Casing Construction Patents (Class 152/196)
  • Patent number: 9823050
    Abstract: An integrated body armor garment for providing protection to a wearer against ballistic impacts. The garment has a body portion and a ballistic resistant armor system. The body portion can have an outer shell and an underlayer, and the armor system can be embedded within the body portion between the outer shell and the underlayer. The garment can be an upper body garment with a torso portion and left and right arm sleeves and a ballistic-resistant collar, and the armor system can be an upper torso armor system with body armor panels overlapping in a reverse shingle configuration. The armor system can have a plurality of armor panels connected by a resilient cord or other elastic suspension network. The network can be adjustable, as by a cinching of the cord, to permit the body armor panels to be adjusted in relative position.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 20, 2014
    Date of Patent: November 21, 2017
    Assignees: Mission Ready Services, Inc., The United States of America as Represented by the Secretary of the Army
    Inventors: Francisco Martinez, Robert Dilalla, Roxanne Ferreiro, Yolita Nugent
  • Patent number: 9516900
    Abstract: The present disclosure describes a protective stretchable material and a garment made therewith. The protective stretchable material comprises a first protective fabric, and a second protective fabric partially superposing the first protective fabric. The protective stretchable material further comprises a stretchable structure. The first and second protective fabric are affixed to the stretchable structure in such a manner as to allow movement of the first protective fabric with respect to the second protective fabric while remaining partially superposed upon stretching of the stretchable structure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 6, 2014
    Date of Patent: December 13, 2016
    Assignee: ID LAB INC.
    Inventors: Bastien Jourde, Martin Laberge, Philippe Lefebvre
  • Patent number: 8720505
    Abstract: A tire (3) for vehicles, which does not require pressurization by means of a pressurized fluid, has a tread (16), two sidewalls (15), and two beads (8) attached to a wheel rim (2) and made of elastomer material; the tire is provided with at least one tubular reinforcement body (18) which is associated with the tread; each of the sidewalls have a respective homogeneous resilient annular membrane (24).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 22, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 13, 2014
    Assignee: Fiat Auto S.p.A.
    Inventors: Stefano Re Fiorentin, Mario Palazzetti, Giovanni Monfrino
  • Patent number: 7950429
    Abstract: A tire for vehicles which does not require pressurization by means of a pressurized fluid has a tread, two sidewalls, and two beads which are attached to a wheel rim made of elastomer material, and is provided with at least one tubular reinforcement body which is associated with the tread; each of the sidewalls having a respective homogeneous resilient annular membrane, a straight generatrix of which forms an angle (A) other than 90° with the axis of the tire; the membranes being stretched radially between the tread and the beads such as to be pre-tensioned in the absence of external loads acting on the tire.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 15, 2004
    Date of Patent: May 31, 2011
    Assignee: Fiat Auto S.p.A.
    Inventors: Stefano Re Fiorentin, Mario Palazzetti, Giovanni Monfrino
  • Patent number: 7762299
    Abstract: Disclosed is a self-supporting tire for wheels for bicycles, motorcycles and the like comprising an outer surface layer (5), which establishes contact with the ground (8) and an inner supporting layer (6) realized by a flexible polyurethane elastomer with a cellular structure, which at least partially occupies the internal volume of the tire (1) and supports the outer surface layer, also comprising a flexible membrane (9) substantially having the shape of the outer layer (5) and radially compressing the inner supporting layer (6).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 5, 2006
    Date of Patent: July 27, 2010
    Inventor: Pietro Garavaglia
  • Patent number: 7677284
    Abstract: A pneumatic tire including a tread portion, a pair of sidewall portions, a pair of bead portions, and a carcass extending between the bead portions through the tread portion and sidewall portions, wherein the tread portion is provided radially inside the carcass with a tread tape having a thickness of not more than 2.0 mm and having a tensile elastic modulus larger than any rubber existing between the tread tape and the adjacent carcass cords. A method of manufacturing the pneumatic tire includes vulcanizing a main body of the tire, excepting the tread tape, and attaching the tread tape onto the inside of the vulcanized tire main body.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 14, 2005
    Date of Patent: March 16, 2010
    Assignee: Sumitomo Rubber Industries, Ltd.
