Abstract: A method and an apparatus for separating dry matter from liquid includes an enclosed separation environment capable of being pressure regulated. Within the enclosed separation environment, a suspension is brought into contact with at least one filter so as to accumulate dry matter on the at least one filter. The filter with the dry matter passes through at least one set of rollers such that liquid is removed from the dry matter on the at least one filter to form a substantially dry filter cake. Thereafter, the substantially dry filter cake is removed from the at least one filter. The above steps are performed in the enclosed separation environment either under vacuum or overpressure. The invention may be used in various fields such as the food industry.
Abstract: The disclosed device is directed toward an apparatus for the separation of ions. The apparatus for the separation of ions comprises a vessel including an inlet fluidly coupled to an outlet. A magnetic field is applied substantially orthogonal to the flow of the fluid. The magnetic field applies a force that separates the oppositely charged ions.
August 22, 2007
Date of Patent:
January 12, 2010
6X7 Visioneering, Inc.
Charles E. Brokaw, Thomas E. Brokaw, Crystal D. Brokaw
Abstract: Coolant fluid cleaning method, system, and apparatus use a rotating magnet to remove particulate matter from a fluid used to cool or lubricate a machining or other operation. Such system includes a rotating magnet in fluid communication with apparatus circulating fluid past the rotating magnet. A scraper blade removes particulate matter which is picked up by the rotating magnet. The system or apparatus can include a dirty fluid reservoir, one or more conveyor which removes chips and particulate matter from the dirty fluid reservoir, and a clean fluid reservoir. The rotating magnet collects particulate matter in the dirty fluid reservoir and discharges the collected particulate matter to a discharge conveyance. When the rotating magnet is used in combination with a disc filter, the magnet relieves some cleaning load from the disc filter.
Abstract: A continuous online process for rejuvenating whole stream of contaminated lean sulfolane in an extraction system is provided. In particular, a rejuvenator is installed in the solvent circulation loop to remove the contaminants continuously to keep the solvent clean, effective and less corrosive. Specifically, the rejuvenator comprises a high pressure vessel with a removable cover and a round rack with vertical stainless steel tubes fitted in the high pressure vessel. A magnetic bar is placed in each stainless steel tube. A screen cylinder is installed inside the ring of stainless steel tubes. As the contaminated sulfolane is passed through the rejuvenator, the rejuvenator picks up its contaminants. The rejuvenator can be dissembled to remove the contaminants periodically. The rejuvenator is characterized by simple in construction, reliable in operation, and low in operation and maintenance costs.
Abstract: A device for healing or purification having magnets configured in a pattern conforming to sacred geometry, adapted for rotation about an axis. The device is useful for purifying water and breaking down toxic waste and environmental pollutants from automobiles and industry in water, food, soil and air.
Abstract: Biology and medicine for cleaning biological fluids. A system for correcting a biological fluid includes a sealed container for a magnetically operated absorbent (MOA), a sealed chamber for mixing the absorbent with a biological fluid and for the absorbent precipitation therefrom, and a sealed filtering unit. The chamber and container are embodied so that they can modify the volumes thereof, have a common interchamber partition-wall fixed to the bottom and are interconnected through a passage embodied in the wall. The other sidewalls of the chambers have corrugations which form bellows. Lids of the chambers are pivotally connected so that they are pivotable around the pivot axis. The MOA container is arranged inside the absorber-mixing chamber and embodied as a bellow. An inlet connection is simultaneously connected to the inside cavities of the absorber-mixing chamber and to the container thereof.
Abstract: A microreactor device includes: a microchannel; magnetic particles that are introduced into the microchannel; and a magnet that is arranged on an outside of the microchannel and exerts a magnetic force on the magnetic particles.
