Cam Engaged Patents (Class 123/90.44)
  • Patent number: 10662832
    Abstract: The disclosure relates to a variable valve drive, in particular with a sliding cam system, for an internal combustion engine. The variable valve drive has a cam carrier which has a first and second cam and a first, second, and third engagement track. A first actuator is designed to engage into the first engagement track in order to displace the cam carrier in a first axial direction. A second actuator is designed to engage into the second engagement track in order to displace the cam carrier in a second axial direction which is opposite to the first axial direction, and to engage into the third engagement track in order to displace the cam carrier in the first axial direction. The variable valve drive can have the advantage that, even in the event of a failure of the first actuator, a displacement of the cam carrier that is normally effected by means of the first actuator is possible by means of the second actuator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 2, 2019
    Date of Patent: May 26, 2020
    Assignee: MAN TRUCK & BUS SE
    Inventors: Steffen Hirschmann, Thomas Malischewski
  • Patent number: 10641140
    Abstract: An early exhaust valve opening (EEVO) module increases a no-load engine speed so an engine can smoothly transition to driving a load when necessary. The EEVO module includes a drive piston engaging an injector rocker and a driven piston engaging an exhaust rocker. The pistons are fluidly connected by a activation fluid passage so that the drive piston compresses air in the passage when an injector cam rotates the injector rocker and causes movement of the driven gear and the exhaust rocker to open an exhaust valve to release exhaust energy during a piston expansion stroke to limit the energy transferred to a crankshaft. A low pressure timing valve may drain pressurized fluid from the passage during an initial portion of the movement of the drive piston so driven piston does not move to open the exhaust valve until a desired amount of energy has been transferred to the crankshaft.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 12, 2017
    Date of Patent: May 5, 2020
    Assignee: Caterpillar Inc.
    Inventors: Craig Phillip Hittle, David Andrew Pierpont
  • Patent number: 10132204
    Abstract: A rocker arm assembly includes an outer arm having a first outer side arm and a second outer side arm, each of the first and second outer side arms having a low lift lobe contacting surface, an inner arm having a high lift lobe contacting surface and disposed between the first and second outer side arms, the inner arm having a first end and a second end operably associated with a lash adjuster and defining a latch bore, and a latch assembly arranged at least partially within the latch bore. The latch assembly is movable between a first configuration and a second configuration. In the first configuration, the latch assembly engages the outer arm such that the outer arm rotates with the inner arm, and in the second configuration, the latch assembly disengages the outer arm such that the outer arm rotates independently from the inner arm.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 13, 2017
    Date of Patent: November 20, 2018
    Assignee: Eaton Corporation
    Inventors: James E. McCarthy, Jr., Matthew Vance
  • Patent number: 9856762
    Abstract: The invention relates to a DOHC sliding cam valve train of an internal combustion engine with a four-cylinder in-line arrangement and cylinder shutoff. One of the two camshafts has two shared cam pieces for the respective adjacent engine cylinders.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 4, 2014
    Date of Patent: January 2, 2018
    Assignee: Schaeffler Technologies AG & Co. KG
    Inventor: Helmut Engelhardt
  • Patent number: 9624980
    Abstract: A bearing device includes a bearing member provided with a circumferentially extending sliding surface and a housing holding the bearing member on an inner circumferential surface thereof. The bearing member is provided with a bearing outer peripheral surface on one side thereof facing the housing. The bearing outer peripheral surface is surface roughened. The housing is provided with a housing inner peripheral surface on one side thereof facing the bearing member. The housing inner peripheral surface is surface roughened. When a mean height Rc of a roughness curve element of either of the bearing outer peripheral surface and the housing inner peripheral surface is X ?m, the remaining other of the bearing outer peripheral surface and the housing inner peripheral surface has a material ratio Rmr (X ?m) of roughness curve being equal to or less than 10% in at least one measurement direction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 3, 2015
    Date of Patent: April 18, 2017
    Assignee: DAIDO METAL COMPANY LTD.
