With Air Preheater Patents (Class 110/254)
  • Patent number: 10767877
    Abstract: A ventilation unit for decentralised room ventilation systems, in which unit at least one reversible fan and a heat reservoir element are supplemented by an electrostatic precipitator for air purification. In addition, a filter assembly is provided for a ventilation system, in particular for a decentralised room ventilation system, having an air duct with an electrostatic precipitator through which an air stream to be purified is forced, with the precipitator extending over a predetermined section of the air duct. The filter assembly has, in the predetermined electrostatic-precipitator section of the air duct, at least one heat reservoir element impinged by the air stream, the electrostatic precipitator and the heat reservoir element thus being spatially restricted relative to one another.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 14, 2017
    Date of Patent: September 8, 2020
    Inventor: Oliver Schmitz
  • Patent number: 10465133
    Abstract: A downdraft gasifier that utilizes a plurality of vertically positioned tubes to create a pyrolysis zone, an oxidation zone beneath the pyrolysis zone and a reduction zone beneath the oxidation zone. The shape of the tubes eliminates the need for a restriction (hearth), which limits the maximum achievable throughput. A rotating and vertically adjustable grate is located beneath, but not attached to, the reduction zone of the gasifier.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 27, 2016
    Date of Patent: November 5, 2019
    Assignee: Aries Gasification, LLC
    Inventors: Deon John Potgieter, Billy Freeman Hopper, Jeffrey Scott Brown, Mark Oliver Loftin
  • Patent number: 9885478
    Abstract: The present invention provides a method of generating combustible gas from organic feedstock, such as the organic components of municipal waste, and a reactor therefor. The feedstock is processed through a plurality of reaction zones within the reactor, wherein the environment of each of the zones facilitates physical or chemical reactions that work to transform the organic feedstock into one or more combustible gases that can be burned for energy production.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 27, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 6, 2018
    Assignee: Recycling Solutions Technology, LLC
    Inventors: David F. May, John Burke, Jr., David F. May, II, Paul E. Aiken
  • Patent number: 9670884
    Abstract: A coolant control valve that selectively supplies an EGR cooler with coolant may include a cylinder head having a first water jacket and a second water jacket, an EGR cooler that is disposed at one side of the cylinder head and is disposed on an EGR line that recirculates exhaust gas from an exhaust side to an intake side, a heater that is disposed at another side of the cylinder head and heats air through coolant that is supplied to the heater, and a coolant control valve that respectively controls coolant that is supplied from the first water jacket and the second water jacket, supplies the heater with the coolant, and selectively supplies the EGR cooler with the coolant depending on a temperature of the coolant.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 12, 2014
    Date of Patent: June 6, 2017
    Assignees: Hyundai Motor Company, Kia Motors Corporation
    Inventors: Yoonghwa Park, Jongho Lee, Jeonjin Park
  • Publication number: 20150121870
    Abstract: Systems and processes provide for a thermal process to transform sludge (and a variety of other natural waste materials) into electricity. Dewatered sludge and other materials containing a high amount of latent energy are dried into a powdered biofuel using a drying gas produced in the system. The drying gas is recirculated and is heated by the biofuel produced in the system, waste heat (from turbines or internal combustion engines), gas (including natural gas or digester gas) and/or oil. The biofuel is combusted in a boiler system that utilizes a burner operable to burn biofuel and produce heat utilized in a series of heat exchangers that heat the recirculating drying air and steam that powers the turbines for electricity production.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 7, 2013
    Publication date: May 7, 2015
    Applicant: GATE 5 ENERGY PARTNERS, INC.
    Inventors: Steven DELSON, Lawrence E. DEES, JR.
  • Publication number: 20140338575
    Abstract: [Problem] To provide a waste gasification and melting furnace that promotes the drying and pyrolytic decomposition of waste in the shaft section, making it possible to limit the conveyance of moisture and volatile components to the bottom of the blast furnace and to reduce the consumption of extra coke.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 27, 2012
    Publication date: November 20, 2014
    Inventors: Atsushi Kobayashi, Yoshihiro Ishida, Hirohisa Kajiyama, Junichi Takada, Nobuhiro Tanigaki, Ryoh Makishi, Shoh Hirakura, Yasuka Fujinaga
  • Publication number: 20140144356
    Abstract: Systems and processes for processing sludge and other natural waste are provided. In one example, the sludge or natural waste may be dried into a powder using high-temperature gas to absorb moisture from the sludge, causing the high-temperature gas to become an at least partially saturated gas. The at least partially saturated gas may pass through a scrubber before being heated in an air-heater and used in the moisture absorption process. The heat for the air-heater may be provided by a burner operable to burn the dried powder obtained from the sludge. The heated gas may be used to pre-heat the saturated gas and may be used to dry additional sludge.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 15, 2011
    Publication date: May 29, 2014
    Applicant: Gate 5 Energy Partners, Inc.
