Destroying/degradation Of Chemical Contaminant Patents (Class 210/748.13)
  • Patent number: 9782741
    Abstract: Described herein are method for conducting sonochemical reactions and processes in a liquid. The liquid is passed through a device that generates a liquid jet containing cavitation bubbles and collides the liquid jet with an impact body or other liquid jet to force the collapse of the cavitation bubbles at a select compressive stagnation pressure. The compressive stagnation pressure of the liquid is between 50 and 99 percent of the static pressure of the liquid upon entry of a constriction that generates the liquid jet containing cavitation bubbles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 17, 2017
    Date of Patent: October 10, 2017
    Assignee: ARISDYNE SYSTEMS, INC.
    Inventor: Oleg Kozyuk
  • Patent number: 9682355
    Abstract: Described herein are method for conducting sonochemical reactions and processes in a liquid. The liquid is passed through a device that generates a liquid jet containing cavitation bubbles and collides the liquid jet with an impact body or other liquid jet to force the collapse of the cavitation bubbles at a select compressive stagnation pressure. The compressive stagnation pressure of the liquid is between 50 and 99 percent of the static pressure of the liquid upon entry of a constriction that generates the liquid jet containing cavitation bubbles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 3, 2015
    Date of Patent: June 20, 2017
    Assignee: ARISDYNE SYSTEMS, INC.
    Inventor: Oleg Kozyuk
  • Publication number: 20150136710
    Abstract: A method or process is provided for treating contaminated sludge or soil that includes adsorbed polychlorinated biphenyl compounds (PCB) and polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and polychlorinated dibenzofurans (collectively termed “dioxin-furans compounds”), the method includes pulverizing the sludge or soil and thereafter directing the sludge or soil to an extraction tank where the PCB and dioxin-furan compounds are extracted from the sludge or soil and are caused to become dissolved in a solvent. The treated sludge or soil is separated from the solvent and the solvent is subjected to an ultraviolet irradiation process that destroys the PCB and dioxin-furan compounds.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 17, 2014
    Publication date: May 21, 2015
    Applicant: AIR CONTROL TECHNIQUES, P.C.
    Inventor: John R. Richards
  • Publication number: 20150114912
    Abstract: A reactor that operates with ultraviolet light emitting diodes (UV-LEDs) to attain UV photoreactions or UV photo-initiated reaction in a fluid flow for various applications, including water purification. The UV-LED reactor is comprised of a conduit means for passing fluid flow, an ultraviolet light emitting diode (UV-LED), and a radiation-focusing element to focus the UV-LED radiation to the fluid in the longitudinal direction of the conduit. The UV-LED reactor may include photocatalysts or chemical oxidants, which are activated by UV emitted by UV-LEDs for photocatalytic and photo-initiated reactions.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 25, 2014
    Publication date: April 30, 2015
    Inventor: Fariborz Taghipour
  • Patent number: 8986550
    Abstract: A method and a modular system for performing a sterilizing treatment of ballast waters (12) onboard of a ship (10), for reducing and/or removing the contents of invasive living micro-organisms. A water loading pump (13) and a water preliminary filtering stage (14) are operatively connected to a plurality of ballast water storing tanks (11); a UV sterilizing apparatus (18) for the ballast water is submerged into the ballast water in each water storing tank (11), and is operatively connected to a local control unit (QE). Each UV sterilizing apparatus (18) comprises a UV radiation source (28). The ballast water (12) inside each storing tank (11) is recirculated although the UV radiation source (28), for a required time and mixed with the ballast water inside the water storage tank (11) to enable the living micro-organisms to be substantially reduced or eliminated, during the navigation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 18, 2012
    Date of Patent: March 24, 2015
    Assignee: Artes Ingegneria S.p.A.
