Containing 10 Percent Or More Manganese(mn) (e.g., Hadfield Steel, Etc.) Patents (Class 148/619)
  • Patent number: 8999085
    Abstract: A high-ductility, high-strength and high Mn steel strip used for steel strips of automobiles requiring superior formability and high strength, a plated steel strip produced by using the same, and a manufacturing method thereof are disclosed. The high Mn steel strip comprises, by weight %, 0.2˜1.5% of C, 10˜25% of Mn, 0.01˜3.0% of Al, 0.005˜2.0% of Si, 0.03% or less of P, 0.03% or less of S, 0.040% or less of N, and the balance of Fe and other unavoidable impurities. The high-ductility, high-strength and high Mn steel strip, and the plated steel strip produced by using the same have superior surface properties and plating characteristics.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 22, 2006
    Date of Patent: April 7, 2015
    Assignee: Posco
    Inventors: Seong-Ju Kim, Kwang-Geun Chin, Hyun-Gyu Hwang, Sung-Kyu Kim, Il-Ryoung Sohn, Young-Kook Lee, Oh-Yeon Lee
  • Patent number: 8926772
    Abstract: The invention relates to a hot rolled sheet which is made from austenitic iron/carbon/manganese steel and which has a resistance of greater than 900 MPa, whereby: resistance (MPa) x elongation at rupture (%) is greater than 45000. The chemical composition of the inventive sheet comprises the following concentrations expressed as weight: 0.5%=C=0.7%, 17%=Mn=24%, Si=3%, Al=0.05%, S=0.03%, P=0.08%, N=0.1% and, optionally, one or more elements such as Cr=1%, Mo=0.4%, Ni=1%, Ti=0.5%, Nb=0.5%, V=0.5%, Cu=5%, Cu=5%, the rest of the composition comprising iron and impurities resulting from production. According to the invention, the recrystallised fraction of the steel is greater than 75% and the surface fraction of precipitated carbides of the steel is less than 1.5%, the average grain size of the steel being less than 18 micrometers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 8, 2004
    Date of Patent: January 6, 2015
    Assignee: Usinor
    Inventors: Mohamed Bouzekri, Michel Faral, Colin Scott
  • Patent number: 8636857
    Abstract: A method to obtain a manganese steel alloy having a percentage weight of carbon varying from about 0.5% to about 2%, a percentage weight of manganese varying from about 10% to about 20%, and a percentage weight of titanium varying from about 0.01% to about 5%. The method comprises at lest a step wherein a determinate quantity of steel scarp with manganese or steel scarp with carbon is melted in order to define a metal bath, a step wherein, in order to deoxidize the metal bath a determinate percentage weight of aluminum is added, a step wherein a determinate percentage weight of nitrogen is added, a step wherein a determinate percentage weight of titanium is added, and a step wherein the metal bath is cast at a determinate temperature.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 12, 2005
    Date of Patent: January 28, 2014
    Assignee: F.A.R.—Fonderie Acciaierie ROIALE SpA
    Inventors: Alberto Andreussi, Primo Andreussi, Enrico Veneroso, Eddy Pontelli
  • Patent number: 8585837
    Abstract: The manufacturing method of high-manganese spheroidal graphite cast iron with exhibiting low magnetism, and excellent wear resistance, castability, and machinability, and having a composition which consists of, 2.5 to 4.0 wt. % of C content, 1.5 to 6.0 wt. % of Si content, 7.0 to 18.0 wt. % of Mn content, and 0.015 to 0.1 wt. % of Mg content, and when the Mn content falls within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 wt. %, consists of 10.0 wt. % or smaller of Ni content, or when the Mn content falls within the range of 10.0 to 18.0 wt. %, consists of Ni content being in the range satisfies the following formula: [Mn wt. %>Ni wt. %], the method comprises heating the above cast iron to the temperature of 1073 to 1373K to decompose the carbides, and then quenching from 1073 to 1273K the resulting cast iron to form a metastable austenite matrix structure that contains no carbide or a reduced amount of carbides.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 1, 2010
    Date of Patent: November 19, 2013
    Assignee: Hokkou Metal Industry Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Eiji Otsuki, Toshiharu Kon, Ren Oyake
  • Publication number: 20130081740
    Abstract: A novel FeMnAlC alloy, comprising 23˜34 wt. % Mn, 6˜12 wt. % Al, and 1.4˜2.2 wt. % C with the balance being Fe, is disclosed. The as-quenched alloy contains an extremely high density of nano-sized (Fe,Mn)3AlCx carbides (??-carbides) formed within austenite matrix by spinodal decomposition during quenching. With almost equivalent elongation, the yield strength of the present alloys after aging is about 30% higher than that of the optimally aged FeMnAlC (C?1.3 wt. %) alloy systems disclosed in prior arts. Moreover, the as-quenched alloy is directly nitrided at 450˜550° C., the resultant surface microhardness and corrosion resistance in 3.5% NaCl solution are far superior to those obtained previously for the optimally nitrided commercial alloy steels and stainless steels, presumably due to the formation of a nitrided layer consisting predominantly of AlN.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 27, 2012
