Including Means To Move Heat Exchange Material Patents (Class 165/104.18)
  • Patent number: 10449478
    Abstract: A method for removal of a foulant from a carrier gas is disclosed. A solids conveyance device that spans a vessel and a solids coolant system are provided. A cold solid foulant is provided to the solid inlet of the vessel. The carrier gas containing the foulant is provided to the carrier gas inlet of the vessel. The foulant condenses or desublimates onto the recycled solid foulant, forming a foulant-depleted carrier gas and a solid foulant product. The solids conveyance device passes the solid foulant product out of the vessel. The foulant-depleted carrier gas leaves the vessel. The solid foulant product is split into a final solid foulant product and a recycled solid foulant. The recycled solid foulant is cooled through the coolant system to produce the cold solid foulant. In this manner, the foulant is removed from the carrier gas.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 29, 2017
    Date of Patent: October 22, 2019
    Assignee: Hall Labs LLC
    Inventors: Larry Baxter, Kyler Stitt, Christopher Hoeger, Aaron Sayre, Eric Mansfield, Nathan Davis
  • Patent number: 9732986
    Abstract: There is disclosed a receiver panel. In an embodiment, the panel is configured to receive a curtain of particles in a solar central receiver system. A porous structure of the panel has a top end and a bottom end. The porous structure is disposed between the top end and the bottom end. The porous structure has a size to impede movement of the particles during downward travel from the top end to the bottom end. There is disclosed a solar central receiver system. In an embodiment, the receiver system includes a plurality of receiver panels, a tower supporting the plurality of receiver panels in a configuration to receive solar irradiation, and a hopper forming a slot configured to dispose the particles at a given location on to the porous structure. Other embodiments are also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 21, 2012
    Date of Patent: August 15, 2017
    Assignee: King Saud University
    Inventors: Hany Al-Ansary, Abdelrahman El-Leathy, Zeyad Al-Suhaibani, Saeed Al-Zahrani, Sheldon Jeter, Said Abdel-Khalik, Dennis Sadowski, Matthew Golob
  • Patent number: 9488372
    Abstract: The present device is a fluid bed regenerative thermal oxidizer configured to minimize dead spaces within it and eliminate the need for complex valve systems, which are typically required to move treated and untreated air across fixed beds. The present device can be a fluid bed regenerative thermal oxidizer comprising a vertical stack having a combustion chamber near its interior center and desorber shelves located within the vertical stack above the combustion chamber and adsorber shelves located within the vertical stack below the combustion shelves. Ceramic spheres can be used as heat sinks that flow from the desorber shelves, around the combustion chamber and onto the adsorber shelves and then back to the desorber shelves. In this way heat from the combustion can be captured by the heat exchange material on the desorber shelves and released to preheat untreated air on the adsorber shelves.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 15, 2013
    Date of Patent: November 8, 2016
    Inventors: James L Nester, Rick Reimlinger
  • Publication number: 20150021007
    Abstract: A fluid cooler, fluid cooler core and method of condensing gas is disclosed. The fluid cooler includes a container for a liquid transfer medium. The container includes first and second hot fluid inlets, first and second cooled liquid outlets, a cooling liquid inlet, and a cooling liquid outlet. A first conduit extends within the container and fluidly couples the first hot fluid inlet to the first cooled liquid outlet. A second conduit extends within the container and fluidly couples the second hot fluid inlet to the second cooled liquid outlet. A third conduit extends within the container and fluidly couples the cooling liquid inlet to the cooling liquid outlet. The first, second, and third conduits are positioned to be at least partially submerged in the liquid transfer medium when the container contains the liquid transfer medium.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 24, 2014
    Publication date: January 22, 2015
    Applicant: SCICAN LTD.
