Charge-mixing Device In Intake (e.g., Device Which Insures The Atomization Of The Combustible Mixture) Patents (Class 123/590)
  • Patent number: 11255304
    Abstract: An article of manufacture for providing an automobile turbocharging fitting is disclosed. A turbo fitting is a funnel shaped device that is attached to an outgoing airflow port of an air filter intake enclosure and secured into an air flow line running to the input to a throttle body of an internal combustion engine. The inner diameter of the turbo fitting is reduced from its width at the air filter enclosure to its exit diameter in the air flow line. Air directional devices, which may be raised tabs or grooves, running the length of the inner surface of the turbo fitting. These air directional devices are oriented in a clockwise direction when viewed into the turbo fitting from the air filter enclosure end.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 5, 2020
    Date of Patent: February 22, 2022
    Inventor: Sergey Setlonok
  • Patent number: 11143148
    Abstract: An air reactivator includes a plurality of first ribs, a plurality of second ribs, a plurality of diffusion members, and a plurality of air passages. Each of the first ribs has a first top face and a first bottom face and two first inclined faces. Each of the second ribs has a second top face and a second bottom face and two second inclined faces. The diffusion members are defined at connections of the first ribs and the second ribs. Each of the diffusion members has a projection and a third bottom face and a recessed portion. Each of the air passages is defined between the first inclined face, the second inclined face, and the recessed portion. The first ribs, the second ribs, and the diffusion members are made of a mixture of far infrared emitting material and polymer material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 6, 2019
    Date of Patent: October 12, 2021
    Inventor: Tung-Sen Chen
  • Patent number: 11098682
    Abstract: An intake system of engine comprises an intake pipe (8), an air intake manifold (6), and an auxiliary intake assembly (4) disposed on the intake pipe (8) and located before the air intake manifold (6) of an engine. The auxiliary intake assembly (4) comprises an auxiliary air inlet passage, an auxiliary air outlet passage (21), and a central passage (39). Air enters through the auxiliary air inlet passage, comes out from the auxiliary air outlet passage (21) and enters the central passage (39), so as to be mixed with air from the intake pipe (8). The present invention further relates to an engine intake system, comprising an electronic booster (4?) located upstream of the air intake manifold (6) of an engine. An air flow enters from an air inlet (4241?), flows out from an air outlet (4242?), is mixed with air that flows through the intake pipe (8), and then is inhaled into a cylinder of the engine. The present invention further relates to a engines comprising the above intake systems.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 22, 2015
    Date of Patent: August 24, 2021
    Assignee: SHANGHAI QINGCHE AUTOMOTIVE ENGINEERING CO., LTD
    Inventor: Yun Zhao
  • Patent number: 10989122
    Abstract: A dual-fuel fuel injection system for an internal combustion engine has a liquid fuel injection branch and a gas fuel injection branch, in which a gas injector assembly that is controllable via a control fluid is situated. The liquid fuel forms the control fluid of the gas injector assembly.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 21, 2017
    Date of Patent: April 27, 2021
    Assignee: Woodward L'Orange GmbH
    Inventors: Ingmar Berger, Hartmut Schneider
  • Patent number: 10954900
    Abstract: An elastic connecting support for arrangement between a combustion engine and an air filter of a handheld work apparatus is disclosed. The connecting support has a first channel for largely fuel-free air and a second channel for a fuel/air mixture. The connecting support is realized as a single piece, and has, on a first side, an engine connecting flange, at which the first and second channel end, for connection to the combustion engine. The first channel has a first peripheral wall and the second channel has a second peripheral wall. The first peripheral wall and the second peripheral wall are arranged at a distance in relation to each other in a longitudinal section of the connecting support. The channels extend from the first side to a second side of the connecting support. On the second side, the first channel and the second channel end at a common connecting flange.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 15, 2019
    Date of Patent: March 23, 2021
    Assignee: Andreas Stihl AG & Co. KG
    Inventor: Daniel Martin
  • Patent number: 10119503
    Abstract: Methods and systems are provided for a vacuum generating device. In one example, a vacuum generating device comprises a venturi device upstream of an annular fixture for adjusting an amount of vacuum provided to a vacuum consumption device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 25, 2016
    Date of Patent: November 6, 2018
    Assignee: Ford Global Technologies, LLC
    Inventors: Xiaogang Zhang, Jianwen James Yi
  • Patent number: 10119444
    Abstract: Exhaust temperature management strategies for an opposed-piston, two-stroke engine with EGR are based on control of a ratio of the mass of fresh air and external EGR delivered to a cylinder to the mass of the trapped charge (density of the delivered charge multiplied by the trapped volume at port closing).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 19, 2013
    Date of Patent: November 6, 2018
    Assignee: ACHATES POWER, INC.