Abstract: A filtration device is provided with a filter tank, filter media unit, and magnet. The filter media unit includes a filter media accommodation case and a large number of magnetic granular filter media. The magnet is movable between first and second positions. In the first position, a magnetic field is applied to the magnetic granular filter media, so that the magnetic granular filter media magnetically attract one another. In the second position, magnetic attraction between the magnetic granular filter media is canceled. The filter media accommodation case includes a nonmagnetic mesh member of a nonmagnetic material and magnetism intensification plate of a magnetic material. When the magnet is in the first position, the magnetic granular filter media and nonmagnetic mesh member are located between the magnetism intensification plate and the magnet.
Abstract: Device for the separation of magnetic particles from a liquid, comprising a first vessel (10), a second vessel (20), a connecting surface (11, 21, 30; 200) that runs from the interior of the first vessel (10) to the interior of the second vessel (20), at least one magnet (40) for the provision of a magnetic field, and a guide element (50) by means of which the magnetic field can be guided along one side of the connecting surface (11, 21, 30; 200).
August 18, 2006
August 20, 2009
Thomas Rothmann, Thomas Deutschmann, Christian Lenz, Cordula (Leurs) Homberg
Abstract: An apparatus and method for treating dirty water or other liquids containing particles of varying size includes a magnetic treatment unit and a centrifugal separator through which the liquid flows as a stream in sequence. The magnetic treatment unit causes very small sized particles to agglomerate, nucleate or otherwise to be amassed into larger particles which are then more easily separated by the centrifugal separator.
Abstract: A contaminated fluid recovery apparatus includes a dirty tank, a conveyor, and a drum-shaped filter unit. Inlet ports of the drum-shaped filter unit open along an axis of a magnet drum. The conveyor scrapes out an object for removal settled on a bottom portion of the dirty tank toward an exit section. The conveyor includes a lower portion which moves along the bottom portion and an upper portion which passes over the lower portion. The magnet drum is located horizontally between the lower portion and the upper portion of the conveyor so that its axis is perpendicular to a direction of travel of the conveyor. The magnet drum is driven by a chain of the conveyor.
Abstract: A magnetic filter device for filtering ferromagnetic material from a fluid in which the material is suspended has a pair of annular plates (5, 6) attached to either side of an annular magnet (2) of smaller diameter. Pairs of pole pieces (11, 12) radially disposed on the plates (5, 6) are aligned so as to generate fields of magnetic flux which promote the collection and retention of ferromagnetic material between the pairs of pole pieces (11, 12).
Abstract: A hemodialysis apparatus comprises dialyzer means, dialyzing solution supply means, blood circulation means, and blood irradiation means. Employing electromagnetic radiation in the red visible and near infrared spectrum as part of a hemodialysis apparatus prevents long-term side effects associated with the use of dialysis, including cardiovascular diseases and anemia, and protects and restores the remaining kidney function.
Abstract: A light, compact and low-cost liquid fuel reformer for removing the harmful substances within the exhaust gas discharged from vehicles having two magnet holding cases (3, 3?) accommodating respectively anisotropic metallic materials (7, 7?). The magnet holding cases (3?) and (3) are magnetically secured each other at respective commissure (3a, 3a?), pinching connecting tube (24) made of nonmagnetic material through which the liquid fuel flows. The magnetic fields generated by the anisotropic magnetic materials (7) and (7?) are orthogonal to the connecting tube. The connecting tube has an outer tube (24A) made of nonferrous metal and an inner tube (24B) made of nonferrous metal. These two types of nonferrous metal are selected so as to generate an electric potential difference between the outer tube (24A) and the inner body tube (24B).
Abstract: A cooling water recycling filter comprises a supersonic and electromagnetic wave limescale processor installed inside a main water recycling system of water storage tank and a sub water recycling system installed outside a main water recycling system. The sub water recycling system comprises a water quality control unit, a limescale processor unit, a limescale separation and filter unit and a high level oxidization and processing unit. An electric conductivity sensor, a PH value sensor, and an ORP oxidization and reduction potential meter of water quality control unit are used to measure the values of water quality. A limescale processor and impurities separator is used to filter impurities of the cooling water. After the cooling water is filtered precisely by the limescale separation and filter unit, the cooling water is sterilized by a copper and silver sterilizing and algae-killing unit of a sterilization unit.
