Electrical, Or Wave Energy In Magnetic Field Patents (Class 204/155)
  • Patent number: 11143304
    Abstract: Disclosed is a hermetically sealed assembly for precompression of a martinsetic metal for use in negative pressure energy transfer systems, and method of making same. The assembly comprising a martinsetic metal disposed between and in contact with sapphire windows. The assembly has an internal channel to accommodate expansion and contraction of the martinsetic metal. Hermetic sealing means including in different embodiments positive pressure fasteners and a bellows element are used at the periphery of the assembly to enable operation over temperature ranges from ambient to cryogenic without loss of integrity or leakage.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 22, 2017
    Date of Patent: October 12, 2021
    Inventor: Daniel Hiram Deeks
  • Patent number: 11105507
    Abstract: The procedure (1) for obtaining raw materials resulting from waste material comprises: the supply (A) of harmonic steel resulting from waste material and prepared in a skein to be treated (3); a heat treatment (B) of the skein to be treated (3) for obtaining a treated skein (3a);—a post-treatment (E) of the treated skein (3a) for obtaining steel reusable as raw material; where the heat treatment (B) comprises an inductive exposure step (B1) of the skein to be treated (3) to at least an alternate magnetic field for the induction in the skein to be treated (3) of alternate eddy currents adapted to raise the temperature of same.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 17, 2017
    Date of Patent: August 31, 2021
    Assignee: Ferram Recycling S.r.l.
    Inventors: Flavio Ferretti, Gaetano Vitarelli, Giancarlo Binacci, Luigi Nigrelli, Giorgio Baldinelli
  • Patent number: 11092057
    Abstract: An exhaust gas control apparatus for an internal combustion engine includes an electromagnetic wave output unit, an acquisition unit that acquires collection amounts of PM and substances other than PM based on a rotational speed and a fuel injection amount of the internal combustion engine, and a control unit that controls an output intensity of the electromagnetic wave output unit. The control unit causes electromagnetic waves to be output with a first output intensity when the collection amount of the substances other than PM becomes equal to or smaller than a predetermined threshold, and causes electromagnetic waves to be output with a second output intensity that is lower than the first output intensity when the collection amount of the substances other than PM becomes larger than the predetermined threshold, when the collection amount of PM has exceeded a permissible value of the collection amount of PM in the filter.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 18, 2020
    Date of Patent: August 17, 2021
    Inventor: Toru Uenishi
  • Patent number: 11058993
    Abstract: The present disclosure discloses a dry desulfurizing and denitrificating agent and its preparation method and applications. The desulfurizing and denitrificating agent is made of raw materials comprising the following components based on 100 parts by weight of the desulfurizing and denitrificating agent: 30-60 parts by weight of TiO2, 10-30 parts by weight of ZrO2, 2-10 parts by weight of V2O5, 2-10 parts by weight of CoO, 1-8 parts by weight of Co2O3, 2-10 parts by weight of Fe2O3, 5-15 parts by weight of MnO2, and 2-10 parts by weight of KMnO4. The desulfurizing and denitrificating agent of the present disclosure has a good catalytic oxidation performance on sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides of flue gas, and a high rate of desulfurization and denitrification.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 29, 2018
    Date of Patent: July 13, 2021
    Assignee: Environment Sustainable System Engineering Technology Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Shanghui Tong
  • Patent number: 10908237
    Abstract: An apparatus includes a magnetic apparatus that defines an actuation volume that is large enough to accommodate a sample, the magnetic apparatus including a magnet that is configured to create a magnetic field having a magnitude B in the sample when supplied with a DC current; at least one biological construct within the sample, the biological construct configured to change its status in response to a change in a property; and at least one magnetocaloric actuator coupled with the biological construct. A change in a characteristic in the actuation volume causes the property of the magnetocaloric actuator to change, which causes a change in the status of the biological construct.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 4, 2018
    Date of Patent: February 2, 2021
    Assignee: Howard Hughes Medical Institute
    Inventor: Mladen Barbic
  • Patent number: 10872924
    Abstract: A microarray and a method for forming the same are disclosed and the method includes the following steps. A solid matrix and a micro LED array is provided, wherein the solid matrix comprises a plurality of areas corresponding to a plurality of LEDs of the micro LED array. A monomer with a photolabile protecting group is formed in the plurality of areas respectively. At least one of the plurality of areas is irradiated by turning on the corresponding LED of the micro LED array, so as to eliminate the photolabile protecting group of the monomer in the at least one of the plurality of areas. A monomer is conjugated to the deprotected monomer in the at least one of the plurality of areas. The steps of irradiating and conjugating are repeated, so as to form probes in the plurality of areas respectively.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 27, 2018
    Date of Patent: December 22, 2020
    Assignee: Centrillion Technologies Taiwan Co. LTD.
