Normal To Entered Stream Patents (Class 239/431)
  • Patent number: 10654053
    Abstract: A foamed water discharging device includes a water feeding hole, a water discharging hole, a water passage, a ventilation passage, and a foamed water generator. The water passage has a cylindrical inner circumferential surface extending from the water feeding hole to the water discharging hole. The ventilation passage takes in external air on the upstream side of the water passage. The foamed water generator causes water containing the external air to undergo a collision on the downstream side of the water passage so as to convert the water into foamed water. The foamed water generator includes flow dividing ribs along the inner circumferential surface of the water passage, which protrude radially toward the center of the water passage. On a top portion of each flow dividing rib, at least a pair of inclined surfaces are formed to divide, rightward and leftward, water inflowing from a water guiding passage through the water feeding hole.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 24, 2018
    Date of Patent: May 19, 2020
    Assignee: Toshin Inc.
    Inventor: Koichi Otoguro
  • Patent number: 10451311
    Abstract: The gas heating device comprises: a heat exchange tube (20); a gas chamber (30) provided with a pressurized gas inlet (31) and with gas injection nozzles (40) turned and open to an inlet end (21) of the heat exchange tube (20). Each gas injection nozzle (40) has only one inlet (41) open to the gas chamber (30), and one outlet (42) with its axis (Y) lying on a vertical plane (P) containing the horizontal axis (X) of the heat exchange tube (20), each gas injection nozzle (40) being associated with a deflector (50) affixed to the gas inlet chamber (30) and having an inclined deflecting plate (52) sectioned by the axis (Y) of the outlet (42) of the respective gas injection nozzle (40), said deflector (50) of one gas injection nozzle (40) being disposed on a side of the vertical plane (P) opposite to the side on which is provided the deflector (50) of an adjacent gas injection nozzle (40), an outlet end (22) of the heat exchange tube (20) being partially blocked by a deflecting cover (60).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 3, 2016
    Date of Patent: October 22, 2019
    Inventor: Eduardo Kunioki Iwata
  • Patent number: 10330329
    Abstract: A high turndown furnace for an air handling system. In one example, the furnace includes a plurality of tubes divisible by four with a first modulating valve supplying gas to ¼ of the tubes and a second modulating valve supplying gas to ¾ of the tubes. In one aspect, the furnace is capable of providing a 16:1 turndown. In one aspect, the furnace is capable of providing seamless turndown operation throughout the entire firing range.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 31, 2016
    Date of Patent: June 25, 2019
    Assignee: Greenheck Fan Corporation
    Inventors: Eric Baker, Brandon Krautkramer
  • Patent number: 10251336
    Abstract: The drip irrigation system allows for the irrigation of soil with carbon dioxide-infused water. The drip irrigation system includes a pipe having first and second inlets. The first inlet is adapted for receiving pressurized carbon dioxide gas, and the second inlet is adapted for receiving water under pressure. A plurality of drip nozzles are mounted to the pipe, such that each drip nozzle is in fluid communication with an interior of the pipe. An inner tube is mounted in the interior of the pipe and is in fluid communication with the first inlet for receiving the pressurized carbon dioxide gas. The pressurized carbon dioxide is expelled through a plurality of ports of the inner tube to mix with the water flowing within the interior of the pipe. This mixture forms water infused with carbon dioxide, which is then released, in the forms of drops, by the plurality of drip nozzles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 2, 2018
    Date of Patent: April 9, 2019
    Assignee: United Arab Emirates University
    Inventors: Taoufik Ksiksi, Shaijal Babu Thru Ppoyil, Abdulla Yousif Abdulla M. Almarzooqi, Soltan Abdollah Barahim
  • Patent number: 9970356
    Abstract: An atomizer of the invention includes a mixing chamber, spray fluid flow passages supplying a spray fluid to the mixing chamber, a spray medium flow passage supplying a spray medium to the mixing chamber, outlet holes spraying a fluid mixture of the spray fluid and the spray medium, and fluid mixture flow passages connecting the mixing chamber and the outlet holes to each other. The fluid mixture flowing through each of the fluid mixture flow passages joins with each other at a joining section and is sprayed from the outlet hole. The mixing chamber includes a middle ejection hole spraying the spray fluid to the mixing chamber. The middle ejection hole is arranged at a joining section of the spray fluid flow passages. The spray fluid flowing through the spray fluid flow passages joins with each other at the joining section and is sprayed from the middle ejection hole.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 11, 2015
    Date of Patent: May 15, 2018
    Assignee: Mitsubishi Hitachi Power Systems, Ltd.
    Inventors: Hirofumi Okazaki, Akihito Orii
  • Patent number: 9950407
    Abstract: The purpose of the present invention is to provide a very practical nozzle body.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 19, 2015
    Date of Patent: April 24, 2018
    Assignee: MACOHO CO. LTD.
