Destroying Living Organisms Patents (Class 210/748.11)
  • Patent number: 10253514
    Abstract: A water conditioning composition includes water; at least one gluconate compound; at least one carbonate compound; a non-ionic preservative; and a phosphate buffer. For example, the composition can include 87-95 wt. % water; 0.5 to 1.5 wt. % gluconate compound; 3 to 8 wt. % carbonate compound; 0.5 to 1.5 wt. % non-ionic preservative; and 0.5 to 2.5 wt. % phosphate buffer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 28, 2017
    Date of Patent: April 9, 2019
    Assignee: Silk Water Solutions Inc.
    Inventor: Colin Frank Taylor
  • Patent number: 10246348
    Abstract: Embodiments of the invention include an elongate chamber. A UV source includes a semiconductor device, the semiconductor device including an active layer disposed between an n-type region and a p-type region. The active layer emits radiation having a peak wavelength in a UV range. The semiconductor device is positioned on a wall of the elongate chamber. An inner surface of the elongate chamber is reflective.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 21, 2017
    Date of Patent: April 2, 2019
    Assignee: RayVio Corporation
    Inventors: Douglas A. Collins, Li Zhang, Yitao Liao
  • Patent number: 10227241
    Abstract: A storage container includes an input portion for receiving and filtering a source liquid to form an output liquid, a storage portion for storing the filtered liquid, and a base portion disposed below the storage portion including a UV light source for providing transmitted UV light to the filtered liquid, a UV light detector disposed an optical path length away from the UV light source for detecting received UV light through the filtered liquid in response to the transmitted UV light, a processor for determining an absorption or a transmission percentage in response to the transmitted UV light and the received UV light, for determining a safe condition, in response to the absorption or the transmission percentage respectively not exceeding or exceeding predetermined criteria, and one or more indicators for indicating that the liquid is safe for consumption to a user, in response to the safe condition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 17, 2016
    Date of Patent: March 12, 2019
    Assignee: Rayvio Corporation
    Inventors: Yitao Liao, Robert C. Walker, Doug Collins, Wei Zhang
  • Patent number: 10111574
    Abstract: Method and apparatus for treating dishware, in which the method comprises the steps of providing a treatment composition comprising a photoactive component, contacting in an appliance the treatment composition with the dishware, and irradiating the treatment composition with visible light. The step of irradiating the treatment composition with visible light is performed with a source of light that is tool free insertable into and removable from the appliance.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 12, 2015
    Date of Patent: October 30, 2018
    Assignee: The Procter & Gamble Company
    Inventors: Alan David Willey, Robb Richard Gardner, Kady Lynn Willison, William Richard Mueller, Jacob Robert Adams
  • Patent number: 10093566
    Abstract: In a water treatment apparatus, a tilted plate is disposed at an incline relative to a horizontal plane. Water to be treated is passed over the upper surface of the tilted plate. A discharge forming body is disposed across a gas layer above a water film formed by the water to be treated flowing over the tilted plate. A droplet forming apparatus exerts power on the water film so that at least some of the water to be treated shoots upward in the form of droplets.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 13, 2015
    Date of Patent: October 9, 2018
    Inventors: Gaku Oinuma, Masakazu Taki, Yasutaka Inanaga, Makoto Takata
  • Patent number: 9850152
    Abstract: The present invention relates to an apparatus for water descaling. The system comprises hydrodynamic cavitation reactors with a cavitator selected from the group consisting of an orifice plate, venturi and a rotating cavitator, in combination with an infrared radiation emitter. Combination of hydrodynamic cavitation reactor with infrared radiation achieves effective salt precipitation from the hard water with reduced pressure drop and reduced number of recirculation, resulting in higher savings due to reduced energy costs.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 14, 2014
    Date of Patent: December 26, 2017
    Inventor: Rahul Kashinathrao Dahule
  • Patent number: 9835601
    Abstract: An apparatus and method for measuring hydrogen peroxide concentration in water to an accuracy of 0.1 ppm comprises a colorimetric assay method to determine hydrogen peroxide concentration. The assay is monitored spectophotometrically at a desired wavelength. Each sample is corrected relative to a control sample and hydrogen peroxide concentration determined with respect to a standard curve.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 30, 2014
    Date of Patent: December 5, 2017
    Inventors: Jim Shubat, Gerben op den Buijs, Ludo Feyen
  • Patent number: 9637397