    Publication date: April 4, 2013
  • Publication number: 20100037993
    Abstract: The present invention provides a TWIP steel sheet that has an austenite matrix structure and includes 15-25 wt % of manganese. The TWIP steel sheet has a recrystallization texture in which brass orientation is suppressed and {3 5 2} <2 2 1> is developed as its main orientation during heat treatment subsequent to cold rolling, and has an average plastic strain ratio of 1.2 or more, preferably 1.5 or more. Since this TWIP steel sheet has high workability and strength, complicated vehicle body components can be easily manufactured through a press molding process without cracking or rupturing.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 24, 2008
    Publication date: February 18, 2010
    Inventors: So Youn Kim, Seung Hyun Hong
  • Patent number: 7658883
    Abstract: Novel carbon-plus-nitrogen corrosion-resistant ferrous and austenitic alloys, apparatus incorporating an inventive alloy, and methods of making and using the apparatus are described. The corrosion-resistant ferrous and austenitic alloys comprise no greater than about 4 wt. % nickel, are characterized by a strength greater than about 700 MPa (100 ksi), and, when being essentially free of molybdenum (<0.3 wt. %), have minimum Pitting Resistance Equivalence (PRE) numbers of 20 and minimum Measure of Alloying for Corrosion Resistance numbers (MARC) of 30 because of the use of both carbon and nitrogen. The ferrous and austenitic alloys are particularly formulated for use in oilfield operations, especially sour oil and gas wells and reservoirs. This abstract allows a searcher or other reader to quickly ascertain the subject matter of the disclosure. It will not be used to interpret or limit the scope or meaning of the claims.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 18, 2006
    Date of Patent: February 9, 2010
    Assignee: Schlumberger Technology Corporation
    Inventors: Manuel Marya, Rashmi Bhavsar
  • Publication number: 20080226490
    Abstract: A low-density alloy and the fabrication method thereof are disclosed. The alloy comprises, in weight percent, equal to or greater than 15 wt. % but lower than or equal to 22.5 wt. % manganese, equal to or greater than 7.2 wt. % but lower than or equal to 9.0 wt. % aluminum, equal to or greater than 5.1 wt. % but lower than or equal to 7.8 wt. % chromium, equal to or greater than 0.6 wt. % but lower than or equal to 1.2 wt. % carbon and the balance of iron. The golf-club head made from the abovementioned alloy can obtain superior elongation, strength, damping capacity, and corrosion resistance even without any hot/cold working process, such as forging, rolling, etc.; therefore, the fabrication cost thereof can be obviously reduced.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 17, 2006
    Publication date: September 18, 2008
    Inventors: Tzeng-Feng Liu, Jian-Wei Lee
  • Patent number: 6908589
    Abstract: The purpose of the present invention is to provide high manganese cast iron containing spheroidal vanadium carbide and method for making which is nonmagnetic as well as superior mechanical properties such as wear-resistance and toughness, and further does not require a water toughing heat treatment which has been needed when nonmagnetic high manganese steel (high manganese cast steel) is obtained by crystallized spheroidal vanadium in austenite matrix, and the high manganese cast iron containing spheroidal vanadium carbide is comprised of C 1.5˜4.0 weight %, V 6˜15 weight %, Si 0.2˜4.0 weight %, Mn 10˜18 weight %, Mg 0.01˜0.1 weight %, remaining iron (Fe) and inevitable impurities, spheroidal vanadium carbide is crystallized within a structure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 13, 2003
    Date of Patent: June 21, 2005
    Assignees: Osaka Prefecture, Kabushiki Kaisha Sankyogokin Chuzoasho, Okamoto Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Tadashi Kitudo, Mamoru Takemura, Mituaki Matumuro, Hideto Matumoto, Takao Horie, Kazumichi Shimizu
  • Patent number: 6617050
    Abstract: An alloy for golf club head include by weight 25 to 31 wt % manganese, 6.3 to 7.8 wt % aluminum, 0.65 to 0.85 wt % carbon and 5.5 to 9.0 wt % chromium, and the balance being iron. Additions of 0.8 to 1.5 wt % silicon, 2.0 to 5.0 wt % titanium, or 0.5 to 1.0 wt % molybdenum are optionally included in the alloy. Due to the chromium, titanium and molybdenum, the alloy has a good resistance to corrosion, a good finished surface quality after being forged at a temperature from 800° C. to 1050° C. A combination of high ductility and high tensile strength is achieved after the alloy has been treated at a temperature from 980° C. to 1080° C. for 1 to 24 hours.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 19, 2001
    Date of Patent: September 9, 2003