    Inventors: Pasquale Punzo, Giuseppe Balzano
  • Publication number: 20150034566
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a process for reduction of the presence of microorganisms and/or decomposition of organic micropollutants in water using an energy source and an additive characterised in that the energy source is UV radiation and the additive comprises performic acid.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 16, 2014
    Publication date: February 5, 2015
    Inventors: Tatjana Karpova, Esa Melin, Antti Vuori, Ulrik Ojstedt, Robin Gramstad, Kaj Jansson, Marko Kolari
  • Publication number: 20150034551
    Abstract: A process for treating an aqueous solution (A) derived from a method of producing a compound of formula (I), wherein R1 and R2 are identical or different and are chosen from among hydrogen and C1-C5 alkyl, wherein R1 and R2 together form a methylene group, and wherein R3, R4, R5 and R6, which are independently identical or different, are chosen from among: a hydrogen atom, a hydroxy group (—OH), an alkoxy group (—OR), an alcohol group (—ROH), an aldehyde group (—CHO), a ketone group (—C(?O)R), an acid group (—COOH), a nitrile group (—CN), a C1-C6 alkyl chain, linear or branched, saturated or unsaturated, potentially comprising one or a plurality of substitutes in a terminal or lateral position or one or more functions in said alkyl chain, R being a C1-C5 alkyl, wherein the aqueous solution (A) comprises at least one sulfate salt SO42?(S) rendered soluble and at least one aromatic organic compound (O) formed during the method for producing the compound (I), and wherein the process comprises at least one step (
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 15, 2013
    Publication date: February 5, 2015
    Inventors: Laurent Garel, Bertrand Satier
  • Patent number: 8926842
    Abstract: A water treatment system using a high pressure advanced oxidation process with unreacted ozone reusing is disclosed, which are able to increase a decomposition speed of a pollutant by reusing a high pressure advanced oxidation process which uses an ozone and photocatalyst and a photo-oxidation reaction of a ultraviolet ray. The capacity of the expensive ozone generator can be reduced as compared to the conventional advanced oxidation process which uses a large capacity ozone generator in which almost ozone is discharged into the air. In addition, it is possible to decrease the load of the off-gas ozone removing apparatus for removing the off-gas ozone which is discharged into the air.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 30, 2007
    Date of Patent: January 6, 2015
    Inventor: Jong Seob Shim
  • Publication number: 20140231348
    Abstract: Aspects of embodiments relate to a method for treating water received at a treatment system. The method may include reducing the hardness of the water by subjecting the water to electrolysis by an electrolytic hardness reducer; and substantially removing disinfectant from the water by irradiating the water with ultraviolet light by a UV disinfectant reducer. The method may further include sanitizing the electrolytic hardness reducer and/or sanitizing the UV disinfectant reducing apparatus by running hot water through either one or both of them.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 18, 2013
    Publication date: August 21, 2014
    Applicant: BIOPHARMAX GROUP LTD.
    Inventor: Shlomo Sackstein
  • Patent number: 8795536
    Abstract: Process for degrading organic substances in an aqueous composition comprising a step (a) wherein, in a liquid reaction medium, said aqueous composition is reacted with at least one composition comprising hydroxide ions (OH?) and hypochlorite in a molar ratio between hydroxide and hypochlorite higher than or equal to 0.001 and lower than 1.5, in order to oxidize said organic substances.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 29, 2009
    Date of Patent: August 5, 2014
    Assignee: Solvay (Societe Anonyme)
    Inventors: Patrick Gilbeau, Ward Blancke
  • Publication number: 20140190902
    Abstract: Waste water from an industrial process, including an organic acid, is reprocessed by introducing the waste water into a heat exchange process in which a heat exchange medium is used so that the waste water which is to be treated is heated to a temperature between 60° C. and the boiling point of the waste water. Subsequently, the waste water is partially evaporated and re-condensed, with the waste water irradiated with UV radiation during the evaporation and condensation process in the liquid and/or gas phase. As a result, a chemical transformation of the organic acid in H2O and carbon dioxide is at least partially carried out. Then, the condensed part of the purified waste water is fed back into the industrial process.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 1, 2012
    Publication date: July 10, 2014
    Applicant: SIEMENS AKTIENGESELLSCHAFT
    Inventors: Andreas Büttner, Thomas Hammer, Cosima Sichel, Martin Tackenberg, Gernut van Laak
  • Patent number: 8758630
