Relatively Movable Flow Paths Patents (Class 239/417)
  • Patent number: 8104695
    Abstract: A fuel injector for injecting fuel into a gasifier includes a mating end including a nozzle portion and a first flange fixedly coupled to the mating end and having a first receiving hole there through and including a first diaphragm disposed therein. The injector also includes a fuel transmission nozzle displaced at least partially within the mating end and passing through the first receiving hole arranged and configured such that a secondary oxygen channel exists between the fuel transmission nozzle and the mating end, the fuel transmission nozzle being fixedly coupled to the first diaphragm and further including a fuel inlet for receiving fuel for introduction into the gasifier.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 18, 2009
    Date of Patent: January 31, 2012
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Monty Lee Harned, Doug Scott Byrd, Paul Stephen Dimascio, Shashishekara Sitharamarao Talya
  • Patent number: 7464766
    Abstract: A self-metering, automatic (i.e. pressure regulating) industrial-scale fire fighting nozzle, with or without self-eduction, for self-metering a concentrate in accordance with varying liquid flow through the nozzle occasioned by the pressure regulating, with additional features of having a “ratio selectable” means for self-metering for different selected additive concentrations or mixing ratios and of having a mechanical flowmeter.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 2, 2003
    Date of Patent: December 16, 2008
    Assignee: Williams Fire & Hazard Control, Inc.
    Inventors: Dennis W. Crabtree, Dwight P. Williams
  • Patent number: 7252247
    Abstract: A self-cleaning spray nozzle, and in particular a self-cleaning spray nozzle for use in an apparatus for the preparation of a particulate material by a controlled agglomeration method, for example a method for controlled growth of particle size. The apparatus is especially suitable for use in the preparation of pharmaceutical compositions containing a therapeutically and/or prophylactically active substance which has a relatively low aqueous solubility and/or which is subject to chemical decomposition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 22, 2003
    Date of Patent: August 7, 2007
    Assignee: LifeCycle Pharma A/S
    Inventors: Per Holm, Elo Nielsen
  • Patent number: 7077339
    Abstract: An applicator for applying a multi-component bio-material including at least two containers. Both containers are held in a structure or oriented in a structure such that material contained in the containers can be expressed from oriented outlets simultaneously. The applicator includes a graspable member which allows the material to be expressed from all containers of the applicator substantially simultaneously. The applicator may be constructed such that a pre-selected and substantially different volume is expressed from each of the containers substantially simultaneously.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 3, 2003
    Date of Patent: July 18, 2006
    Assignee: Biomet, Inc.
    Inventor: Michael D Leach
  • Patent number: 6964380
    Abstract: A spraying gun includes a water inlet connector, a connecting member, an adjusting member, a detergent tube, a water conducting tube, and an extension pipe. Thus, the water flow rate of the spraying gun is adjusted by rotation of the adjusting member, thereby facilitating a user regulating the water flow rate of the spraying gun. In addition, the water is mixed with the detergent by rotation of the adjusting member to provide a cleaning effect.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 9, 2004
    Date of Patent: November 15, 2005
    Assignee: Shin Tai Spurt Water of the Garden Tools Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Chin-Yuan Chen
  • Patent number: 6576913
    Abstract: A focused ion beam apparatus has a gas injector provided with a plurality of gas supply pipes each having a nozzle at one end for ejecting a gas and a housing in which the plurality of gas supply pipes are slidably accommodated. The housing has a tip portion with a hole provided at a terminal end thereof and the hole has a size set so that only one of the nozzles can extend therefrom. In addition, the housing has a tapered nozzle guide portion for guiding a selected nozzle from a retracted position at which the selected nozzle does not extend from the hole to an extended position at which the selected nozzle extends from the hole.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 8, 2002
    Date of Patent: June 10, 2003
    Assignee: Seiko Instruments Inc.
