Specific Low Fluid Loss Feature For Fracturing Fluid Or Cement Causes Fracture Patents (Class 166/283)
  • Patent number: 9683166
    Abstract: A treatment method for a hydrocarbon well includes placing a well treatment fluid containing a viscosifying agent in the well and, using the viscosifying agent, attaining a first viscosity of the fluid in the well. The method includes combining a porphyrin compound with the fluid and, using the porphyrin compound, decreasing viscosity of the fluid in the well to a second viscosity less than the first viscosity. A hydrocarbon well treatment fluid includes an aqueous carrier fluid, a polymer viscosifying agent, and a chlorophyll compound.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 1, 2014
    Date of Patent: June 20, 2017
    Assignee: BAKER HUGHES INCORPORATED
    Inventors: Prasad D. Dhulipala, C. David Armstrong
  • Patent number: 9683432
    Abstract: A fracturing method comprises: pumping a first stream of liquefied petroleum gas and gelling agent with a first frac pressure pump; pumping a second stream of lubricated proppant with a second frac pressure pump; combining the first stream and the second stream within a wellhead into a combined stream; pumping the combined stream into a hydrocarbon reservoir; and subjecting the combined stream in the hydrocarbon reservoir to fracturing pressures. A fracturing apparatus comprises: a first frac pressure pump connected to a first port of a wellhead; a second frac pressure pump connected to a second port of the wellhead; a frac fluid source connected to simply a stream of frac fluid comprising liquefied petroleum gas to the first frac pressure pump; a gel source connected to supply a gelling agent into the frac fluid; and a proppant supply source connected to supply lubricated proppant to the second frac pressure pump.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 14, 2013
    Date of Patent: June 20, 2017
    Assignee: Step Energy Services LLC
    Inventors: Victor Fordyce, Eric Tudor
  • Patent number: 9663701
    Abstract: The present invention provides a method of isolating a selected reservoir zone in a subterranean reservoir comprising at least the step of squeezing a treatment fluid into the selected reservoir zone, the treatment fluid comprising: a viscosifying agent; a fluid loss control agent; and a particulate material. The invention further provides a treatment fluid comprising a base fluid; a viscosifying agent; at least 20 kg/m3 of a fluid loss control agent; and a particulate material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 27, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 30, 2017
    Assignees: M-I Drilling Fluids U.K. Ltd., Schlumberger Norge, AS
    Inventors: Mark Sanders, Russell Watson
  • Patent number: 9594070
    Abstract: A method of hydraulic fracturing, and tracer composites for use in the fracturing procedure, for tracing the production of crude oil or other hydrocarbon liquid products from one or more fractured zones. The tracer composites preferably include an oil soluble tracer adsorbed onto a solid carrier material. A non-water soluble coating is preferable also included on the composite over the tracer compound.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 5, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 14, 2017
    Assignee: SPECTRUM TRACER SERVICES, LLC
    Inventors: Jeffrey David Rule, Steve Allen Faurot
  • Patent number: 9518212
    Abstract: Liquid hydrocarbons are gelled by the introduction of a phosphate ester and a crosslinking agent for use in oil recovery. Generally a proppant, delayed gel breaker and other modifiers are added to the gelled hydrocarbon to improve the oil recovery process. The phosphate ester used in this method and composition for oil recovery has low volatility and good stability during hydrocarbon distillation resulting in improved distillation efficiency in a refinery.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 18, 2013
    Date of Patent: December 13, 2016
    Assignee: Ethox Chemicals, LLC
    Inventors: Emil Delgado, Bradley Keown
  • Patent number: 9518328
    Abstract: A gel-forming corrosion inhibiting composition may be employed to protect a metal article from corrosion. The gel-forming corrosion inhibitor composition is combined with water and delivered to an enclosed space at least partially defined by the metal article. Subsequent to delivery, the combination forms a gel to sustainably fill the enclosed space, thereby protecting the metal article from corrosion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 4, 2016
    Date of Patent: December 13, 2016
    Assignee: Cortec Corporation
    Inventors: Tim Whited, Margarita Kharshan, Kristy Gillette, Boris Miksic
  • Patent number: 9416051