    Inventors: Hiromi Sonobe, Yuta Nakano
  • Patent number: 9284864
    Abstract: A switching roller finger follower, including: a housing with a first wall with a first opening, a second wall with a second opening, and an interior space at least partially formed by the walls; first and second outer arms; and a locking pin disposed in the openings and including a longitudinal axis, a body, and first and second protrusions extending radially outward from the body, formed of a same piece of material as the body, and at least one of which is located within the space. A respective portion of at least one of the first or second protrusions is aligned with the first or second wall in a direction parallel to the first longitudinal axis. The locking pin is displaceable such that: in a locked mode, the locking pin blocks pivoting of the arms; and in an unlocked mode, the locking pin is free of contact with the arms.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 28, 2014
    Date of Patent: March 15, 2016
    Assignee: Schaeffler Technologies AG & Co. KG
    Inventors: Debora Manther, Rainer Pfeufer, Matthias Kapp
  • Patent number: 9181823
    Abstract: A device for controlling at least one valve, the device comprising a body having a non-deformable cavity communicating exclusively with the outside via at least four rectilinear cylinders that are closed respectively by an opening piston (P1) actuated by an opening cam (C1), a closing piston (P2) actuated by a closing cam (C2), a shuttle piston (Pa) serving to load or unload the device, and a piston (Ps) that is mechanically connected to the valve. By adjusting the angular phase shift between the opening and closing cams (C1, C2), the control device of the invention makes it possible in operation to adjust the lift of the valve, the angular duration of the opening of the valve, and if necessary, to deactivate the valve completely throughout the duration of a cycle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 30, 2013
    Date of Patent: November 10, 2015
    Inventor: Jean Frederic Melchior
  • Patent number: 9115607
    Abstract: A dual body rocker arm comprises an outer arm, an inner arm, a substantially cylindrical pivot axle, a pivot foot and a first and second pivot foot retaining ring. The inner arm is disposed between side arms of the outer arm. The pivot axle is mounted to both the inner and outer arm. The pivot foot has a cylindrical axle interfacing surface and a valve tip interface. Retaining rings mount the pivot foot to the axle, allowing partial rotation of the pivot foot about the axle. Interfering protrusions on the retaining rings limit the range of motion of the pivot foot. A pivot foot having at least one interfering block is configured to restrict motion of the pivot foot by interfering with at least one interfering tab.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 5, 2013
    Date of Patent: August 25, 2015
    Assignee: Eaton Corporation
    Inventor: Andrew Paul Harman
  • Patent number: 9080654
    Abstract: An actuator device of a sliding cam system having at least one sliding cam and at least one engaging pin (2) projecting out from a housing (1), the housing (1) being fastenable to a component of a cylinder head or to the cylinder head of an internal combustion engine, and the engaging pin (2) being able to be contacted by at least one groove of the sliding cam system that has at least one lead-out slope, and the engaging pin (2) being spring-loaded toward the sliding cam, and, in the retracted position thereof facing the groove, the engaging pin(s) (2) or at least one component connected thereto can be secured in place by an arrestable latch device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 22, 2011
    Date of Patent: July 14, 2015
    Assignee: Schaeffler Technologies AG & Co. KG
    Inventor: Robert Heinemann
  • Patent number: 9038586
    Abstract: A durable system is disclosed for controlling variable valve actuation of an engine valve corresponding to a cylinder of an automobile engine. The system is designed to have a durability that exceeds the expected life of a conventional automobile engine. The system includes first crowned cam having a first lift profile, a second crowned cam having a second lift profile, and a rocker arm assembly. The rocker assembly includes a first arm having an end connected to said engine valve, having a high impact roller following the first crowned cam operating the engine valves according to a first lift profile. The rocker arm assembly also includes a second arm having slider pads riding on the second crowned cam to operate said engine valve according to a second lift profile. The slider pads have a sliding surface covered with an impact-resistant multilayer coating with its outermost coating being a wear-resistant coating.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 22, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 26, 2015
    Assignee: EATON CORPORATION
    Inventors: Otto Jerome Schultheis, Tony Eric Gordon, Mark Joseph Birler, Philip Michael Kline
  • Patent number: 9038588
    Abstract: A continuously variable valve lift mechanism for an internal combustion engine includes a cam, a cam follower, a valve follower, a rocker shaft, and a rocker arm. The cam follower includes a first roller driven by the cam and a second roller. The valve follower includes a driven face in contact with the second roller of the cam follower and a driving face. The rocker shaft contacts the valve follower. Rotational movement of the rocker shaft about a rocker shaft rotational axis results in movement of the driven face with respect to the second roller. The rocker arm has a pivot axis and is in contact with the driving face of the valve follower.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 3, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 26, 2015
    Assignee: Honda Motor Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Phillip Andrew Aquino
  • Patent number: 9032921
    Abstract: An engine assembly may include an engine structure defining a first combustion chamber, a first port in communication with the first combustion chamber and a second port in communication with the first combustion chamber. A first valve may be located in the first port and a second valve may be located in the second port. A first multi-step valve lift mechanism may be supported on the engine structure and engaged with the first valve. A second multi-step valve lift mechanism may be supported on the engine structure and engaged with the second valve. The first and second multi-step valve lift mechanisms may be switched between low and high lift modes independent from one another.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 7, 2010
    Date of Patent: May 19, 2015
    Assignee: GM Global Technology Operations LLC
    Inventor: Alan W. Hayman
  • Publication number: 20150128890
    Abstract: A rocker arm has a first roller for engaging a first rotatable cam surface, whereby at least part of the rocker arm can be pivoted by at least the first rotatable cam surface to move a valve to cause a first valve event, and a further roller for engaging a further rotatable cam surface, whereby at least part of the rocker arm can be pivoted by the further rotatable cam surface to move the valve to cause a second valve event which is different from the first valve event. The rocker arm is configurable in a first mode of operation in which one of the first and second valve events occur and a second mode of operation in which both the first and second valve events occur or the other of the first and second valve events occur.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 19, 2013
    Publication date: May 14, 2015
    Inventor: Majo Cecur
  • Patent number: 9009963
    Abstract: A method for joining structural elements onto a shaft may include generating at least one projection at a respective joining position on the shaft, sliding at least one of the structural elements over at least one projection and maintaining the structural elements in at least on projection.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 26, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 21, 2015
    Assignee: Mahle International GmbH
    Inventor: Lutz Grunwald
  • Patent number: 8991351
    Abstract: A roller assembly for a diesel engine used in a high mileage vehicle includes a roller having an exterior roller surface and an interior surface that defines a bore extending therethrough. A pin is positioned in the bore and defines an exterior pin surface. A plurality of rolling elements is positioned between the exterior pin surface and the roller interior surface. Each of the rolling elements rollingly engages the exterior pin surface and the roller interior surface. The roller assembly defines a clearance of between about 0.01 mm to about 0.03 mm between the rolling elements, the exterior pin surface and the interior surface. The roller assembly is configured to achieve extended life criteria wherein the clearance does not increase to more than 0.02 mm to 0.06 mm after 500,000 miles of travel of a vehicle powered by a diesel engine having the roller assembly installed therein.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 14, 2014
    Date of Patent: March 31, 2015
    Assignee: Roller Bearing Company of America, Inc.
