With Refrigeration Or Freezing Patents (Class 156/80)
  • Patent number: 10730557
    Abstract: A cross car beam assembly is provided herein. A composite beam structure extends transversely across a vehicle. A vehicle floor bracket is disposed below the composite beam. A composite reinforcement has a first portion fixedly engaged to the beam structure and a second portion engaged to the vehicle floor bracket.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 11, 2017
    Date of Patent: August 4, 2020
    Assignee: Ford Global Technologies, LLC
    Inventors: Gary D. Mullen, Anthony Ligi, Jr., Li Lu, Nicholas Andrew Mazzocchi
  • Publication number: 20150105212
    Abstract: A method for salvaging a surface of a pin-bore assembly associated with a carrier is provided. The method includes inserting a sleeve within a bore of the carrier. The method also includes installing a retention mechanism that secures the sleeve within the bore of the carrier.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 14, 2013
    Publication date: April 16, 2015
    Applicant: Caterpillar Inc.
    Inventors: Curtis J. Graham, Donald G. Clark, Deven J. Efta, Charles G. Leeper, Jamie L. Krank, Kristin A. Schipull
  • Publication number: 20150085427
    Abstract: A carbon composite material, including a plurality of spaced graphene sheets, each respective sheet having opposed generally planar surfaces, and a plurality of functionalized carbonaceous particles. At least some functionalized carbonaceous particles are disposed between any two adjacent graphene sheets, and each respective at least some functionalized carbonaceous particle is attached to both respective any two adjacent graphene sheets. Each respective graphene sheet comprises at least one layer of graphene and at least portions of respective any two adjacent graphene sheets are oriented substantially parallel with one another.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 7, 2014
    Publication date: March 26, 2015
    Inventors: Jian Xie, Meixian Wang
  • Publication number: 20150013881
    Abstract: The invention relates to a device (1) for producing a case having a large length for food, in particular for sausages, from a plurality of individual case sections made of casings that contain collagens, such as natural casings or collagen-containing artificial casings, comprising a mandrel (2) and at least two sleeve sections (3), wherein the sleeve sections (3), in order to create an overlapping area (4), are pushed over the mandrel (2) and arranged such as to overlap each other, a heating element (5) for temporarily exchanging heat between the heating element (5) and the overlapping area (4), such that the case sections are at least partially welded to each other in the overlapping area (4), a deformable extension body (6), wherein the deformable extension body annularly surrounds the mandrel (2) and is arranged inside the case sections (3), wherein the deformable extension body (6) is made of an elastically deformable material, and a mold (7) that encloses the mandrel (2) in some sections.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 4, 2013
    Publication date: January 15, 2015
    Applicant: CDS Hackner GmbH
    Inventor: Michael Hackner
  • Publication number: 20150000823
    Abstract: A curved display panel manufacturing method is provided. The curved display panel manufacturing method in which a display panel in a desired curved shape is manufactured using a prefabricated flat liquid crystal panel including a lower substrate and an upper substrate formed of glass and opposite each other, each of the lower substrate and an upper substrate being provided with a polarizing plate, and a liquid crystal layer formed between the lower substrate and the upper substrate, includes separating the polarizing plates from the lower substrate and the upper substrate, removing the outer surface of the liquid crystal panel to reduce the lower substrate and the upper substrate from which the polarizing plates are separated to a designated thickness, and bending the liquid crystal panel having the removed outer surface in a desired curved shape.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 27, 2014
    Publication date: January 1, 2015
    Inventors: Yong Beom KIM, Woon Yong PARK
  • Patent number: 8758534
    Abstract: A method of attaching a first portion and a second portion to each other. An adhesive is exposed to a low temperature in order to obtain a non-tacky adhesive. The non-tacky adhesive is arranged between the two portions. The adhesive is cured. Use of adhesive according to the method.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 19, 2008
    Date of Patent: June 24, 2014
    Assignee: Saab AB
    Inventors: Björn Weidmann, Anders Westerdahl
  • Patent number: 8721819
    Abstract: An improved stent-graft device is provided that delivers a smooth flow surface over a range of operative expanded diameters by applying a unique cover material to the stent through a technique that allows the cover to become wrinkle-free prior to reaching fully deployed diameter. The unique cover material then allows the device to continue to expand to a fully deployed diameter while maintaining a smooth and coherent flow surface throughout this additional expansion. Employed with a self-expanding device, when the device is unconstrained from a compacted diameter it will self-expand up to a fully deployed diameter with the graft being substantially wrinkle-free over diameters ranging from about 30-50% to 100% of the fully deployed diameter.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 19, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 13, 2014
    Assignee: W. L. Gore & Asociates, Inc.