    Assignee: O-Ta Precision Casting Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Chih-Yeh Chao
  • Patent number: 6358338
    Abstract: The invention relates to a process for producing strip made of an iron-carbon-manganese alloy, in which: a thin strip, having a thickness of 1.5 to 10 mm, is cast directly on a casting machine from a liquid metal of composition, in percentages by weight: C ranging between 0.001 and 1.6%; Mn ranging between 6 and 30%; Ni≦10% with (Mn+Ni) ranging between 16 and 30%; Si≦2.5%; Al≦6%; Cr≦10%; (P+Sn+Sb+As)≦0.2%; (S+Se+Te)≦0.5%; (V+Ti+Nb+B+Zr+rare earths)≦3%; (Mo+W)≦0.5%; N≦0.3%; Cu≦5%, the balance being iron and impurities resulting from the smelting; the said strip is cold rolled with a reduction ratio ranging between 10 and 90% in one or more steps; and the said strip undergoes recrystallization annealing. The invention also relates to a strip that can be produced by this process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 7, 2000
    Date of Patent: March 19, 2002
    Assignee: Usinor
    Inventors: Nicolas Guelton, Michel Faral, Odile Faral
  • Patent number: 5810950
    Abstract: Methods for annealing and pickling high manganese cold rolled steel sheets for use in automobiles and electronic panels in which a superior formability and high strengths are required are disclosed. That is, the invention provides a method for annealing a cold rolled high manganese steel sheet, in which, after cold-rolling a high manganese steel of Fe--Mn--Al--C series, the annealing atmospheric gas is adjusted during an annealing so as to minimize the thickness of a surface oxide layer, and an oxide layer removing agent such as aluminum nitride is spread into the oxide layer, so that the surface oxide layer can be easily removed. The invention further provides a method for pickling a cold rolled high manganese steel sheet, in which the surface oxide layer formed on the cold rolled high manganese steel sheet is uniformly removed with a mild aqueous solution of chloric acid, thereby improving the surface quality of the steel sheet, and saving the pickling facility cost.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 28, 1997
    Date of Patent: September 22, 1998
    Assignees: Pohang Iron & Steel Co., Ltd., Research Institute of Industrial Science & Technology
    Inventors: Tai Woung Kim, Shin Hwa Park, Young Gil Kim
  • Patent number: 5634990
    Abstract: An Fe-Mn vibration damping alloy steel having a mixture structure of .epsilon., .alpha.' and .gamma.. The alloy steel consists of iron, manganese from 10 to 24% by weight and limited amounts of impurities. The alloy steel is manufactured by preparing an ingot at a temperature of C. to C. for 12 to 40 hours to homogenize the ingot and hot-rolling the homogenized ingot to produce a rolled alloy bar or plate, performing solid solution treatment on the alloy steel at C. to C. for 30 to 60 minutes, cooling the alloy steel by air or water, and cold rolling the alloy steel at a reduction rate of greater than 0% and below 30% at around room temperature.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 25, 1995
    Date of Patent: June 3, 1997
    Assignee: Woojin Osk Corporation
    Inventors: Chong-Sool Choi, Man-Eob Lee, Seung-Han Baek, Yong-Chul Son, Jeong-Cheol Kim, Joong-Hwan Jun, Young-Sam Ko
  • Patent number: 5308408
    Abstract: A wear resisting steel of the Hadfield-type and method for its production are provided. This iron base alloy contains in its basic composition following alloying carbon, manganese, silicon and optionally chromium, and/or molybdenum, and/or tungsten. The matrix of the steel is formed by the ductile austenite. Carbides appear on the grain boundaries in the form of roundish, hard, separate precipitates. In the grain boundary zone and inside the grains are hard, needle-shaped nitride and carbonitrides to improve the wear resistance especially against abrasive wear. In accordance with the method the steel is solution heat treated at a temperature range below C. (e.g., to below C.) so that carbide, nitride and carbonitride precipitates formed in the microstructure following casting are partially but not completely dissolved.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 9, 1993
    Date of Patent: May 3, 1994
    Assignee: Lokomo Oy
    Inventor: Reijo Katila
  • Patent number: 5290372
    Abstract: A vibration damping alloy has a mixed structure of martensite and austenite. The alloy steel is iron-based to which 14-22% by weight of manganese is added. The vibration damping alloy is manufactured by mixing electrolytic iron and manganese in a molten state. The molten mixture, containing 14-22% of manganese with the remainder of iron, is cast as an ingot. The ingot is homogenized at C. for 20-40 hours and then hot rolled at C. for 20 minutes to 90 minutes. The ingot is cooled with air or water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 19, 1992
    Date of Patent: March 1, 1994
    Assignee: Woojin Osk Corporation
    Inventors: Jong-Sul Choi, Seung-Han Baek, Jun-Dong Kim