Arch Or Roof Structure Patents (Class 110/331)
  • Patent number: 10065391
    Abstract: Refractory components (e.g. crown or rider arches associated with a refractory structure such as coke ovens, glass furnaces, regenerators and the like) are provided by multiple refractory members bonded to one another by a bonding agent to form an integral self-supporting structure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 2, 2016
    Date of Patent: September 4, 2018
    Assignee: FOSBEL, INC.
    Inventors: Lou Carolla, Michael Smith, Alan E. Bowser, Jr.
  • Patent number: 9453679
    Abstract: The invention refers to an industrial furnace cover. Such a furnace can be, i.a., any metallurgical melting and/or treatment vessel, for example an electric arc furnace.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 30, 2011
    Date of Patent: September 27, 2016
    Assignee: Refractory Intellectual Property GmbH & Co. KG
    Inventor: Peter Zottler
  • Publication number: 20150040805
    Abstract: A thermally expandable covering construction (1) for furnaces (2), in particular kilns or melting furnaces includes a preferably segmented cover (7) and, for the expansion-tolerant reception thereof on the edge side, a bracket (15) having a movable mounting (16) and having a clamping device (17) acting on the bracket (15). The clamping device (17) has a horizontally arranged clamping rod (31) which is loaded by a spring (33), is axially displaceably mounted on a fixed frame (29) and is pivotably connected to the bracket (15) at the front end by means of a bearing (26).
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 19, 2013
    Publication date: February 12, 2015
    Inventor: Andreas H├╝nlich
  • Patent number: 8693518
    Abstract: A high temperature industrial furnace roof system having first and second spaced apart hanger brick rows with a filler row disposed therebetween and a cable system including a plurality of electrical cables. The filler row includes a plurality of filler elements having at least one removable heating module with a heat source. The cable system operatively connects the heat source with a power source and permits the removable heating module to be removed from the respective filler element while the respective heat source remains operatively connected with the power source.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 9, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 8, 2014
    Assignee: Merkle International Inc.
    Inventors: Fred Lindeman, Stephen Coates, William R. Materna, Timothy Park
  • Patent number: 8428096
    Abstract: This invention relates to an industrial furnace roof filler element to allow replacement of a failed heat source during operation. The filler element can include a lower portion, a module, an aperture, a protuberance, a bore and/or a heat source. This invention also relates to a method of operation for an industrial furnace wherein a failed heat source is replaced during operation of the industrial furnace.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 1, 2007
    Date of Patent: April 23, 2013
    Assignee: Merkle International, Inc.
    Inventors: Fred Lindeman, Stephen Coates, William R. Materna, Timothy Park
  • Patent number: 7950922
    Abstract: A portico furnace includes a number of porticos (1), which are arranged parallel to one another and which define the spans of the furnace, and supports (2, 6) that are attached to the porticos (1), between which are positioned interjoists (3) that constitute the walls of the furnace. At least some of the interjoists (3) consist of a chimney block (4) with an axis that is parallel to the supports (2, 6).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 26, 2007
    Date of Patent: May 31, 2011
    Assignee: CERIC
    Inventor: Philippe Hatton
  • Patent number: 7204058
    Abstract: A flat-formed arch ring unit includes a linear array of voussoir portions connected along their upper edges. The unit is then archable. A method is provided for forming an archway including the steps of arching one or more the flat formed arch ring units and locating them between two or more foundation blocks or the like. This provides a simple yet effective process and unit for forming an archway. With ease of production, shaping and transportation, making new archways or carrying out repairs of existing bridge archways is significantly faster and cheaper, minimizing disruption and delay to traffic.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 12, 2005
    Date of Patent: April 17, 2007
    Assignee: The Queen's University of Belfast
    Inventor: Adrian Ernest Long
  • Patent number: 7040241
    Abstract: A refractory brick having a plurality of segments positioned along a longitudinal axis of the refractory brick. Each segment has at least two arcuate recesses and at least two arcuate ridges. The recesses of a first segment of the segments are positioned at a radial offset with respect to the recesses of a second segment which is adjacent the first segment. A plurality of refractory bricks are interlocked with respect to each other to form a refractory construction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 24, 2002
    Date of Patent: May 9, 2006
    Assignee: Merkle Engineers, Inc.
