hayashi
  • Publication number: 20130276723
    Abstract: A ground supported single drum power boiler is described combining a refractory lined and insulated V-Cell floor; refractory lined and insulated combustion chamber; integrated fuel chutes configured to pre-dry wet solid fuel; top mounted fuel bin; internal chamber walls; configurable combustion air systems; and a back pass with after-burner ports and cross flow superheaters. The boiler can be configured in pre-assembled modules to minimize the field construction time and cost. An alternative embodiment is adaptable as a gasifier.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 27, 2013
    Publication date: October 24, 2013
    Inventors: Daniel R. Higgins, Eugene Sullivan
  • Patent number: 8555796
    Abstract: An oxy/fuel combustion system having a furnace arranged and disposed to combust a fuel to form a combustion fluid. The system further includes a convective section having at least one heat exchanger arranged and disposed to exchange heat between the combustion fluid and steam for use in a steam turbine. A flue gas recycle is arranged and disposed to recycle at least a portion of the combustion fluid as a recycled flue gas, the flue gas recycle having at least two expellant locations downstream of a primary combustion zone. The system includes a flow control mechanism that provides controlled amounts of the recycled flue gas to the at least two expellant locations to control temperature of the steam.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 26, 2008
    Date of Patent: October 15, 2013
    Assignee: Air Products and Chemicals, Inc.
    Inventor: Mark Daniel D'Agostini
  • Patent number: 8550017
    Abstract: Provided are a method and an apparatus of controlling exhaust gas in an oxyfuel combustion boiler which can attain stable combustion of the boiler while an amount of unburned combustibles and a NOx density in exhaust gas are maintained in their allowable ranges. A rate of supply of directly supplied oxygen to burners 6 to a total amount of oxygen produced by an air separation unit 18 is regulated in an operating range where the NOx density in the exhaust gas is below a NOx limit value and the amount of unburned combustibles in the exhaust gas is blow an unburned combustible limit value to thereby attain stable combustion of the oxyfuel combustion boiler.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 6, 2008
    Date of Patent: October 8, 2013
    Assignees: IHI Corporation, Electric Power Development Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Shuuhei Terushita, Toshihiko Yamada, Shuzo Watanabe, Terutoshi Uchida
  • Patent number: 8550016
    Abstract: Provided are a method and an apparatus of controlling a flow rate of a primary recirculating exhaust gas in an oxyfuel combustion boiler, capable of realizing a stable combustion by a burner in oxyfuel combustion. Weight ratio of flow rate of primary recirculating exhaust gas [ton/h] to amount of pulverized coal from a mill [ton/h] is defined as G/C, and the flow rate of primary recirculating exhaust gas is controlled so that the G/C falls within a given range.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 6, 2008
    Date of Patent: October 8, 2013
    Assignees: IHI Corporation, Electric Power Development Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Shuuhei Terushita, Toshihiko Yamada, Shuzo Watanabe, Terutoshi Uchida
  • Publication number: 20130255550
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for treatment of unburnts in a flue stream 9 of a chemical looping combustion system. Unburnts present in the flue stream 9 are treated after CO2 is removed from the flue stream in a gas processing unit 13. As shown in FIG. 2, oxidation of the unburnts occurs primarily in an air reactor 2 in the presence of air 1, allowing the system to maintain CO2 capture effectiveness and removing the need for creation of enriched or pure oxygen 11.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 30, 2012
    Publication date: October 3, 2013
    Applicant: Alstom Power, Inc.
    Inventors: Marc Ajhar, Jörgen Grubbstrom
  • Patent number: 8534236
    Abstract: An oxyfuel combustion boiler plant comprising: a boiler having an air separation unit for manufacturing oxygen by separating nitrogen from air, a burner for burning the oxygen supplied from the air separation unit and pulverized coal, and a primary system pipe for supplying the pulverized coal to the burner, exhaust gas recirculation system pipe for supplying combustion exhaust gas discharged from the boiler to the primary system pipe, a carbon dioxide capture unit for capturing carbon dioxide in the exhaust gas discharged from the boiler, the oxyfuel combustion boiler plant is further comprising: an oxygen buffer tank disposed on a downstream side of the air separation unit; an oxygen supply pipe for supplying oxygen to the primary system pipe of the burner from the oxygen buffer tank; and a nitrogen supply pipe for supplying a part of nitrogen generated from the air separation unit or an air supply pipe for supplying air from outside which is connected to the oxygen supply pipe on a downstream side of the
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 29, 2010
    Date of Patent: September 17, 2013
    Assignee: Hitachi, Ltd.
