With Working Patents (Class 148/609)
  • Patent number: 11384405
    Abstract: The invention relates to a ferritic stainless steel having excellent corrosion and sheet forming properties. The steel consists of in weight percentages 0.003-0.035% carbon, 0.05-1.0% silicon, 0.1-0.8% manganese, 20-24% chromium, 0.05-0.8% nickel, 0.003-0.5% molybdenum, 0.2-0.8% copper, 0.003-0.05% nitrogen, 0.05-0.8% titanium, 0.05-0.8% niobium, 0.03-0.5% vanadium, less than 0.04% aluminium, and the sum C+N less than 0.06%, the remainder being iron and inevitable impurities in such conditions, that the ratio (Ti+Nb)/(C+N) is higher or equal to 8, and less than 40, and the ratio Tieq/Ceq=(Ti+0.5l5*Nb+0.940*V)/(C+0.858*N) is higher or equal to 6, and less than 40.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 19, 2013
    Date of Patent: July 12, 2022
    Assignee: Outokumpu Oyj
    Inventors: Juha Kela, Joni Koskiniemi, Raimo Levonmaa
  • Patent number: 11339460
    Abstract: Disclosed are a ferritic stainless steel capable of inhibiting high temperature oxidation through generation of an effective oxide scale, and manufacturing method thereof. The ferritic stainless steel excellent in oxidation resistance at high temperature according to an embodiment of the present disclosure includes, in percent (%) by weight of the entire composition, Cr: 10 to 30%, Si: 0.2 to 1.0%, Mn: 0.1 to 2.0%, W: 0.3 to 2.5%, Ti: 0.001 to 0.15%, Al: 0.001 to 0.1%, the remainder of iron (Fe) and other inevitable impurities, and satisfies a following equation (1).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 6, 2018
    Date of Patent: May 24, 2022
    Assignee: POSCO
    Inventors: Il Chan Jung, Jin-Suk Kim, Han-Hyuk Go, Ji Eon Park
  • Patent number: 11287146
    Abstract: The present invention relates to an air conditioner. The air conditioner according to the present embodiment has a refrigeration capacity of 2 kW to 7 kW, inclusive, and uses R32 as a refrigerant circulating therein, and since a refrigerant pipe therein includes a ductile stainless steel pipe made of a material containing, at least, chrome (Cr), nickel (Ni), manganese (Mn) and copper (Cu), the refrigerant pipe can maintain strength and hardness as good as or better than those of a copper pipe, while also maintaining good processability.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 11, 2018
    Date of Patent: March 29, 2022
    Assignee: LG ELECTRONICS INC.
    Inventor: Seokpyo Hong
  • Patent number: 11286546
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for manufacturing a ferritic-austenitic stainless steel having good formability and high elongation. The stainless steel is heat treated so that the microstructure of the stainless steel contains 45-75% austenite in the heat treated condition, the remaining microstructure being ferrite, and the measured Md30 temperature of the stainless steel is adjusted between 0 and 50° C. in order to utilize the transformation induced plasticity (TRIP) for improving the formability of the stainless steel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 18, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 29, 2022
    Assignee: Outokumpu Oyj
    Inventors: James Oliver, Jan Y. Jonsson, Juho Talonen
  • Patent number: 11255004
    Abstract: The present invention provides a stainless steel including 21 to 23% by mass of Cr, 0.2 to 0.4% by mass of Mn, 1.0 to 2.0% by mass of Mo, 0.08 to 2.0% by mass or Al, 0.01 to 0.2% by mass of Ti, and 0.2 to 0.5% by mass of Nb, with the balance being Fe and inevitable impurities; an interconnector of a fuel cell or a base material for holding a cell of a fuel cell made of this stainless steel; and a solid oxide fuel cell including this interconnector or this base material for holding a cell.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 27, 2016
    Date of Patent: February 22, 2022
    Assignee: HONDA MOTOR CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Atsushi Koizumi, Yuichi Ienaga
  • Patent number: 11192165
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method for manufacturing a complex-formed component by using austenitic steels in a multi-stage process where cold forming and heating are alternated for at least two multi-stage process steps. The material during every process step and a component produced has an austenitic microstructure with non-magnetic reversible properties.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 22, 2017
    Date of Patent: December 7, 2021
    Assignee: Outokumpu Oyj
    Inventors: Thomas Fröhlich, Stefan Lindner
  • Patent number: 11008636
    Abstract: A stainless steel foil having a chemical composition comprising, by mass %, C: 0.015% or less, Si: 0.50% or less, Mn: 0.50% or less, P: 0.040% or less, S: 0.010% or less, Cr: 10.0% or more and less than 16.0%, Al: 2.5 to 4.5%, N: 0.015% or less, Ni: 0.05 to 0.50%, Cu: 0.01 to 0.10%, Mo: 0.01 to 0.15%, at least one selected from the group consisting of Ti: 0.01 to 0.30%, Zr: 0.01 to 0.20%, Hf: 0.01 to 0.20%, and REM: 0.01 to 0.20%, where Ti+Zr+Hf+2REM?0.06 and 0.30?Ti+Zr+Hf are satisfied.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 16, 2017
    Date of Patent: May 18, 2021
    Assignee: JFE STEEL CORPORATION
    Inventors: Akito Mizutani, Mitsuyuki Fujisawa
  • Patent number: 10995395