    Inventor: Stephen Coates
  • Patent number: 6705243
    Abstract: A supporting-arch construction having two abutment blocks, one impost, in each case, engaging against each abutment block. Supporting-arch blocks are arranged between the imposts, and are of the same construction. A process is provided for producing such a supporting arch.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 3, 2002
    Date of Patent: March 16, 2004
    Assignee: Refratechnik Holding GmbH
    Inventor: Klaus-Detlef Kassau
  • Publication number: 20030167984
    Abstract: A refractory vessel that can be used as a gasifier for black liquor includes a generally cylindrical metal shell having a dome. A refractory shell has a cylindrical portion spaced inwardly from the metal shell and a dome portion that is spaced inwardly from the metal dome. The refractory shell is sized to provide an expansion gap between the liner and the metal shell. A selectively crushable liner is positioned in the gap. The liner has a predetermined yield stress that will provide controlled resistance to expansion of the refractory shell.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 11, 2002
    Publication date: September 11, 2003
    Inventors: Zia Abdullah, John Peter Gorog
  • Patent number: 6532879
    Abstract: A solid fuel fed combustor system having a first chamber portion with an inlet feed for feeding a metered amount of a solid fuel thereto, a first burner stage having a first traveling conveyor firebelt, a metered amount of air introduced in progressively increasing proportions along the length of the first traveling conveyor. A second burner stage having a second traveling conveyor firebelt with air introduced in a progressively decreasing amount along the length of said second traveling conveyor firebelt and a controller for controlling air introduced to the system. The chamber has a sloped common roof section common to the burner stages and is made of radiative energy reflective fire brick and angled to reflect radiative energy generated from fuel traveling on the traveling conveyor firebelts and directing the radiative energy on fuel traveling on the first firebelt.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 4, 2002
    Date of Patent: March 18, 2003
    Assignee: Nathaniel Energy Corporation
    Inventor: Stan E. Abrams
  • Publication number: 20020189509
    Abstract: The invention relates to a supporting-arch construction, the supporting-arch construction having two abutment blocks, in each case one impost (3) butting against each abutment block, and supporting-arch blocks which are arranged between the imposts (3) and are of the same construction, and to a process for producing such a supporting arch.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 3, 2002
    Publication date: December 19, 2002
    Inventor: Klaus-Detlef Kassau
  • Publication number: 20020174811
    Abstract: An energy conversion system which comprises a solid fuel fed combustor system having a first chamber portion with an inlet feed for feeding a metered amount of a solid fuel thereto, a first burner stage having a first traveling conveyor firebelt, a metered amount of air introduced in progressively increasing proportions along the length of the first traveling conveyor. A second burner stage having a second traveling conveyor firebelt with air introduced in a progressively decreasing amount along the length of said second traveling conveyor firebelt and a controller for controlling air introduced to the system. The chamber has a sloped common roof section common to the burner stages and is made of radiative energy reflective fire brick and angled to reflect radiative energy generated from fuel traveling on the traveling conveyor firebelts and directing the radiative energy on fuel traveling on the first firebelt.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 4, 2002
    Publication date: November 28, 2002
    Inventor: Stan E. Abrams
  • Patent number: 6427610
    Abstract: A refractory hanger brick for high temperature industrial furnace roof construction having an elongated upwardly extending refractory portion having a generally rectangular cross section and a lower refractory base portion having a generally rectangular lower face, each side of the base portion having a base length greater than a corresponding side of the elongated upwardly extending refractory portion so as to provide support for insulating material and/or adjacent filler bricks. The upper end of the elongated upwardly extending refractory portion distal from the lower refractory base portion forms a hanger recess along opposite sides of the upper end. At least one generally laterally extending lug is disposed above each of the hanger recesses to retain the hanger in a fixed position and to provide at least one hanger position along the upper end opposite sides.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 11, 2000
    Date of Patent: August 6, 2002
    Assignee: Merkle Engineers, Inc.