    Abstract: Embodiments of the invention provide methods of removing ions from a feed water stream using a flow-through capacitor and a controller for performing the methods. A target value for a water property concentration or a fixed percent removal of a water property concentration to be removed is established for a treated water stream exiting the flow-through capacitor. A feed value for the water property concentration is measured in a feed water stream entering the flow-through capacitor. An amperage of the flow-through capacitor and a flow rate through the flow-through capacitor is controlled to remove ions from the feed water stream to achieve the desired removal of the water property.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 27, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 2, 2017
    Assignee: Pentair Residential Filtration, LLC
    Inventors: David J. Averbeck, Rebecca M. Tallon, Brett A. Boedeker
  • Patent number: 9593026
    Abstract: Method and apparatus for destroying organic contaminants in a fluid. At least one oxidant is added to a contaminated fluid, which is then irradiated with ultraviolet radiation. The oxidant is preferably chlorine-based and generated on-site. The intensity of the radiation is higher than typical AOP processes. Various process parameters, such as the pH and/or flow rate of the contaminated fluid, and/or the relative intensities of various UV wavelength sources, are varied in response to measuring quality indicators.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 7, 2012
    Date of Patent: March 14, 2017
    Assignee: Johnson Matthey Public Limited Company
    Inventors: Andrew K. Boal, Susan Rivera, Justin Sanchez, Wesley Bradford
  • Patent number: 9539525
    Abstract: A centrifugation device includes a feeding tube defining a longitudinal axis, and a plurality of centrifugal plates extending longitudinally and radially around the feeding tube and rotatable about the longitudinal axis. The centrifugal plates have coarse surfaces coated with one or more layers of polymer material. A centrifugation tank is disposed coaxially with the feeding tube and around the centrifugal plates. A sidewall of the tank is provided with micro/nano filters. Methods for isolation of algal biomass from an algae and aqueous mixture, and extraction of oil from kitchen residue and/or microalgae are also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 4, 2015
    Date of Patent: January 10, 2017
    Assignee: PETROLEUM 2.0 LIMITED
    Inventors: Wing Hei Dennis Poon, Gang Luo, Cheung Tung Chung, Tung Ning Tony Tse
  • Patent number: 9433039
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for heating volumes of media (11) in a closed receptacle (10) by means of an electromagnetic radiation (2), wherein a database (4) is prepared based on measurements of reference receptacles, and irradiation regimes are selected or generated using the database (4) and used for heating the media (11). The invention further relates to an apparatus for carrying out the method.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 3, 2014
    Date of Patent: August 30, 2016
    Inventors: Lutz Doms, Gerald Wagner
  • Patent number: 9408937
    Abstract: A photo-catalyzing fluid mobilizing system and method are disclosed. A chamber has a power source. A fluid mobilizer is mounted in the chamber and connected with the power source to mobilize a fluid through the chamber. The fluid mobilizer includes one or more fan blades that are coated with a photo catalyst. A UV light source is mounted in the chamber proximate the fluid mobilizer and connected with the power source to catalyze the photo catalyst coating the blades to purifier the fluid being mobilized thereover.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 19, 2015
    Date of Patent: August 9, 2016
    Inventor: Rolf Engelhard
  • Patent number: 9394189
    Abstract: A system for performing ozone water treatment comprises a voltage supply circuit and a plasma eductor reactor. The voltage supply circuit includes an H-bridge controller and driver, a transformer, and an output port. The H-bridge controller and driver are configured to switch the electrical polarity of a pair of terminals. A primary of the transformer is connected to the H-bridge driver and controller. A secondary of the transformer connects in parallel with a first capacitor and in series with an inductor and a second capacitor. The output port connects in parallel with the second capacitor. The plasma eductor reactor includes an electric field generator, a flow spreader, and a diffuser. The electric field generator includes a pair of electrodes that generate an electric field. The flow spreader supplies a stream of oxygen. The diffuser supplies a stream of water. The streams of water and oxygen pass through the electric field.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 24, 2014
    Date of Patent: July 19, 2016
    Inventor: Walter Buchanan
  • Patent number: 9382134
    Abstract: A ballast water treatment apparatus includes a discharge path for discharging ballast water from a ballast tank that stores the ballast water, an ultraviolet irradiation device that includes an ultraviolet lamp and that irradiates the ballast water passing through the discharge path with ultraviolet light, a circulation path formed so that the ballast water circulates therethrough and is irradiated with ultraviolet light emitted from the ultraviolet lamp, a switching portion for switching a path through which the ballast water flows between the circulation path and the discharge path, and a control device that controls the switching portion so that the ballast water flows through the circulation path during a switching-on process of the ultraviolet lamp and controls the switching portion so that the ballast water flows through the discharge path when the switching on of the ultraviolet lamp is completed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 14, 2014