    Abstract: A method for reducing fecal coliforms in waste water wherein the flow of water is directed through a reactor having removable cover, inlet and outlet, two UV lamps, six irradiating chambers, each interconnected by apertures, a UV lamp control box, and a heat a conducting pipe to transfer heat from the control box into the flowing water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 26, 2011
    Date of Patent: June 24, 2014
    Assignee: Britenstine Incorporated
    Inventor: Eric Britenstine
  • Publication number: 20140158628
    Abstract: A clinical analyser wastewater treatment apparatus is disclosed including a carbonator section. Preferably there is also an anodic oxidation section and a UV oxidation section, as well as a heavy metal removal section. The anodic oxidation section may include a conductive diamond anode. The apparatus may include a measurement device downstream of the carbonator section and a control system to control the operation of the carbonator. The measurement device is preferably a pH sensor.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 2, 2013
    Publication date: June 12, 2014
    Inventors: Lee Underwood, Paul Whitehead, Alan Denton Mortimer, Jean-Pierre Spanu, James Keary
  • Publication number: 20140151296
    Abstract: Systems and methods for removing organic contaminants from water may be used, for example, to treat produced water from a steam assisted heavy oil recovery operation. The treated produced water may be re-used to create steam. Alternatively, the produced water may be a blowdown stream treated to facilitate further treatment in a thermal crystallizer. The treatments may include pH adjustment or separating de-solubilized organics or both. Other treatments may include one or more of oxidation, sorption and biological treatments. The treatments may be used alone or in various combinations. One exemplary combination includes reducing the pH of produced water, separating de-solubilized organics from the produced water, and oxidizing the produced water or contacting the produced water with activated carbon.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 14, 2013
    Publication date: June 5, 2014
    Applicant: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Brian Christopher MOORE, Hope MATIS, William Leonard KOSTEDT, IV, David M. POLIZZOTTI, Matthew Alan PETERSEN, Jeffrey Lynn SCHWORM, Anthony Yu-Chung KU
  • Patent number: 8741155
    Abstract: A method and system of providing ultrapure water for semiconductor fabrication operations is provided. The water is treated by utilizing a free radical scavenging system and a free radical removal system. The free radical scavenging system can utilize actinic radiation with a free radical precursor compound, such as ammonium persulfate. The free radical removal system can comprise use of a reducing agent. The ultrapure water may be further treated by utilizing ion exchange media and degasification apparatus. A control system can be utilized to regulate addition of the precursor compound, the intensity of the actinic radiation, and addition of the reducing agent to the water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 17, 2011
    Date of Patent: June 3, 2014
    Assignee: Evoqua Water Technologies LLC
    Inventor: Bruce Lee Coulter
  • Patent number: 8728319
    Abstract: A purifying device and a process for deeply treating printing and dyeing wastewater are provided. The device includes a nanometer catalytic microelectrolysis system, a membrane filtration and separation system and a a membrane washing regeneration system. The method includes the following steps of: drawing the printing and dyeing wastewater by a first water pump (12), pumping a first part of the wastewater into a nanometer catalytic microelectrolysis tank (13) to perform catalysis microelectrolysis, and a second part of the wastewater into a neutralization tank (16) to mix with the water from the nanometer catalytic microelectrolysis tank (13) to precipitate, filtering the wastewater by a sand filtration tank (17), and then pumping the wastewater into an adsorption and filteration device of granular active carbon (18) for adsorption and filtration. The process has lower cost and higher energy efficiency, and can realize recycled water to be reused.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 26, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 20, 2014
    Assignee: Boying Xiamen Science and Technology Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Shiwen Zhang
  • Patent number: 8721899
    Abstract: Provided are methods and systems for continuously producing low concentrations of chlorine dioxide from dilute solutions of sodium chlorite. The low concentrations of chlorine dioxide produced allow for reduced exposure risk with direct application of the chlorine dioxide stream. The incorporation of a suitable chlorine dioxide detector permits continuous monitoring and control of chlorine dioxide production ensuring that the process stays within regulatory guidelines. Pretreatment of reaction water is preferred for achieving suitable conversion rates of the low concentrations of chlorite to chlorine dioxide.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 10, 2010
    Date of Patent: May 13, 2014
    Assignee: ChemTreat, Inc.
