Electrical, Or Wave Energy In Magnetic Field Patents (Class 204/155)
  • Patent number: 10403412
    Abstract: An optical tweezers device determines trapping force data indicating a trapping force for a particle on the basis of a distance between the particle trapped by focusing laser beam with a lens and a focal point of the lens. The optical tweezers device determines a difference between a trapping force theoretical value that is estimated according to a linear relationship between the distance between the trapped particle and the focal point of the lens and the trapping force for the particle and the trapping force indicated by the trapping force data. The optical tweezers device controls a laser power of the light source on the basis of the difference of the trapping force.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 21, 2016
    Date of Patent: September 3, 2019
    Assignee: JTEKT CORPORATION
    Inventors: Kota Nanri, Toshiyuki Saito, Kensuke Suzuki
  • Patent number: 10307726
    Abstract: Systems, devices, and methods for providing a magnetic coil assembly wired in series or parallel at low or high voltage provided from a direct current source or an alternating current source that can produce a concentrated magnetic energy at the central core of the magnetic coil to energize a tubular reactor passing through the coil assembly core. The magnetic energy can be transferred outside of the coil assembly core by a magnetic transfer probe to energize a magnetic chemical reactor vessel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 19, 2018
    Date of Patent: June 4, 2019
    Inventor: Rodolfo Palombo
  • Patent number: 10245551
    Abstract: Disclosed herein is a power generation process in which a portion of the carbon dioxide generated by gaseous fuel combustion is recycled back to the power generation process, either pre-combustion, post-combustion, or both. The power generation process of the invention may be a combined cycle process or a traditional power generation process. The process utilizes sweep-based membrane separation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 10, 2016
    Date of Patent: April 2, 2019
    Assignee: Membrane Technology and Research, Inc.
    Inventors: Richard W Baker, Timothy C Merkel, Johannes G Wijmans
  • Patent number: 10083256
    Abstract: A control system for use in extracting hydrocarbons from an underground deposit is disclosed that comprises an electromagnetic heating system and a processor. The electromagnetic heating system is configured to heat the underground deposit to facilitate fluid flow of a resource for extraction from the underground deposit. The processor is configured to control the electromagnetic heating system in response to temperature data and pressure data for the underground deposit. The processor correlates the temperature data and pressure data with predetermined water phase characteristics to control the electromagnetic heating system so that substantially all water in the underground deposit is maintained in a liquid state. The control system may also generate voxel data corresponding to spatial characteristics of the underground deposit. The spatial characteristics may be presented as a map on a display.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 17, 2013
    Date of Patent: September 25, 2018
    Assignee: HARRIS CORPORATION
    Inventors: Francis Eugene Parsche, David M. Daniel
  • Patent number: 10047266
    Abstract: The invention discloses an energy-saving and environment-friendly anti-freezing solution for a water system engine, which includes calcium chloride anti-freezing solution and alcohol-type anti-freezing solution. N-methyl pyrrolidone and allyl glycidyl ether are added into the calcium chloride anti-freezing solution and the alcohol-type anti-freezing solution. With the energy-saving and environment-friendly anti-freezing solution for the water system engine, when the water system engine gets into the best operating state, rapid cooling down and heat dissipation can be achieved. When the temperature is low, rapid heating-up can be achieved. Thus, the temperature of the engine is kept in constant and stable state, so that the engine can perform the combustion sufficiently to convert the thermal energy into power. The purposes of saving oil, improving power, reducing emission, saving energy, and protecting the environment are actually achieved.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 4, 2017
    Date of Patent: August 14, 2018
    Inventor: Yueyu Ni
  • Patent number: 9944541