    Inventors: Kelvin Smith, Brett Blauner
  • Patent number: 8973546
    Abstract: A lash adjuster includes a body, a plunger inserted, into the body and having a bottom wall formed with a valve hole and a peripheral wall standing from the bottom wall and having an oil passage hole, the plunger defining a high-pressure chamber between the bottom wall and the body, a partitioning member inserted into the plunger and having an oil passage end located above the oil passage hole, the partitioning member defining an oil passage between itself and the plunger peripheral wall, the partitioning member having a low-pressure chamber reserving a hydraulic fluid flowing through the oil passage hole, the oil passage and the oil passage end, the low-pressure chamber causing the reserved hydraulic fluid to flow through the valve hole into the high-pressure chamber, and a spacer interposed between the plunger peripheral wall and the partitioning member so that the partitioning member is held in the plunger.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 7, 2014
    Date of Patent: March 10, 2015
    Assignee: Otics Corporation
    Inventors: Hideki Oka, Kimihiko Todo
  • Patent number: 8960144
    Abstract: The present invention provides a variable valve mechanism of an internal combustion engine, which includes a main arm having at a rear end thereof a supported portion that is continuously supported swingably by a support member without floating upward, a sub arm which has a tip end to which a roller contacting a cam is rotatably attached, in which a center of the roller is located rearward of the pressing portion and forward of a swing center of the supported portion, which has a rear end that is swingably supported with respect to the main arm by a support pin, and in which a center of the support pin is located rearward of the center of the roller and forward of the swing center of the supported portion, and a switch pin that is inserted in a central portion of the roller.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 19, 2013
    Date of Patent: February 24, 2015
    Assignee: Otics Corporation
    Inventors: Naoki Hiramatsu, Koki Yamaguchi, Akira Sugiura, Takayuki Maezako
  • Patent number: 8960145
    Abstract: A valve gear operates an intake valve for a plurality of cylinders. The valve gear includes a driving cam shaft that rotates with an engine crankshaft, a driven member operated by a driving cam of the driving cam shaft, a pivot member which pivots in association with movement of the driven member causing the intake valve to reciprocate, and a valve gear case accommodating the cam shaft, the driven member, the pivot member, and a control shaft. The valve gear case mounts to an intake-side part of a cylinder head, and includes end wall portions at both ends in a longitudinal direction, an inter-cylinder wall portion, and connection wall portions connecting the end wall portions and the inter-cylinder wall portion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 29, 2011
    Date of Patent: February 24, 2015
    Assignee: Kawasaki Jukogyo Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventor: Satoaki Ichi
  • Patent number: 8955481
    Abstract: A switchable roller finger follower is provided having an inner lever and two separate outer arms mounted at one end to a swing pivot axle that extends through the inner lever. A roller is mounted in the inner lever. The outer arms extend longitudinally along sides of the inner lever and include high lift cam contact surfaces. The inner lever includes a compression spring support extending out from each of the sides. The outer arms each include a corresponding spring support facing the respective spring support of the inner lever. A compression spring is located on each of the sides of the inner lever between the corresponding spring supports. A coupling arrangement is located between the inner lever and the outer arms which in a locked position, locks the outer arms in position on the inner lever, and in an unlocked position, allows the outer arms to pivot.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 4, 2013
    Date of Patent: February 17, 2015
    Assignee: Schaeffler Technologies GmbH & Co. KG
    Inventor: Debora Manther
  • Patent number: 8944019
    Abstract: The present invention provides a variable valve mechanism of an internal combustion engine which includes a rotary cam, an output arm, an input member, and a switching device that switches between a coupled state and a non-coupled state. The variable valve mechanism changes a drive state of the valve by the switching operation. The input member includes an annular input roller that contacts the rotary cam, and a swing pin that is inserted into the input roller so as to rotatably support the input roller and that swings relative to the output arm when in the non-coupled state. A center of the relative swinging movement is located at a position different from a rotation center of the input roller which is located inward of the input roller.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 16, 2013
    Date of Patent: February 3, 2015
    Assignee: Otics Corporation
    Inventor: Naoki Hiramatsu
  • Patent number: 8939119
    Abstract: A camshaft adjuster (3), comprising a camshaft axis of rotation (D) and an electromagnetic multi-tappet actuating device (4) having at least two electromagnetic drive units, which for exerting an actuating force on a corresponding number of elongated tappet units (9, 10, 11) which are mounted axially parallel to one another, each defining a tappet longitudinal center axis (A1, A2, A3) arranged perpendicularly to the camshaft axis of rotation (D) are activatable, in order to engage with the tappet units (9, 10, 11) in shifting grooves (8) of an adjustable cam piece (7), wherein the drive units each on a facing acting end on one of the associated tappet units (9, 10, 11) form an acting surface that is moveable in an actuating direction of the drive units and an end face on the acting side facing away from the respective associated shifting groove (8) of a respective one of the tappet units (9, 10, 11) interacts with the acting surface, wherein at least one of the tappet units (9, 10, 11) is arranged relative to