Abstract: The present invention provides a filter for drinking water, including six filtering bottles. The fifth filtering bottle is formed with ion exchange resins, and the sixth filtering bottle is formed with a ceramic filtering core. The arrangement of the original third and fourth filtering bottles of the prior art is transposed, and a device for preventing a magnet of the filter from rusting is provided. The filtering bottles are orderly in turns and connected by tubes, and the fourth filtering bottle is connected with the fifth and sixth filtering bottles by a three-way pipe. Water is poured into a first filtering bottle and discharged from the fifth or sixth filtering bottle.
Abstract: A filter device has a filter tank into which a contaminated fluid is introduced, a magnetic ball filter medium using a large number of metal balls, magnets, and lift rods. The magnetic ball filter medium is formed of an aggregate of a large number of spherical metal balls of a magnetic material and is held in a filter medium storage portion in a manner such that the metal balls are movable relatively to one another. The magnets are movable between a first position and a second position. When in the first position, the magnets apply a magnetic field to the metal balls, thereby causing the metal balls magnetically to attract one another and so that the metal balls are fixed to one another. When in the second position, the magnetic attraction between the metal balls is canceled so that the metal balls are movable.
Abstract: The invention provides a filter press comprising a support frame; a plurality of filter plates mounted adjacent one another on the support frame, the filter plates being displaceable between an inoperative position wherein adjacent filter plates are spaced apart, and an operative position wherein adjacent filter plates abut to form filtration cavities between them; the filter plates in their inoperative position being angularly displaceable relative to the support frame; and actuating means adapted angularly to displace the filter plates relative to the support frame so as to discharge filter cake from the filtration cavities.
April 3, 2006
March 12, 2009
Horst Christian Schulte, Percy Forssman
Abstract: A system for separating particulate from a fluid stream having an inlet solids content, the system comprising: a magnetic dynamic settling vessel comprising at least one magnetic field inside the vessel and/or one magnetized component; at least one inlet for introduction of the fluid stream having a starting solids content; at least one exit for a stream comprising a solids content not greater than the inlet solids content; at least one exit for a fluid stream comprising a solids content not less than the inlet solids content; and a vertical feed conduit extending at least 70% of the distance from the at least one fluid inlet to the at least one exit for a fluid stream comprising a solids content not less than the inlet solids content. A method for separating particulate from a fluid stream having an inlet solids content is also provided.
Abstract: A filter is made of a rubber having magnetism to attract metal paricles in a fluid for filtering impurities. The filter can be used in a hydraulic transmission system or even an air filter used in a semiconductor production.
Abstract: An apparatus is provided that introduces rapidly spinning vortices in a fluid, including water. It incorporates a fluid system, or fluid source, with a vortex creation apparatus and a frequency generation device. The vortices prepare the fluid to have memorized electromagnetic frequency signatures of harmful materials erased, and a new, desirable signature introduced. The desirable frequency can be introduced though a number of means, such as electricity, sound waves, and magnetic fields, using such devices as power leads, speakers, transducers, and magnets. Frequencies from desirable materials can also be applied by contacting the fluid with the material, such as metallic strands of copper and silver. The desirable frequencies make the fluid an inhospitable environment for the biological contaminants, such as bacteria, algae, and fungi, reducing their numbers in the fluid.
Abstract: An object of the invention is to provide a wastewater treatment system using a superconducting magnetic separator that can wash the magnetic filter efficiently. The system comprises in a bore of a superconducting magnet a removably built-up multiunit magnetic filter consisting of a plurality of single-unit magnetic filters. The multiunit magnetic filter has a total longitudinal length at least equal or greater than that of the superconducting magnet. During excitation of the superconducting magnet, a single-unit magnetic filter is removed from the upstream side (sewage side) of the multiunit magnetic filter by pushing in another single-unit magnetic filter from the downstream side (clean water side), and washed and returned to the downstream side again.
