Abstract: The invention is directed to a centrifugal clutch having centrifugal weights wherein each weight has an arc-shaped clutch shoe and is pivotally mounted with a lever foot on a carrier disc on the drive end of the clutch. After reaching a specific rpm, the clutch shoes are pressed under the action of centrifugal force against the inner wall surface of a clutch drum for providing friction-tight torque transmission. The clutch drum surrounds the clutch shoes. The centrifugal clutch includes a carrier disc on which the centrifugal weights are pivotally mounted. A cover disc is held axially tight at the sides of the centrifugal weights which lie opposite the carrier disc. This cover disc radially covers the clutch shoes so that axial guide play is provided. In this way, wear of the clutch weights caused by operation is reduced especially in the bearing regions of the centrifugal weights.
May 20, 1998
Date of Patent:
December 14, 1999
Andreas Stihl AG & Co.
Georg Becker, Hans-Georg Wiedmann, Dieter Angstenberger
Abstract: A powered sliding device for a sliding door comprises a wire drum rotated by a motor, a wire cable connecting the wire drum and the sliding door, a clutch mechanism provided between the wire drum and the motor. The clutch mechanism has a first coupling state for opening the door, a second coupling state for closing the door, and an uncoupling state. The wire drum has a cylindrical shape having a substantially closed end and an opposite open end, and an inner space formed inside thereof. The clutch mechanism is substantially provided within the inner space. The clutch mechanism is displaced into the first coupling state when the motor rotates in a given direction and displaced into the second coupling state when the motor rotates in a direction opposite to the given direction.
Abstract: A variable speed belt drive having adjustable mass and moment of inertia camweights is shown for use primarily in conjunction with snowmobile, golf cart, all terrain vehicle and small automobile engines. In one version, the camweight includes a series of perforations or score lines surrounding a cross section of the camweight arm. The perforations define a volume that may be snapped or cut off of the arm with a suitable tool. Also, a series of bores are formed through the arm. In order to increase the mass of the arm, a molten metal or similar flowable material may be poured into one or more of the bores and allowed to cure. In another version of the invention, a reduced cross section arm serves as a base onto which shims are added or reoriented in order to achieve the desired mass and moment of inertia characteristics.
Abstract: A centrifugal clutch for a transport refrigeration system including an engine and a compressor is characterized by an improved drive connection between the clutch and the compressor. The clutch includes a rotor assembly connected with the engine, a housing centrifugally activated for rotation with the rotor assembly, and a coupling adaptor for transmitting rotation of the housing to a drive shaft of the compressor. The rotor assembly, housing coupling adaptor, and drive shaft are all coaxially arranged. The housing contains a plurality of radial rubber bushings for receiving drive pins which pass through radial openings in the coupling adaptor and which extend parallel to the axis of the adaptor. The drive pins and bushings minimize noise and vibrations within the clutch and prevent radial forces from being delivered to the compressor drive shaft.
Abstract: A centrifugal actuator is provided for a centrifugal clutch having an axially fixed base and an axially movable pulley flange. The actuator includes a drive arm having a camming surface and a bottom that is pivotably attached to the movable pulley flange, a mounting pin coupled to the fixed base, and an improved roller that rotates about the mounting pin. The roller includes an outer sleeve and an inner sleeve coupled to the outer sleeve. The outer sleeve is made of metal and has an outer surface that frictionally engages the camming surface of the drive arm. The inner sleeve is made of a plastics material and has an inner load-bearing surface that engages the mounting pin. The roller rotates about the mounting pin as the drive arm swings outwardly and inwardly.
Abstract: A centrifugal clutch for a power driven working tool such as a chain saw, hedge trimmer, or the like having a hub portion (10) adapted to be connected to an engine shaft, and at least two clutch shoes (16, 17) rotatably journalled on the hub portion. The clutch shoes are adapted, when actuated by centrifugal forces, to move against the bias of tension springs striving to release or disengage the clutch shoes from the clutch drum, and engage a surrounding clutch drum (18). The tension springs (19, 20) have one end which is connected to a clutch shoe and another end which is connected to an adjacent clutch shoe such that a bearing free of play is insured between the clutch shoes and the hub portion.