    Abstract: Techniques for depleting target organisms in water include a waterproof transducer configured for ensonifying a container of water with low intensity sound at one or more ultrasound frequencies for a duration sufficient to prevent maturation of at least 90% of the target organism. In some cases the target organism is mosquito larvae. For example, a portable system for depleting target organisms in water includes a control system and a plurality of waterproof transducers. The system is configured for ensonifying a surface layer of water in an acoustic frequency range from about 40 kilohertz to about 100 kilohertz and in a power concentration range from about 35 milliwatts per milliliter to 100 milliwatts per milliliter for a duration in a range from about 1 to about 100 seconds.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 21, 2014
    Date of Patent: April 17, 2018
    Assignee: The Trustees of Columbia University in the City of New York
    Inventors: Szabolcs Marka, Imre Bartos, Zsuzsanna Marka
  • Patent number: 9925523
    Abstract: According to an illustrative embodiment of the present invention, a self-powered piezoelectric structure is provided which includes a base material that can be bent by an externally applied force, and a catalyst layer formed on the base material, wherein the catalyst layer is formed by using a mixture of a catalytic material, which can be activated when the energy is applied thereto from an outside, and a piezoelectric material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 22, 2014
    Date of Patent: March 27, 2018
    Assignee: INDUSTRY-ACADEMIC COOPERATION FOUNDATION, YONSEI UNIVERSITY
    Inventors: Hong Koo Baik, Woo Soon Jang, Sun Woong Han
  • Patent number: 9872343
    Abstract: A method for heating materials by application of radio frequency (“RF”) energy is disclosed. For example, the disclosure concerns a method for RF heating of petroleum ore, such as bitumen, oil sands, oil shale, tar sands, or heavy oil. Petroleum ore is mixed with a substance comprising susceptor particles that absorb RF energy. A source is provided which applies RF energy to the mixture of a power and frequency sufficient to heat the susceptor particles. The RF energy is applied for a sufficient time to allow the susceptor particles to heat the mixture to an average temperature greater than about 212° F. (100° C.). Optionally, the susceptor particles can be removed from the mixture after the desired average temperature has been achieved. The susceptor particles may provide for anhydrous processing, and temperatures sufficient for cracking, distillation, or pyrolysis.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 6, 2015
    Date of Patent: January 16, 2018
    Assignee: HARRIS CORPORATION
    Inventor: Francis Eugene Parsche
  • Patent number: 9862627
    Abstract: A water treatment device and methods of treating water such as cooling tower water, agricultural water, water used in the production of oil and/or gas, swimming pool water, and hot tub or spa water, are described. The water treatment device utilizes ultraviolet radiation, a magnetic field, and ozone fortified air to treat the water, typically resulting in reduced microbial contamination and reduced alkalinity in cooling tower water. Cooling tower water may consequently be run at higher cycles of concentration while reducing or eliminating deposition of minerals on cooling tower components. Swimming pool water and hot tub water treated with the water treatment device typically requires less chlorine, and chlorine levels are typically more stable than without the device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 2, 2017
    Date of Patent: January 9, 2018
    Assignee: SILVER BULLET WATER TREATMENT COMPANY, LLC
    Inventor: David Kolstad
  • Patent number: 9862663
    Abstract: Systems and methods are disclosed for synthesizing one or more simple alcohols from mixtures including organic acids, water, and a superparamagnetic catalyst exposed to fluctuating magnetic fields under ambient conditions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 6, 2015
    Date of Patent: January 9, 2018
    Assignee: Empire Technology Development LLC
    Inventor: Arockiadoss Thevasahayam
  • Patent number: 9745671
    Abstract: A carbonization method of carbonizing precursor fibers that are being conveyed includes carbonization performed using a plurality of carbonization furnaces for heating fibers arranged in the direction in which the fibers are conveyed. The plurality of carbonization furnaces include at least one carbonization furnace that heats the fibers using plasma when the fibers are passing through the inside of the at least one carbonization furnace. A carbon fiber production method includes a carbonization process of carbonizing precursor fibers that are being conveyed. The carbonization process is performed with the above carbonization method.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 24, 2014
    Date of Patent: August 29, 2017
    Assignee: TOHO TENAX CO., LTD.