    Abstract: Disclosed is a composition and a method for cementing a casing in a borehole of a well using an aqueous cementing composition comprising (a) water, (b) a cementing composition comprising (i) a hydraulic cement, (ii) a hydrophobically modified polymer, (iii) a dispersant, and optionally (iv) one or more other additives conventionally added to aqueous cementing compositions useful in cementing casings in the borehole of wells. Preferably the hydrophobically modified hydroxyethyl cellulose has an ethylene oxide molar substitution of from 0.5 to 3.5, a hydrophobe degree of substitution of from 0.001 to 0.025, and a weight-average molecular weight of from 500,000 to 4,000,000 Daltons and the dispersant is sulfonated polymer, melamine formaldehyde condensate, a naphthalene formaldehyde condensate, a branched or non-branched polycarboxylate polymer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 6, 2013
    Date of Patent: August 16, 2016
    Assignee: Dow Global Technologies LLC
    Inventors: Roger L. Kuhlman, Cole A. Witham, Michael K. Poindexter, Raymond M. Jones, Nathan Kyle Combs, Jeffrey T. Watters, Larry T. Watters
  • Patent number: 9410415
    Abstract: Subterranean formations are subjected to hydraulic fracturing with an aqueous fracturing fluid having guar or a derivative thereof, a borate crosslinking agent and proppant. The fracturing fluid is prepared in a blender and then pumped into the wellbore through an entrance site. The apparent viscosity of the fluid decreases distally from the entrance site such that (i) the apparent viscosity of the fracturing fluid 100 feet from the entrance site is less than 10 percent of the apparent viscosity of the fracturing fluid at the entrance site; (ii) the apparent viscosity of the fracturing fluid 15 minutes after introduction into the entrance site is less than 15% of the apparent viscosity of the fracturing fluid at the entrance site; or (iii) the apparent viscosity of the fracturing fluid is less than 10 cP within 15 minutes after being introduced through the entrance site.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 18, 2015
    Date of Patent: August 9, 2016
    Assignee: Baker Hughes Incorporated
    Inventors: Charles Elmer Bell, Harold Dean Brannon
  • Patent number: 9315714
    Abstract: A method of treating a formation that includes exposing a region of the formation occupied by a hydrolysable gel to a hydrolyzing agent; and allowing sufficient time for the hydrolyzing agent to hydrolyze the gel. Various methods may also include the use of a swelling agent to allow for expansion of the gel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 15, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 19, 2016
    Assignees: M-I L.L.C., M-I Drilling Fluids U.K. Limited
    Inventors: Mark Sanders, David Antony Ballard, Arvind D. Patel, Jason T. Scorsone
  • Patent number: 9303502
    Abstract: Water production from a subterranean formation is inhibited or controlled by pumping a fluid containing coated particles through a wellbore into the formation. The particles have been previously coated with a relative permeability modifier (RPM). Upon contact with water, the RPM coating expands or swells and inhibits and controls the production of water. The RPM may be a water hydrolyzable polymer having a weight average molecular weight greater than 100,000. The particles may be conventional proppants or gravel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 27, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 5, 2016
    Assignee: BAKER HUGHES INCORPORATED
    Inventors: Tianping Huang, James B. Crews, John R. Willingham
  • Patent number: 9260935
    Abstract: Degradable balls for downhole use may include an incompliant degradable polymer and a compliant filler material, the incompliant degradable polymer having an elastic modulus of about 2 GPa or greater, and the compliant filler material having an elastic modulus of less than about 2 GPa. Such degradable balls may be useful in sealing segments of a wellbore and actuating wellbore tools.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 31, 2013
    Date of Patent: February 16, 2016
    Assignee: Halliburton Energy Services, Inc.
    Inventors: Zachary Ryan Murphree, Michael Linley Fripp, Zachary William Walton, Feng Liang, Dwight Fulton
  • Publication number: 20150075792
    Abstract: The disclosure relates to a method of delaying viscosification of a well treatment fluid within a well or within a subterranean formation penetrated by a well by introducing into the well a hydratable viscosifying agent of particulates having a minimum of 40% retention on a 60 mesh screen and a minimum of 1% retention on a 20 mesh screen.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 17, 2013
    Publication date: March 19, 2015
    Inventors: Andreas Brandl, Christina Magelky, Angel Anh Doan, Windal Scott Bray
  • Patent number: 8936084
    Abstract: Methods of making a degradable ball composition comprising a carboxylic acid, a fatty alcohol, a fatty acid salt, a fatty ester, or a combination thereof comprising the steps of: forming a thermoplastic mass, and allowing the thermoplastic mass to cool as to form a degradable ball that is introduced in subterranean treatments by a carrier fluid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 27, 2012
    Date of Patent: January 20, 2015
    Assignee: Halliburton Energy Services, Inc.
