With Working Patents (Class 148/620)
  • Patent number: 10988819
    Abstract: A high-strength steel material that has a chemical composition containing, by mass %, C: 0.30 to 1.0%, Si: 0.05 to 1.0%, Mn: 16.0 to 35.0%, P: 0.030% or less, S: 0.030% or less, Al: 0.003 to 0.06%, N: 0.1% or less, V: 0 to 3.0%, Ti: 0 to 1.5%, Nb: 0 to 1.5%, Cr: 0 to 5.0%, Mo: 0 to 3.0%, Cu: 0 to 1.0%, Ni: 0 to 1.0%, B: 0 to 0.02%, Zr: 0 to 0.5%, Ta: 0 to 0.5%, Ca: 0 to 0.005%, Mg: 0 to 0.005%, and the balance: Fe and impurities, and that satisfies [V+Ti+Nb>2.0], in which: a number density of carbides/carbo-nitrides having a circle-equivalent diameter of 5 to 30 nm precipitating in the steel is 50 to 700/?m2, and a number density of carbides/carbo-nitrides having a circle-equivalent diameter of more than 100 nm precipitating in the steel is less than 10/?m2; a yield stress is 758 MPa or more; and a KISSC value obtained in a DCB test is 33.7 MPa·m0.5 or more.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 15, 2017
    Date of Patent: April 27, 2021
    Assignee: Nippon Steel Corporation
    Inventors: Shinji Yoshida, Yuji Arai
  • Patent number: 10214790
    Abstract: A method is disclosed for producing components from an austenitic lightweight steel which is metastable in its initial state, by forming of a sheet, a circuit board or a pipe in one or more steps, exhibiting a temperature-dependent TRIP and/or TWIP effect during forming. To obtain a component with, in particular, high toughness, the forming is carried out at a temperature above room temperature, at 40 to 160° C., which avoids the TRIP/TWIP effect, and to achieve in particular high component strength, the forming is carried out at a temperature below room temperature, at ?65 to 0° C., which enhances the TRIP/TWIP effect.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 6, 2013
    Date of Patent: February 26, 2019
    Assignee: Salzgitter Flachstahl GmbH
    Inventors: Thomas Evertz, Manuel Otto, Bianca Springub, Zacharias Georgeou
  • Patent number: 10071448
    Abstract: A blade configured for use in a blending apparatus includes a body portion and a pair of wing portions extending from the body portion. At least a leading edge of the blade is forged to increase a hardness property. The leading edge may have a minimum thickness that provides a relatively blunt leading edge. The wing portions of the blade may be formed after forging the blade.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 23, 2014
    Date of Patent: September 11, 2018
    Assignee: BlendTec, Inc.
    Inventors: Joseph O. Jacobsen, C. David Voorhees, Thomas D. Dickson, Jr.
  • Patent number: 10041156
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a high strength austenitic-based steel with remarkable toughness of a welding heat-affected zone and a preparation method therefor. One embodiment of the present invention provides: a high strength austenitic-based steel with remarkable toughness of a welding heat-affected zone, comprising 0.8-1.5 wt % of C, 15-22 wt % of Mn, 5 wt % or less of Cr (except 0), and the balance of Fe and other inevitable impurities, and further comprising at least one of the following (a) and (b), wherein the microstructure of a welding heat-affected zone comprises 90% or more of austenite by volume fraction; and a preparation method therefor. (a) Mo: 0.1-1% and B: 0.001-0.02% (b) Ti: 0.01-0.3% and N: 0.003-0.1%.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 24, 2013
    Date of Patent: August 7, 2018
    Assignee: POSCO
    Inventors: Hak-Cheol Lee, In-Shik Suh, Soon-Gi Lee, In-Gyu Park, Yong-Jin Kim, Hong-Ju Lee
  • Patent number: 9677146
    Abstract: A hot-rolled austenitic manganese steel strip having a chemical composition in percent by weight of 0.4%?C?1.2%, 12.0%?Mn?25.0%, P?0.01% and Al?0.05% has a product of elongation at break in % and tensile strength in MPa of above 65,000 MPa %, in particular above 70,000 MPa %. A cold-rolled austenitic manganese steel strip having the same chemical composition achieves a product of elongation at break in % and tensile strength in MPa of above 75,000 MPa %, in particular above 80,000 MPa %.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 11, 2011
    Date of Patent: June 13, 2017
    Assignee: VOESTALPINE STAHL GMBH
    Inventors: Reinhold Schneider, Ludovic Samek, Enno Arenholz, Klemens Mraczek, Mario Hartl
  • Patent number: 9068239
    Abstract: A forming tool and a method for the press-hardening and tempered forming of a blank from high and/or very high strength steels are provided, in which the blank is heated before the tempered forming and then formed hot or semi-hot in a forming tool, wherein the forming tool has means for tempering. This is achieved in that the forming tool makes precisely defined temperature guidance of the blank during forming, and in that a plurality of controllable means are provided in the forming tool for tempering the forming tool, by which a plurality of temperature zones can be tempered in the forming tool, wherein at least contact surfaces of forming tool elements used for the tempered forming are allocated to individual temperature zones.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 24, 2007
    Date of Patent: June 30, 2015
    Assignee: ThyssenKrupp Steel Europe AG
    Inventors: Franz-Josef Lenze, Sascha Sikora
  • Patent number: 9062362
    Abstract: As a precipitate hardening stainless steel has excellent structure stability, strength, toughness, and corrosion resistance, requires no sub-zero treating and is excellent in terms of productivity, a long blade for a steam turbine uses the same. The following are provided: a precipitate hardening stainless steel, which comprises C at 0.05 mass % or less, N at 0.05 mass % or less, Cr at 10.0 mass % to 14.0 mass %, Ni at 8.5 mass % to 11.5 mass %, Mo at 0.5 mass % to 3.0 mass %, Ti at 1.5 mass % to 2.0 mass %, Al at 0.25 mass % to 1.00 mass %, Si at 0.5 mass % or less, and Mn at 1.0 mass % or less, and the balance is composed of Fe and inevitable impurities. The long blade for a steam turbine is composed of this precipitate hardening stainless steel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 13, 2012
    Date of Patent: June 23, 2015
    Assignee: Mitsubishi Hitachi Power Systems, Ltd.