    Inventor: Yoshinori Suzuki
  • Patent number: 9713809
    Abstract: A method for the heterogeneous catalysis of a chemical reaction using, in a reactor, at least one reagent and a catalytic composition that can catalyze the reaction within a given range of temperatures T. At least one reagent is brought into contact with the catalytic composition which includes a ferromagnetic nanoparticulate component whose surface is formed at least partially by a compound that is a catalyst for the reaction; the nanoparticulate component is heated by magnetic induction in order to reach a temperature within the range of temperatures T; and the reaction product(s) formed on the surface of the nanoparticulate component are recovered. A catalytic composition includes a ferromagnetic nanoparticulate component that can be heated by magnetic induction to the reaction temperature, whose surface thereof is at least partially formed by a catalyst compound for the reaction. The catalyst is heated by the effect of the magnetic field.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 2, 2014
    Date of Patent: July 25, 2017
    Assignees: INSTITUT NATIONAL DES SCIENCES APPLIQEES DE TOULOUSE, CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE (CNRS), UNIVERSITE PAUL SABATIER TOULOUSE III
    Inventors: Bruno Chaudret, Julian Carrey, Pier Francesco Fazzini, Vinciane Kelsen, Sebastien Lachaize, Anca Meffre, Boubker Mehdaoui, Marc Respaud
  • Patent number: 9701551
    Abstract: A hydromagnetic desalination cell including at least one hollow rectangular flow conduit, a first rectangular magnet and a second rectangular magnet each having a north pole face and a south pole face opposite of each other, wherein the first and second rectangular magnets are disposed along a longitudinal axis and on opposite sides of the rectangular flow conduit, a first opening and a second opening on opposite walls of the rectangular flow conduit extending between the first and second rectangular magnets, and a first and second chamber fluidly connected to the first and second openings. A hydromagnetic desalination system and methods of desalinating brine water with the hydromagnetic desalination system are also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 15, 2015
    Date of Patent: July 11, 2017
    Assignee: King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals
    Inventor: Moustafa Elshafei
  • Patent number: 9389177
    Abstract: A device for analyzing a fluid by evanescence field spectroscopy. The device includes a waveguide, a source of electromagnetic radiation coupled to the waveguide on the entry side, and a detector coupled to the waveguide on the exit side for detecting electromagnetic radiation, wherein the waveguide is arranged in contact with the fluid in at least certain sections between its entry side and its exit side. An electrode arrangement is also provided, which is designed to generate an inhomogeneous electric field in the direct environment of the waveguide, said field exerting a dielectrophoretic force on polarisable particles in the fluid, which moves these particles towards or away from the waveguide. A corresponding method is presented.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 26, 2012
    Date of Patent: July 12, 2016
    Assignee: FRAUNHOFER-GESELLSCHAFT ZUR FORDERUNG DER ANGEWANDTEN FORSCHUNG E.V.
    Inventors: Markus Holzki, Thomas Klotzbücher
  • Patent number: 9343609
    Abstract: The invention illustrates an innovative way to fabricate low cost, efficient, rigid or flexible mesoscopic optoelectronic devices such as photovoltaic (PV) solar cells or photo sensors (b) comprising three-dimensional arrays of semi-conductive micro- or nano-pillars (3b) deposited from suspensions e.g. by inkjet printing. Said pillars additionally increase the surface area of the device composed of an interpenetrating network of semiconductor particles of mesoscopic (2-50 nm) size forming junctions. In the present invention the active surface area is significantly increased when compared to previous flat structures (a, 3a), being fabricated preferably by inkjet patterning. Additionally, the invention allows for production of much more functional devices when compared with conventional mesoscopic PV cells due to smaller structure density what makes the layer more resistive to mechanical failure when bending.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 9, 2010
    Date of Patent: May 17, 2016
    Assignee: FACULDADE DE CIENCIAS E TECNOLOGIA DA UNIVERSIDADE NOVA DE LISBOA
    Inventors: Rodrigo Ferrão De Paiva Martins, Elvira Maria Correia Fortunato, Pawel Jerzy Wojcik
  • Patent number: 9289777
    Abstract: An apparatus for magnetic pre-treating of a first or second flow of fluid (11, 12) in one supply pipe (1, 1?) to a combustion chamber (6), wherein at least one magnetic field (22) is extended through said flow of fluid (11, 12) passing through said supply pipe (1, 1?), wherein said magnetic field (22) is induced by at least one electromagnet (2) each said electro magnet comprising an electrical coil (21) provided with energy from a voltage source (3); with an electrical pulse generator (4) provided with voltage from said voltage source (3) and arranged to generate electrical pulses (p) with a desire frequency (f) to said electrical coil (21).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 24, 2012
    Date of Patent: March 22, 2016
    Assignee: CARBON REDUCTION SOLUTIONS AS
    Inventors: Anders Thalberg, Steinar Slette
  • Patent number: 9064866
    Abstract: A metal oxide semiconductor (MOS) structure having a high dielectric constant gate insulator layer containing gold (Au) nano-particles is presented with methods for forming the layer with high step coverage of underlying topography, high surface smoothness, and uniform thickness. The transistor may form part of a logic device, a memory device, a persistent memory device, a capacitor, as well as other devices and systems. The insulator layer may be formed using atomic layer deposition (ALD) to reduce the overall device thermal exposure. The insulator layer may be formed of a metal oxide, a metal oxycarbide, a semiconductor oxide, or semiconductor oxide oxycarbide, and the gold nano-particles in insulator layer increase the work function of the insulator layer and affect the tunneling current and the threshold voltage of the transistor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 1, 2013
    Date of Patent: June 23, 2015
    Assignee: Micro Technology, Inc.