    Inventor: Sachito Matsubara
  • Patent number: 9920266
    Abstract: The present invention relates to an apparatus and method for mixing and atomizing a hydrocarbon stream using a diluent/dispersion stream.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 19, 2016
    Date of Patent: March 20, 2018
    Inventors: Shoeb Hussain Khan, Bidyut De, Satheesh Vetterkunnel Kumaran, Manoj Kumar Yadav, Debasis Bhattacharyya, Brijesh Kumar
  • Patent number: 9901691
    Abstract: Systems and methods for synchronizing machine-induced expiratory airflow of a subject with user-induced expiratory airflow include an indicator time at which a user should initiate treatment to aid airway clearance of the subject. Such treatment may include compressing the stomach area of the subject. At the indicator time, a user responds to an indication, e.g. an audible sound, by initiating treatment in accordance with a therapeutic regimen.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 1, 2011
    Date of Patent: February 27, 2018
    Inventors: William Gaussa, Maarten Leonardus Christian Brand, Peter Hill
  • Patent number: 9834844
    Abstract: A nozzle for a thermal spray gun and a method of thermal spraying are disclosed. The nozzle has a combustion chamber within which fuel is burned to produce a stream of combustion gases. The streams of heated gases exit through a pair of linear exhausts which are located on either side of an aerospike. The streams converge outside the nozzle and powdered coating material is introduced into the converging streams immediately downstream of the aerospike. The coating material is heated and accelerated before impacting on a substrate to be coated.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 23, 2010
    Date of Patent: December 5, 2017
    Inventors: Bryan Allcock, Sai Gu, Spyros Kamnis
  • Patent number: 9458764
    Abstract: An air-to-air cooler has a heat exchanger integrated to a housing. A first passage extends through the housing for directing a flow of cooling air through the heat exchanger. A second passage extends through the housing for directing a flow of hot air to be cooled through the heat exchanger. The first passage has a cooling air outlet tube disposed downstream of the heat exchanger. The cooling air outlet tube extends across the second passage between the heat exchanger and a hot air inlet of the second passage. The hot air inlet is disposed to cause incoming hot air to flow over the cooling air outlet tube upstream of the heat exchanger. An ejector drives the flow of cooling air through the first passage of the air-to-air cooler. A portion of the hot air flow may be used to drive the ejector.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 26, 2012
    Date of Patent: October 4, 2016
    Inventors: Daniel Alecu, Richard Kostka
  • Patent number: 9180988
    Abstract: An apparatus for use in the formation and filling of a pouched product.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 28, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 10, 2015
    Inventors: Steve Rinehart, Marc D. Belcastro, Dwight D. Williams
  • Patent number: 9027855
    Abstract: A safe portable sprayer comprising a reservoir for storing clean water that can be carried on the back or attached the shoulders, including a large nozzle on the upper face thereof, a small nozzle with a water pump adapted thereto, and a small neck that is provided with a cap. The cap is screwed on the nozzle, and includes a recipient that fits into the nozzle. The cap is provided with vertical holes that pass through a channel. The holes are provided with inner threads for receiving corresponding valves having lower tapered ends. Inside the recipient, flexible containers of chemicals are attached to the holes; the containers are kept immersed and compressed by water inside the recipient from the pump, such that the pressure generated by the water impels the water and chemical toward the channel of the cap, and to the spraying gun through the pipe.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 24, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 12, 2015
    Inventor: Takashi Nishimura
  • Patent number: 9010663
    Abstract: Apparatus for generating a mist comprising a conduit having a mixing chamber and an exit; a transport nozzle in fluid communication with the said conduit, the transport nozzle being adapted to introduce a transport fluid into the mixing chamber; a working nozzle positioned adjacent the transport nozzle intermediate the transport nozzle and the exit, the working nozzle being adapted to introduce a working fluid into the mixing chamber; the transport and working nozzles having an angular orientation and internal geometry such that in use interaction of the transport fluid and working fluid in the mixing chamber causes the working fluid to atomize and form a dispersed vapor/droplet flow regime, which is discharged as a mist from the exit, the mist comprising working fluid droplets having a substantially uniform size.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 25, 2005