    Inventors: Shinji Oikawa, Hideo Yoda, Masahiko Arai, Hiroyuki Doi
  • Publication number: 20150114526
    Abstract: Provided is a Fe—Mn—C-based twinning-induced plasticity (TWIP) steel which includes 13 wt % to 24 wt % of manganese (Mn), 0.4 wt % to 1.2 wt % of carbon (C), and iron (Fe) as well as other unavoidable impurities as a remainder, is manufactured by caliber rolling, has a microstructure including elongated grains that are elongated in a rolling direction, and has an average grain size of the elongated grains in a direction perpendicular to the rolling direction of 1 ?m or less.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 17, 2012
    Publication date: April 30, 2015
    Applicant: POSTECH ACADEMY-INDUSTRY FOUNDATION
    Inventors: Tae Kyung Lee, Chong Soo Lee, Seok Weon Song, Jae Hyung Kim, Kaneaki Tsuzaki, Motomichi Koyama
  • Publication number: 20150101714
    Abstract: This disclosure deals with a class of metal alloys with advanced property combinations applicable to metallic sheet production. More specifically, the present application identifies the formation of metal alloys of relatively high strength and ductility and the use of one or more cycles of elevated temperature treatment and cold deformation to produce metallic sheet at reduced thickness with relatively high strength and ductility.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 18, 2014
    Publication date: April 16, 2015
    Inventors: Daniel James BRANAGAN, Grant G. JUSTICE, Andrew T. BALL, Jason K. WALLESER, Brian E. MEACHAM, Kurtis CLARK, Longzhou MA, Igor YAKUBTSOV, Scott Larish, Sheng CHENG, Taylor L. GIDDENS, Andrew E. FRERICHS, Alla V. SERGUEEVA
  • Patent number: 8999085
    Abstract: A high-ductility, high-strength and high Mn steel strip used for steel strips of automobiles requiring superior formability and high strength, a plated steel strip produced by using the same, and a manufacturing method thereof are disclosed. The high Mn steel strip comprises, by weight %, 0.2˜1.5% of C, 10˜25% of Mn, 0.01˜3.0% of Al, 0.005˜2.0% of Si, 0.03% or less of P, 0.03% or less of S, 0.040% or less of N, and the balance of Fe and other unavoidable impurities. The high-ductility, high-strength and high Mn steel strip, and the plated steel strip produced by using the same have superior surface properties and plating characteristics.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 22, 2006
    Date of Patent: April 7, 2015
    Assignee: Posco
    Inventors: Seong-Ju Kim, Kwang-Geun Chin, Hyun-Gyu Hwang, Sung-Kyu Kim, Il-Ryoung Sohn, Young-Kook Lee, Oh-Yeon Lee
  • Patent number: 8926772
    Abstract: The invention relates to a hot rolled sheet which is made from austenitic iron/carbon/manganese steel and which has a resistance of greater than 900 MPa, whereby: resistance (MPa) x elongation at rupture (%) is greater than 45000. The chemical composition of the inventive sheet comprises the following concentrations expressed as weight: 0.5%=C=0.7%, 17%=Mn=24%, Si=3%, Al=0.05%, S=0.03%, P=0.08%, N=0.1% and, optionally, one or more elements such as Cr=1%, Mo=0.4%, Ni=1%, Ti=0.5%, Nb=0.5%, V=0.5%, Cu=5%, Cu=5%, the rest of the composition comprising iron and impurities resulting from production. According to the invention, the recrystallised fraction of the steel is greater than 75% and the surface fraction of precipitated carbides of the steel is less than 1.5%, the average grain size of the steel being less than 18 micrometers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 8, 2004
    Date of Patent: January 6, 2015
    Assignee: Usinor
    Inventors: Mohamed Bouzekri, Michel Faral, Colin Scott
  • Publication number: 20140360632
    Abstract: A method of manufacturing a high strength steel sheet having excellent formability suitable for the material of an automotive part has a tensile strength (TS) of 980 MPa or more and total elongation (EL) is 25% or more. A steel slab has a chemical composition containing C: 0.03% to 0.35%, Si: 0.5% to 3.0%, Mn: 3.5% to 10.0%, P: 0.100% or less, S: 0.02% or less, and the remainder includes Fe and incidental impurities on a percent by mass basis is hot-rolled, a heat treatment is performed, in which an achieved temperature of Ac1 to Ac1+100° C. is held for 3 minutes or more, subsequently, cold rolling is performed at a rolling reduction of 20% or more and, annealing is performed, in which an achieved temperature of Ac1?30° C. to Ac1+100° C. is held for 1 minute or more.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 17, 2012
    Publication date: December 11, 2014
    Applicant: JFE Steel Corporation
    Inventors: Hiroshi Hasegawa, Yoshiyasu Kawasaki, Tatsuya Nakagaito, Shinjiro Kaneko, Yasunobu Nagataki
  • Publication number: 20140308156
