Prior To Ion Exchange Or Sorption Patents (Class 210/669)
  • Patent number: 10533145
    Abstract: A method for producing fatty acid alkyl esters and glycerol implementing a set of transesterification reactions between at least one vegetable or animal oil and at least one aliphatic monoalcohol includes: introducing, into a three-dimensional microball mill at least one vegetable and/or animal oil, at least one aliphatic monoalcohol and at least one heterogenous and/or homogenous catalyst in order to form an initial mixture; grinding the initial mixture at a temperature?50° C., in a three-dimensional microball mill, for a residence time?5 minutes; recovering, at the outlet of the three-dimensional mill, a final mixture including at least fatty acid alkyl esters, glycerol, the catalyst and the aliphatic monoalcohol that has not reacted; and separating this final mixture of a first phase including the fatty acid alkyl esters and of a second phase including the glycerol, the aliphatic monoalcohol that has not reacted and the catalyst.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 30, 2017
    Date of Patent: January 14, 2020
    Assignee: EASYL
    Inventors: François Lacoste, Julien Thiel, Valentin Lair, Samy Halloumi
  • Patent number: 10472256
    Abstract: A system for processing wastewater includes a wastewater source, a biomass burner, and a first heat exchanger. The biomass burner is configured to receive biomass from a biomass source, combust the biomass to produce heat and ash, receive a thermal transfer fluid, and heat the thermal transfer fluid using the heat produced from the combustion of the biomass. The first heat exchanger is configured to heat the wastewater to produce steam. The first heat exchanger includes a first inlet, a second inlet, a first outlet, a second outlet, and a third outlet. The first inlet is configured to receive the wastewater from the wastewater source. The second inlet is configured to receive the thermal transfer fluid from the biomass burner. The first outlet is configured to discharge the steam. The second outlet is configured to discharge the thermal transfer fluid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 27, 2018
    Date of Patent: November 12, 2019
    Assignee: Morningside Venture Investments Limited
    Inventor: Frank Schubert
  • Patent number: 9988285
    Abstract: A filter material having a function of adsorbing and fixing arsenic and heavy metals and usage thereof. The filter material includes a porous ceramic substrate with porosity of 35%-85%, and zero-valent iron nanoparticles formed in situ within the porous ceramic substrate. The porous ceramic substrate has micropores of 2-10 micron, and fluffy amorphous silicon-iron-carbon structure is formed within each micropore. At least 25 wt % of ceramic component constituting the porous ceramic substrate is diatomaceous earth, and the fluffy amorphous silicon-iron-carbon structure within the micropore can form an adsorption film after water absorption. In the microstructure, the filter material obtained is configured as a porous and fluffy nose-like filter structure and generates an adsorption film, thereby greatly improving adsorption efficiency and adapting to changes in water quality and chemical environment.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 2, 2013
    Date of Patent: June 5, 2018
    Assignee: SUZHOU MICRO CERAMICS HEAVY METAL FILTER TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD.
    Inventor: Liangjie Dong
  • Patent number: 9991012
    Abstract: A process for extracting Cs-137 from i) an acidic solution obtained by dissolving an irradiated solid target comprising uranium, ii) an acidic solution comprising uranium which has previously been irradiated in a nuclear reactor, or iii) an acidic solution comprising uranium which has been used as reactor fuel in a homogeneous reactor, the acidic solution i), ii) or iii) having been treated to harvest Mo-99, wherein the process comprises contacting the treated acidic solution with an adsorbent comprising ammonium molybdophosphate (AMP). In an embodiment, the AMP is combined with an organic or inorganic polymeric support, for example AMP synthesized within hollow aluminosilicate microspheres (AMP-C).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 6, 2011
    Date of Patent: June 5, 2018
    Assignee: MALLINCKRODT NUCLEAR MEDICINE LLC
    Inventor: Luis A. M. M. Barbosa
  • Patent number: 9879120
    Abstract: A method of producing a scale-control resin including combining in an aqueous solution a cation-exchange resin and a weak-acid anion mineral or salt having a multivalent cation to allow ion exchange between the resin and the multivalent cation. The cation-exchange resin may be a weak-acid ion exchange resin. The method may further include adding a strong-acid salt having the same multivalent cation as the weak-acid anion mineral or salt to the aqueous solution.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 27, 2009
    Date of Patent: January 30, 2018
    Assignee: WATTS REGULATOR CO.