    Date of Patent: July 5, 2016
    Inventors: Hiroki Inoue, Ryoji Harada, Kenichiro Miyatake
  • Patent number: 9381458
    Abstract: A device for disinfecting of gases and/or liquids, includes a tube of UV-transparent glass having a hollow interior space and a tube wall with a tube inside wall and a tube outside wall, as well as at least one UV-light source. The UV-transparent glass tube has an indentation extending into the interior space on at least one location and in the at least one indentation at least one UV-light source is arranged. The geometry causes the UV-light sources to be closer to the medium to be disinfected, so that a large portion of the UV-light reaches the interior space on a direct path through the glass, thus allowing for a low-loss transfer of the UV-light.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 7, 2012
    Date of Patent: July 5, 2016
    Assignee: Schott AG
    Inventors: Jörg Blechschmidt, Reiner Bartsch
  • Patent number: 9303841
    Abstract: Provided is a compact ultraviolet irradiation apparatus using ultraviolet light-emitting devices such as ultraviolet LEDs that can irradiate high intensity ultraviolet rays. This ultraviolet irradiation apparatus including a light source for emitting ultraviolet rays; and a light condenser for condensing the ultraviolet rays emitted from the light source, the light source is a modularized rod-like light source (110) where a plurality of ultraviolet light-emitting devices is disposed on a side surface of a cylindrical or polygonal columnar base such that a light axis of each ultraviolet light-emitting device passes through a center axis of the cylindrical or polygonal columnar base to emit the ultraviolet rays radially to the center axis, the rod-like light source is disposed on a focal axis (121) of a long elliptical reflective mirror (120) to condense ultraviolet rays radially emitted from the rod-like light source, and the condensed ultraviolet rays are irradiated.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 24, 2013
    Date of Patent: April 5, 2016
    Inventor: Shingo Matsui
  • Patent number: 9259502
    Abstract: The disclosed principles employ a UV reactor design for photo-based treatment of contaminated fluid media using a concentric single light source/single sleeve design, with multiple such concentric light source/sleeve units placed in parallel. In one embodiment, such a reactor may comprise an inlet manifold and an outlet manifold, and a plurality of tubular chambers connecting the inlet manifold to the outlet manifold. A plurality of such irradiating units are located within corresponding ones of the tubular chambers such that a fluid path is provided between each of the transparent sleeves and its corresponding tubular chamber where the contaminated fluid is irradiated as it passes through the chambers. The inlet ends of all of the chambers are connected to a single fluid intake manifold. This design allows the contaminated fluid pressure and flow to be evenly distributed among all of the fluid chambers via the intake manifold.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 21, 2010
    Date of Patent: February 16, 2016
    Inventors: Brian E. Butters, Anthony L. Powell
  • Patent number: 9174858
    Abstract: In one of its aspects, the present invention relates to a fluid treatment system comprising: an inlet; an outlet; a fluid treatment zone disposed between the inlet and the outlet. The fluid treatment zone: (i) comprises a first wall surface and a second wall surface opposed to the first wall surface, and (ii) having disposed therein at least one array of rows of radiation source assemblies. Each radiation source assembly has a longitudinal axis transverse to a direction of fluid flow through the fluid treatment zone and each of the first wall surface and the second wall surface comprises a first fluid deflector element and a second fluid deflector element. The first fluid deflector element projecting into the fluid treatment zone to a greater extent than the second fluid deflector element.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 6, 2007
    Date of Patent: November 3, 2015
    Assignee: Trojan Technologies
    Inventors: Li Zheng Ma, George Traubenberg, Douglas Penhale
  • Patent number: 9045360
    Abstract: Disclosed are a method and apparatus for decolorization of reactive anthraquinone dye-containing wastewater using photocatalytic oxidation, which include inducing high-efficiency photocatalytic oxidation under a controlled salt concentration and pH of wastewater to perform effective decolorization of reactive anthraquinone dye-containing wastewater. The method for decolorization of reactive anthraquinone dye-containing wastewater using photocatalytic oxidation, includes: introducing a photocatalyst and salt into reactive anthraquinone dye-containing wastewater and adjusting pH of the wastewater to a level higher than neutral pH; and irradiating UV to the photocatalyst to carry out cleavage of the reactive anthraquinone dyes through photocatalytic oxidation, thereby accomplishing decolorization of wastewater.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 17, 2011
    Date of Patent: June 2, 2015
    Inventors: Young Haeng Lee, Seok Heon Lee, Taek June Lee
  • Publication number: 20150144575