    Inventors: Hongyu Luo, Dwight D. Fulton
  • Patent number: 8921285
    Abstract: Fluids viscosified with viscoelastic surfactants (VESs) may have their fluid loss properties improved with the presence of at least one mineral oil slurried together in combination with at least one particulate fluid loss control agent that may be an alkaline earth metal oxides, alkaline earth metal hydroxides, transition metal oxides, transition metal hydroxides, and mixtures thereof. The mineral oil having the particulate fluid loss control agents slurried within it may initially be dispersed oil droplets in an internal, discontinuous phase of the fluid. In one non-limiting embodiment, the slurry is added to the fluid after it has been substantially gelled. The mineral oil/particulate slurry may enhance the ability of a particulate fluid loss control agent to reduce fluid loss. The presence of the mineral oil may also eventually reduce the viscosity of the VES-gelled aqueous fluid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 28, 2012
    Date of Patent: December 30, 2014
    Assignee: Baker Hughes Incorporated
    Inventors: Tianping Huang, James B. Crews
  • Patent number: 8783350
    Abstract: Processes and systems for fracturing a formation are disclosed. Tools that may be selectively opened and closed are positioned on a tubular liner that in turn is positioned within a subterranean well bore. Separate pairs of packers are also attached to and positioned along the tubular liner so as to straddle each tool. Fracturing fluid is pumped from the surface through the tubular and open tool and past a pair of packers at a temperature and injection rate which causes contraction of the tubular liner. Thereafter, the velocity of the fracturing fluid is sufficient to set the pair of packers adjacent the open tool. Continued pumping of fracturing fluid is directed by the set packers into the adjacent subterranean environs at a pressure sufficient to fracture the subterranean environs.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 16, 2011
    Date of Patent: July 22, 2014
    Assignee: Marathon Oil Company
    Inventor: Philip M Snider
  • Patent number: 8757260
    Abstract: Methods and compositions that include a method of treating a subterranean formation comprising the steps of providing a carrier fluid comprising degradable balls that comprise a carboxylic acid, a fatty alcohol, a fatty acid salt, a fatty ester, a fatty acid salt, or a combination thereof, and introducing the carrier fluid to the subterranean formation during a treatment.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 11, 2009
    Date of Patent: June 24, 2014
    Assignee: Halliburton Energy Services, Inc.
    Inventors: Hongyu Luo, Dwight D. Fulton
  • Patent number: 8739878
    Abstract: The method disclosed herein includes the introduction of proppant-free stage and a proppant laden stage into the wellbore and/or subterranean formation. The method increases the effective fracture width and enhances fracture conductivity within the formation. Either the proppant-free stage or the proppant laden stage contains a breaker. The other stage contains a viscosifying polymer or viscoelastic surfactant to which the breaker has affinity. The proppant-free stage may be introduced prior to introduction of the proppant laden stage into the wellbore and/or formation. Alternatively, the proppant laden stage may be introduced into the wellbore and/or formation prior to introduction of the proppant-free stage.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 1, 2013
    Date of Patent: June 3, 2014
    Assignee: Baker Hughes Incorporated
    Inventors: Harold Dean Brannon, Brian N. Ward
  • Publication number: 20140144633
    Abstract: Methods of treating a subterranean formation including providing a wellbore in a subterranean formation having at least one fracture; providing an expandable cementitious material; introducing the expandable cementitious material into the at least one fracture in the subterranean formation; curing the expandable cementitious material so as to form a cement pack, wherein the curing of the expandable cementitious material expands the expandable cementitious material such that at least one microfracture is created within the at least one fracture in the subterranean formation; and acid-fracturing the at least one fracture in the subterranean formation.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 28, 2012
    Publication date: May 29, 2014
    Applicant: Halliburton Energy Services, Inc.
    Inventors: Philip D. Nguyen, Jimmie D. Weaver, Michael W. Sanders, Jason E. Bryant, Loyd E. East, Guillermo Antonio Izquierdo, Leopoldo Sierra, Timothy H. Hunter
  • Patent number: 8720555
    Abstract: A method for diverting fluids across a perforation tunnel in high-rate water pack operations may include providing a wellbore extending into a subterranean formation, wherein a perforation tunnel provides a fluid connection between the wellbore and the subterranean formation; providing a diverting particulate that comprises a degradable plasticized polymer coating on a particulate; placing the diverting particulate into the perforation tunnel, wherein the step of placing the diverting particulate forms a particulate pack within the subterranean formation and the perforation tunnel; allowing the degradable plasticized polymer coating to deform and fill the interstitial spaces within the particulate pack in the perforation tunnel such that the fluid conductivity between the wellbore and the subterranean formation is substantially blocked; and allowing the plasticized polymer coating to degrade over time thereby substantially restoring the fluid conductivity between the wellbore and the subterranean formation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 4, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 13, 2014
    Assignee: Halliburton Energy Services, Inc.