    Inventors: Edward H. Cully, Michael J. Vonesh
  • Publication number: 20140081297
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to the compositions and methods of preparing hydrogel-grafted nerve guides for peripheral nerve regeneration. Particularly, the present invention describes the nerve guides and methods for preparation of hydrogel-grafted nerve guides with encapsulated neurotrophic factors and a nanofiber mesh lining the inner surface of the guide. The present invention also provides methods for peripheral nerve repair using these hydrogel-grafted nerve guides.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 15, 2013
    Publication date: March 20, 2014
    Inventors: Ahmet Hoke, Shawn H. Lim, Xingyu Liu, Hai-Quan Mao
  • Publication number: 20140079943
    Abstract: The present invention relates to an artificial leather and method for making the same. The artificial leather includes a polyester fiber substrate and a thermoplastic polyester elastomer (TPEE) resin layer. The polyester fiber substrate has a plurality of polyester fibers. The thermoplastic polyester elastomer (TPEE) resin layer is disposed adjacent to the polyester fiber substrate, and the material thereof is thermoplastic polyester elastomer (TPEE). Whereby, the material of the all layers of the artificial leather is polyester types, therefore, the whole artificial leather can be melted to recycle and reuse when disposing the artificial leather, so as to achieve the effect of environmental protection.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 10, 2013
    Publication date: March 20, 2014
    Applicant: SAN FANG CHEMICAL INDUSTRY CO., LTD.
    Inventors: CHUNG-CHIH FENG, CHIH-YI LIN, KAO-LUNG YANG, CHENG-WEI CHEN, YAO-MIN HUANG
  • Publication number: 20130345729
    Abstract: A compression and kink resistant tubular implant for nerve repair. The implant includes a tubular biopolymeric membrane and a polymeric supporting filament. Also provided is a shaped compression resistant implant for ridge augmentation in dental surgery. Methods for producing the implants are also provided.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 22, 2012
    Publication date: December 26, 2013
    Applicant: Collagen Matrix, Inc.
    Inventors: Shu-Tung Li, Debbie Yuen
  • Patent number: 8580068
    Abstract: A method for manufacturing a rigid-flexible printed circuit boards includes following steps. First, a first rigid substrate is attached to a first adhesive layer. Second, a first opening through the combined first rigid substrate and the first adhesive layer is defined. Third, the first rigid substrate is laminated to a flexible substrate, the flexible substrate includes an exposed portion exposed via the first opening. Fourth, a second rigid substrate is attached to a second adhesive, a glass transition temperature of the second adhesive layer being lower than that of the first adhesive layer. Fifth, a second opening through the combined first rigid substrate and the first adhesive layer is defined. Sixth, the second rigid substrate is laminated to the flexible substrate in such a manner that the flexible substrate is sandwiched between the first and second adhesive layers, the exposed portion is exposed in the first and the second openings.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 14, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 12, 2013
    Assignee: Zhen Ding Technology Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Chien-Pang Cheng
  • Patent number: 8440034
    Abstract: A pipe is wrapped with a composite to form a pre-stressed interface to facilitate load sharing between the materials. Prior to being wrapped, the pipe is placed in tension via hydraulic devices or the like. Alternatively, a combination of cured and uncured composite wraps is used in proximity to each other to apply compressive stress to the pipe. In addition, the pipe may be subjected to cold temperatures to change its dimensions prior to being wrapped with a composite material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 28, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 14, 2013
    Assignee: Vetco Gray Inc.