    Inventors: Stephen Coates, Barry R. James
  • Patent number: 6074206
    Abstract: An industrial oven uses bi-directional expansion joints to accommodate lateral and longitudinal movement intersecting support beams of the oven's structural framework resulting from expansion of the support beams, the supported beams, and/or other oven components. The intersecting support beams may, for instance, comprise either roof purlins 1) and underlying roof trusses or 2) floor support members and underlying oven base support beams. Each bi-directional expansion joint includes a bracket permitting relative longitudinal and lateral movement between the support beams and the associated supported beams. The brackets preferably comprise L-shaped brackets each having 1) a vertical leg connected to the associated supported beam(s), 2) a horizontal leg connect to the associated support beam, and 3) expansion slots permitting lateral movement between the support beam and the bracket and longitudinal movement between the supported beam(s) and the bracket.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 17, 1998
    Date of Patent: June 13, 2000
    Assignee: Wisconsin Oven Corporation
    Inventor: Duane H. Lauersdorf
  • Patent number: 5899151
    Abstract: A high temperature industrial roof assembly having two refractory bricks with adjacent faces, opposing hanger recesses, a hanger rod extending from the recesses to the top of the assembly, the refractory bricks being held in an adjacent position by a securing device, a hanger rod with a locking mechanism at one end and a hook at the other end, a hanger having opposed refractory engaging projections adapted to engage the hanger recesses, a hanger rod hole allowing free rotation about the hanger rod end above the locking mechanism, and a locking mechanism engagement recess which when engaged with the locking mechanism prevents rotation of the hanger rod in relation to the hanger at 90 degree increments and provides that depression of the one end of the hanger rod into the locking mechanism engagement recess permits rotation of the hanger rod with respect to the hanger. The locking mechanism comprises opposing tabs.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 13, 1997
    Date of Patent: May 4, 1999
    Assignee: Merkle Engineers, Inc.
    Inventors: Frank P. Merkle, Jr., deceased, Howard R. Serlin, executor
  • Patent number: 5862641
    Abstract: An anchor for connecting refractory material to a wall or other support structure for a kiln or other vessel is disclosed. The anchor includes a first member having a section along its length that is selectively configured and has a selective cross-sectional shape. The anchor includes a second member having a complementary engaging section. The complementary engaging section has a cross-sectional shape and dimension complementary to the selected configuration of the length of the first section of the first member. The complementary engaging section of the second member further has a selective configuration along its length complementary to the shape and dimension of the selective cross-sectional shape of the first section of the first member such that the two members complementarily engage to enhance heat transfer, while at the same time permitting relative rocking and rotational movement of the members in use.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 23, 1997
    Date of Patent: January 26, 1999
    Assignee: LEA-CON, Inc.
    Inventor: John Miskolczi, Jr.
  • Patent number: 5444734
    Abstract: A combination of a spray cooled roof having a central opening, a support member and mast post wherein the roof is provided with an engagement which are detachably engaged to the corresponding engagement affixed to a support arm assembly which extends over a closed part of the roof. The support member is coupled to the mast post which raises, lowers and laterally moves the roof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 18, 1993
    Date of Patent: August 22, 1995
    Assignee: UCAR Carbon Technology Corporation
    Inventors: Mark T. Arthur, Frank H. Miner, Jr.
  • Patent number: 5289495
    Abstract: A roof structure for an electric arc smelting furnace includes a spider frame for supporting a plurality of independent removable coolant coil sections. An inner coil section is generally annular in shape and includes a coolant pipe which spirals completely around a central opening in the roof structure. An intermediate coil section is also generally annular in shape, but includes a coolant pipe which extends around the circumference of the inner section, reverses itself around the circumference of the first pipe of the intermediate section, and then reverses itself once again around the circumference of the second coolant pipe of the intermediate section, to form a generally serpentine pattern. A plurality of semi-annular outer coil sections are supported radially outwardly from the intermediate coil section. Each outer section includes a first pipe located generally centrally within the semi-annular section and extending from end to end.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 17, 1992
    Date of Patent: February 22, 1994
    Assignee: J. T. Cullen Co., Inc.
