Fibers Of Different Dimensions Patents (Class 162/149)
  • Patent number: 10030335
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a filler aggregate composition comprising filler particles of ground calcium carbonate (GCC); a pretreatment agent selected from polyvinylamine (PVAM) and cationic polyacrylamide (CPAM), or a mixture thereof; and a nanofibrillar cellulose (NFC); wherein said filler aggregate composition is in the form of a slurry, wherein said pretreatment agent has an average molecular weight below 6000000 g/mol and a has a charge density below 7 meq/g, determined at pH 7, and the nanofibrillar cellulose is present in an amount of about 0.1-40% of the dry weight of the filler particles. Further it also relates to its method of production, and its use in stocks, paper and paper board.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 17, 2014
    Date of Patent: July 24, 2018
    Assignee: KEMIRA OYJ
    Inventors: Matti Hietaniemi, Mikko Virtanen
  • Patent number: 9962982
    Abstract: A graphics medium may have an ink receiving layer with at least fifty percent hydrogel by weight and an opacity control layer with a polymer embedded with at least one filler material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 27, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 8, 2018
    Assignee: Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P.
    Inventors: Xulong Fu, Christine E. Steichen, Lokendra Pal
  • Patent number: 9011641
    Abstract: Fibrous structures that exhibit a Free Fiber End Count greater than the Free Fiber End Count of known fibrous structures in the range of free fiber end lengths of from about 0.10 mm to about 0.75 mm as determined by the Free Fiber End Test Method, and sanitary tissue products comprising same and methods for making same are provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 30, 2013
    Date of Patent: April 21, 2015
    Assignee: The Procter & Gamble Company
    Inventors: Khosrow Parviz Mohammadi, John Allen Manifold, James Edmond Haas
  • Patent number: 9005395
    Abstract: The present disclosure is generally directed to a dispersible moist wipe comprising hydroentangled fibers and a binder composition. The moist wipe demonstrates high initial wet strength while maintaining effective dispersion in an aqueous environment. The moist wipe has potential application as a flushable surface cleaning product and/or a flushable cleansing cloth.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 31, 2014
    Date of Patent: April 14, 2015
    Assignee: Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.
    Inventors: Kenneth John Zwick, Nathan John Vogel, WanDuk Lee, Joseph Kenneth Baker, Colin Ackroyd
  • Patent number: 8980055
    Abstract: A disposable cellulosic wiper includes (a) a percentage by weight of pulp-derived papermaking fibers, and (b) a percentage by weight of fibrillated regenerated independent cellulosic microfibers having a characteristic Canadian Standard Freeness (CSF) value of less than 175 ml and having a weight average diameter of less than 2 microns. The microfibers are further characterized in that 40% by weight thereof is finer than 14 mesh.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 30, 2014
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2015
    Assignee: Georgia-Pacific Consumer Products LP
    Inventors: Daniel W. Sumnicht, Joseph H. Miller
  • Patent number: 8980011
    Abstract: A method of cleaning residue from a surface includes providing a disposable cellulosic wiper including a percentage by weight of pulp-derived papermaking fibers. The pulp-derived papermaking fibers have a characteristic scattering coefficient of less than 50 m2/kg. The wiper also includes a percentage by weight of fibrillated regenerated independent cellulosic microfibers having a number average diameter of less than about 2 microns, and a characteristic Canadian Standard Freeness (CSF) value of less than 175 ml. The microfibers are selected and present in amounts such that the wiper exhibits a scattering coefficient of greater than 50 m2/kg. The wiper is applied, with a predetermined amount of pressure, to a residue-bearing surface, and the surface is wiped, while applying the predetermined amount of pressure, to remove residue from the surface, such that the surface has less than 1 g/m2 of residue after being wiped under the predetermined amount of pressure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 30, 2014
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2015
    Assignee: Georgia-Pacific Consumer Products LP
    Inventors: Daniel W. Sumnicht, Joseph H. Miller
  • Patent number: 8936878
    Abstract: An insulating (nonconductive) microporous polymeric battery separator comprised of a single layer of enmeshed microfibers and nanofibers is provided. Such a separator accords the ability to attune the porosity and pore size to any desired level through a single nonwoven fabric. Through a proper selection of materials as well as production processes, the resultant battery separator exhibits isotropic strengths, low shrinkage, high wettability levels, and pore sizes related directly to layer thickness. The overall production method is highly efficient and yields a combination of polymeric nanofibers within a polymeric microfiber matrix and/or onto such a substrate through high shear processing that is cost effective as well. The separator, a battery including such a separator, the method of manufacturing such a separator, and the method of utilizing such a separator within a battery device, are all encompassed within this invention.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 20, 2012
    Date of Patent: January 20, 2015
    Assignee: Dreamweaver International, Inc.