    Inventors: David W. Potter, Patrick Potter, John J. Potter, Steven Delson, Lynn G. Holton
  • Patent number: 8627775
    Abstract: A burner apparatus (10) for a process heating system (400) includes a combustion air damper (48) to control the volume of air in the combustion chamber (98). Top (15), bottom (17), and sidewalls (14) of the chamber are of steel without refractory material lining while a fuel door (178) is steel with refractory material lining (186). A flue gas damper (34) selectively allows or disallows flue gas out of the chamber. A cooling jacket (18) of a steel sheeting surrounds and is narrowly spaced from the combustion chamber top, bottom, and sidewalls. The cooling jacket conducts air, transfers heat from the combustion chamber top, bottom, and sidewalls to thereby prevent overheating, and generates heated air. A turbulation device (38) combines flue gas and heated air into a turbulent air-gas mixture, completes combustion, and outputs a heated gas stream.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 2, 2010
    Date of Patent: January 14, 2014
    Inventor: David L. Wilson
  • Publication number: 20140000236
    Abstract: A combustor of the type used for producing energy using biomass as fuel, wherein the combustor comprises at least one cyclonic and refractory combustion chamber, said combustion chamber being of a compact size, said combustor defines a means for carrying out the process of pyrolyzing, gasification, reduction and oxidation instantaneously, preheating means define the air temperature which is in a fuel-air ratio close to the stoichiometric ?=1, stabilizing means define the automatic control of the system by regulating the air and fuel flow. The biomass to be used as fuel in the present invention must be of millimetric size and the humidity content must not be greater than 30%. It can be used any kind of dry matter of vegetable or peat of different calorific power. The heat generated may be used in all conventional techniques.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 7, 2012
    Publication date: January 2, 2014
    Inventor: Jorge Alejandro LOPEZ POY
  • Patent number: 7942666
    Abstract: An apparatus is described for burning organic substances, comprising a horizontal combustion chamber (2) provided in a housing (1) and heat-insulated against said housing (1), and a counter-flow heat exchanger (8) which preheats the combustion air with the help of the hot exhaust gases from the combustion chamber (2) and which forms a flow duct (10) for the combustion air between the combustion chamber (2) and a heat-exchanger wall (9) enclosing the combustion chamber (2), as well as a flow duct (11) for the hot exhaust gases on the side of the heat-exchanger wall (9) averted from the combustion chamber (2).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 13, 2007
    Date of Patent: May 17, 2011
    Inventor: Walter Freller
  • Patent number: 7886675
    Abstract: Disclosed is a furnace adapted for burning solid materials, including biomass fuels. The furnace comprises an igniter having a heating element carried by a ceramic core and disposed within a ceramic cover tube for directing air at fuel disposed within the furnace for the purpose of igniting the fuel. Also disclosed is an igniter having a heating element carried by a ceramic core and disposed within a ceramic cover tube for directing air at fuel disposed within the furnace for the purpose of igniting the fuel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 18, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 15, 2011
    Assignee: Thermetic Products, Inc.
    Inventors: J. Evan Johnson, Scott H. Bents
  • Publication number: 20100289223
    Abstract: A heat exchanger 500 for transferring heat between a first gas flow 28, such as flue gases, and a second gas flow 34, such as air or oxygen, includes a housing 514 having a first inlet plenum 520 for receiving the first gas flow 28, a first outlet plenum 522 for discharging the first gas flow 28, a second inlet plenum 526 for receiving the second gas flow 34, and a second outlet plenum 528 for discharging the second gas flow 34. The heat exchanger 500 further includes heat exchange elements 512 disposed within the housing 514. Radial seals 224, 226, 228, 230 are disposed between the housing 514 and the heating elements 512 that define a radial plenum 535, 536. Axial seals 220, 222 are further disposed between the housing 514 and the heating elements 512 to define an axial plenum 530. A third gas flow, such as recirculated flue gas, is provided in the radial plenum 535, 536 and the axial plenum 530 to reduce the leakage between the first gas flow 28 and the second gas flow 34.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 14, 2009
    Publication date: November 18, 2010
    Inventors: James W. Birmingham, Glen D. Jukkola, Aku P. Rainio
  • Publication number: 20100275824
    Abstract: A combustion apparatus capable of firing biomass fuel including a burner assembly which includes a biomass nozzle concentrically surrounded by a core air zone and extending axially along the length of the core air zone, the burner assembly residing within a windbox, the windbox being attached to a furnace of a boiler, and the burner assembly being connected to the furnace by a burner throat, through which air and fuel supplied to the burner assembly are emitted into the furnace.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 26, 2010
    Publication date: November 4, 2010
    Inventors: Albert D LaRue, John E. Monacelli
  • Publication number: 20090266278
