Abstract: There is provided a wood pellet burner assembly for a wood pellet boiler, not shown. There is a fixed and easily removable fuel apertured grate mounted above and spaced apart from a base wall forming part of a main support enclosure. A movable scraper subassembly carrying an apertured flame tube is provided which can be moved in and out of the main support enclosure to perform a scraping action on the fixed fuel apertured grate to deliver ash and clinker which have not fallen through the grate during combustion off the grate out of the main support enclosure. This cleaning operation can be carried out at suitable preset time intervals.
Abstract: The invention relates to solid fuel units having a fuel supply chamber wherein the fuel to be sent for combustion to the combustion region found in the body is placed and the feed mechanism carrying the solid fuel found in the chamber forward. It is characterized in that it includes a main burning block having a fuel and air cell connected to the solid fuel supply chamber and air outlet vents formed on the external wall surface. A preventive surface is positioned on the main burning block external wall surface in a way that it would form a closed volume in a certain distance.
Abstract: Apparatus and a process are described for compressing superheated steam into porous coal chunks in a chamber, and, after a time interval, expanding this steam out of the chamber, and repeating this steam cycle of compression followed by expansion. Thusly heated by the steam, volatile matter separates from the solid coke portion of the coal and separate volatile matter and coke products can be produced from coal or biomass fuels. These volatile matter liquids and tars can be used as fuel components in slurry fuels, for internal combustion engines used in our surface transportation industries. These solid coke products can be used as boiler fuel in steam electric plants. In this way our large domestic reserves of coal can be used as a fuel source, not only for electric power generation, but also for our surface transportation needs.
Abstract: A first process step comprises creating a hot gas, containing some molecular oxygen, by burning gas fuel with air and subsequently adding air to the burned gases. A second process step passes these hot oxygen containing gases through a bed of coal chunks, to remove volatile matter from the coal, and partially oxidize some of the volatile matter, as well as to transform the coal chunks into coke chunks. These hot coke chunks are transferred into a coke reaction chamber, where air is passed upward through the coke bed and oxidizes the coke largely to carbon monoxide, a fuel gas. This carbon monoxide fuel gas is combined with the volatile matter gases, and this fuel gas combination can be cleanly burned with addition thereto of overfire air. These process steps create a clean hot gas suitable for use in various apparatus, such as, steam boilers, gas turbines, and cement kilns.
Abstract: A heater being automatically fed with uniform geometry fuel units (2) whereby an improved combustion is obtained and it is adequate for domestic, commercial and industrial use; said heater comprises a supporting structure (16) and a combustion chamber (8) being supported by said supporting structure (16); the heater is characterized in that the combustion chamber (8) is exclusively fed on fuel by automatic feeding means; said automatic feeding means have an inlet region for receiving the fuel supplied by a user and an outlet region for automatically delivering the fuel to the combustion chamber (8).
Abstract: A supplying apparatus supplies a combustible material capable of enhancing the sealing effects of a supplying system for supplying a combustible material, such as combustible wastes, to a fluidized-bed chamber, stably supplies a combustible material having an undefined shape, and reduces cost for installation. A facility is also provided for gasifying a combustible material using the supplying apparatus for supplying a combustible material, and a method of gasifying combustible materials is also provided. The supplying apparatus supplies a combustible material onto the fluidized bed of a fluidized-bed gasifier chamber or a fluidized-bed combustion chamber. A screw conveyor is inclined, with transportation of the combustible material directed upward, at an angle of 20 degrees or more and 80 degrees or less with respect to a horizontal plane, causing a bed material to flow into a conveyor casing of the screw conveyor.
Abstract: A shutoff device is provided for pulverized coal burners of a pulverized coal furnace. Each burner has a primary tube that conveys a pulverized coal/air mixture and is connected with a feed line for supplying the mixture to the respective burner. Disposed in the feed line, for closing off the same, is a slide valve that is provided with a valve plate. On the trailing side of the slide valve, the feed line is surrounded by an air receiver that is supplied with air. In the vicinity of the air receiver, an opening is provided in the wall of the feed line and can be closed off by a closure plate, which is synchronously actuatable with the slide valve such that in the closed position of the slide valve the opening is opened, and in the open position of the slide valve the opening is closed off.
Abstract: A method and apparatus for heat treating of hazardous waste by heating the waste in a pyrolyzing chamber and forming an off-gas, heating the off-gas for a sufficient time to destroy dioxins and furans, then reducing and cooling the off-gas in a secondary treating chamber having a graphite stack and recovering metallics by distillation.