    Date of Patent: April 21, 2015
    Assignee: Tyco Fire & Security GmbH
    Inventors: Marcus Brian Mayhall Fenton, John Gervase Mark Heathcote, Alexander Guy Wallis
  • Patent number: 9004375
    Abstract: The present invention relates to apparatus and method for generating a mist comprising a conduit having a mixing chamber and an exit; a working fluid inlet in fluid communication with said conduit; a transport nozzle in fluid communication with the said conduit, the transport nozzle adapted to introduce a transport fluid into the mixing chamber; the transport nozzle having an angular orientation and internal geometry such that in use the transport fluid interacts with the working fluid introduced into the mixing chamber through the working fluid inlet to atomize and form a dispersed vapor/droplet flow regime, which is discharged as a mist comprising working fluid droplets, a substantial portion of the droplets having a size less than 20 ?m.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 25, 2005
    Date of Patent: April 14, 2015
    Assignee: Tyco Fire & Security GmbH
    Inventors: Marcus Brian Mayhall Fenton, John Gervase Mark Heathcote, Alexander Guy Wallis
  • Patent number: 8794545
    Abstract: A fuel injector includes a fuel delivery tube; a plurality of pre-mixing tubes, each pre-mixing tube comprising at least one fuel injection hole; an upstream tube support plate that supports upstream ends of the plurality of pre-mixing tubes; a downstream tube support plate that supports downstream ends of the plurality of pre-mixing tubes; an outer wall connecting the upstream tube support plate and the downstream tube support plate and defining a plenum therewith; and a baffle provided in the plenum. The baffle includes a radial portion. A fuel delivered in the upstream direction by the fuel delivery tube is directed radially outwardly in the plenum between the radial portion of the baffle and the downstream tube support plate, then in the downstream direction around an outer edge portion of the radial portion, and then radially inwardly between the radial portion and the upstream tube support plate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 25, 2009
    Date of Patent: August 5, 2014
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Thomas Edward Johnson, Benjamin Lacy, Christian Stevenson
  • Patent number: 8789769
    Abstract: Apparati for generating a mist are disclosed. One apparatus is disclosed, which has an elongate hollow body (12) and an elongate member (14) located within the body (12). A transport fluid passage (16) and a nozzle (32) are defined between the body (12) and the elongate member (14). The transport fluid passage (16) has a throat portion of reduced cross-sectional area and is in fluid communication with the nozzle (32). The elongate member (14) includes a working fluid passage (26) and one or more communicating openings, such as for example, bores, annuli, and combinations thereof, (30) extending radially outward from the working fluid passage (26). The openings (30) permit a working fluid (e.g. water) to be passed into the transport fluid passage (16), whereupon the working fluid is subjected to shear forces by a high velocity transport fluid (e.g. steam). The shearing of the working fluid results in the generation of a mist formed from droplets of substantially uniform size.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 13, 2009
    Date of Patent: July 29, 2014
    Assignee: Tyco Fire & Security GmbH
    Inventors: Marcus Brian Mayhall Fenton, Alexander Guy Wallis
  • Patent number: 8776510
    Abstract: A mounting unit (2) for fastening an injection member to an exhaust gas tract has a retaining region (12) for receiving the injection member, and an edge region (28). At least one opening (30) for receiving a fastening element is provided in the edge region (28). The mounting unit (2) is designed in such a manner that there is an air gap (13) between the fastening element and the retaining region (12) when the mounting unit (2) is fastened to the exhaust gas tract by the fastening element.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 2, 2010
    Date of Patent: July 15, 2014
    Assignee: Robert Bosch GmbH
    Inventors: Stefan Stein, Arnad Beganovic, Ralf Gragen, Jens Benitsch
  • Patent number: 8561972
    Abstract: Certain embodiments of the present technology present a low pressure gas transfer device for transferring gas into a liquid stream. The gas transfer device has a primary pipe branch with a gas injector, and a secondary pipe branch intersecting the primary pipe branch. A liquid stream passing through the secondary pipe branch mixes with the liquid stream passing through the primary pipe branch. The primary outlet port delivers a dispersion stream that is a mixture of gas-injected liquid passing through the primary pipe branch and the secondary liquid stream passing through the secondary pipe branch.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 30, 2010
    Date of Patent: October 22, 2013
    Assignee: KLA Systems, Inc.