    Inventors: Joseph W. Pallini, Fife B. Ellis, Danny L. Havelka, Brian N. Munk
  • Patent number: 8426965
    Abstract: While bumps formed on pads of a semiconductor chip and a board having a sheet-like seal-bonding resin stuck on its surface are set face to face, the bumps and the board are pressed to each other with a tool, thereby forming a semiconductor chip mounted structure in which the seal-bonding resin is filled between the semiconductor chip and the board and in which the pads of the semiconductor chip and the electrodes of the board are connected to each other via the bumps, respectively. Entire side faces at corner portions of the semiconductor chip are covered with the seal-bonding resin. Therefore, loads generated at the corner portions due to board flexures for thermal expansion and contraction differences among the individual members caused by heating and cooling during mounting as well as for mechanical loads after mounting so that internal breakdown of the semiconductor chip can be avoided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 6, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 23, 2013
    Assignee: Panasonic Corporation
    Inventors: Teppei Iwase, Yoshihiro Tomura, Kazuhiro Nobori, Yuichiro Yamada, Kentaro Kumazawa
  • Publication number: 20130004783
    Abstract: In a manufacturing method of a transparent laminated sheet of the invention, the transparent laminated sheet includes a first base layer that is formed by a crystalline resin and a second base layer that is provided on at least one surface of the first base layer and is formed of a crystalline resin. The crystalline resin for the second base layer has a larger melt flow rate and a shorter relaxation time than the crystalline resin for the first base layer. The transparent laminated sheet is formed by rapidly cooling the crystalline resin for the first base layer and the crystalline resin for the second base layer immediately after being respectively extruded from dies in a melted state.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 9, 2011
    Publication date: January 3, 2013
    Applicant: IDEMITSU UNITECH CO., LTD.
    Inventor: Akira Funaki
  • Patent number: 8293046
    Abstract: A process for producing a porous body with different physical properties in desired regions is provided by pore forming treatment, not by bonding two or more materials made porous beforehand, with, for example, an adhesive. Raw materials are prepared, each of which contains a polymer and a raw material preparation solvent. At least two types of the raw materials having different compositions are prepared. Thereafter, the respective raw materials are frozen into desired shapes to form frozen bodies thereof. The frozen bodies thus formed are brought into contact with each other to form an assembly thereof, the assembly is exposed to a condition under which the frozen bodies begin to melt, and the assembly is then freeze-dried. Thus, a porous body having regions different in physical properties can be obtained. Such a porous body can be used as, for example, an adhesion inhibitory material or a scaffold for a cell culture.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 24, 2008
    Date of Patent: October 23, 2012
    Assignee: JMS Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Toshinobu Sajiki, Satoshi Hirai
  • Patent number: 8206546
    Abstract: A heat shield having a honeycomb core. The honeycomb core has a plurality of intersecting wall portions forming a plurality of cells. A strain compliant material is applied to the wall portions of the honeycomb core prior to filling of the cells with an ablative material. An ablative material at least substantially fills the cells of the honeycomb core.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 13, 2008
    Date of Patent: June 26, 2012
    Assignee: The Boening Company
    Inventors: James V. Tompkins, Chad M. Franks
  • Publication number: 20110315300
    Abstract: A method of attaching a first portion and a second portion to each other. An adhesive is exposed to a low temperature in order to obtain a non-tacky adhesive. The non-tacky adhesive is arranged between the two portions. The adhesive is cured. Use of adhesive according to the method.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 19, 2008
    Publication date: December 29, 2011
    Applicant: SAAB AB
    Inventors: Björn Weidmann, Anders Westerdahl
  • Patent number: 8057615
    Abstract: Disclosed is a process for adhering a flexible film to a substrate by interpositioning between the film and the substrate of a sufficient amount of a liquid, so that no bubbles are trapped between the film and the substrate after the film has been applied to the substrate using a scraper and where the liquid does not freeze at a substrate temperature below 0° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 21, 2010
    Date of Patent: November 15, 2011
    Assignee: Saint-Gobain Glass France
    Inventors: Helene Grussaute-Nghiem, Marie-isabelle Watchi, Yves Demars, Gilles Lonchampt
  • Patent number: 7998295
    Abstract: A method of forming a heat shield that involves thermally stabilizing a plurality of phenolic microspheres; mixing the thermally stabilized phenolic microspheres with a phenolic resin to form a phenolic ablative material; compressing the phenolic ablative material into a honeycomb core; and allowing the phenolic ablative material to cure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 13, 2008
    Date of Patent: August 16, 2011
    Assignee: The Boeing Company
    Inventors: Conley S. Thatcher, John S. Jones, Jeffrey D. Eichinger, Brian L. Muench, Tab H. Crooks, Edwin B. Curry
  • Publication number: 20110139341
    Abstract: A pipe is wrapped with a composite to form a pre-stressed interface to facilitate load sharing between the materials. Prior to being wrapped, the pipe is placed in tension via hydraulic devices or the like. Alternatively, a combination of cured and uncured composite wraps is used in proximity to each other to apply compressive stress to the pipe. In addition, the pipe may be subjected to cold temperatures to change its dimensions prior to being wrapped with a composite material.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 28, 2011
    Publication date: June 16, 2011
    Applicant: Vetco Gray Inc.