    Inventor: Yoshihiro Koyama
  • Patent number: 5771866
    Abstract: A nozzle is provided for a fuel injection system in which a cap is disposed around a common termination of a first and second conduit. The first and second conduits are associated in coaxial and concentric relation with each other. A liquid fuel is transmitted through the first conduit and air is transmitted through the second conduit. The air is taken into the second conduit at atmospheric pressure without the need for an air compressor. An opening is formed in the cap of the nozzle to allow the fine mist formed at the common termination of the first and second conduit to flow out of the nozzle and into an air stream, such as within an intake manifold, for transport in the air stream to the combustion chamber of a cylinder within the internal combustion engine.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 24, 1997
    Date of Patent: June 30, 1998
    Assignee: Brunswick Corporation
    Inventor: Richard E. Staerzl
  • Patent number: 5725154
    Abstract: A spray gun for cleaning using a dense fluid such as CO.sub.2, provides snow pellets of controllable size and kinetic energy, the kinetic energy being at a significantly higher level than has heretofore been attainable. A heated or thermal ionized gas is passed at substantial pressure accelerates the snow particles with an enveloping stream of gas. Charge build-up both within the snow delivery tube and in the substrate region is minimized by the use of a grounding helix in the snow delivery tube, in conjunction with the thermal ionized gas.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 18, 1995
    Date of Patent: March 10, 1998
    Inventor: David P. Jackson
  • Patent number: 5615831
    Abstract: A precipitation jet includes a nozzle having an inlet for receiving liquid resin solution, a conical tip, and a plurality of circumferentially spaced apart outlets extending through the nozzle tip for discharging the resin solution. A tubular receiver is disposed coaxially with the nozzle tip and is spaced axially therefrom. The receiver includes a frustoconical impingement surface spaced axially from the nozzle tip to define therewith an annular flow channel having at opposite ends thereof a channel inlet for receiving steam and a channel outlet for discharging an atomized spray of the steam and resin solution for precipitating resin powder from the spray.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 5, 1995
    Date of Patent: April 1, 1997
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Michael J. Molezzi, Harry W. Crumbacher, Bernard McConville, Connie H. Shannon
  • Patent number: 5199866
    Abstract: An oxy-fuel system for reducing NO.sub.x formation in corrosive high temperature environments including a self-cooled adjustable oxy-fuel burner that generally produces a luminous flame having a concentric fuel rich phase and an outer surrounding oxidizer rich phase the flame directed through a precombustor mounted on the flame end of the burner the precombustor having a length to diameter (L/d) ratio fixed by the firing rate of the burner.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 30, 1992
    Date of Patent: April 6, 1993
    Assignees: Air Products and Chemicals, Inc., Combustion TEC, Inc.
    Inventors: Mahendra L. Joshi, James K. Nabors, Aleksandar G. Slavejkov
  • Patent number: 5184776
    Abstract: A pneumatic atomizer includes a gas flow circuit forming the carrier for a liquid to be atomized. The liquid flows through a capillary terminating in a cone spaced from a narrow passage through which the gas and liquid sweep. The capillary and the cone are axially mobile to stabilize the gas flow rate. The atomizer is useful for determining the composition of the liquid by emission spectrometry.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 11, 1991
    Date of Patent: February 9, 1993
    Assignee: Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique
    Inventor: Jacques Minier
  • Patent number: 5139416
    Abstract: A gas burner used in glass melting furnace comprising a mixing tube having a perforated mixture for mixing fuel gas with air inspirated by gas flow, means for supplying fuel gas to the mixing tube and an inspiration tube located in the mixing tube. The perforated mixer is situated inside the mixing tube at the end of the inspiration tube. The gas burner also comprises a means for moving the air inspiration tube longitudinally with respect to the mixing tube and a seal located between the perforated mixer and the inside surface of the mixing tube to allow the perforated mixer to move longitudinally with respect to said mixing tube.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 19, 1991
    Date of Patent: August 18, 1992
    Inventors: Manfred Wagner, Helmut Pieper
  • Patent number: 5090619
    Abstract: A snow gun in the form of a hollow body includes a radially outer cylindrical wall having a longitudinally adjustable central tube coaxially mounted within the hollow body which further includes a radially inner cylindrical wall, radially spaced from the radially outer cylindrical wall and from the central tube. The outer cylindrical wall terminates in a converging, diverging nozzle downstream of facing ends of the radially inner cylindrical wall and the central tube. The end of the radially inner cylindrical wall proximate to the expansion nozzle forms a conical portion which extends beyond the axial end of the central tube to form a second converging and diverging expansion nozzle for a water passage between the central tube of the radially inner cylindrical wall. Compressed air is fed to the interior of the central tube and between the radially outer and radially inner cylindrical walls.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 29, 1990
    Date of Patent: February 25, 1992