    Inventors: Tzu-Kun Ku, Yao-Kuang Chung, Chun-Hao Chang
  • Patent number: 10737235
    Abstract: A device and a process to propagate molecular growth of hydrocarbons, either straight or branched chain structures, that naturally occur in the gas phase to a molecular size sufficient to shift the natural occurring phase to a liquid or solid state is provided. According to one embodiment, the device includes a grounded reactor vessel having a gas inlet, a liquid outlet, and an electrode within the vessel; a power supply coupled to the electrode for creating an electrostatic field within the vessel for converting the gas to a liquid and or solid state.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 26, 2018
    Date of Patent: August 11, 2020
    Assignee: PLASMERICA, LLC
    Inventors: Dennis Keith Manning, Arland H. Johannes
  • Patent number: 10662089
    Abstract: An efficient, cost-effective, and efficacious technique for removing coal ash and other pollutants from waterways, ponds, marshes, holding tanks and other water sources and supplies. An apparatus comprising an open cage including electromagnets and/or permanent magnets and/or electrodes is supplied with electrical power to extract materials such as rare earth elements and/or heavy metals. The materials levitate to the surface, forming a slurry while leaving water substantially free of such materials.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 19, 2019
    Date of Patent: May 26, 2020
    Assignee: FISHERH2O, LLC
    Inventor: David Keith Fisher
  • Patent number: 10654759
    Abstract: Methods and related systems for conditioning of granular fertilizers post-manufacture to reduce the generation of dust during handling, transport, and storage of the fertilizers, and/or to increase the agricultural benefits of the fertilizer. The method includes introducing a quantity of an aqueous conditioning agent, such as by spraying, to a plurality of fertilizer granules. The aqueous conditioning agent can include one or more beneficial agricultural and/or dedusting additives including one or more acidifying agents, one or more drying agents, one or more herbicides and/or pesticides, one or more chelating agents, one or more biological agents, and combinations thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 19, 2014
    Date of Patent: May 19, 2020
    Assignee: The Mosaic Company
    Inventors: Kathlene Laurie Jacobson, Bryan Todd Baylor, Lauren A. Balaban, Troy William Hobbs, Timothy Gene Holt
  • Patent number: 10641721
    Abstract: The claimed invention is an apparatus and method for performing impedance spectroscopy with a handheld measuring device. Conformal analyte sensor circuits comprising a porous nanotextured substrate and a conductive material situated on the top surface of the solid substrate in a circuit design may be used alone or in combination with a handheld potentiometer. Also disclosed are methods of detecting and/or quantifying target analytes in a sample using a handheld measuring device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 6, 2015
    Date of Patent: May 5, 2020
    Inventors: Shalini Prasad, Anjan Panneer Selvam
  • Patent number: 10610589
    Abstract: An apparatus and method is provided for healing and regeneration of live human and animal bodies and influencing interaction and intercommunication at the cellular level. The apparatus can include one or more environmental and/or body sensors. An electrical circuit can also be provided to produce a square or trapezoidal wave that is delivered to a transducer for application, preferably timed at specific frequencies Delta, Theta, Alpha, to Beta, based on information received from the one or more sensors. In certain embodiments, a DC power source can be provided which allows the apparatus to be portable. A wireless communication module can also be provided. An apparatus and method for structuring water is also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 10, 2018
    Date of Patent: April 7, 2020
    Inventors: Iulius Vivant Dutu, Sara Julia Dutu
  • Patent number: 10556230
    Abstract: The present invention provides a photocatalytic composition comprising: a photocatalyst; and an adsorbent material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 27, 2016
    Date of Patent: February 11, 2020
    Assignee: Nitto Denko Corporation
    Inventor: Takuya Fukumura
  • Patent number: 10476406
    Abstract: An electrostatic induction system includes used activated carbon as electron-collecting units, to which electrons are supplied by an electrostatic induction apparatus so that impurities that have been absorbed by activated carbon are neutralized or reduced, and neutralized or reduced used activated carbon is acquired. The neutralized or reduced used activated carbon is buried in an environmental conservation implementation area in such a manner that an amount of the buried neutralized or reduced used activated carbon and a number of locations at which the neutralized or reduced used activated carbon are buried are adjusted depending on a property of the environmental conservation implementation area, and that the buried neutralized or reduced used activated carbon gradually decrease an earthing resistance of the environmental conservation implementation area so as to cause the earthing resistance to have a value less than or equal to 10?.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 30, 2017
