Inorganic Oxygen-halogen Salt Patents (Class 149/42)
  • Patent number: 8926773
    Abstract: The present invention discloses a drive device for a rotor of s carousel door, In addition to a main drive motor (10), which has a main-drive-motor shaft (12), the drive device according to the invention comprises a secondary drive motor (12) with a secondary-drive-motor shaft (22). The main-drive-motor shaft (12) is coupled at least indirectly to the secondary-drive-motor shaft (22, 62) in terms of rotation, and therefore the secondary-drive-motor shaft (22, 62) is coupled to the rotor in terms of movement.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 22, 2012
    Date of Patent: January 6, 2015
    Assignee: Agtatec AG
    Inventors: Heinz-Peter Aeppli, Samuel Hedinger
  • Patent number: 8864924
    Abstract: A solid state thermite reaction composition is provided comprising a fuel component, an initiating oxidizer, a primary oxidizer, a fluxing agent and a thermal diluent. According to another aspect, a heating device is provided comprising a heating chamber for receiving and storing a substance to be heated having at least two walls, a reaction chamber affixed to a wall of the heating chamber, a solid state thermite reaction composition located within the reaction chamber and an actuatable trigger mechanism affixed to the reaction chamber such that the trigger mechanism is in contact with the reaction composition. According to another aspect, a solid-state thermite reaction activation mechanism is provided comprising a first compound substantially in contact with a thermite reaction fuel, a second compound and a removable barrier located between the first and second compounds preventing any contact between the first and second compounds.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 7, 2009
    Date of Patent: October 21, 2014
    Assignee: HeatGenie, Inc.
    Inventors: Brendan Coffey, Donald R. Schropp, Jr., Krzysztof Czeslaw Kwiatkowski
  • Patent number: 8801878
    Abstract: A lead-free pyrotechnic and primary explosive compositions including metal iodates as an oxidizer in nanocomposite energetic compositions including metal powder fuel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 7, 2011
    Date of Patent: August 12, 2014
    Assignee: The United States of America as Represented by the Secretary of the Navy
    Inventors: Curtis E. Johnson, Kelvin T. Higa
  • Publication number: 20140174313
    Abstract: An electrically operated propellant is configured to ignite and extinguish over a range of pressures. In examples, the electrically operated propellant is included in a gas generation system having a combustion chamber and at least two electrodes coupled with the propellant. The electrically operated propellant is configured to ignite at an ignition condition and extinguish under an extinguishing condition. In the ignition condition an electrical input is applied across the electrodes to ignite the electrically operated propellant. In the extinguishing condition the electrical input is interrupted while the pressure within the combustion chamber is greater than 200 psi, and the ignited electrically operated propellant extinguishes.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 24, 2012
    Publication date: June 26, 2014
    Applicant: Raytheon Company
    Inventors: James K. Villarreal, Richard D. Loehr
  • Patent number: 8545646
    Abstract: The present disclosure relates to a high-density rocket propellant and associated recoilless launching systems and methods with tungsten powder added providing substantial mass to the propellant for additional impulse, absorption of sound, optimization of back blast and carry weight, and the like. In an exemplary embodiment, the high-density rocket propellant includes tungsten mass percentages of between about 70%-about 80%, equivalent to about 17%-about 26% by volume.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 24, 2009
    Date of Patent: October 1, 2013
    Assignee: The United States of America as Represented by the Secretary of the Navy
    Inventors: Matthew J. Sanford, Randolph T. Johnson, Paul G. Wallman, Diana O. Bragunier, Stephen N. Stiles
  • Patent number: 8303740
    Abstract: A self igniting pyrotechnical sparkler. The sparkler includes a nonflammable support member or rod substantially covered with a pyrotechnic coating composition along one end and a pyrotechnical igniter coating covering over part of the pyrotechnic coating. The igniter coating including a mixture of potassium chlorate, antimony sulfate, powder aluminum, particulate magnesium, binder and/or glass beads.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 12, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 6, 2012
    Inventor: Warren T. McClurg
  • Patent number: 8186995
    Abstract: A fire-starter device for survival or emergency use has a handle portion and case portion that twist together, to sheath a mischmetal flint rod inside the case, and a seal ring protects the flint rod from environmental moisture. The case has a steel strike plate and a guide channel. The mischmetal flint rod favorably has a composition of cerium—50%, lanthanum—26%, magnesium—10%, praseodymium—3%, neodymium—1%, and iron—10%.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 25, 2009
    Date of Patent: May 29, 2012
    Inventor: Andrew C. Putrello, Jr.