    Inventors: Feng Liang, Bradley L. Todd, Rajesh K. Saini, Stanley J. Heath
  • Patent number: 8714249
    Abstract: A method of servicing a wellbore in a subterranean formation comprising placing a first wellbore servicing fluid comprising a self-degrading diverter material into the wellbore wherein the self-degrading diverter materials comprises (i) a diverting material and (ii) a degradation accelerator; allowing the self-degrading diverter material to form a diverter plug at a first location in the wellbore or subterranean formation; diverting the flow of a second wellbore servicing fluid to a second location in the wellbore or subterranean formation; and removing the diverter plug, wherein the first and second wellbore servicing fluids may be the same or different.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 26, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 6, 2014
    Assignee: Halliburton Energy Services, Inc.
    Inventor: Tingji Tang
  • Patent number: 8695704
    Abstract: The present invention relates to encapsulated breakers and the use of encapsulated breakers for breaking viscosified treatment fluids. One embodiment of the present invention provides a method of providing a viscosified treatment fluid having a first viscosity having a gelling agent, a crosslinking agent, a proppant, an aqueous-base fluid, and an encapsulated breaker composition having an encapsulant that has a poly(meth)acrylate blend; introducing the viscosified treatment fluid in the subterranean formation; creating or enhancing a fracture in a subterranean formation; and allowing the encapsulated breaker composition to release the breaker so as to reduce the viscosity of the viscosified treatment fluid to a second viscosity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 9, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 15, 2014
    Assignee: Halliburton Energy Services, Inc.
    Inventors: Ramesh Muthusamy, Prajakta R. Patil, Nisha A. Pandya
  • Patent number: 8684081
    Abstract: A silicate gel composition that is useful for sealing the face of a fracture of a formation. A method of sealing a face of a fracture of a formation with the silicate gel composition and diverting an acid treatment fluid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 3, 2013
    Date of Patent: April 1, 2014
    Assignee: Saudi Arabian Oil Company
    Inventors: Saleh Haif Al-Mutairi, Ali Dahmal Al-Aamri, Khalid A. Al-Dossary, Mubarak Auodah Al-Dhufairi
  • Patent number: 8664165
    Abstract: A fluid loss pill that includes a crosslinked polymer gel, a brine, and solid salt particles disposed in said gel is described. Further, a method for reducing fluid loss that includes pumping a selected amount of a fluid loss pill into a wellbore leading to an oil-, condensate-, or gas-producing formation, the fluid loss pill including a crosslinked polymer gel, a brine, and solid salt particles disposed in said gel is described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 29, 2006
    Date of Patent: March 4, 2014
    Assignee: M-I L.L.C.
    Inventors: Robert L. Horton, Bethicia B. Prasek
  • Patent number: 8596362
    Abstract: A hydraulic fracturing method includes injecting a fluid containing a transitory binder and filler into a substantially horizontal well casing without any placement apparatus present in the substantially horizontal well casing, the filler containing particles of a solid material. The transitory binder and filler are placed over first perforations in the well casing. The method includes opening second perforations through the well casing, injecting additional fracturing fluid through the substantially horizontal well casing, and forming a plug over and through the first perforations with the transitory binder and filler.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 19, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 3, 2013
    Assignee: Baker Hughes Incorporated
    Inventor: Scott Gregory Nelson
  • Publication number: 20130299168
    Abstract: A silicate gel composition that is useful for sealing the face of a fracture of a formation. A method of sealing a face of a fracture of a formation with the silicate gel composition and diverting an acid treatment fluid.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 3, 2013
    Publication date: November 14, 2013
    Applicant: Saudi Arabian Oil Company
    Inventors: Saleh Haif Al-Mutairi, Ali Dahmal Al-Aamri, Khalid A. Al-Dossary, Mubarak Auodah Al-Dhufairi
  • Patent number: 8579029
    Abstract: A method includes providing a treatment fluid that is a viscous fluid. The viscous fluid may be greater than 0.01 Pa-s, greater than 0.1 Pa-s, and/or a cross-linked polymer based fluid. The method further includes determining a fines migration composition soluble in an aqueous phase of the treatment fluid that is compatible with the treatment fluid, and that interacts to secure fines in an earth formation intersecting a wellbore within a fines reaction time. The method further includes adding an amount of the fines migration composition to the treatment fluid, and treating the earth formation with the treatment fluid. The method includes leaking off a portion of the treatment fluid into the earth formation, and providing a residence time of the leaked off portion of the treatment fluid in the earth formation, where the residence time meets or exceeds the fines reaction time.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 21, 2009