    Abstract: Provided are a steel sheet for warm press forming that can have high strength, good elongation, and thus improved crashworthiness after being warm pressed, and a warm-pressed member formed of the steel sheet, and manufacturing methods thereof. The steel sheet for warm press forming includes, by weight %, C: 0.01% to 0.5%, Si: 3.0% or less (excluding 0%), Mn: 3% to 15%, P: 0.0001% to 0.1%, S: 0.0001% to 0.03%, Al: 3.0% or less (excluding 0%), N: 0.03% or less (excluding 0%), and the balance of Fe and inevitable impurities.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 5, 2012
    Publication date: October 16, 2014
    Inventors: Jin-Keun Oh, Kyoo-Young Lee, Yeol-Rae Cho, Eul-Yong Choi, Ki-Soo Kim
  • Publication number: 20140261918
    Abstract: Improved steel compositions and methods of making the same are provided. The present disclosure provides advantageous wear resistant steel. More particularly, the present disclosure provides high manganese (Mn) steel having enhanced wear resistance, and methods for fabricating high manganese steel compositions having enhanced wear resistance. The advantageous steel compositions/components of the present disclosure improve one or more of the following properties: wear resistance, ductility, crack resistance, erosion resistance, fatigue life, surface hardness, stress corrosion resistance, fatigue resistance, and/or environmental cracking resistance. In general, the present disclosure provides high manganese steels tailored to resist wear and/or erosion.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 4, 2014
    Publication date: September 18, 2014
    Applicant: ExxonMobil Research and Engineering Company
    Inventors: HyunWoo Jin, Ning Ma, Raghavan Ayer, Russell Robert Mueller, Hak-Cheol Lee, Jong-Kyo Choi, In-Shik Suh
  • Publication number: 20140261917
    Abstract: A high Si-containing austenitic stainless steel having corrosion resistance in a nitric acid environment at a high temperature is made by hot-rolling a slab of stainless steel and heat treating the hot-rolled stainless steel at a temperature of 1100 to 1160° C. The steel is cooled at cooling rate of at least 100° C./min. The stainless steel has a chemical composition containing: C: at most 0.04%; Cr: 7 to 20%, Ni: 10 to 22%, Si: 2.5 to 7%, Mn: at most 10%, sol. Al: at most 0.03%, P: at most 0.03%, S: at most 0.03%; N: at most 0.035%, a total of one or more of Nb, Ti, Ta, and Zr being 0.05 to 0.7%; and the remainder Fe and impurities. The heating temperature during the hot rolling is Th in which ?T of Formula (1): Th=1135?90Si?2.9Cr+40 Ni??T is at least 30?C.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 26, 2012
    Publication date: September 18, 2014
    Applicant: NIPPON STEEL & SUMITOMO METAL CORPORATION
    Inventors: Hayato Kita, Masayuki Shibuya, Shuuji Yoshida, Tomoyuki Sukawa
  • Publication number: 20140158257
    Abstract: In a method for producing a motor vehicle component and a motor vehicle component produced according to the invention a steel sheet with a stacking fault energy between 10 and 40 mJ/m2 and a manganese content between 10 and 30% is provided, which is prone to twin formation at room temperature and has at least regions with a predominantly austenitic microstructure. Regions of this steel sheet are first temperature treated to a temperature between +30° C. and ?250° C. and subsequently cold formed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 29, 2013
    Publication date: June 12, 2014
    Applicant: Benteler Automobiltechnik GmbH
    Inventors: Andreas Frehn, Thomas Niendorf, Christian Rüsing, Hans Jürgen Maier
  • Publication number: 20130306744
    Abstract: A high coercivity bias piece for making acousto-magnetic labels is made of an alloy strip with 10-14% weight percent Mn, less than 7% weight percent of one or more other transitional metals, with the balance Fe, after cold rolling to final gage, going through a final aging heat treatment at below 590 C, longer than 5 minutes. The strip thickness is 0.065-0.18 mm with coercivity measured by direct current method being 56-90 Oe. The method of making the high coercivity bias piece is to cold roll the strip to 0.07-0.15 mm with aging temperature at 450-570 C, for 0.5-20 hours to form a magnetic strip with coercivity of 60-85 Oe, followed by cutting the strip to required size. This high coercivity bias piece is manufactured without expensive Co and Ni materials, showing that a low cost Fe-(10-14% weight percent Mn) based alloy can be used to make high coercivity bias.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 18, 2012
    Publication date: November 21, 2013
    Inventor: Lin Li
  • Publication number: 20130087253