    Inventors: Joseph W. Pallini, Fife B. Ellis, Danny L. Havelka, Brian N. Munk
  • Publication number: 20110132522
    Abstract: A method and apparatus are provided for die cutting label stock comprising a facestock, an adhesive and optionally a liner to form labels where a liner of the linered pressure sensitive adhesive label stock may be a thin or ultrathin liner.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 14, 2009
    Publication date: June 9, 2011
    Applicant: AVERY DENNISON CORPORATION
    Inventors: Alan Green, Dennis Rene Benoit
  • Patent number: 7918714
    Abstract: A method and a device for treating wafers on assembly carriers is disclosed. A wafer to be treated can be fixed on a liquid film that is located between the front side of the wafer and the assembly carrier by freezing of the film.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 10, 2007
    Date of Patent: April 5, 2011
    Assignee: Infineon Technologies AG
    Inventors: Werner Kroeninger, Manfred Schneegans
  • Publication number: 20110067798
    Abstract: A DI forming water-based coolant of a laminated metal sheet includes at least one kind of base (a) selected from alkanolamines and alkali metal hydroxides, a fatty acid (b), and water (c), wherein the total content of the base (a) and the fatty acid (b) is 0.02 to 4% by mass and the ratio of a straight-chain fatty acid having a carbon number of 6 to 12 in the fatty acid (b) is 80 to 100% by mass.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 26, 2009
    Publication date: March 24, 2011
    Applicants: JFE STEEL CORPORATION, NIPPON QUAKER CHEMICAL, LTD.
    Inventors: Yasuhide Oshima, Masaki Tada, Hiroki Iwasa, Katsumi Kojima, Junichi Kitagawa, Yoshihiko Yasue, Toshikazu Ikeda, Tomohiro Kanokogi, Takeyoshi Fukuda
  • Patent number: 7846284
    Abstract: A process for recycling scrap of shoe stiffener comprising the steps of: 1. Kneading the collected scrap of shoe stiffener, having a core layer of TPU resin material (with filler) sandwiched in between two opposite net fabric layers, to be dense clumps; 2. Freezing the dense clumps to be hard frozen clumps; 3. Crushing the hard frozen clumps to be a crushed product including pellets of resin material, and short fibers; and 4. Extruding the crushed product including pellets and short fibers to produce a regenerated core layer; and covering or laminating two net fabric layers on opposite sides of the regenerated core layer to obtain a regenerated shoe stiffener sheet to enhance environmental protection and prevent from wasting of material resources.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 15, 2008
    Date of Patent: December 7, 2010
    Inventors: Tsang I Hsu, Tien Ying Wu
  • Patent number: 7833368
    Abstract: In a method for making a window covering the user selects a first segment of cellular material in which there is a top cell having a top surface, at least one glue line on the top surface and a strip of fabric on the at least one glue line. The strip of fabric and at least a portion of the glue line are removed from the top surface of the top cell. and a second glue line is applied to that top surface. A second segment of cellular material is place over the second glue line on the top surface of the top cell of the first segment. The glue line cures and bonds the second segment of cellular material to the first segment of cellular material. If the cellular material has tabbed cells the processes can be used to join the tabs of the two segments together.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 21, 2007
    Date of Patent: November 16, 2010
    Inventors: Ren Judkins, John D. Rupel
  • Patent number: 7815761
    Abstract: A method and apparatus enables linered label applicators to use labels on thin liners. Linered labels comprise a composite of an elongate sheet of thin or light-weight temporary liner having a precut label adhered to a low adhesion surface. The cut-out labels on the liner are fed into the linered label applicator. The use of support mechanisms other then vacuum application on rollers enables the use of thinner liner sheets on labels. A die head for cutting or perforating labels comprising adhesive on label stock comprising a die head having at least 80% of its outer surface comprising flat areas between cutting edges, multiple cutting edges on the outer surface, and an internal volume in the die head, the internal volume for carrying coolant liquid into and out of the volume so as to cool the outer surface of the die head when the coolant temperature is at least 10° C. cooler than the outer surface of the die head.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 6, 2006
    Date of Patent: October 19, 2010
    Assignee: Advanced Label Systems, Inc.