    Inventors: Hirotsugu Hasegawa, Naoki Yukawa
  • Publication number: 20090200049
    Abstract: The instant invention is of a soil conditioning device having a series of peripheral ridge members having a leading and trailing prow shaped surface circumscribing a disc, wheel or drum. Optionally the prow shaped peripheral ridge members are joined by sub-ridge members forming a single ridge of varying heights circumscribing the disc, wheel or drum. The invention is also of a method for creating a permeable soil surface using the apparatus herein.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 29, 2008
    Publication date: August 13, 2009
    Inventors: Charles Stephen Carr, Keith Ward
  • Patent number: 7500499
    Abstract: Disclosed are a tire wheel assembly and a noise-reducing device whereby cavity resonance sound can be effectively reduced. A noise-reducing device, which includes a shell structure where a rough surface portion having a ten-point height of irregularities (Rz) in a range of 0.1 to 5.0 mm is provided on at least part of a surface, is attached to a wheel rim in a cavity portion of a pneumatic tire, and additionally, a height of the shell structure from a rim sheet is set in a range of 10 to 70% of a cross-sectional height of the tire.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 22, 2004
    Date of Patent: March 10, 2009
    Assignee: The Yokohama Rubber Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Atsushi Tanno
  • Patent number: 7387141
    Abstract: This invention provides a low noise pneumatic tire allowed to achieve an efficient noise reduction effect by making full use of characteristics of a sound absorbing material. A pneumatic tire according to the present invention is a low noise pneumatic tire where a band-shaped sound absorbing material formed of a porous material whose apparent density defined in JIS K6400 is in a range of 10 to 70 kg/m3, is attached on the inner surface of a tread by use of an elastic fixing band.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 3, 2004
    Date of Patent: June 17, 2008
    Assignee: The Yokohama Rubber Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Atsushi Tanno, Toshiyuki Ikeda
  • Patent number: 7387143
    Abstract: A first tire having a cavity filled with cured and foamed elastomeric material and a recycled foamed elastomeric material. The recycled foamed elastomeric material was removed from a second tire for recycling in the first tire.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 12, 2005
    Date of Patent: June 17, 2008
    Assignee: The Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company
    Inventor: Paul Harry Sandstrom
  • Patent number: 7316252
    Abstract: A device for serving as a wheel for motor vehicles, where the wheel has its tire tread replaceable when it is worn out via unique rims and molded tire features. An alternate internal structure prevents the tire from “going flat” or “blowing out” when it is punctured or cut. In one variation the tire can be used with existing rims and can be retro-fitted into existing tire by mating the tires with this invention's “Non-Flat Tire” internal element and special rim. A variation of the “Non-Flat Tire” system uses spring-like materials for its tire core that is shaped similar to a tire's inner tube, and functions like an “air-filled” tire, but the absence of the use of air in this unique configuration gives it the “Flat Tire Prevention” effect.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 19, 2001
    Date of Patent: January 8, 2008
    Inventor: Nathaniel Heard
  • Patent number: 7252127
    Abstract: Bicycle wheels have integral reflective areas to increase visibility of the bicycle. These areas show through portions of the wheel tread, so that the tread protects the reflector material from wear. The reflecting areas are scattered over the wheel and situated at a variety of angles with respect to the plane of the wheel so that reflectors are always situated to reflect light from the sun, a street lamp, or car headlights. A bicycle tire of the conventional sort having a tube and removable outer tire having tread is used. The outer tire has holes formed in it interspersed among the raised areas of tread. Reflecting material in sheets is placed between the outer wheel and the tube. Preferably, the reflecting material is affixed to the outer tire, and is coated with a protective coating.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 8, 2005
    Date of Patent: August 7, 2007
    Inventor: Mark Goetz
  • Patent number: 7249622