    Abstract: A high strength steel sheet has tensile strength of at least 1470 MPa and (tensile strength×total elongation) of at least 29000 MPa·% with a composition including, by mass %, C: 0.30% to 0.73%, Si: 3.0% or less, Al: 3.0% or less, Si+Al: at least 0.7%, Cr: 0.2% to 8.0%, Mn: 10.0% or less, Cr+Mn: at least 1.0%, P: 0.1% or less, S: 0.07% or less, N: 0.010% or less, and remainder as Fe and incidental impurities; and processing the steel sheet such that microstructure satisfies area ratio of martensite with respect to the microstructure of 15% to 90%; content of retained austenite of 10% to 50%; at least 50% of the martensite is constituted of tempered martensite and area ratio of the tempered martensite with respect to the microstructure is at least 10%; and area ratio of polygonal ferrite with respect to the microstructure is 10% or less.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 28, 2011
    Publication date: April 11, 2013
    Applicant: JFE STEEL CORPORATION
    Inventors: Hiroshi Matsuda, Yoshimasa Funakawa, Yasushi Tanaka
  • Patent number: 8328961
    Abstract: The invention concerns an iron-nickel alloy strip comprising the following expressed in wt. %: 32?Co+Ni?45%, 0?Co?6.5%, 0?Cr=6.5%, Cu?3%, Si?0.5%, Mn?0.75%, the rest being made up of iron and unavoidable impurities resulting from production, whereof the microstructure has a recrystallized volume fraction ranging from 3 to 97%, whereof the thickness is less than 0.5 mm. The invention also concerns the use thereof in the manufacture of support grids for integrated circuits.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 4, 2005
    Date of Patent: December 11, 2012
    Assignee: Imphy Alloys
    Inventors: Georges Martinez, Pierre-Louis Reydet, Gilles Bresson, Gilles Coccoz, Jean-Luc Spire, Jerome Giusti
  • Publication number: 20120128524
    Abstract: Provided are a high-strength, high-manganese steel wire rod having excellent cold heading quality and not requiring spheroidizing and quenching-tempering treatments during manufacturing a bolt and a method of manufacturing a bolt using the steel wire rod. The method of manufacturing a steel wire rod includes heating a steel containing 12 to 25 wt % of Mn within a temperature range of 1100° C. to 1250° C., hot rolling the heated steel within a temperature range of 700° C. to 1100° C., and cooling the hot rolled steel to a temperature of 200° C. or less and cold caliber rolling or drawing to manufacture a steel wire rod.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 11, 2011
    Publication date: May 24, 2012
    Inventors: Young Soo CHUN, Chong Soo LEE, You Hwan LEE, Kyung Tae PARK, Tae Kyung LEE, Sung Hyuk PARK, Chan Hee PARK, Ji Soo KIM, Young Kook LEE
  • Publication number: 20110240179
    Abstract: The invention relates to a process for producing a component having improved elongation at break properties, in which a component (6) is firstly produced, preferably in a hot forming or press curing process (4), and the component (6) is heat treated after hot forming and/or press curing (4), where the heat treatment temperature T and the heat treatment time t essentially satisfy the numerical relationship T?900·T?0.087, where the heat treatment temperature T is in ° C. and the heat treatment time t is in seconds. The invention also relates to a component, in particular an automobile body component or the chassis of a motor vehicle, which has been produced by such a process. The invention further relates to the use of such a component as part of an automobile body or a chassis of a motor vehicle.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 8, 2011
    Publication date: October 6, 2011
    Applicant: THYSSENKRUPP STEEL EUROPE AG
    Inventors: Franz-Josef Lenze, Sascha Sikora, Janko Banik
  • Patent number: 7976650
    Abstract: The invention relates to a process for manufacturing a corrosion-resistant cold-rolled sheet of iron-carbon-manganese austenitic steel, comprising the following steps: a sheet whose chemical composition comprises, the contents being expressed by weight: 0.35%?C?1.05%, 16%?Mn?24%, the balance of the composition consisting of iron and inevitable impurities resulting from its smelting, is provided; said sheet is cold-rolled; and a recrystallization annealing treatment is carried out on said sheet in a furnace containing a gas chosen from gases that are reducing with respect to iron, the parameters of said annealing being chosen in such a way that said sheet is covered on both its sides with an essentially amorphous (Fe,Mn)O oxide sublayer and with an external crystalline manganese oxide (MnO) layer, the total thickness of these two layers being equal to or greater than 0.5 microns.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 10, 2005
    Date of Patent: July 12, 2011
    Assignee: ARCELOR France
    Inventors: Pascal Drillet, Daniel Bouleau
  • Publication number: 20100258218
    Abstract: The present invention features a high-strength and light TWIP steel sheet which can be used to manufacture vehicle body parts, and a method of manufacturing the same.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 2, 2009