    Date of Patent: November 12, 2019
    Inventor: Shoichi Yokoyama
  • Patent number: 10403412
    Abstract: An optical tweezers device determines trapping force data indicating a trapping force for a particle on the basis of a distance between the particle trapped by focusing laser beam with a lens and a focal point of the lens. The optical tweezers device determines a difference between a trapping force theoretical value that is estimated according to a linear relationship between the distance between the trapped particle and the focal point of the lens and the trapping force for the particle and the trapping force indicated by the trapping force data. The optical tweezers device controls a laser power of the light source on the basis of the difference of the trapping force.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 21, 2016
    Date of Patent: September 3, 2019
    Inventors: Kota Nanri, Toshiyuki Saito, Kensuke Suzuki
  • Patent number: 10307726
    Abstract: Systems, devices, and methods for providing a magnetic coil assembly wired in series or parallel at low or high voltage provided from a direct current source or an alternating current source that can produce a concentrated magnetic energy at the central core of the magnetic coil to energize a tubular reactor passing through the coil assembly core. The magnetic energy can be transferred outside of the coil assembly core by a magnetic transfer probe to energize a magnetic chemical reactor vessel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 19, 2018
    Date of Patent: June 4, 2019
    Inventor: Rodolfo Palombo
  • Patent number: 10245551
    Abstract: Disclosed herein is a power generation process in which a portion of the carbon dioxide generated by gaseous fuel combustion is recycled back to the power generation process, either pre-combustion, post-combustion, or both. The power generation process of the invention may be a combined cycle process or a traditional power generation process. The process utilizes sweep-based membrane separation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 10, 2016
    Date of Patent: April 2, 2019
    Assignee: Membrane Technology and Research, Inc.
    Inventors: Richard W Baker, Timothy C Merkel, Johannes G Wijmans
  • Patent number: 10083256
    Abstract: A control system for use in extracting hydrocarbons from an underground deposit is disclosed that comprises an electromagnetic heating system and a processor. The electromagnetic heating system is configured to heat the underground deposit to facilitate fluid flow of a resource for extraction from the underground deposit. The processor is configured to control the electromagnetic heating system in response to temperature data and pressure data for the underground deposit. The processor correlates the temperature data and pressure data with predetermined water phase characteristics to control the electromagnetic heating system so that substantially all water in the underground deposit is maintained in a liquid state. The control system may also generate voxel data corresponding to spatial characteristics of the underground deposit. The spatial characteristics may be presented as a map on a display.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 17, 2013
    Date of Patent: September 25, 2018
    Inventors: Francis Eugene Parsche, David M. Daniel
  • Patent number: 10047266
    Abstract: The invention discloses an energy-saving and environment-friendly anti-freezing solution for a water system engine, which includes calcium chloride anti-freezing solution and alcohol-type anti-freezing solution. N-methyl pyrrolidone and allyl glycidyl ether are added into the calcium chloride anti-freezing solution and the alcohol-type anti-freezing solution. With the energy-saving and environment-friendly anti-freezing solution for the water system engine, when the water system engine gets into the best operating state, rapid cooling down and heat dissipation can be achieved. When the temperature is low, rapid heating-up can be achieved. Thus, the temperature of the engine is kept in constant and stable state, so that the engine can perform the combustion sufficiently to convert the thermal energy into power. The purposes of saving oil, improving power, reducing emission, saving energy, and protecting the environment are actually achieved.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 4, 2017
    Date of Patent: August 14, 2018