    Abstract: A tire is manufactured on standard tire building equipment and cured in standard curing presses. The tire tread has at least one deep circumferentially extending groove. Within the groove is a separately assembled ring. The ring may be fitted into the deep groove after vulcanization of the tire. For very wide tires, two grooves with two external rings may be used or more than two grooves and beads, depending upon the tire width.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 15, 2003
    Date of Patent: July 31, 2007
    Assignee: The Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company
    Inventor: John Kolbjoern Roedseth
  • Patent number: 6923233
    Abstract: A runflat radial ply tire (70) having a thread (72), a carcass (86) and a belt structure (74) radially located between the thread and the carcass has two sidewalls (80, 82) each reinforced with a circumferentially disposed wedge insert (50a?, 50b?) having a saw-tooth cross-sectional shape. The saw-tooth cross-sectional shape of each wedge insert (50a?, 50b?) is defined by a plurality of circumferentially disposed segments (52a–52e), each of which is separated from adjacent segments by circumferentially disposed grooves (54a–54d). During heavy loading of the tire, or during runflat operation, the radially loaded sidewall portions deform until the grooves (54a?–54d?) undergo closure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 30, 1999
    Date of Patent: August 2, 2005
    Assignee: The Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company
    Inventors: Jean-Marie Girault, Percy Anthony Lemaire, Roland Andre Terver
  • Publication number: 20040244894
    Abstract: A two-piece tire assembly has a removable tread belt 12 for installing about the circumference of a tire carcass 14. The tread belt has a pair of lateral ends each axially extending beyond the inflated unloaded carcass 14 at the circumferential surface by a distance of at least 4% of the width as measured at the tread belt 12 and carcass 14 interface. The carcass 14 has an abrasion resistant rubber layer 82 at the tread belt interface. The tread belt 12 also has the abrasion resistance tread compound 82 at the carcass 14 interface. The tread belt 12 has a tread portion 80 that includes a tread cap 80A and a tread base 80B.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 9, 2003
    Publication date: December 9, 2004
    Inventors: Thomas Joseph Segatta, Thomas Roy Fuhrig, Kristine Nicole Ludwig, William Earl Rayman
  • Publication number: 20040244893
    Abstract: A two-piece tire assembly has a removable tread belt 12 for installing about the circumference of a tire carcass 14. The tread belt has a pair of lateral ends each axially extending beyond the inflated unloaded carcass 14 at the circumferential surface by a distance of at least 4% of the width as measured at the tread belt 12 and carcass 14 interface. The carcass 14 has an abrasion resistant rubber layer 82A at the tread belt interface. The tread belt 12 also has the abrasion resistance tread compound 82B at the carcass 14 interface.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 9, 2003
    Publication date: December 9, 2004
    Inventors: Thomas Roy Fuhrig, Gregory Scott Hanna, William Earl Rayman
  • Publication number: 20040238090
    Abstract: A pneumatic tire that does not require mending a puncture outside the car and that prevents leakage of air without entailing a weight increase or the aggravation of riding comfort as found in a conventional puncture-less tire; and a method of producing the same. This pneumatic tire has a rubber-like thin film applied to the inner surface thereof, which film has a breaking extension of not less than 900% and a tensile strength of not less than 15 MPa. The rubber-like thin film is in the form of a dried thin film of latex.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 6, 2004
    Publication date: December 2, 2004
    Inventors: Yoshio Ueda, Satoshi Makino, Yasuhiro Miyatani
  • Patent number: 6765045
    Abstract: Rubber composition vulcanizable with sulfur and tire tread and tire casing comprising the composition, characterized in that the composition comprises: a) at least one polymer selected from the group consisting of diene polymers, olefin/monomeric diene copolymers and isoolefin/halogenated para-alkylstyrene copolymers; b) silica as filler; c) at least one agent of the sulfur-containing silane type promoting the linkage between silica and polymer; d) at least one substituted guanidine; and in that it has at least one of the following characteristics: It has at least one diene polymer which comprises at least one terminal amino group of an aliphatic or cycloaliphatic amine which is bonded thereto at the end of the chain, the polymer then being devoid of the alkoxysilane and silanol group; the composition comprises at least one free aliphatic or cycloaliphatic amine.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 19, 2000
    Date of Patent: July 20, 2004
    Assignee: Michelin Recherche et Technique S.A.
