Fourdrinier Cloth Patents (Class 139/425A)
  • Patent number: 6158478
    Abstract: A multilayer papermaking fabric having interwoven machine direction (MD) and cross-machine direction (CMD) yarns, the CMD yarns defining at least upper and lower CMD yarn subsets which are interwoven with the MD yarns in a repeat pattern such that the MD yarns have substantially more interweavings with the upper CMD yarn subset than with the lower CMD yarn subset. The lower subset CMD yarns define machine side floats under at least seven MD yarns and each MD yarn interweaves with only two lower subset CMD yarns in a given repeat.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 13, 1998
    Date of Patent: December 12, 2000
    Assignee: AstenJohnson, Inc.
    Inventors: Henry J. Lee, T. Payton Crosby, Jeff Clegg, Rachel Kramer
  • Patent number: 6123116
    Abstract: Multi-layer papermaker's fabrics are provided which include in the bottom fabric layer pairs of cross machine direction yarns that are woven in the same shed so as to provide paired bottom fabric layer cross machine direction yarns. Typically, these paired yarns comprise two smaller yarns that replace what otherwise would have been a larger single yarn, thereby reducing the thickness, void volume and water carrying propensity of the fabric. These fabrics may include a relatively large number of cross machine direction yarns on the papermaking surface and/or a papermaking surface having single float machine direction knuckles, so as to provide a high level of fiber support and good papermaking qualities.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 21, 1999
    Date of Patent: September 26, 2000
    Assignee: Weavexx Corporation
    Inventors: Kevin John Ward, Brian Herbert Pike Troughton
  • Patent number: 6077397
    Abstract: A woven papermakers fabric having a first system of yarns interwoven with a second system of yarns. The second system of yarns having a repeat which defines three successive knuckles on the paper carrying side of the fabric while maintaining vertical alignment of the first system yarns in the respective first and second layers of the first system by defining a single knuckle on the machine side of the fabric in each repeat. Preferably, the first system yarns are cross machine direction (CMD) yarns which repeat with respect to eight pairs of stacked machine direction (MD) yarns.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 23, 1996
    Date of Patent: June 20, 2000
    Assignee: Asten, Inc.
    Inventor: Gale Shipley
  • Patent number: 5975149
    Abstract: A papermaker's fabric of a type for use in high temperature operations and including interwoven machine direction (MD) and cross-machine direction (CMD) yarns that define a base fabric and a paper support layer. The fabric is characterized by the paper support layer including high temperature MD yarns woven in a repeat pattern that includes a float over at least seven CMD yarns.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 11, 1998
    Date of Patent: November 2, 1999
    Assignee: Asten, Inc.
    Inventors: Henry J. Lee, Paul H. Sutherland
  • Patent number: 5894867
    Abstract: A process for forming paper using papermaker's forming fabric comprising a fabric layer including cross machine direction fabric yarns and machine direction fabric yarns interwoven to form a papermaking surface with alternating single knuckles thereon. First additional cross machine direction yarns are positioned between adjacent cross machine direction fabric yarns on the papermaking surface of the fabric layer. Second additional cross machine direction yarns are positioned between the cross machine direction fabric yarns on the papermaking surface of the fabric layer. Each of the first and second additional cross machine direction yarns serve as fiber supporting yarns and as locator yarns for another of the first and second additional cross machine direction yarns. Each of the first and second additional cross machine direction yarns are interwoven with the fabric layer to float over odd numbers of adjacent fabric layer machine direction yarns.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 27, 1997
    Date of Patent: April 20, 1999
    Assignee: Weavexx Corporation
    Inventors: Kevin J. Ward, Robert G. Wilson
  • Patent number: 5853547
    Abstract: The present invention is an improved 7,3-broken twill, TAD fabric for use in the formation of a paper web. The present invention is also a process of using this fabric to produce a paper product having high bulk and absorbency. Finally, the present invention is the paper product produced in a TAD process using this fabric.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 18, 1996
    Date of Patent: December 29, 1998
    Assignee: Asten, Inc.