    Inventors: David Snaith, Andy Kwan-Leung Sun
  • Patent number: 8859882
    Abstract: A heat rejection system includes a plurality of panel subassemblies and a solid state heat pipe flex joint. Each panel subassembly includes a fin, a solid state heat pipe manifold, a first solid state heat pipe tube operatively connected to the solid state heat pipe manifold and secured to the fin, a second solid state heat pipe tube operatively connected to the solid state heat pipe manifold adjacent to the first solid state heat pipe and secured to the fin. The solid state heat pipe flex joint operably connects the solid state heat pipe manifolds of two of the plurality of panel subassemblies in a hermetically sealed configuration, and is configured to permit repositioning of the two panel subassemblies relative to each other.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 30, 2008
    Date of Patent: October 14, 2014
    Assignee: Aerojet Rocketdyne of DE, Inc.
    Inventors: Cheng-Yi Lu, James A. McClanahan, Joseph P. Carroll, William Determan, Patrick E. Frye, Charles Thomas Kudija, Rick L. Howerton, Kenneth John Metcalf, Andrew J. Zillmer
  • Publication number: 20130284120
    Abstract: A circulating fluidized bed boiler including a furnace for combusting solid carbonaceous fuel in a fast fluidized bed, the furnace having walls made of water/steam tube panels and used for evaporating water fed therein. A solids separator arranged adjacent to a sidewall of the furnace separates solids entrained with exhaust gas discharged via an outlet channel from an upper portion of the furnace. A gas seal conveys at least a portion of the separated solids to a first fluidized bed heat exchange changer arranged downstream of the gas seal and has internal heat exchange surfaces. A first lift channel has a lower end connected to a bottom portion of the first fluidized bed heat exchanger chamber and an upper end connected to an upper end of a first return channel for discharging solids from the first fluidized bed heat exchange chamber and for taking the cooled solids to a lower portion of the furnace.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 22, 2012
    Publication date: October 31, 2013
    Inventors: Kari Kauppinen, Pertti Kinnunen
  • Publication number: 20130284119
    Abstract: A circulating fluidized bed boiler is disclosed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 27, 2011
    Publication date: October 31, 2013
    Applicant: Institute of Engineering Thermophysics, Chinese Academy of Science
    Inventors: Qinggang Lv, Yunkai Sun, Guoliang Song, Dongyu Wang, Shaolin Bao, Ming Gao, Shiyuan Li
  • Publication number: 20130255667
    Abstract: A fluidized-bed concentrating solar power plant comprises a particle receiver configured to contain solid state particles, wherein the particle receiver heats the solid state particles by transferring thermal energy from sunlight to the solid state particles. The plant also comprises a first silo configured to receive and store heated solid state particles from the particle receiver; a heat exchanger configured to receive the heated solid state particles from the first silo and generate a fluidized mixture comprising the heated solid state particles suspended in a gas; and a second silo configured to feed cooled solid state particles to the particle receiver, the cooled solid state particle extracted from the fluidized mixture. The first silo and the second silo each comprise a foundation comprising a base supported by a plurality of micropile units. Each micropile unit comprises a plurality of micropile columns coupled to a support block which supports the base.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 2, 2013
    Publication date: October 3, 2013
    Applicant: COLORADO SCHOOL OF MINES
    Inventors: Zhiwen MA, Ruichong ZHANG
  • Publication number: 20130257056
    Abstract: Embodiments described herein relate to a method of producing energy from concentrated solar flux. The method includes dropping granular solid particles through a solar flux receiver configured to transfer energy from concentrated solar flux incident on the solar flux receiver to the granular solid particles as heat. The method also includes fluidizing the granular solid particles from the solar flux receiver to produce a gas-solid fluid. The gas-solid fluid is passed through a heat exchanger to transfer heat from the solid particles in the gas-solid fluid to a working fluid. The granular solid particles are extracted from the gas-solid fluid such that the granular solid particles can be dropped through the solar flux receiver again.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 2, 2013