    Inventor: Evan E. Koslow
  • Patent number: 9845448
    Abstract: A water hardness controlling agent includes a polyacrylic acid or salt thereof having a molecular weight of between about 1,000 and about 50,000 g/mol, an acrylic-maleic acid copolymer or salt thereof having a molecular weight of between about 1,000 and about 100,000 g/mol and a phosphonocarboxylic acid or salt thereof. A ratio of acrylic-maleic acid copolymer or salt thereof to polyacrylic acid or salt thereof to phosphonocarboxylic acid or salt thereof in parts per million is about 1-30:10-80:6-20.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 23, 2014
    Date of Patent: December 19, 2017
    Assignee: Ecolab USA Inc.
    Inventors: Altony J. Miralles, Carter M. Silvernail
  • Patent number: 9617173
    Abstract: Methods for recovering energy and water from at least one energy-rich process water stream are provided. The methods optionally incorporate the use of filtration, reverse osmosis, ion exchange, water softening, forward osmosis, and membrane distillation. The methods can be used to recover energy and water from blowdown or condensate from a water-containing industrial process, which in certain embodiments may be a boiler system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 4, 2013
    Date of Patent: April 11, 2017
    Assignee: ECOLAB USA INC.
    Inventors: Deepak A. Musale, Roger W. Fowee
  • Patent number: 9598504
    Abstract: A process of making low-endotoxin chitosan or alkali-stable polysaccharide is performed by suspending bulk chitosan fibers or flakes or alkali-stable polysaccharide to form a reaction mixture in an aqueous solution of alcohol. Ammonia is the added to the reaction mixture to raise pH of the reaction mixture to above 9.5. The reactive mixture with a pH above 9.5 is heated at a temperature of at least 130° C. for at least 20 minutes. The heated reaction mixture is cooled to less than 60° C. and then sparged with an inert gas to remove ammonia. Separating the chitosan or alkali-stable polysaccharide from the sparged reaction mixture. The chitosan fibers or polysaccharide is rinsed with an endotoxin-free aqueous liquid to form a rinsed fiber mass. The rinsed fiber mass is further rinsed with an alcohol to remove water, and dried at a temperature below 100° C. to form the low-endotoxin chitosan or alkali-stable polysaccharide.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 16, 2014
    Date of Patent: March 21, 2017
    Assignee: CHITOGEN INC.
    Inventors: James F. Drake, David R. Senogles
  • Patent number: 9389016
    Abstract: Methods for drying seeds comprising: a) contacting seeds with zeolite particles and allowing said zeolite particles to take up moisture from said seeds; or b) passing an airflow over zeolite particles, thereby allowing said zeolite particles to dry the air in said airflow and passing said dried airflow over the seeds; or c) placing said seeds and zeolite particles in an air-tight container and allowing said zeolite particles to take up the moisture evaporated by said seed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 14, 2011
    Date of Patent: July 12, 2016
    Assignee: RHINO RESEARCH EUROPE B.V.
    Inventor: Johan Van Asbrouck
  • Patent number: 9340441
    Abstract: The present invention provides a system for treating wastewater in which the majority of solids and biological oxygen demand compounds are separated from the wastewater feed using a primary separation process, to produce a solids phase and a water phase. The solids phase is irradiated to reduce the level of pathogens such that it is safe to use as a soil substitute and/or additive so that the solids can thus be disposed of in an environmentally-friendly manner. In additional embodiments, the solids that have been disinfected by radiation are mixed with a suitable inert filler material to produce a soil substitute, fertilizer, compost, or other soil additive. The liquid phase is treated in a substantially smaller system than would be required for treating the full-strength wastewater that can include a suspended media biological regeneration reactor system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 21, 2014
    Date of Patent: May 17, 2016
    Assignees: Saudi Arabian Oil Company, Siemens Energy, Inc.