    Assignee: Pinnacle Innovations
    Inventors: Scott Barthold, Bruce A. McLay
  • Patent number: 5088916
    Abstract: A gas-air ratio control valve for gas burners has a reciprocally movable operating rod (7) which is provided with a primary air flow rate control valve portion (A), a secondary air flow rate control valve portion (B) and a raw gas flow rate control valve portion (G), the opening degree of these valve portions being increased and decreased according to the reciprocal movement of the operating rod (7). In these valve portions, the inner wall surface of a valve body or valve chest can be tapered. The operating rod (7) can also be moved back and forth in the vertical direction. In case a raw gas is converged with a primary air, it may be also be faced with the flow of the primary air.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 27, 1989
    Date of Patent: February 18, 1992
    Assignee: EIKEN Kougyo Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Toshio Furuhashi, Mokoto Hasegawa
  • Patent number: 5054689
    Abstract: A combination plastic and gas injection nozzle assembly and method of operation in which the nozzle assembly includes a plastic resin passage, a closure member for the plastic resin passage, a gas flow passage, and a closure member for the gas flow passage all coaxial with respect to one another. Actuating cylinders are provided for moving both closure members between open and closed positions. The actuating cylinders being positioned coaxial with the other elements to eliminate off-set loading of the nozzle components. A sequential molding operation is disclosed in which a plurality of mold cavities defined by a single mold assembly are injected by one or more nozzles with plastic and a gas to form hollow spaces in the molded article. The cavities are injected with plastic one at a time to reduce the required mold clamping forces and enable independent control of plastic injection into each cavity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 11, 1990
    Date of Patent: October 8, 1991
    Assignee: Hoover Universal, Inc.
    Inventors: Edward C. Hunerberg, Neil Daly
  • Patent number: 5005768
    Abstract: A spray nozzle for dry shotcreting is disclosed. The spray nozzle has a first member through which dry concrete mix is passed, a second member attached to the first member through which water is passed, and a spray nozzle head. The spray nozzle head has a plurality of openings for water inlet from the second member into the dry concrete mix which passes into the spray nozzle head from the first member. The openings are arranged either circularly or helically about the circumference of the spray nozzle head. The number of openings available for water inlet can be adjusted by axial movement of the spray nozzle head.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 5, 1990
    Date of Patent: April 9, 1991
    Assignee: Elkem a/s
    Inventor: Eike Herfurth
  • Patent number: 4934602
    Abstract: In a spray gun for fluids, such as paint, pressurized air is brought from a hollow handle to a hollow barrel containing an air transition nozzle while the fluid is brought radially into a fluid nozzle in the barrel. The fluid is expelled through a port in the center of the fluid nozzle at the end of the barrel and the pressurized air is expelled out the end of the barrel through openings in an air cap to shape the fluid spray. A cylindrical cartridge, which includes the fluid nozzle and a restricter plug, is movable along the inside of the barrel to change the size and/or shape of the spray and at the same time, control the amount of air to the air cap and the amount of expelled fluid to keep the air-to-fluid ratio substantially unchanged and the air transition nozzle produces a well-defined spray pattern with uniform droplets.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 10, 1989
    Date of Patent: June 19, 1990
    Inventor: Roy D. Mattson
  • Patent number: 4928885
    Abstract: A nozzle device for jetting water as hot as one can enjoy bathing in it, which is supplied under pressure from a hot water supply source, into hot water in the bathtub comprising a nozzle body provided with a nozzle opening formed at the front end of the nozzle body and through which the hot water is jetted and an inner hole through which the hot water is introduced from the hot water supply source to the nozzle opening, a means for jetting not water passed through the nozzle opening, having a hole arranged coaxially with the nozzle opening and a passage through which air outside is introduced into the hot water passed through the nozzle opening, and a means for adjusting the amount of the air introduced through the air passage into the hole, said means being movable toward said nozzle opening while rotating around its axis.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 31, 1989
    Date of Patent: May 29, 1990
    Assignee: Nikki Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Haruki Nakao
  • Patent number: 4905901
    Abstract: A nozzle for injecting a viscous fluid, such as a molten plastic and a non-viscous fluid, such as a gas, includes a nozzle body having an inlet end, a discharge end and a flow passage for viscous fluid extending from the inlet end to the discharge end. A shut off valve device is provided for reciprocating in the nozzle body flow passage to control the flow of viscous fluid through the nozzle body discharge end. The shut off valve device includes a valve body and a non-viscous fluid flow passage provided in the valve body. A baffle device is located in the non-viscous fluid flow passage of the shut off valve for retarding a flow of viscous fluid in the non-viscous flow passage.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 30, 1988
    Date of Patent: March 6, 1990
    Assignee: Sajar Plastics, Inc.