  • Patent number: 8075715
    Abstract: A precursor composition of a reactive material that comprises a metal material and an energetic material, such as at least one oxidizer or at least one class 1.1 explosive. The metal material defines a continuous phase at a processing temperature of the precursor composition and the energetic material is dispersed therein. The metal material may be a fusible metal alloy having a melting point ranging from approximately 46° C. to approximately 250° C. The fusible metal alloy may include at least one metal selected from the group consisting of bismuth, lead, tin, cadmium, indium, mercury, antimony, copper, gold, silver, and zinc. The reactive composition may have a density of greater than approximately 2 g/cm3. The reactive composition may also include a polymer/plasticizer system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 5, 2007
    Date of Patent: December 13, 2011
    Assignee: Alliant Techsystems Inc.
    Inventors: Benjamin N. Ashcroft, Daniel B. Nielson, Daniel W. Doll
  • Patent number: 8066834
    Abstract: Adding nanoparticles as a catalyst to solid propellant fuel to increase and enhance burn rates of the fuel by up to 10 times or more and/or modifying the pressure index. A preferred embodiment uses TiO2 nanoparticles mixed with a solid propellant fuel, where the nanoparticles are approximately 2% or less of total propellant mixture. The high surface to volume ratio of the nanoparticles improve the performance of the solid propellant fuel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 3, 2006
    Date of Patent: November 29, 2011
    Assignee: University of Central Florida Research Foundation, Inc.
    Inventors: Eric Petersen, Jennifer Small, Metthew Stephens, Jason Arvanetes, Sudipta Seal, Sameer Deshpande
  • Publication number: 20110168047
    Abstract: A missile includes a pyrotechnic charge. The missile is constructed in such a way that the pyrotechnic charge is made to burn deflagratively when the missile is used correctly. The pyrotechnic charge includes a mixture containing at least one metal or a metal alloy as a fuel and at least one metal oxide as an oxidizing agent. The fuel and the oxidizing agent are selected in such a manner that they can react with one another by burning. The mixture is compressed to a density of at least 85% of a theoretical density of the mixture, and the fuel, the oxidizing agent and a quantitative ratio between the fuel and the oxidizing agent are selected in such a manner that a density of the mixture is at least 6 g/cm3.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 10, 2010
    Publication date: July 14, 2011
    Applicant: DIEHL BGT DEFENCE GMBH & CO. KG
    Inventor: ARNO HAHMA
  • Patent number: 7789983
    Abstract: A method is provided for making blast explosive molding powder. According to an aspect of the invention, energetic solids and a metal powder are suspended in a bulk phase fluid. Lacquer is added to an energetic solids and metal powder suspension to achieve a super-saturated solution. Final granulation of the super-saturated solution is optimized to form a fluidized metallized energetic molding powder. The fluidized metallized energetic molding powder is distilled to remove an organic solvent component of the lacquer, which is reclaimed through distillation. The bulk phase fluid is decanted to recover a wet metallized energetic molding powder. The bulk phase fluid is reclaimed through distillation. The wet metallized energetic molding powder is dried to form a dry metallized energetic molding powder. This method is especially useful in making insensitive enhanced blast explosive molding powders with high metal powder content.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 13, 2005
    Date of Patent: September 7, 2010
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Navy
    Inventors: Kirk E. Newman, Steven L. Jones, Lester B. Leonard, III, Mark D. Lowell, Daren T. Knutson
  • Patent number: 7441503
    Abstract: An expendable infra-red radiating means having a rupturable container 1 housing a plurality of decoy plates (11) and an ignition means (17) for igniting the decoy plates (11). Each of the decoy plates (11) comprises a composition of a metal and an oxidant capable of an exothermic combustion reaction upon ignition which produces negligible quantities of radiation in the visible or ultra-violet regions and which results, after the combustion reaction is completed, in the decoy plates (11) containing hot metal emitting infra-red radiation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 9, 1997
    Date of Patent: October 28, 2008
    Assignee: The Secretary of State for Defence in Her Brittanic Majesty's Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
    Inventor: James D. Callaway
  • Publication number: 20080229963
    Abstract: A reactive material that includes at least one of a fuel, an oxidizer, and a class 1.1 explosive and is formulated for use in a reactive material projectile. The reactive material is formulated to provide at least one of an overpressure of greater than approximately 9 pounds per square inch at a radial measurement of 12 inches from a point of impact on a target, a hole greater than approximately 2 square inches at an optimum penetration level in a target, and pressure, damage, and a flame when the reactive material bullet impacts a target. The fuel may be a metal, a fusible metal alloy, an organic fuel, or mixtures thereof. The oxidizer may be an inorganic oxidizer, sulfur, a fluoropolymer, or mixtures thereof. A reactive material projectile having the reactive material disposed therein is also disclosed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 27, 2008
    Publication date: September 25, 2008
    Applicant: ALLIANT TECHSYSTEMS INC.