    Date of Patent: November 12, 2013
    Assignee: Schlumberger Technology Corporation
    Inventors: Carlos Abad, Yenny Christanti, Syed Ali, Balkrishna Gadiyar, Brent Busby
  • Patent number: 8550161
    Abstract: A well treatment composition is formed from a fluid mixture of a viscoelastic surfactant and a liquid carrier fluid. The fluid mixture has rheological properties wherein the mixture exhibits shear-thickening behavior when the shear rate is increased from a first shear rate to a second higher shear rate. The fluid mixture may further include a shear activation additive that interacts with the viscoelastic surfactant to facilitate the shear-thickening behavior. The method is accomplished by introducing the fluid mixture into a wellbore formed in a subterranean formation. In certain applications, the fluid mixture may be recycled by bringing the fluid mixture to the surface and reintroducing the fluid into the same or a different wellbore.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 14, 2012
    Date of Patent: October 8, 2013
    Assignee: Schlumberger Technology Corporation
    Inventors: Yiyan Chen, Oscar Bustos, Philip F. Sullivan
  • Patent number: 8530393
    Abstract: Of the many compositions and methods provided herein, one method includes providing a drilling fluid comprising a base drilling fluid and a plurality of particulates, wherein the base drilling fluid without the particulates is characterized by N1(B) and wherein the base drilling fluid with the particulates is characterized by N1(A); and adjusting a concentration of the particulates in the drilling fluid by comparing the value of ?N1(F) to ?N1(P) so that ?N1(F)??N1(P), wherein ?N1(F)=|N1(A)|?|N1(B)|.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 1, 2011
    Date of Patent: September 10, 2013
    Assignee: Halliburton Energy Services, Inc.
    Inventors: Sandeep D. Kulkarni, Sharath Savari, Arunesh Kumar, Matthew L. Miller, Robert Murphy, Dale E. Jamison
  • Patent number: 8517103
    Abstract: A treatment fluid comprises: a metal oxide, wherein the metal oxide is capable of forming a chelate complex or coordination complex with a ligand, wherein the chelate complex or coordination complex has a setting time of less than 90 minutes at a temperature of 71° F. and a pressure of 1 atmosphere. A method of treating a portion of a subterranean formation comprises: introducing the treatment fluid into the subterranean formation; allowing or causing a chelate complex or coordination complex to form between the metal oxide and a ligand; and allowing or causing the chelate complex or coordination complex to set.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 4, 2012
    Date of Patent: August 27, 2013
    Assignee: Halliburton Energy Services, Inc.
    Inventors: Dale E. Jamison, Donald L. Whitfill, Matthew L. Miller, Kay A. Morris
  • Patent number: 8505628
    Abstract: High solids content slurry, systems and methods. The slurry comprises a carrier fluid and a solids mixture of first, second, third and fourth particle size distribution (PSD) modes wherein the first PSD mode is at least three times larger than the second PSD mode, which is larger than the third PSD mode, which is larger than the fourth PSD mode, and wherein at least one of the second and third PSD modes is less than 3 times larger than the respective third or fourth PSD mode. The method comprises forming the slurry, positioning a screen in a wellbore and circulating the slurry through the wellbore such that the solids mixture is deposited between the screen and the wellbore. The system comprises a pump to circulate the slurry, a workstring to position the screen and means for converting the slurry to a gravel pack.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 30, 2010
    Date of Patent: August 13, 2013
    Assignee: Schlumberger Technology Corporation
    Inventors: Mohan Panga, Jean-Philippe Bedel, Yiyan Chen
  • Patent number: 8499833
    Abstract: Disclosed herein are an acid emulsion fluid for use in sealing target portions of a hydrocarbon producing formation penetrated by a wellbore and the method of use thereof for fluid loss control.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 23, 2010
    Date of Patent: August 6, 2013
    Assignee: Saudi Arabian Oil Company
    Inventors: Saleh Haif Al-Mutairi, Ali Dahmal Al-Aamri, Khalid A. Al-Dossary, Mubarak Auodah Al-Dhufairi
  • Patent number: 8496056
    Abstract: A method of fracturing a subterranean formation comprising at least in part shale formation, comprises providing a carrier fluid; providing a particulate blend including a first amount of particulates having a first average particle size between about 100 and 2000 microns and a second amount of particulates having a second average particle size between about three and twenty times smaller than the first average particle size, such that a packed volume fraction of the particulate blend exceeds 0.75; combining the carrier fluid and the particulate blend into a fracturing slurry; fracturing the formation with the fracturing slurry to create at least a fracture; and removing the second amount of particulates from the fracture.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 30, 2010