    Inventors: Jack Bland, Douglas McIlwaine, John Richardson, Michael Burke
  • Patent number: 8685236
    Abstract: A method of removing contaminates from sour water is provided. The method includes producing raw sour water within a syngas production system, and removing the contaminates from the raw sour water using a chemical reaction within a treatment unit to produce treated sour water. The treatment unit is in flow communication with the syngas production system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 20, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 1, 2014
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventor: Gary Daniel Miller
  • Patent number: 8652336
    Abstract: In a system for decomposing organic compounds in water for use in semiconductor manufacturing, a chemical reactor vessel having a fluid inlet and a fluid outlet, a persulfate anion addition system upstream of the reactor vessel, and a light emitting device contained within the reactor vessel. The light emitting device provides light capable of decomposing persulfate anions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 5, 2007
    Date of Patent: February 18, 2014
    Assignee: Siemens Water Technologies LLC
    Inventors: Steve Donald Sitkiewitz, Gary Michael Carmignani, Lee William Fredrick
  • Patent number: 8585908
    Abstract: A ceramic structure for water treatment, a water treatment apparatus and method are provided. Immersion efficiency of a photo catalyst and a specific surface area of the immersed photo catalyst can be improved using a ceramic medium including a ceramic paper prepared of a ceramic fiber. Accordingly, it is possible to provide the water treatment apparatus and method capable of increasing decomposition efficiency of contaminated materials due to irradiation of ultraviolet light, and so on, enabling continuous purification treatment, and remarkably reducing preparation, management and water treatment expenses.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 23, 2010
    Date of Patent: November 19, 2013
    Assignee: LG Hausys, Ltd.
    Inventors: Moonsuk Han, Ju-Hyung Lee, Seongmoon Jung
  • Patent number: 8529770
    Abstract: A portable UV-C purification system is provided that includes a current reduction technique for an electric pump to reduce power demands on an associated generator to thereby produce a light weight and efficient system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 8, 2009
    Date of Patent: September 10, 2013
    Assignee: Water of Life, LLC.
    Inventor: Stephen A. Yencho
  • Patent number: 8480906
    Abstract: In production of ultrapure water by purifying primary pure water with a secondary pure water manufacturing apparatus and a tertiary pure water manufacturing apparatus, high-purity ultrapure water is produced, wherein generation of hydrogen peroxide is minimized and the concentrations of TOC, DO, and hydrogen peroxide are reduced to the limit. In an ultrapure water manufacturing system, each of the secondary pure water manufacturing apparatus and the tertiary pure water manufacturing apparatus includes an ultraviolet oxidation device and a deionization device, downstream therefrom, by using an ion exchange resin. UV light control is performed in such a way that the hydrogen peroxide concentration results in 1 to 30 ?g/L and the TOC concentration results in 1 to 10 ?g/L at the outlet of the ultraviolet oxidation apparatus of the secondary pure water manufacturing apparatus and, in addition, the TOC concentration results in 0.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 13, 2009
    Date of Patent: July 9, 2013
    Assignee: Kurita Water Industries Ltd.
    Inventor: Hideki Kobayashi
  • Patent number: 8480964
    Abstract: The plate reactor includes a rotatable plate coated with a thin film containing an active photocatalytic nanocomposite. In use, the plate is partially submerged in polluted water so that a portion thereof is exposed to air and light. The exposed areas of the plate gains oxygen from the air, which reacts with the photo-promoted electrons from the coating. This results in the formation of very reactive superoxide radical ions (O2?) and/or the generation of hydroxyl radicals (.OH), either of which can oxidize targeted organic matter and pollutants in wastewater when the exposed area is submerged during rotation of the plate, thus purifying the water. A plurality of paddles radially extend from the edge of the plate to mix the water during rotation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 5, 2011
    Date of Patent: July 9, 2013
    Assignee: King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals
    Inventor: Tawfik Abdo Saleh Awadh
  • Patent number: 8475725
    Abstract: A method and energy-efficient apparatus for the treatment of liquids through the joint use of a gas mixture-oxidizing agent and UV radiation. This method uses an excimer UV lamp performing two actions affecting the liquid and changing its properties with UV radiation and the generation of a gas mixture containing strong oxidizing agents for influence on the liquid, disinfection and purification of the liquid being treated from contaminants. The apparatus incorporates energy efficient design features to reduce energy consumption and operational costs, as well as an excimer lamp design that improves performance parameters to surpass and outlast existing devices. Unique electrode designs, cleaning systems, and materials combine to create a state-of-the-art liquid treatment apparatus that exceeds existing industrial analogs and norms.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 21, 2012
    Date of Patent: July 2, 2013
    Assignee: East Coast Distribution, Inc.