Abstract: The invention relates to a method for handling particles (1, 2) that are suspended in a carrier liquid (3). The method includes the following steps: the carrier liquid (3) is received with the particles (1, 2) in a liquid siphoning device (10) including at least one siphoning opening (11), electrical and/or magnetic separating fields are generated in the liquid siphoning device (10), a sedimentation movement of the particles (1, 2) is created in the liquid, each particle having a sedimentation speed that depends on the action of the separating fields on the particle (1, 2) and the particles (1, 2) forming a plurality of particle fractions (5, 6) according to the sedimentation speeds thereof, and the particle fractions (5, 6) are separately extracted from the liquid siphoning device (10). The invention also relates to a handling device (100) for handling suspended particles (1, 2).
Abstract: The liquid treatment apparatus includes a raw water tank 1 in which a first magnetic-force nanobubble generator 51 is provided, and a treatment water tank 62 in which a second magnetic-force nanobubble generator 52 is provided. The first magnetic-force nanobubble generator 51 has a magnetic water activator 12, a microbubble generation section 8, a first gas shearing section 6, and a second gas shearing section 4. The second magnetic-force nanobubble generator 52 has a magnetic water activator 48, a microbubble generation section 46, a first gas shearing section 43, and a second gas shearing section 41. In the raw water tank 1 and the treatment water tank 62, magnetic-force nanobubble flows 3, 40 which are nanobubbles generated in water subjected to action of magnetic force by the magnetic water activators 12, 48 are generated.
May 28, 2008
December 4, 2008
Sharp Kabushiki Kaisha
Kazuyuki Yamasaki, Kazumi Chuhjoh, Koji Iwata, Masaki Kataoka
Abstract: A ceramic filter in which support rods are connected between two inner covers at the top and bottom sides of the ceramic filter core to hold a respective scraper against the periphery of the ceramic filter core, and a rotary outer cover is provided and connected to one inner cover by means of magnetic attraction such that when the rotary outer cover is rotated, the scrapers are moved against the periphery of the ceramic filter core to remove dirt from the ceramic filter core.
Abstract: A method and apparatus of fluid treatment for a plurality of fluids with a first and a second non-magnetically conductive fluid flow conduit sleeved within at least one segment of magnetically conductive conduit providing a plurality of distinct areas of concentrated magnetic energy. The instant invention prevents the formation and accumulation of contaminants within conduits and on equipment utilized in the transportation, delivery and processing of fluid columns. It may also be utilized to accelerate the separation of oil and water and increase the efficiency of oil/water separation equipment.
Abstract: A contaminated fluid recovery apparatus includes a sludge removal mechanism having a dirty tank, a conveyor, and a magnetic drum which is arranged in the fluid circulating section. The contaminated fluid recovery apparatus is provided with an overflow tank. The overflow tank has a function to keep a fluid surface of the dirty tank in a position higher than the fluid circulating section and the magnetic drum. The magnetic drum is located horizontally between a lower portion and an upper portion of the conveyor. The conveyor scrapes out chips deposited on a bottom portion of the dirty tank toward an exit section. A scraping member, which is in contact with the magnetic drum, drops sludge attracted to the magnetic drum toward the lower portion of the conveyor.
Abstract: A vibration filter that eliminates the problems of polarization, blockage and fouling is disclosed to include a separation membrane for removing solid matter in a fluid, a base, a magnetic field generator controllable to provide a variable magnetic flux, and vibrators made by a magnetostrictive material and arranged in an array on the base and kept in close contact with the separation membrane for vibrating the separation membrane upon generation of a variable magnetic flux by the magnetic field generator.