    Abstract: Maraging steel alloys are disclosed. The alloys are produced by microalloying of the maraging steel alloy to form carbides at prior austenite grain boundaries to increase Zener drag. A particular example alloy consists essentially of, by weight, 7.4 to 8.4 percent nickel, 7.6 to 8.6 percent chromium, 8.4 to 9.4 percent cobalt, 1.8 to 2.2 percent molybdenum, 2 to 2.6 percent tungsten, 1.6 to 2 percent aluminium, 0.05 to 0.08 percent carbon, a carbide former selected from the group consisting of: niobium at a concentration of 0.25 to 0.28 percent; titanium, at a concentration of 0.2 to 0.28 percent; and vanadium, at a concentration of 0.21 to 0.4 percent; the balance being iron and incidental impurities.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 8, 2019
    Date of Patent: May 4, 2021
    Assignee: ROLLS-ROYCE plc
    Inventors: Harshad K Bhadeshia, Paul O Hill, Martin J Rawson, Dominik J Dziedzic, Zixin Huang
  • Patent number: 10962492
    Abstract: Methods and systems for measuring and/or estimating a coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE) of a component of a fuel cell system. A CTE measurement technique includes securing a measurement member over a surface of the component via a seal having a melting point, heating the seal above its melting point of the seal, cooling the component, measurement member and seal to a second temperature below the melting point of the seal, and determining the CTE of the component based on the change in the span of the measurement member after cooling. A fuel cell component characterization technique includes measuring an electrical resistivity (ER), conductivity (EC), resistance or conductance of the component, measuring at least one additional property of the component which, together with ER, EC, resistance or conductance, correlates to the CTE of the component, and sorting the component based on the measurements.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 21, 2018
    Date of Patent: March 30, 2021
    Assignee: BLOOM ENERGY CORPORATION
    Inventors: Cheng-Yu Lin, Daniel Darga, Michael Groesch, Harald Herchen, Vijay Srivatsan
  • Patent number: 10807203
    Abstract: An austenitic-ferritic stainless steel welding material, comprising in weight %: C: <0.02 Si: <0.45 Mn: 1.60-2.05 P: <0.03 S: <0.03 Cr: 18.5-25 Ni: 8.5-10.5 Mo: <0.75 10 Co: <0.2 Cu: <0.75 N: 0.12-0.3 the balance being Fe and incidental impurities.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 26, 2013
    Date of Patent: October 20, 2020
    Assignee: ESAB SWEDEN AB
    Inventors: Anders Wallero, Lars Orrberg, Johan Lothman, Mikael Johansson, Sven-Ake Fager
  • Patent number: 10151012
    Abstract: A method of manufacturing a high-strength stainless steel pipe includes forming a steel pipe having a predetermined size, the steel having a composition comprising by mass % 0.005 to 0.05% C, 0.05 to 1.0% Si, 0.2 to 1.8% Mn, 0.03% or less P, 0.005% or less S, 14 to 20% Cr, 1.5 to 10% Ni, 1 to 5% Mo, 0.5% or less V, 0.15% or less N, 0.01% or less O, 0.002 to 0.1% Al, and Fe and unavoidable impurities as a balance; applying a quenching treatment two times or more to the steel pipe where the steel pipe is quenched by reheating to a temperature of 750° C. or above and cooling to a temperature of 100° C. or below at a cooling rate equal to or higher than an air-cooling rate; and applying a tempering treatment where the steel pipe is tempered at a temperature of 700° C. or below.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 4, 2014
    Date of Patent: December 11, 2018
    Assignee: JFE Steel Corporation
    Inventors: Kenichiro Eguchi, Yasuhide Ishiguro, Takeshi Suzuki, Hideo Sato, Tetsu Nakahashi
  • Patent number: 9598750
    Abstract: Disclosed herein is a high Cr Ferritic/Martensitic steel comprising 0.04 to 0.13% by weight of carbon, 0.03 to 0.07% by weight of silicon, 0.40 to 0.50% by weight of manganese, 0.40 to 0.50% by weight of nickel, 8.5 to 9.5% by weight of chromium, 0.45 to 0.55% by weight of molybdenum, 0.10 to 0.25% by weight of vanadium, 0.02 to 0.10% by weight of tantalum, 0.21 to 0.25% by weight of niobium, 1.5 to 3.0% by weight of tungsten, 0.015 to 0.025% by weight of nitrogen, 0.01 to 0.02% by weight of boron and iron balance. By regulating the contents of alloying elements such as nitrogen, born, the high Cr Ferritic/Martensitic steel with superior tensile strength and creep resistance is provided, and can be effectively used as an in-core component material for sodium-cooled fast reactor (SFR).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 25, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 21, 2017
    Assignees: KOREA ATOMIC ENERGY RESEARCH INSTITUTE, KOREA HYDRO AND NUCLEAR POWER CO., LTD
    Inventors: Sung Ho Kim, Jong Hyuk Baek, Tae Kyu Kim, Woo Gon Kim, Jun Hwan Kim, Chang Hee Han, Chan Bock Lee, Yeong-Il Kim, Dohee Hahn
  • Publication number: 20150129093
    Abstract: A method of processing a metal alloy includes heating to a temperature in a working temperature range from a recrystallization temperature of the metal alloy to a temperature less than an incipient melting temperature of the metal alloy, and working the alloy. At least a surface region is heated to a temperature in the working temperature range. The surface region is maintained within the working temperature range for a period of time to recrystallize the surface region of the metal alloy, and the alloy is cooled so as to minimize grain growth. In embodiments including superaustenitic and austenitic stainless steel alloys, process temperatures and times are selected to avoid precipitation of deleterious intermetallic sigma-phase. A hot worked superaustenitic stainless steel alloy having equiaxed grains throughout the alloy is also disclosed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 12, 2013
    Publication date: May 14, 2015
    Applicant: ATI PROPERTIES, INC.