    Inventors: Daniel B. Nielson, Benjamin N. Ashcroft, Daniel W. Doll
  • Patent number: 7147733
    Abstract: Ammonium perchlorate-containing gas generant compositions which, upon combustion, produce or result in an improved effluent and related methods for generating an inflation gas for use in an inflatable restraint system are provided. Such ammonium perchlorate-containing gas generant compositions include ammonium perchlorate present with a mean particle size in excess of 100 microns. Such ammonium perchlorate-containing gas generant compositions also include or contain a chlorine scavenger present in an amount effective to result in a gaseous effluent that is substantially free of hydrogen chloride when the gas generant is combusted, wherein at least about 98 weight percent of the chlorine scavenger is a copper-containing compound.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 26, 2004
    Date of Patent: December 12, 2006
    Assignee: Autoliv ASP, Inc.
    Inventors: Michael W. Barnes, Ivan V. Mendenhall, Robert D. Taylor
  • Patent number: 6905562
    Abstract: A low density slurry bridge mix for use in an inflatable restraint system is provided. The low density slurry bridge mix includes zirconium metal, a thermal conductivity enhancer such as aluminum metal, potassium perchlorate oxidant, and a binder material and has a dry density of about 45 to about 65 percent of theoretical density. The low density slurry bridge mix may be used in an initiator including an unground header attached to a raised bridgewire wherein the low density slurry bridge mix surrounds and adheres to the bridgewire.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 4, 2003
    Date of Patent: June 14, 2005
    Assignee: Autoliv ASP, Inc.
    Inventor: Brian K. Hamilton
  • Patent number: 6848366
    Abstract: A binary exploding target package, a process of forming an exploding target from the contents of the binary exploding target package, and the exploding target formed therefrom. The binary exploding target package includes a first, target container and a second container. An oxidizer composition is contained within one of the containers and a catalyst composition is contained within the other container. An exploding target is formed by mixing the oxidizer and catalyst compositions, and introducing the mixture into the target container to form an exploding target just prior to using the exploding target as a target for a shooting exercise.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 17, 2002
    Date of Patent: February 1, 2005
    Inventor: Daniel Jeremy Tanner
  • Patent number: 6808572
    Abstract: High temperature incendiary (HTI) devices and methods destroy biological and/or chemical agents. Preferably, such HTI devices include dual modal propellant compositions having low bum rate propellant particles dispersed in a matrix of a high burn rate propellant. Most preferably, the HTI device includes a casing which contains the dual modal propellant and a nozzle through which combustion gases generated by the ignited high burn rate propellant may be discharged thereby entraining ignited particles of the low burn rate propellant. In use, therefore, the high burn rate propellant will be ignited using a conventional igniter thereby generating combustion gases which are expelled through the nozzle of the HTI device. As the ignition face of the propellant composition regresses, the low burn rate particles will similarly become ignited.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 15, 2002
    Date of Patent: October 26, 2004
    Assignee: Aerojet-General Corporation
    Inventor: Hermann L. Miskelly, Jr.
  • Patent number: 6782827
    Abstract: High temperature incendiary (HTI) devices and methods destroy biological and/or chemical agents. Preferably, such HTI devices include dual modal propellant compositions having low burn rate propellant particles dispersed in a matrix of a high burn rate propellant. Most preferably, the HTI device includes a casing which contains the dual modal propellant and a nozzle through which combustion gases generated by the ignited high burn rate propellant may be discharged thereby entraining ignited particles of the low burn rate propellant. In use, therefore, the high burn rate propellant will be ignited using a conventional igniter thereby generating combustion gases which are expelled through the nozzle of the HTI device. As the ignition face of the propellant composition regresses, the low burn rate particles will similarly become ignited.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 4, 2003
    Date of Patent: August 31, 2004
    Assignee: Aerojet-General Corporation
    Inventor: Hermann L. Miskelly, Jr.