    Inventors: Kie Y. Ahn, Leonard Forbes
  • Patent number: 9023182
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to a method for making an enantiomeric organic compound having a high amount of enantiomer excesses including the steps of a) providing an aqueous solution including an initial reactant and a catalyst; and b) subjecting said aqueous solution simultaneously to a magnetic field and photolysis radiation such that said photolysis radiation produces light rays that run substantially parallel or anti-parallel to the magnetic field passing through said aqueous solution, wherein said catalyst reacts with said initial reactant to form the enantiomeric organic compound having a high amount of enantiomer excesses.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 2, 2014
    Date of Patent: May 5, 2015
    Assignee: The United States of America as Represented by the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
    Inventor: George W. Cooper
  • Patent number: 9023214
    Abstract: The invention provides a method and apparatus for creating plasma particles and applying the plasma particles to a liquid. Liquid feedstock (e.g., water and/or hydrocarbons mixed with biomass) is pumped through a pipeline; the single-phase stream is then transformed into a biphasic liquid-and-gas stream inside a chamber. The transformation is achieved by transitioning the stream from a high pressure zone to a lower-pressure zone. The pressure drop may occur when the stream further passes through a device for atomizing liquid. Inside the chamber, an electric field is generated with an intensity level that exceeds the threshold of breakdown voltage of the biphasic medium leading to a generation of a plasma state. Furthermore, the invention provides an energy-efficient highly adaptable and versatile method and apparatus for sanitizing water using plasma particles to inactivate biological agents contaminating water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 4, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 5, 2015
    Assignee: AIC, LLC
    Inventor: Alfredo Zolezzi-Garreton
  • Patent number: 9011697
    Abstract: A method for the treatment of fluid including the step of exposing the fluid to a pulsed plasma discharge. The pulsed plasma discharge will be generated using a suitable electrode configuration to generate the plasma discharge in the fluid. Apparatus useful in the method may include a vessel, at least two electrodes for generating a plasma discharge in water, and a flow inlet and a flow outlet to allow water to be passed through the vessel. Also described is an in-line water treatment, where a pulsed plasma discharge is used in a pipe carrying moving water. Plasma based fluid treatment system may have many advantages in comparison to other treatment methods, such as very minimal maintenance, low operating power, and minimal pressure loss through the device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 15, 2007
    Date of Patent: April 21, 2015
    Assignee: Drexel University
    Inventors: Christopher A. Campbell, Young I. Cho, Alexander F. Gutsol, Alexander Fridman, Frank T. Snyder, Vincent Szarko, Erik Yelk, Jesse Zanolini, Victor Vasilets
  • Patent number: 8999173
    Abstract: An electrochlorination and electrochemical system for the on-site generation and treatment of municipal water supplies and other reservoirs of water, by using a custom mixed oxidant and mixed reductant generating system for the enhanced destruction of water borne contaminants by creating custom oxidation-reduction-reactant chemistries with real time monitoring. A range of chemical precursors are provided that when acted upon in an electrochemical cell either create an enhanced oxidation, or reduction environment for the destruction or control of contaminants. Chemical agents that can be used to control standard water quality parameters such as total hardness, total alkalinity, pH, total dissolved solids, and the like are introduced via the chemical precursor injection subsystem infrequently or in real time based on sensor inputs and controller set points.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 4, 2008
    Date of Patent: April 7, 2015
    Assignee: Global Water Holdings, LLC
    Inventors: David T. Schwartzel, Michael L. Fraim
  • Patent number: 8974643
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method for purifying a liquid comprising liquid particles and residual particles. It is hereby possible to generate substantially pure water from, for instance seawater.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 16, 2008
    Date of Patent: March 10, 2015
    Assignee: High Voltage Water B.V.