    Publication date: October 14, 2010
    Applicants: HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY, KIA MOTORS CORPORATION
    Inventors: Seung Hyun Hong, Se Jin Ko
  • Patent number: 7799148
    Abstract: Iron-carbon-manganese austenitic steel sheet, the chemical composition of which comprises, the contents being expressed by weight: 0.45%?C?0.75%; 15%?Mn?26%; Si?3%; Al?0.050%; S?0.030%; P?0.080%; N?0.1%; at least one metal element chosen from vanadium, titanium, niobium, chromium and molybdenum, where 0.050%?V?0.50%; 0.040%?Ti?0.50; 0.070%?Nb?0.50%; 0.070%?Cr?2%; 0.14%?Mo?2%; and, optionally, one or more elements chosen from 0.0005%?B?0.003%; Ni?1%; Cu?5%, the balance of the composition consisting of iron and inevitable impurities resulting from the smelting, the amounts of said at least one metal element in the form of precipitated carbides, nitrides or carbonitrides being: 0.030%?Vp?0.150%; 0.030%?Tip?0.130%; 0.040%?Nbp?0.220%; 0.070%?Crp?0.6%; 0.14%?Mop?0.44%.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 10, 2006
    Date of Patent: September 21, 2010
    Assignee: Arcelor France
    Inventors: Colin Scott, Philippe Cugy, Maurita Roscini, Anne Dez, Dominique Cornette
  • Patent number: 7794552
    Abstract: A hot-rolled austenitic iron/carbon/manganese steel sheet, the strength of which is greater than 1200 MPa, the product P (strength (in MPa)×elongation at break (in %)) of which is greater than 65 000 MPa % and the nominal chemical composition of which comprises, the contents being expressed by weight: 0.85%?C?1.05%; 16%?Mn?19%; Si?2%; Al?0.050%; S?0.030%; P?0.050%; N?0.1%, and, optionally, one or more elements chosen from: Cr?1%; Mo?0.40%; Ni?1%; Cu?5%; Ti?0.50%; Nb?0.50%; V?0.50%, the rest of the composition consisting of iron and inevitable impurities resulting from the smelting, the recrystallized surface fraction of said steel being equal to 100%, the surface fraction of precipitated carbides of said steel being equal to 0% and the mean grain size of said steel being less than or equal to 10 microns.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 4, 2005
    Date of Patent: September 14, 2010
    Assignee: Arcelor France
    Inventors: Philippe Cugy, Nicolas Guelton, Colin Scott, Francois Stouvenot, Marie-Christine Theyssier
  • Patent number: 7708841
    Abstract: An austenitic, substantially ferrite-free steel alloy and a process for producing components therefrom. This Abstract is not intended to define the invention disclosed in the specification, nor intended to limit the scope of the invention in any way.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 2, 2004
    Date of Patent: May 4, 2010
    Assignees: Boehler Edelstahl GmbH & Co KG, Schoeller-Bleckmann Oilfield Technology GmbH
    Inventors: Gabriele Saller, Herbert Aigner, Josef Bernauer, Raimund Huber
  • Patent number: 7658883
    Abstract: Novel carbon-plus-nitrogen corrosion-resistant ferrous and austenitic alloys, apparatus incorporating an inventive alloy, and methods of making and using the apparatus are described. The corrosion-resistant ferrous and austenitic alloys comprise no greater than about 4 wt. % nickel, are characterized by a strength greater than about 700 MPa (100 ksi), and, when being essentially free of molybdenum (<0.3 wt. %), have minimum Pitting Resistance Equivalence (PRE) numbers of 20 and minimum Measure of Alloying for Corrosion Resistance numbers (MARC) of 30 because of the use of both carbon and nitrogen. The ferrous and austenitic alloys are particularly formulated for use in oilfield operations, especially sour oil and gas wells and reservoirs. This abstract allows a searcher or other reader to quickly ascertain the subject matter of the disclosure. It will not be used to interpret or limit the scope or meaning of the claims.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 18, 2006
    Date of Patent: February 9, 2010
    Assignee: Schlumberger Technology Corporation
    Inventors: Manuel Marya, Rashmi Bhavsar
  • Publication number: 20100012233
    Abstract: Disclosed herein is an ultra high strength TWIP steel sheet having an austenite matrix texture, comprising 0.15˜0.30 wt % of carbon, 0.01˜0.03 wt % of silicon, 15˜25 wt % of manganese, 1.2˜3.0 wt % of aluminum, 0.020 wt % or less of phosphorus, 0.001˜0.002 wt % of sulfur, and residual iron and other inevitable impurities, wherein the TWIP steel sheet is cold-rolled at a reduction ratio of 35˜40% per pass under a condition of 180˜220 Mpa in front and rear tension, and thus has an average plastic strain ratio of 1.2 or more. The ultra high strength TWIP steel sheet has an improved average plastic strain ratio and excellent formability because it has a developed Goss orientation.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 9, 2009