    Abstract: A biomass furnace (12) includes an auto-ignition system (28) for automatically resuming combustion of a biomass fuel (16) in response to sensed conditions. The auto-ignition system (28) raises the temperature of biomass fuel (16) in the combustion chamber (14), in the absence of flame or spark, by pumping superheated air into the combustion chamber (14) causing the fuel (16) to spontaneously combust. An auxiliary heat source (34) is located in a plenum (30) leading to the combustion chamber (14). A fan (32) forcibly moves air through the plenum (30), around the auxiliary heat source (34) and then into the combustion chamber (14) to initiate combustion in the absence of flame.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 18, 2009
    Publication date: October 29, 2009
    Applicant: Greenville Manufacturing, LLC
    Inventor: Thomas A. Wierzchon
  • Patent number: 7588028
    Abstract: A burner comprising a fuel reservoir, a primary combustion zone located at the lower end of the fuel reservoir, a secondary combustion zone located underneath the primary combustion zone, a passage providing communication between the primary and secondary combustion zones, a flue for discharging products of combustion from the secondary combustion zone, the primary combustion zone having a peripheral wall incorporating air hole means to provide combustion air to the primary combustion zone, wherein the cross-sectional area of the air hole means is substantially equal to the combined minimum cross-sectional area of the passage and the minimum cross?sectional flow area of the flue.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 27, 2001
    Date of Patent: September 15, 2009
    Inventor: Franklin Scott
  • Publication number: 20090188649
    Abstract: A pyrolytic decomposition apparatus mainly comprising: an inlet system for incorporating an object; a pyrolysis system having at least one heating chamber and a heating means which pyrolytically decomposing the object within incorporated from the inlet system; a recovery and cooling system which recovers a part of the gas generated due to the pyrolytic decomposition as an oil component through a pipe; and a gas temperature adjusting system, which makes heat exchange between a part of the gas from the recovery system and a part of the gas from pyrolysis system to allow the pyrolytically decomposed gas at a prescribed temperature for flowing into the pyrolysis system is disclosed. The apparatus is characterized in that said apparatus has a nonflammable gas supply means which supply a nonflammable gas into the pyrolytically decomposed gas as a carrier gas circulated with the apparatus.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 1, 2008
    Publication date: July 30, 2009
    Inventor: Masashi Nakamura
  • Patent number: 7019190
    Abstract: A process and apparatus for energy efficient remediation of soil contaminated with hydrocarbons, including desorbing the hydrocarbon contaminants from a bed of the soil by thermal desorption in a treated desorption chamber (20) and thereafter combusting the contaminants in a thermal oxidiser (30). The combustion air for the desorption chamber and the thermal oxidiser, and the desorbed contaminants prior to admission to said thermal oxidiser, are preheated by heat exchange (40) with offgases from the thermal oxidiser. The offgases are then rapidly quenched at below 200° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 16, 1999
    Date of Patent: March 28, 2006
    Assignee: Innova Soil Technology PTY LTD
    Inventors: John Anthony Lucas, Louis James Wibberley
  • Patent number: 6966268
    Abstract: This invention, Centrifugal and Divided Space combustion method, need to install a cylindrical fuel pot, the first combustion chamber, the second combustion chamber and an exhaust pot. It also needs to install the upper and the lower pots outside the first combustion chamber and the fuel pot in order to have the lower and the upper air paths inside the outer pots. One or several ventilator(s) to make air-flow is tangentially connected to the upper and the lower air paths at the lower part of the upper outer pot. And several air-flow control devices should be located at the upper part of the upper air path. Thus, the invention is composed to realize the complete combustion only with the air supply into the furnace. In this case, the space in the furnace is divided into many combustive sectors by the air-flow.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 11, 2001
    Date of Patent: November 22, 2005
    Assignee: CDS Global Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Jiwon Kim
  • Patent number: 6314896
    Abstract: A method for operating a boiler using oxygen-enriched oxidants includes introducing oxygen-enriched air, or oxygen and air, in which the oxygen concentration ranges from about 21% to about 100% by volume. Fuel and oxygen-enriched air are introduced into the combustion space within the steam-generating boiler. The fuel and oxygen-enriched air is combusted to generate thermal energy. At least a portion of the flue gases are collected and at least a portion are recirculated through the boiler. In the steam-generating boiler, the oxygen-enriched oxidant is introduced at one or more locations within the radiation zone and the convection zone of the boiler. Additionally, flue gas is collected and recirculated into one or more locations within the radiation zone and/or the convection zone of the boiler.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 10, 1999
    Date of Patent: November 13, 2001
    Assignees: L'Air Liquide, Societe Anonyme pour l'Etude et l'Exploitation des Procedes Georges Claude, American Air Liquide
    Inventors: Ovidiu Marin, Oliver Charon
  • Patent number: 6261090