    Inventors: Sybrand Jacob Metz, Gerrit Oudakker, Johannes Cornelis Maria Marijnissen
  • Publication number: 20150047968
    Abstract: The present invention relates to the development and fabrication of thin-film polymer nanocomposites containing vertically aligned nanomaterials, such as single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs). In certain embodiments, the present invention utilizes liquid crystal mesophases of hexagonally packed cylindrical micelles that orient with their long axes parallel to an applied magnetic field, thereby directing the alignment of the nanomaterials, such as SWNTs, sequestered in the micellar cores. In certain embodiments, the mesophase may be a stable, single-phase material containing monomers that can be polymerized after nanotube alignment to form the nanocomposite polymer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 10, 2014
    Publication date: February 19, 2015
    Inventors: Menachem Elimelech, Chinedum Osuji, Meagan Mauter
  • Publication number: 20140374236
    Abstract: A liquid treatment device comprising: two antennae; an enclosure for holding a liquid including a solvent and a solute; a generator operatively connected to the two antennae to generate an oscillating voltage in each antenna, wherein each voltage is out of phase with the other to create an oscillating electric-field; and the liquid in the enclosure being subjected to the electric-field in the presence of a magnetic field to change the chemical and/or physical properties of the solute, without the liquid contacting the two antennae.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 18, 2014
    Publication date: December 25, 2014
    Inventors: Robert Bruce MOORE, Chris Ian MURPHY, Paul John PEARCE
  • Publication number: 20140346034
    Abstract: Disclosed herein is a solar thermochemical reactor comprising an outer member, an inner member disposed within an outer member, wherein the outer member surrounds the inner member and wherein the outer member has an aperture for receiving solar radiation and wherein an inner cavity and an outer cavity are formed by the inner member and outer member and a reactive material capable of being magnetically stabilized wherein the reactive material is disposed in the outer cavity between the inner member and the outer member.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 21, 2012
    Publication date: November 27, 2014
    Inventors: James F. Klausner, Jorg Petrasch
  • Patent number: 8894926
    Abstract: It is to provide a mechanism where a sterilization process using a concentrated sterilizing agent and a sterilization process using a sterilizing agent that has not been concentrated can be switched without changing the sterilization process. In the case where the concentrated mode is received by receiving means the transfer of the sterilizing agent to the concentration chamber is controlled according to a first timing, and in the case where the non-concentrated mode is received by the receiving means, the transfer of the sterilizing agent to the concentration chamber is controlled according to a second timing, wherein the first timing is different from the second timing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 4, 2012
    Date of Patent: November 25, 2014
    Assignees: Canon Marketing Japan Kabushiki Kaisha, Elk Corporation, Kabushiki Kaisha Elquest
    Inventors: Yasushi Hanada, Takashi Koyama
  • Patent number: 8887663
    Abstract: A system for use in fabrication of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) includes a wafer having a circuitry and a plurality of CNT seed sites. The system also includes a base assembly configured to support the wafer. The system further includes a first tube disposed over the wafer and configured to surround the CNTs that form on the seed sites. The circuitry in the wafer is configured to conduct at least one static charge. The wafer includes a top surface having a plurality of CNT seed sites, each seed site coupled to the circuitry and configured to receive one of the at least one static charge.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 27, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 18, 2014
    Assignees: Samsung Austin Semiconductor, L.P., Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Robert Stebbins, Russell Olson
  • Patent number: 8864871
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method for manufacturing copper nanoparticles, in particular, to a method for manufacturing copper nanoparticles, wherein the method includes preparing a mixture solution including a copper salt, a dispersing agent, a reducing agent and an organic solvent; raising temperature of the mixture solution up to 30-50° C. and agitating; irradiating the mixture solution with microwaves; and obtaining the copper nanoparticles by lowering temperature of the mixture solution. According to the present invention, several tens of nm of copper nanoparticles having a narrow particle size distribution and good dispersibility can be synthesized in mass production.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 27, 2007
    Date of Patent: October 21, 2014
    Assignee: Samsung Electro-Mechanics Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Young-Il Lee, Jae-Woo Joung
  • Patent number: 8864964
    Abstract: A system employs a closed electrolyzer vessel into which water is circulated, and an electrode plate assembly is immersed to dissociate water into hydrogen and oxygen gases. Only water is used as the electrolyte fluid. An air injector in the water return line injects air bubbling for enhanced dissociation of water. The electrode plate assembly is formed by one or more unit stacks of 7-plates each, including two outer cathode plates, a middle anode plate, and spaced inner plates. The generated gases are maintained in a stable condition by an electromagnetic coil assembly that separates the hydrogen gas from oxygen gas. The system can obtain 180% reduction in fuel usage in a vehicle engine, and 20 times reduction in carbon exhaust. It can obtain a 500% increase in fuel efficiency in an electrical power generator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 8, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 21, 2014
    Assignee: Tasos Inc.