    Inventors: William G. Conner, Osama I. Fageeha, Thomas E. Schultz
  • Patent number: 9259525
    Abstract: Methods and devices are provided for reducing the concentration of low molecular weight compounds in a biological composition containing cells while substantially maintaining a desired biological activity of the biological composition. The device comprises highly porous adsorbent particles, and the adsorbent particles are immobilized by an inert matrix. The matrix containing the particles is contained in a housing, and the particles range in diameter from about 100 ?m to about 1500 ?m. The device can be used to adsorb and remove a pathogen-inactivating compounds from a biological composition such as a blood product.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 21, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 16, 2016
    Assignee: Cerus Corporation
    Inventor: Derek J. Hei
  • Patent number: 9255025
    Abstract: A system and method for the treatment of wastewater. In one aspect, the invention can be a method for treating wastewater comprising: a) introducing untreated wastewater into a holding tank; b) flowing the untreated wastewater into a first wastewater treatment trailer to provide a first treatment regimen to the untreated wastewater to form a first treated wastewater; c) flowing the first treated wastewater into a second wastewater treatment trailer to provide a second treatment regimen to the first treated wastewater to form a second treated wastewater; and wherein the holding tank, the first wastewater treatment trailer and the second wastewater treatment trailer are fluidly coupled together to facilitate flow of the untreated wastewater from the holding tank into the first wastewater treatment trailer and flow of the first treated wastewater from the first wastewater treatment trailer into the second wastewater treatment trailer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 22, 2013
    Date of Patent: February 9, 2016
    Inventors: Gerard Willem Smiddy, Frank Leslie Smiddy
  • Patent number: 9079842
    Abstract: A method for separating a salified phenolic compound from a reaction medium including same is described. Also described, is a method for separating salified phenolic compounds from an aqueous reaction medium resulting from the reaction of a phenolic compound and glyoxylic acid in the presence of a base, which leads to a reaction medium including at least the excess of the starting salified phenolic compound and the various salified mandelic compounds resulting from the reaction, wherein the reaction medium including the starting salified phenolic compound is contacted with an adsorbent substrate. This leads to the selective adsorption of the phenolic compound onto said substrate and to the recovery of an aqueous flow containing the salified mandelic compounds from the reaction, and in that the phenolic compound attached onto the adsorbent is desorbed by means of a regenerating treatment of the adsorbent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 30, 2010
    Date of Patent: July 14, 2015
    Assignee: RHODIA OPERATIONS
    Inventor: Magali Desouhant-Massacret
  • Publication number: 20150144565
    Abstract: Methods to separate or recover brine that is present in an invert emulsion are described. The brine is present as an internal phase in the invert emulsion. The brine can be a valuable component, such as an alkali metal formate, and separation and recovering of the brine from the invert emulsion permits the brine to be reused.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 21, 2014
    Publication date: May 28, 2015
    Inventors: Lauren J. Kaminski, Siv K. Howard, Ravi Sharma, Lukasz Grzybek
  • Patent number: 8974673
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method and apparatus for restoring the extractive potential of organic hydroxyoxime-based extraction solution used in the recovery of metals by liquid-liquid extraction. The method is two-stage, in which an aqueous solution of hydroxylamine or some hydroxylamine compound is used in the reaction stage, and the removal of the undesirable compounds generated in the reaction occurs in the second stage by adsorption purification. The reaction stage and the adsorptive stage are carried out in a mixing tank.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 26, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 10, 2015
    Assignee: Outotec Oyj
    Inventors: Erkki Paatero, Kai Jyrkkä, Sami Virolainen
  • Patent number: 8974676
    Abstract: Methods and apparatus relate to treating fluid to at least reduce selenium content within the fluid. The treating includes conditioning stages to alter a composition of the fluid prior to removal of the selenium content from the fluid. The composition of the fluid after the conditioning stages facilitates the removal of the selenium content or at least limits detrimental impact to selenium removal efficiency.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 25, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 10, 2015
    Assignee: Phillips 66 Company
    Inventors: Mark A. Hughes, Charles J. Lord, III, Bruce B. Randolph, Joe B. Cross, Sumod Kalakkunnath, Mike K. Corbett, Roger K. Goenner, Larry E. Reed
  • Patent number: 8974671
    Abstract: Process for the treatment of the aqueous stream coming from the Fischer-Tropsch reaction comprising: feeding the aqueous stream containing the organic by products of the reaction to a distillation or stripping column; separation from the column of an aqueous stream enriched in alcohols having from 1 to 8 carbon atoms and other possible volatile compounds; feeding the aqueous stream containing the organic acids leaving the bottom of the distillation column to an ion exchange step wherein said aqueous stream is put in contact with an anionic exchange resin bed and the production of two outgoing aqueous streams: an aqueous stream (i) enriched in organic acids having from 1 to 8 carbon atoms; a purified aqueous stream (ii) with a low content of organic acids.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 28, 2009
    Date of Patent: March 10, 2015
    Assignee: ENI S.p.A.