    Inventor: Eric N. Johnson
  • Patent number: 5062249
    Abstract: The invention herein teaches a crown system for kilns and furnaces for the high temperature firing of materials. One method used in the industry for a crown system consists of supporting layers of insulation with inverted T-rails attached to bones which are further attached to hanger devices hanging from pipes that rest upon an ultimate support system. To overcome the numerous problems associated with the prior art the following considerable modifications have been made: 1) slotting each inverted T-rail, along its narrow attaching flange and adding stops to each side of said slot such that the bone is evenly spaced along the T-rail when inserted and slid into position, 2) fitting rigid insulation cases fully between the bones and adjacent layers of insulation and 3) said insulation cases and said T-rail stops combine to lock said bones in position.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 20, 1989
    Date of Patent: November 5, 1991
    Inventor: John D. Smagner
  • Patent number: 4929179
    Abstract: A roof structure has a plurality of layers of heat resistant material, at least a first of the layers including a first brick layer, at least a second of the layers above the first of the layers including a heat resistant compound, and the heat resistant compound being unshaped when initially installed above the first of the layers. A method of forming a roof structure in an opening between side walls of a chamber includes the steps of installing at least one layer of bricks in the opening directly above the chamber, applying at least one layer of a first concrete in an unshaped form in the opening over the at least one layer of the bricks, tamping the at least one layer of the first concrete at at least a first predetermined temperature, and allowing the at least one layer of the first concrete to harden.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 17, 1988
    Date of Patent: May 29, 1990
    Assignee: Ruhrkohle AG
    Inventors: Dieter Breidenbach, Hans Oldengott, Burckard Vitt
  • Patent number: 4892046
    Abstract: A removable roof for a furnace in which metal is melted has a framework composed of a series of horizontal beams arranged in several layers, with the beams of the lowest layer being parallel to each other and being held in fixed and determined relation with respect to each other by the beams of the next layer. Anchors are attached to the beams of the lowest level, and a cast refractory fills the spaces between and around the anchors so that the refractory forms the downwardly presented face of the roof--the face which is exposed to the interior of the containment vessel. To construct the roof, the framework is fabricated and placed over a horizontal surface, whereupon the anchors are attached and a moldable refractory mix is introduced with the spaces between the anchors. The mix sets up into the refractory.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 30, 1987
    Date of Patent: January 9, 1990
    Assignee: Gillespie & Powers, Inc.
    Inventor: John R. Gillespie
  • Patent number: 4836841
    Abstract: Roof of a working tank or of a glass melting furnace having a basin containing molten glass and covered by the radiation roof of highly refractory firebrick material, in which the roof is constructed with horizontal supporting elements in the form of straight arches (3) bearing the load of the roof (1) and spanning the tank at intervals, and with horizontal slabs (4) covering the open intervals between the supporting elements (3) and laid crosswise between the supporting elements (3).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 29, 1987
    Date of Patent: June 6, 1989
    Assignee: Sorg GmbH & Co. KG
    Inventors: Helmut Sorg, Matjaz Bucar
  • Patent number: 4754716
    Abstract: A removable refractory shield toe assembly for a suspended refractory shield wherein a hanger suspension means extends substantially the length of the toe assembly suspending a plurality of adjacent refractories on at least one metallic refractory hanger, a toe assembly suspension means extending upwardly from the hanger suspension means and having lifting means positioned in an outer upward location outwardly from a vertical axis through the center of gravity of the removable toe assembly and having hanging means positioned in an inner upward location inwardly from the vertical axis whereby the removable toe assembly rotates outwardly spacing the inner face of the innermost of the plurality of refractories from the outer face of the outermost fixed refractory of a suspended refractory shield when the weight of the removable toe assembly is upon the lifting means and the removable toe assembly rotates inwardly urging the inner face against the outer face of the fixed refractory when the weight of the removabl
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 15, 1987
    Date of Patent: July 5, 1988
    Assignee: Merkle Engineers, Inc.
