Streams Meet At Right Angles Patents (Class 239/434)
  • Patent number: 10429366
    Abstract: A system for detection of non-volatile solutes dissolved in solution comprises: a spray emitter system configured to receive a flow of the solution and generate an aerosol comprising droplets thereof, the generated droplets comprising a restricted size range; a spray chamber configured to receive the aerosol and emit a modified aerosol comprising droplets having a diameter smaller than a predetermined value; a conduit configured to receive a flow of the modified aerosol and to evaporate the solvent so as to generate an aerosol comprising solid particles of the solutes; a charging chamber configured to receive the aerosol and impart electric charge to the solid particles; and a detector configured to measure a quantity of charge imparted to the solid particles, wherein the restricted size range is such that solid particles having diameters greater than 10 nm comprise a substantial portion of all particles received by the charging chamber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 22, 2016
    Date of Patent: October 1, 2019
    Assignee: Dionex Corporation
    Inventor: Paul H. Gamache
  • Patent number: 10262876
    Abstract: A substrate holding unit which holds the substrate, a nozzle which includes a first cylindrical member within which a first flow path along which the first fluid is passed is formed and in which a tip end edge of the first cylindrical member defines, between the tip end edge and a main surface of the substrate, an annular first discharge port that discharges the fluid flowing through the first flow path along the main surface of the substrate radially and a first fluid supply unit which is a fluid supply unit supplying the first fluid to the first flow path of the nozzle and which applies, to the nozzle, a force in a direction apart from the main surface of the substrate, by the discharge of the first fluid from the first discharge port.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 9, 2016
    Date of Patent: April 16, 2019
    Assignee: SCREEN Holdings Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Hiroaki Takahashi, Yuto Kubo
  • Patent number: 10234174
    Abstract: In a flameless thermal oxidizer including a vessel configured to contain a matrix bed of media, and a vent gas stream conduit and an oxidizing agent conduit each extending into an interior of the vessel at least partially within the matrix bed of media, a method of delivering a vent gas stream and oxidizing agents into the vessel includes the steps of distributing the vent gas stream through the vent gas stream conduit; distributing the oxidizing agents through a mixing conduit; and combining the vent gas stream and the oxidizing agents in the mixing conduit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 9, 2018
    Date of Patent: March 19, 2019
    Assignee: LINDE ENGINEERING NORTH AMERICA INC.
    Inventors: Gene H. Irrgang, Peter Falcone
  • Patent number: 10060620
    Abstract: A burner is described that includes a main longitudinal pipe into which there flows primary transport air loaded with solid particles of a pulverulent fuel, a longitudinal tube arranged inside and concentric to the main pipe, the longitudinal tube extending to the vicinity of a primary transport air outlet end of the main pipe and producing an outer longitudinal passage disposed around and concentric to an inner longitudinal passage, and means for distributing the different concentrations of solid particles in the primary transport air, in the outer longitudinal passage and in the inner longitudinal passage.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 28, 2013
    Date of Patent: August 28, 2018
    Assignee: FIVES PILLARD
    Inventors: Louis Ricci, Gaël Le Piver
  • Patent number: 9974709
    Abstract: A nozzle can produce bubbles from a liquid saturated with gas desirable in bathing. The nozzle can have a housing forming a first chamber for receiving a liquid. The nozzle can have an intermediate chamber located between the outlet of the first chamber and the inlet of the outflow passage. The nozzle can have a generally cylindrical structure enclosing the outflow passage and having a central longitudinal axis extending into the outlet of the first chamber. The intermediate chamber can have a first wall generally perpendicular to said axis and surrounding the outlet from the first chamber and second wall spaced from said first wall and generally parallel thereto and surrounding the inlet to the outflow passage.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 17, 2015
    Date of Patent: May 22, 2018
    Assignee: NuWhirl Systems Corporation
    Inventor: James Edward Brett
  • Patent number: 9636702
    Abstract: An improved system for application of liquid streams to a substrate. The system incorporates open face flow channels for carrying the liquid away from fully enclosed flow segments prior to discharge along an unconstrained flow path. The present invention further provides an improved, self-aligning modular assembly for delivery of impingement jet to the liquid streams for diverting the direction of the liquid streams. The present invention further provides an improved arrangement for collection of the deflected liquid in response to application of the impingement jet without excess residue build-up.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 13, 2016