    Inventors: Robin M. Forbes Jones, Ramesh S. Minisandram
  • Publication number: 20150101714
    Abstract: This disclosure deals with a class of metal alloys with advanced property combinations applicable to metallic sheet production. More specifically, the present application identifies the formation of metal alloys of relatively high strength and ductility and the use of one or more cycles of elevated temperature treatment and cold deformation to produce metallic sheet at reduced thickness with relatively high strength and ductility.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 18, 2014
    Publication date: April 16, 2015
    Inventors: Daniel James BRANAGAN, Grant G. JUSTICE, Andrew T. BALL, Jason K. WALLESER, Brian E. MEACHAM, Kurtis CLARK, Longzhou MA, Igor YAKUBTSOV, Scott Larish, Sheng CHENG, Taylor L. GIDDENS, Andrew E. FRERICHS, Alla V. SERGUEEVA
  • Publication number: 20150090372
    Abstract: This disclosure deals with a class of metal alloys with advanced property combinations applicable to metallic sheet production. More specifically, the present application identifies the formation of metal alloys of relatively high strength and ductility and the use of one or more cycles of elevated temperature treatment and cold deformation to produce metallic sheet at reduced thickness with relatively high strength and ductility.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 2, 2014
    Publication date: April 2, 2015
    Inventors: Daniel James BRANAGAN, Grant G. JUSTICE, Andrew T. BALL, Jason K. WALLESER, Brian E. MEACHAM, Kurtis CLARK, Longzhou MA, Igor YAKUBTSOV, Scott Larish, Sheng CHENG, Taylor L. GIDDENS, Andrew E. FRERICHS, Alla V. SERGUEEVA
  • Patent number: 8980018
    Abstract: Ferritic stainless steel sheet for an exhaust part which has little deterioration in strength even if undergoing long term heat history and is low in cost, excellent in heat resistance and workability characterized by containing, characterized by containing, by mass %, C: less than 0.010%, N: 0.020% or less, Si: over 0.1% to 2.0%, Mn: 2.0% or less, Cr: 12.0 to 25.0%, Cu: over 0.9 to 2%, Ti: 0.05 to 0.3%, Nb: 0.001 to 0.1%, Al: 1.0% or less, and B: 0.0003 to 0.003%, having a Cu/(Ti+Nb) of 5 or more, and having a balance of Fe and unavoidable impurities.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 25, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2015
    Assignee: Nippon Steel & Sumikin Stainless Steel Corporation
    Inventors: Junichi Hamada, Shinichi Teraoka, Yoshiharu Inoue, Norihiro Kanno
  • Publication number: 20140299239
    Abstract: Martensitic mixed phase stainless steel, which has in well balance between excellent strength and formability and excellent fatigue properties, and is inexpensive, and suitable for spring members, has: a chemical composition comprising C: 0.1-0.4%, Si: at most 2.0%, Mn: 0.1-6.0%, Cr: 10.0-28.0%, N: at most 0.17%, the remainder of Fe and impurities, and a metallurgical structure which includes a ferrite phase and a martensitic phase, and also a retained austenite phase of 5 volume % or less if necessary, and which satisfies a relationship of CM/CF?5.0 where an average value CF of C content existing in the ferrite phase, and an average value CM of C content existing in the martensite.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 22, 2012
    Publication date: October 9, 2014
    Inventors: Kazuhiko Adachi, Takashi Maeda, Masayuki Shibuya, Kazuyoshi Fujisawa, Yuuichi Fukumura
  • Publication number: 20140294662
    Abstract: The present invention has the ultimate purpose of obtaining cutlery having marked characteristics such as high hardness and high toughness, and provides an intermediate material, an annealed material, and a cold-rolled steel strip for stainless steel for cutlery, and a method for manufacturing them to achieve the purpose. Provided is an intermediate material for stainless steel for cutlery, the intermediate material being a material after hot rolling but before annealing, having a composition, in terms of % by mass, of from 0.46 to 0.72% C, from 0.15 to 0.55% Si, from 0.45 to 1.00% Mn, from 12.5 to 13.9% Cr, from 0 to 1.5% Mo, from 0 to 0.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 14, 2012
    Publication date: October 2, 2014
    Applicant: HITACHI METALS, LTD.
    Inventors: Tomonori Ueno, Goh Yoshiyama, Ichiro Kishigami
  • Publication number: 20140261918
    Abstract: Improved steel compositions and methods of making the same are provided. The present disclosure provides advantageous wear resistant steel. More particularly, the present disclosure provides high manganese (Mn) steel having enhanced wear resistance, and methods for fabricating high manganese steel compositions having enhanced wear resistance. The advantageous steel compositions/components of the present disclosure improve one or more of the following properties: wear resistance, ductility, crack resistance, erosion resistance, fatigue life, surface hardness, stress corrosion resistance, fatigue resistance, and/or environmental cracking resistance. In general, the present disclosure provides high manganese steels tailored to resist wear and/or erosion.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 4, 2014
    Publication date: September 18, 2014
    Applicant: ExxonMobil Research and Engineering Company
    Inventors: HyunWoo Jin, Ning Ma, Raghavan Ayer, Russell Robert Mueller, Hak-Cheol Lee, Jong-Kyo Choi, In-Shik Suh
  • Publication number: 20140261917
    Abstract: A high Si-containing austenitic stainless steel having corrosion resistance in a nitric acid environment at a high temperature is made by hot-rolling a slab of stainless steel and heat treating the hot-rolled stainless steel at a temperature of 1100 to 1160° C. The steel is cooled at cooling rate of at least 100° C./min. The stainless steel has a chemical composition containing: C: at most 0.04%; Cr: 7 to 20%, Ni: 10 to 22%, Si: 2.5 to 7%, Mn: at most 10%, sol. Al: at most 0.03%, P: at most 0.03%, S: at most 0.03%; N: at most 0.035%, a total of one or more of Nb, Ti, Ta, and Zr being 0.05 to 0.7%; and the remainder Fe and impurities. The heating temperature during the hot rolling is Th in which ?T of Formula (1): Th=1135?90Si?2.9Cr+40 Ni??T is at least 30?C.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 26, 2012
    Publication date: September 18, 2014
    Applicant: NIPPON STEEL & SUMITOMO METAL CORPORATION
    Inventors: Hayato Kita, Masayuki Shibuya, Shuuji Yoshida, Tomoyuki Sukawa
  • Publication number: 20140255719
    Abstract: A method of processing a non-magnetic alloy workpiece comprises heating the workpiece to a warm working temperature, open die press forging the workpiece to impart a desired strain in a central region of the workpiece, and radial forging the workpiece to impart a desired strain in a surface region of the workpiece. In a non-limiting embodiment, after the steps of open die press forging and radial forging, the strain imparted in the surface region is substantially equivalent to the strain imparted in the central region. In another non-limiting embodiment, the strain imparted in the central and surface regions are in a range from 0.3 inch/inch to 1 inch/inch, and there exists no more than a 0.5 inch/inch difference in strain of the central region compared with the strain of the surface region of the workpiece. An alloy forging processed according to methods described herein also is disclosed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 11, 2013
    Publication date: September 11, 2014
    Applicant: ATI PROPERTIES, INC.