    Publication date: October 3, 2013
    Applicant: ALLIANCE FOR STAINBLE ENERGY, LLC
    Inventor: Zhiwen MA
  • Patent number: 8502118
    Abstract: An energy-saving and heat preservation device is mainly a heat preservation device for heating device and receptacle. Upper and lower receiving slots opened to outside and opposite to upper and lower ends of a receptacle respectively are provided in the heating device, while a first and a second chambers opposite to each other are provided in the heat preservation device. Energy storage material, which is a reversible phase-change material, is received within the first chamber. A conduit is connected between the first and the second chambers to form an integral connection arrangement. Hence, waste heat generated in the heating process is collected and stored, and is used for heat preservation. Not only the exhausted waste heat, which later becomes heat load of air conditioning apparatus, can be reduced but also power consumption for heat preservation can be lowered.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 18, 2011
    Date of Patent: August 6, 2013
    Assignee: Southern Taiwan University of Technology
    Inventors: Yu-Chu M. Li, Yan-Hong A. Chan, Cheng-Hao Huang, Sing-Jie Yan
  • Patent number: 8251518
    Abstract: A projector includes at least one light source module, an optical system, an imaging unit, and a projection lens. Each light source module includes a lamp unit and a heat-dissipating module in close contacting with the lamp unit. Each of the at least one light source module is positioned at one end of the optical system. The imaging unit is positioned at the other end of the optical system. The projection lens is positioned at the same end of the optical system with the imaging unit. Each lamp unit can be adjusted along a first direction relative to the heat-dissipating module, each light source module can be adjusted along a second direction relative to the optical system, the first direction and the second direction both perpendicular to the light emitting direction of the corresponding lamp unit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 24, 2009
    Date of Patent: August 28, 2012
    Assignee: Hon Hai Precision Industry Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Yun-Liang Chu, Ming-Chang Lin
  • Patent number: 8205337
    Abstract: The present invention is a method for fabricating a thermal spreader. The method may include laminating a plurality of layer portions together to fabricate a mechanically flexible substrate. The method may further include providing an internal channel within the mechanically flexible substrate, the internal channel configured for containing an electrically-conductive liquid, the internal channel being further configured to allow for closed-loop flow of the electrically-conductive liquid within the internal channel. The method may further include integrating a pump with the mechanically flexible substrate. The method may further include fabricating a plurality of rigid metal inserts. The method may further include forming a plurality of extension portions on a surface of each rigid metal insert included in the plurality of rigid metal inserts. The method may further include connecting the plurality of rigid metal inserts to the mechanically flexible substrate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 12, 2008
    Date of Patent: June 26, 2012
    Assignee: Rockwell Collins, Inc.
    Inventors: Nathan P. Lower, Ross K. Wilcoxon, James R. Wooldridge, David W. Dlouhy
  • Publication number: 20120111535
    Abstract: Disclosed herein is an orifice plate comprising one or more plates having orifices disposed therein; the orifices being operative to permit the flow of solids from a moving bed heat exchanger to a solids flow control system; where the orifice plate is downstream of a tube bundle of the moving bed heat exchanger and upstream of the solids flow control system and wherein the orifice plate is operative to evenly distribute the flow of solids in the solids flow control system.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 27, 2011
    Publication date: May 10, 2012
    Applicant: ALSTOM TECHNOLOGY LTD.