    Inventor: Tasos Aggelopoulos
  • Patent number: 8828498
    Abstract: The invention provides a method of coating a surface with a water and oil repellant polymer layer. The method comprises the steps of providing a substrate with a surface, exposing the surface to a monomer compound, and exposing the surface to a continuous plasma having a plasma power provided by a plasma circuit. During the exposition of the surface to the continuous plasma, the plasma power is reduced from an initial higher plasma power to a final lower plasma power, the final lower plasma power being less than 35% of the initial higher plasma power, thus applying an even polymer layer exhibiting a water contact angle of more than 110°.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 26, 2011
    Date of Patent: September 9, 2014
    Assignee: Oticon A/S
    Inventor: Mogens Øllgaard
  • Publication number: 20140216917
    Abstract: The present invention includes a magnetically susceptible polymer component, a method of making the same, and apparatuses and systems for mixing, separating or localizing a magnetically susceptible polymer compound in a reaction. The magnetically susceptible polymer component includes a polymer and a magnetically susceptible particle of a predetermined size, which yields a component having a much-improved magnetic reactivity due to the increase in magnetic material by mass percentage. The apparatuses and systems of the present invention employ controllable magnetic fields distributable in perpendicular directions in order to precisely control the orientation, position and relative motion of any magnetically susceptible components within a reaction vessel.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 7, 2014
    Publication date: August 7, 2014
    Applicant: STC.UNM
    Inventors: Paul A. Bentley, Michael Davenport
  • Patent number: 8784667
    Abstract: A method and apparatus of fluid treatment for a plurality of fluids with a first and a second non-magnetically conductive fluid flow conduit sleeved within at least one segment of magnetically conductive conduit providing a plurality of distinct areas of concentrated magnetic energy. The instant invention prevents the formation and accumulation of contaminants within conduits and on equipment utilized in the transportation, delivery and processing of fluid columns. It may also be utilized to accelerate the separation of oil and water and increase the efficiency of oil/water separation equipment.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 21, 2013
    Date of Patent: July 22, 2014
    Assignee: Wilsa, Inc.
    Inventor: Herbert William Holland
  • Patent number: 8784657
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to a novel method for cleaning a filter surface using a plasma discharge self-cleaning filtration system. The method involves utilizing plasma discharges to induce short electric pulses of nanoseconds duration at high voltages. These electrical pulses generate strong Shockwaves that disintegrate and dislodge particulate matter located on the surface of the filter.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 7, 2008
    Date of Patent: July 22, 2014
    Assignee: Drexel University
    Inventors: Young I. Cho, Alexander Fridman, Alexander F. Gutsol, Yong Yang
  • Patent number: 8721843
    Abstract: An improved system and method for generating graphene involves producing a plurality of ionized carbon atoms in a plasma generation chamber and providing the plurality of ionized carbon atoms to a graphene generation chamber having a magnetic structure. The graphene generation chamber generates graphene from said plurality of ionized carbon atoms over said magnetic structure such that said graphene floats over said magnetic structure due to said graphene being diamagnetic. The rate at which the plurality of ionized carbon atoms is produced is controlled to control the rate of graphene generation. The magnetic field of the magnetic structure can be controlled to control the rate at which the generated graphene moves through the graphene generation chamber until it exits as a recovered graphene product.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 13, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 13, 2014
    Assignee: Cedar Ridge Research, LLC
    Inventors: Larry W. Fullerton, Mark D. Roberts
  • Patent number: 8709256
    Abstract: A method and apparatus provide at least one region of pulsed fluid treatment within a fluid treatment chamber. The instant invention prevents the formation and accumulation of contaminants within conduits and on equipment utilized in the transportation, delivery and processing of fluid columns. It may also be utilized to accelerate the separation of oil and water and increase the efficiency of oil/water separation equipment.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 26, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 29, 2014
    Assignee: Wilsa, Inc.
    Inventor: Herbert W. Holland
  • Patent number: 8685255
    Abstract: A method of operating a capacitive deionization cell using a regeneration cycle to increase pure flow rate and efficiency of the cell.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 11, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 1, 2014
    Assignee: Voltea B.V.
    Inventors: Sean Knapp, Marshall L. Leffew, II
  • Patent number: 8679351
    Abstract: A water decontaminization system and method which utilizes an apparatus for producing hydroxyl ions through hydrolysis of water molecules to oxydize contaminents in the water. The apparatus includes a water chamber with an input water conduit and an output water conduit to establish a water flow in the chamber, in which electrodes positioned in the water chamber apply a voltage potential which causes electric current to flow through the water to create hydroxyl ions in the water, in a manner effective to kill contaminents such as viruses, bacteria, algae, organic substances, etc.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 30, 2009
    Date of Patent: March 25, 2014
    Assignee: Hydrover Holding S.A.