October 28, 2005
Date of Patent:
October 14, 2008
Industrial Technology Research Institute
Abstract: A magnetic separation filtering and cleaning apparatus for adding flocculant and magnetic powder to raw water containing pollutant particles to form magnetic floc in treated fluid and separating and removing the magnetic floc from the treated fluid, comprising: a magnetic field generation device being provided in a rotating body for suctioning the magnetic floc on a surface of the rotating body from the treated fluid containing the magnetic floc, a magnetic field rotating device for rotating the magnetic field generation device, a sludge recovery device for separating sludge including the magnetic floc mechanically from the surface of the rotating body of the magnetic field generation device; and a filtering device having a rotating net for filtering out the magnetic floc from the treated fluid including the magnetic floc and flowing down the treated fluid filtered through the rotating net.
Abstract: The present invention provides an apparatus for inducing magnetism in a flowstream of an at least partially magnetizable particulate feed material suspended in a liquid, the apparatus including: a treatment chamber having an inlet and an outlet through which the flowstream respectively enters and exits the chamber; and a magnetic source able to be selectively activated with respect to the treatment chamber, such that, when activated, the magnetic source induces magnetism in at least some of the particulate feed material located in the chamber. This allows the introduction of a high gradient magnetic field to effectively magnetize both the weakly and strongly magnetic particulates for subsequent removal by setting or other techniques. When the magnetic source is deactivated, the flow stream of feed material dissipates the deposits of magnetized material from around the source to reduce the possibility of any flow restrictions and maintain the effectiveness of magnets.
February 15, 2002
Date of Patent:
September 30, 2008
Ausmetec Pty. Ltd.
Barry Lumsden, Maureen Helen Miner, legal representative, Robert Miner
Abstract: A fluid purifier includes a filter having a chamber of reduced cross section formed either between an inner wall and an outer wall or within the inner wall. A ceramic layer of granular ceramic particles and at least a pair of magnetic layers each comprising an annular magnet and magnetite pieces are provided above or below the ceramic layer in the chamber. The annular magnets are arranged in such a way that the same polarities of adjacent annular magnets are facing each other, and the direction of the magnetic lines of force is parallel to the direction of flow of the fluid. Fluid molecules are activated while passing through the magnetic field produced by the magnetic layers of annular magnets and magnetite pieces which are magnetized by the annular magnets. In other embodiments the magnets may be differently and irregularly shaped magnet pieces, magnetite pieces may also be present and the magnet pieces and/or the magnetite pieces may be coated with the ceramic.
Abstract: A water treatment unit for positioning in a sport bottle or container for treating water includes a prefilter section, a pretreatment section, a treatment section and a post treatment section. A first chamber in the pretreatment section contains a first treatment medium which comprises at least one loose particulate medium through which the water to be treated flows in a vertical upward direction during treatment to lift the medium. A second chamber in the treatment section contains a second treatment medium through which the treated water flows in a radial horizontal direction during treatment. And a third chamber in the post treatment section contains a third treatment medium through which the water to be treated flows during treatment.
Abstract: A cleanout system and method for removal of metal debris from a fluid flow, such a flow of re-circulated drilling mud employs one or more magnetic unit positioned in the path of the fluid for collecting metal particles from the flow. The magnetic unit has a removable magnet core positioned in a non-magnetic sleeve. When the core is removed from the sleeve the attracted metal particles are allowed to drop from the sleeve under gravity to facilitate their collection and disposal. A fluid deflector is positioned upstream from each magnetic unit, protecting the magnetic unit from direct impact by the strong flow. The magnetic units are allowed to pivot from side-to-side and adjust their position in the flow.
Abstract: A waste water purification system for purifying polluted salt water including oil and the like by coagulating and separating pollutant matter in the polluted salt water can regenerate and reuse a coagulant in the system while scarcely resupplying the coagulant, an acid solution and an alkaline solution. The acid and alkaline solutions are required for disintegrating coagulated flocs from the polluted salt water and regenerating the coagulant from sludge. Alkaline water enriched in sodium hydroxide and an acidic aqueous solution containing hydrochloric acid and the like are generated by electrolyzing the purified salt water. The flocs in the separated sludge are disintegrated by use of the alkaline water, pollutant matter is removed from the disintegrated aqueous solution, and the strong acidic containing the hydrochloric acid is added to the aqueous solution removed of the pollutant matter to have the coagulant. The coagulant can be thus regenerated from the recovered sludge.