    Inventors: Masayuki Taniguchi, Tsuyoshi Shibata, Yoshiharu Hayashi
  • Publication number: 20130213378
    Abstract: A burner system for a furnace. The system may have a wedged or other shaped burner box. An air-fuel mixer may be attached to a smaller end of the burner box at about a right angle relative to a direction of a gas and air mixture leaving the larger box end. A burner head may be attached to the larger end of the box. The burner head may be sufficient for numerous heater sections of a heat exchanger. A spacer and an orifice shield may be situated between the burner head and heat exchanger. A fan may pull in the gas and air mixture from the mixer, through the box and the burner head. The mixture may be ignited into a flame which is pulled into the heat exchanger. Some of the flue gas from the exchanger exhaust may be recirculated by being added with air to the mixer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 17, 2012
    Publication date: August 22, 2013
    Applicant: Honeywell International Inc.
    Inventor: Michael William Schultz
  • Patent number: 8511258
    Abstract: Disclosed is a coal boiler that makes it possible to reduce the height of the boiler and shorten the period of construction. The coal boiler includes a first furnace in which a combustion gas generated by burning coal and air ascends; a second furnace in which the combustion gas supplied from the first furnace flows downward; and a heat recovery area in which the combustion gas supplied from the second furnace flows upward.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 24, 2008
    Date of Patent: August 20, 2013
    Assignee: Hitachi, Ltd.
    Inventors: Kenji Yamamoto, Masato Handa, Teruyuki Okazaki, Kazumi Yasuda, Osamu Ito
  • Patent number: 8490556
    Abstract: Provided are fuel feed means 3, an air separation unit 6 air feed means 7, a combustion furnace 11 with a burner 9 for combustion, an exhaust gas line 14 for leading an exhaust gas from the combustion furnace 11 to outside of the combustion furnace 11, exhaust gas treatment means 20a and 20b included in the exhaust gas line 14, and a recirculation line 15 for circulating a portion of the exhaust gas at least exhaust gas treatment means 20a and 20b for recirculation of a portion of the exhaust gas at least dust-removed by the exhaust gas treatment means 20a and 20b to the burner. Further provided are exhaust gas capture means 18 for taking out carbon dioxide gas from a remaining non-recirculating exhaust gas, and carbon dioxide gas feed means 33, 40 and 46 for introducing carbon dioxide gas to equipments 10, 20a and 20b of the oxyfuel combustion boiler facility.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 6, 2008
    Date of Patent: July 23, 2013
    Assignees: IHI Corporation, Electric Power Development Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Toshihiko Yamada, Terutoshi Uchida, Shinji Watanabe, Shuzo Watanabe
  • Publication number: 20130139810
    Abstract: The oxygen transport reactor-based oven is an oven for heating articles, such as bread, using oxygen transport reactor-based combustion in order to recycle carbon dioxide, rather than releasing the carbon dioxide into the environment. The oven includes an upper furnace chamber having a plurality of oxygen transport reactors disposed therein. A mixture of fuel and gaseous carbon dioxide is delivered to the interior of each oxygen transport reactor. Pressurized air is then delivered to the upper furnace chamber, so that oxygen from the pressurized air is driven through an ion transport membrane of each oxygen transport reactor to combust with the fuel. This combustion produces carbon dioxide, water vapor and heat. The generated heat is used to heat the articles to be heated, which are received within a heating chamber positioned beneath the upper furnace chamber.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 6, 2011
    Publication date: June 6, 2013
    Applicant: KING FAHD UNIVERSITY OF PETROLEUM AND MINERALS
    Inventors: MOHAMED ABDEL-AZIZ HABIB, ESMAIL M.A. MOKHEIMER
  • Patent number: 8454349
    Abstract: An improved burner and a method for combusting fuel used in furnaces such as those found in steam cracking. The burner includes a burner tube having a downstream end and an upstream end, a burner tip adjacent a first opening in the furnace, so that combustion of the fuel takes place at the burner tip, a lighting chamber adjacent to the first opening in the furnace, and a removable lighting chamber plug having a shape effective to substantially fill the lighting chamber when positioned within the lighting chamber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 8, 2008
    Date of Patent: June 4, 2013
    Assignee: ExxonMobile Chemical Patents Inc.