    Inventors: Marc Daniel, Gérard Labauze
  • Patent number: 6739365
    Abstract: A tubeless tire (1) comprising: Twin bead portions (5), each of which lets a wheel engage it; An outer layer portion (2) having a tread portion (6) to be grounding; An inner liner layer (3) included rubber, which is entirely stuck inside of the outer layer portion (2), wherein There is provided the most inner layer (4) inside of the inner liner layer (3), which not only maintains airtight of the tubeless tire, but includes an adhesion part (4a), in which it is stuck to the inner liner layer (3), and non-adhesion part (4b), in which it is not stuck on the inner liner layer (3) and it (4b) can be transformed independently for the outer layer portion (2) and the inner liner layer (3).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 7, 2001
    Date of Patent: May 25, 2004
    Assignee: Honda Giken Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventor: Satoshi Makino
  • Patent number: 6701987
    Abstract: A pneumatic tire (10) incorporates a plurality of parallel-aligned, tread-stiffening support members (23) typically disposed laterally between the tread (12) and the ply structure (16). The support members (23) inhibit lateral and circumferential tread lift during runflat operation. Support members (23) can each be a monolithic rib (22) made of a fiber reinforced plastic material. An alternative layered rib (24) has two outer layers (40, 44) of a fiber reinforced plastic material while the central layer (42) is an elastomer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 9, 2001
    Date of Patent: March 9, 2004
    Assignee: The Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company
    Inventor: John Ronald Abbott
  • Patent number: 6691757
    Abstract: A radial tire for vehicles, comprising two side-cut shields, which are disposed on both sidewalls of the radial tire, the side-cut shields comprising at least two plies, which comprise a first filament array, which consists of mutually substantially parallel filaments, and a second filament array, which consists of mutually substantially parallel filaments, the filaments in the first filament array being at an angle &agr; relative to the filaments of the second filament array, the angle &agr; being 20-90°, and the side-cut shields being disposed to extend from the bead areas of the radial tire to the shoulder areas of the radial tire such that the edges of the side-cut shields facing the shoulder area are disposed between the belt layers and the plies. A method for manufacturing such a radial tire is also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 4, 2001
    Date of Patent: February 17, 2004
    Assignee: Nokian Renkaat Oyj
    Inventor: Veikko Oksanen
  • Patent number: 6666248
    Abstract: Disclosed is a pneumatic tire for a construction vehicle, which enhances a reinforcement effect by protectors provided on a sidewall portion. This pneumatic tire includes: at least two convex-shaped protectors extended in a tire circumferential direction, the protectors being provided in a range of 30 through 65% of a tire cross-sectional height on at least one of sidewall portions; and elastomeric reinforcing members buried inside the protectors, wherein a 100% modulus of the elastomeric reinforcing members is set at 5 through 25 times a 100% modulus of a rubber composition of the sidewall portion adjacent thereto.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 25, 2002
    Date of Patent: December 23, 2003
    Assignee: The Yokohama Rubber Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Norio Omoto, Shuuichi Fukutani, Daisuke Kanenari
  • Publication number: 20030213539
    Abstract: A two-piece tire assembly has a removable tread belt 12 for installing about the circumference of a tire carcass 14. The tread belt has a pair of lateral ends each axially extending beyond the inflated unloaded carcass 14 at the circumferential surface by a distance of at least 4% of the width as measured at the tread belt 12 and carcass 14 interface. The carcass 14 has an abrasion resistant rubber layer 82 at the tread belt interface. The tread belt 12 also has the abrasion resistance tread compound 82 at the carcass 14 interface.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 9, 2003
    Publication date: November 20, 2003
    Inventors: Thomas Roy Fuhrig, Gregory Scott Hanna, William Earl Rayman
  • Publication number: 20030005993
    Abstract: Disclosed is a pneumatic tire for a construction vehicle, which enhances a reinforcement effect by protectors provided on a sidewall portion. This pneumatic tire includes: at least two convex-shaped protectors extended in a tire circumferential direction, the protectors being provided in a range of 30 through 65% of a tire cross-sectional height on at least one of sidewall portions; and elastic reinforcing members buried inside the protectors, wherein a 100% modulus of the elastic reinforcing members is set at 5 through 25 times a 100% modulus of a rubber composition of the sidewall portion adjacent thereto.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 25, 2002
    Publication date: January 9, 2003
    Inventors: Norio Omoto, Shuuichi Fukutani, Daisuke Kanenari
  • Patent number: 6318427
    Abstract: A tire system for motorcycles comprises a pneumatic tire having a cavity, an annular tire core made of an elastic closed-cell material disposed in the cavity and provided on the radially inside with a groove, and a pressure bag inserted in the groove, wherein: in a free state of the tire core not disposed in the cavity, the cross sectional area Sa of the tire core is in the range of from 3.1 to 4.8 times the cross sectional area Sb of the groove; and the total Sa+Sb of the cross sectional area Sa of the tire core and the cross sectional area Sb of the groove is in the range of from 1.0 to 1.3 times the cross sectional area Sc of the cavity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 26, 1999
    Date of Patent: November 20, 2001
    Assignee: Sumitomo Rubber Industries, Ltd.
