Polyhydroxy Alcohol Or Ether Derivative Thereof Patents (Class 203/64)
  • Patent number: 9315661
    Abstract: In the solution polymerization of ethylene co and homopolymers the solution leaving the reactor is heated to separate polymer from solvent and residual monomers. Fouling in the heat exchanger may be reduced by adding to the solution from 0.01 to 100 ppm by weight of a polyoxyalkylene compound of the formula HO—(CH2CH2O)M[CH2CH(CH3)O]N(CH2CH2O)PH wherein M, N and P each represent the average number of repeating units and M is from 0 to 20, N is from 2 to 50 and P is from 0 to 20 and passing the solution through a heat exchanger to increase its temperature by at least 20° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 11, 2015
    Date of Patent: April 19, 2016
    Assignee: NOVA Chemicals (International) S.A.
    Inventors: Philippa Hocking, Fazle Sibtain, Eric Cheluget
  • Patent number: 8906205
    Abstract: A process for separating ethylene glycol and 1,2-butanediol. A material flow containing ethylene glycol and 1,2-butanediol gets into the lower-middle part of the azeotropic rectification column C3 after the light components are removed by the separating columns C1 and C2, wherein the ethylene glycol and the azeotropic agent added from the top of the column form azeotrope which is distilled out from the top of the column and gets into the phase separator D1 after being condensed, the upper phase enriched with azeotropic agent after the phase was separated returns to the top of the column to continue to participate in azeotropy, and the lower phase enriched with ethylene glycol gets into the fourth separating column C4 to be refined to obtain the ethylene glycol product.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 8, 2013
    Date of Patent: December 9, 2014
    Assignees: China Petroleum & Chemical Corporation, Shanghai Research Institute of Petrochemical Technology SINOPEC
    Inventors: Jian Xiao, Yanzi Guo
  • Patent number: 8900417
    Abstract: This invention provides a method for purifying HFO-1234yf by removing HF from a mixture of HFO-1234yf and HF under simple and economically advantageous conditions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 21, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 2, 2014
    Assignee: Daikin Industries, Ltd.
    Inventors: Takehiro Chaki, Kazuhiro Takahashi
  • Patent number: 8663461
    Abstract: Solvent regeneration to recover a polar hydrocarbon (HC) selective solvent substantially free of hydrocarbons (HCs) and other impurities from a solvent-rich stream containing selective solvent, heavy HCs, and polymeric materials (PMs) generated from reactions among thermally decomposed or oxidized solvent, heavy HCs, and additives is provided. A combination of displacement agent and associated co-displacement agent squeezes out the heavy HCs and PMs from the extractive solvent within a solvent clean-up zone. Simultaneously, a filter equipped with a magnetic field is positioned in a lean solvent circulation line to remove paramagnetic contaminants. The presence of the co-displacement agent significantly enhances the capability of the displacement agent in removing the heavy HCs and PMs from the extractive solvent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 3, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 4, 2014
    Assignees: AMT International, Inc., CPC Corporation, Taiwan
    Inventors: Fu-Ming Lee, Tzong-Bin Lin, Kuang-Yeu Wu, Jyh-Haur Hwang, Tsung-Min Chiu, Jeng-Cheng Lee, Han-Tjen Jan, Yuan-Fu Sun
  • Patent number: 8628849
    Abstract: The subject of the present invention is a method for preparing pyrocatechol from which the impurities resulting from the method for the preparation thereof have been removed. The method for preparing purified pyrocatechol from a crude pyrocatechol containing essentially pyrocatechol, small amounts of impurities including dihydroxybenzoquinone, and traces of hydroquinone and of phenolic compounds, is characterized in that it comprises at least the following steps: dissolution of the crude pyrocatechol in water, crystallization of the pyrocatechol, separation of the purified pyrocatechol and, optionally, a step of drying the purified pyrocatechol. The method of the invention may include other steps and, depending on the embodiment chosen, that may comprise a different series of steps, it is possible to obtain pyrocatechol with various degrees of purity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 17, 2008
    Date of Patent: January 14, 2014
    Assignee: Rhodia Operations
    Inventor: Jean-Claude Masson
  • Patent number: 8584374
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for removing water from a mixture containing at least one compound having at least one group reactive towards isocyanate and containing water, the mixture being applied to the surface of a rotating body A, the mixture flowing over the surface of the rotating body A to an outer region of the surface of the rotating body A and water evaporating from the mixture. In particular, this method is suitable for removing water from alcohols and amines.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 28, 2009
    Date of Patent: November 19, 2013
    Assignee: Construction Research & Technology GmbH
    Inventors: Simone Klapdohr, Burkhard Walther, Helmut Mack, Zhizhong Cai, Laurent Marc, Jochen Mezger, Tobias Austermann, Silke Flakus
  • Publication number: 20130105296
    Abstract: This invention provides a method for purifying HFO-1234yf by removing HF from a mixture of HFO-1234yf and HF under simple and economically advantageous conditions.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 21, 2011
    Publication date: May 2, 2013
    Applicant: DAIKIN INDUSTRIES, LTD.