    Inventors: Roberta Miglio, Renzo Bignazzi
  • Publication number: 20150021270
    Abstract: Embodiments disclosed here include a buoyant filtration system and method including a buoyant inflatable segmented rim encircling a void and attached to a submersible bag. Some embodiments include the buoyant inflatable rim segments with an inflation/deflation valve, ballast attachment, a hose and pump to remove liquid from the void. Some embodiments include at least two filters, connected to the hose.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 6, 2014
    Publication date: January 22, 2015
    Inventor: Michael ZLOTKIN
  • Patent number: 8936727
    Abstract: The systems and processes disclosed herein relate generally to multi bed temperature controlled adsorption for use in the recovery of sorbates that are removed from process streams by adsorption. Multi bed temperature controlled adsorber systems can include three or more temperature controlled adosrbers that operate in parallel. Each temperature controlled adsorber through a series of steps including an adsorption step, a first bed to bed interchange, a regeneration step, and a second bed to bed interchange.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 6, 2009
    Date of Patent: January 20, 2015
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Stephen R. Dunne, David A. Wegerer
  • Publication number: 20150014252
    Abstract: Water bottle coupled with a filtration cartridge including a plastic reservoir sufficiently flexible so that it can be gripped and squeezed, a drinking cap removably attached to the reservoir, a replaceable filtering element removably coupled with the drinking spout portion of the cap through which water inside the reservoir passes before being released through the spout. The removable filter includes and entry and an exit layer of felt and a layer of activated charcoal mixed with zeolite to reduce chlorine, trihalomethanes, organochlorines and heavy metals. The reservoir can fits into a magnetized base which can also be embedded in the body of the reservoir, and a cover to cover the cap and spout which dispenses purified water to the consumer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 15, 2013
    Publication date: January 15, 2015
    Inventor: Jonatas Justus, SR.
  • Patent number: 8889010
    Abstract: A method for treating low barium frac water includes contacting a frac water stream with a radium selective complexing resin to produce a low radium stream, passing the low radium stream through a thermal brine concentrator to produce a concentrated brine; and passing the concentrated brine through a thermal crystallizer to yield road salt.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 25, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 18, 2014
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: James Manio Silva, Hope Matis, William Leonard Kostedt, IV
  • Publication number: 20140305872
    Abstract: A system adapted to separate a natural gas feed stream into a sweetened gas stream and at least one gaseous waste stream, and to discharge, recover or destroy the at least one gaseous waste stream. The system includes an acid gas separation subsystem adapted to separate the natural gas feed stream into the sweetened gas stream and a first portion of the at least one gaseous waste stream, a destruction subsystem adapted to incinerate the first portion of the at least one gaseous waste stream to form a flue gas, and a scrubber reactor subsystem adapted to receive a water stream and/or an oxygen containing air stream, and to remove at least one portion of the flue gas using the water stream to form a vent gas stream and a wastewater stream, wherein the vent gas is exhausted to the atmosphere.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 26, 2014
    Publication date: October 16, 2014
    Inventor: Richard Paul Posa
  • Publication number: 20140291248
    Abstract: Blood treatment systems and methods are provided for combining a blood separation system and an adsorption device. The blood separation system is configured to separate a blood component from blood, while the adsorption device is configured to receive at least a portion of the separated blood component and process it. The blood separation system includes a fluid flow element and a controller. The fluid flow element is configured for flowing the separated blood component into the adsorption device. The controller controls the fluid flow element based at least in part on one or more processing parameters. The processing parameters include a maximum flow rate of the separated blood component flowed into the adsorption device, a maximum pressure of the separated blood component flowed into the adsorption device, and/or the volume of fluid in a location of the system.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 13, 2011
    Publication date: October 2, 2014
    Applicant: Fenwal, Inc
    Inventors: John T. Foley, Jonathan Prendergast, Lan T. Nguyen, Brian C. Case
  • Patent number: 8840793
    Abstract: The invention provides waste water treatment processes utilizing an ion exchange resin to remove sulphate anions, while adjusting the pH of the ion exchange loading solution with carbon dioxide gas. The effect of the resin loading reactions is that dissolved sulphate is replaced with sequestered carbon dioxide gas, in the form of dissolved bicarbonate, in the treated water and the cations are not removed from the solution.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 4, 2013
    Date of Patent: September 23, 2014
    Assignee: Bioteq Environmental Technologies Inc.
    Inventors: Michael Bratty, David Kratochvil
  • Publication number: 20140263073
    Abstract: A vessel for treatment of radioactive liquid. The vessel comprises a shielded housing defining an ion exchange chamber therein. The ion exchange chamber is configured to receive ion exchange media in its interior between an interior top surface and an interior bottom surface. The vessel further comprises an inlet diffuser disposed in the ion exchange chamber proximate the bottom surface and an outlet collection header disposed in the ion exchange chamber proximate the top surface. Also, the vessel comprises a process inlet in fluid communication with the inlet diffuser and a process outlet in fluid communication with the outlet collection header.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 13, 2014
    Publication date: September 18, 2014
    Applicant: AVANTech, Inc.