    Inventors: Glen D. Jukkola, Bard C. Teigen
  • Patent number: 8088520
    Abstract: The power supply apparatus includes a power supply unit, a piezoelectric element for transferring heat of the power supply unit to a floor panel, and an element power supply control circuit for controlling application of a voltage to the piezoelectric element. The piezoelectric element is placed between the power supply unit and the floor panel and is switched between a contact state in which the piezoelectric element is in contact with the power supply unit and the floor panel and a non-contact state in which the piezoelectric element is not in contact with the power supply unit and/or the floor panel in accordance with the application of a voltage.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 8, 2007
    Date of Patent: January 3, 2012
    Assignee: Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventor: Izumi Takahashi
  • Patent number: 7849597
    Abstract: A method (100) and an apparatus for manufacturing a heat-dissipation device (10) with a vacuum chamber and a working fluid therein are disclosed. The method includes the following steps: vacuuming a hollow metal casing (12) through a first open end (121) thereof until an interior of the casing reaches a predetermined vacuum degree; sealing the first open end; filling a predetermined quantity of working fluid into the casing through a second open end (123) thereof; and sealing the second open end. The apparatus includes a vacuum pump, a liquid-storage tank and a set of processing device, as used respectively for the above vacuuming, liquid-filling and sealing steps. By this apparatus, the heat-dissipation device can be manufactured at a same place without the requirement to shift the casing from one place to another place during the manufacture of the heat-dissipation device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 20, 2006
    Date of Patent: December 14, 2010
    Assignee: Foxconn Technology Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Tay-Jian Liu, Chao-Nien Tung, Cheng-Chi Lee, Chuen-Shu Hou
  • Patent number: 7765813
    Abstract: The present invention is an apparatus and process for cooling and de-steaming hot calcined stucco used in the production of gypsum boards or bagged plaster. The apparatus is a fluid bed stucco cooler and comprises a cooler housing having a plenum having a stucco inlet and stucco outlet. The stucco cooler includes a rotating disk in the plenum. The rotating disk includes nozzle for spraying fluid, and is attached to a rotable shaft extending from the side of the cooler also includes a fluidization pad and agitator to help to mix the air and the stucco powder to insure fluidization, prevent channeling, and prevent the stucco powder from building up on the various components. The air also forces steam from the hot calcined stucco out through an air outlet located at the top of the stucco cooler, thereby de-steaming the stucco. The stucco flows through the plenum and passes over the cooling coils, thereby cooling the stucco as it reaches the stucco outlet.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 15, 2004
    Date of Patent: August 3, 2010
    Assignee: United States Gypsum Company
    Inventors: Michael L. Bolind, Christopher R. Nelson, Bruce L. Petersen, Michael J. Porter
  • Publication number: 20100028224
    Abstract: A process of converting oxygenates to light olefins is disclosed including an oxygenate feedstream with contacting catalyst inside a reactor and converting the oxygenate feedstream to said light olefins. The catalyst becomes spent as deposits from the reaction clog up pores on the catalyst surface. A portion of the spent catalyst is regenerated in a regenerator and a portion is circulated back to contact more of the oxygenate feedstream. A catalyst cooler attached to the reactor can cool the spent catalyst circulated through the cooler before the spent catalyst contacts more of the oxygenate feedstream. In an embodiment, all of the spent catalyst that enters the catalyst cooler is withdrawn from the bottom of the catalyst cooler.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 1, 2009
    Publication date: February 4, 2010
    Applicant: UOP LLC
    Inventor: Lawrence W. Miller
  • Patent number: 7614397
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for storing, transporting, and releasing high grade, thermodynamically useful energy for a wide variety of uses. Solar energy is collected and reflected onto a heat storage container using a three-mirror reflecting system. This invention involves a method of heating the heat storage container using a primary, secondary, and tertiary system, which has a core that is partially comprised of an aluminum alloy and a metallic shell with a higher melting point than the aluminum alloy contained within. Once heated, the storage containers can then be transported to different storage areas in order to heat secondary storage containers or can be used in processes such as cooking, powering heat engines, water heating, absorption refrigeration, or drying garbage, waste, or biomass.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 9, 2005
    Date of Patent: November 10, 2009
    Assignee: FOI Group, LLC
    Inventor: David Murray Munson, Jr.