    Inventors: Takehiro Chaki, Kazuhiro Takahashi
  • Patent number: 8262867
    Abstract: Compounds, synthesis of, and methods for synthesizing metal alkoxide derivatives; and metal alkoxide derivatives for use as flame retardants are described. Group 13 metal alkoxides having flame retardant properties may be prepared by reacting the periodic table group 13 metalloid or metal trihydroxide with an alcohol.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 25, 2010
    Date of Patent: September 11, 2012
    Assignee: Auterra, Inc.
    Inventors: Partha S. Dutta, Sarah L. Lewis, Kyle E. Litz, Mark N. Rossetti, Tracey M. Jordan, Jennifer L. Vreeland
  • Patent number: 8172987
    Abstract: An energy-efficient extractive distillation process for producing anhydrous ethanol from aqueous/ethanol feeds containing any range of ethanol employs an extractive distillation column (EDC) that operates under no or greatly reduced liquid reflux conditions. The EDC can be incorporated into an integrated process for producing anhydrous ethanol used for gasoline blending from fermentation broth. By using a high-boiling extractive distillation solvent, no solvent, is entrained by the vapor phase to the EDC overhead stream, even under no liquid reflux conditions. The energy requirement and severity of the EDC can be further improved by limiting ethanol recovery in the EDC. In this partial ethanol recovery design, ethanol which remains in the aqueous stream from the EDC is recovered in a post-distillation column or the aqueous stream is recycled to a front-end pre-distillation column where the ethanol is readily recovered since the VLE curve for ethanol/water is extremely favorable for distillation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 17, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 8, 2012
    Assignees: AMT International Inc., CPC Corporation, Taiwan
    Inventors: Fu-Ming Lee, Tzong-Bin Lin, Jyh-Haur Hwang, Hung-Chung Shen, Kuang-Yeu Wu, Lindsey Vuong, Fong-Cheng Su, Po-Sung Cheng, Tai-Ping Chang
  • Patent number: 8163139
    Abstract: Processes comprising: providing a mixture comprising monoethylene glycol and diethylenetriamine; and subjecting the mixture to extractive distillation with a diethylenetriamine-selective solvent comprising triethylene glycol to provide a first stream comprising monoethylene glycol and a second stream comprising diethylenetriamine; wherein the first stream is substantially free of diethylenetriamine, and wherein the second stream is substantially free of monoethylene glycol.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 8, 2007
    Date of Patent: April 24, 2012
    Assignee: BASF SE
    Inventors: Karin Pickenäcker, Johann-Peter Melder, Bram Willem Hoffer, Thomas Krug, Gunther van Cauwenberge, Frank-Friedrich Pape
  • Patent number: 8002953
    Abstract: An energy-efficient extractive distillation process for producing anhydrous ethanol from aqueous/ethanol feeds containing any range of ethanol employs an extractive distillation column (EDC) that operates under no or greatly reduced liquid reflux conditions. The EDC can be incorporated into an integrated process for producing anhydrous ethanol used for gasoline blending from fermentation broth. By using a high-boiling extractive distillation solvent, no solvent is entrained by the vapor phase to the EDC overhead stream, even under no liquid reflux conditions. The energy requirement and severity of the EDC can be further improved by limiting ethanol recovery in the EDC. In this partial ethanol recovery design, ethanol which remains in the aqueous stream from the EDC is recovered in a post-distillation column or the aqueous stream is recycled to a front-end pre-distillation column where the ethanol is readily recovered since the VLE curve for ethanol/water is extremely favorable for distillation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 13, 2007
    Date of Patent: August 23, 2011
    Assignees: AMT International Inc., CPC Corporation, Taiwan
    Inventors: Fu-Ming Lee, Kuang-Yeu Wu, Lindsey Vuong, Fong-Cheng Su, Tzong-Bin Lin, Jyh-Haur Hwang, Hung-Chung Shen, Po-Sung Cheng, Tai-Ping Chang
  • Patent number: 7959767