    Inventors: Alexander Antipenko, Dmitry Budovich, Richard H. Sakaji, Alexander Medvedev, Eugene Veklerov, Vladimir Rakhamimov
  • Patent number: 8445864
    Abstract: A system includes a UV light source and an optical medium coupled to receive UV light from the UV light source. The optical medium is configured to emit UV light proximate to a surface to be protected from biofouling. A method corresponds to the system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 26, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 21, 2013
    Assignee: Raytheon Company
    Inventors: Matthew D. Thoren, Andrew M. Piper
  • Patent number: 8419858
    Abstract: method and system for decomposing organic compounds in wastewater that uses an interaction between an acid, a permeable structure and ultra violet light to accelerate the decomposition of organic compounds in wastewater. This invention can be used to decomposing organic compounds in industrial process and wastewater discharges, municipal drinking water supplies, food processing rinse water and commercial and residential water purification systems.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 8, 2004
    Date of Patent: April 16, 2013
    Assignee: Haydock Intellectual Properties, LLC
    Inventor: Frederick J. Haydock
  • Patent number: 8414779
    Abstract: A UV disinfection system and methods of UV disinfection are provided. The disinfection system may include a UV transparent conduit to carry a flowing liquid to be disinfected, the conduit having an inlet to receive the liquid and an outlet to discharge the liquid and two or more radiation sources positioned within the conduit substantially perpendicular to the axis of symmetry of the conduit. The walls of the conduit may be coated with a reflective coating acting as a back-surface mirror for enhancing the performance of the disinfection system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 5, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 9, 2013
    Assignee: Atlantium Technologies Ltd.
    Inventor: Uri Levy
  • Patent number: 8197665
    Abstract: Aqueous composition containing at least one salt in an amount of at least 30 g/kg of composition, of which the total organic carbon content is at least 1 ?g of C/l and at most 5 g of C/l of composition and which contains at least one carboxylic acid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 11, 2008
    Date of Patent: June 12, 2012
    Assignee: Solvay (Societe Anonyme)
    Inventors: Philippe Krafft, Patrick Gilbeau, Dominique Balthasart, Andre Daene
  • Patent number: 8129696
    Abstract: Embodiments of systems including wastewater treatment systems that utilize high energy light to destruct organics in wastewater are provided. In some embodiments, such systems may include a gas purifier that is configured to purify a gas. The wastewater treatment system treats wastewater from the gas purifier via the use of ultraviolet light. Accordingly, the wastewater treatment system may include an ultraviolet light system that directs ultraviolet light through the wastewater.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 13, 2009
    Date of Patent: March 6, 2012
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventor: Gary Daniel Miller
  • Patent number: 8088290
    Abstract: A method of and apparatus for treating liquids flowing in a thin film around a source of wave energy to directly expose the liquid to the wave energy, preferably generated in whole or part by an electrical arc between carbon electrodes. In addition to the wave energy generated by the electrical arc, energy generated by cavitation of the flowing liquid may be used in treating the liquid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 2, 2008
    Date of Patent: January 3, 2012
    Assignee: Foret Plasma Labs, LLC
    Inventor: Todd Foret
  • Publication number: 20110180485
    Abstract: In a system for decomposing organic compounds in water for use in semiconductor manufacturing, a chemical reactor vessel having a fluid inlet and a fluid outlet, a persulfate anion addition system upstream of the reactor vessel, and a light emitting device contained within the reactor vessel. The light emitting device provides light capable of decomposing persulfate anions.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 5, 2007
    Publication date: July 28, 2011
    Applicant: Fluid Lines
    Inventors: Steve Donald Sitkiewitz, Gary Michael Carmignani, Lee William Fredrick
  • Patent number: 7985342