    Inventor: Brian G. Morin
  • Patent number: 8926793
    Abstract: The purpose of the present invention is to provide technology for regenerating pulp having high quality with compact pulp regenerating equipment and less energy. In the pulp regenerating method of the present invention, pulp slurry containing 1.5 wt % or more of a solid component including waste paper pulp is separated into a long fiber fraction and a short fiber fraction by using an outward type slit screen including an opening portion having a slit width in the range of 0.1 mm to 0.3 mm. The solid component ratio of the long fiber fraction and the short fiber fraction is in the range from 10:90 to 60:40, and the difference in Canadian Standard Freeness of the long fiber fraction and the short fiber fraction is in the range of 100 ml to 300 ml.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 24, 2012
    Date of Patent: January 6, 2015
    Assignees: Nippon Paper Industries Co., Ltd., Aikawa Iron Works Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Shisei Goto, Takaharu Noda, Hiroki Ohtake, Tatsumi Hosaka
  • Publication number: 20140352903
    Abstract: A cellulosic composition comprising fibres having a length weighted average fibre length (“LWAFL”) of 0.25 to 0.40 mm.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 26, 2011
    Publication date: December 4, 2014
    Applicant: ZEO IP PTY LTD
    Inventor: Martin Charles Ernegg
  • Patent number: 8894813
    Abstract: In general, the present disclosure is directed to creped tissue webs, and products produced therefrom. The creped webs and products are strong, soft, and have improved strike-through and absorbency properties. The improvement in both strike-through and absorbency is achieved in-part by increasing the basis weight of the web, while at the same time reducing the creping composition add-on levels.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 17, 2012
    Date of Patent: November 25, 2014
    Assignee: Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.
    Inventors: Kenneth John Zwick, Peter Lee Carson, Gary Lee Shanklin, Michael William Smaby, Michael John Rekoske, Thomas Joseph Dyer, Mike Thomas Goulet
  • Patent number: 8864944
    Abstract: A method of making a multi-ply wiper/towel product with cellulosic microfibers. The method includes compactively dewatering a nascent web that includes at least about 10% fibrillated cellulosic microfibers and has an apparently random distribution of fibers. The dewatered web having the apparently random distribution of fibers is applied to a transfer surface. The web is belt-creped from the transfer surface utilizing a creping belt. The belt-creping step occurs under pressure in a belt creping nip defined between the transfer surface and the creping belt. The web is dried to form a dried web having a plurality of fiber-enriched hollow domed regions protruding from an upper side of the dried web. The hollow domed regions have a sidewall of a relatively high local basis weight formed along at least a leading edge thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 16, 2013
    Date of Patent: October 21, 2014
    Assignee: Georgia-Pacific Consumer Products LP
    Inventors: Joseph H. Miller, Daniel W. Sumnicht, Ayanna M. Bernard, Sanjay Wahal
  • Patent number: 8865277
    Abstract: In one example, an inkjet media includes a substrate layer with cellulose fibers, synthetic fibers, and a polymeric binder. A barrier layer is disposed on at least one side of the substrate layer, the barrier layer including pigment fillers and at least 30 percent by weight of a polymer resin.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 29, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 21, 2014
    Assignee: Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P.