    Inventor: Sergio Gabriel Capettini
  • Patent number: 8663464
    Abstract: Apparatus and methods for enhanced electrocoagulation processing using enhanced membrane aeration are disclosed for effluent treatment. The apparatus has an enrichment means for establishing an ion rich air/gas stream and a membrane aerator for receiving the ionized air/gas stream and effluent to be treated. An ionized air/gas rich effluent feed stream flows out of the membrane aerator and is received at an electrocoagulation processing assembly for diffused ion enhanced electrocoagulation treatment.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 31, 2008
    Date of Patent: March 4, 2014
    Inventors: Reginald A. Wiemers, Robert Kohlheb, Peter H. Zahn
  • Publication number: 20140054162
    Abstract: This invention provides a method of initiating chain reaction in a chain reaction medium including (a) a macroinitiator and (b) chain reactants selected from monomers, reactive oligomers, reactive diluents and derivatives thereof and mixtures of the forgoing. The macroinitiator includes a multidentate anchor segment coordinated with a magnetic nanoparticle through more than one bond, and a chain reaction initiator segment bound to the multidentate anchor and providing a weak bond that can be cleaved to initiate a chain reaction. The method further comprises subjecting the chain reaction medium to an alternating current magnetic field to vibrate the magnetic nanoparticle and thereby cleave the weak bond, the cleavage resulting in the initiation of a chain reaction involving the chain reactants.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 26, 2013
    Publication date: February 27, 2014
    Applicant: THE UNIVERSITY OF AKRON
    Inventors: Mark D. Soucek, Kent R. Miller
  • Patent number: 8632678
    Abstract: A filtration apparatus including an annular filter surrounding a waste treatment chamber, a first turbine drawing liquid up within the chamber and a second turbine driving liquid outwardly through the filter. In the method of treating organic waste, the chamber includes an ultraviolet lamp and a cylindrical baffle surrounding the chamber having a mirrored surface. The disclosed apparatus further includes anodic and cathodic plates surrounding the filter.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 15, 2012
    Date of Patent: January 21, 2014
    Inventor: E. Bayne Carew
  • Patent number: 8535492
    Abstract: A system providing selective spin modification and reaction in an electrolytic cell. An electrolytic cell is coupled to a magnet that provides a level-splitting magnetic field in a region of electrolyte adjacent to a working electrode, thus establishing a spin resonance for an unpaired electron associated with a chemical species in the region of electrolyte adjacent to the working electrode. The working electrode carries an excitation current produced by a switching source or amplifier. The excitation current produces an alternating magnetic field adjacent to the working electrode that alters the spin state population density for the unpaired electron associated with a chemical species within the electrolyte, thereby enhancing or inhibiting the reaction of the chemical species during subsequent electrolysis.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 18, 2008
    Date of Patent: September 17, 2013
    Inventor: Mehlin Dean Matthews
  • Patent number: 8535542
    Abstract: A method of separating a mixture of liquid and insoluble solids in a filter press may comprise: pumping the mixture into a chamber between two filter plates in the filter press to form a filter cake, wherein the chamber is lined by filter cloths, and wherein, during the pumping, filtrate is forced through the filter cloths and out of the chamber; heating the filter cake in the chamber, wherein, during the heating, filtrate is forced through the filter cloths and out of the chamber, and wherein the heating is by radio frequency irradiation of the filter cake in the chamber; and releasing dried filter cake from the chamber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 2, 2009
    Date of Patent: September 17, 2013
    Inventors: Daniel J. Simpson, Ferdinand Kogler
  • Patent number: 8470092
    Abstract: A method (and structure) of thermally treating a magnetic layer of a wafer, includes annealing, for a predetermined short duration, a magnetic layer of a single wafer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 19, 2008
    Date of Patent: June 25, 2013
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Ulrich Karl Klostermann, Wolfgang Raberg, Philip Trouilloud
  • Patent number: 8440080
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a portable device for generating ozone in water, purifying the water and making it drinkable. The device comprises a housing; at least two electrodes, including an anode and a cathode extending from the housing into the water and each having semi-rough or rough surfaces in contact with the water. The device also comprises a power supply operatively connected to the electrodes for generating between them a difference of potential creating a current and the hydrolysis of the water creating ozone that purifies the water. The electrodes may have a plate or a rode and tube configuration with a plurality of holes with rough edges. The roughness of the surfaces and of the edges of the holes leads to a coalescence of tiny hydrogen bubbles into larger hydrogen bubbles. The hydrogen may be also removed by absorption in a conductive material and regenerated for reuse.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 17, 2008
    Date of Patent: May 14, 2013
    Assignee: Ozomax Inc.