    Inventor: Mark Neville
  • Patent number: 8528835
    Abstract: A plasma spray nozzle is provided. Owing to their high degree of wear, previous plasma spray nozzles were not suitable for the coating of components for which long coating times were necessary. The coating times may be reduced considerably by the triple injection of powder into the inner channel through the plasma spray nozzle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 3, 2010
    Date of Patent: September 10, 2013
    Assignee: Siemens Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Mario Felkel, Heiko Gruner, Francis-Jurjen Ladru
  • Patent number: 8157189
    Abstract: A fuel injection nozzle comprises a body member having an upstream wall opposing a downstream wall, a baffle member having an upstream surface and a downstream surface, a first chamber, a second chamber, a fuel inlet communicative with the first chamber operative to emit a first gas into the first chamber, and a plurality of mixing tubes, each of the mixing tubes having a tube inner surface, a tube outer surface, a first inlet communicative with an aperture in the upstream wall operative to receive a second gas, a second inlet communicative with the tube outer surface and the tube inner surface operative to translate the first gas into the mixing tube, a mixing portion operative to mix the first gas and the second gas, and an outlet communicative with an aperture in the downstream wall operative to emit the mixed first and second gasses.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 3, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 17, 2012
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Thomas Edward Johnson, Christian Xavier Stevenson, William David York, Willy Steve Ziminsky
  • Patent number: 8033112
    Abstract: A swirler for premixing a flow of fuel and a flow of air provided to a burner for a gas turbine engine is provided. The burner is provided with a swirler for mixing the air and the fuel and wherein the swirler is provided with swirler wings, wherein a channel formed between two adjacent swirler wings defines a passage. The swirler includes one fuel tube for gaseous fuel positioned in parallel on each side of a mixing rod in the passage, wherein the fuel tubes are provided with a plurality of diffuser holes distributed along the tube acting as gas injectors for efficiently distributing fuel in a flow of air passing through the swirler passage.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 26, 2009
    Date of Patent: October 11, 2011
    Assignee: Siemens Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Vladimir Milosavljevic, Allan Persson, Magnus Persson
  • Patent number: 7959093
    Abstract: A nozzle is provided for use during a process for cold-dynamic gas spraying a powder material onto a bore surface. In one embodiment, and by way of example only, the nozzle includes a tube and a coating. The tube is configured to direct the powder material to the bore surface and has an inner surface, an axial section, a radial section, and a bend. At least a portion of the inner surface of the axial section defines a converging/diverging flowpath, and the axial section and the radial section are disposed at a predetermined angle relative to one another and include the bend disposed therebetween. The coating is disposed on at least a portion of the tube inner surface and comprises a material to which the powder material does not adhere.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 7, 2006
    Date of Patent: June 14, 2011
    Assignee: Honeywell International Inc.
    Inventor: David A. Payne
  • Patent number: 7506823
    Abstract: In a washing nozzle for use on vehicles for applying a liquid cleaning or washing medium, means are provided for acting within the nozzle on a main jet generated in the nozzle with a collision jet in order thus to modify the nozzle jet which emerges.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 15, 2003
    Date of Patent: March 24, 2009
    Assignee: Valeo Systemes d'Essuyage
    Inventors: Simone Eisele, Uwe Lasebnick
  • Patent number: 7252243
    Abstract: Method and apparatus for uniformly injecting a fluid stream into a gas stream at elevated temperature by means of an injection nozzle comprising a nozzle head and a supply inner tube being concentrically surrounded with an outer casing tube spaced apart from the inner supply tube. It comprises passing the fluid stream through the inner tube and the nozzle head and maintaining temperature of the fluid stream in the inner tube by providing thermal insulation in at least part of an annular space between the inner tube and the outer tube. Further it comprises maintaining a constant flow of the fluid inside the inner tube and nozzle head by plugging the nozzle head at outlet end and spraying the fluid stream through a number of nozzle holes provided in the nozzle head adjacent to the outlet end of the nozzle head.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 3, 2005
    Date of Patent: August 7, 2007
    Assignee: Haldor Topsoe A/S
    Inventors: Ingvard Bjørn, Pär Gabrielsson
  • Patent number: 7185736
    Abstract: The noise abatement device and method described herein makes known an apparatus and method for reducing the aerodynamic resistance presented by a fluid pressure reduction device in a large duct. More specifically, a noise abatement device is disclosed having at least one sparger with an aerodynamic profile that significantly reduces the fluid resistance within a turbine exhaust duct of an air-cooled condensing system that may be used in a power plant.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 25, 2003
    Date of Patent: March 6, 2007
    Assignee: Fisher Controls International LLC.