    Inventor: Joe L. Johnson
  • Patent number: 4880162
    Abstract: Gas atomization nozzle for producing metal powder from a molten bath. The nozzle is characterized in that the angle of convergence of the gas to the metal stream can be varied and total volumetric flow of gas through the nozzle can be varied and precisely controlled.The nozzle is characterized by having a generally cylindrical shaped housing containing means to tangentially direct gas introduced from outside the housing to a recess in the inner wall of the cylinder with the tangential gas passages having means to adjust the total volumetric flow of atomizing gas through the nozzle. Disposed in the inside of the cylindrical housing juxtaposed to the recess and in combination therewith is a flow direction insert and a flow direction plate, the flow direction insert being variably positionable in relation to the flow direction plate to control the width of the spray zone.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 15, 1988
    Date of Patent: November 14, 1989
    Assignee: Air Products and Chemicals, Inc.
    Inventors: Roger A. Howells, George H. Stoner, Joseph Stockunas
  • Patent number: 4817872
    Abstract: In a spray gun for fluids, such as paint, pressurized air is brought from a hollow handle to a hollow barrel while the fluid is brought radially into a fluid nozzle in the barrel. The fluid is expelled through a port in the center of the fluid nozzle at the end of the barrel and the pressurized air is expelled out the end of the barrel through openings in an air cap to shape the fluid spray. A cylindrical cartridge, which includes the fluid nozzle and a restricter plug, is movable along the inside of the barrel to change the size and/or shape of the spray and at the same time, control the amount of air to the air cap and the amount of expelled fluid to keep the air-to-fluid ratio substantially unchanged.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 11, 1988
    Date of Patent: April 4, 1989
    Inventor: Roy D. Mattson
  • Patent number: 4768718
    Abstract: A nozzle for applying a quasi-random splatter pattern of viscous fluid material. The nozzle includes an axially inward gas flow path and an axially outward material flow path. The material flow paths are partially defined by an array of material flow passageways that are yieldingly obstructed by a valve member. The valve member has a center bore to permit passage of a stream of gas. Pressurization of the viscous fluid material causes the material to exceed the threshold pressure for axial movement of the valve member. The viscous fluid material will thereafter flow to an outlet orifice having a configuration which is at least closely similar to the array of material flow passageways. Material at the outlet orifice is impinged by the stream of gas through the nozzle for projection to a surface.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 10, 1987
    Date of Patent: September 6, 1988
    Assignee: Slautterback Corporation
    Inventor: W. Harrison Faulkner, III
  • Patent number: 4767060
    Abstract: This invention relates to a nozzle which is capable of selectively dispensing a liquid product as a foam or a spray. A swirl chamber delivers a vortical sheet from the nozzle orifice. The nozzle features a movable chamber which can be moved to a point where it offers no interference with the vortical sheet and thus the spray mode of delivery is effected. The chamber can be moved to a point where interference with the vortical sheet is effected and the formation of a turbulent film is realized. Gas passageways are provided to achieve aeration of the turbulent film and the resultant dispensing of the liquid as a foam.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 5, 1987