    Inventor: Stephen J. Coates
  • Patent number: 4740155
    Abstract: A furnace is now provided having a dual pressure damper control system. Such system provides for substantial flexibility of control over the flow of flue gases, and consequently leads to substantial flexibility in the economical treatment of work pieces from a relatively low to relatively high product throughput. Additionally, the furnace includes a lightweight, readily repairable and readily removable, cover member. Such provides for ease of repair of not only the cover member, but also the furnace generally. Dual dampers can be used in association with dual heat chambers and burners therefore providing additional operational efficiency.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 5, 1987
    Date of Patent: April 26, 1988
    Assignee: ELTECH Systems Corporation
    Inventor: Nicholas Labas
  • Patent number: 4628657
    Abstract: For gas-tight lining of a chamber which is exposed to high temperatures a ceiling and wall construction is provided which is assembled from support bars, rows of profiled bearing bricks supported thereon and central bricks inserted between these rows of bearing bricks and profiled to fit together with these bearing bricks. Support bricks which are also suitably profiled are inserted between the bearing bricks on the one hand and the central bricks on the other hand, and the central bricks have a truncated pyramid shape which tapers towards the interior of the chamber to be lined. All bricks in the construction can be replaced individually in a simple manner.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 6, 1985
    Date of Patent: December 16, 1986
    Assignee: Krupp Polysius AG
    Inventors: Bodo Ermer, Dieter Mischorr
  • Patent number: 4584814
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for fastening an insulation module to a furnace wall. A stud member is welded onto the furnace wall. A pilot tool is attached to the stud member. An insulation module is impaled over the pilot tool and stud member. A nut is inserted onto the pilot member and threadably engages the stud member to secure the insulation module to the surface.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 21, 1984
    Date of Patent: April 29, 1986
    Assignee: Manville Corporation
    Inventors: Mack A. Hounsel, Anthony E. Cimochowski
  • Patent number: 4539919
    Abstract: A furnace crown structure for furnaces used to fire ceramic materials at high temperature, which comprises silicon carbide beams.Each beam is laid crosswise to the longitudinal axis of the furnace, parallel to one another at constant pitch distances apart. The spaces between the beams one closed with satisfactory material plates.The furnace affords the possibility of forming a furnace crown from a light weight material which can provide for a rapidly achieved steady state operation and cooling down of the furnace.The furnace can reach temperatures in the 1600.degree. C. range.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 25, 1984
    Date of Patent: September 10, 1985
    Assignee: S.I.T.I. Societa Impianti Termoelettrici Industriali S.p.A.
    Inventor: Renato Bossetti
  • Patent number: 4529178
    Abstract: A refractory assembly for use in a roof in an ore reduction furnace is provided having a pair of refractory blocks with matchable corrugated surfaces. A corrugated plate is provided, with its corrugations having the same wavelength as and a different amplitude than the block corrugations. The plate is bound between the corrugated surfaces of the blocks so that the blocks are spaced apart by and supported on the plate. In the preferred embodiment, the corrugations are sine waves with the plate sine wave having an amplitude greater than the sine wave of the blocks. The entire assembly may be suspending as part of a furnace roof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 6, 1984
    Date of Patent: July 16, 1985
    Assignee: M. H. Detrick Company
    Inventors: John W. Hosbein, Roger L. Hosbein
  • Patent number: 4524702
    Abstract: A lightweight cover provides heat insulation for a heated vessel such as a soaking pit. The cover can be readily assembled in a manner providing for ease of repair plus simplicity of maintenance. The cover has a pair of opposing frame members with ceramic fiber insulation positioned therebetween. The insulation is secured in movable engagement such as a draped and swinging engagement. In this mode, compression can be exerted against the insulation to most desirably reduce heat loss otherwise caused by heat induced ceramic fiber shrinkage. Moreover, with this structure a ceramic fiber heat seal can be achieved around edges of the soaking pit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 30, 1984
    Date of Patent: June 25, 1985
    Assignee: Eltech Systems Corporation
    Inventors: Thomas M. Miller, Raymond J. Schraff, Nicholas Labas
  • Patent number: 4473015
    Abstract: Refractory fiber blankets are made suitable for use as baffles, curtains or partitions in furnaces and other high temperature equipment by reinforcement fabric woven from high temperature refractory fiber yarn. The curtains so formed are easily installed and replaced. The curtains exhibit insulation characteristics suitable for use at elevated (2200.degree. F. and above) temperatures and capabilities of resisting damage from impact by the furnace load or manipulators of such a load.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 30, 1981
    Date of Patent: September 25, 1984
    Assignee: J. T. Thorpe Company
    Inventor: Mack A. Hounsel
  • Patent number: 4463689
    Abstract: A suspended nose construction for high temperature furnaces providing refractory replacement from the cold side of the refractory has a plurality of wedge-shaped refractories arranged to form a wedge row along the length of the nose adjacent, on at least one side, a plurality of rectangular-shaped refractories arranged to form a straight row along the length of the nose. The converging sides of the wedge-shaped refractories converge toward the cold side of the refractory. Both the wedge refractories and the rectangular refractories are suspended in pairs by suspension means from an exterior support structure, the suspension means and support structure providing space allowing removal of the refractories in pairs from the cold side of the nose construction. The suspended nose construction according to this invention provides for removal and replacement of a small number of refractories in the nose without disturbing the major portion of the nose construction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 7, 1982
    Date of Patent: August 7, 1984
    Assignee: Merkle Engineers, Inc.