Abstract: The invention relates to bio water purifier which improves the structure of water molecular and changes the water to weak alkali drinker. The invention comprises a sediment filter removing rust and floating matters in the water, a precarbon filter removing chlorine and impurities in the water, a ceramic material tube improving the water molecule, maximizing movement of the water molecule and making weak alkali water by radiating far infrared ray, a silver carbon filter removing odor and bacteria in the water and activating the water, and a ceramic filter removing various harmful matters in the water.
Abstract: A filter element (8), especially for use in backwash filtering systems, includes a filtering element through which a contaminated fluid flows in at least one direction (24). An intercepting device (62) has at least one rod-shaped permanent magnet or electromagnet (64) that at least partially removes magnetizable, especially ferritic portions from the fluid, before the fluid flows through the filtering element. A detaching device (68) removes the magnetizable portions from the intercepting device (62). The detaching device (68) is configured by a stripper ring (70) that travels along the rod-shaped magnet (64) and removes the portions retained by the intercepting device (62). When the filtering element is backwashed, the stripper ring (70), moved by the fluid flow, detaches the portions retained by the intercepting device (62).
April 14, 2004
Date of Patent:
July 8, 2008
Hydac Technology GmbH.
Ralf Wnuk, Seddik Lahbib, Markus Olschok
Abstract: A permanent magnet array iron filter has a generally circular collar made of a high magnetic permeability material with a plurality of magnetic assemblies interiorly disposed longitudinally around an interior circumference therein. Each magnetic assembly has two magnets with opposite poles facing the center of the filter and a gap between the adjacent assemblies. This arrangement intensifies the resultant magnetic field and projects the field deeply within the interior region of the filter. Rare earth permanent magnets are used to maximize the magnetic field. The collar may be coated with a plastic coating to protect the filter. The collar has a gap to provide flexibility when sliding the filter over an oil filter. The thickness of the collar may be adjusted to meet the requirements of a particular application.
Abstract: A magnetic device adapted for various engine oil filtering apparatuses is proposed in the present invention. It includes an elastic metal plate; multiple holding bases, each of which has at least a containing portion, the holding bases being disposed on the elastic metal plate; and multiple magnets disposed in the containing portions of the holding bases respectively. The magnetic device has a sectional design and has various flexible combinations. Hence, it is more applicable and reduces the costs of production.
Abstract: A two-step chemical precipitation process involving hydroxide precipitation and sulfide precipitation combined with “field separation” technology such as magnetic separation, dissolved air flotation, vortex separation, or expanded plastics flotation, effectively removes chelated and non-chelated heavy metal precipitates and other fine particles from water. In the first-step, the non-chelated heavy metals are precipitated as hydroxides and removed from the water by a conventional liquid/solids separator such as an inclined plate clarifier to remove a large percentage of the dissolved heavy metals. The cleaned water is then treated in a second precipitation step to remove the residual heavy metals to meet discharge limits. In the second precipitation step, any metal precipitant more effective than hydroxide for metal precipitation can be used.
Abstract: An apparatus for separating a predetermined amount of magnetic particles in a fluid, including a fluid conveyance portion having at least a first flow channel for supplying a fluid containing the magnetic particles, a second flow channel for discharging the separated magnetic particles, and an intersection at which the first flow channel and the second flow channel intersect each other, a capture unit for capturing a predetermined amount of the magnetic particles in the fluid supplied from the first flow channel to the intersection when a magnetic field is applied to the intersection of the fluid conveyance portion, and a discharge unit for removing the magnetic field applied to the intersection to discharge the magnetic particles captured by the capture unit by way of a medium introduced into the second flow channel.