Abstract: A furnace having a continuous ash discharge stoker which includes a fuel distributor apparatus for delivering associated particulate fuel to an associated continuous ash discharge furnace which includes a housing having an inlet for a particulate fuel and an inlet for pressurized air. The housing includes a surface for directing the flow of the associated particulate fuel and an outlet cooperating with the surface through which the associated particulate fuel and air exit the housing. The apparatus includes a nozzle dimensioned and configured to direct pressurized air along a face of the surface to establish a boundary layer between the surface and the associated particulate fuel flowing over the surface. In some forms of the invention the nozzle comprises first and second flat plates disposed in mutually parallel spaced relationship. The first and second flat plates may each be disposed in generally aligned relationship to at least a portion of the surface.
Abstract: A feeder system for measuring and controlling the massed feed rate of particulate fuel material, such as coal particles, made up of a group of volumetric feeders and a gravimetric feeder coupled to the group of volumetric feeders. The system controls the fuel feed rate of the volumetric feeders based upon data communicated from the gravimetric feeder.
Abstract: A system for reacting solid particles flowing under gravity through a thin walled enclosure has at least one fluid flowing through the enclosure in a counter-current to the flow of the solid particles. The feeding of the solid particles into the enclosure and the discharging therefrom of the converted ash particles may be adjusted. A particle bed is controlled by feeding the fluid into the enclosure so that it has to go through a substantial part of the bed thickness. The enclosure is vibrated to obtain a vibrated particle bed, with the vibrations being directed along a direction which lies at substantially a right angle to the vertical.
Abstract: Apparatus for feeding solid waste material to one or more chargers of the type for forcing solid waste material into a furnace or boiler. An elongated auger housing is mounted above the chargers and includes a plurality of openings along its length and for depositing solid waste material into hoppers of the chargers. An auger is supported in the housing and conveys solid waste from one end of the auger housing to the other. A supply conveyor is provided for carrying a continuous supply of solid waste material to one end of the auger housing from a supply container. A return conveyor is positioned adjacent a discharge end of the auger housing and returns excess waste material to the supply container.
January 5, 1987
Date of Patent:
August 18, 1987
Donald J. Kaminski, Ernest A. Frank, Craig S. Grinsteiner
Abstract: A fuel feed system for feeding particulate combustible material to a stove, a heater, furnace or the like, referred to herein as heating equipment, and the same in combination with such feed system wherein the combustible material is wood, preferably wood chips. A container is provided for holding a supply of the wood chips to be burned and a cover removably mounted on the container which, during use, is sealed on the container so as to provide a sealingly closed container. The conveyor system for moving the wood chips from the container to a burner in the heating equipment includes a first conveyor and a second conveyor for moving the wood chips along respective different flow paths and a drop box between such first and second conveyors that provides a contiguous flow path along the conveyor system. A normally closed one way flow valve is located in the drop box to prevent reverse flow through the drop box from said second to said first conveyor.
Abstract: There is disclosed a furnace for burning wooden wastes and, more specifically, sawdust and/or barks. The furnace is provided with an oil burner required for starting the fire. The draught from the oil burner fan is directed within a perforated box, located in the combustion chamber of the furnace, and the sawdust or the barks or other wooden particles fall, according to a measured flow, over the perforated box. The sawdust is first alighted by the oil burner flame, and combustion thereafter builds up thanks to the draught from the perforated box. This box draught comprises a vertically-upwardly-oriented vector, for alighting the wood particles before the latter reach the box, and a horizontal vector extending toward the interior of the furnace to force the burning particles away from the side wall of the furnace. The system includes measured flow feeding system for the sawdust and/or the bark, and having a pair of flap-doors to prevent the escape of smoke from the furnace.
Abstract: A multi-fuel feeder distributor for a stoker capable of feeding into a furnace and distributing over a grate or hearth, coal and a second fuel, such as wood or a waste fuel, either in combination or separately, comprising a coal feed and a second fuel feed having outlet spouts discharging into a single feed throat into the furnace. Coal is fed from a coal hopper at a continuous controlled rate to a distributor portion of the coal feeder which mechanically throws the coal into the furnace and distributes it evenly over the entire grate surface. The second feeder, an air swept waste fuel feeder, may be used at the same time to feed waste fuel in combination with the coal without interfering with the operation of the coal feed. Water-cooling is used at the feed throat along the furnace wall.