    Abstract: The invention concerns the use of at least one diol and/or of at least one trial as a an additive to dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO®) in order to lower the crystallization point of same. The DMSO formulation is used in combination with the aforementioned additive as a paint-stripping composition, a surface-cleaning composition, a graffiti-cleaning composition, a surface-cleaning composition in the microelectronics field as a photoresist stripping agent, a DMSO-based agrochemical composition or as a constituent of an aforementioned composition, as a solvent for dissolving polymers, or as a constituent of a composition that is usable in the field of cosmetology or pharmacy.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 28, 2008
    Date of Patent: June 14, 2011
    Assignee: Arkema France
    Inventors: Jean-Pierre Lallier, Fabienne LeVilain
  • Patent number: 7332070
    Abstract: A specific nonionic surfactant is added to a component mainly comprising hydrocarbons before passing through a heat exchanger in a petrochemical plant or a polyolefin production plant, whereby fouling of the heat exchanger can be efficiently prevented, that is, the performance of the heat exchanger can be prevented from being deteriorated, and long-term operation is feasible without sacrificing the speed of production. The nonionic surfactant is preferably a polyoxyalkylene compound represented by the general formula [I] below, more preferably a compound represented by the general formula [II] below. R1—O—[CH2—CH(R3)—O]k—R2[I] wherein R1, R2 and R3 are selected from a hydrogen atom, a C1 to C20 alkyl group, a C6 to C20 aryl group and a C1 to C20 acyl group, and may be the same or different from each other. HO—(CH2CH2O)m—[CH2CH(CH3)O]n—(CH2CH2O)pH[II] wherein m, n and p each represent the average number of repeating units, and m is in the range of 1 to 20, n is 2 to 50 and p is 1 to 20.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 15, 2004
    Date of Patent: February 19, 2008
    Assignee: Mitsui Chemicals, Inc.
    Inventors: Hiroto Nishida, Kouji Kishinami, Tomohiro Arase
  • Patent number: 7285187
    Abstract: A process for purifying propylene oxide characterized by subjecting a liquid reaction mixture containing propylene oxide, and water, hydrocarbons and oxygen-containing organic compounds as impurities obtained by reacting cumene hydroperoxide with propylene to extractive distillation using an extractant of a hydrocarbon having 7 to 20 carbon atoms with an extractive distillation column, and controlling a concentration of propylene glycol in the extractant supplied to the extractive distillation column to 20% by weight or less.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 7, 2003
    Date of Patent: October 23, 2007
    Assignee: Sumitomo Chemical Company, Limited
    Inventors: Noriaki Oku, Toshio Nakayama, Koji Shinohara
  • Patent number: 7182841
    Abstract: This invention concerns a process for removing carbonyl-containing impurities from impure extractive distillation solvent such as a glycol, comprising: contacting the impure extractive distillation solvent with an acidic ion exchange resin. The purified extractive distillation solvent can be recycled for use as a solvent in an extractive distillation process that removes impurities from alkylene oxide. The extractive distillation solvent can be ethylene glycol monomethyl ether (EGME) used to purify propylene oxide.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 23, 2003
    Date of Patent: February 27, 2007
    Assignee: Huntsman International LLC
    Inventors: John R. Sanderson, Mark Mueller, James P. Farone
  • Patent number: 7153397
    Abstract: A process for the purification of fluoromethyl hexafluoroisopropyl ether which comprises contacting a crude composition comprising fluoromethyl hexafluoroisopropyl ether and hexafluoroisopropyl alcohol with a modifier in the presence of which the vapor pressure of the ether and/or the alcohol is modified whereby the difference in vapor pressure of the ether and the alcohol increases relative to the difference in vapor pressure of the ether and alcohol in the absence of the modifier and separating the ether from the alcohol.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 21, 2001
    Date of Patent: December 26, 2006
    Assignee: Ineos Fluor Holdings Limited
    Inventors: Andrew Paul Sharratt, Lee Colin Draper
  • Patent number: 7141641
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for continuously producing an alkyl aryl ether and a diaryl carbonate by reacting a dialkyl carbonate and an aromatic alcohol in presence of a transesterification catalyst.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 26, 2003
    Date of Patent: November 28, 2006
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Vutukuru Lakshmi Narasimha Murthy, Ignacio Fernandez Vic, Ganesh Kailasam, Alberto Nisoli