    Publication date: January 21, 2010
    Applicant: HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY
    Inventor: Seung Hyun Hong
  • Patent number: 7588651
    Abstract: The invention provides a method which allows reliable production of steel products from a light steel. The steel products according to the invention exhibit isotropic deformation behavior and are ductile at low temperature with high yield strengths. This is achieved according to the invention by a method for producing a steel product, in particular a steel sheet or steel strip, wherein a steel strip or sheet is produced from steel which contains (in % by weight): C: ?1.00%, Mn: 7.00 to 30.00%, Al: 1.00 to 10.00%, Si: >2.50 to 8.00 %, Al+Si: >3.50 to 12.00%, B: <0.01%, Ni: <8.00%, Cu: <3.00%, N: <0.60%, Nb: <0.30%, Ti: <0.30%, V: <0.30%, P: <0.01% and iron and unavoidable impurities as the remainder, from which strip or sheet the finished steel product is subsequently produced by cold forming that takes place at a degree of cold forming of 2 to 25%.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 18, 2003
    Date of Patent: September 15, 2009
    Assignee: ThyssenKrupp Steel AG
    Inventors: Bernhard Engl, Thomas Heller, Harald Hofmann, Manfred Menne
  • Publication number: 20090120542
    Abstract: The invention concerns an iron-nickel alloy strip comprising the following expressed in wt. %: 32?Co+Ni?45%, 0?Co?6.5%, 0?Cr=6.5%, Cu?3%, Si?0.5%, Mn?0.75%, the rest being made up of iron and unavoidable impurities resulting from production, whereof the microstructure has a recrystallized volume fraction ranging from 3 to 97%, whereof the thickness is less than 0.5 mm. The invention also concerns the use thereof in the manufacture of support grids for integrated circuits.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 4, 2005
    Publication date: May 14, 2009
    Applicant: IMPHY ALLOYS
    Inventors: Georges Martinez, Pierre-Louis Reydet, Gilles Bresson, Gilles Coccoz, Jean-Luc Spire, Jerome Giusti
  • Publication number: 20090074605
    Abstract: There are provided a high-workability high strength steel sheet with excellent workability due to the high elongation and excellent crashworthiness due to the high yield strength, and a method for manufacturing of it. The high manganese steel sheet includes, by weight: carbon (C): 0.2 to 1.5%, manganese (Mn): 10 to 25%, aluminum (Al): 0.01 to 3.0%, phosphorus (P) 0.03% or less, sulfur (S): 0.03% or less, nitrogen (N): 0.040% or less, at least one selected from the group consisting of silicon (Si): 0.02 to 2.5%, titanium (Ti): 0.01 to 0.10% and niobium (Nb): 0.01 to 0.10%, and the balance of Fe and other inevitable impurities. The high manganese steel sheet may be a hot-rolled steel sheet, a cold-rolled steel sheet, or a plated steel sheet, and is suitable for elaborate internal sheets as well as structural members of a car body since it has press workability due to the high elongation and high strain hardening index.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 24, 2007
    Publication date: March 19, 2009
    Applicant: POSCO
    Inventors: Sung Kyu Kim, Kwang Geun Chin, Il-Ryoung Sohn
  • Patent number: 6761780
    Abstract: A method of manufacturing a high Mn non-magnetic steel sheet having low permeability at a cryogenic temperature suitable for use in large scale particle accelerators, the method comprises rolling a steel material containing, on the wt % basis, from 0.05 to 0.18% of C, from 26.0 to 30.0% of Mn, from 5.0 to 10.0% of Cr, 0.05 to 0.15% of N and, optionally, from 0.50 to 5.0% of Ni, in which a rolling start temperature is from 1050 to 1200° C. and a rolling end temperature is from 700 to 1000° C. Further, a cold rolled sheet is annealed at an annealing temperature for cold rolled sheet of from 1050 to 1200° C. and cooled after annealing, the annealed sheet being preferably applied with temper rolling under control for the strength by varying a draft ratio.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 13, 2001
    Date of Patent: July 13, 2004
    Assignee: JFE Steel Corporation
    Inventors: Nobuyuki Morito, Kiyohiko Nohara, Katsuhiro Kobori, Ujihiro Nishiike, Takako Yamashita
  • Publication number: 20030145911
    Abstract: A steel strip or sheet steel having good cold formability and high-strength is described, comprising a light steel having (in weight-percent) C: ≦1.00%, Mn: 7.00-30.00%, Al: 1.00-10.00%, Si: >2.50-8.00%, Al+Si: >3.50-12.00%, B: >0.00-<0.01%, as well as alternately Ni: <8.00%, Cu: <3.00%, N: <0.60%, Nb: <0.30%, Ti: <0.30%, V: <0.30%, P: <0.01%, with the remainder iron and unavoidable impurities.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 6, 2003
    Publication date: August 7, 2003