    Inventor: Yueyu Ni
  • Patent number: 9944541
    Abstract: Techniques for depleting target organisms in water include a waterproof transducer configured for ensonifying a container of water with low intensity sound at one or more ultrasound frequencies for a duration sufficient to prevent maturation of at least 90% of the target organism. In some cases the target organism is mosquito larvae. For example, a portable system for depleting target organisms in water includes a control system and a plurality of waterproof transducers. The system is configured for ensonifying a surface layer of water in an acoustic frequency range from about 40 kilohertz to about 100 kilohertz and in a power concentration range from about 35 milliwatts per milliliter to 100 milliwatts per milliliter for a duration in a range from about 1 to about 100 seconds.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 21, 2014
    Date of Patent: April 17, 2018
    Assignee: The Trustees of Columbia University in the City of New York
    Inventors: Szabolcs Marka, Imre Bartos, Zsuzsanna Marka
  • Patent number: 9925523
    Abstract: According to an illustrative embodiment of the present invention, a self-powered piezoelectric structure is provided which includes a base material that can be bent by an externally applied force, and a catalyst layer formed on the base material, wherein the catalyst layer is formed by using a mixture of a catalytic material, which can be activated when the energy is applied thereto from an outside, and a piezoelectric material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 22, 2014
    Date of Patent: March 27, 2018
    Inventors: Hong Koo Baik, Woo Soon Jang, Sun Woong Han
  • Patent number: 9872343
    Abstract: A method for heating materials by application of radio frequency (“RF”) energy is disclosed. For example, the disclosure concerns a method for RF heating of petroleum ore, such as bitumen, oil sands, oil shale, tar sands, or heavy oil. Petroleum ore is mixed with a substance comprising susceptor particles that absorb RF energy. A source is provided which applies RF energy to the mixture of a power and frequency sufficient to heat the susceptor particles. The RF energy is applied for a sufficient time to allow the susceptor particles to heat the mixture to an average temperature greater than about 212° F. (100° C.). Optionally, the susceptor particles can be removed from the mixture after the desired average temperature has been achieved. The susceptor particles may provide for anhydrous processing, and temperatures sufficient for cracking, distillation, or pyrolysis.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 6, 2015
    Date of Patent: January 16, 2018
    Inventor: Francis Eugene Parsche
  • Patent number: 9862663
    Abstract: Systems and methods are disclosed for synthesizing one or more simple alcohols from mixtures including organic acids, water, and a superparamagnetic catalyst exposed to fluctuating magnetic fields under ambient conditions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 6, 2015
    Date of Patent: January 9, 2018
    Assignee: Empire Technology Development LLC
    Inventor: Arockiadoss Thevasahayam
  • Patent number: 9862627
    Abstract: A water treatment device and methods of treating water such as cooling tower water, agricultural water, water used in the production of oil and/or gas, swimming pool water, and hot tub or spa water, are described. The water treatment device utilizes ultraviolet radiation, a magnetic field, and ozone fortified air to treat the water, typically resulting in reduced microbial contamination and reduced alkalinity in cooling tower water. Cooling tower water may consequently be run at higher cycles of concentration while reducing or eliminating deposition of minerals on cooling tower components. Swimming pool water and hot tub water treated with the water treatment device typically requires less chlorine, and chlorine levels are typically more stable than without the device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 2, 2017
    Date of Patent: January 9, 2018
    Inventor: David Kolstad
  • Patent number: 9745671
    Abstract: A carbonization method of carbonizing precursor fibers that are being conveyed includes carbonization performed using a plurality of carbonization furnaces for heating fibers arranged in the direction in which the fibers are conveyed. The plurality of carbonization furnaces include at least one carbonization furnace that heats the fibers using plasma when the fibers are passing through the inside of the at least one carbonization furnace. A carbon fiber production method includes a carbonization process of carbonizing precursor fibers that are being conveyed. The carbonization process is performed with the above carbonization method.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 24, 2014
    Date of Patent: August 29, 2017
    Assignee: TOHO TENAX CO., LTD.