    Inventors: Frederick W. Ahrens, Thomas Gulya, Gary L. Worry, Walter P. Wright
  • Patent number: 5713398
    Abstract: A papermaker's fabric includes a system of machine-direction (MD) yarns interwoven with a system of cross-machine direction (CD) yarns. The MD yarns are pairs of a first MD yarn and a second MD yarn. The first MD yarn and the second MD yarn in each pair are different from one another. The first MD yarn is of a substantially rectangular cross section having a preselected width and thickness. The second MD yarn may be either of a substantially rectangular cross section or of a circular cross section. If of a substantially rectangular cross section, the second MD yarn is narrower than the first MD yarn. The thickness, or diameter, of the second MD yarn is less than that of the first MD yarn. The first and second MD yarns of each pair weave side-by-side as a single yarn with the CD yarns through the fabric.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 2, 1996
    Date of Patent: February 3, 1998
    Assignee: Albany International Corp.
    Inventor: Michael J. Josef
  • Patent number: 5514472
    Abstract: The dirt-repellent monofilament with a toughness of at least 36 cN/tex and an extension of under 44% has a soiling index A1>2 after five soiling and cleaning cycles. To manufacture the dirt-repellent monofilaments, a copolymer with a melting point of 255.degree. to 275.degree. C. and consisting of alkenes and perfluoroalkenes is added to a polymer melt of polythylene terephthalate before extrusion. The dirt-repellent monofilament is advantageously used in the manufacture of cleaning filters for the dry section of a paper machine, i.e. paper machine fabric filters. It may also be used to produce fabrics for general use as technical fabrics which have to be cleaned in difficult conditions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 10, 1995
    Date of Patent: May 7, 1996
    Assignee: Rhone-Poulenc Viscosuisse S.A.
    Inventors: Halim Baris, Erwin Lerch
  • Patent number: 5465764
    Abstract: A dryer screen has a paper side and a machine side. A plurality of machine direction threads extend in the direction of movement of the screen. The machine direction threads are arrayed in first and second groups. The threads of the groups are bound to the screen through different binding pattern repeats. A plurality of cross threads extend generally transverse to the machine direction threads. The threads of the first group are arrayed in first and second subgroups offset with respect to the direction of movement of the screen. Each subgroup comprises at least two abutting contiguous machine direction threads having a binding pattern repeat floating on the paper side over a predetermined plurality of cross threads.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 25, 1994
    Date of Patent: November 14, 1995
    Assignee: Thomas Josef Heimbach GmbH & Co.
    Inventors: Sylvester Eschmann, Martin Huser, Walter Halterbeck
  • Patent number: 5431786
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to a single lamina tissue paper having visually discernible, large scale patterns made during the drying step of the papermaking process. Particularly, the tissue is made on a blow through drying belt having a pattern of alternating knuckles and deflection conduits. This pattern produces a like pattern of regions in the paper having alternating values of crepe frequencies, opacities and elevations. The differences in these values produces a visually discernible pattern.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 31, 1994
    Date of Patent: July 11, 1995
    Assignee: The Procter & Gamble Company
    Inventors: David M. Rasch, Thomas A. Hensler, Dean J. Daniels
  • Patent number: 5421375
    Abstract: A method of weaving on a loom a multilayer paper forming fabric in an eight warp repeating pattern. The weaving is controlled to produce uniform drainage channels throughout the forming fabric. The paper forming fabric is formed to have a weft yarn dominant paper support surface and a weft yarn dominant running surface. The loom includes a reed which has a plurality of reed teeth which form dents. A single layer of side-by-side warp yarns are arranged through the dents of the reed so that each warp yarn engages with at least one reed tooth. A weft yarn of a first layer of weft yarns is woven with the warp yarn to form the weft dominant paper support and a weft yarn of a second layer of weft yarns is woven with the warp yarn to form the weft dominant running surface.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 28, 1994
    Date of Patent: June 6, 1995
    Assignee: Wangner Systems Corporation
    Inventor: Michael D. Praetzel
  • Patent number: 5421376
    Abstract: A metallized mesh fabric construction for use as the individual reflector panels of a radio frequency (RF) deployable parabolic reflector of the type which includes a plurality of panel supporting rib members which, upon deployment, unfurl in a spiral manner from a central hub to form the parabolic reflector surface. The mesh fabric includes silver coated nylon strands and stretch resistant plastic or synthetic strands interwoven in a "Marquisette" or "Leno" style weave. The stretch resistant strands of the mesh fabric are oriented along the chordal direction (i.e., transverse to the radial direction of the unfurlable ribs) in order to withstand the tension placed on the mesh fabric during deployment of the reflector and hence maintain the shape and accuracy of the reflector surface and resist creep. The weave has openings sized sufficiently large to minimize the effects of wind load yet sufficiently small to provide good reflective performance of radio frequencies up to and including X-Band frequencies.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 21, 1994
    Date of Patent: June 6, 1995
    Assignee: Lockheed Missiles & Space Co., Inc.
