Carbocyclic Ring Containing Patents (Class 205/463)
  • Patent number: 10260156
    Abstract: A system and process are disclosed for electrochemically upgrading bio-oils and bio-crudes that enhance yields of selected reduction products for subsequent production of bio-based fuels.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 23, 2016
    Date of Patent: April 16, 2019
    Assignee: BATTELLE MEMORIAL INSTITUTE
    Inventors: Michael A. Lilga, Asanga B. Padmaperuma, Tedd E. Lister, Eric J. Dufek, Lucia M. Petkovic, Luis A. Diaz-Aldana
  • Publication number: 20140346054
    Abstract: An electrochemical reduction device includes: an electrolyte membrane; a reduction electrode having a catalyst metal and a porous conductive compound; and an oxygen generating electrode. The catalytic metal includes at least one of Pt and Pd. The conductive compound includes an oxide, nitride, carbide, oxynitride, carbonitride, or partial oxide of a carbonitride of: one or more metals selected from the group consisting of Ti, Zr, Nb, Mo, Hf, Ta, and W.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 23, 2013
    Publication date: November 27, 2014
    Inventors: Yasushi Sato, Kota Miyoshi, Kojiro Nakagawa, Yoshihiro Konboro
  • Publication number: 20140251821
    Abstract: Methods, equipment, and reagents for preparing organic compounds using custom electrolytes based on different ionic liquids in electrolytic decarboxylation reactions are disclosed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 12, 2014
    Publication date: September 11, 2014
    Applicant: Ceramatec, Inc.
    Inventors: Sai Bhavaraju, James Mosby, Patrick McGuire, Mukund Karanjikar, Daniel Taggart, Jacob Staley
  • Patent number: 8747646
    Abstract: The invention relates to a process for preparing biaryls by anodic cross-dehydrodimerization of substituted phenols with arenes in the presence of partially fluorinated and/or perfluorinated mediators and a supporting electrolyte.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 1, 2010
    Date of Patent: June 10, 2014
    Assignee: BASF SE
    Inventors: Andreas Fischer, Itamar Michael Malkowsky, Florian Stecker, Siegfried R. Waldvogel, Axel Kirste
  • Publication number: 20130118910
    Abstract: Methods and systems for electrochemically generating an oxidation product and a reduction product may include one or more operations including, but not limited to: receiving a feed of at least one organic compound into an anolyte region of an electrochemical cell including an anode; at least partially oxidizing the at least one organic compound at the anode to generate at least carbon dioxide; receiving a feed including carbon dioxide into a catholyte region of the electrochemical cell including a cathode; and at least partially reducing carbon dioxide to generate a reduction product at the cathode.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 21, 2012
    Publication date: May 16, 2013
    Applicant: LIQUID LIGHT, INC.
    Inventor: LIQUID LIGHT, INC.
  • Patent number: 8177963
    Abstract: This invention relates to the partial hydrogenation of sulfur containing petroleum feedstreams by electrochemical means. The partially hydrogenated feedstream is then conducted to processes for either conversion and removal of at least some of the sulfur-containing species from the electrochemical desulfurization process or adsorption and removal of at least some of the sulfur-containing species from the electrochemical desulfurization process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 21, 2008
    Date of Patent: May 15, 2012
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Research and Engineering Company
    Inventors: Mark A. Greaney, Kun Wang, Frank C. Wang
  • Patent number: 7550071
    Abstract: Methods are described for the electrochemical assembly of organic molecules on silicon, or other conducting or semiconducting substrates, using iodonium salt precursors. Iodonium molecules do not assemble on conducting surfaces without a negative bias. Accordingly, the iodonium salts are preferred for patterning applications that rely on direct writing with negative bias. The stability of the iodonium molecule to acidic conditions allows them to be used with standard silicon processing. As a directed assembly process, the use of iodonium salts provides for small features while maintaining the ability to work on a surface and create structures on a wafer level. Therefore, the process is amenable for mass production. Furthermore, the assembled monolayer (or multilayer) is chemically robust, allowing for subsequent chemical manipulations and the introduction of various molecular functionalities for various chemical and biological applications.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 25, 2005