    Inventors: Tracy A. Barker, James L. Braun
  • Publication number: 20140251910
    Abstract: A method and a system are provided for producing water from atmospheric air by contacting the air with an aqueous hygroscopic material in a contacting chamber and allowing a portion of the water from the air to be adsorbed into the aqueous hygroscopic stream. The adsorbed water is then subsequently separated from the hygroscopic material to provide a clean water stream and a reconstituted hygroscopic stream.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 7, 2014
    Publication date: September 11, 2014
    Applicant: Aerigo Water Technologies, L.L.C.
    Inventors: Bryce P. Watters, Mitesh R. Agrawal, Blake A. Turner
  • Patent number: 8822742
    Abstract: This invention relates to process for increasing color quality and thermal stability of fuel. Fuel that is provided as a feedstock is contacted or treated with an acidic, ion-exchange resin to increase the color quality and stability of the fuel. The process provides the benefit of substantially increasing the long term quality of both color and oxidation (JFTOT) stability.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 15, 2010
    Date of Patent: September 2, 2014
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Research and Engineering Company
    Inventors: Marc-Andre Poirier, Ashok Uppal
  • Patent number: 8815095
    Abstract: An artificial kidney that regenerates dialysate includes: a catheter having an inflow lumen and an outflow lumen for communication with a peritoneal cavity of a patient; a fluid circuit in fluid communication with the catheter for circulating dialysate into, through and out of the peritoneal cavity; a pump configured to circulate the dialysate; a cleaning cartridge coupled to the fluid circuit for removing solutes from the dialysate, including a therapeutically effective amount of urea from the dialysate as the dialysate circulates along the fluid circuit; and wherein the fluid circuit is configured to receive a volume of ultrafilterate removed from the patient, such that the pump can mix the ultrafiltrate volume with the dialysate to an increase an overall therapy fluid volume.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 18, 2009
    Date of Patent: August 26, 2014
    Assignees: Baxter International Inc., Baxter Healthcare S.A.
    Inventor: Brian R. Micheli
  • Patent number: 8784661
    Abstract: Techniques, systems, apparatus, and materials are disclosed for generating multi-purpose liquid fuel for isolating contaminants and storing energy. In one aspect, a method of producing a liquid fuel includes forming a gaseous fuel (e.g., by dissociating biomass waste using waste heat recovered from an external heat source). Carbon dioxide emitted from an industrial process can be harvested and reacted with the gaseous fuel to generate the liquid fuel. A hazardous contaminant can be dissolved in the liquid fuel, with the liquid fuel operating as a solvent or continuous phase for a solution or colloid that isolates the hazardous contaminant from the environment. The hazardous contaminant can include at least one of a carbon donor and a hydrogen donor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 5, 2012
    Date of Patent: July 22, 2014
    Assignee: McAllister Technologies, LLC
    Inventor: Roy Edward McAlister
  • Publication number: 20140197107
    Abstract: [Object] To provide a method of purifying nucleic acids where the operation is simple and the nucleic acids can be extracted in a short time with high efficiency. [Solving Means] A method of purifying nucleic acids including the step of adsorbing substances in a sample containing nucleic acids with an ion exchange resin 10 including a positive ion exchange resin and a negative ion exchange resin. As the positive ion exchange resin, a first positive ion exchange resin and a second positive ion exchange resin having an exclusion limit molecular weight lower than that of the first positive ion exchange resin may be used.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 28, 2012
    Publication date: July 17, 2014
    Applicant: SONY CORPORATION
    Inventors: Tomohiko Nakamura, Naohisa Sakamoto, Tasuku Yotoriyama, Kazumine Ito
  • Publication number: 20140158628
    Abstract: A clinical analyser wastewater treatment apparatus is disclosed including a carbonator section. Preferably there is also an anodic oxidation section and a UV oxidation section, as well as a heavy metal removal section. The anodic oxidation section may include a conductive diamond anode. The apparatus may include a measurement device downstream of the carbonator section and a control system to control the operation of the carbonator. The measurement device is preferably a pH sensor.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 2, 2013
    Publication date: June 12, 2014
    Inventors: Lee Underwood, Paul Whitehead, Alan Denton Mortimer, Jean-Pierre Spanu, James Keary
  • Publication number: 20140137615
    Abstract: Hydrophobic contaminants are removed from sludge that has been liquidized by violent shearing, by stirring a hydrophobic sorbent substance material into the sludge. After a period of time in which the contaminants are sorbed into the sorbent, the sorbent substance is separated from the sludge by gravity-settling, centrifuging, etc, where the sorbent is a liquid, or by filtration etc where the sorbent is a solid. Some sorbents have a melting point such that the sorbent can be liquid for good dispersal in heated sludge, and then can be solid when the sludge has cooled, whereby the sorbent can be removed e.g by filtration. Liquefaction by violent shearing causes the biosolids in the sludge to go into solution, which leaves the hydrophobic contaminants more available to be sorbed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 28, 2013
    Publication date: May 22, 2014
    Applicant: LYSTEK INTERNATIONAL INC.