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 18, 2012
    Date of Patent: January 27, 2015
    Assignee: ETO Magnetic GmbH
    Inventors: Matthias Werner, Thomas Golz
  • Publication number: 20150020760
    Abstract: A four-cycle engine has an engine block having a cylindrical bore and an enclosed oil reservoir. Lubrication oil is inhaled from the oil reservoir and splashed to lubricate inner parts of the engine. The engine is provided with a cylinder head assembly having a pair of overhead intake and exhaust valves. Reciprocating intermediate lifters are provided between push rod and cam flowers to actuate the valve train. A push rod chamber communicated with the valve chamber is partitioned from the cam chamber and flowing of excess oil from the cam chamber into the valve chamber is prevented. Length of valve train push is shortened and it makes design of high speed engine properly.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 9, 2014
    Publication date: January 22, 2015
    Inventors: Katsumi KURIHARA, Shigeo YAMAMOTO
  • Patent number: 8919312
    Abstract: A valve assembly is provided herein. The valve assembly may include a valve stem coupled to a coil spring and an impact dampening tappet partially enclosing the spring and valve stem and in contact with a cam, the impact dampening tappet including an exterior metal layer having a cam contacting surface and an interior elastomeric layer traversing at least a portion of the interior surface of the exterior metal layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 27, 2012
    Date of Patent: December 30, 2014
    Assignee: Ford Global Technologies, LLC
    Inventors: Yitzong Chern, Chong Jack Chen, Stanley Berlinski
  • Patent number: 8919311
    Abstract: Various methods and systems are provided for varying valve timing in a V-engine. In one embodiment, a method for an engine comprises pivoting a first cam follower for a first cylinder of a first bank and a second cam follower for a second cylinder of a second bank about a rotatable pivot shaft, driving the first cam follower and the second cam follower with a camshaft to operate a respective first valve of the first cylinder and a second valve of the second cylinder, and rotating the pivot shaft to vary a valve timing of the first cylinder and the second cylinder.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 6, 2013
    Date of Patent: December 30, 2014
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Paul Lloyd Flynn, Ganesha Koggu Naik
  • Patent number: 8915225
    Abstract: A system for preloading a latch used in a variable valve actuation system for internal combustion engines is disclosed. It includes a rocker arm assembly having a first arm for operatively engaging the first cam for a first desired lift profile, and a second arm for operatively engaging the second cam for a second desired lift profile. A selectively-activatable latch to operatively latch the second arm with the first arm. An electronic control unit (ECU) communicates with an oil control valve that changes oil pressure to the latch to cause it to secure the arms together, or allow them to move independently. Due to the short time period required to operate the latch, the ECU provides a signal for the oil control valve to supply oil pressure or release oil pressure prior to the rocker arms being engaged with the base circle of the cams. This effectively preloads the latch causing it to react quickly and within the small time period allowed to latch.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 22, 2013
    Date of Patent: December 23, 2014
    Assignee: Eaton Corporation
    Inventors: Austin Robert Zurface, David Gerard Genise
  • Patent number: 8915220
    Abstract: A finger follower apparatus to effect opening of an engine valve includes a first member with first and second opposite ends. The first member is pivotally fixed at the first end and operatively engaged with the engine valve at the second end. A second member is slidably engaged with the first member and carries a roller for engagement with a cam.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 2, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 23, 2014
    Assignee: GM Global Technology Operations LLC
    Inventor: Burak A. Gecim
  • Patent number: 8887679
    Abstract: A valve actuation mechanism for an internal combustion engine includes rockers moved by a camshaft, each rocker being adapted to exert a valve opening force on at least a portion of a valve actuation mechanism of each cylinder belonging to a housing of the engine, via an engine brake activation piston, housed in a bore of the rocker, and movable with respect to the rocker under action of a fluid pressure raise in a chamber fluidly linked to the bore, from a first position, in which an engine brake function is deactivated, to a second position, in which a roller of the rocker reads at least one engine brake bump of a cam of the camshaft so as to perform the engine brake function. Each rocker includes a discharge valve movable in translation with respect to the rocker, adapted to reduce fluid pressure in the chamber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 22, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 18, 2014
    Assignee: Renault Trucks
    Inventors: Benjamin Girard, Romain Le Forestier
  • Patent number: 8881703