  • Patent number: 6783616
    Abstract: The invention relates to pyrotechnic primer charges produced on the basis of metal powders or metal hydride powders, potassium perchlorate and binders. In order to obtain a homogenous mixture, the powdery components are mixed with a liquid dispersing agent in a suspension with the aid of ultrasound and dosed having said consistency. Mixing for obtaining a suspension can also be carried out directly in a casing receiving the pyrotechnic primer charges.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 28, 2000
    Date of Patent: August 31, 2004
    Assignee: Nico-Pyrotechnik Hanns Juergen Diederichs GmbH & Co. KG
    Inventors: Uwe Krone, Dirk Cegiel
  • Patent number: 6663731
    Abstract: The present invention is a lead-free pyrotechnic composition comprising from about 60 percent by weight to about 80 percent by weight iodine pentoxide and from about 15 percent by weight to about 35 percent by weight of a solid-powder fuel. The solid-powder fuel may normally be selected from aluminum, magnesium, or a combination thereof. Depending upon the potential use for the lead-free pyrotechnic composition of the present invention, the composition may also include from about 4 to 10 percent by weight of a stabilizer that neutralizes any iodic acid formed by the iodine pentoxide, from about 3 to 5 percent by weight of a binder, or from about 5 to 15 percent by weight of a coloring agent. In a preferred embodiment of the invention, the aluminum will comprise aluminum flake having a size ranging from about nanometers to about 100 nanometers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 12, 2002
    Date of Patent: December 16, 2003
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Navy
    Inventors: James E. Rose, Douglas Elstrodt, Jan A. Puszynski
  • Patent number: 6576072
    Abstract: The invention disclosed herein relates to solid propellant formulations, which exhibit good processing properties, good safety characteristics, desirable combustion properties, good safety characteristics and excellent mechanical attributes. The solid propellant formulations disclosed herein burn at a rate of about 0.5 in/s at 1000 psi and show no pressure slope break up to 8000 psi. The solid propellant formulations of the disclosed invention incorporate oxidizers of varying particle size to avoid a pressure slope break. The solid propellant formulations of the present invention avoid the use of large-size ammonium perchlorate (AP) particles having particle size in the range of 200-400 &mgr;m to avoid the pressure slope break problem, which typically occurs at about 2500 psi to 3500 psi.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 27, 2001
    Date of Patent: June 10, 2003
    Assignee: The United States of Americas as represented by the Secretary of the Navy
    Inventors: May L. Chan, Alan D. Turner
  • Publication number: 20030097953
    Abstract: Disclosed is a gas generating composition being stable and having a heating starting temperature of 170 to 220° C., which is of a low-temperature ignition type. The gas generating composition comprises ammonium perchlorate, a chlorine scavenger, and microcrystalline carbon powder. The chlorine scavenger is sodium nitrate or aluminum/magnesium mixed powder, and the microcrystalline carbon powder is activated carbon or charcoal. The gas generating composition preferably comprises 40 to 58% by weight of ammonium perchlorate, 30 to 41% by weight of the chlorine scavenger, and 1 to 30% by weight of the microcrystalline carbon powder.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 22, 2002
    Publication date: May 29, 2003
    Inventors: Kazuya Serizawa, Katsuhiko Takahashi
  • Patent number: 6521064
    Abstract: Pyrotechnic burster composition combines high explosive energy when confined, with reduced ignition hazard when unconfined. The composition includes pyrotechnic mixtures of KClO4, metal powders, and pentaerythritol or terephthalic acid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 2, 2001
    Date of Patent: February 18, 2003
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Navy
    Inventors: Gene V. Tracy, David H. Anderson, David W. Smith
  • Patent number: 6481746
    Abstract: Gas generating compositions and methods for their use are provided. Metal complexes are used as gas generating compositions. These complexes are comprised of a metal cation template, a neutral ligand containing hydrogen and nitrogen, and sufficient oxidizing anion to balance the charge of the complex. The complexes are formulated such that when the complex combusts, nitrogen gas and water vapor is produced. Specific examples of such complexes include metal nitrite ammine, metal nitrate ammine, and metal perchlorate ammine complexes, as well as hydrazine complexes. A binder and co-oxidizer can be combined with the metal complexes to improve crush strength of the gas generating compositions and to permit efficient combustion of the binder. Such gas generating compositions are adaptable for use in gas generating devices such as automobile air bags.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 7, 1996
    Date of Patent: November 19, 2002
    Assignee: Alliant Techsystems Inc.
    Inventors: Jerald C. Hinshaw, Daniel W. Doll, Reed J. Blau, Gary K. Lund
  • Patent number: 6136224
    Abstract: A gas generant for an air, which is improved in the defects of gas generants using sodium azide in a practical use and has stable combustion capability. And a molecular compound comprising (a) a gas generant component, (b) an oxidant component and (c) a reaction accelerator component, preferably represented by the composition formula (I).M.mX.nY (I)[wherein, M is Al Mg, Ca, Cr, Cu, Zn, Mn, Fe, Co, Sr, Ni and another metal components; X is a nitrogen-containing compound having 0 or 1 carbon atom; Y is an anion such as NO.sub.3 and ClO; m is a number of 1 to 3; and n is a number 2 to 3].