    Inventors: Kenichi Fujiwara, Takao Kuwahara
  • Patent number: 6105641
    Abstract: A semi-pneumatic tire assembly including a tire casing 22 and a lining 26 is provided. The lining 26 includes a contoured inward surface 30 defining an inflation chamber 18 about an associated wheel rim. The tire assembly is formed by injecting a curable, lining-forming material 96 into a cavity 57 defmed between the tire casing 22 and a molding member 50. The molding member 50 includes a contoured outer surface 54 which molds the inward surface of the lining 26. The molding member 50 may be an inflatable airbag 100 retained in the tire assembly during service. Alternately, the molding member 50 may be a solid core 114 which is removed prior to mounting the tire casing 22 and lining 26 on the associated rim.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 23, 1998
    Date of Patent: August 22, 2000
    Assignee: The Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company
    Inventors: Shirish Rasikchandra Jasani, Jerry Malin, William Earl Rayman, Richard Henry Reisinger
  • Patent number: 4319618
    Abstract: A pneumatic tire wheel for use in off-road vehicles is disclosed. This tire wheel is provided with a protrusion projecting over tread width and sectional width of the tire toward the widthwise direction thereof under an inflation pressure and being integrally united with each of side portions in the vicinity of the outer surface of the side portion above a definite position of the sectional width and near the tread portion, and a protector extending outward from the bead portion along the sidewall surface of at least one side portion up to the inside base of the protrusion toward the radial direction of the tire and composed of an annular disc provided at its inner periphery with an annular seat firmly sandwiched between the bead portion of the tire and the rim flange.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 28, 1980
    Date of Patent: March 16, 1982
    Assignee: Bridgestone Tire Company, Limited
    Inventor: Yasuo Suzuki
  • Patent number: 4247275
    Abstract: PCT No. PCT/US79/01107 PCT Filed Dec. 17, 1979 Sec. 371 Dec. 17, 1979 Sec. 102(e) Date Dec. 17, 1979.A method and apparatus for forming the mounting portion of a sidewall protector includes a rigid mold (19) in which a sidewall protector (12) can be formed and a separate plate assembly (29,31) which is moveable toward the rigid mold to form the mounting holes (10), central opening 11, and a pair of annular ribs (14,16) on opposite sides of the sidewall protector. Movement of the plate (32) is done by a plurality of springs (47) each positioned between the plate (32) and an enlarged head portion (48) of a pin (46). The springs are compressed by a linear actuator (43) and the pin (46) is connected to the mold (19) by a dowel (54) inserted through a hole (53) in the pin (46) to maintain the compression on the springs (47).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 17, 1979
    Date of Patent: January 27, 1981
    Assignee: Caterpillar Tractor Co.
    Inventors: Richard W. Kizer, Arlynn W. Anderson, Robert W. Untz
  • Patent number: 3970131
    Abstract: A tread for the recapping of tires is provided with a roughened internal surface simultaneously with the shaping of profile on its external surface in a vulcanizing form. The internal surface can be roughened by placing against the body of raw rubber in the form of a latticework, a plate with regularly or irregularly distributed projections or a composite deforming structure. The internal surface of the prefabricated tread can be sealed from the atmosphere by a foil which is applied to the internal surface directly in the form or subsequent to removal of tread from the form.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 24, 1974
    Date of Patent: July 20, 1976
    Assignee: Vakuum Vulk Holdings Ltd.
    Inventor: Wilhelm Schelkmann