    Date of Patent: July 30, 2013
    Assignee: Schlumberger Technology Corporation
    Inventors: Ryan Hartman, Mohan K. R. Panga, Bruno Drochon, John W. Still
  • Patent number: 8479817
    Abstract: A system for curing lost circulation is made of fibers and a material able to stick fibers in a network when activated. Such activation can be temperature or pH change or both. The fibers can be metallic amorphous fibers, metallic non-amorphous fibers, glass fibers, carbon fibers, polymeric fibers and combinations thereof. The material can be a fiber coating or an additional material, for example polyvinyl alcohol, polyurethane and heat activated epoxy resin.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 23, 2008
    Date of Patent: July 9, 2013
    Assignee: Schlumberger Technology Corporation
    Inventors: Nikhil Shindgikar, Jesse Lee
  • Patent number: 8408301
    Abstract: A method comprises providing a treatment fluid comprising a gelling agent, an aqueous base fluid, a buffer composition comprising a plurality of salts, and a crosslinking agent; and contacting a subterranean formation with the treatment fluid. The aqueous base fluid is preferably seawater and the buffer composition includes one or more salts present in the treatment fluid from about 1 to about 1000 pounds per gallon of treatment fluid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 20, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 2, 2013
    Assignee: Halliburton Energy Services, Inc.
    Inventors: Paul D. Lord, Ivan Suleiman, John M. Terracina, Rajendra A. Kalgaonkar
  • Patent number: 8408305
    Abstract: The method disclosed herein includes the introduction of proppant-free stage and a proppant laden stage into the wellbore and/or subterranean formation. The method increases the effective fracture width and enhances fracture conductivity within the formation. Either the proppant-free stage or the proppant laden stage contains a breaker. The other stage contains a viscosifying polymer or viscoelastic surfactant to which the breaker has affinity. The proppant-free stage may be introduced prior to introduction of the proppant laden stage into the wellbore and/or formation. Alternatively, the proppant laden stage may be introduced into the wellbore and/or formation prior to introduction of the proppant-free stage.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 8, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 2, 2013
    Assignee: Baker Hughes Incorporated
    Inventors: Harold Dean Brannon, Brian N. Ward
  • Patent number: 8371382
    Abstract: Of the many methods provided herein, one method comprises: providing at least one fracture in a subterranean formation that comprises tight gas, a shale, a clay, and/or a coal bed; providing a plasticity modification fluid that comprises an aqueous fluid and an alkaline embrittlement modification agent; placing the plasticity modification fluid into the fracture in the subterranean formation; and embrittling at least one fracture face of the fracture to form an embrittled fracture face.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 29, 2010
    Date of Patent: February 12, 2013
    Assignee: Halliburton Energy Services, Inc.
    Inventors: Ronald G. Dusterhoft, Jimmie D. Weaver, Richard D. Rickman, Michael A. McCabe
  • Patent number: 8286705
    Abstract: Apparatus and methods comprising a plurality of particles which are magnetically attracted to one another in response to exposure to an magnetic field, and which maintain attraction to one another after removal of the magnetic field, the attraction being disabled when the particles are demagnetized, whereby the particles operate to alter the rheological properties of a fluid in which the particles are mixed when the attraction is enabled or disabled is disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 30, 2009
    Date of Patent: October 16, 2012
    Assignee: Schlumberger Technology Corporation
    Inventors: Murat Ocalan, Francois Auzerais, Partha Ganguly, Agathe Robisson, Jahir Pabon
  • Patent number: 8276663
    Abstract: Methods of treating subterranean formations to reduce bacteria load are provided. Some methods include the steps of providing a treatment fluid, particulates, and tri-n-butyl tetradecyl phosphonium chloride (TTPC) wherein the TTPC is in liquid form or in solution; coating the TTPC onto the particulates; combining the particulates coated with TTPC with the treatment fluid to create a suspension; and, placing the suspension into the portion of the subterranean formation. Other methods involve the use of TTPC in the form of a solid salt.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 28, 2010
    Date of Patent: October 2, 2012
    Assignee: Halliburton Energy Services Inc.