    Abstract: A combustor system provides high temperature, high-dwell combustion of emission products, as from charcoal kilns, with inner and outer combustion chambers. Multiple inlets receive emission products from multiple heat exchangers omnidirectionally extending for continuous heat exchange connection between the combustor and emission sources. Hot products of combustion are delivered to each heat exchanger, each with multiple ducts in mutual heat exchange relationship including at least a hot products of combustion duct for receiving at the proximal end hot products of combustion from an outlet of the outer chamber, and conveying the hot products of combustion to the distal end at a respective emission source, an emissions inlet duct for receiving emission products at the distal end from the emission source, and a return products of combustion duct for receiving at the distal end the hot products of combustion and returning them to the combustor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 28, 2000
    Date of Patent: July 17, 2001
    Assignee: Independent Stave Company
    Inventors: John J. Boswell, Dale R. Eichmeyer
  • Patent number: 6237511
    Abstract: A method of burning plant-based fuel is involved in which the plant-based fuel is burned in a boiler designed for burning dry fuel and with the plant-based fuel being used having a moisture value which can vary in range from dry to wet. The method involves heating air with heat energy from combustion gases of the boiler to provide a source of heated air and providing heat and flow amounts of the heated air, with derived heat energy from the combustion gases, to the fuel in an amount sufficient for drying the fuel in any condition presented amongst the range between dry and wet. The flow of the heated air directed to the fuel is controlled to provide sufficient drying of the fuel before use of the fuel in the boiler and such that the heated air not needed for drying the fuel is conducted into the boiler to serve as heated combustion air.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 18, 1998
    Date of Patent: May 29, 2001
    Inventor: Martti Honkasalo
  • Patent number: 5878699
    Abstract: A twin-cell furnace for process stream preheat and utility steam superheat. The furnace uses a pair of vertical radiant cells with top supported, bottom guided, single row, multiple pass vertical coils fired on opposite sides by floor-mounted burners. An overhead convection section is centered between the radiant cells. Induced and forced draft fans are placed over the convection section to draw combustion gas into the stack and supply air through an air preheater, between the convection section and the stack, and to the floor burners and supplemental convection section burners. Additional convection coils are positioned in the hip section between the radiant cells and the convection section. The furnace design has reduced plot space requirements, increased flexibility in heating multiple services, and allows more even heating of the radiant tubes, and easier radiant tube replacement.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 5, 1998
    Date of Patent: March 9, 1999
    Assignee: The M. W. Kellogg Company
    Inventors: Daniel J. Barnett, Gregory B. Cargle, C. Steven Lancaster
  • Patent number: 5797332
    Abstract: A system for reducing volatile organic compounds, particulates and carbon monoxide in exhaust from a wood products dryer is disclosed. The dryer exhaust is combined with waste wood or biomass fuel and partially combusted in a rotary gasifier, then fully combusted in a secondary combustion chamber. Hot flue gasses form the secondary combustion chamber are used to heat the conduits carrying the exhaust from the dryer, to heat oil, and to preheat air input to the dryer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 11, 1995
    Date of Patent: August 25, 1998
    Assignee: Callidus Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Michael R. Keller, John R. Petersen, David Caffey
  • Patent number: 5791299
    Abstract: A small once-through boiler can avoid burning caused due to excessive heating of water pipes and burning around a fire hole of a burner in particular and heighten the heat load of a combustion chamber to further reduce the size of the system as compared with a prior art boiler. In the small once-through boiler, at least one regenerative burner system 20 is provided in a combustion chamber 1, the regenerative burner system 20 carrying out supply of combustion air A and exhaust of combustion gas E through a regenerator 22 and relatively changing flows of the combustion gas E and the combustion air A with respect to the regenerator 22 so as to supply the combustion air A via the regenerator 22 heated by heat of the combustion gas. Water pipe group 4 is provided apart from the combustion chamber wall surface 3 to form a passage 12 between the rear surface of the water pipe group 4 and the combustion chamber wall surface 3.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 24, 1997
    Date of Patent: August 11, 1998
    Assignees: Nippon Furnace Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha, Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Mamoru Matsuo, Ryoichi Tanaka, Kazuhisa Mitani
  • Patent number: 5730070
    Abstract: An apparatus for introducing gas recirculation into a furnace to control steam temperature includes a hot air chamber for receiving hot air from an air preheater. The hot air chamber has at least one outlet communicating with the interior of the furnace. The apparatus includes a recirculation gas chamber for receiving recirculation gas from a recirculation fan and includes at least one outlet communicating with the interior of the furnace. Each of the chambers is disposed about at least a portion of the circumference of the furnace with one of the chambers disposed above at least a portion of the other. Ducts are provided between the hot air chamber and the air preheater and between the recirculation gas chamber and the recirculation fan to provide communication between the elements. A passageway is disposed between the hot air chamber and the recirculation gas chamber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 22, 1995
    Date of Patent: March 24, 1998
    Assignee: Combustion Engineering, Inc.