    Abstract: An apparatus for actuating at least one outlet valve of a valve-controlled internal combustion engine for motor vehicles, includes an actuating element which is driven by a camshaft. A first piston/cylinder unit, preferably a hydraulically loaded piston/cylinder unit, is provided between a cam of the camshaft and at least one outlet valve. The piston/cylinder unit allows at least one outlet valve to be held in a non-closed intermediate position during an engine braking mode with exhaust-gas backpressure. A second piston/cylinder unit is provided which is configured as a valve-play compensation element, preferably as a hydraulic valve-play compensation element (HVC). At least one valve train-side device is provided between the cam and the at least one outlet valve, which valve train-side device exerts a force which is directed counter to the adjusting action of the HVC but is lower than the latter.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 22, 2013
    Date of Patent: November 11, 2014
    Assignee: MAN Truck & Bus AG
    Inventors: Heribert Moeller, Rainer Kalass
  • Patent number: 8863714
    Abstract: A camshaft assembly includes a base shaft extending along a longitudinal axis. The base shaft is configured to rotate about the longitudinal axis. The camshaft assembly further includes a series of lobe packs mounted on the base shaft. The lobe pack includes a first cam lobe, a second cam, and a third cam lobe. The lobe pack further includes a barrel cam defining a control groove. The camshaft assembly further includes an actuator including an actuator body and at least one pin movably coupled to the actuator body. The lobe pack is configured to move axially relative to the base shaft between a first position, a second position, and a third position. These three lobe pack positions are used to define three discrete valve lift profiles for the intake or exhaust valves in the cylinder. The lift profiles can be different for each engine valve.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 7, 2013
    Date of Patent: October 21, 2014
    Assignee: GM Global Technology Operations LLC
    Inventors: Robert J. Moran, Hans-Guido Kemmer, Kevin M. Luchansky
  • Patent number: 8820284
    Abstract: A variable valve gear for an internal combustion engine that is capable of being disposed in a small compact manner and also capable of reducing the generation of a knocking sound. In a variable valve gear, a camshaft is supported by supporting walls of a cylinder head, and camshaft holders formed separately from the supporting walls, two exhaust rocker arms are disposed adjacent to each other, and a connecting pin is movably inserted into pin holes provided in the exhaust rocker arms by an actuator through a pushrod to connect or disconnect the exhaust rocker arms to or from each other. In the variable valve gear, the pushrod is slidably supported in a rod insertion hole of the camshaft holder with the connecting pin being disposed between the pair of camshaft holders and has an axis that is offset toward the camshaft with respect to an axis of the pushrod.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 19, 2013
    Date of Patent: September 2, 2014
    Assignee: Honda Motor Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Hidemichi Mori, Dai Kataoka, Nozomi Okada, Makoto Fujikubo
  • Patent number: 8813696
    Abstract: An electro-hydraulic valve train is configured to change valve lift and valve opening/closing timing according to operation state of an engine. The electro-hydraulic valve train includes a valve stem having a valve head formed at a lower end thereof and a big-diameter stem formed at a middle portion thereof, the big-diameter stem having a larger diameter than the other portion, a swing arm having a roller contacting with a cam of a camshaft and an end connected to the valve stem, the one end being adapted to pivot with respect to the other end according to a rotation of the cam so as to move the valve stem upwardly or downwardly, a first brake unit enclosing the valve stem and adapted to perform brake operation in a case that the valve stem moves upwardly, and a second brake unit mounted at the other end of the swing arm and adapted to selectively move the other end of the swing arm upwardly or downwardly and to perform brake operation in a case that the other end of the swing arm moves downwardly.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 12, 2011
    Date of Patent: August 26, 2014
    Assignees: Hyundai Motor Company, Kia Motors Corporation
    Inventor: Myungsick Choi
  • Patent number: 8813698
    Abstract: A variable valve apparatus of an internal combustion engine includes a first rocker arm that contacts a cam, a low lift cam provided coaxially with the cam, and a second rocker arm capable of contacting the low lift cam. The apparatus also includes a switching mechanism capable of connecting the first rocker arm and the second rocker arm to each other through pins, valves that open by being pressed by the second rocker arms via hydraulic lash adjusters arranged in the second rocker arms, and an oil supply path formed inside the second rocker arms that supplies oil to the hydraulic lash adjusters. A radius of a base circle of the low lift cam is smaller than a radius of a base circle of the cam.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 6, 2009
    Date of Patent: August 26, 2014
    Assignee: Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Shuichi Ezaki, Shuuji Nakano
  • Patent number: 8813704