Abstract: A variable speed belt drive (1) having adjustable mass and moment of inertia camweights (40, 56) is shown for use primarily in conjunction with snowmobile, golf cart, all terrain vehicle and small automobile engines. In one version, the camweight (40) includes a series of perforations or score lines (47, 48, 49) surrounding a cross section of the camweight arm (45). The perforations define a volume that may be snapped or cut off of the arm (45) with a suitable tool. Also, a series of bores (52, 53, 54) are formed through the arm (45). In order to increase the mass of the arm (45), a molten metal or similar flowable material may be poured into one or more of the bores (52, 53) and allowed to cure. In another version of the invention, a reduced cross section arm (59) serves as a base onto which shims (64, 65, 66) are added or reoriented in order to achieve the desired mass and moment of inertia characteristics.
Abstract: A bi-directional centrifugal clutch is provided having a clutch drum, a driving clutch member adapted to be rotatably driven in first and second directions. Drive pins mounted on the driving clutch member are operable for driving the driven clutch member in both directions. First and second clutch shoes each define slots for receiving the drive pins. A plurality of friction surfaces on the clutch shoes are adapted to engage the clutch drum selectively in accordance with rotation of the drive clutch member in the first and second directions. Each slot has opposite slot ends engaged in accordance with rotation of the drive plate in the first and second directions. Each clutch shoe is configured to effect pivotal movement about one of the drive pins in response to centrifugal forces.
Abstract: A centrifugal clutch includes a spring consisting of a single wire member and adapted to hold a pair of clutch shoes in mutual relation to each other. With this simple structure, the centrifugal clutch helps to facilitate the production, assembly, etc. thereof and reduce the vibrations and noise during its operation. The spring, which consists of a single spring wire member, includes a pair of ring-shaped sections and a pair of clutch shoe holding sections extending in parallel each other and in opposite directions from each of the ring-shaped sections.
Abstract: A speed governor is enclosed within a generally cylindrical housing which defines an interior cylindrical surface. A rotor is rotatably supported within the enclosure of the housing and is coupled to a power coupling belt by a pulley formed in the rotor shaft. A pair of weighted arms are pivotally secured to the rotor forming a pair of centrifugal counterweights. A coil spring is commonly coupled between the counterweights to provide a drawing force urging the counterweights to a collapsed inward position. Each counterweight supports a friction pad on its outer surface facing the cylindrical surface of the governor housing.
February 7, 1992
Date of Patent:
January 25, 1994
Frank Reynoso, T. Scott Engle, Gabriel Marason, Jr., Frederic A. Schwager
Abstract: An automatic transmission having a plurality of driving gears which are individually and selectedly placed in driving engagement with a drive shaft dependent upon the speed of rotation of the drive shaft. The method of automatically engaging and disengaging the drive coupling between a drive gear and the drive shaft is such as to permit the drive shaft to free wheel whenever the rotation of the drive gear is retarded or stopped. The releasable coupling is achieved by centrifugally actuated pawls which selectedly engage in detent notches about the inner diameter of the drive gears and which pawls automatically retract and disengage from these notches when the drive gears are retarded or stopped.
Abstract: A progressive clutch includes a centrifugal clutch 10 attached to a drive shaft and inserted into a clutch housing assembly 16 to engage with clutch material 28 during low rpm operation. As the rpm of the input drive shaft 2 increases, the centrifugal force on pellets 32 overcomes the force of compression springs 34, and extension springs 40 pull a pin engagement assembly 30 towards the clutch housing assembly 16 thus engaging pins 38 into elongated holes 42 to provide positive drive from the drive shaft 2 to the driven shaft 21.