    Inventors: Xiaoqi Zhou, Xulong Fu, David Edmondson
  • Patent number: 8864945
    Abstract: A method of making a multi-ply wiper/towel product with cellulosic microfibers. The method includes compactively dewatering a nascent web that includes at least about 10% fibrillated cellulosic microfibers and has an apparently random distribution of fibers. The dewatered web having the apparently random distribution of fibers is applied to a transfer surface. The web is belt-creped from the transfer surface utilizing a generally planar polymeric creping belt provided with a plurality of perforations through the belt. The belt-creping step occurs under pressure in a belt creping nip defined between the transfer surface and the creping belt. The web is dried to form a dried web that includes a plurality of fiber-enriched hollow domed regions protruding from an upper side of the dried web. The hollow domed regions have a sidewall of a relatively high local basis weight formed along at least a leading edge thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 16, 2013
    Date of Patent: October 21, 2014
    Assignee: Georgia-Pacific Consumer Products LP
    Inventors: Joseph H. Miller, Daniel W. Sumnicht, Ayanna M. Bernard, Sanjay Wahal
  • Patent number: 8784610
    Abstract: A method is provided for making paper and paper products from post-industrial packaging materials. The post-industrial packaging materials may include used bulk packaging transportation bags that are made at least partially from sisal and/or jute, such as coffee bean bags or used cocoa bean bags for transporting bulk quantities of coffee beans or cocoa beans, or other materials that have sisal and/or jute constituents. The post-industrial packaging materials may be used to make a mixed fiber stock that includes the post-industrial packaging materials and the post consumer fiber stock and/or other wood-based fiber stock that is a combined with the post-industrial packaging stock prior to the mixed fiber stock being run through a paper machine to make paper and paper products that may be used back in the industry that created the waste.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 27, 2011
    Date of Patent: July 22, 2014
    Assignee: George A. Whiting Paper Company
    Inventor: Thomas A. Danz
  • Patent number: 8778086
    Abstract: A method of cleaning residue from a surface using a disposable cellulosic wiper that includes from about 25% or more by weight of pulp-derived papermaking fibers. The pulp-derived papermaking fibers have a characteristic scattering coefficient of less than 50 m2/kg. The wiper also has from about 25% to about 75% by weight of fibrillated regenerated independent cellulosic microfibers. The fibers are finer than 14 mesh, have a characteristic Canadian Standard Freeness (CSF) value of less than 175 ml, have a number average diameter of less than about 2 microns, and are present in amounts such that the wiper exhibits a scattering coefficient of greater than 50 m2/kg. The wiper is applied, with a predetermined amount of pressure, to a residue-bearing surface. The surface is wiped with the applied wiper to remove residue from the surface, such that the surface has less than 1 g/m2 of residue after being wiped.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 27, 2012
    Date of Patent: July 15, 2014
    Assignee: Georgia-Pacific Consumer Products LP
    Inventors: Daniel W. Sumnicht, Joseph H. Miller
  • Patent number: 8771467
    Abstract: A carrier-tape base paper making method and the base paper made thereby fall into the technical field of papermaking. According to performance requirements, the base paper is made through pulp conditioning and papermaking, in which different pulping and auxiliary materials for surface, intermediate and bottom layers are added. The method includes such steps as beating, conditioning, papermaking, calendering and reeling. The carrier-tape base paper features high strength, perfect waterproof and bonding performance, limited physical damages to electronic elements and satisfactory resilience.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 12, 2012
    Date of Patent: July 8, 2014
    Assignee: Zhejiang Jiemei Electronic & Technology Co., Ltd
    Inventor: Junyun Fang
  • Patent number: 8741104
    Abstract: Fibrous cellulosic products incorporating both conventional cellulosic fibers and laterally expanded cellulose fibers exhibit exceptional porosity, bulk, absorbency and resiliency properties. Typical products include absorbent tissue products, absorbent fluff products and flat papers. The laterally expanded cellulose fibers exhibit: (i) a broadened X-Ray diffraction peak for the most prominent reflection having a width at half-height, (W1/2h)A, of at least about 3.0° 2?, (ii) broad overlapping maxima in their Raman spectrum between 285 and 500 cm?1, the height of the two tallest of said maxima in said spectrum between 285 and 500 cm?1 being between 35 and 50% of the height of the peak near 1098 cm?1 and (iii) a blue stain when treated with Graff C-stain, the stain exhibiting less red than the stains exhibited with bleached hardwood kraft fibers and bleached softwood kraft fibers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 27, 2012
    Date of Patent: June 3, 2014
    Inventors: Steven L. Edwards, Rajai H. Atalla
  • Publication number: 20140141336
    Abstract: An insulating (nonconductive) microporous polymeric battery separator comprised of a single layer of enmeshed microfibers and nanofibers is provided. Such a separator accords the ability to attune the porosity and pore size to any desired level through a single nonwoven fabric. Through a proper selection of materials as well as production processes, the resultant battery separator exhibits isotropic strengths, low shrinkage, high wettability levels, and pore sizes related directly to layer thickness. The overall production method is highly efficient and yields a combination of polymeric nanofibers within a polymeric microfiber matrix and/or onto such a substrate through high shear processing that is cost effective as well. The separator, a battery including such a separator, the method of manufacturing such a separator, and the method of utilizing such a separator within a battery device, are all encompassed within this invention.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 20, 2012
    Publication date: May 22, 2014
    Inventor: Brian G. Morin
  • Patent number: 8715464
    Abstract: This invention relates to annual crop straw and stalk fibers having properties suitable for use in paper, paperboard, and related products disposable paper plates, cups, and bowls, molded and thermoformed pulp products, disposable food handling containers, tissue and toweling, and absorbent products such as airlaid roll goods, wipes, diapers and feminine hygiene articles. Annual crop straw or stalk is the waste product from the harvesting of the food including soy, wheat, corn, rice, and oats. The food chain is not impacted by use of these stalks and straw. Currently, most of the straw or stalk is burned, tilled under for soil amendment, or otherwise disposed of. Use of this stalk or straw for paper, paperboard and related products, and absorbent products manufacture including any product made from cellulose fibers represents an opportunity to provide additional income to farmers and a green alternative to wood pulp and therefore conserve trees.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 21, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 6, 2014
    Assignee: Pure Pulp Products, Inc.