    Inventors: Harald Hoffmann, Bernhard Engl, Manfred Menne, Thomas Heller, Werner Zimmermann
  • Publication number: 20020121318
    Abstract: A method of manufacturing a high Mn non-magnetic steel sheet having low permeability at a cryogenic temperature suitable for use in large scale particle accelerators, the method comprises rolling a steel material containing, on the wt % basis, from 0.05 to 0.18% of C, from 26.0 to 30.0% of Mn, from 5.0 to 10.0% of Cr, 0.05 to 0.15% of N and, optionally, from 0.50 to 5.0% of Ni, in which a rolling start temperature is from 1050 to 1200° C. and a rolling end temperature is from 700 to 1000° C. Further, a cold rolled sheet is annealed at an annealing temperature for cold rolled sheet of from 1050 to 1200° C. and cooled after annealing, the annealed sheet being preferably applied with temper rolling under control for the strength by varying a draft ratio.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 13, 2001
    Publication date: September 5, 2002
    Inventors: Nobuyuki Morito, Kiyohiko Nohara, Katsuhiro Kobori, Ujihiro Nishiike, Takako Yamashita
  • Patent number: 6358338
    Abstract: The invention relates to a process for producing strip made of an iron-carbon-manganese alloy, in which: a thin strip, having a thickness of 1.5 to 10 mm, is cast directly on a casting machine from a liquid metal of composition, in percentages by weight: C ranging between 0.001 and 1.6%; Mn ranging between 6 and 30%; Ni≦10% with (Mn+Ni) ranging between 16 and 30%; Si≦2.5%; Al≦6%; Cr≦10%; (P+Sn+Sb+As)≦0.2%; (S+Se+Te)≦0.5%; (V+Ti+Nb+B+Zr+rare earths)≦3%; (Mo+W)≦0.5%; N≦0.3%; Cu≦5%, the balance being iron and impurities resulting from the smelting; the said strip is cold rolled with a reduction ratio ranging between 10 and 90% in one or more steps; and the said strip undergoes recrystallization annealing. The invention also relates to a strip that can be produced by this process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 7, 2000
    Date of Patent: March 19, 2002
    Assignee: Usinor
    Inventors: Nicolas Guelton, Michel Faral, Odile Faral
  • Patent number: 5833919
    Abstract: The present invention provides a Fe--Mn--Cr--Al cryogenic alloy having high ductility, strength, toughness and corrosion-resistance, and a process for preparing the same. The cryogenic structural alloy of the invention is prepared by the steps of: air-induced melting of a metallic alloy composition which consists of Fe 48.6 to 64.7 wt %, Mn 25.0 to 35.0 wt %, Cr 10.0 to 13.0 wt %, Al 0.1 to 2.0 wt %, C 0.1 to 0.4 wt % and Si 0.1 to 1.0 wt %; hot-rolling of the melted alloy at 1,090.degree. to 1,110 .degree. C.; and, solution heat treatment of the hot-rolled alloy at 1,040.degree. to 1,060.degree. C. for 50 to 70 minutes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 9, 1997
    Date of Patent: November 10, 1998
    Assignee: Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology
    Inventors: Soon-Hyung Hong, Young-Soo Han
  • Patent number: 5810950
    Abstract: Methods for annealing and pickling high manganese cold rolled steel sheets for use in automobiles and electronic panels in which a superior formability and high strengths are required are disclosed. That is, the invention provides a method for annealing a cold rolled high manganese steel sheet, in which, after cold-rolling a high manganese steel of Fe--Mn--Al--C series, the annealing atmospheric gas is adjusted during an annealing so as to minimize the thickness of a surface oxide layer, and an oxide layer removing agent such as aluminum nitride is spread into the oxide layer, so that the surface oxide layer can be easily removed. The invention further provides a method for pickling a cold rolled high manganese steel sheet, in which the surface oxide layer formed on the cold rolled high manganese steel sheet is uniformly removed with a mild aqueous solution of chloric acid, thereby improving the surface quality of the steel sheet, and saving the pickling facility cost.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 28, 1997
    Date of Patent: September 22, 1998
    Assignees: Pohang Iron & Steel Co., Ltd., Research Institute of Industrial Science & Technology
    Inventors: Tai Woung Kim, Shin Hwa Park, Young Gil Kim
  • Patent number: 5647922
    Abstract: A high manganese steel having superior hot workability is disclosed, in which small amounts of the alloying elements are added into a high manganese steel of Fe-Mn-Al-C system, so that the rupture strength of the grain boundaries of columnar crystals can be improved, thereby realizing an improved hot workability. Further, a process for manufacturing a high manganese hot rolled steel sheet is disclosed, in which the above mentioned high manganese steel is subjected to be controlled the initial hot rolling conditions during a hot rolling, so that large cracks would not be generated on the edges and on the surface of the hot rolled steel sheet. The process for manufacturing a hot rolled high manganese steel without any cracks includes the following the steps. That is, the process includes the steps of: preparing the ingot or the continuous casting slabs of the conventional Fe-Mn-Al-C steel with one or more elements selected from a group consisting of 0.0005-0.04% of B, 0.0005-0.050% of Ti, 0.0005-0.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 22, 1995