    Inventors: Jeremy Holtsclaw, Jimmie D Weaver, Lindsey Gloe, Michael A. McCabe
  • Patent number: 8242060
    Abstract: A clear, stable, salt-free solution of a 1:1 molar complex of zirconium and N,N,N?,N?-tetrakis-(2-hydroxypropyl)ethylene diamine. The solution can be used in a cross-linking composition comprising a cross-linkable organic polymer for oil field applications such as fluid fracturing and plugging permeable zones in subterranean formations.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 21, 2006
    Date of Patent: August 14, 2012
    Assignee: Dorf Ketal Specialty Catalysts, LLC
    Inventor: Donald Edward Putzig
  • Patent number: 8240379
    Abstract: A well treatment composition is formed from a fluid mixture of a viscoelastic surfactant and a liquid carrier fluid. The fluid mixture has rheological properties wherein the mixture exhibits shear-thickening behavior when the shear rate is increased from a first shear rate to a second higher shear rate. The fluid mixture may further include a shear activation additive that interacts with the viscoelastic surfactant to facilitate the shear-thickening behavior. The method is accomplished by introducing the fluid mixture into a wellbore formed in a subterranean formation. In certain applications, the fluid mixture may be recycled by bringing the fluid mixture to the surface and reintroducing the fluid into the same or a different wellbore.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 28, 2009
    Date of Patent: August 14, 2012
    Assignee: Schlumberger Technology Corporation
    Inventors: Yiyan Chen, Oscar Bustos, Philip F. Sullivan
  • Patent number: 8205675
    Abstract: The method disclosed herein includes the introduction of proppant-free stage and a proppant laden stage into the wellbore and/or subterranean formation. The method increases the effective fracture width and enhances fracture conductivity within the formation. Either the proppant-free stage or the proppant laden stage contains a breaker. The other stage contains a viscosifying polymer or viscoelastic surfactant to which the breaker has affinity. The proppant-free stage may be introduced prior to introduction of the proppant laden stage into the wellbore and/or formation. Alternatively, the proppant laden stage may be introduced into the wellbore and/or formation prior to introduction of the proppant-free stage.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 9, 2008
    Date of Patent: June 26, 2012
    Assignee: Baker Hughes Incorporated
    Inventors: Harold Dean Brannon, Brian N. Ward
  • Patent number: 8188015
    Abstract: Viscoelastic surfactant (VES) gelled aqueous fluids containing water, a VES, an internal breaker, a VES stabilizer, a fluid loss control agent and a viscosity enhancer are useful as treating fluids and particularly as fracturing fluids for subterranean formations. These VES-based fluids have faster and more complete clean-up than polymer-based fracturing fluids. The use of an internal breaker permits ready removal of the unique VES micelle based pseudo-filter cake with several advantages including reducing the typical VES loading and total fluid volume since more VES fluid stays within the fracture, generating a more optimum fracture geometry for enhanced reservoir productivity, and treating reservoirs with permeability above the present VES limit of approximately 400 md to at least 2000 md.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 19, 2010
    Date of Patent: May 29, 2012
    Assignee: Baker Hughes Incorporated
    Inventors: James B. Crews, Tianping Huang, Allen D. Gabrysch, James H. Treadway, John R. Willingham, Patrick A. Kelly, William R. Wood
  • Patent number: 8188013
    Abstract: This invention relates to the use of degradable fibers, and more particularly, to self-degrading fibers and their associated methods of use and manufacture. In one embodiment, the present invention provides a self degrading fiber comprising: an outer shell, and a core liquid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 11, 2009
    Date of Patent: May 29, 2012
    Assignee: Halliburton Energy Services, Inc.