    Date of Patent: June 23, 2009
    Assignee: Sandia Corporation
    Inventors: Shawn M. Dirk, Stephen W. Howell, David R. Wheeler
  • Patent number: 7052593
    Abstract: The present invention provides an electrochemical method for producing diaryl iodonium compounds wherein application of an electric current to an electrochemical cell containing a reaction mixture composed of a solvent, an iodoaryl compound and an electrolyte forms an oxidizing agent in situ. In this first step, the oxidizing agent is subsequently converted into a stable oxidized iodoaryl intermediate, typically an iodosyl compound. The electric potential is removed and in a second step a target aryl compound is introduced to the reaction mixture to react with the oxidized iodoaryl intermediate to form a diaryl iodonium compound.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 7, 2004
    Date of Patent: May 30, 2006
    Assignee: Cornell Development Corporation LLC
    Inventors: Leonard H. Wojcik, Jr., David D. Cornell
  • Patent number: 6419814
    Abstract: Organoiodonium salts, including certain novel symmetrical and unsymmetrical diaryliodonium;. polyiodonium and cyclic iodonium salts are synthesized by a significantly improved electrochemical coupling reaction which provides greater control and selectivity over the end product produced. Reaction mixtures comprising aryliodides and/or aromatic substrates are electrolyzed in novel reaction mediums comprising strong acid electrolyte, lower carboxylic acid, and preferably in the presence of acid anhydride in amounts >10 percent by-weight, and up to 50 percent by-weight or more, to provide a high degree of product selectivity, and at yields which can even be quantitative. The methods are conducted by introducing the electrolysis reaction mixture into an undivided electrochemical cell equipped with a cathode and preferably a conductive carbon anode.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 2, 2000
    Date of Patent: July 16, 2002
    Assignee: Cornell Development LLC
    Inventors: Derek Pletcher, Norman L. Weinberg
  • Patent number: 6267866
    Abstract: An electrode for electrochemical uses is made of a conductive metal mesh coated with boron-doped diamond. The electrode may be used in electrochemical reactions either as a cathode or as an anode, or can be used with an alternating current.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 14, 1999
    Date of Patent: July 31, 2001
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Navy
    Inventors: John W. Glesener, Paul M. Natishan, William E. O'Grady, Arthur A. Morrish, Brian R. Stoner, Patrick L. Hagans
  • Patent number: 5767333
    Abstract: 2,7'-Dimethyl-1,1'-binaphthyl and a process for preparing 2,2'-dimethyl-1,1'-binaphthyl and 2,7'-dimethyl-1,1'-binaphthyl by electrochemically oxidatively dimerizing 2-methylnaphthalene in the presence of acetonitrile/water/electrolyte salt mixtures which additionally contain at least one further component which, is immiscible or only partially miscible with water, and rectifying the reaction mixture obtained under reduced pressure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 8, 1994
    Date of Patent: June 16, 1998
    Assignee: Hoechst AG
    Inventors: Hans Millauer, Adolf Schmidt
  • Patent number: 5700364
    Abstract: A process for synthesizing the compounds ##STR1## wherein X is halo, consists of, at a minimum, electrochemical oxidation of the allyl acetonide reactant with halide salt in an aqueous system, the desired compounds being useful as intermediates for the synthesis of inhibitors of renin or HIV protease or other proteases.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 30, 1996
    Date of Patent: December 23, 1997
    Assignee: Merck & Co., Inc.
    Inventor: Kai Rossen
  • Patent number: 5522982
    Abstract: The invention relates to a process for preparing 4,4'-dimethyl-1,1'-binaphthyl, by electrochemically oxidatively dimerizing 1-methylnaphthalene in the presence of acetonitrile/water/conducting salt mixtures which additionally contain at least one further component which is immiscible or only partially miscible with water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 28, 1995
    Date of Patent: June 4, 1996
    Assignee: Hoechst Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Stephan Brietzke, Hans Millauer