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for treating a fluid using a wave energy uses a cyclone separator configured to create a flow of the fluid in a thin film along a vortex path from a first end to a second end of the cyclone separator, a first electrode and a second electrode that are at least partially disposed within the cyclone separator, spaced apart from one another, and axially aligned with one another along a central axis of the cyclone separator from the first end to the second end. The electrodes are used to create an open electrical arc to provide the wave energy directly exposing the fluid as the fluid flows along the vortex path in close proximity to and surrounding the electrical arc such that only a gas separates the fluid from the open electrical arc.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 20, 2009
    Date of Patent: July 26, 2011
    Assignee: Foret Plasma Labs, LLC
    Inventor: Todd Foret
  • Patent number: 7897053
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for treating a fluid using a wave energy uses a gas-sparged pipe configured to create a flow of the fluid in a thin film along a vortex path from a first end to a second end of the gas-sparged pipe, a first electrode and a second electrode that are at least partially disposed within the gas-sparged pipe, spaced apart from one another, and axially aligned with one another along a central axis of the gas-sparged pipe from the first end to the second end. The electrodes are used to create an open electrical arc to provide the wave energy directly exposing the fluid as the fluid flows along the vortex path in close proximity to and surrounding the electrical arc such that only a gas separates the fluid from the open electrical arc.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 20, 2009
    Date of Patent: March 1, 2011
    Assignee: Foret Plasma Labs, LLC
    Inventor: Todd Foret
  • Publication number: 20110042327
    Abstract: A method of removing contaminates from sour water is provided. The method includes producing raw sour water within a syngas production system, and removing the contaminates from the raw sour water using a chemical reaction within a treatment unit to produce treated sour water. The treatment unit is in flow communication with the syngas production system.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 20, 2009
    Publication date: February 24, 2011
    Inventor: Gary Daniel Miller
  • Patent number: 7892436
    Abstract: Compositions and methods and for contaminants from water are provided. The compositions comprise ferric hydroxide and ferric oxyhydride coated substrates for use in removing the contaminant from the water. Contacting water bearing the contaminant with the substrates can substantially reduce contaminant levels therein. Methods of oxidizing the contaminants in water to facilitate their removal by the ferric hydroxide and ferric oxyhydride coated substrates are also provided. The contaminants include, but are not limited to, arsenic, selenium, uranium, lead, cadmium, nickel, copper, zinc, chromium and vanadium, their oxides and soluble salts thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 25, 2006
    Date of Patent: February 22, 2011
    Assignee: The Regents of the University of California
    Inventor: Ashok Jagannth Gadgil
  • Publication number: 20100294727
    Abstract: Process for degrading organic substances in an aqueous composition comprising a step (a) wherein, in a liquid reaction medium, said aqueous composition is reacted with at least one composition comprising hydroxide ions (OH?) and hypochlorite in a molar ratio between hydroxide and hypochlorite higher than or equal to 0.001 and lower than 1.5, in order to oxidize said organic substances.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 29, 2009
    Publication date: November 25, 2010
    Applicant: SOLVAY S.A.
    Inventors: Patrick Gilbeau, Ward Blancke
  • Patent number: RE43332
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method for disinfecting and purifying liquids and gasses comprising; a) passing said liquids or gasses through a reactor or a combination of reactors, having a truncated compounded concentrator geometry; and b) simultaneously delivering and concentrating diversified electromagnetic and acoustic energies into a specific predetermined inner space of said compounded concentrator reactor, forming a high energy density zone in said reactor or reactors over a predetermined period of time. The reactor according to the present invention is preferably a compounded parabolic concentrator or a compounded ellipsoidal concentrator. The electromagnetic energy delivered and concentrated into and inside the reactor can be of any range of the electromagnetic spectrum, such as ultra-violet, visible, infra-red, microwave etc., or combination thereof. The acoustic energy is of any suitable frequency.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 21, 2000
    Date of Patent: May 1, 2012
    Assignee: Atlantium Technologies Ltd.
    Inventors: Zamir Tribelsky, Michael Ende