    Inventor: Yoshinori Suzuki
  • Patent number: 9713809
    Abstract: A method for the heterogeneous catalysis of a chemical reaction using, in a reactor, at least one reagent and a catalytic composition that can catalyze the reaction within a given range of temperatures T. At least one reagent is brought into contact with the catalytic composition which includes a ferromagnetic nanoparticulate component whose surface is formed at least partially by a compound that is a catalyst for the reaction; the nanoparticulate component is heated by magnetic induction in order to reach a temperature within the range of temperatures T; and the reaction product(s) formed on the surface of the nanoparticulate component are recovered. A catalytic composition includes a ferromagnetic nanoparticulate component that can be heated by magnetic induction to the reaction temperature, whose surface thereof is at least partially formed by a catalyst compound for the reaction. The catalyst is heated by the effect of the magnetic field.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 2, 2014
    Date of Patent: July 25, 2017
    Inventors: Bruno Chaudret, Julian Carrey, Pier Francesco Fazzini, Vinciane Kelsen, Sebastien Lachaize, Anca Meffre, Boubker Mehdaoui, Marc Respaud
  • Patent number: 9701551
    Abstract: A hydromagnetic desalination cell including at least one hollow rectangular flow conduit, a first rectangular magnet and a second rectangular magnet each having a north pole face and a south pole face opposite of each other, wherein the first and second rectangular magnets are disposed along a longitudinal axis and on opposite sides of the rectangular flow conduit, a first opening and a second opening on opposite walls of the rectangular flow conduit extending between the first and second rectangular magnets, and a first and second chamber fluidly connected to the first and second openings. A hydromagnetic desalination system and methods of desalinating brine water with the hydromagnetic desalination system are also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 15, 2015
    Date of Patent: July 11, 2017
    Assignee: King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals
    Inventor: Moustafa Elshafei
  • Patent number: 9389177
    Abstract: A device for analyzing a fluid by evanescence field spectroscopy. The device includes a waveguide, a source of electromagnetic radiation coupled to the waveguide on the entry side, and a detector coupled to the waveguide on the exit side for detecting electromagnetic radiation, wherein the waveguide is arranged in contact with the fluid in at least certain sections between its entry side and its exit side. An electrode arrangement is also provided, which is designed to generate an inhomogeneous electric field in the direct environment of the waveguide, said field exerting a dielectrophoretic force on polarisable particles in the fluid, which moves these particles towards or away from the waveguide. A corresponding method is presented.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 26, 2012
    Date of Patent: July 12, 2016
    Inventors: Markus Holzki, Thomas Klotzbücher
  • Patent number: 9343609
    Abstract: The invention illustrates an innovative way to fabricate low cost, efficient, rigid or flexible mesoscopic optoelectronic devices such as photovoltaic (PV) solar cells or photo sensors (b) comprising three-dimensional arrays of semi-conductive micro- or nano-pillars (3b) deposited from suspensions e.g. by inkjet printing. Said pillars additionally increase the surface area of the device composed of an interpenetrating network of semiconductor particles of mesoscopic (2-50 nm) size forming junctions. In the present invention the active surface area is significantly increased when compared to previous flat structures (a, 3a), being fabricated preferably by inkjet patterning. Additionally, the invention allows for production of much more functional devices when compared with conventional mesoscopic PV cells due to smaller structure density what makes the layer more resistive to mechanical failure when bending.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 9, 2010
    Date of Patent: May 17, 2016
    Inventors: Rodrigo Ferrão De Paiva Martins, Elvira Maria Correia Fortunato, Pawel Jerzy Wojcik
  • Patent number: 9289777
    Abstract: An apparatus for magnetic pre-treating of a first or second flow of fluid (11, 12) in one supply pipe (1, 1?) to a combustion chamber (6), wherein at least one magnetic field (22) is extended through said flow of fluid (11, 12) passing through said supply pipe (1, 1?), wherein said magnetic field (22) is induced by at least one electromagnet (2) each said electro magnet comprising an electrical coil (21) provided with energy from a voltage source (3); with an electrical pulse generator (4) provided with voltage from said voltage source (3) and arranged to generate electrical pulses (p) with a desire frequency (f) to said electrical coil (21).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 24, 2012
    Date of Patent: March 22, 2016
    Inventors: Anders Thalberg, Steinar Slette
  • Patent number: 9064866
    Abstract: A metal oxide semiconductor (MOS) structure having a high dielectric constant gate insulator layer containing gold (Au) nano-particles is presented with methods for forming the layer with high step coverage of underlying topography, high surface smoothness, and uniform thickness. The transistor may form part of a logic device, a memory device, a persistent memory device, a capacitor, as well as other devices and systems. The insulator layer may be formed using atomic layer deposition (ALD) to reduce the overall device thermal exposure. The insulator layer may be formed of a metal oxide, a metal oxycarbide, a semiconductor oxide, or semiconductor oxide oxycarbide, and the gold nano-particles in insulator layer increase the work function of the insulator layer and affect the tunneling current and the threshold voltage of the transistor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 1, 2013
    Date of Patent: June 23, 2015
    Assignee: Micro Technology, Inc.