    Inventor: Agit K. Sinha
  • Patent number: 5056565
    Abstract: In a drainage belt for presses in the wet section of a paper machine, which belt includes a porous support belt (3,4) in the form of a screen webbing and a finely porous cover layer (1,2) on the side of the support belt (3,4) facing the paper web, the cover layer (1,2) is formed by a shape-retaining single-plane screen webbing which forms drainage channels.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 18, 1989
    Date of Patent: October 15, 1991
    Inventor: Franz F. Kufferath
  • Patent number: 5054525
    Abstract: A double fabric produced by a forming wire for the wet end of a paper making machine. The double fabric has two sets of longitudinally directed threads and at least one upper and one lower layer of cross threads. The first set of longitudinal threads are woven with the upper layer cross threads. The second set is woven with the lower layer of cross threads, as well as partly with the upper layer to form a woven pattern.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 23, 1989
    Date of Patent: October 8, 1991
    Assignees: F. Oberdorfer GmbH & Co., KG Industriegewebe-Technik
    Inventor: Fritz Vohringer
  • Patent number: 5053109
    Abstract: An apparatus for manufacturing paper board includes a hybrid papermakers fabric which facilitates both the formation of an aqueous paper board web and the dewatering of the formed web through at least one press nip. The papermakers fabric includes a woven, single-layer base fabric having a seam with a layer of fibrous batt material needled to at least one side.Each end of the base fabric has vertically oriented loops formed from the machine direction yarns of the base fabric. The base fabric seam is defined by intermeshing the respective end loops together and inserting a joining wire or pintle through the intermeshed loops. The caliper of the body of the single-layer base fabric is inherently slightly less than the caliper of the seam. In order to reduce the effect of the seam area on the paper board manufacturing process, the end loops of the base fabric may be elongated and may contain stuffer yarns.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 4, 1988
    Date of Patent: October 1, 1991
    Assignee: Asten Group, Inc.
    Inventor: Patrick H. Penven
  • Patent number: 4972561
    Abstract: A procedure is described for providing an angled pin seam on a papermakers felt in which a base fabric is woven with a selectively joinable pin seam to form a continuous loop of the base fabric, skewing that base fabric and its seam by displacing one of the lateral edges of the fabric longitudinally of the machine direction relative to the opposed lateral edge while maintaining the machine direction yarns extending substantially in the machine direction, thus skewing the seam relative to the machine direction and to the cross machine direction, and in which batt material is needled into the base fabric while the base fabric is maintained in the skewed condition, whereby the needled batt maintains the fabric in its skewed condition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 26, 1989
    Date of Patent: November 27, 1990
    Assignee: Niagara Lockport Industries Inc.