    Inventor: Robert Phillips
  • Publication number: 20090114547
    Abstract: A cell for the electrowinning of aluminium has a cavity for containing electrolyte (20) and one or more non emerging active anode bodies (5) that are suspended in the electrolyte. The electrolyte's surface (21,21?) has an expanse extending over the cavity and is substantially covered by a self-formed crust (25) of frozen electrolyte. The crust is mechanically reinforced by at least one preformed refractory body (30, 30?,30?). The electrolyte crust is formed against the preformed refractory body and bonded thereto so as to inhibit mechanical failure of the crust and collapse of the crust into the cavity.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 26, 2007
    Publication date: May 7, 2009
    Inventors: Thinh T. Nguyen, Rene Von Kaenel, Vittorio De Nora
  • Patent number: 7513967
    Abstract: A raw material including a mixture of a natural fiber and a thermoplastic fiber is supplied to a surface of a rotating rotary body. The natural and thermoplastic fibers are scattered toward a carrying surface of a conveyor belt by the rotational force of the rotary body. An air blower may direct pressurized air to the scattered raw material in order to further effect separation of the natural and thermoplastic fibers. Consequently, the natural fibers and the thermoplastic fibers are deposited such that the relative concentration of the natural fibers and the thermoplastic fibers gradually and seamlessly changes or varies across the thickness of depth of the resulting molded fiber material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 27, 2001
    Date of Patent: April 7, 2009
    Assignees: Toyota Boshoku Kabushiki Kaisha, Kabushiki Kaisha Otsuka
    Inventors: Takehiro Kato, Kumiko Sango, Masato Nomura, Kazuo Hayakawa
  • Publication number: 20090050730
    Abstract: A pipe is wrapped with a composite to form a pre-stressed interface to facilitate load sharing between the materials. Prior to being wrapped, the pipe is placed in tension via hydraulic devices or the like. Alternatively, a combination of cured and uncured composite wraps is used in proximity to each other to apply compressive stress to the pipe. In addition, the pipe may be subjected to cold temperatures to change its dimensions prior to being wrapped with a composite material.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 24, 2007
    Publication date: February 26, 2009
    Inventors: Joseph W. Pallini, Fife B. Ellis, Danny L. Havelka, Brian N. Munk
  • Publication number: 20080305289
    Abstract: The present invention provides methods for preparing compositions in blister packages using complex aluminum substrate materials, wherein said complex aluminum substrate materials comprise an intermediate aluminum layer, and first and second outer layers, wherein the material of the first outer layer differs from that of the second outer layer, and the flexural rigidity of the first outer layer differs from that of the second outer layer by 0-30%.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 19, 2008
    Publication date: December 11, 2008
    Inventors: Hewei Li, Congwei Wang, Bo Du, Chenggong Jia, Shirong Jiao, Chun Ji
  • Publication number: 20080178988
    Abstract: A method of labelling vials and containers for storing in freezing or cryogenic environment. More specifically, a method for labelling of vials and other containers which have a low surface temperature such as found in vials or containers freshly removed from a freezing or cryogenic environment.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 27, 2007
    Publication date: July 31, 2008
    Inventor: Gourgen AMBARTSOUMIAN
  • Patent number: 7214284
    Abstract: A manufacturing method of trademark label of the present invention comprises a process of making rubber sheet which produced by compounding the ingredients of natural rubber composite, a process of cutting the rubber sheet according to the design of trademark label, a process of spreading primer on adhesion side of cut trademark label and drying at normal temperature for about 5 minutes, a process of spreading binder on the primer-spread and dried part of trademark label, a process of inserting the glue-spread trademark label into the cavity of metallic mold and gluing (first gluing process) the trademark label on artificial leather, a process of removing unnecessary impurities of trademark label attached to artificial leather (by first gluing process), a process of inserting trademark label whose impurities are removed into the metallic mold and hot-pressing at the temperature of about 150°, and a process of refrigerating the trademark label hot-pressed on artificial leather to the temperature of about 5° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 21, 2003
    Date of Patent: May 8, 2007
    Inventor: Bang Suk Kang
  • Patent number: 7070669
    Abstract: An improved process for producing ceramic thick film array elements is provided. In this regard, ceramic elements are formed on a temporary, or printing, substrate by screen printing or other forming methods. The temporary, or printing, substrate is advantageously provided with a release layer. This makes it possible to release the printed and soft-baked ceramic elements from the temporary substrate and transfer the ceramic elements to the sintering substrate. The contemplated release technique takes advantage of the phase transition of a liquid, e.g. water, to transfer the elements to a sintering substrate. After sintering and electrode deposition, the ceramic element array is bonded to a target substrate. Then, the sintering substrate is removed to make the array available for implementation in a variety of suitable environments.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 20, 2004
    Date of Patent: July 4, 2006
    Assignee: Xerox Corporation
    Inventors: Stephen D. White, Baomin Xu
  • Publication number: 20040182492