  • Patent number: 7128815
    Abstract: Process for recovery of highly pure acrylonitrile by quickly vaporizing under vacuum the contaminated acrylonitrile as well as fresh acrylonitrile followed by contacting with hydrophilic agents in an extractive distillation column using plural number of packed sections.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 25, 2003
    Date of Patent: October 31, 2006
    Assignee: Council of Scientific and Industrial Research
    Inventors: Prashant Purushottam Barve, Shrikant Madhukar Ghike, Ravindra William Shinde, Milind Yashwant Gupte, Chandrashekhar Narayan Joshi
  • Patent number: 7049450
    Abstract: A process for the purification of a crude propene oxide containing methanol and acetaldehyde by a continuously operated extractive distillation using an extraction solvent lowering the volatility of methanol and feeding a compound containing an unsubstituted NH2 group capable of reacting with acetaldehyde to a distillation column at a point above the feeding point of the crude propene oxide to give a purified propene oxide containing less than 100 ppm methanol and less than 100 ppm acetaldehyde. There is also disclosed a process for the catalytic epoxidation of propene that includes this purification stage.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 26, 2003
    Date of Patent: May 23, 2006
    Assignees: Degussa AG, UHDE GmbH
    Inventors: Willi Hofen, Thomas Haas, Wolfgang Wöll, Georg Thiele
  • Patent number: 6955744
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a process for the preparation of pure 2-chloro-5 -chloromethylthiazole by distillation in the presence of oligomeric polyethers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 30, 2001
    Date of Patent: October 18, 2005
    Assignee: Bayer CropScience AG
    Inventors: Matthias Decker, Dimitry Steinbach, Torsten Taschner
  • Patent number: 6863779
    Abstract: A process for the distillation of vinylaromatic monomers in the presence of 4-tert-butylcatechol (TBC) and oxygen, wherein no aromatic nitro or amino compound is present in any effective amount. The process is particularly suitable for destabilizing and purifying styrene which has been stabilized with 4-tert-butylcatechol (TBC) for transportation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 6, 2001
    Date of Patent: March 8, 2005
    Assignee: BASF Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Paulus Schmaus, Werner Georg Metzger
  • Publication number: 20040211658
    Abstract: This invention concerns a process for removing carbonyl-containing impurities from impure extractive distillation solvent such as a glycol, comprising: contacting the impure extractive distillation solvent with an acidic ion exchange resin. The purified extractive distillation solvent can be recycled for use as a solvent in an extractive distillation process that removes impurities from alkylene oxide. The extractive distillation solvent can be ethylene glycol monomethyl ether (EGME) used to purify propylene oxide.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 23, 2003
    Publication date: October 28, 2004
    Applicant: Huntsman Petrochemical Company
    Inventors: John R. Sanderson, Mark Mueller, James P. Farone
  • Publication number: 20040188236
    Abstract: Process for recovery of highly pure acrylonitrile by quickly vaporizing under vacuum the contaminated acrylonitrile as well as fresh acrylonitrile followed by contacting with hydrophilic agents in an extractive distillation column using plural number of packed sections.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 25, 2003
    Publication date: September 30, 2004
    Inventors: Prashant Purushottam Barve, Shrikant Madhukar Ghike, Ravindra William Shinde, Milind Yashwant Gupte, Chandrashekhar Narayan Joshi
  • Publication number: 20040124076
    Abstract: A process for the purification of fluoromethyl hexafluoroisopropyl ether which involves contacting a crude composition fluoromethyl hexafluoroisopropyl ether and hexafluoroisopropyl alcohol with a modifier to modify the vapour pressure of the ether and/or the alcohol. The difference in vapour pressure of the ether and the alcohol increases relative to the difference in vapour pressure of the ether and alcohol in the absence of the modifier and enables separation of the ether from the alcohol. The modifier suitably is ammonia and/or an amine.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 8, 2003
    Publication date: July 1, 2004
    Inventors: Andrew Paul Sharratt, Lee Colin Draper