    Inventors: Robert C. Kunkel, Thomas J. Dunn, Jr.
  • Patent number: 5676070
    Abstract: Methods and Systems for catalyzing the oxidative destruction of animal tissues, particularly medical waste and animal and human corpses. A reaction chamber containing a fluidizable media is maintained at a temperature sufficient to cause the fluidized media, typically silica sand, silica gel, or alumina, to become highly reactive in the presence of moisture. Typically the reaction chamber is maintained at a temperature in a range from about 400.degree. C. to about 500.degree. C. The methods and systems quickly and efficiently destroy medical waste and a variety of other animal tissues such as corpses. The apparatus can be small to fit into small rooms or large to serve institutional needs. It replaces incineration, autoclaving, plasma formation, and the like as the preferred method for effectively disinfecting and destroying medical wastes and corpses.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 3, 1996
    Date of Patent: October 14, 1997
    Inventors: Thomas C. Maganas, Alan L. Harrington
  • Patent number: 5632210
    Abstract: This invention incinerates bio-active, or any solid wastes with high organic contents and a major recoverable liquid component, at an extremely high temperature with minimum added fuel, air pollution, space, time and labor. This invention removes the liquid components through a separate route from the combustion zone, maintains a very high incineration temperature for a complete oxidation of dried solid by minimizing the exhaust gas volume, excess combustion air, the exit exhaust gas temperature and the heat loss with a use of a matched pair of high-temperature ceramic heat recuperators which have very large surface area per mass.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 6, 1995
    Date of Patent: May 27, 1997
    Inventor: Dae S. Kim
  • Patent number: 5389117
    Abstract: Reacted gas manifolds and reactant gas manifolds are added to the char fuel reaction chamber of a char fuel gas producer in order to create a flow of gas across the direction of motion of the solid char fuel. The char fuel volatile matter can then be mixed with air and this mixture separated from the producer gas created in the high temperature rapid reaction zone. Improved utilization of char fuel volatile matter can be achieved together with a reduction of tar formation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 11, 1993
    Date of Patent: February 14, 1995
    Inventor: Joseph C. Firey
  • Patent number: 5311828
    Abstract: An incinerator includes a furnace body which confines a combustion chamber for receiving refuse therein and which has a bottom wall formed with a central opening, an ash release gate mounted pivotally to the bottom wall at the central opening, a stack which is provided on one side of the furnace body and which has a lower end part that is communicated with the combustion chamber adjacent to the bottom wall, and an exhaust port provided adjacent to an open top of the furnace body and operable so as to communicate the stack and the combustion chamber. A furnace cover is provided on the open top of the furnace body. First and second preheating tube arrangements are received in the lower part of the furnace body. The first preheating tube arrangement includes a plurality of upwardly extending concentric coil turns and has a surface formed with a plurality of air holes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 26, 1993
    Date of Patent: May 17, 1994
    Inventors: I-Cheng Wu, Guor-Rern Wu
  • Patent number: 5284102
    Abstract: A single unit, shell and tube fume incinerator utilizes a baffle (34) structure proximate a combustion zone (24) to control the flow of combustion exhaust gas. The baffle (34) is located proximate the hot ends of a plurality of heat exchange tubes (20) to deflect the hot exhaust gases from the combustion zone (24) away from the ends of the tubes (20), and back to the outside of the tubes (20), thereby controlling the "time at temperature" for contaminants in the impure gas feed. Baffle (34) provides a slip fit around tubes (20) to permit thermal expansion thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 27, 1992
    Date of Patent: February 8, 1994
    Assignee: Salem Industries, Inc.
    Inventor: Michael C. Thomason
  • Patent number: 5054405
    Abstract: Waste materials are efficiently and completely incinerated in a gasification unit with a minimum amount of fly ash while ensuring complete sterilization of residual materials. The gasification unit includes a refractory liner which is stepped to define primary, secondary, and tertiary combustion chambers where waste materials are completely incinerated. A fan is adapted to draw combustion air past the outer surface of the refractory liner to initially heat the combustion air while simultaneously cooling the refractory liner. The fan is further adapted to force combustion air under pressure into a preheating chamber in which the combustion air is preheated before passing into the primary and secondary combustion chambers. Turbulence in the combustion chambers, brought about through equalization of air pressure in the preheating chamber, is effected through the provision of tangential air inlets in the walls of the refractory liner.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 2, 1990
    Date of Patent: October 8, 1991
    Assignee: Serawaste Systems Corporation
    Inventor: David R. Walker
  • Patent number: 5029534
    Abstract: This invention relates to a method and apparatus for the extraction of heat and smoke from a fuel burn in a firebox. The design is for the firebox exhaust area to be wrapped with its own hot exhaust gases, for smoke extraction, and then, for heat extraction, have all of the outer surface of a stove, fireplace or furnace exposed to said hot exhaust gases. Such a wrap-around design burns smoke form said exhaust gases, holds a high temperature in the firebox area, for good combustion, and increases the efficiency of heat extraction by using all of the outer surface of the stove, fireplace or furnace as a high temperature heat exchanger.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 4, 1990
    Date of Patent: July 9, 1991
    Assignee: Temperature Adjusters, Inc.