    Inventors: Kie Y. Ahn, Leonard Forbes
  • Patent number: 9023182
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to a method for making an enantiomeric organic compound having a high amount of enantiomer excesses including the steps of a) providing an aqueous solution including an initial reactant and a catalyst; and b) subjecting said aqueous solution simultaneously to a magnetic field and photolysis radiation such that said photolysis radiation produces light rays that run substantially parallel or anti-parallel to the magnetic field passing through said aqueous solution, wherein said catalyst reacts with said initial reactant to form the enantiomeric organic compound having a high amount of enantiomer excesses.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 2, 2014
    Date of Patent: May 5, 2015
    Assignee: The United States of America as Represented by the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
    Inventor: George W. Cooper
  • Patent number: 9023214
    Abstract: The invention provides a method and apparatus for creating plasma particles and applying the plasma particles to a liquid. Liquid feedstock (e.g., water and/or hydrocarbons mixed with biomass) is pumped through a pipeline; the single-phase stream is then transformed into a biphasic liquid-and-gas stream inside a chamber. The transformation is achieved by transitioning the stream from a high pressure zone to a lower-pressure zone. The pressure drop may occur when the stream further passes through a device for atomizing liquid. Inside the chamber, an electric field is generated with an intensity level that exceeds the threshold of breakdown voltage of the biphasic medium leading to a generation of a plasma state. Furthermore, the invention provides an energy-efficient highly adaptable and versatile method and apparatus for sanitizing water using plasma particles to inactivate biological agents contaminating water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 4, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 5, 2015
    Assignee: AIC, LLC
    Inventor: Alfredo Zolezzi-Garreton
  • Patent number: 9011697
    Abstract: A method for the treatment of fluid including the step of exposing the fluid to a pulsed plasma discharge. The pulsed plasma discharge will be generated using a suitable electrode configuration to generate the plasma discharge in the fluid. Apparatus useful in the method may include a vessel, at least two electrodes for generating a plasma discharge in water, and a flow inlet and a flow outlet to allow water to be passed through the vessel. Also described is an in-line water treatment, where a pulsed plasma discharge is used in a pipe carrying moving water. Plasma based fluid treatment system may have many advantages in comparison to other treatment methods, such as very minimal maintenance, low operating power, and minimal pressure loss through the device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 15, 2007
    Date of Patent: April 21, 2015
    Assignee: Drexel University
    Inventors: Christopher A. Campbell, Young I. Cho, Alexander F. Gutsol, Alexander Fridman, Frank T. Snyder, Vincent Szarko, Erik Yelk, Jesse Zanolini, Victor Vasilets
  • Patent number: 8999173
    Abstract: An electrochlorination and electrochemical system for the on-site generation and treatment of municipal water supplies and other reservoirs of water, by using a custom mixed oxidant and mixed reductant generating system for the enhanced destruction of water borne contaminants by creating custom oxidation-reduction-reactant chemistries with real time monitoring. A range of chemical precursors are provided that when acted upon in an electrochemical cell either create an enhanced oxidation, or reduction environment for the destruction or control of contaminants. Chemical agents that can be used to control standard water quality parameters such as total hardness, total alkalinity, pH, total dissolved solids, and the like are introduced via the chemical precursor injection subsystem infrequently or in real time based on sensor inputs and controller set points.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 4, 2008
    Date of Patent: April 7, 2015
    Assignee: Global Water Holdings, LLC
    Inventors: David T. Schwartzel, Michael L. Fraim
  • Patent number: 8974643
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method for purifying a liquid comprising liquid particles and residual particles. It is hereby possible to generate substantially pure water from, for instance seawater.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 16, 2008
    Date of Patent: March 10, 2015
    Assignee: High Voltage Water B.V.