    Abstract: A continuous variable valve duration apparatus may vary an opening duration of a valve. The continuous variable valve duration apparatus may include a camshaft in which a camshaft slot is formed, a cam portion of which a cam and a cam slot are formed thereto and of which a rotation center is identical to a rotation center of the camshaft and the cam portion of which a phase angle to the cam shaft is variable, and a duration control portion which varies the phase angle between the camshaft slot and the cam slot.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 17, 2012
    Date of Patent: August 26, 2014
    Assignee: Hyundai Motor Company
    Inventors: Back Sik Kim, Sang Hee Lee, Kwangsoon Choi, Joong Soo Kim, Dae Sung Kim, Hyuk Im, Kyoung Pyo Ha
  • Patent number: 8807101
    Abstract: A variable valve lift apparatus may include an outer tappet body of which a latching portion connecting hole and an outer tappet body guide hole may be formed therewithin, an inner tappet body of which an inner tappet body guide hole may be formed therewithin and slidably disposed within the outer tappet body, a latching portion which may be disposed within the inner tappet body guide hole and selectively coupled to the latching portion connecting hole, a latching portion support pin which guides the latching portion along a longitudinal direction of the inner tappet body guide hole and may be connected to the inner tappet body, a hydraulic pressure chamber, and a plunger which may be slidably disposed in the outer tappet body guide hole and selectively inserts the latching portion into the latching portion connecting hole according to the hydraulic pressure supplied from the hydraulic pressure chamber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 4, 2011
    Date of Patent: August 19, 2014
    Assignee: Hyundai Motor Company
    Inventors: Byong Young Choi, Gee Wook Shin, Sang Won Kim, Jin Kook Kong, Soo Hyung Woo, Jin Soon Kim, Jei Choon Yang
  • Patent number: 8807104
    Abstract: A mechanically controllable valve operating mechanism includes a cylinder head, a camshaft, a transmission arrangement mounted to move in the cylinder head via a bearing device. A gas exchange valve has the transmission arrangement act thereon. A valve-lift adjusting device comprises a rotatable adjusting element with an eccentric element having two base points and a peak contour, and at least one further eccentric element. The valve-lift adjusting device acts on the transmission arrangement so that different valve-lift positions are settable. The transmission arrangement is connected to the valve-lift adjusting device and to the camshaft. The at least one further eccentric element of the rotating adjusting element is arranged so that at least two peak contours are provided so that, depending on a rotational angle ? of the rotating adjusting element, the eccentric element or the at least one further eccentric element engage with the transmission arrangement.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 31, 2011
    Date of Patent: August 19, 2014
    Assignee: Kolbenschmidt Pierburg Innovations GmbH
    Inventor: Rudolf Flierl
  • Patent number: 8794204
    Abstract: An engine assembly may include an engine structure, a camshaft rotationally supported within the engine structure and including a lobe, a first rocker arm, a valve lift mechanism, a valve, and a second rocker arm. The first rocker arm may include a first end rotationally coupled relative to the engine structure and a second end defining a cam engagement surface engaged with the lobe and a convex lift surface opposite the cam engagement surface. The valve lift mechanism may have a first end engaged with the lift surface of the first rocker arm. The second rocker arm may be supported relative to the engine structure and engaged with a second end of the valve lift mechanism and the valve to selectively open the valve based on displacement of the lift mechanism by the first rocker arm.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 20, 2009
    Date of Patent: August 5, 2014
    Assignee: GM Global Technology Operations LLC
    Inventors: Alan W. Hayman, Eric C. Douse, Robert S. McAlpine
  • Patent number: 8794205
    Abstract: The invention concerns a switchable lever (1) for a valve train of an internal combustion engine, said lever (1) comprising on one end (5), a bearing (6) for enabling a pivotal support of said lever (1) and, on another end (7), a support (9) for a gas exchange valve, a crossbar (2) of the lever (1) comprising a recess (10) comprising two cam rollers (11, 12) which are seated on an axle (15) mounted in bores (13, 14) of side walls (3, 4) of the lever (1) and displaceable in axial direction, a hollow axle (16) arranged on said axle (15) extending inwards out of the bore (13) of the first side wall (3), a first one of the cam rollers (11) being guided, axially fixed on said hollow axle (16) in front of an inner side (17) of the first side wall (3), said first cam roller (11) serving for a permanent contact of a first low lift cam (18) of a cam assembly (19), a second one of the cam rollers (12) being axially fixed on said axle (15) and being displaceable by said axle (15) into two positions, a first one of said
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 3, 2011
    Date of Patent: August 5, 2014
    Assignee: Schaeffler Technologies GmbH & Co. KG
    Inventors: Norbert Nitz, Robert Heinemann
  • Patent number: 8752513
    Abstract: A rocker arm for engaging a cam is disclosed. An outer arm and inner arm are configured to transfer motion to a valve of an internal combustion engine. A latching mechanism includes a latch, sleeve and orientation member. The sleeve engages the latch and a bore in the inner arm, and also provides an opening for an orientation member used in providing the correct orientation for the latch with respect to the sleeve and the inner arm. The sleeve, latch and inner arm have reference marks used to determine the optimal orientation for the latch.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 18, 2011