    Inventor: W. G. Aldrich
  • Patent number: 4945952
    Abstract: A composite paper making wire (a generic term for a paper making fabric) as a sheet forming part of a paper-making machine includes an upper fabric layer and a lower fabric layer which are interconnected by longitudinally directed or cross directed connecting yarns of synthetic material. By utilizing the cross directed connecting threads the different cross contractions of that wire are restricted, but not the relative movements between the upper fabric layer and the lower fabric layer in the running direction of the machine as caused by the pertinent load changes on passing the rolling system of the wet part of the paper making machine. These movements destroy the binding threads by wear. Therefore, it is desirable that the composite wire be constructed to be suited for taking over existing tensions in longitudinal and cross-ways directions created by the roller in the paper making machine.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 11, 1988
    Date of Patent: August 7, 1990
    Assignee: F. Oberdorfer GmbH & Co. KG Industriegewebe-Technik
    Inventor: Fritz Vohringer
  • Patent number: 4883097
    Abstract: Papermaker's felt employing compressible knit yarn in a woven base to provide a durable resiliency so as to provide vibration dampening and delay the occurrence of crushing during papermaking.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 4, 1986
    Date of Patent: November 28, 1989
    Assignee: Asten Group, Inc.
    Inventor: Marcel Dufour
  • Patent number: 4867206
    Abstract: In a drainage belt for presses in the wet section of a paper machine, which belt includes a porous support belt (3,4) in the form of a screen webbing and a finely porous cover layer (1,2) on the side of the support belt (3,4) facing the paper web, the cover layer (1,2) is formed by a shape-retaining single-plane screen webbing which forms drainage channels.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 1, 1987
    Date of Patent: September 19, 1989
    Inventor: Franz F. Kufferath
  • Patent number: 4856562
    Abstract: Papermaker's felt employing compressible knit yarn in a woven base to provide a durable resiliency so as to provide vibration dampening and delay the occurrence of crushing during papermaking.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 11, 1982
    Date of Patent: August 15, 1989
    Assignee: Asten Group, Inc.
    Inventor: Marcel Dufour
  • Patent number: 4856299
    Abstract: A knitted fabric having improved electrical charge dissipation, absorption, stain resistance, anti-pilling and linting and tensile strength properties, constructed so as to form a conductive matrix capable of discharging an electrical charge along any direction of the course and wale of the fabric.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 14, 1987
    Date of Patent: August 15, 1989
    Assignee: Conductex, Inc.
    Inventor: Kenneth G. Bryant
  • Patent number: 4839213
    Abstract: A conveyor belt such as a paper-making fabric, said belt being made of spirals (2, 3) assembled together by rods (5) or by imbrication. With a view to reducing the permeability or to changing the surface condition, it has a generally flat member (7) which is inserted inside the spirals (2, 3) so as to completely or partially fill the spaces between or inside the spirals.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 25, 1987
    Date of Patent: June 13, 1989
    Assignee: Cofpa
    Inventor: Maurice Gauthier
  • Patent number: 4821780
    Abstract: A multi-layer fabric for paper-making comprising at least two fabric layers A and B, each of which is formed by inter-weaving respective warps and wefts. An upper-most layer A is woven as a plain weave 1/1 except at binding points S1, S3 and is adapted to support a paper-web thereon. A lower layer B is positioned below the upper-most layer A, and formed by warps 3 and wefts 4, 4a, each of which have larger diameters than those of the upper-most layer A. The upper-most layer A and the lower-most layer B are bound by means of a part 1a of the warps 1 of the upper-most layer A being interwoven with a part 4a of the wefts 4 of the lower-most layer, or by means of separate binder threads 5 other than the warps or wefts being interwoven with the upper-most layer A and the lower-most layer B. At the binding points, a warp 1a of the upper-most layer which intersects with a weft 4a of the lower-most layer B or with a binder thread 5 is extended under three successive wefts 2a.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 2, 1987
    Date of Patent: April 18, 1989
    Assignee: Nippon Filcon Co. Ltd.
    Inventor: Takuo Tate
  • Patent number: 4799998
    Abstract: Papermachine clothing is described, made up of synthetic, polymeric resin fibers which include porous fibers and filaments.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 1, 1983
    Date of Patent: January 24, 1989
    Assignee: Albany International Corp.