    Inventors: Robin M. Forbes Jones, George J. Smith, JR., Jason P. Floder, Jean-Philippe A. Thomas, Ramesh S. Minisandram
  • Publication number: 20140041770
    Abstract: A purpose of the present invention is to provide a martensitic stainless steel tube exhibiting excellent performance even in severe corrosive environments in which a partial pressure of hydrogen sulfide exceeds 0.03 bar. Provided is a low C-high Cr alloy steel tube for OCTG (Oil Country Tubular Goods) having minimum yield strength of 862 MPa and excellent corrosion resistance, wherein the steel tube contains, in percent by mass, 0.005 to 0.05% C, 12 to 16% Cr, 1.0% or less Si, 2.0% or less Mn, 3.5 to 7.5% Ni, 1.5 to 3.5% Mo, 0.01 to 0.05% V, 0.02% or less N, and 0.01 to 0.06% Ta and satisfies the relationship in the following formula (1), and the rest comprises Fe and unavoidable impurities.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 3, 2011
    Publication date: February 13, 2014
    Applicant: NKK TUBES
    Inventors: Shuji Hashizume, Yusuke Minami, Tomomi Taniguchi
  • Patent number: 8628631
    Abstract: The present invention provides a ferritic stainless steel casting and a sheet thereof excellent in deep drawability, punch stretchability and ridging resistance and a method for producing the casting and the sheet. In the present invention, a chemical composition is controlled so that the amounts of C, N, Si, Mn, P and Ti may be reduced to the utmost for securing high workability and, on the basis of the chemical composition, the roping and ridging of a steel sheet product is reduced by adding Mg, thus dispersing Mg containing oxides that accelerate the formation of nuclei for solidification and, resultantly, suppressing the development of coarse columnar crystals in a casting. The present invention is characterized in that the average composition of the Mg containing oxides dispersing in a casting satisfies the following expressions <2> and <3>, 17.4(Al2O3)+3.9(MgO)+0.3(MgAl2O4)+18.7(CaO)?500??<2>, (Al2O3)+(MgO)+(MgAl2O4)+(CaO)?95??<3>.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 5, 2011
    Date of Patent: January 14, 2014
    Assignee: Nippon Steel & Sumikin Stainless Steel Corporation
    Inventors: Akihiko Takahashi, Junichi Hamada, Ken Kimura, Takashi Morohoshi, Yoshihito Yamada, Toyohiko Kakihara, Satoshi Hashimoto
  • Publication number: 20140011044
    Abstract: A steel foil for a solar cell substrate includes 7% to 40% by mass of Cr and has a tensile strength of 930 MPa or more in a direction perpendicular to the rolling direction.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 8, 2011
    Publication date: January 9, 2014
    Applicant: JFE Steel Corporation
    Inventors: Yasuhiro Yamaguchi, Atsutaka Honda, Naoki Nishiyama
  • Publication number: 20130174949
    Abstract: Inexpensive stainless steel and inexpensive and high strength stainless steel which has excellent hydrogen environment embrittlement resistance even if used in a hydrogen resistant environment in over 40 MPa high pressure hydrogen gas or a hydrogen resistant environment in liquid hydrogen, characterized by containing, by mass %, C: 0.1% or less, Si: 0.4 to 1.5%, Mn: 8 to 11%, Cr: 15 to 17%, Ni: 5 to 8%, Cu: 1 to 4%, and N: 0.01 to less than 0.15% and having a balance of Fe and unavoidable impurities, having a volume rate of ?-ferrite of 10% or less, and having a long axis of ?-ferrite before annealing of 0.04 to 0.1 mm.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 29, 2011
    Publication date: July 11, 2013
    Applicant: NIPPON STEEL & SUMIKIN STAINLESS STEEL CORPORATION
    Inventors: Masaharu Hatano, Shigeo Fukumoto, Hideki Fujii, Shinichi Ohmiya
  • Publication number: 20130174948
    Abstract: The invention concerns an austenite-ferrite stainless steel composition, whose composition contains in % by weight: 0.01%?C?0.10% 20.0%?Cr?24.0% 1.0%?Ni?3.0% 0.12%?N?0.20% 0.5%?Mn?2.0% 1.6%?Cu?3.0% 0.05% 5 Mo 5 1.0% W?0.15% 0.05%?Mo +W/2?1.0% 0.2%?Si?1.5% Al?0.05% V?0.5% Nb?0.5% Ti?0.5% B?0.003% Co?0.5% REM?0.1% Ca?0.03% Mg?0.1% Se?0.005% O?0.01% S?0.030% P?0.040% the rest being iron and impurities resulting from the production and the microstructure being composed of austenite and 35 to 65% ferrite by volume, the composition furthermore obeying the following relations: 40?IF?65 with IF=10%Cr+5.1%Mo+1.4%Mn+24.3%Si+35%Nb+71.5%Ti?595.4%C?245.1%N?9.3%Ni?3.3%Cu?99.8 and IRCGCU?32.0 with IRCGCU=%Cr+3.3%Mo+2%Cu+16%N+2.6%Ni?0.7%Mn and 0?IU?6.0 with IU=3%Ni+%Cu+%Mn?100%C?25%N?2(%Cr+%Si)?6%Mo+45 as well as a method of manufacture of plates, bands, coils, bars, wires, profiles, forged pieces and molded pieces of this steel.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 5, 2011
    Publication date: July 11, 2013
    Applicants: UGITECH, ArcelorMittal Investigacion Y Desarrollo SL
    Inventors: Jerome Peultier, Amelie Fanica, Nicolas Renaudot, Christophe Bourgin, Eric Chauveau, Marc Mantel
  • Patent number: 8444782
    Abstract: Provided is a method of manufacturing a high strength ferritic/martensitic steel. The method includes melting a ferritic/martensitic steel, hot-working the melted ferritic/martensitic steel, normalizing the hot-worked ferritic/martensitic steel at a temperature of about 1050° C. to about 1200° C., tempering the ferritic/martensitic steel at a temperature of about 600° C. or less, and leaving MX precipitates while preventing a M23C6 precipitate from being precipitated, and cold-working and thermal-treating the ferritic/martensitic steel in a multistage fashion, and precipitating M23C6 precipitates. Through the above described configuration, the high strength ferritic/martensitic steel that prevents a ductility from being deteriorated even in a high-temperature environment may be manufactured.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 4, 2009