    Inventor: Michael W. McCarty
  • Patent number: 7055324
    Abstract: A noise abatement device and method to direct flow in a predetermined manner to substantially reduce the aerodynamic noise and structural vibrations produced by steam entering an air-cooled condenser in a power generating system. The interactive flow between the spargers that produces the aerodynamic noise and structural vibrations is largely eliminated by prohibiting fluid flow through selected flow regions within the spargers. The spargers include a stack of disks with fluid passageways. The fluid passageways are interrupted with continuous and undivided regions of the sparger to direct radial flow away from adjacent spargers, substantially eliminating the interactive flow.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 12, 2003
    Date of Patent: June 6, 2006
    Assignee: Fisher Controls International LLC
    Inventors: Charles Lawrence DePenning, Frederick Wayne Catron, Allen Carl Fagerlund, Michael Wildie McCarty
  • Patent number: 7036753
    Abstract: A nozzle for atomizing and spraying liquid is provided. The nozzle includes a longitudinal liquid flow passageway that terminates in a liquid orifice for directing a stream of liquid along a predetermined axis. A plurality of intersecting, transverse passageways extend perpendicular to and intersect the predetermined axis. Each of the transverse passageways terminates at either end in an outlet. The transverse passageways define a first impingement surface downstream of the liquid orifice for breaking up a stream of liquid impinging thereon into a laterally spreading dispersion which disperses through the transverse passageways. An air annulus is arranged in surrounding relation to the outlets of the transverse passageways and oriented to discharge air in a downstream direction so as to strike the fluid dispersed through the outlets of the transverse passageways. An expansion chamber is arranged downstream of the transverse passageways and air annulus.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 29, 2003
    Date of Patent: May 2, 2006
    Assignee: Spraying Systems Co.
    Inventor: David C. Huffman
  • Patent number: 6840463
    Abstract: A quick color change system for powder coating spray systems includes a powder pump having a powder inlet and a powder outlet, and a powder flow path extending straight from the powder inlet to the powder outlet on a single longitudinal axis, a pump frame on which the powder pump is mounted, and a carriage on which the pump frame is mounted, wherein the pump frame may be moved linearly along the carriage. The pump may be used with separate flow air and atomizing air inlets.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 17, 2002
    Date of Patent: January 11, 2005
    Assignee: Nordson Corporation
    Inventor: Erich W. Selic
  • Patent number: 6808091
    Abstract: A dispensing nozzle includes an outer housing defining an interior and a nozzle outlet. A mixing nozzle insert is positioned within the nozzle housing. The insert has a central elongate core that includes a top end that is positioned adjacent inlets for water and juice concentrate, and a bottom end opposite there from adjacent the outlet of the nozzle. The insert includes a concentrate disk on its top end having a perimeter edge positioned closely adjacent an interior surface of the nozzle housing. This disk includes one or more flow holes extending there through. The insert also includes, below the concentrate disk, a plurality of mixing projections having alternating extensions integral with the central core and extending outward there from along the length thereof. The insert and the nozzle housing are designed so that the syrup concentrate is introduced above the concentrate disk and the water is introduced at a level just below the concentrate disk.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 16, 2003
    Date of Patent: October 26, 2004
    Inventor: David K. Njaastad
  • Patent number: 6733278
    Abstract: As with most burners and combustors, they utilize fuel and air mixtures. One of the important aspects of burning an air-fuel mixture is that of mixing. Ideally, the fuel should be uniformly distributed throughout the air when ignited. This results in the most complete burn, maximizing beat generation while minimizing unburned and incomplete-combustion products. This disclosure describes an apparatus for enhancing mixing of fuel and air. Combustion air is given a prerotation by passing it through a set of fins before the fuel is injected into the air. Then the mixture is passed through another set of fins, rotating the mixture in a direction opposite that which the air experienced, first.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 22, 2002
    Date of Patent: May 11, 2004
    Inventor: David P. Welden
  • Patent number: 6584774
    Abstract: A high frequency pulsed fuel injector is disclosed. The fuel injector incorporates a resonance tube in outlet fluid communication with a fuel nozzle. During operation the resonance tube provides a pulsating output which is directed into the fuel nozzle. The pulsating output of the resonance tube perturbs the flow of fuel in the fuel nozzle, effectively breaking it up into discrete slugs or chunks for subsequent combustion in a combustion chamber. The combustion process is greatly enhanced by this breakup of the fuel jet, improving combustion efficiency as well as reducing undesirable emissions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 5, 2001
    Date of Patent: July 1, 2003
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Air Force
    Inventor: Michael J. Stanek
  • Publication number: 20030102251
    Abstract: A cavitation enhanced atomizing process comprises forming a flowing solution of the liquid to be atomized and a lower boiling cavitating liquid. This flowing solution is then contacted with a pressure reducing means, at a temperature below the bubble point of the cavitating liquid in the solution, to produce cavitation bubbles. These bubbles comprise cavitation liquid vapor and the bubble nucleation produces a two-phase fluid of the bubbles and liquid solution. The two-phase fluid is passed downstream into and through an atomizing means, such as an orifice, and into a lower pressure atomizing zone, in which the bubbles vaporize to form a spray of liquid droplets. The nucleated bubbles also grow in size as the so-formed two-phase fluid passes downstream to and through the atomizing means.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 17, 2002
    Publication date: June 5, 2003
    Inventors: Dean C. Draemel, Nicholas C. Nahas, Teh C. Ho
  • Patent number: 6508412
    Abstract: A nucleation device associated with a spray head and operating by either internal mixing or external mixing. The ratio air/water is not less than 200 and the pressurized water is supplied by the spray head nozzles, which, by simple circulation of water, at the nucleation device, prevents freezing problems. The nucleation device includes a part in the shape of a spray tip for high speed spraying of compressed air and parts in the shape small diameter nozzles for spraying pressurized water into the air stream.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 23, 2000
    Date of Patent: January 21, 2003
    Assignee: York Neige
    Inventors: Bernard Pergay, Patrick Charriau, Michel Galvin
  • Patent number: 6299804
    Abstract: The present invention relates to an apparatus and a method of cooling molded preforms. The apparatus and method make advantageous use of air amplifiers to create a flow of cooling air over the molded preforms. In a first embodiment of the present invention, the air amplifiers are mounted to a part removal and cooling robot. In a second embodiment of the present invention, a plurality of air amplifier stations are positioned about an index block to cool the molded preforms. In a third embodiment of the present invention, a vacuuming system is provided to improve the adherence of the air flow created by the air amplifiers to the exterior surfaces of the molded preforms. In a fourth embodiment of the present invention, the air amplifiers are mounted to a movable plate and each amplifier has an internal bore sized to receive a molded preform to be cooled.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 16, 1999
    Date of Patent: October 9, 2001
    Assignee: Husky Injection Molding Systems Ltd.