    Inventors: Christopher J. Kalebjian, Suramya D. Naik, Fabien G. Redon
  • Patent number: 10094353
    Abstract: A throttle body fuel injection system and method that is arranged to easily replace four-barrel carburetors includes a throttle body assembly with four main bores, each with a throttle plate and an associated fuel injector. Each injector feeds fuel into a circular fuel distribution ring via a fuel injection conduit, which introduces pressurized fuel into the air stream. The fuel distribution rings and bores have profiles that avoid constrictions for to prevent low pressure zones according to the Venturi effect. Fuel is injected through downward-facing outlets at or near the bottom end of the rings. The fuel injection rings are two-piece, each formed of an insert pressed into an outer housing. The insert includes axial grooves intervaled about its exterior circumference of insert that are joined by a circumferential groove formed about the insert. The grooves are in fluid communication with a conduit that supplies fuel from a fuel injector.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 11, 2012
    Date of Patent: October 9, 2018
    Assignee: MSD, LLC
    Inventors: Richard Kirk Bennett, Douglas David Webber
  • Patent number: 10086332
    Abstract: Methods and systems are provided for a mixer. In one example, a system may include a mixer with three separate portions, each portion comprising a plurality of misaligned perforations.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 7, 2015
    Date of Patent: October 2, 2018
    Assignee: Ford Global Technologies, LLC
    Inventor: Xiaogang Zhang
  • Patent number: 9970654
    Abstract: The purpose of the present invention is to provide a combustion device for improving a turndown ratio, which is capable of stably implementing a combusted state in a low-output load region by improving a turndown ratio of a burner. To this end, the present invention provides the combustion device having a premixing chamber (300) which is connected to an air supply tube (100) and a gas supply tube (200), and which has a space for premixing air and gas provided therein, wherein the space for premixing the air and gas supplied from the air supply tube (100) and the gas supply tube (200) is divided into multiple stages of a venturi structure in the premixing chamber (300), and the discharging direction of the gas discharged inside the premixing chamber (300) through the gas supply tube (200) is formed in parallel to the flow direction of the gas supplied inside the premixing chamber (300) through the air supply tube (100).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 15, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 15, 2018
    Assignee: KYUNGDONG NAVIEN CO., LTD
    Inventors: Hyoung Rae Kim, Seung Kil Son
  • Patent number: 9938940
    Abstract: An intake manifold assembly has one or more shells coupled together and coupled to a cover. When the manifold cover, or other exterior surface, is rounded, the manifold does not sit stably on a flat surface when the rounded surface is placed onto the flat surface. The manifold may roll off a table and be damaged. To mitigate such situation, the rounded surface is provided with at least two standoffs extending outwardly from a surface of the cover with distal ends of the standoffs substantially lying in a common plane. The standoffs have a central axis and the standoffs extend outwardly from the surface along the central axis at least as far as any other feature of the intake manifold assembly.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 21, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 10, 2018
    Assignee: Ford Global Technologies, LLC
    Inventors: David Born, John Carl Lohr
  • Patent number: 9915191
    Abstract: An intake manifold is provided that controls swirl on entry to a combustion chamber. Each intake manifold includes a fin or rib portion positioned to reduce or eliminate swirl induced by the configuration of the intake manifold, particularly when used in a large engine having a left bank and a right bank of combustion chambers. By controlling swirl induced by the intake manifold, swirl consistency is improved between engine cylinders and between the left bank and the right bank, improving the consistency of power output and reducing emissions, particularly particulate emissions, also called smoke.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 9, 2017
    Date of Patent: March 13, 2018
    Assignee: CUMMINS INC.