    Date of Patent: May 21, 2013
    Assignee: Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute
    Inventors: Woo-Gon Kim, Chan-Bock Lee, Jong-Hyuk Baek, Do-Hee Hahn, Sung-Ho Kim, Chang-Hee Han, Tae-Kyu Kim, Jun-Hwan Kim
  • Patent number: 8435443
    Abstract: An iron-based high-temperature alloy has the following chemical composition (values given being in % by weight): 20 Cr, 4 to 8 Al, at least one of the elements Ta and Mo with a sum of 4 to 8, 0-0.2 Zr, 0.02-0.05 B, 0.1-0.2 Y, 0-0.5 Si, remainder Fe. The alloy can be produced at low cost and is distinguished in comparison with the known prior art by outstanding oxidation resistance and good mechanical properties at high temperatures up to 1000° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 28, 2008
    Date of Patent: May 7, 2013
    Assignee: ALSTOM Technology Ltd.
    Inventors: Mohamed Youssef Nazmy, Andreas Kuenzler, Markus Staubli
  • Publication number: 20130014864
    Abstract: High strength dual-phase structure stainless steel sheet and steel strip which are excellent in corrosion resistance, the dual-phase structure stainless steel sheet and steel strip having a Vicker's hardness of 200 HV or more and characterized by containing, by mass %, C: 0.02 to 0.20%, Si: 0.10 to 2.0%, Mn: 0.20 to 2.0%, P: 0.040% or less, S: 0.010% or less, Cr: 15.0 to 18.0%, Ni: 0.5 to 4.0%, Sn: 0.05 to 0.50, and N: 0.010 to 0.10%, having a ?p of 60 to 95 in range, having a balance of substantially Fe, and having a ferrite and martensite dual-phase structure formed by being heated to the ferrite and austenite dual-phase region, then the austenite phase transforming to martenite in the subsequent cooling process, where ?p=420C+470N+23Ni+7Mn+9Cu?11.5Cr?11.5Si?12Mo?7Sn?49Ti?47Nb?52Al+189.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 29, 2011
    Publication date: January 17, 2013
    Applicant: NIPPON STEEL & SUMIKIN STAINLESS STEEL CORPORATION
    Inventors: Shinichi Teraoka, Shunji Sakamoto
  • Publication number: 20130008573
    Abstract: Ferritic stainless steel sheet for an exhaust part which has little deterioration in strength even if undergoing long term heat history and is low in cost, excellent in heat resistance and workability characterized by containing, characterized by containing, by mass %, C: less than 0.010%, N: 0.020% or less, Si: over 0.1% to 2.0%, Mn: 2.0% or less, Cr: 12.0 to 25.0%, Cu: over 0.9 to 2%, Ti: 0.05 to 0.3%, Nb: 0.001 to 0.1%, Al: 1.0% or less, and B: 0.0003 to 0.003%, having a Cu/(Ti+Nb) of 5 or more, and having a balance of Fe and unavoidable impurities.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 25, 2011
    Publication date: January 10, 2013
    Inventors: Junichi Hamada, Shinichi Teraoka, Yoshiharu Inoue, Norihiro Kanno
  • Publication number: 20130004360
    Abstract: Ferritic stainless steel sheet which has a high oxidation resistance and scale spallation resistance even at a high temperature near 1000° C., characterized by containing C: 0.020% or less, N: 0.020% or less, Si: over 0.10 to 0.35%, Mn: 0.10 to 0.60%, Cr: 16.5 to 20.0%, Nb: 0.30 to 0.80%, Mo: over 2.50 to 3.50%, and Cu: 1.00 to 2.50%, having an amount of increase of oxidation after a continuous oxidation test in the air at 1000° C. for 200 hours of 4.0 mg/cm2 or less, and having an amount of scale spallation of 1.0 mg/cm2 or less.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 11, 2011
    Publication date: January 3, 2013
    Inventors: Norihiro Kanno, Yoshiharu Inoue, Junichi Hamada
  • Publication number: 20120273092
    Abstract: A method of manufacturing a hot press-hardened component comprises the following production steps: a) providing a steel product produced at least in sections from a stainless steel comprising of the following composition (specified in % wt.) C: 0.010-1.200%, P: up to 0.1%, S: up to 0.1%, Si: 0.10-1.5%, Cr: 10.5-20.0% and optionally one or more elements from the group “Mn, Mo, Ni, Cu, N, Ti, Nb, B, V, Al, Ca, As, Sn, Sb, Pb, Bi, H” with the requirement Mn: 0.10-3.0%, Mo: 0.05-2.50%, Ni: 0.05-8.50%, Cu: 0.050-3.00%, N: 0.01-0.2%, Ti: up to 0.02%, Nb: up to 0.1%, B: up to 0.1%, V: up to 0.2%, Al: 0.001-1.50%, Ca: 0.0005-0.003%, As: 0.003-0.015%, Sn: 0.003-0.01%, Sb: 0.002-0.01%, Pb: up to 0.01%, Bi: up to 0.01%, H: up to 0.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 17, 2010
    Publication date: November 1, 2012
    Applicant: THYSSENKRUPP NIROSTA GMBH
    Inventor: Evelin Ratte
  • Patent number: 8293038
    Abstract: The present invention provides a ferritic stainless steel casting and a sheet thereof excellent in deep drawability, punch stretchability and ridging resistance and a method for producing the casting and the sheet. In the present invention, a chemical composition is controlled so that the amounts of C, N, Si, Mn, P and Ti may be reduced to the utmost for securing high workability and, on the basis of the chemical composition, the roping and ridging of a steel sheet product is reduced by adding Mg, thus dispersing Mg containing oxides that accelerate the formation of nuclei for solidification and, resultantly, suppressing the development of coarse columnar crystals in a casting. The present invention is characterized in that the average composition of the Mg containing oxides dispersing in a casting satisfies the following expressions <2> and <3>, 17.4(Al2O3)+3.9(MgO)+0.3(MgAl2O4)+18.7(CaO)?500??<2>, (Al2O3)+(MgO)+(MgAl2O4)+(CaO)?95??<3>.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 13, 2007