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 28, 1996
    Date of Patent: October 24, 2000
    Assignee: Daicel Chemical Industries, Ltd.
    Inventors: Jianzhou Wu, Norimasa Hirata, Takushi Yokoyama
  • Patent number: 6126764
    Abstract: A pyrotechnic fuel material for a booster in a pyrotechnic system having an adjacent igniter. In one embodiment, a powdered BaAl.sub.4 compound is used as the booster pyrotechnic fuel. In another embodiment, a powdered zirconium/nickel alloy is used as the booster pyrotechnic fuel. Both the powdered BaAl.sub.4 compound and the powdered zirconium/nickel alloy exhibit ignition sensitivity thresholds on the order of millijoules, thereby allowing for increased safety in manufacturing and handling over elemental powdered metal pyrotechnic fuels normally used for the entire pyrotechnic system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 9, 1999
    Date of Patent: October 3, 2000
    Assignee: Special Devices, Inc.
    Inventor: Hubert G. Timmerman
  • Patent number: 6073962
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to an airbag system that includes a gas generant, which is improved in the defects of gas generants using sodium azide in a practical use and has stable combustion capability. A molecular compound comprising (a) a gas generant component, (b) an oxidant component and (c) a reaction accelerator component, preferably represented by the composition formula (I).M.mX.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 20, 1997
    Date of Patent: June 13, 2000
    Assignee: Daicel Chemical Industries, Ltd.
    Inventors: Jianzhou Wu, Norimasa Hirata, Takushi Yokoyama
  • Patent number: 5821451
    Abstract: The invention relates to a photoflash mixture comprising a mixture of particles of zirconia and at least one oxidizer, wherein said zirconia particles comprise a mixture of smaller particles between about 2 and 10 .mu.m diameter, and larger particles between about 20 and 30 .mu.m average diameter.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 19, 1996
    Date of Patent: October 13, 1998
    Assignee: Eastman Kodak Company
    Inventors: Stanley W. Stephenson, Kimon Papadopoulos
  • Patent number: 5741999
    Abstract: This invention aims to provide a gas generating composition of a gas generator for an air bag, which composition produces less combustion residues and is easily adsorbed. This composition comprises azide of alkali metal or alkaline earth metal, metallic silicide, and perchlorate or nitrate of alkali metal or alkaline earth metal. The combustion residues of the azide are changed to be glass silicate by the metallic silicide and caught by a filter of the gas generator, so that they do not pass through the filter of the gas generator nor make holes in the air bag unlike a conventional gas generator. And, the addition of silicon dioxide further improves the catching of the combustion residues of the azide.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 26, 1995
    Date of Patent: April 21, 1998
    Inventors: Takashi Kazumi, Takeshi Okada
  • Patent number: 5672843
    Abstract: A single charge pyrotechnic material comprising a metal fuel, an oxidizer and a secondary fuel which can be used to control the rate of reaction of the pyrotechnic. The composition can be used as a single charge igniter in an automotive air bag system in place of the separate ignition charge and enhancer charge currently utilized.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 5, 1994
    Date of Patent: September 30, 1997
    Assignee: ICI Americas Inc.