  • Publication number: 20040011639
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a process for the preparation of pure 2-chloro-5-chloromethylthiazole (CCMT) by distillation with addition of oligomeric polyethers.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 3, 2003
    Publication date: January 22, 2004
    Inventors: Matthias Decker, Dimitry Steinbach, Torsten Taschner
  • Patent number: 6632330
    Abstract: A process for the recovery of substantially pure alkyl alkanoate, such as ethyl acetate, from an impure feedstock. The impure feedstock is contacted with a selective hydrogenation catalyst in the presence of hydrogen in a selective hydrogenation zone maintained under selective hydrogenation conditions effective for selective hydrogenation of impurities containing reactive carbonyl groups thereby to hydrogenate the impurities to the corresponding alcohols. After recovery from the selective hydrogenation zone of a selectively hydrogenated reaction product mixture including the alkyl alkanoate and the corresponding alcohols, this is distilled in one or more distillation zones so as to produce substantially pure alkyl alkanoate therefrom which is recovered.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 5, 2001
    Date of Patent: October 14, 2003
    Assignee: Davy Process Technology Limited
    Inventors: Stephen William Colley, Norman Harris, Colin Rathmell
  • Patent number: 6613197
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for isolation of a barely volatile organic compound in a sample suspected to contain the same, e.g. a dioxin, which includes continuously adding superheated steam and a volatile and hardly water-soluble/water-insoluble solvent to a liquid or solid sample suspected to contain said organic compound to be isolated, a solid sample being dissolved in said solvent which can dissolve said organic compound to be isolated, distilling off an azeotropic mixture of said organic compound and said solvent by steam distillation, separating a solvent phase of said solvent dissolving said organic compound and said water phase, and recovering quantitatively said organic compound from said solvent. The dioxins are then further subjected to analysis, for example, GC, HRGC-MS and the like.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 13, 2000
    Date of Patent: September 2, 2003
    Assignees: Laboratory of Creative Science Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Junichi Iwamura
  • Publication number: 20030116421
    Abstract: A process for reducing the level(s) of water and/or other impurities from cyclosiloxanes by either azeotropic distillation, or by contacting the cyclosiloxane compositions with an adsorbent bed material. The purified cyclosiloxane material is useful for forming low-dielectric constant thin films having dielectric constants of less than 3.0, more preferably 2.8 to 2.0.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 13, 2001
    Publication date: June 26, 2003
    Inventors: Chongying Xu, Thomas H. Baum, Alexander S. Borovik, Ziyun Wang, James T.Y. Lin, Scott Battle, Ravi K. Laxman
  • Patent number: 6582565
    Abstract: Disclosed is a process for the recovery and purification of 3,4-epoxy-1-butene (epoxybutene) from mixtures comprising epoxybutene and aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons containing five to seven carbon atoms having boiling points between about 20° C. and 115° C. by means of extractive distillation of the epoxybutene using certain extractive distillation solvents.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 17, 2002
    Date of Patent: June 24, 2003
    Assignee: Eastman Chemical Company
    Inventors: Scott Donald Barnicki, Robert Sterling Kline
  • Patent number: 6444096
    Abstract: A process for the recovery and purification of cyclobutanone from a crude product mixture obtained from an oxidation product mixture resulting from the oxidation of cyclobutanol to cyclobutanone in the presence of water. The process provides for the recovery of cyclobutanone in a purity of at least 90 weight percent by a combination of distillation steps.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 16, 2000
    Date of Patent: September 3, 2002
    Assignee: Eastman Chemical Company
    Inventors: Scott Donald Barnicki, Timothy Richard Nolen, Robert Sterling Kline, Dewey Wayne Fuller, Jr., Mary Kathleen Foster, Stephen Neal Falling
  • Publication number: 20020040845