    Inventors: Owen Patrick WARD, Ajay Singh
  • Patent number: 8728320
    Abstract: This invention relates to a lignin sorbent, a lignin removal unit, a biorefinery, a process for removing lignin, a process for binding lignin, and a renewable material. The lignin sorbent includes a substrate, and a lignin binding material dispersed with respect to the substrate. The lignin binding process includes the step of adding a lignin binding material to an input stream, and the step of converting the input stream into a renewable material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 25, 2009
    Date of Patent: May 20, 2014
    Assignee: BP Corporation North America Inc.
    Inventor: Jacob Borden
  • Patent number: 8728319
    Abstract: A purifying device and a process for deeply treating printing and dyeing wastewater are provided. The device includes a nanometer catalytic microelectrolysis system, a membrane filtration and separation system and a a membrane washing regeneration system. The method includes the following steps of: drawing the printing and dyeing wastewater by a first water pump (12), pumping a first part of the wastewater into a nanometer catalytic microelectrolysis tank (13) to perform catalysis microelectrolysis, and a second part of the wastewater into a neutralization tank (16) to mix with the water from the nanometer catalytic microelectrolysis tank (13) to precipitate, filtering the wastewater by a sand filtration tank (17), and then pumping the wastewater into an adsorption and filteration device of granular active carbon (18) for adsorption and filtration. The process has lower cost and higher energy efficiency, and can realize recycled water to be reused.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 26, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 20, 2014
    Assignee: Boying Xiamen Science and Technology Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Shiwen Zhang
  • Publication number: 20140116949
    Abstract: An adsorbent composition of a carrier coated with nanoparticles of zerovalent iron (“NZVI”) is disclosed. The NZVI are synthesized in situ using a tannin extract. Methods of making the adsorbent composition comprise providing a liquid stream; dispersing iron salts in the liquid stream to form an iron salt solution; adding a carrier to the iron salt solution to form a prepared stream; adding a tannin extract to the prepared stream to form a reaction stream; and forming the adsorbent composition in the reaction stream. Methods of reducing toxic metal ions in an aqueous stream are also disclosed. The methods comprise providing said aqueous stream; providing an adsorbent composition having a carrier coated with in situ nanoparticles of zerovalent iron (“NZVI”) therein; and contacting the aqueous stream with the adsorbent composition.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 31, 2012
    Publication date: May 1, 2014
    Applicant: GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY
    Inventors: Chithra P, Seethalakshmi Suresh, Shalini T, Kaylan Das
  • Patent number: 8709259
    Abstract: The present invention is a wastewater treatment method using dried BOF slag and hydrogen peroxide, wherein hydrogen peroxide is oxidized to generate hydroxyl radicals that reacts with soluble metal contaminants in the sludge such that these contaminants can be adsorb on the catalyst particles and/or eliminated from the wastewater stream by separation techniques. The process can use catalytic oxidation for soluble metals removal. In addition, catalytic oxidation can produce a filtered water saturated with Oxygen and higher in pH resulting in enhanced precipitation of soluble metals when softening agents, such as Sodium Carbonate, are added in a subsequent processing step. Another embodiment of the present invention is a method using ferrous sulfate for removing soluble metals in wastewater, followed by Catalytic Oxidation to remove soluble Fe without addition of metal salts, and removing sulfates by adding Barium Carbonate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 2, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 29, 2014
    Inventor: Frederick Douglas, Sr.