November 24, 1989
Date of Patent:
September 17, 1991
United Technologies Corporation
James P. Cycon, Vincent F. Millea, Peter G. Sanders
Abstract: A centrifugal clutch apparatus includes an annular adapter assembly adapted for colinear connection with a rotatable driving member, an independent pulley member connected with a colinearly arranged driven member having an annular portion extending toward the adapter assembly, and centrifugal weight members connected with the adapter assembly for engagement with the inner surface of the annular portion when the rotational velocity of the driving member exceeds a given value, the adapter assembly including at least one vibration dampening device including an annular resilient member connected between annular inner and outer concentrically-arranged portions of the adapter assembly for isolating the centrifugal weight members from the driving member.
December 26, 1989
Date of Patent:
September 17, 1991
Walter L. Dissett, James R. Bawks, Terry L. Kent
Abstract: A speed control apparatus for controlling the rate of motion of a door is disclosed which includes a shaft connected with the door by a gear train for causing rotation of the shaft at a preselected relative rate of rotation related to the rate of motion of the door by a preselected ratio, a braking assembly including a brake drum spaced from the shaft and first and second brake shoes pivotably connected at one end thereof with a carrying member attached to the shaft and having a single biasing spring adjustably connected between the other ends thereof, the brake shoes having a contact surface made of a non-asbestos friction material for contacting the brake drum when a selected rate of rotation of the shaft is exceeded, and an improved housing which is more efficiently sealable against invasion of moisture into the housing and the escape of lubricants from the housing.
Abstract: Disclosed is a centrifugal clutch of the type that includes a driving side member, a driven side member and a plurality of clutch shoes each having one end connected to the driving side member, the other end being capable of being friction-engaged with the driven side member, the driving side member and the clutch shoes being integrally formed using a high specific gravity resin type composite material.
Abstract: An energy source apparatus which will supply current and compressed air. The energy source apparatus has an engine, a drive shaft engaged to the engine, and a face plate that is bound to the drive shaft in order to rotate therewith. A clutch is pivotally mounted to the face plate such as to respond to centrifugal force. A second drive shaft has an end rotatably positioned within the clutch such that the outside circumferential surface of the end of the second drive shaft is engaged by inner clutch pads of the clutch. A third drive shaft has a hollow end which is positioned around the clutch apparatus such that when the engine rotates the face plate at high speeds, centrifugal force causes outer clutch pads of the clutch to engage with the hollow end of the third drive shaft. A generator is engaged to the third drive shaft to be driven thereby. An air compressor is engaged to the second drive shaft in order to be driven thereby too.
Abstract: A centrifugal clutch is disclosed in which a clutch boss rotatably supported to a drive side fixture has in its center an axial center hole. A clutch drum shaft has an inner end portion having an outer diameter somewhat smaller than an inner diameter of the center hole of the clutch boss. The inner end portion of the clutch drum shaft is arranged in the center hole of the clutch boss with a clearance. The driven side fixture and the drive side fixture are adjustable in relative position to each other.
Abstract: An improved clutch shoe of the type that is mounted on the rotor of a centrifugal clutch for coupling engagement with an outer clutch housing. The shoe is formed by two similar L-shaped shoe half sections which are stamped of sheet metal. Each shoe half section has an arcuate-shaped configuration comprising a web and an integral outer shoe table portion with an annular boss formed on each of the webs. A plurality of annular projections are formed to one of the shoe half webs and extend outwardly therefrom in a direction opposite from the annular boss formed on the web. The other shoe half web is formed with a plurality of holes into which the annular projections are press fitted to connect the two shoe halves together with the webs being placed in abutting relationship. The shoe half table portions lie in juxtaposition with respect to each other and form an outer shoe table on which a strip of friction material is attached.
Abstract: A centrifugal clutch comprises a driving plate having oppositely facing surfaces secured to an input shaft operatively connected to a driving source, a cylindrical bottomed drum detachably secured to an end, projecting from the input shaft, of an output shaft concentrically and relatively rotatably disposed within the input shaft, the cylindrical bottomed drum surrounding the driving plate, and a plurality of clutch springs each connected to each of a plurality of shoes which are supported on the plate for movement toward and away from an inner peripheral surface of the drum respectively by a plurality of stub shafts parallel to the input shaft, the clutch spring providing a spring force in a direction away from the inner peripheral surface of the drum.