    Inventors: Richard Henry Young, Jason Heezen
  • Patent number: 8709555
    Abstract: A media for digital high speed inkjet web press printing has a CD residual tensile energy absorption index greater than 300 J/Kg. The media includes a paper base having a MD/CD tensile stiffness index ratio of less than 2.0 and a tensile energy absorption index of greater than 500 J/Kg. The paper base includes a mixture of fibers having a softwood fiber to hardwood fiber ratio within a range of 3 to 7 to 7 to 1, an internal starch having a cationic starch to fiber ratio greater than 1.0%, and a filler within a range of about 1.0% to about 12.0% of paper base weight. The media further includes an image receiving coating on a side of the paper base.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 28, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 29, 2014
    Assignee: Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P.
    Inventors: Lokendra Pal, Jason Swei, Glenn T. Gentile, Sandeep K. Bangaru
  • Patent number: 8668808
    Abstract: A flushable moist wipe or hygiene tissue including a hydraulically entangled nonwoven material impregnated with a wetting composition. The nonwoven material contains at least 70%, by fiber weight, pulp fibers and the rest manmade fibers and/or natural fibers with a length of at least 6 mm. The moist wipe or hygiene tissue has a length in the machine direction which exceeds the width in the cross-machine direction with at least 25%. The moist wipe or hygiene tissue has a wet strength in machine direction which is at least 3 times higher than the wet strength in cross-machine direction, wherein the wet strength in cross-machine direction is between 50 and 200 N/m.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 16, 2009
    Date of Patent: March 11, 2014
    Assignee: SCA Hygiene Products AB
    Inventor: Mikael Strandqvist
  • Patent number: 8662316
    Abstract: A filter medium for liquid filtration of fine texture exhibiting high strength when wetted with water, which filter medium is comprised of a wet-laid nonwoven fabric. There is provided a filter medium for liquid filtration comprised of a wet-laid nonwoven fabric, characterized in that through blending of 0.5 to 40 wt. % of unbeaten natural fibers, it exhibits a very fine texture, a lowering ratio, calculated from bursting strength in ordinary state and bursting strength when wetted with water, of 30% or below, and a bursting strength, had when wetted with water, of 300 kPa or greater.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 21, 2004
    Date of Patent: March 4, 2014
    Assignee: Hokuetsu Paper Mills, Ltd.
    Inventors: Nobuyuki Sakadume, Eiko Meguro, Toshihiko Soyama
  • Publication number: 20140020856
    Abstract: The purpose of the present invention is to provide technology for regenerating pulp having high quality with compact pulp regenerating equipment and less energy. In the pulp regenerating method of the present invention, pulp slurry containing 1.5 wt % or more of a solid component including waste paper pulp is separated into a long fiber fraction and a short fiber fraction by using an outward type slit screen including an opening portion having a slit width in the range of 0.1 mm to 0.3 mm. The solid component ratio of the long fiber fraction and the short fiber fraction is in the range from 10:90 to 60:40, and the difference in Canadian Standard Freeness of the long fiber fraction and the short fiber fraction is in the range of 100 ml to 300 ml.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 24, 2012
    Publication date: January 23, 2014
    Applicants: AIKAWA IRON WORKS CO., LTD., NIPPON PAPER INDUSTRIES CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Shisei Goto, Takaharu Noda, Hiroki Ohtake, Tatsumi Hosaka
  • Patent number: 8632658
    Abstract: A multi-ply wiper/towel product includes at least one wet laid web having at least 10% fibrillated cellulosic microfiber, and at least about 40% wood pulp derived papermaking fibers. The at least one wet laid web has formed therein (i) a plurality of fiber-enriched hollow domed regions on the upper side of the at least one wet laid web having a relatively high local basis weight, (ii) connecting regions having a relatively lower local basis weight forming a network interconnecting the relatively high local basis weight domed regions of the one wet laid web, and (iii) transition areas with upwardly and inwardly inflected consolidated fibrous regions transitioning from the connecting regions into the domed regions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 5, 2013
    Date of Patent: January 21, 2014
    Assignee: Georgia-Pacific Consumer Products LP
    Inventors: Joseph H. Miller, Daniel W. Sumnicht, Ayanna M. Bernard, Sanjay Wahal
  • Patent number: 8608906