  • Patent number: 7467466
    Abstract: A method for sealing a heat pipe, includes the steps of: providing a metallic pipe with an end sealed and an opposite open portion; pressing the open portion of the pipe to form a two layer portion by using two pairs of pressing molds; welding an end part of the two layer portion to form a sealing structure, during which at least one pair of pressing molds continues pressing the two layer portion; and moving the at least one pair of pressing molds away from the sealing structure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 16, 2006
    Date of Patent: December 23, 2008
    Assignee: Foxconn Technology Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Chuen-Shu Hou, Chao-Nien Tung, Tay-Jian Liu
  • Patent number: 7430803
    Abstract: A method and gas removing apparatus removes non-condensate gas from a heat pipe. The gas removing apparatus includes at least one heating unit, a sealing unit and a height-adjusting unit. The heating unit heats the heat pipe and includes a clip to clamp the heat pipe. The sealing unit is placed atop the heating unit and outside an opening of the heat pipe. The height-adjusting unit supports the heating unit and adjusts a height of the heating unit according to the length of the heat pipe, whereby the clip clamps on a lower portion of the heat pipe. During the removing operation of the non-condensate gas, the heating unit only heats a bottom portion of the heat pipe.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 28, 2004
    Date of Patent: October 7, 2008
    Inventor: Jia-Hao Li
  • Patent number: 7430804
    Abstract: A method of manufacturing a heat pipe, including the steps of: providing a hollow body with an open end and an opposite close end; filling a predetermined quantity of working fluid into the hollow body through the open end thereof after an interior of the hollow body having been evacuated to a predetermined vacuum degree; and sealing the open end of the hollow body.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 26, 2006
    Date of Patent: October 7, 2008
    Assignee: Foxconn Technology Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Chuen-Shu Hou, Chao-Nien Tung, Tay-Jian Liu
  • Publication number: 20080199821
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method and an apparatus for cooling a material to be removed from the grate of a fluidized bed furnace. Material at a high temperature is passed from the grate of the fluidized bed furnace into a fluidized bed cooler in charges of a given size by measuring the quantity of the material accumulating in the fluidized bed cooler. When the quantity of the material in the cooler has reached a predetermined limit value, the supply of material into the fluidized bed cooler is prevented. The charge is cooled in the fluidized bed cooler by fluidization air and via heat transfer into a cooling liquid circulation system and the temperature of the charge is measured. The charge is removed when the temperature of the charge has fallen to a predetermined limit value. The second end (5) of a supply conduit (3) is provided with a supply valve (15) actuated by a power means (16). A discharge conduit (14) is provided with a discharge valve (17) actuated by a second power means (18).
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 14, 2004
    Publication date: August 21, 2008
    Applicant: Outokumpu Technology OY
    Inventors: Jens Nyberg, Vesa Kartsalo, Heikki Siirila, Heikki Peralahti
  • Patent number: 7404255
    Abstract: An apparatus and a method for removing non-condensing gas in heat pipe are disclosed, In this method, a resilient pad is abutted against an opening of a pipe body of the heat pipe after a working fluid is filled into the heat pipe. The heat pipe is then heated to remove the non-condensing gas by pressure difference.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 5, 2005
    Date of Patent: July 29, 2008
    Inventor: Jia-Hao Li
  • Publication number: 20080149308
    Abstract: Vibrational energy generated with a pneumatic vibrator is controlled to independently adjust the amplitude and the frequency. A mechanical resonator is used to adjust the frequency. The controlled vibrational energy can be applied to equipment, such as a heat exchanger to mitigate fouling.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 20, 2006
    Publication date: June 26, 2008
    Inventors: Limin Song, LeRoy Clavenna, Ian A. Cody, Mohsen S, Yeganeh, H. Alan Wolf, Glen B. Brons, Wayne J. York
  • Patent number: 7108835
    Abstract: An arrangement of cooling tubes within a Fischer-Tropsch slurry reactor simplifies removal and reinstallation of cooling tubes for reactor maintenance.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 8, 2003
    Date of Patent: September 19, 2006
    Assignee: Rentech, Inc.