    Date of Patent: August 30, 1988
    Assignee: Specialty Packaging Licensing Company
    Inventors: Joseph J. Shay, John D. Daddio
  • Patent number: 4752303
    Abstract: The present invention describes a process for producing synthesis gas by partial oxidation of carbon-containing particles suspended in water with oxygen at elevated pressures and temperatures of 1000.degree. to 1600.degree. C. Three substance streams are added separately but simultaneously to the reactor. The inner substance stream consists of oxygen or a mixture of oxygen and synthesis gas. The middle substance stream forms a carbon-water suspension, and the outer substance stream carries oxygen or oxygen-containing gases. Due to the fact that these three substance streams intersect at an acute angle, an ideal distribution of the suspension with the gas streams is achieved and an optimum reaction course is ensured. In order to be able to compensate requirement fluctuations during continuous operation, the outlet opening for the carbon-water suspension and the outer gas stream can be correspondingly adapted in a continuous and independent manner.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 12, 1987
    Date of Patent: June 21, 1988
    Assignee: Ruhrchemie Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Winfried Materne, Bernard Schleper, Josef Hibbel, Volkmar Schmidt, Bernhard Lieder, Ulrich Gerhardus, Heinrich Scheve
  • Patent number: 4742959
    Abstract: A nozzle structure for mixing high pressure water with compressed air has an adjustable size conically shaped water opening that permits a conical sheet of water to form the air nozzle adjacent the nozzle's exit end.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 20, 1986
    Date of Patent: May 10, 1988
    Assignee: Killington Ltd.
    Inventors: Yaroslav I. Stanchak, Niilo J. Makkonen, Victor Waryas
  • Patent number: 4714198
    Abstract: An injector nozzle is provided which provides a pilot charge of fuel followed by a charge of coal/water slurry. The injector nozzle has a valve which is moved by coal/water slurry pressure to introduce pilot fuel followed by coal/water slurry. After the coal/water slurry is introduced the valve and valve seat are purged by pilot fuel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 3, 1986
    Date of Patent: December 22, 1987
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventor: Sudhir D. Savkar
  • Patent number: 4602571
    Abstract: A burner (10) is provided for supplying coal-liquid slurry and combustion air to a furnace (2). The burner housing (12) is mounted about the burner throat opening (6) and interconnected to a combustion air supply duct (8). A coal slurry gun (14) is disposed coaxially within the housing for spraying the coal-liquid slurry into the furnace. A first conduit means (20) is disposed coaxially about the coal slurry gun to define a primary air flow passage (22) surrounding the slurry gun. Additionally, a second conduit means (30) is disposed coaxially about the first conduit means (20) to define a secondary air flow passage (32) between the first and second conduit means and a tertiary air flow passage (34) between the second conduit means and the burner throat (4). Independently controllable dampers 41, 42 and 43 are provided in the air inlets to the primary, secondary and tertiary air flow passages to permit independent control of air flow velocity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 30, 1984
    Date of Patent: July 29, 1986
    Assignee: Combustion Engineering, Inc.