    Inventor: Henry T. Childs
  • Patent number: 4998508
    Abstract: A boiler comprises a shell for fluid to be treated and divided into first and second heat exhange zones by at least one baffle, the zones being in communication with one another beneath a lower end of the baffle. Exhaust gases from a combustion source are supplied to a plurality of heat exchange tubes extending through each zone in heat exchange relationship with the fluid in the shell and being arranged in passes sequentially connected to one another whereby the exhaust gases pass sequentially through the first and second zones. The fluid to be heated is fed to an upper region of the second zone such that the temperature of gases passing through at least some of the tubes in the second zone falls to below the dew points of combustion products therein, the tubes in which condensation occurs being orientated such that condensates flow therefrom for disposal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 16, 1989
    Date of Patent: March 12, 1991
    Assignee: Northern Engineering Industries PLC
    Inventor: Ronald Stead
  • Patent number: 4948362
    Abstract: The present invention provides an energy conserving process for calcining a clay and apparatus for carrying out the process. A dry pulverized clay powder (1) is fed to a calciner (20) to be calcined therein. The calcined clay product (3) is removed from the calciner (20) and preferably passed in heat exchange relationship with a cooling medium (71) whereby the calcined clay product (3) is cooled and the cooling medium is heated. The hot off-gas (7) discharged from the calciner (20) is passed through an electrostatic precipitator (30) to remove at least a substantial portion of calcined clay product dust (11) entrained in the exhaust gas from the calciner. The clean gas (13) leaving the electrostatic precipitator (30) is passed in heat exchange relationship with a cooling fluid (51) to further cool the gas, and preferably to evaporate at least a portion of the cooling portion to produce a heating vapor (53).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 14, 1988
    Date of Patent: August 14, 1990
    Assignee: Georgia Kaolin Company, Inc.
    Inventor: David P. Baird
  • Patent number: 4942673
    Abstract: A particle storage chamber in a circulating fluid bed boiler having fluidizing means therein to tumble and fluidize the collected ash and ash coated particles. Due to the fuel burned, these ash and ash coated particles contain sodium and potassium compounds which react to lower the eutectic point of the particles thereby causing them to agglomerate or sinter. By fluidizing these particles, they are prevented from reacting through surface contact. Consequently, the ash and ash coated particles do not agglomerate or sinter thereby maintaining the individual characteristics of these particles and allowing smooth flowability for recirculation to the primary furnace zone.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 18, 1988
    Date of Patent: July 24, 1990
    Assignee: The Babcock & Wilcox Company
    Inventor: Rick L. Dellinger
  • Patent number: 4938155
    Abstract: A method for disposing by incineration of waste material containing sludge and garbage of various kinds which when combined results in a composite waste material prepared by performing multiple steps in its handling wherein the composite material is first subjected to a grinding step for thorough intermixing of the sludge that may contain a high percentage of moisture with garbage that can contain very little moisture. After grinding, the composite waste material is processed in a cyclone where the gases that are used to transport the ground matter can be separated while the solids are subjected to classification by the use of a vibratory screen where the paper, fluffy waste, and similar materials can be separated from the smaller and harder particulate components. The separated components are subjected to individual impact grinding steps prior to being recombined in the combustor where incineration takes place.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 1, 1989
    Date of Patent: July 3, 1990
    Inventor: Robert M. Williams
  • Patent number: 4920898
    Abstract: There is provided a slagging combustion system for generating high purity working fluid suitable for driving gas turbines. The system consists of a precombustor for preheating oxidant tangentially fed to a primary slagging combustor where a solid carbonaceous material is combusted under substoichiometric slagging conditions. Slag is collected in the primary slagging combustor and products of combustion passed to a transition section where tertiary oxidant and sulfur-gettering agents are added, and then to a cyclonic secondary combustion chamber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 7, 1989
    Date of Patent: May 1, 1990
    Assignee: TRW Inc.