    Abstract: Disclosed fluid purification systems can comprise a treatment vessel configured to contain a fluid to be purified, a source of ultraviolet radiation with at least 50% of its emitted spectral energy at wavelengths between 315 nm and 400 nm positioned exterior to the treatment vessel, and a portion of a wall of said treatment vessel that is substantially transparent to the ultraviolet radiation emitted by the source of ultraviolet radiation, located so that at least 50% of the ultraviolet radiation propagates through the substantially transparent portion of the wall and is configured to propagate into fluid to be treated within the vessel for the purpose of killing or disabling pathogenic microorganisms in the fluid.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 12, 2013
    Publication date: May 28, 2015
    Inventor: R. Thomas Hawkins, II
  • Publication number: 20150114911
    Abstract: A tap for sterilising water, the tap comprising an inlet, a source of ultraviolet radiation, a sterilisation zone and an outlet, the outlet consisting of one aperture through which the water exits the device, wherein the source of UV radiation is positioned in the sterilisation zone such that substantially all of the internal surfaces of the outlet portion can be directly irradiated by the source of ultraviolet radiation, and wherein the source of ultraviolet radiation and the aperture are arranged such that no ultraviolet radiation can be transmitted directly from the source of ultraviolet radiation through the aperture to leave the device.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 9, 2013
    Publication date: April 30, 2015
    Inventor: Ian Stewart HELMORE
  • Publication number: 20150114912
    Abstract: A reactor that operates with ultraviolet light emitting diodes (UV-LEDs) to attain UV photoreactions or UV photo-initiated reaction in a fluid flow for various applications, including water purification. The UV-LED reactor is comprised of a conduit means for passing fluid flow, an ultraviolet light emitting diode (UV-LED), and a radiation-focusing element to focus the UV-LED radiation to the fluid in the longitudinal direction of the conduit. The UV-LED reactor may include photocatalysts or chemical oxidants, which are activated by UV emitted by UV-LEDs for photocatalytic and photo-initiated reactions.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 25, 2014
    Publication date: April 30, 2015
    Inventor: Fariborz Taghipour
  • Patent number: 9011698
    Abstract: A method and devices comprise a low frequency high energy ultrasound system having at least one sonotrode projecting into a reactor vessel through which the liquid passes via at least one inlet orifice and at least one outlet orifice. To avoid cavitation at the sonotrode, in a close region of the oscillation-transducing sonotrode surface a pressure/amplitude combination close to or above the pressure-amplitude characteristic line is generated at which considerably reduced or no cavitation occurs and in the adjacent region in the vessel at least in a region and at least at times a pressure/amplitude combination is maintained below the pressure-amplitude characteristic line at which cavitation is generated. A device has an inlet orifice arranged such that the liquid impacts directly onto the oscillation-transducing sonotrode surface, and is shaped that in the close region of the oscillation-transducing sonotrode surface a pressure close to or above the pressure-amplitude characteristic line prevails.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 28, 2006
    Date of Patent: April 21, 2015
    Assignee: Dr. Hielscher GmbH
    Inventors: Harald Hielscher, Holger Hielscher, Thomas Hielscher
  • Patent number: 9012861
    Abstract: The invention relates to a device and also a method for determining the degree of disinfection, and for determining the time point when a defined degree of disinfection is reached by a liquid, in particular drinking water, that is situated in a container which is light-permeable at least in a UV range.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 17, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 21, 2015
    Assignee: Helioz Research and Development GmbH
    Inventor: Martin Wesian
  • Patent number: 9005452
    Abstract: A device for purifying a fluid is disclosed. The aforesaid device comprises: (a) a passage adapted for conducting a flow of the fluid, said passage provided with input and output openings; (b) a plurality of elongate members coated with a titanium oxide disposed within the passage; (c) fastening means for mechanically fixating terminals of the elongate members within the passage; (d) at least one source of ultraviolet radiation adapted for illuminating the elongate members; (e) pumping means adapted for generating the fluid flow through the passage from the input opening to the output opening. The fastening means comprises at least two fasteners. Each fastener comprises two mutually orthogonal spaced apart pluralities of parallel rods. The rods are adapted for restricting lateral displacement of the elongate members.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 20, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 14, 2015
    Inventors: Alex Arenshtam, Pinchas Maman
  • Patent number: 9005440
    Abstract: Systems and methods for hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis having integrated electrodialysis and electrodeionization capabilities are provided. In an embodiment, the dialysis system includes a carbon source, a urease source, an ED/EDI unit. The carbon source, urease source, and/or the ED/EDI unit can be in the form of removable cartridges.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 12, 2013
    Date of Patent: April 14, 2015
    Assignees: Baxter International Inc., Baxter Healthcare S.A.