    Inventor: Roman Chadshay
  • Patent number: 4592507
    Abstract: Apparatus and a method for coating a road surface with bitumen binder material. The apparatus includes distribution conduit members for conducting bitumen material in a fluid state from a continuous source thereof and distribution conduit members for conducting gas, preferably steam, from a continuous source thereof. A plurality of mixer housings are joined to the conduit members and receive bitumen binder material and gas. The apparatus is carried by a vehicle which travels over a road surface. The bitumen binder material and the gas are mixed and sprayed upon the road surface as the vehicle travels over the road surface.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 5, 1985
    Date of Patent: June 3, 1986
    Inventor: Charles R. Benedict
  • Patent number: 4502633
    Abstract: A variable capacity burner that may be used in gasification processes, the burner being adjustable when operating in its intended operating environment to operate at two different flow capacities, with the adjustable parts being dynamically sealed within a statically sealed structural arrangement to prevent dangerous blow-outs of the reactants to the atmosphere.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 5, 1982
    Date of Patent: March 5, 1985
    Assignee: Eastman Kodak Company
    Inventor: Daniel I. Saxon
  • Patent number: 4447010
    Abstract: A proportional regulation oil burner of low-pressure air type, wherein a second separate air nozzle is disposed between the oil nozzle and the first air nozzle, and a small amount of low-temperature air is fed into the second air nozzle to prevent the oil nozzle from becoming higher in temperature, whereby heavy oil can be used even when the preheating air of high temperature is used.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 26, 1982
    Date of Patent: May 8, 1984
    Assignee: Chugai Ro Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Yasunori Maeda, Akinobu Yamasaki
  • Patent number: 4434939
    Abstract: A portable, self-contained unit for the application of textured wall and ceiling covering material comprises a pressure tank adapted to be charged from an external source or by a manually actuatable pump incorporated in the tank. A pressure line containing a regulator connects the tank to an applicator gun having a longitudinally displaceable nozzle which directs the pressurized air across the bottom of a hopper containing textured material. Various tips for the gun are available to control the amount and texture of the material applied.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 16, 1982
    Date of Patent: March 6, 1984
    Inventor: James L. Stankowitz
  • Patent number: 4426841
    Abstract: An improved gas turbine engine combustor assembly particularly for automotive application including a primary reaction chamber disposed in a pressurized air plenum of the engine, fixed area air flow ports between the reaction chamber and the plenum, a prechamber housing at an upstream end of the reaction chamber having an annular fixed area air passage between the plenum and the reaction chamber, a radially expandable annular partition in the air passage dividing the latter into an inner annular prechamber portion and an outer annular excess air portion, and a fuel nozzle operative to spray fuel into the prechamber portion where it vaporizes and mixes with air passing through the prechamber portion to provide a combustible mixture of properly lean air-fuel ratio in the combustor. The flow areas of the prechamber portion and the excess air portion vary in mutually inverse relationship and combine to always substantially equal the flow area of the air passage.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 2, 1981
    Date of Patent: January 24, 1984
    Assignee: General Motors Corporation
    Inventors: Walter Cornelius, Edward D. Klomp
  • Patent number: 4420047
    Abstract: The conventional potable water distribution system (310, 318) or other water supply system conventionally provided in passenger aircraft and other large passenger vehicles such as boats and trains may be modified to provide a convenient source of water under high pressure (300, 302) for fire suppression purposes. A mobile cart (10) that can be conveniently stowed inside the passenger area is provided with a source of foaming agent (132, 134), a mixing nozzle (148), and the required valves and hoses (128, 142, 150). A plurality of pressurized water outlets may be located throughout the passenger area. The cart's water inlet hose (128) is provided with a suitable quick connect/disconnect fitting (130). In order to provide the greatest versatility and effectiveness, the mixing nozzle (148) is provided with a convenient control (168) whereby the operator may choose between a heavy mist of plain water, a relatively dense foam, or a relatively light foam.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 28, 1981
    Date of Patent: December 13, 1983
    Assignee: Lockheed Corporation
    Inventor: Wilhelm A. Bruensicke
  • Patent number: 4408719
    Abstract: A sonic liquid atomizing device having a body member with a concave face and a resonator spaced from the face. An air nozzle projects through an opening in the face to form an annular aperture about the nozzle and an inlet for liquid connects with the annular aperture. The nozzle carries an axial stem on which the resonator is mounted and the nozzle is adjustable axially to vary the area of the annular aperture. The nozzle is tapered and its conical projection terminates on the axis of the stem between the resonator and a point one third of the distance between the resonator and the nozzle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 17, 1981
    Date of Patent: October 11, 1983
    Inventor: Anthony J. Last
  • Patent number: 4408721
    Abstract: A hydro-air jet assembly wherein a ball-shaped element has a first passageway therethrough communicating with an air supply and a second passage therethrough communicating with a water supply which is rotatably mounted in a housing and has a venturi nozzle secured to the ball to corotate therewith but which is adjustable in an axial direction with respect to the ball member providing constant water and air flow rates through the ball and nozzle assembly regardless of the angular position of the ball. A venturi nozzle holder is used which provides a novel means of securing the adjustable venturi nozzle to the ball member.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 23, 1981
    Date of Patent: October 11, 1983
    Assignee: Jacuzzi Inc.