    Inventors: Paul Douglas Free, Jason Robert Griffin, Alex Edward Priestley, Stephen Sunadh Gidla, Peter Vinson Woon, Joseph Scot Roederer
  • Patent number: 9644576
    Abstract: An exhaust gas feed device for an internal combustion engine includes an exhaust gas recirculation duct comprising an end, an outlet, and an outflow cross-section. An air intake duct opens into the exhaust gas recirculation duct. A flow-guiding element is arranged in and at the end of the exhaust gas recirculation duct. An exhaust gas recirculation valve comprises a regulator body. The regulator body is configured to control the outflow cross-section. A valve seat is arranged at the outlet at the end of the exhaust gas recirculation duct in which the flow-guiding element is arranged. The valve seat is configured to limit the outflow cross-section of the exhaust gas recirculation duct.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 22, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 9, 2017
    Assignee: PIERBURG GMBH
    Inventors: Christian Antoni, Bernhard Bronischewski, Wolfgang Kohnen
  • Patent number: 9631549
    Abstract: In a fuel injection spray pattern for an opposed piston engine, the individual spray plumes have both radial and tangential components with respect to an injection axis (102, 114, 121), which adds a swirl component to a spray pattern of fuel directly injected into the combustion chamber of the opposed piston engine.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 18, 2013
    Date of Patent: April 25, 2017
    Assignee: ACHATES POWER, INC.
    Inventors: Neerav Abani, Clark A. Klyza, Fabien G. Redon
  • Patent number: 9587587
    Abstract: A pressure reducing device is disclosed for use with a gaseous fuel system. The pressure reducing device may include a body defining an inlet and an outlet, and a converging-diverging nozzle formed between the inlet and the outlet. The pressure reducing device may further include a shockwave inducing element disposed within the body between the venture and the outlet, and an airfoil located inside the body upstream of the shockwave inducing element and connected to move the shockwave inducing element.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 24, 2014
    Date of Patent: March 7, 2017
    Assignee: Electro-Motive Diesel, Inc.
    Inventors: Aaron Gamache Foege, Emma Kathleen Kaiser
  • Patent number: 9506432
    Abstract: A sealing device that is capable of suppressing the generation of unusual noise by guiding a gas flow and suppressing the generation of unusual noise caused by resonance between the gas flow and a pipe. An intake noise reduction portion (20) includes a flow-guiding net portion (21) for guiding a gas flowing in an intake pipe, an annular frame body portion (22) for supporting the flow-guiding net portion (21), a cylindrical portion (23) that extends from the frame body portion (22) in a direction in which the pipe extends, and is fitted into an inner circumferential surface of a second pipe (220) and a flange portion (24) that extends from an end portion of the cylindrical portion (23) toward an outer circumferential surface side, and is disposed in a space between an end surface of a first pipe (210) and an end surface of the second pipe (220). A gasket portion (10) is provided on both surfaces of the flange portion (24).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 28, 2014
    Date of Patent: November 29, 2016
    Assignee: NOK CORPORATION
    Inventors: Masahiko Inoue, Tomonari Saito, Yasushi Sasaki
  • Patent number: 9464606
    Abstract: A handheld work apparatus has at least one tool which is driven by a combustion engine. A portion of an intake channel of the combustion engine is formed by an elastic connecting piece which has a first section and a second section between which an expansion fold is arranged. The expansion fold has a first side wall and a second side wall arranged downstream of the first side wall. A peripheral wall, which extends in the region of the largest outside diameter (a) of the expansion fold, is arranged in flow direction between the first side wall and the second side wall. The connecting piece has a stop for the expansion fold which prevents a segment of the first side wall adjoining the peripheral wall from bearing against the second side wall.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 28, 2014
    Date of Patent: October 11, 2016
    Assignee: Andreas Stihl AG & Co. KG
    Inventors: Sebastian Friedrich, Jens Knauss, Christian Schmidt, Daniel Diepolder, Christina Escher, Andreas Lingen, Juergen Bernert
  • Patent number: 9410464
    Abstract: An aftertreatment system may include an exhaust pipe and a mixing pipe. The exhaust pipe may receive exhaust gas from an engine and may include a first portion defining a first longitudinal axis and a second portion defining a second longitudinal axis that is angled relative to the first axis. The mixing pipe may be disposed in the exhaust pipe and may include a tubular portion and a collar extending radially outward from the tubular portion. The tubular portion may include a plurality of openings and a plurality of deflectors. The plurality of openings may extend through inner and outer diametrical surfaces of the tubular portion. Each of the plurality of deflectors may be disposed adjacent a corresponding one of the plurality of openings.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 6, 2013
    Date of Patent: August 9, 2016
    Assignee: Tenneco Automotive Operating Company Inc.