    Abstract: A method to prepare aqueous furnishes useful as feedstock in the manufacture of very high-mineral content products, particularly paper sheets having mineral filler content up to 90% that display the required physical properties for the intended applications; the furnishes comprise fibrillated long fibers/mineral fillers mixed with anionic acrylic binders and co-additives, in presence or absence of cellulose fibrils; the fibrillated long fibers and cellulose fibrils provide high surface area for greater filler fixation and the reinforcement backbone network that ties all of the product components together; the anionic binders allow rapid and strong fixation of filler particles onto the surfaces of fibrils when mixing is conducted at temperatures higher than the glass transition temperature (Tg) of the binder. The aqueous furnish provides excellent filler retention and drainage during product fabrication.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 29, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 17, 2013
    Assignee: FPInnovations
    Inventors: Makhlouf Laleg, Xujun Hua
  • Patent number: 8568563
    Abstract: Methods of making the burnthrough resistant non-woven mat include forming the mat from glass fibers and at least two binders, a first binder having a vinyl component and a second binder having a strengthening component. The vinyl component may be, for example, ethylene vinyl chloride, and the strengthening component may be, for example, melamine formaldehyde. In one method, the vinyl component is added to the glass fibers by a beater addition process and the strengthening component is sprayed onto the glass fibers. The burnthrough resistant non-woven mat may be used in conjunction with an insulation blanket, and may be especially suited to use in insulating aircraft.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 14, 2013
    Date of Patent: October 29, 2013
    Assignee: Jonhs Manville
    Inventor: Glenda Beth Bennett
  • Patent number: 8540846
    Abstract: A multi-ply wiper/towel product includes at least one wet laid web including at least 10% fibrillated cellulosic microfiber, and at least about 40% wood pulp derived papermaking fibers. The at least one wet laid web has formed therein (i) a plurality of fiber-enriched hollow domed regions on the upper side of the at least one wet laid web having a relatively high local basis weight, and (ii) connecting regions of a relatively lower local basis weight forming a network interconnecting the relatively high local basis weight domed regions of the one wet laid web. Transition areas are provided in the at least one wet laid web with upwardly and inwardly inflected consolidated fibrous regions transitioning from the connecting regions into the domed regions, and the at least one wet laid web exhibits a differential pore volume for pores under 5 microns in a diameter of at least about 75 mm3/g/micron.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 28, 2011
    Date of Patent: September 24, 2013
    Assignee: Georgia-Pacific Consumer Products LP
    Inventors: Joseph H. Miller, Daniel W. Sumnicht, Ayanna M. Bernard, Sanjay Wahal
  • Patent number: 8524041
    Abstract: Embodiments for methods and apparatuses for forming a nonwoven web are described herein. In one embodiment, an apparatus includes one or more sources configured to dispense a first fluid flow stream comprising a fiber and a second fluid flow stream also comprising a fiber. The apparatus also includes a mixing partition downstream from the one or more sources, where the mixing partition is positioned between the first and second flow streams from the one or more sources. The mixing partition defines one or more openings that permit fluid communication between the two flow streams. The apparatus also includes a receiving region situated downstream from the one or more sources and designed to receive at least a combined flow stream and form a nonwoven web by collecting fiber from the combined flow stream.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 20, 2012
    Date of Patent: September 3, 2013
    Assignee: Donaldson Company, Inc.
    Inventors: Hemant Gupta, Brad E. Kahlbaugh
  • Publication number: 20130199743
    Abstract: The present invention relates to pressed fiberboard articles made using a binderless wet process from a combination of fibers and particles. A mixture of particles (e.g., wood particles) and cellulosic fibers is formed into a panel using only water, heat and pressure. The present invention is further directed to fiberboard articles having uniform density cores or higher density cores.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 1, 2013
    Publication date: August 8, 2013
    Inventors: Christine M. Lee, John F. Hunt
  • Publication number: 20130186580
    Abstract: Hardwood pulp fiber-containing structures, more particularly to eucalyptus pulp fiber-containing fibrous structures that may exhibit improved fiber densification and/or improved softness compared to known hardwood pulp fiber-containing fibrous structures are provided.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 17, 2013
    Publication date: July 25, 2013
    Applicant: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY
    Inventor: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY
  • Patent number: 8449720