  • Publication number: 20140102986
    Abstract: A method and treatment unit for removing particulate mercury from aqueous streams such as wastewater streams from hydrocarbon processing is disclosed. Mercury solids are removed by means of a surface filter configured in the shape of a bag. The separated solid mercury can be thickened and dewatered by removing the spent filter bag from service and allowing the water to drain and/or evaporate. The dewatered solids can then be disposed of together with the spent bag to an approved solid waste disposal facility. Coagulants, flocculants, and mercury precipitants can be injected upstream of the filter bag if required to increase removal efficiency by precipitating dissolved ionic mercury and increasing the particle size of the mercury solids. Following bag filtration, activated carbon or an alternative technology (e.g.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 12, 2012
    Publication date: April 17, 2014
    Applicant: ExxonMobil Research and Engineering Company
    Inventors: David A. MASCIOLA, Owen R. MICHAELIS
  • Patent number: 8673046
    Abstract: A process for removing phosphorus from solid poultry or animal wastes involving (a) mixing solid poultry or animal wastes with water and acid at a pH lower that about 5.0 and higher than about 3.0 to form (i) a liquid extract that contains suspended solids of about 3.5 g/L and soluble phosphorus and (ii) a washed solid residue (having a N:P ratio of at least more than 4 expressed on an elemental basis), (b) separating the liquid extract from the washed solid residue to form separated liquid extract and separated washed solid residue, (c) mixing the separated liquid extract with an alkaline earth base to a pH of about 8.0 to about 11.0, (d) mixing the liquid extract with a flocculant to form (i) precipitated phosphorus solids with P2O5 content greater than about 10% and (ii) a liquid, and (e) separating the precipitated phosphorus solids from the liquid to form separated phosphorus solids and separated liquid. The process is conducted at a temperature greater than about 5° C. and less than about 50° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 15, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 18, 2014
    Assignee: The United States of America, as represented by the Secretary of Agriculture
    Inventors: Ariel A. Szogi, Matias B. Vanotti, Patrick G. Hunt
  • Patent number: 8641903
    Abstract: The present invention is related to a method to obtain reactive [18F] fluorides in an organic medium suitable for radiolabelling without any azeotropic evaporation step, by the use of a solid phase extraction column containing a modified non-ionic solid support.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 22, 2008
    Date of Patent: February 4, 2014
    Assignees: Trasis S.A., Universite de Liège
    Inventors: Samuel Voccia, Joël Aerts, Christian Lemaire, André Luxen, Jean-Luc Morelle, Gauthier Philippart
  • Publication number: 20140021138
    Abstract: A filtration system and methods for using same are disclosed. The filtration system can include a frame, and a plurality of filters coupled to the frame and coupled to each other in series. A pump can provide a pressure differential that causes fluid to flow through the filters in series. The first filter can be provided as a pre-filter, and one or more additional filters can include pleated, calendared, micro-fiber filters. Another filter can be a percentage removal nano-filter that is adapted to remove sub-micron particles from the fluid. The nano-filter can include three pleated filter layers. Each pleated filter layer can be oriented approximately concentrically about a common longitudinal axis.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 19, 2013
    Publication date: January 23, 2014
    Inventor: Lewis E. Osterhoudt
  • Patent number: 8629291
    Abstract: Process and steps for the production of biodiesel and/or glycerin from feedstock are provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 27, 2012
    Date of Patent: January 14, 2014
    Assignee: Menlo Energy Management, LLC
    Inventors: Gaurav Shah, Sunil Suri
  • Publication number: 20130341280
    Abstract: A deep purification method for removing trace thallium in water by using polymer-based nanosized manganese oxide is disclosed. This method comprising the following steps: adjusting the pH value of the water polluted with trace thallium to 5-8.5 and filtering it, then channeling the water so treated through a packed tower of filtering bed packed with polymer-based nanosized manganese oxide so that the thallium in water can be selectively adsorbed upon the nanocomposite material, stopping the adsorption process when the thallium in water reaches the leak point, and then using mixed solution of HCl—Ca(NO3)2 or NaOH—NaClO as the desorption agent and starting desorption and regeneration process for the packing material of polymer-based nanosized manganese oxide. This effectively reduces the concentration of thallium in water from 0.01-0.5 mg/L to lower than 0.1 ?g/L, despite the much higher concentration of coexisting competitive cations such as Ca2+, Mg2+, Na+ and Si(IV).
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 4, 2011
    Publication date: December 26, 2013
    Applicants: JIANGSU YONGTAI ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD., NANJING UNIVERSITY
    Inventors: Lu Lv, Shunli Wan, Bingcai Pan, Weiming Zhang, Dong An
  • Patent number: 8591743
    Abstract: A portable system for extracting iodine from brine on-site is disclosed. The portable system includes a mobile platform containing a treatment unit for oxidizing iodine ions into elemental iodine, an adsorption unit capable of binding iodine, and may also have an electrolytic cell and/or a gas-liquid separator. The treatment unit and the adsorption unit may be located in the same or different portable operating devices. When transported to a field site containing natural gas wells, the natural gas wells provide a fluid stream containing natural gas and brine. The separators can separate the natural gas from the brine, and the brine is then run through the treatment unit and the adsorption unit to bind iodine present in the brine. The brine is then returned to the natural gas well. Upon saturation, the portable operating device is transported to a second location, where iodine is extracted from the adsorption unit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 18, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 26, 2013
    Inventor: Charles A. Schneider
  • Patent number: 8585903
    Abstract: The invention provides an efficient method to purify an aqueous solution, typically mine drainage water, especially of anions and cations present in the aqueous solution as dissolved solids, the anions and cations are removed by treatment with a positively charged extractant having at least eight carbon atoms, whereby an unstable emulsion is formed; the unstable emulsion is allowed to break into an extract phase loaded with the anions and cations, and a water phase depleted in anions and cations; a floc inherently forms in the loaded extractant phase and then the loaded extractant phase and floc are separated from the purified water and treated to remove the anions and cations as concentrated useful products; the treated aqueous phase now reduced in anion and/or cation content is also separated from the emulsion as a purified aqueous solution. The extractant phase is preferably recycled. A continuous water purification process is provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 14, 2008
    Date of Patent: November 19, 2013
    Assignee: Winner Water Services, Inc.