    Inventors: Joshua Hicks, Ryan A. Floyd, Manoj K. Sampath
  • Patent number: 9272615
    Abstract: A fuel intake system for supplying an internal combustion engine with a fuel vapor/air mixture without the use of a carburetor or fuel injectors. The fuel intake system includes a tank holding fuel and an evaporated fuel vapor. An air inlet tube and a vapor outlet tube are coupled to the tank. A vapor conditioner is coupled between the vapor outlet tube and the engine. The vapor conditioner has a vapor conditioner throttle body with a butterfly valve. The vapor conditioner regulates the fuel vapor/air mixture by selective positioning of the butterfly valve.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 7, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 1, 2016
    Inventor: David D. Cady
  • Patent number: 9206912
    Abstract: A fan air modulating valve (FAMV) employs a pair of doors rotatably attached at the fan bypass air exit of a precooler. An actuator engages the doors for simultaneous rotation through a range of motion from a first closed position to a second open position, wherein trailing edges of said doors sealingly engage an exit plenum extending from the precooler in the first closed position and fan bypass air flow is modulated by positioning the doors within the range of motion between the first and second positions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 23, 2013
    Date of Patent: December 8, 2015
    Assignee: The Boeing Company
    Inventors: Eric G. Landre, David W. Foutch
  • Patent number: 9032937
    Abstract: A fuel air mixer includes a fuel air mixing tube having an inlet, an outlet, and an inlet inner diameter. A collar is attached at the mixing tube inlet and includes a first cylindrical portion upstream of the mixing tube inlet, and a body portion encircling the mixing tube at the mixing tube inlet and forming a fuel reservoir around the mixing tube inlet. The first cylindrical portion is spaced from the mixing tube inlet to create a gap placing the fuel reservoir in fluid communication with the mixing tube inlet. The first cylindrical portion has an inner diameter that is smaller than the inlet inner diameter so air flowing through the first cylindrical portion and into the mixing tube inlet draws gaseous fuel from the fuel reservoir into the mixing tube through the gap.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 28, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 19, 2015
    Assignee: Caterpillar Inc.
    Inventors: Aaron C. Luft, Jordan P. Gilsinger
  • Patent number: 9010295
    Abstract: An intake system for an internal combustion engine, having a structure in which blow-by oil and/or fuel entering into an air cleaner case can be discharged to the outside of the air cleaner case. The intake system for an internal combustion engine is provided in which air is sucked from a clean air chamber in the air cleaner case into a throttle body provided with a throttle valve through a funnel while defining an airflow passage. Concurrently, fuel is sprayed from an injector, thereby feeding the fuel-air mixture into an intake port. A bypass passage different from the airflow passage is provided between the clean air chamber in the air cleaner case and the throttle body. The bypass passage is so structured that a passage inlet thereof on the clean air chamber side opens at an inner wall surface of the air cleaner case.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 27, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 21, 2015
    Assignee: Honda Motor Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Naoto Yamagishi, Masakazu Tanaka
  • Patent number: 8997722
    Abstract: A tunable throttle plate for customizing fuel delivery to a supercharged engine includes a plate that may be coupled to intake manifold of an engine. A fuel aperture extends through the plate. A spray rod is coupled to the fuel aperture. A fuel nozzle is coupled to the spray rod. The fuel nozzle delivers a fuel to the plate through the spray rod. A solenoid is coupled to the fuel nozzle. The solenoid is coupled to a fuel source so the solenoid delivers the fuel to the fuel nozzle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 16, 2013
    Date of Patent: April 7, 2015
    Inventor: Russell D. Fowler
  • Patent number: 8997721
    Abstract: An intake apparatus of an engine provided with a fuel supply device for supplying fuel into an intake passage. A guide body is disposed in the intake passage located downstream from the fuel supply device, and the guide body may have at least one hole. The volume ratio of the guide body relative to the intake passage range and the volume ratio of the total holes relative to the guide body are ranged in the preferable volume percent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 12, 2013