    Inventors: Robert Domodossola, Steve Saggese, Dan Stefan Vlaicu, Tiemo D. Brand
  • Patent number: 6179997
    Abstract: A novel apparatus and process, including a perforated-pipe sparger, for atomizing a liquid stream is disclosed. This novel apparatus and process can be utilized in a fluidized catalytic cracking process or in a coking process for atomizing an oil stream prior to contact with a fluidized catalyst.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 21, 1999
    Date of Patent: January 30, 2001
    Assignee: Phillips Petroleum Company
    Inventors: William J. Vedder, Jr., Jan W. Wells
  • Patent number: 6119954
    Abstract: A burner utilizing a low pressure fan for atomizing fuel and supplying air for combustion. The burner includes an air-tube, an air-atomizing nozzle disposed in the air-tube, a conduit for supplying fuel to the nozzle, and a fan for supplying air to the air-tube. A back plate, a retention plate, and a side ring meter primary air to the nozzle and provide a chamber through which secondary air passes around the nozzle. The side ring is provided with a plurality of apertures for directing secondary air inwardly into a chamber desirably normal to the direction from which the secondary air is discharged therefrom. Also disclosed is a novel three-piece air-atomizing nozzle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 16, 1999
    Date of Patent: September 19, 2000
    Inventor: Bola Kamath
  • Patent number: 6102687
    Abstract: The invention relates to clean burning of fuel oil with air. More specifically, to a fuel burning combustion head using a low-pressure, high air flow atomizing nozzle so that there will be a complete combustion oil resulting in a minimum emission of pollutants. The inventors have devised a fuel burner that uses a low pressure air atomizing nozzle. The improved fuel burner does not result in the use of additional compressors or the introduction of pressurized gases downstream, nor does it require a complex design.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 28, 1998
    Date of Patent: August 15, 2000
    Assignee: U.S. Department of Energy
    Inventors: Thomas A. Butcher, Yusuf Celebi, Leonard Fisher
  • Patent number: 6101957
    Abstract: An apparatus for the disposal of solid rocket motors which produce exhaust ases containing flammable and/or explosive products. The solid rocket motor to be burned is first detachably connected to and inserted in one end of an elongated mixing chamber which has, at an opposite end, a multi-step expansion nozzle. The rocket motor is then ignited and the exhaust gas is passed into the mixing chamber, which is sufficiently large to reduce the velocity of exhaust gases from supersonic to subsonic. Air is injected into the mixing chamber to react with flammable and/or explosive products in the exhaust gases and the resultant mixture is then discharged from the mixing chamber through a multi-step expansion nozzle to expand the gaseous mixture and, at the same time, produce substantial turbulence within the gas mixture which is about six times higher than the turbulence levels produced by a constant area circular nozzle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 11, 1999
    Date of Patent: August 15, 2000
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Navy
    Inventors: Kenneth J. Wilson, Eric D. Erickson, Klaus C. Schadow
  • Patent number: 6030353
    Abstract: A multi-function pneumatic chest compression apparatus provides various functions useful in both clinical and treatment environments, including mucous mobilization, breathing assistance, exhaled gas composition, and others. An air flow generator produces preselected air flows depending on the function(s) selected. These air flows are delivered to a bladder positioned about the patient. A controller receives feedback from the bladder and manipulates a valve controlling the flow of air into the air flow generator based on the feedback and preselected operating parameters.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 28, 1998
    Date of Patent: February 29, 2000
    Assignee: American Biosystems, Inc.