Abstract: A magnetic separation unit can prevent any magnetic flocs deposited on an inner wall of a water passing pipe from closing a water channel for stabilizing a magnetic separation performance and reduce cost by a small-diameter portion of the water passing pipe. The magnetic separation unit has an air-core solenoid type magnet provided around the water passing pipe guiding, from a lower side, treated water including magnetic flocs in which contaminants and magnetic particles are flocculated, a rotating disc type magnetic filter case provided above the air-core solenoid type magnet for attracting the magnetic flocs in the treated water supplied from the water passing pipe and flushing means for flushing the matrixes to which the magnetic flocs are attracted. The water passing pipe has a small-diameter pipe positioned in the air-core solenoid type magnet, and an enlarged pipe enlarged from the small-diameter pipe toward a water passing part of the rotating disc type magnetic filter case.
Abstract: What is presented is an innovative design of a chemical reactor for catalytic breakdown of halogenated hydrocarbons, the body of which acts as a specialized electromagnet capable of immobilizing and retaining very large quantities of non-magnetized ferro- dia- or para-magnetic material-containing nano, micro-, or milli-particles within it's reactor volume despite high-velocity flow of any liquid through said reactor. This is accomplished without any pre-treatment to the nanoparticles, without the use of adhesive of any sort, electroplating, electrolytic action, nano-structured nanocages, membrane or other impregnation, or any other mechanical or chemical means.
Abstract: A fluid filter device includes a container having a passage for a fluid to flow through the container, and having an inner peripheral chamber for receiving a filter medium which includes a bore communicating with the passage of the container, one or more guide members are disposed in the bore of the filter medium for stirring the fluid and for converting the fluid into an eddy flow. A filter screen is disposed and engaged with the filter medium for anchoring the filter medium. The filter medium includes a number of grooves for receiving particles or contaminants. One or more magnetic devices may be disposed in or on the container for attracting and collecting the metal particles or contaminants.
Abstract: A replaceable module for capturing amalgam and mercury from the waste water disposal system of a dental office, in which the waste water flows into a settling chamber, overflows from the settling chamber into a magnetically-assisted sluice, and then after being further cleaned by the sluice, flows on to a sewer connection.
Abstract: An exemplary method and system for reducing or eliminating the formation of solid precipitates/deposits of a flowing fluid, such as oil, or for reducing or eliminating existing solid precipitates/deposits contained in a flowing fluid, is provided. A fluid conditioning system and method are provided, along with a magnetic fluid conditioner that provides numerous magnetic field transitions through a magnetic flux density in the flow path of the fluid to reduce the formation of precipitates/deposits. A recirculating system using the invention may be set up to reduce deposits, such as paraffin in oil, by circulating oil through a pump, a magnetic fluid conditioner, a tank, and, in one embodiment, and a heater until the deposits/precipitates have been transitioned from a solid to a liquid. A multi-pole magnet, such as an eight-pole magnet, may be used in an embodiment of the present invention to increase the effectiveness of the present invention.
Abstract: A method for testing the integrity of a membrane includes steps of placing a magnetically susceptible material in a fluid upstream of the membrane, collecting the material downstream of the membrane using a magnetic field, and detecting the material using a sensor.
December 15, 2005
Date of Patent:
April 15, 2008
The Board of Trustees of the University of Illinois
Nandakishore Rajagopalan, Todd N. Rusk, Robert A. Sanford
Abstract: A magnetically enhanced oil filter apparatus includes an oil filtration assembly which includes a filtration assembly base having oil inlets and an oil outlet located in the filtration assembly base. A filtration material support bracket rests on the filtration assembly base. A quantity of filtration material is supported by the filtration material support bracket. A flow director shroud is connected to the filtration material support bracket. A top portion of the flow director shroud extends over the filtration material. A retainer spring urges the filtration material support bracket in firm contact with the filtration assembly base. A magnetic flux assembly rests on the oil filtration assembly, and assembly-to-assembly connection means are provided for connecting the magnetic flux assembly to the oil filtration assembly. The apparatus of the invention permits ferromagnetic particles to be removed from oil prior to being filtered through a quantity of filtration material.