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method of making a paper or paper board, in which method cut pulp is prepared by cutting basic cellulosic fiber pulp at the consistency of at least 25% so that the average fiber length of the basic pulp is decreased by more than 25% and the SR number of the cut pulp is at most 20% higher than that of the basic pulp, and the cut pulp is used as a raw material in the preparation of a stock.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 17, 2010
    Date of Patent: May 28, 2013
    Assignee: Stora Enso Oyj
    Inventors: Kalle Ekman, Heini Eskola, Antti Korpela
  • Patent number: 8444813
    Abstract: A method for preparing aramid insulating paper, includes the operations of: providing aramid pulp slurry and aramid short fiber slurry at respective desired concentrations; blending, beating and fluffing the aramid pulp slurry and the aramid short fiber slurry in a given ratio to afford a paper pulp at a desired concentration; transiting the paper pulp to a papermaking machine fitted with a head box to form and make wet paper sheets; pressing to dewater the wet paper sheets and drying the dewatered paper sheets; and calendering the dried paper sheets at a high temperature to obtain the aramid insulating paper, wherein in operation iii), at least one ultrasonic generator is mounted on the head box to apply directional ultrasonic waves to the paper pulp flowing through the heat box. The aramid insulating paper prepared according to the method of the invention has enhanced strength, smoothness and uniformity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 5, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 21, 2013
    Inventor: Zhou Zhong
  • Patent number: 8394236
    Abstract: An absorbent sheet of cellulosic fibers includes a mixture of hardwood fibers and softwood fibers arranged in a reticulum having (i) a plurality of pileated fiber enriched regions of a relatively high local basis weight each extending a distance in the cross-machine direction (CD) of the sheet and interconnected by way of (ii) a plurality of lower local basis weight linking regions that each extend a distance in the machine direction (MD) of the sheet and whose fiber orientation is biased along the direction between pileated regions interconnected thereby. The relative basis weight, degree of pileation, hardwood to softwood ratio, fiber length distribution, fiber orientation, and geometry of the reticulum are controlled such that the sheet exhibits a percent CD stretch that is at least about 2.75 times the machine direction to cross-machine direction (MD/CD) dry tensile ratio of the sheet.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 22, 2012
    Date of Patent: March 12, 2013
    Assignee: Georgia-Pacific Consumer Products LP
    Inventors: Steven L. Edwards, Guy H. Super, Stephen J. McCullough, Ronald R. Reeb, Hung Liang Chou, Kang Chang Yeh, John H. Dwiggins, Frank D. Harper
  • Patent number: 8366880
    Abstract: Fibrous support intended to be impregnated, the fibers of which are formed 100% of cellulose fibers, characterized in that it presents, before creping or embossing, a wet traction strength of over 2.4 N/15 mm in the cross-machine direction, a water absorption capacity of at least 300% and contains less than 2% dry wet strength 10 agent in comparison with the dry weight of the fibers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 17, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 5, 2013
    Assignee: Ahlstrom Corporation
    Inventor: Francois Toubeau
  • Patent number: 8308901
    Abstract: The disclosure provides a process of modifying a seed based fiber (SBF) to form an enhanced fiber additive (EFA). The process includes an acid treatment step and optionally at least one fiber modification step. Preferred EFA products and uses are described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 13, 2010
    Date of Patent: November 13, 2012
    Assignee: Cargill, Incorporated
    Inventors: Kevin R. Anderson, David E. Garlie, Paula R. Krogmann, John T. McDonald, Jagannadh V. Satyavolu
  • Publication number: 20120267063
    Abstract: A structuring layer of a structuring belt for structuring a wet fibrous web in a press section of a tissue papermaking machine for manufacturing high bulk tissue paper, the structuring layer having a web-carrying side with a surface for cooperating with the fibrous web, the surface having depressions distributed over the web-carrying side and forming a three-dimensional structure of the surface. The depressions altogether constitute 20-80% of the surface. Each depression has a dimension l of 0.25-2.5 mm in a first direction in the plane of the top surface area, a dimension b of 0.25-2.0 mm in a second direction in the plane of the top surface area, such directions being at right angles to each other, a mean depth d of 0.05-0.6 mm, and an area a as measured in the plane of the top surface area of 0.063-5.0 mm2.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 9, 2012
    Publication date: October 25, 2012
    Applicant: Albany International Corp.