    Abstract: A process for the distillation of vinylaromatic monomers in the presence of 4-tert-butylcatechol (TBC) and oxygen, wherein no aromatic nitro or amino compound is present in any effective amount. The process is particularly suitable for destabilizing and purifying styrene which has been stabilized with 4-tert-butylcatechol (TBC) for transportation.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 6, 2001
    Publication date: April 11, 2002
    Inventors: Paulus Schmaus, Werner Georg Metzger
  • Patent number: 6359155
    Abstract: An industrial advantage process for producing high-purity 3-hydroxytetrahydrofuran easily and simply, which comprises reducing a 4-halo-3-hydroxybutyric acid ester (1) with a boron hydride compound and/or an aluminum hydride compound as a reducing agent in an organic solvent immiscible with water; treating the reaction mixture with an acid and water to thereby effect conversion to the corresponding 4-halo-1,3-butanediol and at the same time giving an aqueous solution containing said compound; carrying out the cyclization reaction of the 4-halo-1,3-butanediol in said aqueous solution; extracting the resulting 3-hydroxytetrahydrofuran from the 3-hydroxytetrahydrofuran-containing aqueous solution using an organic solvent immiscible with water; and isolating the 3-hydroxytetrahydrofuran by concentration and/or distillation of the solution obtained.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 15, 2001
    Date of Patent: March 19, 2002
    Assignee: Kaneka Corporation
    Inventors: Koichi Kinoshita, Tadashi Moroshima, Yoshifumi Yanagida, Nobuo Nagashima, Yasuhiro Saka, Tatsuya Honda, Yoshihide Fuse, Yasuyoshi Ueda
  • Patent number: 6315868
    Abstract: A method of separating methanol and dimethyl carbonate in a distillation column through extractive distillation. The extractive distillation is conducted in the presence of an extractive distillation agent which modifies the azeotropic behavior of the dimethyl carbonate/methanol mixture. A vapor side stream is removed from the distillation column.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 26, 1999
    Date of Patent: November 13, 2001
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Alberto Nisoli, Stephan Mathijs Bouwens, Michael Francis Doherty, Michael Francis Malone
  • Publication number: 20010023819
    Abstract: Indene is produced from an indene-containing coal tar distillate by adding a glycol to the indene-containing coal tar distillate and then conducting azeotropic distillation to obtain an indene fraction while eliminating benzonitrile from the indene-containing coal tar distillate.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 25, 2001
    Publication date: September 27, 2001
    Applicant: ADCHEMCO Corporation
    Inventors: Hiroaki Mori, Youko Sugio
  • Patent number: 6042697
    Abstract: 9,11- Diene C18 fatty acid cannot be separated from 10,12-Diene C18 fatty acid by conventional rectification because of the proximity of their boiling points. 9,11-Diene C18 fatty acid can be readily separated from 10,12-Diene fatty acid by azeotropic distillation. Effective agents are propyl formate, butyl ether, methyl pivalate and cyclopentanone.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 30, 1999
    Date of Patent: March 28, 2000
    Inventor: Lloyd Berg
  • Patent number: 6039846
    Abstract: 3-Methyl-2-pentenal cannot be separated from 1-butanol by conventional rectification because of the proximity of their boiling points. 3-methyl-2-pentenal can be readily separated from n-butanol by azeotropic distillation. Effective agents are dimethoxymethane, petroleum ether and tetramethylortho-silicate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 22, 1999
    Date of Patent: March 21, 2000
    Inventor: Lloyd Berg
  • Patent number: 6024840
    Abstract: Propylene oxide obtained by an epoxidation process which uses methanol as a solvent may be effectively treated to remove acetaldehyde by subjecting the crude epoxidation reaction product to fractional distillation. The methanol solvent is utilized during such distillation to lower the relative volatility of the acetaldehyde impurity, thereby making it possible to obtain a bottoms fraction containing substantially all the acetaldehyde. Purified propylene oxide having a reduced acetaldehyde concentration is removed as an overhead stream. Water may also be effectively separated from the propylene oxide using this procedure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 8, 1997
    Date of Patent: February 15, 2000
    Assignee: Arco Chemical Technology, L.P.