    Inventors: Albert Solbes, Hideo Iwata
  • Patent number: 4869181
    Abstract: Presented is a method and apparatus for incorporating an incandescent filter for products of combustion in the combustion chamber of a furnace including a grate and an exit slot for products of combustion located above the level of the grate. Incandescent coals from the fuel being burned obstruct the exit slot, and products of combustion must pass through the incandescent coals. In one aspect, water tubes line the walls of the combustion chamber, primary combustion air is admitted between the tubes, and the admission of secondary air is controlled to maintain an incandescent bed of coals through which products of combustion must be drawn to exit the furnace. In another aspect, a reciprocating grate is provided, and primary combustion air penetrates the bed of fuel from below. Products of combustion pass back through a portion of the burning fuel maintained at incandescence by the admission of secondary air upwardly through the reciprocating grate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 3, 1988
    Date of Patent: September 26, 1989
    Inventor: Clinton B. Pike
  • Patent number: 4800824
    Abstract: An incineration system utilizes a circular cross-section pyrolysis chamber in which waste materials are gasified. A flat cast iron hearth serves as the floor of the pyrolysis chamber and has a number of small holes which are raised above the general hearth level by a number of nipples. The bolted front head of the chamber has a vertically movable front door. When raised, the hinged door assembly may be opened by unscrewing a pair of locking mechanisms which seal the door to a vertically movable frame. Ash removal may be accomplished by partially raising the entire structure, rather than opening the door. The ash ram is rectangular, covers a substantial area of the chamber floor when extended, and utilizes a unique cable and cylinder ram moving system. An air plenum above the chamber also acts as a platform, allowing inspection and maintenance to take place on top of the chamber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 13, 1987
    Date of Patent: January 31, 1989
    Assignee: Aqua-Chem, Inc.
    Inventor: Mark A. DiFonzo
  • Patent number: 4771707
    Abstract: A fume incineration system for an industrial process site such as a paint-drying oven (10) producing a combustible effluent. A first duct system (34, 38, 42) conveys effluent to the incinerator (14). A second duct system (44, 48) conveys incinerated effluent back to the site. A third duct system (52, 56) conveys part of the incinerated effluent to an atmospheric vent (57). Control dampers (50, 74) in the duct systems operate sequentially to handle temperature changes, and control damper (84) controls system air flow balance. All ducts and thermal devices except the incinerator are located in an insulated housing (12). A thermal incinerator (14) having an internal preheater comprising an annular tube bundle is disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 8, 1984
    Date of Patent: September 20, 1988
    Assignee: Haden Schweitzer Corporation
    Inventors: John Robson, Maximilian K. Carthew
  • Patent number: 4744313
    Abstract: A water-cooled air supply system for the combustion chamber of an incinerator. A longitudinal trough is formed in the lower end of the combustion chamber and a plurality of air supply tubes are spaced above the bottom of the trough. Elongated shrouds are secured in spaced relation to the upper and lower portions of each air supply tube and define cooling passages that receive a cooling medium. A plurality of outlet ports are located in each side of each air supply tube between the spaced edges of the shrouds and air is discharged from the ports into the lower end of the combustion chamber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 22, 1987
    Date of Patent: May 17, 1988
    Inventor: Gordon H. Hoskinson
  • Patent number: 4712491
    Abstract: The downward burning of a vertical stack of solid fuel in a vertical furnace shaft is controlled by supplying most of the combustion air to the side of the stack through vertically spaced apart rows of combustion air supply openings in the vertical furnace shaft, each row of combustion air supply openings being generally horizontally oriented and including a plurality of separate openings. Each row of combustion air supply openings is supplied with combustion air through a separate combustion air supply channel, and the combination air fed to each supply channel is controlled by a distribution element which shifts the supply of combustion air to lower rows of air supply openings as the combustion zone moves down to the bottom of the vertical stack.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 5, 1986
    Date of Patent: December 15, 1987
    Assignee: Wamsler-Herd-Und Ofen GmbH
    Inventor: Lothar Schmidt
  • Patent number: 4702179
    Abstract: This invention relates to a method and apparatus for controlling the burn of coal, or fuel to produce the desired output of heat ranging from under 10,000 BTU per hour to over 150,000 BTU per hour, and the collection of said heat. It depends on the sizing of the grate, firebox and combustion area to produce the desired burn, the vertical exhaust pipes and soot and ash traps for self-cleaning and storing waste, the automatic controls for self-maintenance, the air washing system for cleaning the exhaust air of pollutants, the water heating coils and tanks for storing the produced heat, the chimney insulated compartments with gravel for accelerating heat absorption, and its own chimney that makes it a self-contained unit that can be located for use inside or outside of most any selected existing house or building.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 18, 1984
    Date of Patent: October 27, 1987
    Assignee: Temperature Adjusters, Inc.