    Date of Patent: May 2, 2017
    Assignee: Milliken & Company
    Inventors: Franklin S. Love, III, Joseph E. Rumler, Mark A. Hornung, James C. Bryant, Sharon E. Koh-Fallet
  • Patent number: 9533315
    Abstract: The invention is directed at systems and methods which provide for effective cleaning and drying of vehicles of different shapes and sizes. The invention in one example includes a vehicle washing apparatus comprising a conveyor system to move a vehicle along a path, and a bridge assembly supported above a vehicle and moveable along the length thereof. At least one trolley assembly is operatively supported by the bridge assembly and is moveable in a direction generally transverse to the movement of the bridge assembly. At least one cleaning arm assembly for delivering cleaning fluid to or for brushing the surface of a vehicle is operatively supported by the at least one trolley assembly or bridge.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 15, 2013
    Date of Patent: January 3, 2017
    Assignee: PETIT AUTO WASH, INC.
    Inventor: Thomas J. Petit
  • Patent number: 9504361
    Abstract: A foam soap generator is provided for implementation with various types of foam soap delivery systems. The foam soap generator includes converging air and liquid soap passages at a mixing chamber, where a prefoam is generated for ultimate extrusion through a porous passage member. In one embodiment of the invention, the liquid soap is drawn into an entrainment zone by high velocity air passing through the air passageway and into the mixing chamber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 22, 2010
    Date of Patent: November 29, 2016
    Assignee: GOJO Industries, Inc.
    Inventor: James M. Yates
  • Patent number: 9038919
    Abstract: This invention generally relates to systems and methods for the formation and/or control of fluidic species, and articles produced by such systems and methods. In some cases, the invention involves unique fluid channels, systems, controls, and/or restrictions, and combinations thereof. In certain embodiments, the invention allows fluidic streams (which can be continuous or discontinuous, i.e., droplets) to be formed and/or combined, at a variety of scales, including microfluidic scales. In one set of embodiments, a fluidic stream may be produced from a channel, where a cross-sectional dimension of the fluidic stream is smaller than that of the channel, for example, through the use of structural elements, other fluids, and/or applied external fields, etc. In some cases, a Taylor cone may be produced.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 7, 2005
    Date of Patent: May 26, 2015
    Assignee: President and Fellows of Harvard College
    Inventors: Darren Roy Link, David A. Weitz, Manuel Marquez-Sanchez, Zhengdong Cheng
  • Patent number: 9010663
    Abstract: Apparatus for generating a mist comprising a conduit having a mixing chamber and an exit; a transport nozzle in fluid communication with the said conduit, the transport nozzle being adapted to introduce a transport fluid into the mixing chamber; a working nozzle positioned adjacent the transport nozzle intermediate the transport nozzle and the exit, the working nozzle being adapted to introduce a working fluid into the mixing chamber; the transport and working nozzles having an angular orientation and internal geometry such that in use interaction of the transport fluid and working fluid in the mixing chamber causes the working fluid to atomize and form a dispersed vapor/droplet flow regime, which is discharged as a mist from the exit, the mist comprising working fluid droplets having a substantially uniform size.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 25, 2005
    Date of Patent: April 21, 2015
    Assignee: Tyco Fire & Security GmbH
    Inventors: Marcus Brian Mayhall Fenton, John Gervase Mark Heathcote, Alexander Guy Wallis
  • Patent number: 9004375
    Abstract: The present invention relates to apparatus and method for generating a mist comprising a conduit having a mixing chamber and an exit; a working fluid inlet in fluid communication with said conduit; a transport nozzle in fluid communication with the said conduit, the transport nozzle adapted to introduce a transport fluid into the mixing chamber; the transport nozzle having an angular orientation and internal geometry such that in use the transport fluid interacts with the working fluid introduced into the mixing chamber through the working fluid inlet to atomize and form a dispersed vapor/droplet flow regime, which is discharged as a mist comprising working fluid droplets, a substantial portion of the droplets having a size less than 20 ?m.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 25, 2005
    Date of Patent: April 14, 2015
    Assignee: Tyco Fire & Security GmbH
    Inventors: Marcus Brian Mayhall Fenton, John Gervase Mark Heathcote, Alexander Guy Wallis