    Date of Patent: October 23, 2012
    Assignee: Nippon Steel & Sumikin Stainless Steel Corporation
    Inventors: Akihiko Takahashi, Junichi Hamada, Ken Kimura, Takashi Morohoshi, Yoshihito Yamada, Toyohiko Kakihara, Satoshi Hashimoto
  • Patent number: 8293037
    Abstract: A method for producing a duplex stainless steel pipe having a minimum yield strength of 758.3 to 965.2 MPa, comprises first hot working and optionally solution heat treating a duplex stainless steel material pipe having a chemical composition consisting, by mass %, of C: 0.03% or less, Si: 1% or less, Mn: 0.1 to 4%, Cr: 20 to 35%, Ni: 3 to 10%, Mo: 0 to 6%, W: 0 to 6%, Cu: 0 to 3% and N: 0.15 to 0.60%, the balance being Fe and impurities. The pipe is then cold rolled under conditions that the working ratio Rd, in terms of the reduction of area, in the final cold rolling step falls within a range from 10 to 80%, and formula (1) is satisfied: Rd=exp[{In(MYS)?In(14.5×Cr+48.3×Mo+20.7×W+6.9×N)}/0.195]??(1) wherein Rd is a reduction in area %, MYS is the targeted yield strength (MPa), and Cr, Mo, W and N are in mass %.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 18, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 23, 2012
    Assignee: Sumitomo Metal Industries, Ltd.
    Inventors: Hitoshi Suwabe, Toshihide Ono
  • Publication number: 20120241052
    Abstract: The present disclosure relates to a ferritic stainless steel and fabrication method of a ferritic stainless steel comprising, by weight %, C: above 0 wt % to 0.01 wt % or less, Si: above 0 wt % to 0.5 wt % or less, Mn: above 0 wt % to 2.0 wt % or less, P: 0 wt % or more to 0.04 wt % or less, S: 0 wt % or more to 0.02 wt % or less, Cr: 12 wt % or more to 19 wt % or less, Mo: 0 wt % or more to 1.0 wt % or less, W: 2 wt % of more to 7 wt % or less, Ti: 0 wt % or more to 0.3 wt % or less, Nb: above 0 wt % to 0.6 wt % or less, N: above 0 wt % to 0.01 wt % or less, Al: 0 wt % or more to 0.1 wt % or less; and the balance of Fe and other inevitable impurities.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 23, 2011
    Publication date: September 27, 2012
    Inventors: Sang-Seok Kim, Do-leal Yoo, Bo-Sung Seo
  • Publication number: 20120168044
    Abstract: A heat-resistant component for a chemical processing apparatus is formed from a ferritic Cr-steel that contains Cr in an amount of from 13% by weight to 30% by mass. The ferritic Cr-steel has a creep rate of 1×10?51h or less at 700° C. under stress of 100 MPa, and an oxidation weight gain of 10 mg/cm2 or less after being maintained in a 650° C. water vapor for 1,000 h. The heat-resistant component for a chemical processing apparatus is produced by hot working the ferritic Cr-steel in a temperature range of 850 to 1,200° C., forming the ferritic Cr-steel into a component shape, subjecting the steel to an annealing treatment in a temperature range of 1,000 to 1,250° C., and cooling the steel to 400° C. or less at a cooling rate of 100° C./min or higher.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 3, 2010
    Publication date: July 5, 2012
    Inventors: Kazuhiro Kimura, Yoshiaki Toda, Hideaki Kushima, Kota Sawada
  • Publication number: 20120132325
    Abstract: A ferritic Cr-steel for a heat-resistant precision component contains Cr in an amount of from 13% by mass to 30% by mass, and has a thermal expansion coefficient of 15×10?6 or less in a temperature range of from room temperature to 800° C., and a minimum creep rate of 1×10?4/h or less at 700° C. under stress of 100 MPa. The ferritic Cr-steel for a heat-resistant precision component is produced by hot working a ferritic Cr-steel in a temperature range of 850 to 1,200° C., forming the ferritic Cr-steel into a predetermined shape, subjecting the steel to an annealing treatment in a temperature range of 1,000 to 1,250° C., and cooling the steel to 400° C. or less at a cooling rate of 100° C./min or higher. The production of the ferritic Cr-steel realizes a heat-resistant precision component, such as the rotor, disc, and blade of a turbine, that can withstand use under high temperatures above 600° C.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 3, 2010
    Publication date: May 31, 2012
    Inventors: Kazuhiro Kimura, Yoshiaki Toda, Hideaki Kushima, Kota Sawada
  • Patent number: 8097098
    Abstract: The invention concerns martensitic stainless steel, characterized in that its composition in weight percentages is as follows: 9%=Cr=13%; 1.5%=Mo=3%; 8%=Ni=14%; 1%=Al=2%; 0.5%=Ti=1.5% with AI+Ti=2.25%; traces=Co=2%; traces=W=1% with Mo+(W/2)=3%; traces=P=0.02%; traces=S=0.0050%; traces=N=0.0060%; traces=C=0.025%; traces=Cu=0.5%; traces=Mn=3%; traces=Si=0.25%; traces=O=0.0050%; and is such that: Ms (° C.)=1302 42 Cr 63 Ni 30 Mo+20AI-15W-33Mn-28Si-30Cu-13Co+10 Ti=50Cr eq/Ni eq=1.05 with Cr eq (%)=Cr+2Si+Mo+1.5 Ti+5.5 AI+0.6W Ni eq (%)=2Ni+0.5 Mn+3O C+25 N+Co+0.3 Cu. The invention also concerns a method for making a mechanical part using said steel, and the resulting part.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 26, 2006