    Inventors: Rongsheng Lin, Yuanpang Samuel Ding, James M. White, Ye Chen, Ying-Cheng Lo, Joshua Miller, Justin Rohde
  • Patent number: 8986549
    Abstract: The present invention relates to an apparatus for the treatment of liquids, comprising a filter module with a filter, an inlet for liquid, a first outlet for liquid and a second outlet for filtered liquid, wherein the inlet and the first outlet are positioned on a first side of the filter, and the second outlet is positioned on the second side of the filter, a first UV-treatment module with a first UV-light source, wherein the first UV-treatment module is connected with the first outlet of the filter module and adapted to receive liquid from the filter module, and to expose said liquid to UV-light from the first UV-light source, and a second UV-treatment module with a second UV-light source, wherein the second UV-treatment module is connected with the second outlet of the filter module adapted to receive filtered liquid from the filter module, and to expose said liquid to UV-light from the second UV-light source.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 24, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 24, 2015
    Assignee: GEA Westfalia Separator Group GmbH
    Inventor: Wilfried Riggers
  • Patent number: 8986550
    Abstract: A method and a modular system for performing a sterilizing treatment of ballast waters (12) onboard of a ship (10), for reducing and/or removing the contents of invasive living micro-organisms. A water loading pump (13) and a water preliminary filtering stage (14) are operatively connected to a plurality of ballast water storing tanks (11); a UV sterilizing apparatus (18) for the ballast water is submerged into the ballast water in each water storing tank (11), and is operatively connected to a local control unit (QE). Each UV sterilizing apparatus (18) comprises a UV radiation source (28). The ballast water (12) inside each storing tank (11) is recirculated although the UV radiation source (28), for a required time and mixed with the ballast water inside the water storage tank (11) to enable the living micro-organisms to be substantially reduced or eliminated, during the navigation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 18, 2012
    Date of Patent: March 24, 2015
    Assignee: Artes Ingegneria S.p.A.
    Inventors: Pasquale Punzo, Giuseppe Balzano
  • Patent number: 8980103
    Abstract: Disclosed herein are a ballast water treatment system having a back-pressure formation unit and a control method thereof. Back pressure in a filtering unit is checked and formed during a back washing operation for a filter of a filtering unit, thus enabling efficient back washing operation. Both a method of physically filtering ballast water using the filter and a method of sterilizing ballast water using ultraviolet rays are used to treat ballast water, thus preventing secondary contamination due to byproducts, and preventing the contamination of a ballast tank. A flow rate of ballast water introduced into an ultraviolet treatment unit is controlled such that the efficiency of the ultraviolet treatment unit is not reduced, while back pressure is formed in the filtering unit, thus increasing the overall treatment efficiency of the ballast water treatment system. Further, the filtering unit or the ultraviolet treatment unit may be automatically washed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 25, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2015
    Assignee: Panasia Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Soo-Tae Lee, Tae-Sung Pyo, Sang-Gyu Cheon
  • Patent number: 8968578
    Abstract: A method of treating water may comprise receiving water through an intake of a water treatment system, treating the water to neutralize contaminants, structuring the water by passing the water flow through a water structuring assembly and a plurality of structuring objects, injecting at least one biological component into the water passing through the water treatment system, and passing the water through an outlet of the water treatment system. A water treatment system may comprise a pump configured to move water between an intake and an outlet, a water pretreatment assembly configured to remove particles from the water, a water treatment assembly configured to neutralize contaminants in the water, a water structuring assembly having an entry and an exit and configured to passing the water flow about a plurality of structuring objects, and an injection apparatus configured to inject at least one biological component into the water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 1, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 3, 2015
    Assignee: Verity Farms LLC
    Inventors: Richard D. Kamolvathin, Matthew L. Lammers, Aaron W. Mach
  • Publication number: 20150053624