    Inventor: Nicholas P. Van Brunt
  • Patent number: 5899387
    Abstract: An improved air-assisted spray nozzle assembly includes a section for receiving liquid and gas streams and a spray tip located downstream therefrom. The spray tip has a downstream chamber for receiving the liquid and gas with passages, each terminating with a cavity. The cavity cooperates with complementary notched portions for directing discharging flow streams in a predetermined direction for defining a well defined conical or flat spray pattern.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 19, 1997
    Date of Patent: May 4, 1999
    Assignee: Spraying Systems Co.
    Inventor: James Haruch
  • Patent number: 5863192
    Abstract: An object of the present invention is to achieve lower NOx combustion in response to the increasingly intensified NOx regulations for burners. The present invention provides a low nitrogen oxides generating combustion method and apparatus which utilizes effective self-induced exhaust gas recirculation before the initiation of the combustion of diffusion flames, or allows part of the combustion gas to be entrained by auxiliary fuel flow, air flow and fuel flow before the formation of the diffusion flames to further intensify the recirculation flow of the combustion gas by the diffusion flames or, in addition, which can achieve rich and lean combustion in the diffusion flames for decreasing the generation of NOx by a combination of these measures, and which are excellent in flame stability even in a low temperature atmosphere.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 16, 1996
    Date of Patent: January 26, 1999
    Assignee: Tokyo Gas Company, Ltd.
    Inventor: Toru Motegi
  • Patent number: 5829682
    Abstract: An air-assisted spray nozzle assembly including a pre-atomizing section and a spray tip located downstream of said pre-atomizing section. The spray tip has an upstream chamber for receiving pre-atomized liquid from the pre-atomizing section, a downstream chamber separated from the upstream chamber by an end wall, and the end wall is formed with a plurality of discharge passages adjacent its outer perimeter for directing a plurality of discharging flow streams in part in an outward axial direction and in part in a direction toward each other for defining a well defined conical or flat spray pattern.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 26, 1996
    Date of Patent: November 3, 1998
    Assignee: Spraying Systems Co.
    Inventor: James Haruch
  • Patent number: 5765366
    Abstract: The object of the invention is to create a simple and compact fuel feed for a gas turbine having an annular combustion chamber. In addition, the operational reliability of the gas turbine is to be improved.According to the invention, this is achieved when only one central main-gas feed line (15) and one central pilot-gas feed line (16) are connected to the annular combustion chamber (1). A main-gas ring line (13) and a pilot-gas ring line (14) are formed in the interior of the gas-turbine casing (5) or a burner hood (3) known per se. These ring lines (13, 14) are connected upstream to the main-gas feed line (15) and the pilot-gas feed line (16) respectively and downstream to the annular combustion chamber (1). (FIG.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 1, 1996
    Date of Patent: June 16, 1998
    Assignee: Asea Brown Boveri AG
    Inventors: Alexander Beeck, Klaus Guthier, Marcel Konig, Peter Senior
  • Patent number: 5738281
    Abstract: Use of a shrouding gas to combine with and protect a turbulent gas jet issuing from an orifice enables control of a gas jet stream composition downstream from the orifice. The natural aspiration rate of the gas jet is used to determine the flowrate of shrouding gas which is introduced around the gas jet in a soft gas cushion which does not disrupt the flow pattern of the gas jet but instead is entrained into the jet stream to the exclusion of ambient gases in the atmosphere. Preferably shrouding gas is replaced at least at the rate at which it is entrained. Apparatus for this process uses a porous shroud, preferably of metal foam, through which shrouding gas flows evenly around the gas jet as it issues from a nozzle orifice. Provision for tangential entry of shrouding gas into a manifold which feeds the porous shroud prevents the shrouding gas from impinging upon the porous shroud and causing uneven flow around the gas jet.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 8, 1997
    Date of Patent: April 14, 1998
    Assignee: Air Products and Chemicals, Inc.