    Inventors: Amir Salama, Marianne Salama
  • Publication number: 20130090405
    Abstract: The present invention relates to the development and fabrication of thin-film polymer nanocomposites containing vertically aligned nanomaterials, such as single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs). In certain embodiments, the present invention utilizes liquid crystal mesophases of hexagonally packed cylindrical micelles that orient with their long axes parallel to an applied magnetic field, thereby directing the alignment of the nanomaterials, such as SWNTs, sequestered in the micellar cores. In certain embodiments, the mesophase may be a stable, single-phase material containing monomers that can be polymerized after nanotube alignment to form the nanocomposite polymer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 11, 2012
    Publication date: April 11, 2013
    Applicant: Yale University
    Inventor: Yale University
  • Patent number: 8382992
    Abstract: An apparatus for disinfecting a fluid has a fluid-containing structure; an inward-facing first electrically conductive cylindrical body contained within said fluid-containing structure; an outward-facing electrically conductive-second cylindrical body disposed within said first cylindrical body, in mutually facing parallel and coaxial relation thereto, and spaced apart therefrom to define a fluid-occupiable cavity; a power supply electrically coupled between said first cylindrical body and said second cylindrical body, said power supply producing therebetween an electric field, said field comprising a waveform approximating a series of alternating square wave pulses of opposite polarity, said pulses having a maximum absolute value of approximately 60 volts per centimeter, a complete cycle of said waveform, comprising a first pulse and a succeeding pulse of opposite polarity, recurring with a frequency of between about 2 kHz: and about 5 kHz and providing about 2 amps to about 4 amps.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 14, 2008
    Date of Patent: February 26, 2013
    Assignee: Bio Concept, LLC
    Inventor: Sven Mierswa
  • Patent number: 8384043
    Abstract: A plasmon filter may include an element supportive of plasmon energy and having a plurality of openings through which a material may pass. A system includes a fluid filter supportive of evanescent energy, an evanescent field generator, a sensor, and/or other components. A corresponding method may include generating plasmons on the filter and exposing a material to the plasmon energy.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 1, 2011
    Date of Patent: February 26, 2013
    Inventors: Roderick A. Hyde, Edward K. Y. Jung, William Henry Mangione-Smith, Nathan P. Myhrvold, John Brian Pendry, Clarence T. Tegreene, Charles Whitmer, Lowell L. Wood, Jr.
  • Patent number: 8366937
    Abstract: What is presented is an innovative design of a chemical reactor for catalytic breakdown of halogenated hydrocarbons, the body of which acts as a specialized electromagnet capable of immobilizing and retaining very large quantities of non-magnetized ferro-dia- or para-magnetic material-containing nano, micro-, or milli-particles within it's reactor volume despite high-velocity flow of any liquid through said reactor. This is accomplished without any pre-treatment to the nanoparticles, without the use of adhesive of any sort, electroplating, electrolytic action, nano-structured nanocages, membrane or other impregnation, or any other mechanical or chemical means.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 24, 2008
    Date of Patent: February 5, 2013
    Inventor: Kenneth W. Cross
  • Patent number: 8357282
    Abstract: The present teachings relate to systems and methods for separation of substances such as cells, nucleic acids, and carbon nanotubes. The substances are combined with a separation medium in a liquid sample cavity, for example a microchannel, and transit through the separation by optically activated dielectrophoretic forces. The substances are advantageously labeled and visualized using a microscope and camera.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 20, 2009
    Date of Patent: January 22, 2013
    Assignee: Applied Biosystems, LLC
    Inventor: Aldrich N. K. Lau
  • Publication number: 20130015053
    Abstract: Disclosed is an inductively coupled RF plasma source that provides both magnetic confinement to reduce plasma losses and Faraday shielding to suppress parasitic capacitive components. The inductively coupled RF plasma system comprises an RF power source, plasma chamber, an array of permanent magnets, and an antenna array. The plasma chamber is comprised of walls and a dielectric window having an inner and outer surface wherein the inner surface forms a wall of the plasma chamber. The array of parallel conductive permanent magnets is electrically interconnected and embedded within the dielectric window walls proximate to the inner surface and coupled to ground on one end. The permanent magnet array elements are alternately magnetized toward and away from plasma in the plasma chamber to form a multi-cusp magnetic field. The antenna array may be comprised of parallel tubes through which an RF current is circulated. The antenna array is oriented perpendicular to the permanent magnet array.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 12, 2011
    Publication date: January 17, 2013
    Applicant: VARIAN SEMICONDUCTOR EQUIPMENT ASSOCIATES, INC.
    Inventors: Victor M. Benveniste, Svetlana Rdovanov, Costel Biloiu