    Abstract: A water purification system includes one or more germicidal UV light sources that operate within an amplifying chamber that contains a given amount of fluid as a batch or as flowing through the chamber at any given time. The amplifying chamber has a highly reflective inner surface that redirects the germicidal UV light that reaches the highly reflective inner surface back through the fluid simultaneously in substantially all directions. A power source drives the one or more UV light sources to provide to the fluid contained within the amplifying chamber a fraction of the total UV energy that is required to purify the given amount of fluid. The amplifying chamber repeatedly redirects the UV light that reaches the highly reflective inner surface back into the fluid, to provide a dose required to purify the fluid.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 18, 2014
    Publication date: February 26, 2015
    Inventor: Miles Maiden
  • Patent number: 8963103
    Abstract: A device for sterilizing a sample chamber in an automated live cell microscope, having a sample holding frame contained in a housing of the microscope. The device includes a UVC sterilizing unit that emits an ultraviolet light with a wavelength of 280 nm to 100 nm (UVC radiation). The UVC sterilizing unit is arranged so that it is able to travel through the sample chamber for sterilization purposes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 30, 2014
    Date of Patent: February 24, 2015
    Assignee: Carl Zeiss Microscopy GmbH
    Inventors: Tim Plohnke, Alexander Scheps, Timo Rojahn, Tobias Klinge
  • Publication number: 20150034566
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a process for reduction of the presence of microorganisms and/or decomposition of organic micropollutants in water using an energy source and an additive characterised in that the energy source is UV radiation and the additive comprises performic acid.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 16, 2014
    Publication date: February 5, 2015
    Inventors: Tatjana Karpova, Esa Melin, Antti Vuori, Ulrik Ojstedt, Robin Gramstad, Kaj Jansson, Marko Kolari
  • Publication number: 20150027960
    Abstract: A purification apparatus comprising a filtration unit comprising filtration screens, a disinfection unit comprising a source of disinfecting light and a passage for filtrate from the filtration unit to the disinfection unit. The filtration unit may be selected from at least one static drum, at least one rotating drum, and at least one filter pack. Louver vanes or baffles may be used in the passage to create turbulence and direct flow. A process for removing particulate matter and disinfecting a process flow comprises the steps of filtering the process flow to remove particulate matter, directing the filtrate to a source of disinfection light while creating turbulence in the filtrate and disinfecting the filtrate.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 23, 2012
    Publication date: January 29, 2015
    Applicant: PR AQUA SUPPLIES LTD.
    Inventors: KC Darrin Troy Hosler, Douglas Wayne Gorrie, Roger Coleman
  • Patent number: 8940183
    Abstract: A novel composition for a photocatalyst Fe doped ZnO nano-particle photocatalyst that enables the decontamination process by degrading toxic organic material such as brilliant cresyl blue, indigo carmine and gentian blue by using solar light is described. In the current disclosure method of making a specific size of the nano photocatalyst is described. Characterization of the photocatalyst, optimal working conditions and efficient use of solar light has been described to show that this photocatalyst is unique. The process described to use the photocatalyst to degrade toxic organic material using the solar light to activate the photocatalyst is cost efficient and cheap to clean our water resources.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 6, 2014
    Date of Patent: January 27, 2015
    Assignee: King Abdulaziz University
    Inventors: Abdullah Mohamed Asiri, Sher Bahadar Khan, Khalid Ahmad Alamry, Mohammed M Rahman, Mohamed Saeed Alamoodi
  • Patent number: 8916050
    Abstract: The present invention relates to compositions and their use for the treatment of water. In one embodiment, the invention provides for a compositions and their use for the treatment of microorganisms. This invention also provides compositions and their use to provide clean water in an environmentally-friendly manner. In another embodiment, the invention provides for compositions and their use in combination with common equipment for controlling the growth of micro-organisms, such as with an ozonator or UV-C lamp, in a water system such as in hot tub or pool. Additionally, the specification describes methods and compositions for controlling the growth of microorganisms in an aqueous system. Using the methods and compositions, one treats an aqueous system with an amount effective to control the growth of at least one microorganism.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 27, 2005
    Date of Patent: December 23, 2014
    Assignee: Special Water Patents B.V.