    Date of Patent: June 17, 2014
    Assignee: Eaton Corporation
    Inventors: Austin Zurface, Andrei Dan Radulescu, Majo Cecur, Philip M. Kline, Tony Gordon, James R. Sheren
  • Patent number: 8733311
    Abstract: The finger follower employs two independent lost motion arms and a coupling device that locks both arms. Stops are provided both for the roller axle and for the arm swing. The axle stop and the end stops for the arm swing are positioned on the arm and the outer sidewall of the inner lever.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 11, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 27, 2014
    Assignee: Schaeffler Technologies AG & Co. KG
    Inventor: Debora Manther
  • Patent number: 8726862
    Abstract: A rocker arm for engaging a cam is disclosed. An outer arm and inner arm are configured to transfer motion to a valve of an internal combustion engine. A latching mechanism includes a latch, sleeve and orientation member. The sleeve engages the latch and a bore in the inner arm, and also provides an opening for an orientation member used in providing the correct orientation for the latch with respect to the sleeve and the inner arm. The sleeve, latch and inner arm have reference marks used to determine the optimal orientation for the latch.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 18, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 20, 2014
    Assignee: Eaton Corporation
    Inventors: Austin Zurface, Andrei Dan Radulescu, Majo Cecur, Philip M. Kline, Tony Gordon, James R. Sheren
  • Publication number: 20140130774
    Abstract: A valve actuation mechanism includes rockers moved by a camshaft, each rocker being adapted to exert a valve opening force on at least a portion of a valve opening actuator of each cylinder, via an activation piston, housed in a bore of the rocker and movable with respect to the rocker under action of a fluid pressure raise in a chamber fluidly linked to the bore, from a first position to a second position, in which a cam follower of the rocker reads at least one auxiliary cam sector of a cam of the camshaft so as to perform an engine operating function. Each rocker includes a reset valve adapted to reduce fluid pressure in the chamber. The valve actuation mechanism includes, for each rocker, a reset cam profile adapted to open the reset valve when the activation piston has to be moved from its second position to its first position, and each reset valve includes a cam follower adapted to drive the reset valve as a function of the movement of the reset profile.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 6, 2011
    Publication date: May 15, 2014
    Applicant: RENAULT TRUCKS
    Inventors: Romain Le Forestier, Romain Riviere
  • Patent number: 8714125
    Abstract: A valve drive system of an engine includes a camshaft that is supported by a cylinder head of the engine and on which a plurality of cams having different valve lift characteristics are arranged at predetermined intervals, a rocker shaft that is supported by the cylinder head so as to be parallel or substantially parallel to the camshaft, and a rocker arm that is swingably supported by the rocker shaft. The rocker arm is arranged between one of the cams and an intake valve or an exhaust valve and is arranged so as to be movable in an axial direction of the rocker shaft. A presser of the rocker arm that presses the intake valve or the exhaust valve extends in the axial direction and has a length greater than an interval between the cams. The valve drive system includes a drive unit that moves the rocker arm toward one side or toward an opposite side in the axial direction by the interval between the cams.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 4, 2010
    Date of Patent: May 6, 2014
    Assignee: Yamaha Hatsudoki Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventor: Takurou Kamichika
  • Patent number: 8689753
    Abstract: The roller finger follower employs two independent lost motion arms and a coupling device that locks both arms. A coupling element allows for changing from locked to unlocked mode. Components of the coupling element include a shuttle pin with a head, a shank and a cutout on which a rod is positioned, a coil spring which surrounds the outside diameter of the shuttle pin shank, and an end cap. By positioning the spring on the shuttle pin shank, a large spring diameter and short spring height can be used which allows for compact packaging. Also, a low spring rate is required.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 10, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 8, 2014
    Assignee: Schaeffler Technologies AG & Co. KG
    Inventor: Jeff Villemure
  • Patent number: 8689751
    Abstract: The disclosed structure achieves a desired balance between higher-rigidity and weight saving in a connection-type rocker arm which integrally rocks a plural of arm portions. The rocker arm has a plurality of arm portions integrally formed on a swinging base end side of the rocker arm which are forked and extend towards a swinging end of the rocker arm, a connecting portion which integrally connects each swinging end of the arm portions, and a concave thinning portion which overlaps a swinging trajectory of the connecting portion, when viewed in the axis direction of the pivot shaft of the rocker arm.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 4, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 8, 2014
    Assignee: Honda Motor Co., Ltd
    Inventors: Katsuhiro Kubo, Yuki Uzawa, Masahiro Nakashima
  • Patent number: 8677958