  • Patent number: 8991727
    Abstract: An apparatus for generating a mist is provided. The apparatus has at least one working fluid supply conduit having an inlet in fluid communication with a supply of working fluid and an outlet in fluid communication with a first mixing chamber. The apparatus also includes a plurality of transport fluid passages, each of which has an inlet adapted to receive a supply of transport fluid and an outlet in fluid communication with the mixing chamber. Downstream of the mixing chamber is a nozzle having an inlet in fluid communication with the mixing chamber, an outlet, and a throat portion intermediate the nozzle inlet and outlet. The throat portion of the nozzle has a cross sectional area which is less than that of either the nozzle inlet or the nozzle outlet. The apparatus enhances the atomization of the working fluid to generate the mist.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 4, 2009
    Date of Patent: March 31, 2015
    Assignee: Tyco Fire & Security GmbH
    Inventors: Jude Alexander Glynn Worthy, James Oliver French
  • Patent number: 8985478
    Abstract: A spray nozzle for two-component flue gas cleaning nozzles. The spray nozzle includes an output or mixing chamber and at least two through bores which lead to the output or mixing chamber and are each connected to a fluid line. At least one through bore is embodied in such a way that it is self-cleaning and/or a cleaning device is provided for at least one through bore.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 20, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 24, 2015
    Inventor: Dieter Wurz
  • Patent number: 8979002
    Abstract: A manual compressed-air spraying device comprising a head in which are fixed an air nozzle forming a venturi and an output nozzle is disclosed. The head delimits, between the venturi and the output nozzle, a mixing chamber into which directly opens a conduit for channelling product to be sprayed. The output nozzle presents a convergent section and a divergent section downstream of the convergent section.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 6, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2015
    Assignee: LVMH Recherche
    Inventors: Jaques Gerbron, Marc Chevalier
  • Patent number: 8950692
    Abstract: Disclosed is a water faucet, in which a main body (1) is composed of a water outlet channel (2) and a water inlet channel (3), with a micro flow ejector (5) having a vent hole (4) fitted between the water outlet channel (2) and the water inlet channel (3), a flow-adjusting positioning screw (6) fitted on a hollow inner circular tube wall (14) behind the micro flow ejector (5), between the micro flow ejector (5) and the flow-adjusting positioning screw (6) there being fitted a hollow flow regulating valve (8) which is T shaped at the rear portion and cone shaped at the head portion; wherein the cone-shaped head portion of the hollow flow regulating valve (8) is provided with an ejecting orifice (9), the small cylindrical tube wall of the hollow flow regulating valve (8) is provided with more than one water inlet/outlet hole (10), and an air inlet check valve (13) is placed in the vent hole (4) of the micro flow ejector (5).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 15, 2011
    Date of Patent: February 10, 2015
    Inventor: Xionghui Liu
  • Patent number: 8882001
    Abstract: A fire suppression apparatus and method of generating foam are provided in which a foam-forming liquid is introduced under high velocity and pressure into a mixing manifold through a plurality of jets, and a non-combustible gas is introduced under high velocity and pressure into the center of the mixing manifold, downstream of the jets and in the direction of flow of the foam-forming liquid. The foam generated in the mixing manifold is discharged through a hose and nozzle connected to the mixing manifold. The apparatus may be a self-contained unit, supported on a frame, with its own supply of foam-forming liquid and non-combustible gas.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 19, 2012
    Date of Patent: November 11, 2014
    Assignee: Forced Gas Technologies, LLC
    Inventor: Darren Sean Henry
  • Patent number: 8820663
    Abstract: A pressurized air-assisted liquid spray nozzle assembly having an air direction member that defines a central longitudinal airflow passage having an upstream end for coupling to a pressurized air supply and a plurality of cross-passages for directing a plurality of pressurized air streams radially outwardly, a liquid direction guide disposed in surrounding relation to the air direction member having a plurality of circumferentially spaced liquid passages extending transversely across the cross-passages for intersecting pressurized liquid and air streams and pre-atomizing the liquid, a downstream expansion chamber for receiving pre-atomized liquid, and discharge orifice communicating centrally with the expansion chamber for emitting a predetermined atomized liquid spray pattern.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 26, 2012
    Date of Patent: September 2, 2014
    Assignee: Spraying Systems Co.