    Inventor: Jan de Rijk
  • Patent number: 8900461
    Abstract: Disclosed herein are an apparatus and method for treating ship ballast water, wherein electron beams are irradiated into the ballast water to induce radiolysis of the water, and harmful marine organisms present in the ballast water are killed by radicals produced by the radiolysis. The electron beams are continuously irradiated into the ballast water under operating conditions of an energy of 0.5-5 MeV, an electron beam irradiation dose of 0.1-30 kGy and a flow rate of 1-200 m3/hr.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 24, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 2, 2014
    Assignee: EB-Tech Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Bum Soo Han, Jin Kyu Kim, Yu Ri Kim, Ho Kang
  • Patent number: 8890087
    Abstract: Water purification apparatus, comprising an elongate UV source and a conduit for water to be purified formed of a UV transmissive material, wherein the conduit has an inlet and an outlet and positioned so that part of it is wrapped around at least part of the UV source thereby to sterilize water within the conduit, further comprising reflective means for UV radiation to be reflected onto one or more parts of the conduit which extends beyond the part which is wrapped around the UV source.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 26, 2010
    Date of Patent: November 18, 2014
    Assignee: WLI Trading Limited
    Inventors: Jonathan Ben-David, Heung Soon Kim
  • Publication number: 20140299554
    Abstract: Disclosed is a treatment unit for treating wastewater that includes a treatment housing having a wastewater inlet and a treated water outlet; a vertical turbulator plate located in the vicinity of the wastewater inlet; a vertical ultraviolet (UV) tube assembly located between the turbulator plate and the treated water outlet; and an electrical controller. The turbulator plate has different size apertures. The treatment unit also can include a flow paddle located in the wastewater inlet, a paddle flow controller that actuates the flow paddle, and an electrical controller supplies power to the UV tube assembly and to the paddle flow controller. The corresponding method for treating wastewater with the treatment unit also is disclosed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 18, 2014
    Publication date: October 9, 2014
    Inventor: Eric A. Britenstine
  • Publication number: 20140263092
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method for purifying water, without the addition of salts, for treating swimming pool water, which comprises the simultaneous application of electrolysis and ultraviolet radiation techniques on the water to be treated, which takes place in a single reactor. It also relates to a reactor for purifying water, without the addition of salts, according to the preceding method comprising, within a tubular body, at least one bundle of electrodes with at least two electrodes each, at least two ultraviolet lamps, and a water inlet connection and a water outlet connection.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 15, 2012
    Publication date: September 18, 2014
    Inventors: Gaspar Sanchez Cano, Jose Ramon Perez Mallol, Guillermo Codina Ripoll
  • Publication number: 20140263090
    Abstract: One example of a fluid disinfection unit includes a chamber through which fluid can flow, the chamber having an inlet through which fluid enters the chamber and an outlet through which fluid exits the chamber; a source for illuminating the chamber with ultraviolet light; and a plurality of baffles within the chamber for defining a multiplicity of subchambers within the chamber through which fluid to be purified flows from the inlet to the outlet; each subchamber being located to receive the ultraviolet light; where holes are defined through at least one baffle, and wherein those holes collectively define a fluid flow area that increases with the radial distance from the center of the baffle.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 15, 2013
    Publication date: September 18, 2014
    Inventor: Stephen A. Yencho
  • Publication number: 20140272030
    Abstract: A method and a system for producing a change in a medium. The method places in a vicinity of the medium an energy modulation agent. The method applies an initiation energy to the medium. The initiation energy interacts with the energy modulation agent to directly or indirectly produce the change in the medium. The energy modulation agent has a normal predominant emission of radiation in a first wavelength range outside of a second wavelength range (WR2) known to produce the change, but under exposure to the applied initiation energy produces the change. The system includes an initiation energy source configured to apply an initiation energy to the medium to activate the energy modulation agent.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 12, 2014
    Publication date: September 18, 2014
    Applicant: IMMUNOLIGHT, LLC.
    Inventors: Frederic Avery Bourke, JR., Zakaryae Fathi, Harold Walder, Wayne F. Beyer, JR.
  • Publication number: 20140263091
    Abstract: Improved fluid sanitization assemblies are provided. More particularly, the present disclosure provides improved fluid/water sanitization assemblies utilizing UV light and/or ozone. The UV light and/or ozone can be generated via light emitting diodes (“LEDs”) (e.g., via UV LEDs). In certain embodiments, by emitting light at a wavelength of about 250 nm to about 270 nm (e.g., 253.7 nm), the fluid sanitization assemblies thereby disinfect and/or sanitize fluid/water. The present disclosure provides for a fluid sanitization assembly including a pressure vessel configured and dimensioned to house fluid; a plurality of light emitting diodes (“LEDs”) mounted with respect to the pressure vessel, each LED mounted with respect to the pressure vessel via an optic member; wherein each optic member is configured and dimensioned to focus and direct UV light emitted from its associated LED to the fluid within the pressure vessel for sanitization purposes.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 14, 2014
    Publication date: September 18, 2014
    Inventors: James Anthony Carter, III, Douglas M. Sawyer, JR.