    Inventors: Michael N. Mang, Bradley L. Todd
  • Patent number: 8167043
    Abstract: A method for well treatment by forming a temporary plug in a fracture, a perforation, a wellbore, or more than one of these locations, in a well penetrating a subterranean formation is provided, in which the method of well treatment includes: injecting a slurry comprising a degradable material, allowing the degradable material to form a plug in a perforation, a fracture, or a wellbore in a well penetrating a formation; performing a downhole operation; and allowing the degradable material to degrade after a selected time such that the plug disappears.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 8, 2008
    Date of Patent: May 1, 2012
    Assignee: Schlumberger Technology Corporation
    Inventors: Dean M. Willberg, Marina Bulova, Christopher N. Fredd, Alexey Vostrukhov, Curtis L. Boney, John Lassek, Ann M. W. Hoefer, Philip F. Sullivan
  • Patent number: 8167042
    Abstract: Methods of forming gravel packs while reducing fluid loss to the surrounding subterranean formation. The methods involve suspending gravel that has been coated with a tackifying agent and degradable fines into a low viscosity carrier fluid and then placing that suspension into a subterranean formation so as to form a gravel pack wherein, as the gravel pack is placed, the degradable fines to de-adhere from the gravel and to fill at least a portion of the pore spaces within the gravel pack so as to reducing fluid loss through the gravel pack.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 18, 2009
    Date of Patent: May 1, 2012
    Assignee: Halliburton Energy Services, Inc.
    Inventor: Bradley L. Todd
  • Publication number: 20120073812
    Abstract: Apparatus and methods of treating a subterranean formation including introducing a coiled tubing string into a wellbore to a lowest wellbore zone, wherein the string comprises a single packer on a bottom hole assembly; setting a packer at the lowest zone; introducing an acid fracture treatment through the string at a single zone; introducing bridging fluid comprising polyacid particulates through the string; reducing fluid injecting to unset the packer; circulating a portion of fluid in the wellbore while moving the string in the wellbore; introducing a final portion of fluid with a higher concentration of polyacid particulates to further bridge packer formation and consolidation wherein the concentration of particulates in the final portion of fluid is higher than when introducing bridging fluid comprising polyacid particulates through the string; squeezing the bridging fluid to isolate a perforation into the zone; moving the string to next zone; and repeating introducing and moving.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 10, 2011
    Publication date: March 29, 2012
    Inventor: Jamie Cochran
  • Patent number: 8109335
    Abstract: Methods and compositions that include a method comprising: providing a treatment fluid comprising at least a plurality of degradable diverting agents that comprise at least one degradable material selected from the group consisting of a fatty alcohol, a fatty acid salt, a fatty ester, a proteinous material, and a combination thereof; and introducing the treatment fluid into a subterranean formation during a subterranean operation via a well bore.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 13, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 7, 2012
    Assignee: Halliburton Energy Services, Inc.
    Inventors: Hongyu Luo, Dwight D. Fulton
  • Patent number: 8105985
    Abstract: Adding relatively low molecular weight water-soluble friction loss reduction polymers to an aqueous fluid gelled with a viscoelastic surfactant (VES) increases the critical generalized Reynold's number at which the Fanning friction factor increases and friction pressure starts to increase rapidly. The water-soluble polymeric friction loss reduction additives lower surface pumping pressure in VES-gelled fracturing fluids for a given pump rate, thus lowering hydraulic horsepower (HHP) requirements for pumping fluids downhole, e.g. for hydraulic fracturing or frac packing treatments of subterranean formations.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 6, 2009
    Date of Patent: January 31, 2012
    Assignee: Baker Hughes Incorporated
    Inventors: William Russell Wood, James B. Crews
  • Patent number: 8043997
    Abstract: A lost circulation material and method for well treatment employing the material that is effective at sealing or plugging small fissures and large fractures and has utility over a wide range of temperatures, including high temperatures. The material has an optimized bimodal particle distribution and optionally has a polymer flocculent or water swellable polymer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 29, 2008
    Date of Patent: October 25, 2011
    Assignee: Halliburton Energy Services Inc.
    Inventors: Donald L. Whitfill, Cindy C. Fang, Matthew Miller
  • Patent number: 8016034
    Abstract: Improved methods of placing and/or diverting treatment fluids in subterranean formations are provided. In one embodiment, the methods comprise: introducing a diverting material into a subterranean formation penetrated by a well bore to reduce or prevent the flow of fluid into a first portion of the subterranean formation; introducing a first fluid into a second portion of the subterranean formation having a higher fluid flow resistance than the first portion of the subterranean formation; allowing the diverting material to be removed from the subterranean formation after at least a portion of the first fluid has been introduced into the second portion of the subterranean formation; and introducing a second fluid into the first portion of the subterranean formation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 1, 2009
    Date of Patent: September 13, 2011
    Assignee: Halliburton Energy Services, Inc.
    Inventors: Gerard Glasbergen, Thomas D. Weiton, Danial Gualtien