    Inventors: John Harold Evans, Michael Albert Lehmicke
  • Patent number: 5472536
    Abstract: A pyrotechnic mixture for use in tracer rounds of projectiles to increase sibility under high speed conditions when viewed through laser hardened optics, comprising, in percentages by weight, an admixture of 20% to 40% magnesium, 10% to 30% strontium nitrate, 3% to 8% sodium nitrate, 3% to 20% barium peroxide and 1% to 5% viton. Additional ingredients that increase the pyrotechnic effectiveness are 0% to 5% aluminum, 0% to 15% potassium perchlorate, 0% to 5% manganese dioxide, 0% to 10% iron oxide as Fe.sub.2 O.sub.3, 0% to 15% potassium nitrate, 0% to 10% Teflon and 0% to 1% ethyl cellulose.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 19, 1994
    Date of Patent: December 5, 1995
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Army
    Inventors: Thomas A. Doris, Raymond Martin
  • Patent number: 5154782
    Abstract: A composition which is capable of producing an obscuring white smoke is disclosed which employs a dicarboxylic acid as the primary smoke producing agent. It is found that by using a dicarboxylic acid smoke producing agent, a generally non-toxic and non-corrosive smoke is achieved. Also included within the composition are a binder, a fuel or coolant, and an oxidizer. The binder may be any one of a number of binders such as nitrocellulose or a polymer binder. A low energy fuel is preferred in order to minimize heat and flame produced. Such fuels may include, for example, starch, dextrose, lactose, sucrose, or sulphur. The presently preferred oxidizer is KCLO.sub.3. Other substances may also be added to the composition. For example, sodium bicarbonate may be added to act as a buffer for the KCLO.sub.3 and as a further coolant. In some cases it may also be desirable to add aluminum for purposes of producing more uniform burning and increased thermal conductivity through out the composition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 15, 1991
    Date of Patent: October 13, 1992
    Assignee: Thiokol Corporation
    Inventors: Graham C. Shaw, Daniel B. Nielson, Leon L. Jones, Stanley G. Summers
  • Patent number: 5129972
    Abstract: Emulsifiers are disclosed which comprise the reaction product of component (I) with component (II). Component (I) comprises the reaction product of certain carboxylic acids or anhydrides, or ester or amide derivatives thereof, with ammonia, at least one amine, at least one alkali and/or at least one alkaline-earth metal. Component (II) comprises certain phosphorus-containing acids; or metal salts of said phosphorus-containing acids, the metal being selected from the group consisting of magnesium, calcium, strontium, chromium, manganese, iron, molybdenum, cobalt, nickel, copper, silver, zinc, cadmium, aluminum, tin, lead, and mixtures of two or more thereof. These emulsifiers are useful in water-in-oil explosive emulsions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 17, 1991
    Date of Patent: July 14, 1992
    Assignee: The Lubrizol Corporation
    Inventors: Alan T. Riga, John W. Forsberg
  • Patent number: 5112417
    Abstract: Tris(N-nitrosophenylhydroxylaminium)aluminum is employed in amounts from about 0.1% by weight to about 0.2% by weight to inhibit the polymerization reaction during propellant mixing. With a weight percent of 0.2 percent, the inhibitor inhibited polymerizaiton to control end-of-mix viscosities to 12 Kp and 13 Kp compared to control propellant viscosities of 26 Kp and 39 Kp after 8 hours and 10 hours respectively. The test propellant and control propellant contained the name ingredients with the exception of the 0.2% additive of the inhibitor in the test propellant. The propellant composition for control and test comprised ammonium perchlorate of 400 micrometer, 200 micrometers, and 20 micrometers in weight percent amounts of 29.5,30.0, and 5.0 respectively, aluminum powder 14.0 weight percent, cyclotetramethylenetetranitramine oxidizer of 4 micrometers particle size in amount of 10.0 weight percent, and hydroxyl-terminated polybutadiene prepolymer binder in a weight percent amount of 11.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 20, 1991
    Date of Patent: May 12, 1992
    Assignee: United States of America
    Inventor: David C. Sayles
  • Patent number: 5084118
    Abstract: An autoigniting composition for the gas generator of a vehicle occupant restraint system that is thermally stable at temperatures up to 110.degree. C., will not autoignite at 150.degree. C., but when heated to approximately 177.degree. C. will undergo rapid autoignition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 23, 1990
    Date of Patent: January 28, 1992
    Assignee: Automotive Systems Laboratory, Inc.
    Inventor: Donald R. Poole
  • Patent number: 5071495
    Abstract: Solid propellants in which the oxidizer is a perchlorate are improved by the inclusion of diaminoglyoxime or diaminofurazan in the propellant compositions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 14, 1990
    Date of Patent: December 10, 1991
    Assignee: Thiokol Corporation
    Inventors: Rodney L. Willer, Minn-Shong Chi, Robert Gleeson, John C. Hill
  • Patent number: 5071496