    Date of Patent: April 7, 2015
    Inventor: Toshihiko Yamamoto
  • Patent number: 8991370
    Abstract: An intake apparatus of an engine provided with a fuel supplying device for supplying fuel into an intake passage, includes: a guide body having multiple holes disposed in the intake passage located downstream from the fuel supplying device. The guide body has a stepped portion extending in a direction intersecting with a direction of a flow of intake air.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 17, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 31, 2015
    Inventor: Toshihiko Yamamoto
  • Patent number: 8960171
    Abstract: A finned engine spacer is coupled in thermal communication between an intake manifold and a fluid metering device. The spacer includes a body having an upstream face, an opposed downstream face, and sides extending between the upstream and downstream faces, the sides cooperating to form an outer periphery. A bore is formed through the body from the upstream face through to the downstream face, the bore for communicating a fuel charge from the fluid metering device to the intake manifold. Fins are formed in each of the sides, and the fins extend between the bore and the outer periphery, creating a finned engine spacer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 23, 2013
    Date of Patent: February 24, 2015
    Inventor: Travis E. Sinden
  • Publication number: 20150027117
    Abstract: A lubricant delivery system for an oil consumption-type engine utilizes an atomizer to atomize lubricant obtained from a lubricant reservoir of the engine. The lubricant from the reservoir may be used to lubricate auxiliary components prior to being atomized and consumed in the combustion chamber of the engine. The atomizer can be a turbocharging device.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 25, 2013
    Publication date: January 29, 2015
    Inventor: Steven Ronald Benson
  • Publication number: 20150027423
    Abstract: A mixing valve of an exhaust-gas recirculation device of an internal combustion engine of a motor vehicle includes an intake flap and an exhaust-gas flap coupled rigidly to one another via a coupling rod. During driving of the exhaust-gas flap, the intake flap is first pivoted in the opposite direction via the coupling rod. The exhaust-gas flap and intake flap are pivoted in the same direction only above a provided pivoting angle.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 26, 2013
    Publication date: January 29, 2015
    Inventor: Christian Weis
  • Patent number: 8942911
    Abstract: A control system for a vehicle includes an error detection module and a remedial control module. The error detection module detects whether an accelerator of the vehicle is stuck is based on vehicle speed, a position of the accelerator, and one of a pressure applied to a brake of the vehicle and a status of a parking brake of the vehicle. The remedial control module, when the accelerator is stuck, at least one of resets the position of the accelerator and decreases torque output of a powertrain system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 21, 2010
    Date of Patent: January 27, 2015
    Inventors: William E. Debs, Brian S. Schang, J. Oscar Aparicio, Jr., Paul A. Bauerle, Joseph E. Ploucha, Daniel G. Bolstrum
  • Patent number: 8925521
    Abstract: An adjustable restrictor device for controlling flow of induction air into an engine. The restrictor device may comprise a generally flat compact housing which is installed between a carburetor and intake manifold of an engine. The housing may have throughbores to allow air flow, which coincide in location to carburetor bores. The restrictor device may have two individual restrictors enclosed therein, each movable to positions which progressively obstruct and open the throughbores to control flow of inducted air. Each restrictor may be manually controlled in common by a rotatable control shaft. Threading of the knobs may be opposite handed, thereby enabling the restrictors to move similarly in effect as to controlling air flow but in opposite directions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 29, 2011
    Date of Patent: January 6, 2015
    Inventor: Rollin Kim Lee
  • Patent number: 8915235
    Abstract: An air exhaust mixer assembly includes an upstream intake section with an upstream elbow and a downstream elbow. A mixing tube is configured to introduce exhaust gas into the upstream intake section at a location upstream of the downstream elbow. An internal combustion engine utilizing the air exhaust mixer assembly is also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 28, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 23, 2014
    Assignee: Caterpillar Inc.