    Inventors: William H. Hawthorne, Mark D. Ibsen, Peter S. Pedersen, Mark S. Bohn
  • Patent number: 7077888
    Abstract: The invention relates to a device for separating dust from flue gases from combustion plants, especially solid fuel combustion plants, comprising at least one dust filter via which the flue gases are guided, and by means of which the dust from the flue gases can be filtered out as it passes through the dust filter. In order to produce a device which separates dust in a highly efficient manner and which can be operated in a highly reliable manner and be used to heat combustion air for the combustion plant, the at least one dust filter is embodied as a bulk material filter in whose bulk material heat from the flue gases can be collected when the bulk material is cross-flown by the flue gases and by means of whose bulk material heat collected from the flue gases when the combustion air of the combustion plant flows through the bulk material filter can be given off to said combustion air.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 9, 2004
    Date of Patent: July 18, 2006
    Assignee: Siemens Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Harald Dichtl, Thomas Hagen, Roland Klaus, Jörg Lengert
  • Patent number: 7059149
    Abstract: A mobile satellite link terminal (1) for transmission of signals such as video signals via satellite (4), including electronic and electric components (13, 14) in a casing (2) that delimit a space for the components in a sealing manner, whereby the casing 82) comprises at least a heat transmitting first wall portion (8) for transmission of generated heat by said components (13, 14) to the environment, wherein a first fan (10) is arranged on the outside of the first wall portion (8) to in operation drive a cooling outer air flow along it, and wherein a second fan (16, 16?) is arranged inside the casing to in operation drive an inner air flow b-passing at least some of said components for transmission of heat to the casing (2).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 11, 2002
    Date of Patent: June 13, 2006
    Assignee: SWE DISH Satellite Systems, AB
    Inventors: Per Wahlberg, Markus Selin
  • Patent number: 6852435
    Abstract: A cooling system is connected to a fuel cell stack which has a hydrogen inlet, an air inlet, a coolant inlet, a coolant outlet and an exhaust water outlet. The cooling system includes a heat exchange unit coupled to the coolant inlet and the coolant outlet, a coolant pump, and a blower for blowing air through the unit. An evaporator is exposed to the blown air, and a conduit communicates exhaust water from the exhaust water outlet to the evaporator. The exhaust water evaporates in and cools the blown air. The evaporator may be a wick mounted on an exterior surface of the heat exchange unit. The evaporator unit may include water injectors which spray exhaust water into the blown air. The injectors are mounted between a blower and a radiator. A removable porous evaporator element is mounted between the injectors and the radiator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 23, 2002
    Date of Patent: February 8, 2005
    Assignee: Deere & Company
    Inventors: Carl Thomas Vuk, Peter Finamore
  • Patent number: 6470833
    Abstract: A fluidized bed reactor includes a furnace defined by side walls, a roof, and a continuous bottom, and has a solid particle bed in the furnace. Vaporizing surfaces form at least two principally vertical chambers. The chambers have a round or polygonal cross section, and extend from the bottom upwards to at least 80% of the height of the furnace. Also, the chambers are spaced away from the side walls of the furnace and are arranged separately within the furnace, for the furnace volume to be free so that the particles move even in the proximity of the chambers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 18, 2001
    Date of Patent: October 29, 2002
    Assignee: Foster Wheeler Energia Oy
    Inventor: Timo Hyppänen
  • Patent number: 6470834
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method and a device for utilizing the heat of flue gases from combustion apparatus while simultaneously removing condensable elements from the flue gases and reducing the corrosivity of the flue gases. The method is applicable to all types of combustion apparatus where a combustion zone generates hot flue gases that are cooled in one or more heat exchangers that transfer the utilizable heat to a liquid or a gas. The method is also suitable for apparatus with considerable load fluctuations, where the fuel supply must be adjusted to the heat load. This is achieved by separating the flue gases from the heat exchangers by cooling the flue gases by means of a particulate material (2, 13) which absorbs the condensable substances, and by circulating the particulate material between the flue gases and heat exchangers (10) that transfer heat to the hot liquid or gas.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 25, 2001
    Date of Patent: October 29, 2002
    Inventor: Rolf H. Hammer
  • Patent number: 6230633
    Abstract: A conveyor/cooler of hot loose materials produced by fluid bed boilers and various industrial processes includes one or more feeding channels, which are substantially vertical or at any inclination. Because of gravity, the material leaves the combustion chamber of the boiler. A metallic container is connected to the downstream end of the discharging channels. A metallic conveyor belt driven by a motor is placed within the container, and the material from the downstream end of the channels is laid on the conveyor belt, thus forming a travelling continuous bed. The belt therefore constitutes a regenerative heat exchanger which absorbs heat from the material during the forward run and gives it back to the air during the backward run.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 27, 1998
    Date of Patent: May 15, 2001
    Inventors: Mario Magaldi, Alberto Carrea