Abstract: The invention is directed to a self regulating rotor for a centrifugal clutch. The rotor is designed to reduce the clearance between the rotor and the the drum by being stressed above its elastic limit as speeds above the normal engagement speed whereby any enlargement of the rotor diameter that occurs above the eleastic limit results in a permanent set.
Abstract: The invention is directed to a rotor for a centrifugal clutch of the type where the rotor resides inside a drum and engages the drum above a predetermined speed. The rotor comprises a plurality of randomly oriented similar rotor elements each capable of expanding ourwardly independently of one another to engage the drum. The rotor elements are preferably stamped from sheet metal.
May 11, 1987
Date of Patent:
September 20, 1988
Lakhbir S. Suchdev, Jack E. Campbell, Li-Hsiung Liu
Abstract: A clutch having a starter clutch mechanism and a manual clutch mechanism combined on a driven shaft. The starter clutch mechanism is positioned within a clutch outer of the manual clutch and operates through a cam to transmit relative rotational motion into axial motion for actuating the main clutch. The relative rotational motion is experienced when the starter clutch mechanism reaches the appropriate speed for engagement. A throw-out linkage is provided outwardly of the main clutch and actuates the thrust plate through the center of the main clutch inner. Thus, the starter clutch mechanism, the cam shaft and the thrust plate may be located inwardly of the main clutch mechanism within a cylindrical clutch outer closed at one end.
Abstract: A centrifugal clutch in which a centrifugal weight is formed separately from two engaging members which are disposed for frictional engagement with each other, the centrifugal weight being displaceable in response to centrifugal force produced therein to cause one of the engaging members to engage with the other or disengage therefrom. When the centrifugal force of the centrifugal weight is smaller than a predetermined value, the two engaging members are kept in one state of engagement and disengagement, and instantly after the centrifugal force has reached the above determined value, the engaging members are shifted into the other state of engagement and disengagement. Further, the centrifugal clutch is provided with a hysteresis characteristic that the engaging rotational speed and the disengaging rotational speed are different from each other.
Abstract: A coupling mechanism including a fluid coupling device having input and output elements, and a centrifugal type lock-up clutch for releasably engaging the input and output elements, characterized in that the lock-up clutch comprises: a cylindrical inner surface formed on the input element; a drive plate provided with friction elements displaceable in a radially outward direction for engagement with the cylindrical inner surface, and cam weights for urging the friction elements in a radially outward direction; a driven plate coupled with the output element; a damper of a resilient material provided between the drive and driven plates; and a cam surface for urging the cam weights in a radially outward direction according to the degree of relative displacement between the drive and driven plates.
Abstract: A centrifugal type friction clutch, comprising: a first rotary coupling member provided with a plural number of friction element support means on the outer peripheral portions thereof; a second rotary coupling member having a cylindrical inner peripheral surface disposed coaxially with the outer periphery of the first rotary coupling member and provided with a frictional engaging surface thereon; and friction coupling elements respectively supported by the friction element support means and displaceable radially outward according to the rotational speed of the first rotary coupling member for engagement with the frictional engaging surface of the second rotary coupling member; each one of the friction coupling elements comprising an arcuate friction shoe with a frictional engaging surface on the outer periphery thereof, a resilient retractor means located between the friction shoe and friction element support means, and a cam means pivotally supported on the first rotary coupling member for pressing the frict
Abstract: A fan clutch having an engaged and disengaged mode of operation comprising: a plurality of centrifugal force responsive friction shoes for drivingly engaging an engagement surface; of the engagement and disengagement of the friction shoes controlled by plurality to disks, one of the disks rotatable relative to the other disk.