    Abstract: A switchable lever for a valve drive of an internal combustion engine, which has an elongated housing with two side walls. A crossbar for a gas-exchange valve system and another end of the housing has a hearing for pivotable support of the crossbar. An axle is held nondisplaceably in the side walls. An axially fixed low-lift cam roller is seated centrally on the axle and is flanked on both sides by a high-lift cam roller. The high-lift cam rollers are displaceable: (a) into a first position, away from each other, to toward the side walls such that contact of one high-lift cam per high-lift cam roller is possible, and (b) into a second position, toward each other, such that they are located outside an engagement region of the high-lift cams, and as a result of which contact of a low-lift or zero-lift cam with the low-lift cam roller is possible.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 3, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 25, 2014
    Assignee: Schaeffler Technologies AG & Co. KG
    Inventors: Matthias Becker, Robert Heinemann
  • Patent number: 8677964
    Abstract: A variable valve lift apparatus includes a cam, a swing arm of which one end thereof a valve is connected to and the swing arm contacting the cam, a support portion selectively supporting the other end of the swing arm, a hydraulic lash adjuster of which an oil supply hole and an oil exhaust hole thereto, and selectively supporting the swing arm according to oil supplying thereto or oil exhausting therefrom, a check valve selectively opening the oil exhaust hole and a control portion controlling the check valve for the check valve to selectively open the oil exhaust hole.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 22, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 25, 2014
    Assignees: Hyundai Motor Company, Kia Motors Corporation
    Inventor: Bosung Shin
  • Patent number: 8656878
    Abstract: A cam follower for actuating a gas exchange valve of an internal combustion engine. The cam follower has a housing and a cam roller mounted in a recess of the housing for disengaging a cam of a camshaft. The cam roller is mounted radially on a bearing journal by a needle bearing that extends in the bearing bore thereof. The width of the needle bearing is significantly greater than the width of the cam roller in the region of the cam disengagement. The width of the needle bearing is also significantly greater than the width of the cam roller in the region of the bearing bore and significantly greater than the clear space between roller contact surfaces which delimit the recess and on which the cam roller runs axially with the end faces thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 26, 2010
    Date of Patent: February 25, 2014
    Assignee: Schaeffler Technologies AG & Co. KG
    Inventor: Stephan Moeck
  • Patent number: 8640664
    Abstract: An engine includes a hydraulic pressure lash adjuster (HLA) pivotally supporting an end of a swing arm and having a valve supporting the other end of the swing arm, wherein the hydraulic pressure lash adjuster includes a housing, a plunger of which one end portion thereof may be slidably inserted into the inside of the housing, the other end portion of which extends outwards and supports the end of the swing arm by selectively moving upwards or downwards in a length direction of the housing, a stopper pin slidably mounted in a chamber of the plunger so as to selectively lock the plunger to the housing such that the plunger cannot move in the housing, and a hydraulic pressure supply portion that selectively supplies one side of the stopper pin with a hydraulic pressure in the chamber of the plunger to move the stopper pin toward the housing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 17, 2010
    Date of Patent: February 4, 2014
    Assignee: Hyundai Motor Company
    Inventor: Youngsoo Lee
  • Patent number: 8635980
    Abstract: A deactivating rocker arm for use with a cam having at least one no-lift safety lobe is provided. Safety lobe contacting surfaces on the rocker arm are configured for contact with safety lobes during abnormal operation of the rocker arm. When the rocker arm is deactivated, the safety lobe contacting surfaces may come into contact with safety lobes when excessive pump-up of a lash adjuster brings the rocker arm undesirably close to the rotating cam. This contact limits the range of motion of the rocker arm during certain instances of abnormal operation, promoting more effective transition between deactivated and activated states and preventing damaging contact between the rocker arm and the cam lobe.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 25, 2012
    Date of Patent: January 28, 2014
    Assignee: Eaton Corporation
    Inventor: Kynan L Church
  • Patent number: 8635979
    Abstract: A drag lever for actuating a gas exchange valve of an internal combustion engine. The drag lever includes an oblong lever body formed of sheet metal material, wherein the lever body has a bottom and side walls integrally formed at an angle of about 90° onto the bottom on both sides. A first end section of the lever body includes a joint socket formed into the bottom between the side walls. The joint socket serves to pivotally moveably support the drag lever on a joint head mounted stationary in the internal combustion engine. A middle section of the lever body is provided with a cam gripping surface, and a second end section of the lever body has a contact surface extending on the bottom. The contact surface serves for actuating the gas exchange valve. The lever body is dimensioned so as to have essentially the same width in a cross section through the joint socket and in a cross section through the middle section.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 2, 2011
    Date of Patent: January 28, 2014
    Assignee: Schaeffler Technologies AG & Co. KG
    Inventors: Frank Himsel, Jochen Ott, Dirk Richter, Junichi Ichikawa