    Inventor: Barry R. James
  • Patent number: 4421480
    Abstract: An improved ceiling beam construction for a heating furnace in which ceiling beams having closed cross sections are adopted for utilizing the interior of the beams as ducts for passing gases through them so as to reduce spaces required for installing separate gas ducts, with a consequent decrease in the number of duct supporting fittings or fixtures.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 28, 1981
    Date of Patent: December 20, 1983
    Assignees: Chugai Ro. Kogyo Co., Ltd., Nippon Steel Corp.
    Inventors: Tetsuya Tokitsu, Saburo Harada, Jiro Yamasaki, Akihiro Nakama
  • Patent number: 4413572
    Abstract: The brackets connecting the furnace roof support beams to the buckstays of an open hearth furnace sidewall are reversible to provide for vertical shifting of the furnace roof support structure. The support brackets comprise a pair of symmetrical bracket pieces each having two generally vertically aligned sidewall connection points, and a support beam connection point vertically offset from the centerpoint defined by the sidewall connection points, such that the elevation of the support beam connection point is shifted when the vertical orientation of the sidewall connection points is reversed. The elevation of the roof support structure is thereby easily shifted, and refractory blocks of differing longitudinal lengths may therefore readily be incorporated into the furnace roof structure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 7, 1983
    Date of Patent: November 8, 1983
    Assignee: George P. Reintjes Company, Inc.
    Inventor: John J. Musser
  • Patent number: 4411621
    Abstract: A forge furnace chamber has rear, side and top walls each defined by an expanded sheet metal member and U-shaped mats of ceramic fiber insulating material supported thereon. First ones of the U-shaped mats have the closed ends thereof abutting the corresponding expanded sheet metal member with the legs of each mat extending inwardly of the chamber, and second ones of the mats have their closed ends facing inwardly of the chamber with the legs of each mat receiving the adjacent legs of an adjacent pair of the first mats therebetween, whereby the closed ends of the second mats extend across the inner ends of the adjacent legs of the first mats. The interleaved mats of insulating material are supported on the corresponding expanded sheet metal member by metal rods extending between the legs of the first mats adjacent the closed ends thereof and wire ties fastening the rods to the expanded sheet metal member.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 16, 1981
    Date of Patent: October 25, 1983
    Inventor: Thomas M. Miller
  • Patent number: 4323718
    Abstract: The invention relates to an arc furnace roof. The roof is comprised of a metal cover which is bolt-connected to the furnace shell. Secured to the lower side of the cover is a plurality of shackle hooks, each of said shackle hooks having an anchor bolt hooked therein. The metal cover has a first layer of insulating concrete applied to its lower side and a second layer of refractory concrete applied to the hard first layer of insulating concrete, the two layers of insulating and refractory concrete, respectively, embedding the shackle hooks and anchor bolts.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 17, 1980
    Date of Patent: April 6, 1982
    Assignee: Hoechst Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Otto Buhring, Gerardus J. W. Dreessen, Jacob W. H. Groeneveld, Robert Queck, Heinrich Thome, Gerrit J. Willemsen
  • Patent number: 4317418
    Abstract: An anchor tile hanger for anchoring refractory brick to the roof of a furnace structure is comprised of a pair of vertically spaced apart plates having aligned cutouts in the upper edges which cutouts are adapted to engage the lower horizontal portion of a suspended I-beam. Attached to each of the ends of the vertically aligned plates are a pair of U-shaped rods each having a bight portion turned inwardly and facing one other which are adapted to engage and anchor the refractory tile or brick. The cutouts in the vertical disposed plates include overhang portions for positioning the tile hanger about the lower horizontal portions of the I-beam and clearance areas which facilitate assembly and insection of the tile hanger about the lower horizontal portion of the I-beam.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 11, 1980
    Date of Patent: March 2, 1982
    Assignee: Plibrico Company
    Inventors: Jacob B. Courshon, Jr., Nicholas G. Rutkay
  • Patent number: 4287839
    Abstract: The invention relates to an apparatus for lining the inner walls of industrial furnaces with a plurality of insulating blocks, each block comprising an insulating mat which is folded in corrugated manner and possibly stitched in this shape, the insulating mats being made of highly heat-resistant material, especially ceramic fibrous material, with carrying elements arranged on the outside of the corrugations, the carrying elements being equipped on the outside of the insulating blocks with fixing means to allow each individual insulating block to be fixed to the furnace wall.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 30, 1979