    Inventors: Aaron Luft, Jeremy Byrd, Rohan Swar, Catalin Tiru, Prasad Chodavarapu
  • Patent number: 8899214
    Abstract: A recirculation device includes an air intake duct (3) which is followed by a manifold (6), means for introducing recycled exhaust gases, for mixing same with the fresh air let in. This device is designed to inject the exhaust gases by forming two counter-rotating adjacent vortices (14, 15), owing to a twin tubular mixer nozzle (10, 11) in communication with a common exhaust gas supply duct, positioned tangentially with respect to the two nozzles, placed side by side. The two vortices (14, 15) are self-sustaining to the outlets (7) of the manifold (6). Such a recirculation device is applied, in particular, to an air intake duct (3) of oblong cross section and/or to a manifold (6) with a flattened inlet (5) and/or a flattened plenum (8), in particular for a motor vehicle engine.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 27, 2008
    Date of Patent: December 2, 2014
    Assignee: MGI Coutier
    Inventors: Pascal Guerry, Hervé Martinengo, Moïse Dominguez, Paul Ferrey
  • Patent number: 8881712
    Abstract: In one aspect a mixing tube is provided for the introduction of a flow of exhaust gas into a flow of intake air of an internal combustion engine. The mixing tube comprises an opening, tube section, and a plurality of tube ports. The opening is configured to receive the flow of exhaust gas. The tube section is fluidly connected to the opening and extends into the flow of intake air. The tube ports on the tube section are located in low static pressure regions that are determined as intake air passes around the tube section.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 4, 2009
    Date of Patent: November 11, 2014
    Assignee: Perkins Engines Company Limited
    Inventors: Eduardo O. De Almeida, Tim Eynon, James D. Wotherspoon, Robert C. Wilkie, Timothy D. Chambers
  • Patent number: 8851053
    Abstract: A gas fuel supply apparatus is constructed to be capable of supplying any one of propane gas and butane gas to a gas engine while switching between the propane gas and the butane gas. A check valve is provided in a gas fuel supply passages corresponding to a gas canister containing the gas fuel of a low working pressure (propane gas). The check valve prevents the gas fuel of a higher working pressure (butane gas) from flowing from a downstream side of the check valve to an upstream side of the check valve.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 15, 2010
    Date of Patent: October 7, 2014
    Assignee: Honda Motor Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Shigeru Shudo, Masanori Fujinuma, Hiroaki Kojima
  • Patent number: 8833347
    Abstract: This invention relates to an automatically regulated gaseous mixer for small universal gas engine comprising a mixer body, a choker, an air inlet port, a main gas passage, a main metering jet, a mixture outlet port, a throttle valve, a gas connecting passage and an auxiliary gas passage, which is characterized in that an auxiliary gas passage is set parallel to the main gas passage and connected through a vertical gas passage. Its top end is linked to the main gas passage and the lower end is connected with the auxiliary gas passage, one end of the auxiliary passage is connected with the mixture outlet port. The shaft of throttle valve is in line with auxiliary gas passage and is extended into the auxiliary gas passage to form an automatically regulated valve. The advantages of this invention are simple and compact; practical and reliable.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 8, 2011
    Date of Patent: September 16, 2014
    Inventors: Huachang Yang, Hao Wu
  • Publication number: 20140209075
    Abstract: A fuel air mixer includes a fuel air mixing tube having an inlet, an outlet, and an inlet inner diameter. A collar is attached at the mixing tube inlet and includes a first cylindrical portion upstream of the mixing tube inlet, and a body portion encircling the mixing tube at the mixing tube inlet and forming a fuel reservoir around the mixing tube inlet. The first cylindrical portion is spaced from the mixing tube inlet to create a gap placing the fuel reservoir in fluid communication with the mixing tube inlet. The first cylindrical portion has an inner diameter that is smaller than the inlet inner diameter so air flowing through the first cylindrical portion and into the mixing tube inlet draws gaseous fuel from the fuel reservoir into the mixing tube through the gap.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 28, 2013
    Publication date: July 31, 2014
    Applicant: CATERPILLAR INC.
    Inventors: Aaron C. Luft, Jordan P. Gilsinger
  • Patent number: 8783229
    Abstract: A gaseous fuel internal combustion engine includes an engine housing defining at least one cylinder, and an intake housing defining an intake passage fluidly connecting with the at least one cylinder. The engine includes a gaseous fuel delivery mechanism coupled with the engine housing and a distributed ignition promoting mechanism having a bead presentation device extending into the intake passage and configured to present a liquid bead of distributed ignition promoting material therein such as engine lubricating oil. During operation, gases passing through the intake passage dislodge the liquid bead from the bead presentation device and carry the distributed ignition promoting material into the cylinder for distributively igniting therein a mixture containing a gaseous fuel, air and the distributed ignition promoting material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 7, 2010
    Date of Patent: July 22, 2014
    Assignee: Caterpillar Inc.
    Inventors: Hoisan Kim, Mark Sommars, Martin Willi, Scott Fiveland
  • Patent number: 8757133
    Abstract: A gaseous fuel mixer for an internal combustion engine includes a mixer body and a mixer element supported in a mixer passage formed in the mixer body. The gaseous fuel mixer attaches to an intake manifold at a first end and receives intake air at a second end. A distal end of the mixer element accepts gaseous fuel from a manifold passage extending from a port positioned in the intake manifold. The gaseous fuel flows through the mixer element and then through a plurality of openings formed in an exposed proximate end of the mixer element. The gaseous fuel mixes with the intake air, and the mixture of intake air and gaseous fuel flows from the second end of the mixer body to the first end of the mixer body and then to the intake manifold.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 27, 2012
    Date of Patent: June 24, 2014
    Assignee: Cummins Intellectual Property, Inc.