    Abstract: A blasting agent is disclosed for use in a borehole having a pressure resistant closure. The blasting agent is used in combination with a primary initiating system comprised of a detonator and an initiator for the detonator. The blasting agent is preferably a semi-fluid explosive material having a predetermined sensitivity. The sensitivity is related to the borehole diameter and the initiating system's strength, wherein the blasting agent upon initiation is transformed into explosive products by means of reaction front which consumes substantially all the blasting agent as the reaction front passes through the blasting agent. The reaction front has an average velocity of propagation of between 200 meters/second and 1,000 meters/second for at least 30% of the total length of blasting agent located in the borehole. Another aspect of the invention is a method of blasting wherein the average velocity of propagation of the explosive front in the blasting agent is in a range of between 200 m/sec and 1,000 m/sec.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 16, 1990
    Date of Patent: December 10, 1991
    Assignee: ETI Explosive Technologies International (Canada)
    Inventors: David L. Coursen, Rufus Flinchman
  • Patent number: 5053088
    Abstract: Mechanical enhancement of the burning rate of solid propellants is achieved y the incorporation of limited percentages of heat-expandable beads into the solid propellant matrix. When the flame front reaches an individual bead, the bead which contains an expanding or blowing agent (e.g., pentane, 4,4'-oxybis(benzenesulfonyl hydrazide) (Celogen OT), etc., expands to several times its volume and ruptures. Bead expansion or rupture causes a disruption of the propellant's surface, and the flame can penetrate into the propellant. This penetration results in a major increase in burning rate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 5, 1982
    Date of Patent: October 1, 1991
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Army
    Inventor: David C. Sayles
  • Patent number: 5034073
    Abstract: An explosive composition having a combination of a principal explosive, which is relatively insensitive to initiation of detonation, two mesh fractions of a sensitizing explosive which is relatively sensitive to initiation of detonation, a critical diameter additive which lowers the critical diameter of the composition, and a binder, demonstrates the ability to achieve steady-state detonation after deliberate initiation of detonation. The composition is further characterized by low sensitivity to accidental detonation by external influences, and favorable mechanical and processability properties.A method of making an explosive composition of this type by adjusting the amount of critical diameter additive and testing the composition is also described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 9, 1990
    Date of Patent: July 23, 1991
    Assignee: Aerojet General Corporation
    Inventors: Jude W. Barry, Ralph M. Moorehead
  • Patent number: 5019192
    Abstract: The invention is directed to a primary/detonator composition suitable for use in an automobile airbag system. The composition may safely be housed in aluminum support structures (a/k/a cups).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 5, 1990
    Date of Patent: May 28, 1991
    Assignee: Breed Automotive Technology, Inc.
    Inventor: Coodly P. Ramaswamy
  • Patent number: 5015311
    Abstract: The invention is directed to a primary/detonator composition suitable for use in an automobile airbag system. The composition may safely be housed in a copper support structure (a/k/a cups).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 3, 1990
    Date of Patent: May 14, 1991
    Assignee: Breed Automotive Technology, Inc.
    Inventor: Coodly P. Ramaswamy
  • Patent number: 5015310
    Abstract: A method of achieving an ultrahigh-burning rate composite solid propellant hrough the embedment of the solid explosive diazodinitrophenol (e.g., 2-diazo-4,6-dinitrophenol) having predetermined shapes and dimensions of cubes or pellets. Cubes having dimension from about 1/16 inch to about 3/32 inches on each side and pellets having dimensions from about 1/16 inch to about 3/32 inch diameters are employed in weight percent ranging from about 1 to about 5 with an uncured composite solid propellant composition in a weight percent range from about 95 to about 99. After being uniformly blended in the uncured state, the propellant and solid explosive are cured to a solid grain which has an increase in burning rate with about a 4.5 weight percent concentration of diazodinitrophenol of about 4.5 composite solid propellant composition with 0% diazodinitrophenol burned at 0.6 inches per second.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 4, 1990
    Date of Patent: May 14, 1991
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Army
    Inventor: David C. Sayles
  • Patent number: 4994125
    Abstract: An electric primer has an intrinsically conductive pyrotechnic mixture consisting of a metal powder fuel, an alkaline oxidizer, and a sensitizing fuel. The primer mixture preferably consists of about 27% titanium metal powder, about 68% potassium chlorate, and 5% boron as the sensitizing fuel. Lead thiocyanate may also be added as a further sensitizing fuel. The primer is advantageously adapted for use in airbag inflators in an automobile passive restraint system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 8, 1989
    Date of Patent: February 19, 1991
    Assignee: Olin Corporation
    Inventor: George C. Mei
  • Patent number: 4985094