    Date of Patent: September 8, 1981
    Assignee: Uhde GmbH
    Inventors: Manfred Severin, Hans-Dieter Marsch
  • Patent number: 4253410
    Abstract: A refractory brickwork wall having an opening therethrough has incorporated therein, at a position above the opening, a relief brickwork configuration in the form of a gable or roof. The relief brickwork includes a plurality of relief bricks each having an upper inclined surface, a lower inclined surface and a lower, generally horizontal step surface. The relief bricks are arranged one above the other in an inclined formation with the lower inclined surface of the upper relief brick of each pair of adjacent relief bricks resting on the upper inclined surface of the lower relief brick of such pair of adjacent relief bricks, and with the upper relief brick of each pair of adjacent relief bricks being partially offset in a horizontal direction from the lower relief brick of such pair of adjacent relief bricks.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 5, 1979
    Date of Patent: March 3, 1981
    Assignee: Didier-Werke AG
    Inventors: Walter Laux, Martin Zettel, Erich Ambrosius
  • Patent number: 4132852
    Abstract: A roof in which beams-headers rest on a roof ring and carry loop-shaped tubes suspended from and coupled with the said beams-headers which are running transversely to the framework tubes. Welded edgewisely to the top generatrices of the tubes are metal straps with bricks placed at least in one layer in rows therebetween. The brick end portions rest on the adjacent tubes, so that the brick in each row are disposed with a clearance sufficient to enable thermal expansion of the brick both vertically and horizontally when heated.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 16, 1977
    Date of Patent: January 2, 1979
    Inventors: Sergei M. Andoniev, Lev D. Gritsuk, Anatoly S. Gorbik, Viktor V. Kurganov, Nikolai P. Oleinik, Grigory I. Rivlin, Nikolai V. Stetsenko, Jury P. Shamil, Jury G. Smetanin, Petr S. Nesterenko
  • Patent number: 4122642
    Abstract: A lining block for lining the wall of a kiln furnace or the like according to one aspect of the present invention consists of a body of a refractory material having a passage extending from its inner face to its outer face and an anchor plate secured with respect to the refractory body and being accessible by way of said passage so that it may be secured with respect to the wall of the kiln or furnace to secure the lining block in position. A refractory lined chamber according to the present invention has a metallic wall and a plurality of lining blocks each having anchor plates welded to the metallic wall. The method of forming a refractory lining in the chamber having a metallic wall comprises the steps of; forming a plurality of lining blocks as described above and securing the anchor plates of the lining blocks with respect to the metallic wall by way of the through passage and filling the through passage with refractory material to form a continuous refractory lining chamber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 14, 1977
    Date of Patent: October 31, 1978
    Assignee: Plibrico (Canada) Limited
    Inventor: James P. Buchy
  • Patent number: 4095935
    Abstract: An improved furnace design for carrying out the catalytic steam reforming of hydrocarbons, including an air delivery and burner system which extends across the top of the furnace. The air delivery system includes a plurality of air ducts each forming a plenum arch, with the arches being suspended between their respective ends as they span the top of the furnace. Burners, for providing heat to the radiant section of the furnace, are spaced within each of such arches and extend into the furnace. Further, the plenum arches provide a supporing structure for the insulation forming the top the radiant section of the furnace.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 23, 1976
    Date of Patent: June 20, 1978
    Assignee: Pullman Incorporated
    Inventors: Denis A. Menegaz, Elmars Blumenaus, Richard Estile H. Ray
  • Patent number: 4083155
    Abstract: A free standing thermal enclosure for use as part of an oven, furnace or refrigeration system, including a plurality of adjoining insulating walls and a ceiling spaced inwardly from and supported by an open skeletal framework. The walls and ceiling are formed by interlocking, non-structural pads of a pliant, low density, insulating material that can be made of interlaced ceramic fibers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 14, 1977
    Date of Patent: April 11, 1978
    Inventor: Albert J. Lampert
  • Patent number: 4081236
    Abstract: A kiln roof which is formed of a plurality of concrete panels slightly spaced to allow for expansion, each panel being suspended by suspension devices having anchors embedded in the panel, the roof being produced by casting in situ a refractory concrete and producing the separate panels by means of partitioning or inducing cracking.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 14, 1976
    Date of Patent: March 28, 1978
    Assignee: Butterley Building Materials Limited
    Inventor: James Trail Sinclair Corbett