    Inventors: George Stephens, David B. Spicer
  • Publication number: 20130089822
    Abstract: The invention refers to the method for the utilization of low-concentration mixtures of a combustible gas and air with the stable recovery of heat and the flow-reversal device for the embodiment of the method.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 8, 2011
    Publication date: April 11, 2013
    Applicants: KATALIZATOR Sp. z.o.o., INSTYTUT INZYNIERII CHEMICZNEJ POLSKIEJ AKADEMII NAUK
    Inventors: Krzysztof Gosiewski, Manfred Jaschik, Anna Pawlaczyk, Krzysztof Warmuzinski, Marek Tanczyk, Krzysztof Gielzak, Artur Wojdyla, Tadeusz Machej, Leszek Michalski
  • Patent number: 8398730
    Abstract: A method of producing substitute natural gas (SNG) includes providing a gasification reactor having a cavity defined at least partially by a first wall. The reactor also includes a first passage defined at least partially by at least a portion of the first wall and a second wall, wherein the first passage is in heat transfer communication with the first wall. The reactor further includes a second passage defined at least partially by at least a portion of the second wall and a third wall. The method also includes coupling the cavity in flow communication with the first and second passages. The method further includes producing a first synthetic gas (syngas) stream within the cavity. The method also includes channeling at least a portion of the first syngas stream to the first and second passages.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 23, 2008
    Date of Patent: March 19, 2013
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Paul Steven Wallace, Arnaldo Frydman
  • Patent number: 8393065
    Abstract: A method for retrofitting a pulverized coal boiler in an air combustion boiler system is disclosed, which has a plurality of burners over a plurality of stages along the vertical direction on a wall surface of a furnace of the pulverized coal boiler and an after-air port for introducing air for two-stage combustion located above the burners to retrofit into a two-stage combustion pulverized coal boiler in an oxyfuel combustion boiler system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 20, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 12, 2013
    Assignee: Hitachi, Ltd.
    Inventors: Tetsuma Tatsumi, Masayuki Taniguchi, Tsuyoshi Shibata, Yoshiharu Hayashi
  • Patent number: 8336537
    Abstract: A center burn technology for a stove or dryer for the burning of solid, loose or compressed fuels, or mixtures of fuels. The stove uses a center burn draft and combustion through the combustion material. The preferred embodiment of this stove consists of at least two bins, an outer exhaust bin and inner combustion bin. A vertically placed air core combustion tube is resting within a stabilizing support collar at the top and at the bottom the tube rests inside of a tapered apparatus. The smaller opening at the bottom of the tapered apparatus provides return gas venting and easy ash drop system to ash bin or pan below. Exhaust drafts through vents between said bins at the upper portion of the inner combustion bin. The stove provides a long efficient burn with a steady combustion temperature. The stove does not require the use of electricity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 7, 2008
    Date of Patent: December 25, 2012
    Inventor: John Milton Peters, Jr.
  • Patent number: 8308477
    Abstract: An apparatus and process is provided for combining fuel and combustion air to produce a mixture. The mixture is burned in a combustion chamber to produce a flame.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 28, 2007
    Date of Patent: November 13, 2012
    Assignee: Honeywell International Inc.
    Inventors: Douglas M. Perry, Jeffrey T. Rafter
  • Publication number: 20120270162
    Abstract: A combustion control system, including a first set of sensors for generating sample data including data representing a sequence of detected images of different samples of a fuel made up of solid particles; a fuel analysis module for controlling a processor of a computing device to: (i) determine attributes for one or more predetermined physical characteristics of the particles in each said sample based on the sample data, and (ii) generate an index value for each said sample based on said attributes, said index value representing a level of combustibility of the particles in each said sample; and a combustion control module for controlling a processor of a computing device to adjust one or more parameters for controlling a combustion process based on changes to said index value over time.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 21, 2010
    Publication date: October 25, 2012
    Applicant: KAILASH & STEFAN PTY LTD
    Inventors: Fredrick Stefan Jarl Dahlhielm, Kailash Nath Sriram
  • Patent number: 8220400
    Abstract: A method for extracting energy from biomass depleted of at least some carbohydrate, at least some oil, or both by a) introducing the biomass into a vertically elongated combustion chamber having i) at least one suspension burner at the top of the combustion chamber which is capable of projecting a flame down the axis of the combustion chamber, ii) a heat transfer apparatus having at least a portion of a heat collection surface located radially from the flame and below the burner, and iii) an exhaust opening located below the flame and below at least a portion of the heat collection surface; b) combusting the biomass to yield a mixture containing hot flue gas and molten ash above the exhaust opening; c) transferring heat from the hot flue gas to at least a portion of the heat collection surface substantially by radiation prior to any substantial contact of ash to a surface of the combustion chamber, to yield a mixture containing warm flue gas and non-molten ash and having a lower molten ash content than the mi
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 15, 2008
    Date of Patent: July 17, 2012
    Assignee: European Sugar Holdings S.A.R.L.