    Abstract: In a method for filling pores between two adjacent layers of a laminate for a component with high demands upon strength and comprising several layers of fibre composite having within each layer substantially parallel fibres embedded in a matrix, a connection path is created, through which a medium may move inside the laminate, between the exterior of the laminate and the pore by exerting the laminate at least in the region of the pore for forces making slots to propagate substantially in the matrix through each laminate layer along the fibre direction of the layer. A flowing, curable material is after that applied at an outer surface of the laminate and this is brought to fill the pore through the connection path. Finally, the material filling the pore is brought to cure.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 29, 2004
    Publication date: September 23, 2004
    Applicant: SAAB AB
    Inventors: Max Krogager, Jan Vaara
  • Publication number: 20020157759
    Abstract: Optics used in a high vacuum environment are mounted by bonding by use of addition polymerizing material which used in that environment. The suitability for use in the high vacuum environment is achieved by precise control of outgassing of trapped and dissolved gases, including low molecular weight hydrocarbons and amines, and unreacted material from component parts of said addition polymerizing material. A plurality of application quantities of the polymer are prepared in a large batch for use as pre-mixed frozen (PMF) material. The use of the large batch enables more precise control of mixture so that near-stoichiometric proportions of the polymer components are easily achieved.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 7, 2001
    Publication date: October 31, 2002
    Inventors: Vijaya N. V. Raghavan, Mark Timothy Sullivan, Gerald William Purmal
  • Patent number: 6451142
    Abstract: Optics used in a high vacuum environment are mounted by bonding by use of addition polymerizing material which used in that environment. The suitability for use in the high vacuum environment is achieved by precise control of outgassing of trapped and dissolved gases, including low molecular weight hydrocarbons and amines, and unreacted material from component parts of said addition polymerizing material. A plurality of application quantities of the polymer are prepared in a large batch for use as pre-mixed frozen (PMF) material. The use of the large batch enables more precise control of mixture so that near-stoichiometric proportions of the polymer components are easily achieved.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 22, 2000
    Date of Patent: September 17, 2002
    Assignee: Agilent Technologies, Inc
    Inventors: Vijaya N. V. Raghavan, Mark Timothy Sullivan, Gerald William Purmal
  • Patent number: 6033511
    Abstract: A method for fabricating composite structures at a low-cost, moderate-to-high production rate. A first embodiment of the method includes employing a continuous press forming fabrication process. A second embodiment of the method includes employing a pultrusion process for obtaining composite structures. The methods include coating yarns with matrix material, weaving the yarn into fabric to produce a continuous fabric supply and feeding multiple layers of net-shaped fabrics having optimally oriented fibers into a debulking tool to form an undebulked preform. The continuous press forming fabrication process includes partially debulking the preform, cutting the partially debulked preform and debulking the partially debulked preform to form a net-shape. An electron-beam or similar technique then cures the structure. The pultrusion fabric process includes feeding the undebulked preform into a heated die and gradually debulking the undebulked preform.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 23, 1997
    Date of Patent: March 7, 2000
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration
    Inventor: Gary L. Farley
  • Patent number: 6033510
    Abstract: A method for fabricating composite structures at a low-cost, moderate-to-high production rate. A first embodiment of the method includes employing a continuous press forming fabrication process. A second embodiment of the method includes employing a pultrusion process for obtaining composite structures. The methods include coating yarns with matrix material, weaving the yarn into fabric to produce a continuous fabric supply and feeding multiple layers of net-shaped fabrics having optimally oriented fibers into a debulking tool to form an undebulked preform. The continuous press forming fabrication process includes partially debulking the preform, cutting the partially debulked preform and debulking the partially debulked preform to form a netshape. An electron-beam or similar technique then cures the structure. The pultrusion fabric process includes feeding the undebulked preform into a heated die and gradually debulking the undebulked preform.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 23, 1997
    Date of Patent: March 7, 2000
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States National Aeronautics and Space Administration
    Inventor: Gary L. Farley
  • Patent number: 6017588
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method for reinforcing a structure comprising the steps of forming a primer layer on the surface of a structure to be reinforced; forming if necessary a putty layer on the primer layer; applying an impregnating resin on the formed primer layer provided that the putty layer in case where the putty layer is formed on the primer layer, before, after or before and after cladding with the fiber sheets, to allow the resin to penetrate into the spaces in the fiber sheets; and curing the resin,the said primer, putty and impregnating resin comprising a resin composition which can cure at a temperature not more than 5.degree. C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 25, 1998