Abstract: A centrifugal clutch has a carrier and at least two centrifugal weights which are each connected to the carrier by means of at least one spring. These centrifugal weights are pivotally mounted on the carrier and are preloaded radially inwardly with respect to the carrier by means of the springs. In this way, the centrifugal weights have a defined pivot axis so that they can pivotally move from their rest position to the coupling position when the rotational speed exceeds a predetermined speed above no-load speed. By preloading the centrifugal weights, the latter are prevented from pivoting outwardly at speeds below no-load speed so that the centrifugal weights do not strike the clutch drum at rotational speeds beneath a predetermined value.
Abstract: A buffer or damping device affixable as a unit to a rotating gear 22. The buffer includes a first gear 2, 3 engaging the rotating gear and a geared one-way clutch 4. The clutch is linked to a worm 7c on a shaft 7. A damping member 8 is fixed to the shaft and it expands under rotation to frictionally contact a sliding contact member 6 to thereby damp the rotation of the rotating member. All elements are enclosed in a case 1 and cover 9, except a portion of the first gear.
Abstract: A means for operating a washing machine transmission in a neutral state is provided which includes a reversible drive gear for driving the transmission in a first agitate direction and an opposite spin direction. A drive pawl is pivotally mounted on the drive gear and has an arcuate channel formed in an upper flat surface. Pawl retaining means, being a circular keeper plate with downwardly extending keeper fingers selectively movable into the channel in the pawl causes the transmission to operate in the neutral state when the fingers are in the channel and when the drive gear is rotating in the spin direction.
Abstract: A rotational speed number controlling device for automatic transmissions for changing speeds by automatically changing a plurality of centrifugal clutches in response to the number of revolutions of the engine wherein a sliding piece is connected to a rotary shaft to which the rotation of a low speed side centrifugal clutch is to be transmitted so as to be able to transmit rotations and to be slidable in the axial direction in response to the driving torque so that the number of engaging rotations of a high speed side centrifugal clutch may be varied by the sliding of the above mentioned sliding piece caused in response to the driving torque. For example, in the case of a quick acceleration at the time of the second speed running in an automatic three-speed transmission, the high speed side centrifugal clutch may not be immediately engaged but the second speed state may be maintained until a sufficient acceleration and then the high speed side centrifugal clutch may be engaged.
Abstract: A centrifugal clutch for power saws. The clutch includes a rotating driven centrifugal weight carrier, and a clutch drum which is concentric to the axis of rotation of the carrier. At least one centrifugal weight engages the clutch drum at predetermined speed of the carrier. The centrifugal weight is coupled with at least one return weight in such a manner that the return weight opposes the pressing force of the centrifugal weight when the speed increases over a certain level.
Abstract: A belt carriage is movable along a vehicle body mounted track to move an occupant restraint belt between an occupant restraint position and a stowed position permitting occupant ingress and egress. A plastic drive tape is attached to the carriage and has perforations which mesh with a toothed tape drive gear for driving the drive tape and carriage back and forth along the track. An electric motor and a speed reduction gear unit are connected to the tape drive gear by a clutch which couples with the drive gear only when the electric motor is energized so that whenever the electric motor is not energized the occupant may grip the belt carriage and manually move the belt carriage and the drive tape to move the restraint belt between the occupant restraint and stowed positions independently of the motor. The clutch is preferably a centrifugal clutch in which clutch pawls are thrown outwardly by centrifugal force to engage with the tape drive gear when the motor is energized.
Abstract: This torsion damping device comprises two coaxial parts, namely a hub (10) and a hub disc (11), fitted mutually rotatably within the limits of a definite angular play and counter to springs (16). The torsion damping device also comprises at least one locking element (22, 40, 55, 66, 74) which is sensitive to centrifugal force and which is reversibly movable between a position for which, inoperative, the locking element permits freedom of action to the springs (16), and a position for which, producing an abutment of the hub disc (11) against the hub (10), the locking element renders the springs (16) inoperative. Application of the torsion damping device is especially to clutch friction plates for motor vehicles.