    Inventors: Carlos Cohen, Alfred Raab
  • Patent number: 4353504
    Abstract: A snow gun for making artificial snow by atomizing a mixture of air and water is disclosed. The snow gun comprises a hollow body, a compressed air supply conduit terminated by an injection nozzle accommodated inside the hollow body and opening at an end into the hollow body. A pressurized water supply conduit opens into a space between the hollow body and the air supply conduit. A mixing chamber for mixing air and water communicates through an inlet port with the interior of the hollow body, the inlet port facing the discharge nozzle of the injection nozzle. The injection nozzle is displaceable longitudinally relative to the inlet port of the mixing chamber for adjusting the water flow passage to the mixing chamber. A needle valve adjusts the cross-sectional area of discharge orifice of the air injection nozzle. The mixing chamber comprises the bore of a main nozzle extending in the continuation of the injection nozzle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 18, 1980
    Date of Patent: October 12, 1982
    Assignee: Le Froid Industriel York S.A.
    Inventors: Pierre Girardin, Max Duplan
  • Patent number: 4314670
    Abstract: A method of atomization control and related gas atomizing nozzles are described which enable variation of the degree of atomization, the liquid and gas flow rates and the atmospheric spray dilution. Varying the thickness of flowing liquid and adjacent atomizing gas sheets varies spray droplet size and atmospheric spray dilution. Transverse sheet size is varied to change nozzle capacity. Annular and linear sheet forming nozzles are described. Nozzles are also described with flexible divider walls whereby thickness of the flowing sheets may be varied by altering relative flow pressures.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 15, 1980
    Date of Patent: February 9, 1982
    Inventor: William A. Walsh, Jr.
  • Patent number: 4204645
    Abstract: A compression-type spray device employing a single nozzle can be used to spray materials varying widely in density, composition and particle size. The device incorporates an air-and-material mix control using variably exposed slots in the nozzle to regulate the flow of high-pressure air through the nozzle, and a material supply control using variable restrictions in the material supply tube inlet to regulate the flow of material to the nozzle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 17, 1978
    Date of Patent: May 27, 1980
    Assignee: Column Corporation
    Inventor: Leo A. Hopp
  • Patent number: 4162888
    Abstract: A burner for liquid fuel in which a pressure atomizer jet is located concentrically in an air supply pipe. A potlike body is located between the discharge opening of the air supply pipe and the discharge opening of the burner jet. The body or member is opened towards the combustion chamber, and has a shell having radial openings and extending to the discharge opening of the air supply type for closing it. The potlike member has a bottom constructed as a baffle plate with a center opening and radial slots emanating from it. Upstream of this baffle plate, there is located another potlike member which encloses a space containing the atomizer jet and the ignition electrodes. The bottom of the other potlike member is penetrated by a pipe whose discharge opening is downstream of the ignition electrodes between them. The diameter of the rim of the other potlike member is smaller than the diameter measured by the outer ends of the radial slots and is larger than the diameter of the center opening of the baffle plate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 21, 1978
    Date of Patent: July 31, 1979
    Inventors: Siegfried Weishaupt, Hermann Kopp
  • Patent number: 4157160
    Abstract: A nozzle assembly in which the nozzle closes the end of angularly disposed air ducts, the nozzle having a central axial air passageway and a plurality of radially directed air passageways, the radially directed air passageways converging in arcuate paths toward the axis of the central passageway. Elements defining the central passageway are movable toward and away from each other to provide for a variable annular opening through which liquid, such as a pesticide, is introduced into the axial passageway and discharged with the air as a fog. In one embodiment of the invention, a motor controls the positioning of one element defining the central air passageway.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 26, 1976
    Date of Patent: June 5, 1979
    Assignee: Lowndes Engineering Co., Inc.