    Date of Patent: January 25, 2000
    Assignee: Mitsubishi Chemical Corporation
    Inventors: Takeshi Watanabe, Hiroaki Katano, Tsuneo Tanaka, Joji Shibata, Mitsuhiro Yada, Takeshi Nemoto
  • Patent number: 5906695
    Abstract: Invention relates to a method and apparatus for laminating glass sheets by placing a plastic film between the glass sheets. A refrigerated space (1) arranged above a laminating space (2) contains a plurality of unwinding units (6) for film rolls and therebelow a conveyor (9) taking up a film unwound from a roll. The laminating space (2) includes an intermediate conveyor (10) onto which a film sheet is transferred for heating prior to transferring said film sheet onto a glass sheet advancing on a laminating conveyor (4).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 16, 1995
    Date of Patent: May 25, 1999
    Assignee: Tamglass Engineering Oy
    Inventor: Esko Lehto
  • Patent number: 5776298
    Abstract: An apparatus for mounting a tissue specimen on a chuck for sectioning in a cryostat including a base, a clamp for receiving a tissue preparation slide, a chuck holder secured to the base for holding the chuck in a predetermined orientation relative to the clamp, a support secured to the base and extending therefrom and terminating in a distal end, and, means for slideably securing said clamp to said support. The clamp is positionable between a first location in which the clamp is at a minimum distance from the chuck holder and a second location in which the clamp is at a maximum distance from the chuck holder. A method for using the apparatus is likewise disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 26, 1996
    Date of Patent: July 7, 1998
    Inventor: James W. Franks
  • Patent number: 5762736
    Abstract: There is disclosed a method for parting an electroformed article from a mandrel including: (a) solidifying a liquid that is disposed between a parting device and the article, thereby joining the parting device to the article via the solidified liquid; and (b) moving the parting device in a direction of separation of the article from the mandrel while the parting device is joined to the article via the solidified liquid to assist in separation of the article from the mandrel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 21, 1997
    Date of Patent: June 9, 1998
    Assignee: Xerox Corporation
    Inventors: William G. Herbert, Loren E. Hendrix, Gary J. Maier, Ernest F. Matyi
  • Patent number: 5601670
    Abstract: A flexible, non-water absorbing insulation system is described for insulating articles exposed to relatively cold temperatures. This insulation system is especially adapted for insulating delivery or transfer hoses used with cryogenic liquid transfer operations. The insulating material is a thermoplastic sheet-like layer having gas-filled cells to which is attached or bonded to a metallized thermoplastic film. In one embodiment, the metallized thermoplastic material is bonded to the smooth side of the thermoplastic sheet-like material. In another embodiment, metallized thermoplastic material is bonded to both sides of the cell-containing thermoplastic material. The sheet-like insulating material is wrapped at least twice around the hose or article to be insulated. Slits may be cut in the insulating material to make the hose self draining whereby any condensed water can gravity drain once the temperature is above the freezing point of water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 2, 1995
    Date of Patent: February 11, 1997
    Assignee: Liquid Carbonic Corporation
    Inventor: George D. Rhoades
  • Patent number: 5595620
    Abstract: An apparatus for manufacturing a polymer dispersion liquid crystal layer comprises a hollow spherical light reflection member, LC cell supports provided in the reflection member, and a light source for radiating light in the reflection member. The inner surface of the reflection member constitutes a spherical reflection surface. The reflection member is provided with a light source. An LC cell filled with a mixture solution of LC and polymer material is supported on the supports. Then, the light source is turned on. Light emitted from the light source is reflected in various directions by the spherical reflection surface and is made incident uniformly on the LC cell in all directions with a substantially constant intensity. Accordingly, the light of a substantially equal intensity is radiated on all portions of the mixture solution in the LC cell, and the rate of progress of light polymerization is constant.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 23, 1994
    Date of Patent: January 21, 1997
    Assignee: Casio Computer Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Jiro Takei
  • Patent number: 5595621
    Abstract: A fully absorbable prosthesis (1) for the repair of damaged ligaments and/or tendons in the form of a multilayer spiral roll comprising the following spiral layers: a foraminous layer (2) of a synthetic bioabsorbable material; a bioabsorbable film (3); and a layer (4) of a bioabsorbable biopolymer sponge. The invention also provides a method of making such a prosthesis, comprising the steps of: providing a laminate of a foraminous layer of bioabsorbable material and a bioabsorbable film; coating the laminate with a layer of an aqueous gel comprising a bioabsorbable polymer; rolling up the laminate and the gel layer into a spiral roll, followed by drying the gel to form a layer of bioabsorbable sponge. The foraminous layer (2) preferably comprises a synthetic bioabsorbable polymer having high tensile strength. The bioabsorbable film (3) and sponge layer (4) preferably comprise a chemotactic biopolymer such as collagen.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 7, 1995
    Date of Patent: January 21, 1997
    Assignee: Johnson & Johnson Medical, Inc.