    Abstract: A castable, thermoplastic composite rocket propellant comprising about 3 to 10 wt % of a thermoplastic elastomer, about 3 to 20 wt % of a plasticizer, balance energetic particulates is provided.Also provided is a process for producing a thermoplastic composite rocket propellant which comprises melt blending a thermoplastic elastomer and about 100 to 300 phr (parts by weight per 100 parts by weight of rubber (elastomer)) plasticizer, adding energetic particulates to the melt, with mixing, and casting the mixture in a suitable mold.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 7, 1990
    Date of Patent: January 15, 1991
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Air Force
    Inventors: Boris D. Nahlovsky, Gilbert A. Zimmerman
  • Patent number: 4968365
    Abstract: A pyrotechnic mixture for producing a smoke screen includes a reduction agent comprising a light metal, at least one oxidation agent comprising potassium nitrate, combustion moderators including at least one carbonate and a nitrogen producing compound and at least one sublimable or evaporatable, smoke generating, nontoxic additive.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 26, 1989
    Date of Patent: November 6, 1990
    Assignee: Rheinmetall GmbH
    Inventor: Uwe Krone
  • Patent number: 4950341
    Abstract: A solid high-performance propellant for a rocket engine is described. The propellant is constituted by a combination of polyglycidylazide (GAP) ([C.sub.3 H.sub.5 N.sub.3 O].sub.n) or poly-3,3-bis(azidomethyl)oxetane (BAMO) ([C.sub.4 H.sub.6 N.sub.6 O].sub.n) with boron, aluminum, or aluminum hydride (AlH.sub.3) and a compound selected from the group consisting of hydrazinium nitroformate (N.sub.2 H.sub.5 C(NO.sub.2).sub.3), nitronium perchlorate (NO.sub.2 ClO.sub.4), or ammonium perchlorate (NH.sub.4 ClO.sub.4), together with other conventional additives.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 7, 1989
    Date of Patent: August 21, 1990
    Assignee: European Space Agency
    Inventors: H. F. R. Schoyer, Paul A. O. G. Korting, J. M. Mul
  • Patent number: 4925504
    Abstract: A fast-acting cure catalyst for use in hydroxyl-terminated polybutadiene-ed solid propellant formulation is tris(ethoxyphenyl)bismuthine. The incorporation of this catalyst as an additive in an amount of about 0.025 weight percent into a composite propellant formulation enables the formulation to be ambient mixed and ambient cured at 80.degree. F. or accelerated oven cured at 140.degree. F. Both oven and ambient cures are considerably more cost effective than the conventional oven cure if the prior art cure catalyst, triphenylbismuthine (TPB), is used. Other composite propellant ingredients comprise ammonium perchlorate of about 65 weight percent, aluminum powder of about 14 weight percent, the organic oxidizer, cyclotetramethylenetetranitramine, of about 10 weight percent, isophorone diisocyanate additive to provide an isocyanate/hydroxyl ratio of about 0.92, and hydroxyl-terminated polybutadiene polymer of about 11.5 weight percent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 14, 1989
    Date of Patent: May 15, 1990
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Army
    Inventor: David C. Sayles
  • Patent number: 4915754
    Abstract: A high acceleration high performance solid rocket motor grain such as for a ballistic defense missile or rocket assisted projectile comprises a propellant material which includes a highly plasticized binder so that the grain has a solids ratio equal to at least about 95 percent. In order that the grain with such a solids ratio may have adequate strength and withstand high acceleration forces, a reticulated structure is embedded therein. A method of constructing a rocket motor having such a grain is also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 8, 1988
    Date of Patent: April 10, 1990
    Assignee: Morton Thiokol, Inc.
    Inventors: James O. Hightower, Jr., Tomio Sato, James W. Hamner, Carl M. Rector
  • Patent number: 4913753
    Abstract: The compound m-tetramethylxylene diisocyanate (m-TMXDI), is a domestically, commercially produced aliphatic diisocyanate process produced by a non-phosgenation process for the polyurethane industry with suggested applications in reaction injection molding, surface coatings, and in soft polyurethanes with specialty applications (e.g. as solar cell encapsulants). Applicant's discovery relates to the use of m-TMXDI in an amount from about 0.5 to about 2.0 weight percent for curing a composite rocket propellant composition comprising other ingredients in weight percentages of a high solids loading of aluminum metal fuel (0-20%) and ammonium perchlorate oxidizer (65-88%), hydroxy-terminated polymer binder (7-15%) with antioxidant (0.15 to 1.0% of polymer), plasticizer (0-4%), burn rate catalyst (0.05-6%), and quick cure catalyst system of about 0.02% maleic acid (MA) or maleic anhydride (MAN) and 0.02% triphenyl bismuthine (TPB).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 25, 1989
    Date of Patent: April 3, 1990
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Army
    Inventor: Marjorie E. Ducote
  • Patent number: 4875948
    Abstract: A combustible delay barrier for providing a delay to intrusion into an object. The delay barrier comprises a combustible layer containing a source of fuel such as a metal and/or a polymer and a source of oxygen such as an oxidizer. The combustible layer of the delay barrier is ignitable at a temperature in excess of about 300.degree. C., during combustion is resistant to the effects of common fire extingushing materials, and is capable of sustaining combustion with a burn rate of no more than about six inches per minute.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 8, 1988
    Date of Patent: October 24, 1989
    Inventor: Vencatesh R. P. Verneker