    Inventors: Jason Czapka, Edward J. Lyford-Pike
  • Patent number: 8682512
    Abstract: A method includes determining a plurality of characteristic profiles associated with a mobile asset moving from a first operating point to a second operating point along a predefined path. The method further includes determining a fuel combustion ratio of the plurality of the fuels associated with at least one engine cylinder of the mobile asset based on the plurality of characteristic profiles so as to maintain a plurality of actual values associated with usage of the plurality of fuels to less than or equal to predefined corresponding threshold values. The method also includes controlling a fuel delivery system of the mobile asset so as to deliver the plurality of fuels to the at least one engine cylinder based on the fuel combustion ratio.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 16, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 25, 2014
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventor: Daniel George Norton
  • Publication number: 20140000571
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a system and method for providing fuel to internal combustion engines including fuel activation prior to injection. The method carried out by the system comprises dissolving a mixture of gasses providing improved fuel dispersing after fuel injection into a combustion chamber. Dissolved gasses desorption is stimulated from a unsaturated fuel solution. Full control of fuel flows with dissolved gas/gasses to and from injectors and FET technology based on Henry's law (dissolving gasses in the liquids) and Kelvin principle (vapor pressure over droplet surface). The system consists of compact components, including exhaust gasses recirculation system which can be easily added to existing diesel and gasoline engine fuel supply systems. The method and system were tested with four different types of engines and provides fuel economy in 12-20% decrease of emissions and up to 25% at variable engine loads and significantly at engine cold start.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 18, 2013
    Publication date: January 2, 2014
    Inventors: Victor Gurin, Igor Gachik, Serguei Permiakov, Roman Press, Leonid Faynberg, Aleksandr Reshetnyak
  • Patent number: 8607757
    Abstract: An intake manifold capable of being connected with a throttle valve apparatus includes a conducting pipe defining an air intake pathway therein, a surge tank for receiving air flowing from the throttle valve apparatus through the air intake pathway, and a noise prevention net placed within a half of a cross section of the air intake pathway. The noise prevention net has a net portion for reducing noise volume and defines at least one opening outside of the net portion in a radial direction in the cross section of the air intake pathway such that the opening is positioned along or near an inner wall of the conducting pipe.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 9, 2010
    Date of Patent: December 17, 2013
    Assignee: Aisan Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Kenji Kusuda, Hironori Tanikawa
  • Patent number: 8602012
    Abstract: A car engine air-intake unit has a round main body. The main body has airflow guides and airflow guiding plates to guide air flowing into the intake tube to rotate, and blades are provided which protrude out of the main body and extend from the airflow guiding plates to increase the rotating angle and stroke of the guided air flow. The intake unit can be used in cooperation with any of various specific air-intake tubes, and can be assembled and adjusted to support different air intake amounts and any of various air-intake tubes of different bores, and thus offers convenience of use.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 4, 2010
    Date of Patent: December 10, 2013
    Inventor: Chung-Yu Yang
  • Publication number: 20130312699
    Abstract: Many IC engine inefficiencies are linked to the relatively low mixture formation rates of current injection methods. Process intensification (PI) is excellent at high mixture formation rates, high mass transfer rates, and short residence times, therefore a wall integrated injection method and device featuring PI has been provided. It allows increased number of injection sites and interfacial surface area between fluid jets and the volume of the squash area, hence high mixture formation rates shorter Liquid Lengths and the use of micro nozzles to further intensify the mixing process by locally mixing fuel and oxidant. This allows high EGR and low compression ratios and better control of HCCI start of ignition. PI effectively achieves thermo and species stratification for extending the load range of the HCCI engine while permitting effective water addition for reciprocating and turbine for lower exhaust heat and less fuel burned hence less CO2 emissions.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 4, 2012
    Publication date: November 28, 2013
    Inventor: Enock N Segawa
  • Patent number: 8584659
    Abstract: An ultrasonic fuel/power enhancer for producing sound and ultrasound at different wind speeds and conditions is provided. The enhancer is mountable in an air intake of a vehicle with the vehicle having a predetermined number of cylinders and each cylinder having a combustion chamber. The enhancer comprises at least one band and at least one tubular whistle. A whistle connection mechanism is wrapped around the whistle with the whistle connection mechanism having at least one band receiving aperture and the band insertable through one of the band receiving apertures. At least one stabilizing tab is mounted to the whistle connection mechanism wherein the whistle is shaped and designed to produce sonic and ultrasonic sounds thereby atomizing gas droplets being supplied to the combustion chamber of each cylinder.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 2, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 19, 2013