    Inventors: Sybrand Jacob Metz, Gerrit Oudakker, Johannes Cornelis Maria Marijnissen
  • Publication number: 20150047968
    Abstract: The present invention relates to the development and fabrication of thin-film polymer nanocomposites containing vertically aligned nanomaterials, such as single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs). In certain embodiments, the present invention utilizes liquid crystal mesophases of hexagonally packed cylindrical micelles that orient with their long axes parallel to an applied magnetic field, thereby directing the alignment of the nanomaterials, such as SWNTs, sequestered in the micellar cores. In certain embodiments, the mesophase may be a stable, single-phase material containing monomers that can be polymerized after nanotube alignment to form the nanocomposite polymer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 10, 2014
    Publication date: February 19, 2015
    Inventors: Menachem Elimelech, Chinedum Osuji, Meagan Mauter
  • Publication number: 20140374236
    Abstract: A liquid treatment device comprising: two antennae; an enclosure for holding a liquid including a solvent and a solute; a generator operatively connected to the two antennae to generate an oscillating voltage in each antenna, wherein each voltage is out of phase with the other to create an oscillating electric-field; and the liquid in the enclosure being subjected to the electric-field in the presence of a magnetic field to change the chemical and/or physical properties of the solute, without the liquid contacting the two antennae.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 18, 2014
    Publication date: December 25, 2014
    Inventors: Robert Bruce MOORE, Chris Ian MURPHY, Paul John PEARCE
  • Publication number: 20140346034
    Abstract: Disclosed herein is a solar thermochemical reactor comprising an outer member, an inner member disposed within an outer member, wherein the outer member surrounds the inner member and wherein the outer member has an aperture for receiving solar radiation and wherein an inner cavity and an outer cavity are formed by the inner member and outer member and a reactive material capable of being magnetically stabilized wherein the reactive material is disposed in the outer cavity between the inner member and the outer member.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 21, 2012
    Publication date: November 27, 2014
    Inventors: James F. Klausner, Jorg Petrasch
  • Patent number: 8894926
    Abstract: It is to provide a mechanism where a sterilization process using a concentrated sterilizing agent and a sterilization process using a sterilizing agent that has not been concentrated can be switched without changing the sterilization process. In the case where the concentrated mode is received by receiving means the transfer of the sterilizing agent to the concentration chamber is controlled according to a first timing, and in the case where the non-concentrated mode is received by the receiving means, the transfer of the sterilizing agent to the concentration chamber is controlled according to a second timing, wherein the first timing is different from the second timing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 4, 2012
    Date of Patent: November 25, 2014
    Assignees: Canon Marketing Japan Kabushiki Kaisha, Elk Corporation, Kabushiki Kaisha Elquest
    Inventors: Yasushi Hanada, Takashi Koyama
  • Patent number: 8887663
    Abstract: A system for use in fabrication of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) includes a wafer having a circuitry and a plurality of CNT seed sites. The system also includes a base assembly configured to support the wafer. The system further includes a first tube disposed over the wafer and configured to surround the CNTs that form on the seed sites. The circuitry in the wafer is configured to conduct at least one static charge. The wafer includes a top surface having a plurality of CNT seed sites, each seed site coupled to the circuitry and configured to receive one of the at least one static charge.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 27, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 18, 2014
    Assignees: Samsung Austin Semiconductor, L.P., Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Robert Stebbins, Russell Olson
  • Patent number: 8864871
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method for manufacturing copper nanoparticles, in particular, to a method for manufacturing copper nanoparticles, wherein the method includes preparing a mixture solution including a copper salt, a dispersing agent, a reducing agent and an organic solvent; raising temperature of the mixture solution up to 30-50° C. and agitating; irradiating the mixture solution with microwaves; and obtaining the copper nanoparticles by lowering temperature of the mixture solution. According to the present invention, several tens of nm of copper nanoparticles having a narrow particle size distribution and good dispersibility can be synthesized in mass production.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 27, 2007
    Date of Patent: October 21, 2014
    Assignee: Samsung Electro-Mechanics Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Young-Il Lee, Jae-Woo Joung
  • Patent number: 8864964
    Abstract: A system employs a closed electrolyzer vessel into which water is circulated, and an electrode plate assembly is immersed to dissociate water into hydrogen and oxygen gases. Only water is used as the electrolyte fluid. An air injector in the water return line injects air bubbling for enhanced dissociation of water. The electrode plate assembly is formed by one or more unit stacks of 7-plates each, including two outer cathode plates, a middle anode plate, and spaced inner plates. The generated gases are maintained in a stable condition by an electromagnetic coil assembly that separates the hydrogen gas from oxygen gas. The system can obtain 180% reduction in fuel usage in a vehicle engine, and 20 times reduction in carbon exhaust. It can obtain a 500% increase in fuel efficiency in an electrical power generator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 8, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 21, 2014
    Assignee: Tasos Inc.