    Inventors: Daniel A. Vidusek, Emily Pope
  • Patent number: 8794545
    Abstract: A fuel injector includes a fuel delivery tube; a plurality of pre-mixing tubes, each pre-mixing tube comprising at least one fuel injection hole; an upstream tube support plate that supports upstream ends of the plurality of pre-mixing tubes; a downstream tube support plate that supports downstream ends of the plurality of pre-mixing tubes; an outer wall connecting the upstream tube support plate and the downstream tube support plate and defining a plenum therewith; and a baffle provided in the plenum. The baffle includes a radial portion. A fuel delivered in the upstream direction by the fuel delivery tube is directed radially outwardly in the plenum between the radial portion of the baffle and the downstream tube support plate, then in the downstream direction around an outer edge portion of the radial portion, and then radially inwardly between the radial portion and the upstream tube support plate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 25, 2009
    Date of Patent: August 5, 2014
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Thomas Edward Johnson, Benjamin Lacy, Christian Stevenson
  • Patent number: 8789769
    Abstract: Apparati for generating a mist are disclosed. One apparatus is disclosed, which has an elongate hollow body (12) and an elongate member (14) located within the body (12). A transport fluid passage (16) and a nozzle (32) are defined between the body (12) and the elongate member (14). The transport fluid passage (16) has a throat portion of reduced cross-sectional area and is in fluid communication with the nozzle (32). The elongate member (14) includes a working fluid passage (26) and one or more communicating openings, such as for example, bores, annuli, and combinations thereof, (30) extending radially outward from the working fluid passage (26). The openings (30) permit a working fluid (e.g. water) to be passed into the transport fluid passage (16), whereupon the working fluid is subjected to shear forces by a high velocity transport fluid (e.g. steam). The shearing of the working fluid results in the generation of a mist formed from droplets of substantially uniform size.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 13, 2009
    Date of Patent: July 29, 2014
    Assignee: Tyco Fire & Security GmbH
    Inventors: Marcus Brian Mayhall Fenton, Alexander Guy Wallis
  • Patent number: 8783229
    Abstract: A gaseous fuel internal combustion engine includes an engine housing defining at least one cylinder, and an intake housing defining an intake passage fluidly connecting with the at least one cylinder. The engine includes a gaseous fuel delivery mechanism coupled with the engine housing and a distributed ignition promoting mechanism having a bead presentation device extending into the intake passage and configured to present a liquid bead of distributed ignition promoting material therein such as engine lubricating oil. During operation, gases passing through the intake passage dislodge the liquid bead from the bead presentation device and carry the distributed ignition promoting material into the cylinder for distributively igniting therein a mixture containing a gaseous fuel, air and the distributed ignition promoting material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 7, 2010
    Date of Patent: July 22, 2014
    Assignee: Caterpillar Inc.