  • Publication number: 20140251925
    Abstract: A treatment device and method for treatment of a bio-fluid are disclosed. The device includes a treatment chamber configured to receive bio-fluid to be treated, a light treatment element disposed around at least a portion of the treatment chamber, and a piston mechanism disposed inside the treatment chamber for advancing the bio-fluid inside the treatment chamber toward a constricted location corresponding to the at least the portion of the treatment chamber around which the treatment element is being disposed. Upon passing bio-fluid through the location, the treatment element applies a treatment to the passing bio-fluid.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 11, 2013
    Publication date: September 11, 2014
    Applicant: AVIcure Bioscience, LLC
    Inventor: Thomas R. Petrie
  • Patent number: 8828241
    Abstract: A method for treating a liquid includes providing an apparatus: (a) a pump volute or hydrocyclone head having an inlet, and a throat having an outlet and a central axis, (b) a tank connected to the outlet of the throat, wherein the tank has a maximum inner diameter that is larger than an inner diameter of the outlet of the throat, and (d) a wave energy source comprising a first electrode within the pump volute or hydrocyclone head that is aligned with the central axis, and a second electrode within the tank that is spaced apart and axially aligned with first electrode along the central axis. The liquid is supplied to the inlet of the pump volute or hydrocyclone head. The first electrode, second electrode or both electrodes are moved along the central axis. The liquid is irradiated with one or more wave energies produced by the wave energy source.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 31, 2013
    Date of Patent: September 9, 2014
    Assignee: Foret Plasma Labs, LLC
    Inventor: Todd Foret
  • Patent number: 8809817
    Abstract: A method and irradiator apparatus used for wort sterilization by radiation for production of ethanol from sugar cane, comprising a modular irradiation drum, radioactive source, ducts for transmission of a fluid through an apparatus for irradiation, and application of radiation to a fluid within an apparatus for sterilization of such fluid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 3, 2014
    Date of Patent: August 19, 2014
    Inventors: Marcelo Gianatto Moreira, Airton Deppman, Pedro Carlos Russo Rossi
  • Publication number: 20140202962
    Abstract: A solution for treating a fluid, such as water, is provided. The solution determines an ultraviolet transparency of a fluid before or as the fluid enters a disinfection chamber. In the disinfection chamber, the fluid can be irradiated by ultraviolet radiation to harm microorganisms that may be present in the fluid. One or more attributes of the disinfection chamber, fluid flow, and/or ultraviolet radiation can be adjusted based on the transparency to provide more efficient irradiation and/or higher disinfection rates.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 17, 2014
    Publication date: July 24, 2014
    Inventors: Yuri Bilenko, Alexander Dobrinsky, Saulius Smetona, Michael Shur, Remigijus Gaska, Timothy James Bettles
  • Patent number: 8758630
    Abstract: A method for reducing fecal coliforms in waste water wherein the flow of water is directed through a reactor having removable cover, inlet and outlet, two UV lamps, six irradiating chambers, each interconnected by apertures, a UV lamp control box, and a heat a conducting pipe to transfer heat from the control box into the flowing water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 26, 2011
    Date of Patent: June 24, 2014
    Assignee: Britenstine Incorporated
    Inventor: Eric Britenstine
  • Publication number: 20140158628
    Abstract: A clinical analyser wastewater treatment apparatus is disclosed including a carbonator section. Preferably there is also an anodic oxidation section and a UV oxidation section, as well as a heavy metal removal section. The anodic oxidation section may include a conductive diamond anode. The apparatus may include a measurement device downstream of the carbonator section and a control system to control the operation of the carbonator. The measurement device is preferably a pH sensor.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 2, 2013
    Publication date: June 12, 2014
    Inventors: Lee Underwood, Paul Whitehead, Alan Denton Mortimer, Jean-Pierre Spanu, James Keary
  • Patent number: 8747764
    Abstract: An inline intravenous (IV) fluid sterilization system can be located within directly upstream of the patient's access point, downstream of any breach points, so as to ensure fluid sterility. The chamber space between the walls is accessed by a fluid inlet port and a fluid outlet port between which the fluid flows. The inlet port is connected to a conduit/tubing from the fluid source and the outlet port is interconnected with a conduit/tubing that is free of breach points and interconnects to the patient access point. The inner wall allows for transmission of UV light into the fluid space. The walls define a space therebetween that is relatively small radially, allowing for a sufficient flow rate, but providing a large surface area and small fluid depth for exposure to the UV light. The UV light is provided by an elongated lamp within a cavity of the inner wall.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 29, 2010
    Date of Patent: June 10, 2014
    Assignee: Dartmouth-Hitchcock Clinic
    Inventors: Corey A. Burchman, Steven D. Reinitz, Kathryn E. Boucher, Renee N. Cottle