    Inventor: Michael A. Rueter
  • Patent number: 6024841
    Abstract: 2-Methyl-1-butanol and 3-methyl-1-butanol are difficult to separate from 1 pentanol by conventional distillation or rectification because of the proximity of their boiling points. 2-Methyl-1-butanol and 3-methyl-1-butanol can be easily separated from 1-pentanol by extractive distillation. Effective agents are 3-carene, propylene glycol phenyl ether and dimethylsulfoxide.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 13, 1999
    Date of Patent: February 15, 2000
    Inventor: Lloyd Berg
  • Patent number: 6017423
    Abstract: 3-Methyl-2-pentenal cannot be separated from n-butanol by conventioal rectification because of the proximity of their boiling points. 3-methyl-2-pentenal can be readily separated from n-butanol by extractive distillation. Effective agents are 1-methyl-2-pyrrolidinone, 1,4-butanediol and phenol.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 23, 1999
    Date of Patent: January 25, 2000
    Inventor: Lloyd Berg
  • Patent number: 6004435
    Abstract: Cumene cannot be separated from 3-ethyl toulene by distillation because of the proximity of their boiling points. They are readily separated by azeotropic distillation. Effective agents are methyl salicylate, diethylene glycol butyl ether and 3-nitrotoluene.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 12, 1999
    Date of Patent: December 21, 1999
    Inventor: Lloyd Berg
  • Patent number: 6004434
    Abstract: A method of treating cleaning solvent used to clean mechanical parts. The method includes adding to the cleaning solvent a treating composition selected from the group of C.sub.5 -C.sub.14 alcohols, C.sub.2 -C.sub.8 dials, C.sub.10 -C.sub.14 polyols, and C.sub.4 -C.sub.14 glycol ethers, and mixtures thereof. A further embodiment includes the foregoing plus adding a clarifying agent from the group of aromatic, aliphatic and alkaryl sulfonic acids and sulfonic acid salts, esterified polyols, and alkyl phenol formaldehyde resins capped with alkoxy groups. The solvent is vaporized and condensed to effect recycling thereof without adding substituted quantities of treating composition to the solvent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 7, 1994
    Date of Patent: December 21, 1999
    Assignee: Safety-Kleen Corp.