    Inventors: Bruce F. Monzyk, F. Michael Von Fahnestock, James Kevin Rose, H. Nick Conkle, Ming Wang, Satya P. Chauhan, Ruey K. Bruce, Tenisha Highsmith
  • Patent number: 8580119
    Abstract: Process and steps for the production of biodiesel and/or glycerin from feedstock are provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 27, 2012
    Date of Patent: November 12, 2013
    Assignee: Menlo Energy Management, LLC
    Inventors: Gaurav Shah, Sunil Suri
  • Patent number: 8580038
    Abstract: The present invention provides a process for the purification and concentration of a partially water-soluble organic product from a source containing the same at concentration C0, which process comprises the steps of: (i) concentrating said product by means of a resin to form a first aqueous solution at concentration of C1; and (ii) fractionating an aqueous solution by temperature adjustment to form a second aqueous solution and a third aqueous solution with concentrations C2 and C3, respectively, wherein C2>C3 and C2>C1>C0.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 18, 2008
    Date of Patent: November 12, 2013
    Assignee: Asher Vitner Ltd.
    Inventor: Asher Vitner
  • Publication number: 20130292335
    Abstract: The present invention provides processes for removing nitrogen species from fresh water or high salinity water recirculated aquaculture systems. The processes are based on physico-chemical treatments which are performed at ambient temperatures and at low p H values thus keeping the total ammonia nitrogen concentrations below a value which is considered detrimental for the growth or survival rate of cultured fish/shrimp.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 17, 2011
    Publication date: November 7, 2013
    Inventors: Ori Lahav, Youri Gendel, Noam Mozes, Ayana Benet Perlberg, Yuri Hanin
  • Patent number: 8574417
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for two-step separation of water, salt and particles from a hydraulic fluid by the use of a control unit. The hydraulic fluid is carried into a return oil tank with an electrostatic coalescer provided with a high-voltage transformer with direct current to two electric grids whose electrostatic field gathers water into drops which settle into a collecting tank. The hydraulic fluid is circulated to a filter module for removing any remaining water, salt and particles in filter elements connected in parallel, having hygroscopic cellulose fibers which swell until saturation, the swelling being measured by a sensor measuring the degree of saturation, alternatively conductivity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 7, 2009
    Date of Patent: November 5, 2013
    Assignee: Tool-Tech AS
    Inventor: Egil Eriksen
  • Publication number: 20130277312
    Abstract: The present disclosure relates to systems and methods for water treatment. The disclosure provides systems that use a wicking material to modify the quality of contaminated water. The disclosure also provides methods for modifying the quality of contaminated water using a wicking material.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 15, 2013
    Publication date: October 24, 2013
    Applicant: Non Sequitur Engineering Global (NSEG)
    Inventor: Robert O. Marquez
  • Patent number: RE44570
    Abstract: In one embodiment, a reactive filtration method includes continuously regenerating a reactive filter media while simultaneously filtering contaminants from fluid flowing through the filter media. In one embodiment, regenerating the reactive filter media comprises mixing metal granules with the filter media and agitating the mixture. In another embodiment, regenerating the reactive filter media comprises introducing a metal in the fluid flowing through the filter media and agitating the filter media. In one embodiment, a method for removing phosphorus, arsenic or a heavy metal from water includes introducing a metal salt reagent into the water at a molar ratio of 5:1 to 200:1 to the phosphorous or the arsenic in the water and passing the water through a bed of moving sand.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 11, 2012
    Date of Patent: November 5, 2013
    Assignee: Board of Regents of the University of Idaho
    Inventors: Gregory Moller, Kevin Marshall Brackney, Roger Alan Korus, Gerald Michael Keller, Jr., Brian Keith Hart, Remembrance Louisa Newcombe