    Inventors: Ingvar Berndt Erik KLERELID, Ola Thomasson, Bo-Christer Aberg, Cary P. Johnson, John J. LaFond
  • Patent number: 8277610
    Abstract: A xerographic paper and method of forming includes mechanical fiber and a predetermined curl control defined by a split sheet contraction measurement. The split sheet contraction can be between about 0.8 and about 1.2 and between about 0.9 and about 1.1. Split sheet contraction is defined by a relationship of paper shrinkage in a cross-direction to paper shrinkage in a machine-direction and between the two sides of the sheet when split in the Z-direction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 10, 2007
    Date of Patent: October 2, 2012
    Assignee: Xerox Corporation
    Inventor: Bruce Irwin Katz
  • Publication number: 20120132381
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for manufacturing nanostructured paper or board and a novel paper or board. The method comprises providing a liquid suspension of nanocellulose-containing material, forming a web from the suspension and drying the web in order to form paper or board. According to the invention, the water content of the suspension at the time of beginning of the drying is 50% or less by weight of liquids so as to form a paper or board having an average pore size between 200 and 400 nm. By means of the invention, very opaque paper, for example for printing applications, can be manufactured with low energy consumption.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 7, 2010
    Publication date: May 31, 2012
    Applicants: STORA ENSO OYJ, UPM-KYMMENE CORPORATION
    Inventors: Hans-Peter Hentze, Jenni Sievanen, John Kettle, Artem Kulachenko, Antti Korpela, Jukka Ketoja, Erkki Hellen, Tuomo Hjelt, Jaakko Hiltunen, Eila Turunen, Asko Sneck
  • Patent number: 8187422
    Abstract: A high efficiency disposable cellulosic wiper includes (a) pulp-derived papermaking fiber; (b) up to 75% by weight regenerated cellulosic microfiber having a characteristic CSF value of less than 175 ml, the microfiber being selected and present in amounts such that the wiper exhibits a Laplace pore volume fraction at pore sizes less than 15 microns of at least 1.5 times that of a like wiper prepared without regenerated cellulose microfiber. The wipers of the invention exhibit remarkable residue removal efficiency.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 17, 2008
    Date of Patent: May 29, 2012
    Assignee: Georgia-Pacific Consumer Products LP
    Inventors: Daniel W. Sumnicht, Joseph H. Miller
  • Publication number: 20120111519
    Abstract: Fibrous support intended to be impregnated, the fibers of which are formed 100% of cellulose fibers, characterized in that it presents, before creping or embossing, a wet traction strength of over 2.4 N/15 mm in the cross-machine direction, a water absorption capacity of at least 300% and contains less than 2% dry wet strength 10 agent in comparison with the dry weight of the fibers.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 17, 2012
    Publication date: May 10, 2012
    Applicant: AHLSTROM CORPORATION
    Inventors: François TOUBEAU, Régis DUMONT ROTY
  • Patent number: 8097123
    Abstract: Fibrous support intended to be impregnated, the fibers of which are formed 100% of cellulose fibers, characterized in that it presents, before creping or embossing, a wet traction strength of over 2.4 N/15 mm in the cross-machine direction, a water absorption capacity of at least 300% and contains less than 2% dry wet strength 10 agent in comparison with the dry weight of the fibers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 11, 2006
    Date of Patent: January 17, 2012
    Inventors: François Toubeau, Régis Dumont Roty
  • Patent number: 8080130
    Abstract: Kitchen roll toweling having surprising softness, absorbency and bulk is formed from a furnish comprising long cellulosic fiber having: (i) average weight-weighted fiber length of at least 2.5 mm; coarseness at least 15.5 mg/100 mm; and a Canadian Standard freeness of at least 600 ml combined with (ii) short cellulosic fiber having an average weight-weighted fiber length of at most 1.9 mm having a Canadian Standard freeness of at least 500 ml in a weight ratio of short fiber to long fiber of at least 0.25 to 1.0 to form a nascent web having a consistency in the range from about 10% to about 35% which is rush transferred from one fabric to another at a speed differential of at least about 15%; and creping the web from a Yankee dryer while controlling the real crepe to at most 3% and thereafter converting the web to form a two ply product having a basis weight of at least 29 lb/rm and caliper of at least 220 mils/8 sheets.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 22, 2009
    Date of Patent: December 20, 2011
    Assignee: Georgia-Pacific Consumer Products LP
    Inventors: Frank D. Harper, Mark L. Robinson, Hung Liang Chou, Steven R. Olson, Martin A. Hynnek, Gary L. Worry
  • Publication number: 20110277947
    Abstract: Cellulose nanofilaments from cellulose fibers, a method and a device to produce them are disclosed. The nanofilaments are fine filaments with widths in the sub-micron range and lengths up to a couple of millimeters. These nanofilaments are made from natural fibers from wood and other plants. The surface of the nanofilaments can be modified to carry anionic, cationic, polar, hydrophobic or other functional groups. Addition of these nanofilaments to papermaking furnishes substantially improves the wet-web strength and dry sheet strength much better than existing natural and synthetic polymers. The cellulose nanofilaments produced by the present invention are excellent additives for reinforcement of paper and paperboard products and composite materials, and can be used to produce superabsorbent materials.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 11, 2011
    Publication date: November 17, 2011