    Inventors: Nicholas D. Light, James McGregor, Wilson Harvey, Paul W. Watt
  • Patent number: 5338383
    Abstract: A ceramic fiber fabric such as an alumino-boro-silicate fabric is impregnated with a silicone elastomer to form a composite material. The fabric may be reinforced with hoops or rings to provide a free-standing insulation. The insulation is attached to the wall of a tank. The tank may be subjected to cryogenic temperatures such as during a cryostretch tank formation procedure, without cracking or spalling the insulation. The insulated tank can withstand exposure of elevated temperatures such as about 2000.degree. F.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 6, 1992
    Date of Patent: August 16, 1994
    Assignee: Aerojet General Corporation
    Inventor: John Polackowyj
  • Patent number: 5296083
    Abstract: A method for removal of asbestos floor tile comprising the following steps: lowering the temperature of a selected tile section and the adhesive material between said tile(s) and the juxtaposed subflooring; maintaining the temperature reducing agent for a period of time sufficient to cause said adhesive material/layer to substantially lose its bonding properties; removing the de-bonded asbestos tile from the subflooring and disposing according to Governmental regulations.A manually transportable housing dimensioned for receiving therewithin a quantity or block of dry ice. Said housing having a bottom section defining an opening for being aligned with a selected asbestos floor tile(s). Blower means mounted to said housing for directing an air stream over said dry ice and downwardly through said opening unto said tile(s).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 11, 1992
    Date of Patent: March 22, 1994
    Inventor: Onofrio G. Petino
  • Patent number: 5281287
    Abstract: A hydratable iontophoretic bioelectrode includes a plurality of layers of material capable of absorbing and holding an ionized fluid when placed in contact with the fluid. Adjacent layers are maintained at least partially out of contact from one another by disposition between the layers of spacing elements such as sugar or other dissolvable particles or cellulose. The edges of the layers may be crimped to maintain the layers in a stack for assembly with an electrode sheet; such a sheet would be provided for receiving an electrical current to thereby produce an electric field and cause a migration of ions of the ionized fluid away from the electrode sheet and into the skin or tissue of a person or animal against which the bioelectrode is placed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 12, 1993
    Date of Patent: January 25, 1994
    Assignee: Iomed, Inc.
    Inventors: Lindsay B. Lloyd, Jon E. Beck, Tomasz J. Petelenz, Stephen C. Jacobsen
  • Patent number: 5272113
    Abstract: Semiconductor chips, such as photosensor arrays in a full-width scanner, are mounted on a substrate to maintain reasonably consistent spacing among chips regardless of temperature conditions during use. After chips are tacked onto the substrate with uncured epoxy, the assembly is brought to a low temperature prior to the heating of the curing step. The technique permits design of the assembly to compensate for differences between the thermal coefficient of expansion of the chips and that of the substrate, while also minimizing mechanical stresses on the chips caused by heating in the course of use.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 12, 1992
    Date of Patent: December 21, 1993
    Assignee: Xerox Corporation
    Inventor: Kraig A. Quinn
  • Patent number: 5129990
    Abstract: The structural and gas-light bond between a radome and a fuselage in a missile cna be simultaneously fabricated in an improved methodology which reduces the numbers of fixtures required to be utilized, dramatically reduces the time for cure, simplifies the procedure, reduces the cost of fabrication and increases the yield. The fabrication process is comprised of the steps of applying an HT-424 film adhesive on the vertical flange of an etched surface of a fuselage. The film is spaced apart from the butt surface of the flange. A fillet of EA-934 paste adhesive is laid and formed into the corner of the flange between its vertical surface and the radially extending butt surface. The radome is then assembled onto the flange with all the paste adhesive which is extruded from the flange during assembly being immediately removed with a dampened cloth saturated with isopropyl alcohol.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 19, 1988
    Date of Patent: July 14, 1992
    Assignee: Hughes Aircraft Company
    Inventors: John F. Binnie, Jr., Willis B. Tolley