    Inventors: Zbigniew Zurecki, John Joseph Kaiser, John Lewis Green
  • Patent number: 5681162
    Abstract: A low pressure atomizer is used for the atomization of liquids, such as atomization of fuels found in industrial burners. An atomizer body has an atomizing chamber therein and an annular liquid conduit having an annular diffusion member therein. The diffusion member is shaped to direct liquid passing thereby and into the atomizing chamber and forces the liquid to enter the chamber adjacent the walls thereof. The atomizer body has a first annular gas conduit and a tangential gas port connected between the annular gas conduit and the liquid conduit so that the gas impinges tangentially against the liquid to shear and rotate the liquid entering the atomization chamber. A second annular gas conduit has an angled open into the atomizing chamber to further shear the liquid and gas mixture in the atomizer chamber so that a low pressure atomizer atomizes a liquid with low pressure gas streams.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 23, 1996
    Date of Patent: October 28, 1997
    Inventors: James K. Nabors, Jr., William C. Andrews
  • Patent number: 5680992
    Abstract: A fuel injection valve has an attachment with a two-part design including a main body and an insert. With the attachment, the functions of supplying and metering gas are optimized independently of the functions of sealing off the fuel injection valve with respect to an intake conduit and of securing the attachment onto the fuel injection valve. In addition, the fuel injection valve and attachment provide a modular system which allows a large number of possible variations which can be achieved by simple and inexpensive component changes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 8, 1995
    Date of Patent: October 28, 1997
    Assignee: Robert Bosch GmbH
    Inventors: Uwe Grytz, Stefan Lauter
  • Patent number: 5654040
    Abstract: Methods and apparatus for spraying a liquid or hot melt material involve placing the material in a plurality of parallel grooves arranged across the entire width of a movable member and then causing a compressed gas to impinge upon the material in the grooves, thereby to spray the material from the grooves toward a substrate, as by extending, fiberizing or atomizing the material, or by mixing a gas with the material. For some materials of relatively high viscosity, a scraper is used to scrape the material from the grooves, and the compressed gas impinges the material while it is on the scraper, thereby to cause spraying. This provides a wide band deposition of a liquid or hot melt material with uniform material distribution across the entire width, along with improved ability to quantify the amount of material deposited on the substrate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 16, 1996
    Date of Patent: August 5, 1997
    Assignee: Nordson Corporation
    Inventor: Masafumi Matsunaga
  • Patent number: 5647215
    Abstract: A combustor for a gas turbine having primary and secondary combustion zones. The combustor has primary gas fuel spray pegs for supplying a lean mixture of gaseous fuel to the primary combustion zone via a first annular pre-mixing passage and secondary fuel spray bars for supplying a lean mixture of fuel to the secondary combustion zone via a second annular pre-mixing passage. The fuel spray bars are aerodynamically shaped and a row of fuel discharge ports are formed on opposing sides of the spray bar. A pair of mixing fins project outwardly from the spray bar sides. The fins create turbulence in the air flow that ensures adequate mixing of the fuel and air. The fins have sufficient height and are displaced sufficiently far from the fuel discharge ports so that although the turbulence has not dissipated by the time the air flow reaches the fuel discharge ports, the zone of recirculation located downstream from the fins does not extend to the fuel discharge ports.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 7, 1995
    Date of Patent: July 15, 1997
    Assignee: Westinghouse Electric Corporation
    Inventors: Mehran Sharifi, Mitchell O. Stokes, David T. Foss
  • Patent number: 5641124
    Abstract: A nozzle (12a, 12b, 12c) for atomizing a liquid, optionally containing suspended dry matter, through use of compressed gas, comprises, an inlet (32b) for liquid, an inlet (31b) for compressed gas, and an outlet (41) for gas mixed with finely divided liquid, as well as an intermediate mixing space (51). The inlet (31b) for compressed gas is adapted to give the gas a substantially rectilinear path through the mixing space (51). The inlet (32b) for the liquid is separated from the mixing space (51) by a partition (32) having a plurality of first holes (38) for introducing the liquid into the mixing space (51) in a direction substantially perpendicular to the main flow direction of the gas in the mixing space (51). The mixing space (51) is defined downstream by a wall (35) having a plurality of second holes (39). An inlet device (11a, 11b, 11c) comprising the inlet (31b) for compressed gas and the inlet (32b) for liquid consists of two concentric tubes (31, 32).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 30, 1995
    Date of Patent: June 24, 1997
    Assignee: ABB Flakt AB
    Inventor: Nils Bringfors
  • Patent number: 5611684
    Abstract: A mixing unit for mixing gaseous fuel and combustion air includes a fuel supply chamber adapted to receive a supply of fuel, an air supply chamber adapted to receive a supply of combustion air, and a manifold separating the air supply chamber and a transfer conduit which is adapted to deliver the fuel-air mixture to a burner. The manifold is formed with air ports establishing communication between the air supply chamber and the transfer conduit such that multiple streams of combustion air flow through the manifold and into the transfer conduit. The manifold is further formed with fuel supply cavities which communicate with the fuel supply chamber and which alternate with the air ports in the manifold. Multiple fuel ports connect each air port with the adjacent cavities such that multiple sets of oppositely directed jets of fuel mix with the combustion air as the combustion air flows through the manifold.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 10, 1995
    Date of Patent: March 18, 1997
    Assignee: Eclipse, Inc.
    Inventor: Lyle S. Spielman