    Date of Patent: January 17, 2012
    Assignee: Aubert & Duval
    Inventor: Jacques Montagnon
  • Publication number: 20120000580
    Abstract: A corrosion-resistant austenitic steel is claimed which, in each case relative to 100 mass percent, contains 20 to 32% manganese, 10 to 15% chromium, a total of 0.5 to 1.3% carbon and nitrogen, wherein the ratio of carbon to nitrogen is 0.5 to 1.5, the remainder being iron and melt-related impurities. The claimed steel can be produced and processed at normal pressure and has TWIP properties. It is in particular suited for producing structural components in constructs, such as in the automotive industry.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 3, 2010
    Publication date: January 5, 2012
    Applicant: MAX-PLANCK-INSTITUT FUER EISENFORSCHUNG GMBH
    Inventors: Sebastian Weber, Lais Mujica Roncery
  • Publication number: 20110236248
    Abstract: The present invention provides high purity ferrite stainless steel able to reduce deterioration in surface conditions due to pitting corrosion or rusting or other corrosion to an extent no different from SUS304 or better without inviting a drop in manufacturability or workability and without relying on the addition of rare elements, and a method of production of the same, that is, ferritic stainless steel containing, by mass %, C: 0.01% or less, Si: 0.01 to 0.20%, Mn: 0.01 to 0.30%, P: 0.04% or less, S: 0.01% or less, Cr: 13 to 22%, N: 0.001 to 0.020%, Ti: 0.05 to 0.35%, Al: 0.005 to 0.050%, Sn: 0.001 to 1%, and a balance of Fe and unavoidable impurities to which Sn is added to modify the passive film and improve the corrosion resistance. To improve the effect of modification of the passive film by the addition of Sn, after the final annealing, the steel is held in the 200 to 700° C. temperature range for 1 minute or more.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 13, 2009
    Publication date: September 29, 2011
    Inventors: Masaharu Hatano, Akihiko Takahashi
  • Publication number: 20110162764
    Abstract: High-Cr ferritic/martensitic steels having an improved tensile strength and creep resistance are provided, which includes 0.04˜0.13 weight % of carbon, 0.03˜0.07 weight % of silicon, 0.40˜0.50 weight % of manganese, 0.40˜0.50 weight % of nickel, 8.5˜9.5 weight % of chromium, 0.45˜0.55 weight % of molybdenum, 0.10˜0.25 weight % of vanadium, 0.02˜0.10 weight % of tantalum, 0.15˜0.25 weight % of niobium, 1.5˜3.0 weight % of tungsten, 0.05˜0.12 weight % of nitrogen, 0.004˜0.008 weight % of boron, and optionally, 0.002˜0.010 weight % of phosphorus or 0.01˜0.08 weight % of zirconium, and iron balance. By regulating the contents of alloying elements such as niobium, tantalum, tungsten, nitrogen, boron, zirconium, carbon, the high-Cr ferritic/martensitic steels with superior tensile strength and creep resistance are provided, and can be effectively used as an in-core structural material for Generation IV sodium-cooled fast reactor (SFR) which is used under high temperature and high irradiation conditions.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 5, 2011
    Publication date: July 7, 2011
    Applicants: KOREA ATOMIC ENERGY RESEARCH INSTITUTE, KOREA HYDRO AND NUCLEAR POWER CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Sung Ho Kim, Jong Hyuk Baek, Tae Kyu Kim, Woo Gon Kim, Jun Hwan Kim, Chang Hee Han, Chan Bock Lee, Yeong-Il Kim, Dohee Hahn
  • Patent number: 7947136
    Abstract: An austenitic, substantially ferrite-free steel alloy and a process for producing components therefrom. This Abstract is not intended to define the invention disclosed in the specification, nor intended to limit the scope of the invention in any way.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 16, 2010
    Date of Patent: May 24, 2011
    Assignees: Boehler Edelstahl GmbH & Co KG, Schoeller-Bleckmann Oilfield Technology GmbH
    Inventors: Gabriele Saller, Herbert Aigner, Josef Bernauer, Raimund Huber
  • Publication number: 20110114232
    Abstract: The present invention aims at providing: a method for manufacturing such a kind of gasket-oriented steel plate excellent in elasticity and formability, in a manner to allow for reduction of a breaking elongation of the steel plate to thereby improve a formability (punchability) thereof while improving a proof stress of the steel plate against a repeated stress from a discharge valve to thereby maintain a higher elasticity of the steel plate; and a gasket able to withstand the repeated stress from the discharge valve. The manufacturing method of a gasket-oriented steel plate of the present invention comprises the steps of: annealing a starting steel material having a composition of: Mn less than 0.5%, Ni less than 2.0%, and Cr less than 12.0%; and subsequently temper rolling the annealed starting steel material at a rolling reduction ratio of 10% or more; and the gasket of the present invention is formed by adopting a gasket-oriented steel plate obtained by the above manufacturing method.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 2, 2009
    Publication date: May 19, 2011
    Applicant: NOK Corporation
    Inventors: Takashi Nakao, Nobuaki Tanaka
  • Patent number: 7922840