    Inventor: Esfandiar Kiany
  • Patent number: 5972172
    Abstract: 1,2,4-Trimethylbenzene is difficult to separate from 1,2,3-trimethylbenzene by conventional distillation or rectification because of the proximity of their boiling points. 1,2,4-trimethylbenzene can be readily separated from 1,2,3-trimethylbenzene by extractive distillation. Effective agents are 3-nitrotoluene, m-cresol and sulfolane.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 23, 1996
    Date of Patent: October 26, 1999
    Inventor: Lloyd Berg
  • Patent number: 5961789
    Abstract: T-Amyl alcohol cannot be separated from n-butanol by distillation or rectification because of the closeness of their boiling points. T-Amyl alcohol is readily separated from n-butanol by extractive distillation. Effective agents are dimethylsulfoxide, N.N.dimethyl formamide and ethanolamine.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 2, 1998
    Date of Patent: October 5, 1999
    Inventor: Lloyd Berg
  • Patent number: 5958192
    Abstract: An extractive distillation agent used for the distillation of propylene oxide contaminated with water, acetone, acetaldehyde and methanol and consisting essentially of ethylene glycol monomethyl ether is fed to an extractive distillation column within about 2 to about 15 stages from the top of the tower to obtain an overhead distillate fraction consisting of essentially anhydrous propylene oxide contaminated with reduced quantities of acetone, acetaldehyde and methanol, and a heavier bottoms distillation fraction containing substantially all of the ethylene glycol monomethyl ether, water and acetone and some of the methanol introduced into the distillation column.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 27, 1997
    Date of Patent: September 28, 1999
    Assignee: Huntsman Specialty Chemicals Corporation
    Inventor: Peter Stephen Morford
  • Patent number: 5897750
    Abstract: Acetone cannot be separated from a mixture of isopropanol and water because of the closeness of their boiling points. Acetone can be easily separated from isopropanol and water by extractive distillation. Effective extractive agents are 1-nitropropane, 3-carene, dimethylsulfoxide and 3-pentanone.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 28, 1997
    Date of Patent: April 27, 1999
    Inventor: Lloyd Berg
  • Patent number: 5882485
    Abstract: A process for the separation of dimethyl ether and chloromethane in mixturesA process for the separation of dimethyl ether and chloromethane in mixtures by two distillation steps. In the first step, the mixture is subjected to an extractive distillation with water, aqueous salt solutions or organic liquids as extractant, the top product being chloromethane. In the second step, the dimethyl ether is separated from the extractant.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 23, 1997
    Date of Patent: March 16, 1999
    Assignee: Hoechst Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Peter Roth, Erhard Leistner, Hans Haverkamp, Wolfgang Wendel, Michael Kleiber
  • Patent number: 5876569
    Abstract: Methyl ethyl ketone cannot be separated from ethanol by distillation or rectification because of the closeness of their boiling points. Methyl ethyl ketone is readily separated from ethanol by extractive distillation. Effective agents are methyl benzoate, phenol, glycerol and nitroethane.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 29, 1998
    Date of Patent: March 2, 1999
    Inventor: Lloyd Berg
  • Patent number: 5876570
    Abstract: A purification process for cyclic formals, in which water is efficiently removed from a crude cyclic formal, namely, a mixture of a cyclic formal and water which is difficult to be separated from the mixture, thereby obtaining a cyclic formal of high purity which contains only a very small amount of water.The purification process for cyclic formals is characterized by the steps of supplying a mixture of a cyclic formal and water into a distillation tower, effecting distillation while supplying a hydrophilic solvent (A) having a boiling point from 180.degree. to 250.degree. C. into the distillation tower at a position higher than the supply position of the mixture, and taking out a purified cyclic formal as a distillate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 18, 1996
    Date of Patent: March 2, 1999
    Assignee: Hoechst Celanese Corporation
    Inventor: Hubert H. Thigpen
  • Patent number: 5863391
    Abstract: Acetaldehyde may be effectively removed from a contaminated methanol stream using a distillation method wherein a solvent stream containing a relatively heavy polar compound such as water or propylene glycol is utilized as an extractive distillation solvent. Following the separation of the polar compound from the bottoms stream obtained by extractive distillation, the purified methanol may be recycled for use as a reaction solvent in an olefin epoxidation process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 15, 1997
    Date of Patent: January 26, 1999
    Assignee: ARCO Chemical Technology, L.P.
    Inventors: Michael A. Rueter, John C. Jubin, Jr.
  • Patent number: 5840160
    Abstract: 3-Carene is difficult to separate from limonene by conventional distillation or rectification because of the proximity of their boiling points. 3-Carene can be readily separated from limonene by extractive distillation. Effective agents are o-cresol, 2,6-dimethyl-4-heptanone and triethylene glycol.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 6, 1996
    Date of Patent: November 24, 1998
    Inventor: Lloyd Berg