Abstract: A power transmission for a two-wheeled vehicle includes a variable-diameter drive pulley mechanism (2) mounted on a drive shaft (1) connected to an engine (E), a variable-diameter driven pulley mechanism (22) mounted on a driven shaft (18) operatively coupled with a driven wheel (W), and a clutch (36) mounted coaxially on the driven shaft (18) and operatively connected to the driven pulley mechanism (22). The drive and driven pulley mechanisms (2,22) are interconnected by a V-belt (7). The drive and driven pulley mechanisms (2,22) have axially movable members (5,24) located on opposite sides of the V-belt (7) adjacent to the engine (E) and the clutch (36) to allow parallel displacement of the V-belt (7) during the changing of the diameters of the pulley mechanisms (2,22), to prevent belt twisting or distortion and to prevent the belt (7) and pulley mechanisms (2,22) from being loaded while the vehicle is moved around with the engine (E) turned off.
May 20, 1980
Date of Patent:
August 24, 1982
Honda Giken Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha
Nobuo Anno, Haruki Okui, Kuniyuki Yamamoto, Kunio Miyazaki
Abstract: A centrifugal type oil filter for the engine, which is simple in construction, comprising a crank shaft of the engine, a clutch having a driving plate mounted on the crank shaft so that it may be rotated with the crank shaft, and oil passage axially formed within the crank shaft, and a bowl-shaped filter cap secured to one side of the driving plate to interiorly define, in cooperation with the side of the driving plate, a centrifugal separating chamber disposed in the midst of the oil passage. The clutch is in the form of a centrifugal clutch comprising clutch shoes radially expandably connected to the driving plate by oscillating links and a clutch drum disposed radially outwardly of the clutch shoes and adapted to be frictionally connected to the clutch shoes when the latter are expanded under centrifugal force. A resilient member is interposed between the clutch shoes and the filter cap to restrain the lateral oscillation of the clutch shoes.
Abstract: A centrifugal clutch includes a drive shaft to which a first sheave half is fixed and on which a second sheave half is axially shiftably mounted. The second sheave half forms part of a housing including a cover which is secured to an annular rim of the second sheave half by fasteners which also serve to serve to hold a plurality of equiangularly spaced ramp or cam elements against respective seats provided on support ribs forming an integral part of the second sheave half.
Abstract: A two-speed clutch arrangement is disclosed in which an input shaft is drivingly connected to an output drum through a system of clutch shoes so as to alternatively produce direct drive of the output drum, a reduced speed drive, or a neutral condition in which drive is not transmitted to the output drum. The clutch system includes centrifugally actuated primary clutch shoes driven by the input shaft and establishing drive to an inner drum, and two different sets of friction clutches interposed between the inner drum and the output drum. The first set produces a slipping or low speed drive of the output drum, while the second direct drive set controllably establishes direct or high speed drive. Shifting of the clutch arrangement is carried out by a trigger actuator, which activates clutch trigger arrangements associated with the primary clutch shoes and the direct drive clutch set.
Abstract: An automatic two-way centrifugal clutch having a pair of clutch members mounted for pivotal movement on a rotating drive member is disclosed. Each clutch member has a first state in which driven surfaces are in contact with a clutch drum interior friction drive surface; a second state in which the clutch members are out of contact with the drum frictional drive surface; and a third state in which clutch driving surfaces are in driving contact with the frictional drive surface. At least two spring members are connected between the clutch members, the springs urging, when the speed of rotation of the drive member is below a first selected speed, the clutch driven surfaces against the frictional drive surface.
Abstract: A centrifugal clutch has a pair of clutch shoes pivotally mounted on a pivot collar for outward movement under the influence of centrifugal force to drivingly engage a concentrically mounted clutch housing. Extension springs bias the swinging ends of the clutch shoes toward retracted position. The pivot collar has a hollow cylindrical sleeve with a pair of nearly cylindrical projections mounted diagonally opposite of each other on the external surface of the sleeve. The cylindrical projections are similar to and are located parallel with each other and to the axis of the sleeve and have cylindrical circumferences greater than 180.degree. and less than 360.degree.. The imaginary circumferences of the outer surfaces of the projections lie in an overlapping or abutting relationship with the imaginary circumference of the outer surface of the sleeve.