    Inventor: William H. Dutt
  • Patent number: 4789009
    Abstract: An improved papermakers' fabric for use in papermaking, cellulose and similar machines, comprising a first layer of cross-machine direction yarns, which layer is intended in the position of use of the fabric to face the material to be formed, a second layer of cross-machine direction yarns stacked approximately under the first layer of cross machine direction yarns, which layer is intended in the position of use of the fabric to face the machine drive rollers, and machine direction yarns interweaving said two cross-machine direction layers. The paperside cross-machine direction yarns are woven for maximum cross-machine fiber support with alternate 6 float and 8 float sections. The machine side cross-machine direction yarns have a 14 float, ensuring high cross machine yarn volume available for wear before the load bearing machine direction yarns are subject to wear.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 3, 1986
    Date of Patent: December 6, 1988
    Assignee: Huyck Corporation
    Inventor: Brian H. P. Troughton
  • Patent number: 4784190
    Abstract: A method for making a woven dryer fabric having different permeabilities in different sections across its width to control the moisture profile of a web being conveyed through the dryer section of the papermaking machine is disclosed. Additional cross machine yarns are interwoven only over a selected distance or distances across the fabric in the cross machine direction. The non-interwoven segments of the additional cross machine direction yarns form surface floats which are subsequently removed by shearing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 9, 1984
    Date of Patent: November 15, 1988
    Assignee: Huyck Corporation
    Inventor: Peter Mullaney
  • Patent number: 4759391
    Abstract: A papermachine fabric for the production of tissue paper or porous batts has a two layer fabric comprised of a fine upper fabric layer and a coarser lower fabric layer. Both fabric layers have a large open area. The two fabric layers are firmly interconnected so that the upper fabric layer exhibits depressions at the sites of interweaving which are distributed in the manner of a pattern. The papermachine fabric is especially suited as an embossing fabric for after drying the paper web coming from a sheet forming fabric or as a second sheet former of a twin wire former.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 9, 1987
    Date of Patent: July 26, 1988
    Assignee: Wangner GmbH & Co. KG
    Inventors: Hartmut Waldvogel, Georg Borel
  • Patent number: 4749007
    Abstract: There is described a cloth for draining and drying paper webs, comprising a fabric formed by warp threads and weft threads. Said cloth further comprises a top layer of interlaced lengthwise strips and weft threads, at least one upper weft thread part passing underneath one or a plurality of lengthwise strips, being connected to the fabric by at least one warp thread thereof, which has been passed between said upper weft thread part and the lengthwise strip or strips.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 10, 1986
    Date of Patent: June 7, 1988
    Assignee: Asten Group, Inc.
    Inventor: Joseph Malmendier
  • Patent number: 4719139
    Abstract: A conveyor belt such as a paper-making fabric, said belt being made of spirals (2, 3) assembled together by rods (5) or by imbrication. With a view to reducing the permeability or to changing the surface condition, it has a generally flat member (7) which is inserted inside the spirals (2, 3) so as to completely or partially fill the spaces between or inside the spirals.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 20, 1985
    Date of Patent: January 12, 1988
    Assignee: COFPA Feutres pour Papeteries
    Inventor: Maurice Gauthier
  • Patent number: 4709732
    Abstract: A dual layer forming fabric for use in papermaking, cellulose and similar machines having weave floats in the cross machine direction yarns on the machine side of the fabric that are under eleven machine direction yarns. The float bestows extra life potential to the fabric and gives extra protection to the machine direction yarn knuckles on the machine side of the fabric without any detrimental effect on the fine paper making surface of the fabric. The forming fabric of the present invention has a papermaking surface where the machine direction knuckles and the cross machine direction knuckles are close to, or are, coplanar.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 13, 1986
    Date of Patent: December 1, 1987
    Assignee: Huyck Corporation
    Inventor: Martti I. Kinnunen
  • Patent number: 4705601
    Abstract: A wire former comprising a structural framework, a headbox for holding and dispensing the pulp slurry, a breast roll, a couch roll, a forming fabric belt extending endless between the breast roll and the couch roll in a straight run, and drainage elements and suction devices underlying said straight run for extracting liquid from the slurry. The forming fabric is a multi-ply fabric, the uppermost ply being a self-sustaining weave with monofilament warp yarns of a given diameter interwoven with shute yarns, the lowermost ply being a weave with a series of generally ovate warp yarns having a vertical dimension generally equal to the diameter of the warp yarns of the uppermost ply, interwoven with shute yarns. The ovate warp yarns have a horizontal width in the shute direction substantially greater than their vertical dimension. Binder shute yarns interconnect the upper and lower plies by being interwoven with the upper and lower plies so as to be contained within the body of the multi-ply fabric.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 5, 1987
    Date of Patent: November 10, 1987
    Assignee: B.I. Industries, Inc.