    Inventors: Hoisan Kim, Mark Sommars, Martin Willi, Scott Fiveland
  • Patent number: 8777128
    Abstract: An exemplary device for spray applications includes a nozzle configured to emit a first fluid stream in a downstream direction away from the nozzle. At least one feed port situated near the nozzle introduces an agent into the first fluid stream to be carried by the first fluid stream in the downstream direction. At least one cleaning port situated near the nozzle emits a second fluid stream in a generally upstream direction toward at least one of the nozzle or the feed port.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 18, 2011
    Date of Patent: July 15, 2014
    Assignee: United Technologies Corporation
    Inventors: Christopher W. Strock, Robert D. Richard
  • Patent number: 8777129
    Abstract: A processing apparatus is provided to process a workpiece. The processing apparatus can have a low-profile nozzle system capable of navigating through spaces in order to process target regions with relatively small clearances. A fluid jet outputted from the nozzle system is used to cut, mill, or otherwise process the target region of the workpiece.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 21, 2012
    Date of Patent: July 15, 2014
    Assignee: Flow International Corporation
    Inventors: Mohamed Hashish, Steve Craigen, Bruce Schuman, Eckhardt Ullrich, Jeno Orova
  • Patent number: 8776510
    Abstract: A mounting unit (2) for fastening an injection member to an exhaust gas tract has a retaining region (12) for receiving the injection member, and an edge region (28). At least one opening (30) for receiving a fastening element is provided in the edge region (28). The mounting unit (2) is designed in such a manner that there is an air gap (13) between the fastening element and the retaining region (12) when the mounting unit (2) is fastened to the exhaust gas tract by the fastening element.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 2, 2010
    Date of Patent: July 15, 2014
    Assignee: Robert Bosch GmbH
    Inventors: Stefan Stein, Arnad Beganovic, Ralf Gragen, Jens Benitsch
  • Publication number: 20140183282
    Abstract: Systems, apparatus, and methods for distributing a mixed phase fluid to a monolith catalyst bed within a reactor, wherein a mixed phase fluid may be generated by a nozzle tray comprising a plurality of nozzles, the mixed phase fluid may be distributed by the nozzles to a mixed phase distributor system, and the mixed phase fluid may be further distributed by the mixed phase distributor system to a plurality of monolith channels within the reactor.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 7, 2014
    Publication date: July 3, 2014
    Applicant: Chevron U.S.A. Inc.
    Inventors: Krishniah Parimi, Steven Xuqi Song, Moinuddin Ahmed, Thien Duyen Thi Nguyen
  • Patent number: 8746594
    Abstract: An air inductor comprises an inner sleeve having a water inlet (1) and a water outlet (2). The inner sleeve is arranged to form a venturi and has a side air inlet (3). An outer sleeve has first and second different attachment means (9, 11) at opposite ends for attachment to different plumbing fixtures. The inner sleeve can be inserted into either end of the outer sleeve so as to selectably locate the first and second attachment means (9, 11) at the water inlet (1) and water outlet (2) respectively and vice versa.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 23, 2009
    Date of Patent: June 10, 2014
    Assignee: A L Challis Limited
    Inventor: Russell Johnson Challis
  • Patent number: 8720803
    Abstract: A multiple-line irrigation system includes a plurality of spans extending from a central pivot, a first pipeline for carrying water, and a second pipeline for carrying chemicals. Each span includes a distribution assembly which draws water and chemicals from the first and second pipelines independently of distribution assemblies in the other spans so as to distribute the water and chemicals as a mixture onto a field according to the requirements of the field under each span. Auxiliary lines coupled to the pipelines in the distribution assembly in each span include valves to regulate the supply of water and chemicals from the pipelines.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 3, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 13, 2014
    Inventor: John S. Standley
  • Patent number: 8684284