    Inventor: Henry T. Childs
  • Patent number: 4651654
    Abstract: An incinerator for burning waste material includes an outer steel housing having a refractory liner that defines a combustion chamber. A series of channels are secured to the inner surface of the housing and provide vertical air flow passages. The lower ends of the passages are open to the atmosphere, while the upper ends are connected to a plenum and air is drawn through the passages by a blower to thereby preheat the air and cool the outer housing. A portion of the preheated air is directed to the stack for secondary combustion purposes, while a second portion of the preheated air is returned through vertical passages in the end of the housing to a pair of lower plenums and then introduced into the lower end of the combustion chamber for primary combustion purposes. The incinerator also has an improved feed assembly for feeding waste material to the combustion chamber, which includes a hopper, a triple hydraulic cylinder and a ram movable within the hopper.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 24, 1984
    Date of Patent: March 24, 1987
    Assignee: Aqua-Chem, Inc.
    Inventors: Kjell I. Erlandsson, Mark A. DiFonzo, Peter Howald
  • Patent number: 4640232
    Abstract: A device for evacuating into the ambient air combustion products from a condensation boiler, in which at least one downstream section of the conduit for evacuating the combustion products is coaxial to the conduit for admission of the combustion air necessary for the burner. Means are provided for returning to the outside a fraction of the air collected in said admission conduit. The downstream section of the conduit for evacuating the combustion products, the coaxial section of the admission conduit and the means for returning to the outside a fraction of the collected air define a first heat exchanger. Means also are provided for diluting the combustion product with the fraction of collected air, the dilution means being located in the vicinity of the opening for suction of the combustion air and for rejection of the combustion products into the ambient air.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 28, 1984
    Date of Patent: February 3, 1987
    Assignee: Gaz de France
    Inventor: Francois Couprie
  • Patent number: 4635573
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method of destroying and vaporizing refuse, primarily household waste. The material is fed into a shaft furnace, in which the material is subjected to a vaporization and combustion process in at least three zones, said zones being produced by the supply of blast air at least at three different levels in the shaft furnace which blast gas completely or partly is supplied with controlled quantities of thermal energy by means of electricity, preferably by using at least one plasma generator. The gas produced by the process is withdrawn through an annular drum, arranged about two thirds of the way up the shaft furnace. The gas leaving can be used as combustion gas e.g. for district heating plants and steam power stations with varying thermal requirements.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 5, 1985
    Date of Patent: January 13, 1987
    Assignee: SKF Steel Engineering AB
    Inventor: Sven Santen
  • Patent number: 4622903
    Abstract: A sewage screenings disposal system where raw screenings are fed to a dewatering press (7) for reducing the moisture content of the screenings, slugs of pressed screenings are conveyed from the dewatering press (7) to a multi-compartment storage carousel (17), loader ram means (16) charge the slugs into empty carousel compartments (21) and feeder ram means (26) located remote from the loader arm ram means (16) push the slugs from the full carousel compartments (21) into an incinerator (29). The carousel drive means are connected through a compartment indexing mechanism and carousel locking means (22) whereby during loading or feeding the carousel is locked against rotation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 14, 1984
    Date of Patent: November 18, 1986
    Assignee: Warren Engineering Pty. Ltd.
    Inventors: William C. Warren, Arpad Futo
  • Patent number: 4616572
    Abstract: A compact incinerator for biomass has an upright combustion chamber coaxially surrounded by a passage through which the biomass is fed from a separator in which the primary air is separated from the biomass, to the combustion chamber. An afterburner chamber surrounds this shaft so that flue gases from the combustion chamber can pass through the shaft and be filtered by the biomass while heating the biomass before afterburning is effected in the afterburner chamber. The primary air from the separator is preheated in a preheater in indirect heating exchange by the flue gas in the same coaxial apparatus which also includes, coaxially with the combustion chamber, a flue gas/solids separator for removing solids from the flue gas before it enters the preheater.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 17, 1984
    Date of Patent: October 14, 1986
    Inventor: Franz Berthiller
  • Patent number: 4574710
    Abstract: A combustion system to utilize particulate fuel where the fuel is compressed and extruded into a selected shape to be burned in a combustion chamber under conditions where particles of burning material are maintained in the combustion chamber until the weight of the particulate material decreases to the point where the particle is carried from the chamber through a heat exchanger by combustion gasses to a scrubber section for removal of impurities such as SO.sub.2 and NO.sub.x.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 26, 1984
    Date of Patent: March 11, 1986
    Inventor: John D. Pickard
  • Patent number: 4574711
    Abstract: A burner for use in burning granulated solid fuel including a burner head having a combustion chamber and inlet and outlet openings at opposite ends thereof communicated with the combustion chamber. Means is provided to deliver granulated solid fuel to the inlet opening and means is provided for delivering primary combustion air to the inlet opening. The primary combustion air is preheated by passing along the burner head prior to entry to the inlet opening and a pilot assembly in the combustion chamber maintains a constant pilot during turndown of the burner. A retention barrier in the combustion chamber retains fuel particles larger than a predetermined size in the combustion chamber to insure complete incineration thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 31, 1983
    Date of Patent: March 11, 1986
    Inventor: J. Vernon Christian