    Abstract: A method for producing hot-rolled strip from austenitic stainless steels. In a first step, a cast product is subjected to a rolling operation in a rolling mill with a finishing train, and, in a second step, a heat treatment is carried out to prevent susceptibility to corrosion, especially intergranular corrosion due to chromium carbide precipitation. To establish the final rolling temperature (Twe), a run-in temperature (Tein) of the cast product into the finishing train of the rolling mill that is above 1,150° C., and preferably above 1,200° C., is established by a multistage heating process, especially a two-stage heating process, which comprises a preheating stage and an intensive heating stage, and the heat treatment is carried out by directly utilizing the rolling heat.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 15, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 12, 2011
    Assignee: SMS Siemag Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Ingo Schuster, Manfred Albedyhl
  • Publication number: 20110061776
    Abstract: The invention relates to a hot-rolled sheet made of austenitic stainless steel, the chemical composition of which comprises, the contents being expressed by weight: 0.015%?C?0.030%, 0.5%?Mn?2%, Si?2%, 16.5%?Cr?18%, 6%?Ni?7%, S?0.015%, P?0.045%, Al?0.050%, 0.15%?Nb?0.31%, 0.12%?N?0.16%, the Nb and N contents being such that: Nb/8+0.1%?N?Nb/8+0.12%, optionally: Mo?0.6%, 0.0005%?B?0.0025%, the balance of the composition consisting of iron and inevitable impurities resulting from the smelting.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 3, 2009
    Publication date: March 17, 2011
    Applicant: ARCELORMITTAL-STAINLESS FRANCE
    Inventors: Jean-Christophe Glez, Valerie Kostoj
  • Publication number: 20110033731
    Abstract: A ferritic stainless steel suited for use as a member for heat exchangers to be brazed with Ni-based filler metal or Cu-based filler metal, comprising, on the basis of mass percent, C: 0.03% or less, Si: 3% or less, Mn: 2% or less, P: 0.05% or less, S: 0.03% or less, Cr: from 11 to 30%, Nb: from 0.15 to 0.8%, and N: 0.03% or less, wherein the balance is composed of Fe and incidental impurities, and wherein a value A determined by the following equation is 0.10 or greater: A=Nb?(C×92.9/12+N×92.9/14).
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 11, 2009
    Publication date: February 10, 2011
    Applicant: NISSHIN STEEL CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Akinori Kawano, Taichirou Mizoguchi, Kouki Tomimura, Wakahiro Harada
  • Publication number: 20110000589
    Abstract: This ferrite-austenite stainless steel sheet includes: in terms of mass %, C: 0.1% or less; Cr: 17 to 25%; Si: 1% or less; Mn: 3.7% or less; Ni: 0.6 to 3%; Cu: 0.1 to 3%; and N: 0.06% or more and less than 0.15%, with the remainder being Fe and inevitable impurities, wherein the steel sheet has a two-phase structure consisting of a ferrite phase and an austenite phase, a volume fraction of the austenite phase is in a range of 15 to 70%, and in a sheet plane (ND) of a center of a sheet thickness, grains of the ferrite phase having a crystal orientation satisfying ND//{111}±10° and grains of the ferrite phase having a crystal orientation satisfying ND//{101}±10° are present in a total content of 10% by area or more.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 30, 2009
    Publication date: January 6, 2011
    Applicant: Nippon Steel & Sumikin Stainless Steel Corporation
    Inventors: Masaharu Hatano, Akihiko Takahashi, Eiichiro Ishimaru, Ken Kimura
  • Publication number: 20100170596
    Abstract: An austenitic, substantially ferrite-free steel alloy and a process for producing components therefrom. This Abstract is not intended to define the invention disclosed in the specification, nor intended to limit the scope of the invention in any way.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 16, 2010
    Publication date: July 8, 2010
    Applicants: Boehler Edelstahl GmbH & Co KG, Schoeller-Bleckmann Oilfield Technology GmbH
    Inventors: Gabriele Saller, Herbert Aigner, Josef Bernauer, Raimund Huber
  • Publication number: 20100122754
    Abstract: A high-strength martensite heat resisting steel which has long-time creep rupture strength required for steam temperature condition of 600-630° C. and toughness at room temperature, and which is suitable for use as a material of a steam turbine rotor shaft and as large-sized forged steel with an improvement of hot forgeability. A method of producing the steel and applications of the steel are also provided. The high-strength martensite heat resisting steel contains 0.05-0.20% by mass of C, 0.1% or less of Si, 0.05-0.6% of Mn, 0.1-0.6% of Ni, 9.0-12.0% of Cr, 0.20-0.65% of Mo, 2.0-3.0% of W, 0.1-0.3% of V, 2.0% or less of Co, 0.02-0.20% of Nb, 0.015% or less of B, 0.01-0.10% of N, and 0.015% or less of Al, (W/Mo) being 4.0-10.0.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 28, 2006
    Publication date: May 20, 2010
    Inventors: Hirotsugu Kawanaka, Masahiko Arai, Hideo Yoda
  • Patent number: 7708841
    Abstract: An austenitic, substantially ferrite-free steel alloy and a process for producing components therefrom. This Abstract is not intended to define the invention disclosed in the specification, nor intended to limit the scope of the invention in any way.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 2, 2004
    Date of Patent: May 4, 2010
    Assignees: Boehler Edelstahl GmbH & Co KG, Schoeller-Bleckmann Oilfield Technology GmbH
    Inventors: Gabriele Saller, Herbert Aigner, Josef Bernauer, Raimund Huber