Abstract: An improved pivotal mounting assembly, preferably for use with a centrifugal clutch for pivotally mounting the clutch shoes, has a plastic insert which forms either a sector-like portion of a usual cylindrical-shaped, metallic pivot pin, or a portion of the clutch shoe which forms a pivot pin receiving opening. The plastic insert will have an outer convex surface when forming a part of a cylindrical pivot pin or will have a concave surface when forming a part of the clutch shoe. Preferably the convex and concave surfaces will have arcuate lengths of approximately 120.degree.. The plastic insert provides a low-friction pivotal bearing surface for the clutch shoe, which will absorb many of the forces and stresses exerted on the pivot assembly upon coupling engagement of the clutch shoes with a driven drum. The supporting metal areas of the pivot pin or clutch shoe adjacent the plastic strip provides the mechanical strength for the strip.
Abstract: A drive assembly particularly suited for washing machines includes a varie speed motor having a motor shaft rotatably supported in two motor housing flanges and a planetary gearing with a sun gear provided on the motor shaft and with a ring gear arranged on an adjacent motor housing flange. A carrier gear of the planetary gearing is separately rotatably supported on a hollow shaft coaxial with the motor shaft and rotatably supported thereon with the hollow shaft being coupled in fixed driving engagement with a driven member of the assembly. The driven member may be driven for high speed operation directly by the motor shaft through a centrifugal friction clutch operatively coupled therebetween. Low speed drive occurs from the motor shaft through the planetary gearing, the overrunning clutch and the hollow shaft and when a certain minimum speed is reached the centrifugal clutch engages causing the driven member to drive the hollow shaft and thereby effect disengagement of the overrunning clutch.
Abstract: A clutch construction has an improved arrangement for pivotally mounting a pair of centrifugally actuated clutch shoes on the drive rotor assembly of the clutch. A backing plate and drive flange are mounted in a spaced axial relationship with respect to each other on a hub of the rotor assembly for rotation with the hub which is adapted to be mounted on a drive shaft of a prime mover. A clutch housing is rotatably mounted on the hub by a bearing ring and is driven by the clutch shoes upon a predetermined shaft speed being reached. A pair of openings are formed in the backing plate located diametrically opposite of each other and are axially aligned with a pair of similar openings formed in the drive flange. A resilient bushing is telescopically mounted in each of the backing plate and drive flange openings to provide a shock-absorbing effect between the clutch shoes pivot pins and the drive flange to prevent fracture of the drive flange.
Abstract: A clothes washing machine of the type having recirculation of water from a tub into a perforated basket within which the clothes are received with a mechanically delayed action clutch driving both the agitator during wash and rinse cycles, and the basket during spin cycles. The mechanical delay in the case of the wash or rinse cycles enables a recirculation pump to bring the water level in the basket to the operating level after the machine fill prior to initiation of agitator drive. In the case of the spin cycle, the water level is reduced by a drain pump during the delay interval prior to initiation of the basket spin. The mechanical delay is introduced by a retarding action on the centrifugal drive clutch whereby after start of rotation of the drive motor, the full engagement of the centrifugally actuated clutch is delayed by a rotary damping action consisting of a washer caused to rotate through a volume of silicone liquid enclosed in a container.
Abstract: The disclosure provides for a number of improvements in a brake-clutch mechanism wherein a drum is carried on the drive member for driving engagement by clutch shoes carried by the driven member. The clutch shoes are normally biased into driving engagement with the drum and a brake band is utilized to move the clutch shoes out of engagement with the drum and to stop rotation of the driven member without interrupting the rotation of the drive member. The improvements relate to a higher torque capability for the mechanism, the exclusion of foreign matter from the mechanism, the mounting for the brake band, the use of the brake band to aid in keeping the braking surfaces clean, and provision for cut-off of the power source in the event the brake band should fail. The disclosure further contemplates a novel arrangement for driving and controlling the chain sprocket of a chain saw.