    Inventor: Kenneth Livingston
  • Patent number: 8555866
    Abstract: An injection gate (44,144,244,344) for high pressure, high velocity secondary fluid for admixture of an atomized spray (80,180) thereof with another or primary fluid that atomizes the other fluid. The secondary fluid may be an accelerant and the primary fluid may be a low pressure fuel/air mixture in a fuel injection arrangement for an internal combustion engine. An injection billet (10,110,210,310) for an engine is interposed between the carburetor (12) and the manifold (14), with an array of such injection gates (44,244,344) paired with an array of fuel/air gates (34,234,334) about an aperture coinciding with a throttle bore (60,160,260,360) and evenly balancing the spray about the throttle bore, creating a halo effect of atomized admixture of accelerant/fuel. The injection of accelerant is directed sharply downwardly toward the center of the bore and through the injected fuel stream, atomizing the fuel thereof for a high efficiency boost of horsepower.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 3, 2008
    Date of Patent: October 15, 2013
    Inventors: David Acker, Steven Wilson, James Hobensack
  • Patent number: 8544440
    Abstract: A marine vessel propulsion device includes an engine, an intake pathway which has a gas flow hole in the inner surface thereof and is arranged to supply air to the engine, and an air restrictor disposed on the upstream side with respect to the gas flow hole of the intake pathway. The air restrictor has a vent hole, and is arranged to restrict the amount of air to flow into the engine via the intake pathway. The vent hole of the air restrictor is arranged at a position which is near the inner surface of the intake pathway and corresponds to the gas flow hole.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 15, 2009
    Date of Patent: October 1, 2013
    Assignee: Yamaha Hatsudoki Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventor: Eiichi Hirose
  • Patent number: 8495990
    Abstract: A pre-injection fuel atomization system for a combustion engine that reduces droplet size of incoming fuel at air intake, creating an aerosol that is injected by fuel injectors into the combustion chambers. The system uses a vibrating crystal in a transducer, the vibrations atomizing the fuel into an aerosol. The droplet size is reduced to around 0.1 microns, providing more surface area available for fast surface combustion. The fuel droplets are maintained in a stoichiometric ratio to oxygen in the air so that burning is complete and clean.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 13, 2013
    Date of Patent: July 30, 2013
    Inventors: Joey Rivera, Neal Branstetter
  • Patent number: 8453617
    Abstract: One embodiment of a device and method for controlling or restricting the air-fuel mixture into an internal combustion engine having a body member rigidly mounted between the air-fuel metering device and the engine intake, a slidably insertable restrictor plate, and a retaining and sealing cover. The body member may contain a single spacer or two spacers and may contain either a slot or a groove that communicates with the plate. The plate may contain a plurality of bore holes and multiple distinct plates can be made in order to achieve various and linear amounts of restriction. The plate can be easily and quickly changed depending on the amount of restriction desired. One or more embodiments of the device can be used on engines in various motorized vehicles and in various motorsports, such as drag racing. Other embodiments are described and shown.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 16, 2010
    Date of Patent: June 4, 2013
    Inventor: Brett T. Olson
  • Patent number: 8387596
    Abstract: An injection plate assembly for an internal combustion engine that includes a manifold and carburetor or throttle body is provided for injection of a primary fuel and an accelerant into throttle bore(s) of the manifold. The injection plate assembly is adapted to be installed between the manifold and the carburetor. In order to equalize injection of both the primary fuel and the accelerant, the lower plate includes at least two fuel inlet ports that provide fuel at opposing sides of the lower plate. The upper plate includes at least two accelerant or additive inlet ports that provide accelerant to opposite sides of the upper plate, with the accelerant inlet ports being located on different sides of the injection plate assembly from the fuel inlet ports on the lower plate. To further improve flow of the accelerant to the injection gates in the upper plate, the runners in the upper plate define paths that have internal corners having a radius of 0.10 inches or greater.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 18, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 5, 2013
    Inventor: Steve Wilson
  • Patent number: 8267068
    Abstract: A countercurrent spray nozzle injects fuel into the intake manifold of an internal combustion engine to give better mixing of fuel and air. Better mixing results in less NOx and less incomplete combustion of carbon.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 1, 2009
    Date of Patent: September 18, 2012
    Inventor: David Nicholson Low