    Inventor: Tasos Aggelopoulos
  • Patent number: 8828498
    Abstract: The invention provides a method of coating a surface with a water and oil repellant polymer layer. The method comprises the steps of providing a substrate with a surface, exposing the surface to a monomer compound, and exposing the surface to a continuous plasma having a plasma power provided by a plasma circuit. During the exposition of the surface to the continuous plasma, the plasma power is reduced from an initial higher plasma power to a final lower plasma power, the final lower plasma power being less than 35% of the initial higher plasma power, thus applying an even polymer layer exhibiting a water contact angle of more than 110°.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 26, 2011
    Date of Patent: September 9, 2014
    Assignee: Oticon A/S
    Inventor: Mogens Øllgaard
  • Publication number: 20140216917
    Abstract: The present invention includes a magnetically susceptible polymer component, a method of making the same, and apparatuses and systems for mixing, separating or localizing a magnetically susceptible polymer compound in a reaction. The magnetically susceptible polymer component includes a polymer and a magnetically susceptible particle of a predetermined size, which yields a component having a much-improved magnetic reactivity due to the increase in magnetic material by mass percentage. The apparatuses and systems of the present invention employ controllable magnetic fields distributable in perpendicular directions in order to precisely control the orientation, position and relative motion of any magnetically susceptible components within a reaction vessel.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 7, 2014
    Publication date: August 7, 2014
    Applicant: STC.UNM
    Inventors: Paul A. Bentley, Michael Davenport
  • Patent number: 8784657
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to a novel method for cleaning a filter surface using a plasma discharge self-cleaning filtration system. The method involves utilizing plasma discharges to induce short electric pulses of nanoseconds duration at high voltages. These electrical pulses generate strong Shockwaves that disintegrate and dislodge particulate matter located on the surface of the filter.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 7, 2008
    Date of Patent: July 22, 2014
    Assignee: Drexel University
    Inventors: Young I. Cho, Alexander Fridman, Alexander F. Gutsol, Yong Yang
  • Patent number: 8784667
    Abstract: A method and apparatus of fluid treatment for a plurality of fluids with a first and a second non-magnetically conductive fluid flow conduit sleeved within at least one segment of magnetically conductive conduit providing a plurality of distinct areas of concentrated magnetic energy. The instant invention prevents the formation and accumulation of contaminants within conduits and on equipment utilized in the transportation, delivery and processing of fluid columns. It may also be utilized to accelerate the separation of oil and water and increase the efficiency of oil/water separation equipment.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 21, 2013
    Date of Patent: July 22, 2014
    Assignee: Wilsa, Inc.
    Inventor: Herbert William Holland
  • Patent number: 8721843
    Abstract: An improved system and method for generating graphene involves producing a plurality of ionized carbon atoms in a plasma generation chamber and providing the plurality of ionized carbon atoms to a graphene generation chamber having a magnetic structure. The graphene generation chamber generates graphene from said plurality of ionized carbon atoms over said magnetic structure such that said graphene floats over said magnetic structure due to said graphene being diamagnetic. The rate at which the plurality of ionized carbon atoms is produced is controlled to control the rate of graphene generation. The magnetic field of the magnetic structure can be controlled to control the rate at which the generated graphene moves through the graphene generation chamber until it exits as a recovered graphene product.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 13, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 13, 2014
    Assignee: Cedar Ridge Research, LLC
    Inventors: Larry W. Fullerton, Mark D. Roberts
  • Patent number: 8709256
    Abstract: A method and apparatus provide at least one region of pulsed fluid treatment within a fluid treatment chamber. The instant invention prevents the formation and accumulation of contaminants within conduits and on equipment utilized in the transportation, delivery and processing of fluid columns. It may also be utilized to accelerate the separation of oil and water and increase the efficiency of oil/water separation equipment.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 26, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 29, 2014
    Assignee: Wilsa, Inc.
    Inventor: Herbert W. Holland
  • Patent number: 8685255
    Abstract: A method of operating a capacitive deionization cell using a regeneration cycle to increase pure flow rate and efficiency of the cell.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 11, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 1, 2014
    Assignee: Voltea B.V.
    Inventors: Sean Knapp, Marshall L. Leffew, II
  • Patent number: 8679351
    Abstract: A water decontaminization system and method which utilizes an apparatus for producing hydroxyl ions through hydrolysis of water molecules to oxydize contaminents in the water. The apparatus includes a water chamber with an input water conduit and an output water conduit to establish a water flow in the chamber, in which electrodes positioned in the water chamber apply a voltage potential which causes electric current to flow through the water to create hydroxyl ions in the water, in a manner effective to kill contaminents such as viruses, bacteria, algae, organic substances, etc.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 30, 2009
    Date of Patent: March 25, 2014
    Assignee: Hydrover Holding S.A.
    Inventor: Sergio Gabriel Capettini