    Inventor: Kai F. Chiu
  • Patent number: 4636426
    Abstract: Disclosed is a papermaker's forming fabric which is produced from yarns including at least two parallel monofilament strands. Such yarns may be utilized exclusively in the cross-machine direction, or they may be utilized in both the machine and cross-machine directions. Such a fabric construction results in reduced knuckles thereby providing a fabric displaying improved sheet-release and reduced wire mark.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 4, 1985
    Date of Patent: January 13, 1987
    Assignee: Huyck Corporation
    Inventor: Thomas B. Fleischer
  • Patent number: 4632716
    Abstract: A woven dryer fabric A having a low fabric permeability characteristic is disclosed having multiple layers in which an intermediate layer includes cabled multi-filament weft elements (B) consisting of low-melt monofilament strands twisted together which are melted in the fabric to effect closure of the fabric mesh. In the weaving process, the cabled multi-filament weft elements have a softer texture which renders them more flexible and allows a more dense mesh count to provide for greater pre-melt void coverage. After melt, the multi-filaments become fused and flow into the void areas of the shed for more complete void coverage.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 8, 1983
    Date of Patent: December 30, 1986
    Assignee: Wangner Systems Corporation
    Inventor: Richard W. Smith
  • Patent number: 4611639
    Abstract: A forming fabric for use e.g. in the papermaking industry. The fabric comprises a first weave (1) including weft threads (4) and warp threads (3), and a second weave (2) which is interconnected with the first weave, said second weave comprising coarser weft threads (6), which interweave with warp threads (5) arranged in groups of at least two threads. The warp threads (5) of each group run in parallel with each other and weave alike with the weft threads (6) of the second weave (2).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 13, 1984
    Date of Patent: September 16, 1986
    Assignee: Nordiskafilt AB
    Inventor: Hans J. Bugge
  • Patent number: 4592395
    Abstract: A papermachine clothing comprising a fabric whose weave pattern does not have an axis of symmetry in the length direction, and which has in at least a portion of one fabric half a weave mirror-symmetrical to that in at least a portion of the second fabric half and wherein, along the line of contact of the mirror-symmetrical regions, corrective longitudinal wires are interwoven to prevent excessively long floats of the transverse wires on the running side.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 27, 1984
    Date of Patent: June 3, 1986
    Assignee: Hermann Wangner - GmbH & Co. KG
    Inventor: Georg Borel
  • Patent number: 4592396
    Abstract: A clothing for use in a papermaking machine wherein the fabric includes two or more fabric layers, each layer comprised of woven structural longitudinal and transverse threads and each interconnected by additional transverse binder threads, and wherein at least the structural transverse threads of the lower fabric layer jointly interwoven with the transverse binder threads are arranged in pairs or as twin threads.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 7, 1984
    Date of Patent: June 3, 1986
    Assignee: Hermann Wangner-GmbH & Co. KG
    Inventors: Georg Borel, Bengt Jonsson
  • Patent number: 4588632
    Abstract: An industrial fabric, and particularly a papermakers dryer fabric, is proposed wherein the permeability thereof is reduced by the inclusion of a continuous layer of an elastomeric open-cell foam therein which extends to and is contiguous with at least one surface of the base structure, the base structure comprising a link belt or a woven or knitted fabric.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 12, 1984