    Applicant: FPINNOVATIONS
    Inventors: Xujun HUA, Makhlouf LALEG, Thomas OWSTON
  • Patent number: 8048266
    Abstract: A method of manufacturing a multilayer fibrous product. The product comprises at least two overlapping layers, each of which has a different fiber composition, and in the production of the product, chemical short stock is used at least partly. In the method, short stock is brought to a screening stage where fines, which pass a screen having an average hole size of 0.2-1.5 mm, are separated from it, in order to prepare at least two fiber fractions having different fiber compositions, and the fractions generated are recovered and included in different layers of the same fibrous product. With the invention, it is possible to screen an initial material and form a product which has better properties than a corresponding product, the initial material pulp of which has only been refined.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 11, 2007
    Date of Patent: November 1, 2011
    Assignee: M-real Oyj
    Inventors: Seppo Katajamäki, Esa Hassinen, Tom Nickull
  • Publication number: 20110247772
    Abstract: Fibrous materials made from multiple populations of fibers, and compositions related to preparing such, are disclosed. In some instances, fiber populations can have different native surfaces, in which at least one of the populations can be surface modified, for example by the use of a polycation (e.g., a polyamine), secondary polymers, complementary polymers, and/or other agents. These populations can be combined to form a fibrous composition, where the surface treatments can enhance properties of the end product. Populations of fibers can also have other physically varying characteristics (e.g., shapes and sizes). Such compositions can be utilized in a variety of applications such as paper products, filters, fire-retardant fibrous products, protein adsorbing fibrous materials, and fibrous sheets having conducting properties. Methods of preparing portions or the entirety of such fibrous materials are also disclosed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 22, 2011
    Publication date: October 13, 2011
    Inventors: Patrick D. Kincaid, Michael C. Berg, David S. Soane, Gangadhar Jogikalmath
  • Patent number: 8029645
    Abstract: Soft and strong fibrous structures and more particularly soft and strong fibrous structures that contains less softwood fibers than known fibrous structures and methods for making such soft and strong fibrous structures are provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 10, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 4, 2011
    Assignee: The Procter & Gamble Company
    Inventor: Khosrow Parviz Mohammadi
  • Publication number: 20110186252
    Abstract: In an engineered composite product containing cellulose fibres, cellulosic fibrillar fines and pigment, the main component of the composite product is pigment with a percentage of 40-80% by weight, the percentage of cellulosic fibrillar fines is 15-40% by weight, and the percentage of cellulose fibres is 5-30% by weight. Method of making the engineered composite product comprises the steps of combining said components in an aqueous solution and preparing the composite product by de-watering the aqueous solution. The components are combined in the aqueous solution in such proportion that the percentage of pigment in the final composite product is 40-80% by weight, the percentage of cellulosic fibrillar fines is 15-40% by weight, and the percentage of cellulose fibres is 5-30% by weight.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 3, 2009
    Publication date: August 4, 2011
    Applicant: UPM-KYMMENE CORPORATION
    Inventors: Ramjee Subramanian, Hannu Paulapuro
  • Patent number: 7906218
    Abstract: An image supporting medium includes a raw base paper, and a film forming resin disposed on at least one side of the raw base paper, wherein the raw base paper is formed of fibers from between 0.5 and 3.0 mm in weighted average length. Additionally, the image supporting medium includes from between 1 and 40% filler by weight.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 30, 2004
    Date of Patent: March 15, 2011
    Assignee: Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P.
    Inventors: Christine E. Steichen, Chang S. Park, Xulong Fu, Emilio Adan, Ronald J. Selensky
  • Patent number: 7897011
    Abstract: The invention relates to a high quality paperboard comprising at least two plies, a first ply having good surface properties and strength, and a second ply for providing the paperboard with bulk wherein the second ply comprises hardwood CTMP. This paperboard has an internal strength and a bending resistance that is comparable with conventional high quality paperboard based on softwood CTMP. The invention also relates to products manufactured of the paperboard.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 9, 2006
    Date of Patent: March 1, 2011
    Assignee: Stora Enso AB
    Inventors: Frank Peng, Isto Heiskanen, Mika Riikonen
  • Patent number: 7828931
    Abstract: An absorbent sheet of cellulosic fibers includes a mixture of hardwood fibers and softwood fibers arranged in a reticulum having: (i) a plurality of pileated fiber enriched regions of relatively high local basis weight interconnected by way of (ii) a plurality of lower local basis weight-linking regions whose fiber orientation is biased along the machine direction between pileated regions interconnected thereby, wherein the sheet exhibits a % CD stretch which is at least about 2.75 times the dry tensile ratio of the sheet. Tensile ratios of from about 0.4 to about 4 are readily achieved.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 14, 2009
    Date of Patent: November 9, 2010
    Assignee: Georgia-Pacific Consumer Products LP
    Inventors: Steven L. Edwards, Stephen J. McCullough