    Date of Patent: July 15, 1997
    Assignees: Pohang Iron & Steel Co., Ltd., Research Institute of Industrial Science & Technology
    Inventors: Tai Woung Kim, Young Gil Kim, Shin Hwa Park
  • Patent number: 5634990
    Abstract: An Fe-Mn vibration damping alloy steel having a mixture structure of .epsilon., .alpha.' and .gamma.. The alloy steel consists of iron, manganese from 10 to 24% by weight and limited amounts of impurities. The alloy steel is manufactured by preparing an ingot at a temperature of 1000.degree. C. to 1300.degree. C. for 12 to 40 hours to homogenize the ingot and hot-rolling the homogenized ingot to produce a rolled alloy bar or plate, performing solid solution treatment on the alloy steel at 900.degree. C. to 1100.degree. C. for 30 to 60 minutes, cooling the alloy steel by air or water, and cold rolling the alloy steel at a reduction rate of greater than 0% and below 30% at around room temperature.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 25, 1995
    Date of Patent: June 3, 1997
    Assignee: Woojin Osk Corporation
    Inventors: Chong-Sool Choi, Man-Eob Lee, Seung-Han Baek, Yong-Chul Son, Jeong-Cheol Kim, Joong-Hwan Jun, Young-Sam Ko
  • Patent number: 5431753
    Abstract: An austenitic high manganese steel having superior formability, strengths and weldability, and a process for manufacturing the steel, are disclosed. The superior formability of the steel is suitable for use on automobiles and electronic panel. The steel has a composition of (in weight %) less than 1.5% of C, 15.0-35.0% of Mn, 0.1-6.0% of Al, and the balance of Fe and other indispensable impurities. The size of the austenite grains is less than 40.0 .mu.m, and, one or more elements are added by selecting them from a group consisting of less than 0.60% of Si, less than 5.0% of Cu, less than 1.0% of Nb, less than 0.5% of V, less than 0.5% of Ti, less than 9.0% of Cr, less than 4.0% of Ni, and less than 0.2% of N, thereby providing an austenitic high manganese steel having superior formability, strengths and weldability.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 26, 1993
    Date of Patent: July 11, 1995
    Assignees: Pohang Iron & Steel Co. Ltd., Research Institute of Industrial Science & Techology
    Inventors: Tai W. Kim, Jae K. Han, Rae W. Chang, Young G. Kim
  • Patent number: 5290372
    Abstract: A vibration damping alloy has a mixed structure of martensite and austenite. The alloy steel is iron-based to which 14-22% by weight of manganese is added. The vibration damping alloy is manufactured by mixing electrolytic iron and manganese in a molten state. The molten mixture, containing 14-22% of manganese with the remainder of iron, is cast as an ingot. The ingot is homogenized at 1000.degree.-1300.degree. C. for 20-40 hours and then hot rolled at 900.degree.-1100.degree. C. for 20 minutes to 90 minutes. The ingot is cooled with air or water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 19, 1992
    Date of Patent: March 1, 1994
    Assignee: Woojin Osk Corporation
    Inventors: Jong-Sul Choi, Seung-Han Baek, Jun-Dong Kim
  • Patent number: 4705821
    Abstract: An anticorrosive metal surface pretreating composition comprising an aqueous emulsion of hard polymer microparticles and a water soluble chromium compound, the polymer microparticles being prepared by emulsion polymerization of .alpha.,.beta.-unsaturated monomers including polyfunctional monomer(s) or monomer(s) capable of resulting polymer with a specific Tg value in the presence of a particular type of polymer as an emulsifier and a chromium compound, including specified amounts of trivalent chromium.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 8, 1985
    Date of Patent: November 10, 1987
    Assignee: Nippon Paint Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Takeyasu Ito, Teruaki Kuwajima
  • Patent number: 4671824
    Abstract: Process for producing zirconium oxide blue-black coatings on zirconium alloy substrates by treating said alloys with molten salts containing small amounts of oxidizing compounds. The molten salts are sodium cyanide and combinations of sodium chloride and potassium chloride.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 18, 1985
    Date of Patent: June 9, 1987
    Assignee: Teledyne Industries, Inc.
    Inventor: John C. Haygarth