Abstract: A centrifugal clutch having a drive flange mounted on a hub which is adapted to be mounted on a driving shaft. A pair of clutch shoes is pivotally mounted at diagonally opposite ends of the shoes on the drive flange by a pair of pins which extend axially outwardly from the drive flange in a cantilever manner, with the clutch shoes being mounted in end-to-end relationship with respect to each other. Extension springs bias the swinging ends of the clutch shoes toward retracted position. The clutch shoes are adapted to move outwardly under the influence of centrifugal force and overcome the biasing effect of the springs to drivingly engage a concentrically mounted clutch housing. A plurality of weight plates may be mounted on the webs of the clutch shoes to provide various operating characteristics without changing the basic clutch construction.
Abstract: A centrifugal clutch is disclosed characterized by the use of an electromagnet to disengage a driven output load from a driving input member. In the clutch assembly, a rotatable output load is disposed about a rotatable drive shaft that carries centrifugal-responsive friction shoes. The shoes contain a magnetic pole an under centrifugal force move radially outwardly during rotation of the shaft to engage frictionally the output load for common rotation. A stationary electromagnetic coil disposed between the shaft and friction shoes attracts the shoes upon energization away from the output load to interrupt the frictional drive connection.
Abstract: A novel torque exchange coupling for transmitting rotational mechanical power is described. The coupling includes a torque receiving member, a torque transmitting member and means for conveying rotational mechanical power between the torque transmitting and receiving members. Typically, the torque receiving member is a housing, a cam or other suitable structure which has a surface comprising a circuitous track. The linear circumference of the track is undulant with respect to its axis of rotation. The torque transmitting member is any suitable rotatable mounting means such as a rotor which is positioned in a rotational power conveying relationship with the undulant track of the torque receiving member. Alternatively, the function of the torque receiving and torque transmitting members can be reversed.
Abstract: A centrifugal clutch has an axially extending hub formed with a central bore for receiving and mounting the clutch on a drive shaft. A drive flange is attached to the hub for rotation with the hub when it is rotated by the drive shaft. A pair of clutch shoes is pivotally mounted on the drive flange in an end-to-end relationship with respect to each other by a pair of pivot pins. Extension springs bias the swinging ends of the clutch shoes toward retracted position. The clutch shoes are adapted to move outwardly under the influence of centrifugal force and overcome the biasing effect of the springs to drivingly engage a concentrically mounted clutch housing. Each of the clutch shoes has an arcuate-shaped web and an outer shoe table with a strip of frictional material being mounted on the table.
Abstract: A multistage automatic countershaft transmission adapted for mutually independently shifting the first and second phases of the gears of a transmission to thereby effectuate a smooth gear change within a narrower range of speeds. The countershaft transmission gear is provided with a driving gear which is rotatably supported on a hub, connected to the drum of a gear change clutch, and in engagement with an idle gear supported on a countershaft upon which a countershaft wheel is fixed. The hub and the driven gear are firmly connected and rotatably supported on an output shaft. A carrier of shoes of a gear change clutch is fixed to the hub, the shoes being provided with one or more carrier elements and by means of the carrier elements engage a regulating carrier which is fixed to the output shaft and is provided with an engagement edge, a driving edge, and a rest surface.
Abstract: A multiclutch drive having an input connected in series by a centrifugally engaged clutch, an intermediate drive and a spring engaged manually disengaged friction clutch to drive the output and a one way clutch between the intermediate drive and input which is engaged when the intermediate drive speed exceeds the input speed. Manual disengagement of the friction clutch provides positive neutral. For normal drive, manual engagement permits the spring engagement of the friction clutch and manually increasing engine throttle and engine speed engages the centrifugal clutch for normal vehicle drive. For a push start the friction clutch is manually disengaged while bringing the vehicle up to starting speed and then engaged to drive the intermediate drive to engage the one way clutch to drive the input for engine starting. The clutches are structurally arranged with the centrifugal clutch hub and the inner race of the one way clutch fixed to the input shaft.