    Date of Patent: May 13, 1986
    Assignee: Scapa-Porritt Limited
    Inventors: Bryan J. Gisbourne, Paul F. Myerscough
  • Patent number: 4569375
    Abstract: A composite fabric for use as a clothing in paper-making machines comprising a plurality of interconnected fabric layers, each fabric layer having interwoven longitudinal wires and transverse wires and the fabric layers being interconnected in that at least part of the transverse wires of one or both of two adjacent fabric layers are interwoven with the longitudinal wires of the other fabric layer, the interweaving of the transverse wires of the one fabric layer with the longitudinal wires of the other fabric layer being such that the course of the transverse wires of the one layer and the other layer are interchanged.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 20, 1984
    Date of Patent: February 11, 1986
    Assignee: Hermann Wangner GmbH & Co. KG
    Inventor: Georg Borel
  • Patent number: 4567077
    Abstract: A conveyor belt such as a paper-making fabric, said belt being made of spirals (2, 3) assembled together by rods (5) or by imbrication. With a view to reducing the permeability or to changing the surface condition, it has a generally flat member bearing holes or notches (7) which is inserted inside the spirals (2, 3) so as to completely or partially fill the spaces between or inside the spirals.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 22, 1985
    Date of Patent: January 28, 1986
    Assignee: Cofpa
    Inventor: Maurice Gauthier
  • Patent number: 4564051
    Abstract: A paper web forming screen includes two screen fabric plies made of longitudinal and traverse filamentary elements. The upper ply is made of longitudinal and traverse mono- or multi- or staple-filaments whereas a part of longitudinal and/or traverse filamentary elements in the lower ply is made of mono- or multi- or staple-filaments and other parts of non-twisted bundles of component filaments. A component filament in respective bundles is passed at different tie points over traverse mono- or multi- or staple-filaments in the upper ply to replace a longitudinal mono- or multi- or staple-filament in the upper ply. The latter mono- or multi- or staple-filament is passed either below the traverse mono- or multi- or staple-filaments in the tie points or below traverse filaments in the lower ply. The component filaments in the bundles are of the same thickness as the longitudinal and traverse mono- or multi- or staple-filaments in the upper ply.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 12, 1984
    Date of Patent: January 14, 1986
    Assignee: Andreas Kufferath GmbH & Co. KG
    Inventor: Heinz Odenthal
  • Patent number: 4564052
    Abstract: A double-layer woven fabric comprising longitudinally extending warp wires and two layers of transversely extending weft wires, at least part of the warp wires being interwoven with weft wires of both weft layers and warp wires, separated by not more than one intermediate warp wire, extending pair-wise in parallel at least over part of their length on the paper side and/or on the running side of the fabric.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 28, 1984
    Date of Patent: January 14, 1986
    Assignee: Hermann Wangner GmbH & Co. KG
    Inventor: Georg Borel
  • Patent number: 4554953
    Abstract: A composite fabric comprising at least two fabric layers interconnected by transversely or by longitudinally extending threads and wherein at least a part of the transversely extending and at least a part of the longitudinally extending interconnecting threads are woven both into the upper and into the lower fabric layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 2, 1984
    Date of Patent: November 26, 1985
    Assignee: Hermann Wangner GmbH & Co.