    Inventors: Raymond C. Ganga, Greg Imig, Blake McBurney, Robert Jansen, John Kerr, Steven J. Reust
  • Publication number: 20120174838
    Abstract: A burner for a combustion apparatus, a combustion apparatus comprising such burners, and a method of operation of the same are described. The burner comprises: a fuel input conduit for supplying fuel to the burner; a combustion gas input conduit for supplying combustion gas to a first stage combustion site; an overfire gas input conduit for supplying overfire gas to a second stage combustion site; and gas supply means; wherein the gas supply means is adapted to supply gas switchably between a first mode of operation wherein air is supplied in suitable proportion to both the combustion gas input conduit and the overfire gas input conduit; and a second mode of operation wherein an oxygen containing gas other than air is supplied to the combustion gas input conduit and substantially no gas is supplied to the overfire gas input conduit.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 23, 2010
    Publication date: July 12, 2012
    Applicant: DOOSAN POWER SYSTEMS LIMITED
    Inventors: Stuart D. Cameron, Euan D Cameron
  • Patent number: 8216345
    Abstract: A gasification system is disclosed having a combustion or reaction vessel, a scrubber housing, and a filter housing. A carbonaceous fuel is partially combusted in the reaction vessel to generate a combustible gas. An improved ash support and removal system reduces clogging and other problems in the reaction vessel. The combustible gas passes through the scrubber housing to remove matter such as tar and oil, and the scrubbed gas passes through a hybrid blower to the filter housing. Wood chips are used in the filter housing to provide a relatively clean, dry gas. Wastewater and other waste products from the scrubber housing and filter housing are captured and returned to the reaction vessel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 10, 2008
    Date of Patent: July 10, 2012
    Assignee: Verde Reformation, Inc.
    Inventors: Jackie W. Rogers, Michael W. Rogers
  • Publication number: 20120040295
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for producing very pure carbon dioxide containing gas and thermal energy and the use of such apparatus and method are described. The production apparatus (PA) includes at least one catalytic combustion unit (2) with at least one catalytic burner (NCB) for catalytic combustion of fuel, for burning the fuel efficiently at a temperature of 350 to 850° C. in a retention time of 0.01 to 0.1 s, and at least one heat exchanger (RHE, THE) for at least partial transfer of heat from the gas (CO2G) formed in the combustion to the combustion air (AIR) and the fuel (PG) to be supplied into the catalytic burner (NCB). The production apparatus (PA) also includes at least one catalytic after burner (ACB) for at least partial after purification of the gas (CO2G) formed in the combustion.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 7, 2010
    Publication date: February 16, 2012
    Applicant: FORMIA EMISSIONS CONTROL OY
    Inventor: Reijo Lylykangas
  • Patent number: 8083517
    Abstract: A method of firing a burner into a furnace process chamber supplies the burner with fuel and combustion air at a ratio that provides a level of excess air. The method includes the steps of reducing the flow rate of combustion air, and maintaining the level of excess air when the flow rate of combustion air is being reduced. Other steps include withdrawing exhaust gas from the process chamber, and supplying the burner with the exhaust gas at an increasing flow rate when the flow rate of combustion air is being reduced.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 5, 2008
    Date of Patent: December 27, 2011
    Assignee: Fives North American Combustion, Inc.
    Inventors: John N. Newby, Thomas F. Robertson, John J. Nowakowski
  • Publication number: 20110265698
    Abstract: A system for generating steam supplies of coal another material to one or more processing chambers. Each processing chamber includes a plasma arc torch that heats the material in the presence of water and a treatment gas at an extremely high temperature. A product gas stream is delivered from each processing chamber to a heat recovery steam generator (HRSG). Each HRSG generates steam that is used to drive a steam turbine. The processing chambers and HRSGs are fluidly connected so that the product gas streams moves from a processing chamber, to a HRSG, to another processing chamber, and then to another HRSG, etc. Within any of the HRSGs, or after the final HRSG, water in the product gas may condense to liquid water that may be redirected to any of the processing chambers. In addition, CO2 from the final HRSG may be redirected into any of the processing chambers to facilitate further reactions in the chambers.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 3, 2011
    Publication date: November 3, 2011
    Applicant: POWERDYNE, INC.
    Inventors: Geoffrey HIRSON, Gus F. SHOUSE
  • Patent number: 7975628
    Abstract: The combustion system for implementing the process has a combustion grate, hoppers below the combustion grate for supplying primary combustion gas through the grate and nozzles that lead into the furnace above the combustion grate to supply secondary combustion gas. At least one extraction duct for flue gas is provided at the rear end of the furnace above the combustion grate. This duct is connected to the suction side of a fan. The pressure side is connected to nozzles arranged in the upper area of the flue gas pass. The nozzle height allows the flue gases a residence time of at least 1 second after secondary gas is supplied.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 16, 2007
    Date of Patent: July 12, 2011
    Assignees: Martin GmbH für Umwelt- und Energietechnik, Covanta Energy Corporation
    Inventors: Johannes Martin, Joachim Horn, Oliver Gohlke