    Inventor: David W. Waldron
  • Patent number: 4155704
    Abstract: A specific feature of the disclosed apparatus comprising burners disposed along the generatrix of the shell of the kiln and provided each with a plurality of nozzles each whereof is located in the refractory lining of the kiln, consists of a cylindrical portion the outlet wherefrom is provided in the form of converging as well as diverging cones and accommodates an axially disposed hollow movable rod which is provided with perforations within a portion passing through a gas chamber and is linked up with a drive by way of a means of actuation is that the gas chamber is fixed outside the nozzle the cylindrical portion, the converging cone and the diverging one whereof are located coaxially and successively looking in the direction wherein the mixture of steam, gas and air flows, the rod is spring-loaded in the axial direction and provided at its end facing the outlet from the nozzle with a hollow valve head pierced with through passages to obtain communication with the space inside the cylindrical portion of th
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 14, 1977
    Date of Patent: May 22, 1979
    Assignee: Gosudarstvenny Vsesojusny Nauchno-Issledovatelsky Institut Tsementnoi Promyshlennosti Niitsement
    Inventors: Vadim A. Kulabukhov, Valentin V. Sheludko, Nikolai I. Ferens, Boris I. Nudelman, Valery G. Volkov
  • Patent number: 4000613
    Abstract: A dual orifice injector assembly for use in a hybrid rocket motor having a oost and sustain mode and capable of controlling liquid flow rate for the two different modes of operation comprising an inlet manifold to distribute the fluid through a sustain injector and boost injector, actuating means for axially moving the sustain injector into a position to close off the boost injector for the sustain mode of operation and a flow deflector to cause the fluid to be dispersed in a fan like pattern at an angle 180.degree. to the axis of the manifold housing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 13, 1975
    Date of Patent: January 4, 1977
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Navy
    Inventors: Akiharu Fukumoto, Phil D. La Force
  • Patent number: 3998051
    Abstract: A sustainer-injector in which fuel core and oxidizer ring members have the lots thereof predeterminely aligned by being keyed together through an intermediate pintle member and with the oxidizer ring being adjustably mounted relative to the pintle and fuel slots. The keying is accomplished by means of machine tabs on the pintle member which engage female slots machined on the fuel core and oxidizer ring members. The oxidizer ring is adjustably mounted relative to the fuel core and pintle member by having means at one side thereof for causing the oxidizer ring to be positioned linearly relative to the pintle member and the fuel core member.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 2, 1975
    Date of Patent: December 21, 1976
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Army
    Inventor: Walter E. Ziegler
  • Patent number: 3950125
    Abstract: A burner for burning crude or contaminated oil comprises a body defining a bore open at both ends, at one of which the oil is burnt, air being drawn into the flame through the bore, and an annular oil inlet in the bore wall such that air flowing through the bore to the flame will draw oil from the inlet in atomised form, will mix with it and will carry it into the flame. The burner is surrounded by an annular water ring provided with nozzles for spraying water into the flame.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 23, 1974
    Date of Patent: April 13, 1976
    Assignee: Noralco Overseas, Inc.
    Inventor: John Drummond McGugan
  • Patent number: 3942724
    Abstract: A nozzle having a through passageway in which the flow of pressurized fluid induces the flow of secondary fluid therethrough with the passageway having a throat that is adjustable in cross-sectional extent to enable the nozzle to efficiently operate over a wide range of operating conditions. The throat extent may be automatically changed with a change in the operating condition within its range or as in one embodiment be easily set for one operating condition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 1, 1974
    Date of Patent: March 9, 1976
    Assignee: S.R.C. Laboratories, Inc.
    Inventor: Zenon R. Mocarski
  • Patent number: RE30993
    Abstract: A compression-type spray device employing a single nozzle can be used to spray materials varying widely in density, composition and particle size. The device incorporates an air-and-material mix control using variably exposed slots in the nozzle to regulate the flow of high-pressure air through the nozzle.[., and a.]..Iadd.. A .Iaddend.material supply control .[.using.]. .Iadd.having .Iaddend.variable restrictions .Iadd.may be provided .Iaddend.in the material supply tube inlet to regulate the flow of material to the nozzle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 30, 1981
    Date of Patent: July 13, 1982
    Assignee: Column Corporation
    Inventor: Leo A. Hopp