    Inventors: Georg Borel, Hartmut Waldvogel
  • Patent number: 4529013
    Abstract: The warp and/or the weft of a woven papermakers fabric is made from a combination of polyester monofilament yarns and separate yarns of a different material preferably a more wear-resistant material so that the polyester yarns give adequate dimensional stability while the other yarns impart a different property, preferably, improved wear resistance.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 4, 1981
    Date of Patent: July 16, 1985
    Assignee: Scapa-Porritt Limited
    Inventor: Terence Miller
  • Patent number: 4501303
    Abstract: A forming fabric comprising an upper layer which is intended to serve as the paper-forming side and consists of thinner yarns, and a bottom layer which consists of coarser yarns. The two layers are interconnected in that threads form the upper layer alternately pass downwardy to interweave with the bottom layer and in the upper layer replace one another in such a manner that together these threads form the same weave pattern with the upper layer as the rest of the yarns in that layer, which yarns do not interweave with the bottom layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 14, 1982
    Date of Patent: February 26, 1985
    Assignee: Nordiskafilt AB
    Inventor: Lars B. Osterberg
  • Patent number: 4499927
    Abstract: A two-ply screen for the sheet forming zone of a papermaking machine comprises weft filaments arranged in pairs one over the other and warp filaments with all the warp filaments being woven into the top layer of the screen. Only part of the warp filaments are woven also into the bottom layer of the screen. The number of warp filaments in the top fabric layer serving to form the paper sheet is twice that contained in the bottom layer. The lower weft filaments are at least 20% and preferably at least 30% thicker than the warp filaments.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 8, 1983
    Date of Patent: February 19, 1985
    Assignee: Hermann Wangner GmbH & Co KG
    Inventor: Georg Borel
  • Patent number: 4470434
    Abstract: A single-ply paper machine wire having a top side and a bottom side and including longitudinal machine direction threads and cross-threads, comprising a first group of cross-threads having at least one pattern repeat comprising differential lacing interwoven with a maximum of five longitudinal threads for forming said top side of said wire; a second group of cross-threads, each thread of said second group of cross-threads disposed between a pair of threads of said first group of cross-threads; said second group of cross-threads having at least one pattern repeat interwoven with at least six longitudinal threads; said second group of cross-threads pattern repeat floating under at least five of said longitudinal threads on said bottom side; and, said longitudinal and said cross-threads being synthetic is disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 15, 1982
    Date of Patent: September 11, 1984
    Assignee: Siebtuchfabrik AG
    Inventor: Tauno A. Vuorio
  • Patent number: 4469142
    Abstract: A papermakers fabric having surface floats on both the paper surface and the non-paper contacting surface for improved sheet contact area and improved abrasion resistance. The fabric also includes a plurality of stuffer pick receiving sheds defined by warp yarns used to weave the fabric. Each of these sheds may receive a stuffer pick, the construction of which will be determined by the permeability required in the finished fabric, while the warp and weft yarns used to define the fabric remain unchanged. The warp ends of the fabric terminate in a pin seam made up of a number of enlarged seam loops which are created when a select number of warp yarns are symmetrically rewoven into the fabric.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 30, 1980
    Date of Patent: September 4, 1984
    Assignee: Scapa Inc.
    Inventor: William J. Harwood
  • Patent number: 4467839
    Abstract: A papermakers fabric woven in accordance with a preselected weave pattern. The fabric has a top surface, a bottom surface, and a center plane interposed between the top and bottom surfaces. The fabric is woven using high melting point or high degradation temperature synthetic warp yarns and similarly high melting point or high degradation temperature synthetic top and bottom weft yarns. The weft yarns in the center plane are lower melting point synthetic yarns. During heat stabilization, the fabric is exposed to sufficient heat to cause the low melting point stuffer yarns to melt and flow, and to reform in such a way that they fill to a desired extent the voids in the weave pattern where they have been inserted, thus, reducing permeability. The flow of the molten synthetic stuffer pick around and between the unmelted warp and weft yarns bonds the whole structure together, thereby improving fabric stability. Finally, because the melted stuffer pick acts as a monofilament yarn, the fabric tends to run cleaner.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 28, 1981
    Date of Patent: August 28, 1984
    Assignee: Scapa Inc.
    Inventor: William T. Westhead
  • Patent number: 4457968
    Abstract: A method for making a perfluoroolefin polymer filament belt is disclosed. The belt is substantially free of stretching under typical conditions of use including application of heat and force to the belt. This characteristic is produced by the process which includes the steps of weaving a belt and thermally fixing the woven belt by heating to the filaments to their white point while applying a force to the load bearing filaments.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 2, 1983
    Date of Patent: July 3, 1984
    Assignee: Niagara Lockport Industries, Inc.
    Inventor: Roger J. Harvey
  • Patent number: RE33195
    Abstract: A fabric, adapted for use in a belt of a papermaking machine, is formed of interwoven machine direction wrap and cross-machine direction shute type strands, at least the shute strands being woven in a repetitive pattern of passing over at least three adjacent warp strands and then passing under at least two adjacent warp strands so as to form a 3/2 type weave pattern.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 21, 1980
    Date of Patent: April 10, 1990
    Assignee: Asten Group, Inc.
    Inventors: Robert L. McDonald, Frank Biasone