    Abstract: Methods, processes, and apparatuses for the large scale synthesis of carbon nanostructures are provided. The apparatus for continuous large scale production of SWNTs includes a chamber. Positioned in one end of the chamber is a piston and at the other end is a tangential vortex created by gases forced into the chamber from opposite sides of the chamber walls. The chamber can be heated to reduce or eliminate agglomeration of small particles. The piston is used to push the catalyst towards the vortex, and the injection rate is controlled by the speed of the piston and the gas flow rate to create the vortex that also act as the transport gas. Thus, greater than 1 kg/h of an aerosolized, deagglomerated dry powder catalyst can be delivered to the reactor at a constant flow rate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 26, 2007
    Date of Patent: April 1, 2014
    Assignee: Honda Motor Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Avetik R. Harutyunyan
  • Patent number: 8672238
    Abstract: A spray head is provided for a blower tube of a spray apparatus. The blower tube is adapted to conduct a blower air flow to the spray head (20) in a flow direction (18). The spray head includes a supply pipe (13) for a medium to be sprayed such as a liquid. The spray head also includes an inlet opening for receiving the blower air flow (40) and an outlet opening through which the blower air flow is discharged from the spray head enriched with the medium. The supply pipe (13) has an outer feed connection for the medium and a discharge opening (29) in the interior of the spray head for admixing the medium into the blower air flow (40). The discharge opening (29) defines a plane aligned in the flow direction (18) and an impediment is disposed at the edge of the discharge opening lying upstream with respect to the flow direction (18). The impediment disturbs the blower air flow entering the spray head through the inlet opening before it flows over the discharge opening.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 5, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 18, 2014
    Assignee: Andreas Stihl AG & Co. KG
    Inventors: Marcus Stein, Markus Herzog, Christine Bähr
  • Patent number: 8616464
    Abstract: A method of forming droplets comprises flowing a liquid through a channel; spreading the liquid into a thin film in the channel; and impinging the thin film with a flowing gas to atomize the liquid into droplets. The droplets may then be dried to produce dried particles, such as particles comprising a pharmaceutical active agent. The droplets formed by the disclosed process have improved size and/or size distribution characteristics.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 8, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 31, 2013
    Assignee: Novartis AG
    Inventors: Herman E Snyder, James Nasiatka, Christopher M Varga
  • Patent number: 8557051
    Abstract: A system for cleaning a substrate with a foam performs a method for generating a cleaning foam. In the first operation of the method, the system pumps a fluid into a premix chamber. The premix chamber is a component of a male plug which fits into a female housing in the system. Then the system injects a gas into the premix chamber to initiate generation of the foam from the fluid. The foam flows from the premix chamber into a sealed helical channel formed by a helical indentation on an outside surface of the male plug and an inner surface of the female housing to allow the foam to reach a desired state along a length of the sealed helical channel. In the last operation of the method, the foam outputs from an exit end of the helical channel through the male plug to a component of the system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 12, 2012
    Date of Patent: October 15, 2013
    Assignee: Lam Research Corporation
    Inventors: Arnold Kholodenko, Anwar Husain, Gregory A. Tomasch, Cheng-Yu (Sean) Lin
  • Patent number: 8496189
    Abstract: Disclosed herein is a mixing apparatus for mixing solids and liquids comprising a mixing chamber defined within a plurality of sides radially arranged about a central axis, the mixing chamber comprising an eductor, the eductor comprising a first chamber inlet separated along the central axis from a chamber outlet by a frusta conical venturi throat arranged coaxial with a central axis; the eductor further comprising a second chamber inlet disposed through one or more of the plurality of sides and located between the first chamber inlet and the chamber outlet, the second chamber inlet having a plurality of second inlet opening diameters, each determined perpendicular to the central axis at the point at which the second chamber inlet intersects with an outer wall of the venturi throat, wherein the second inlet diameters are each less than the diameter of the venturi throat at each of the points at which the second chamber inlet intersects with the outer wall of the venturi throat.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 22, 2007
    Date of Patent: July 30, 2013
    Assignee: M-I L.L.C.
    Inventors: Perry D. Lomond, Mukesh Kapila
  • Patent number: 8453945
    Abstract: A spray nozzle for two-componet flue gas cleaning nozzles. the spray nozzle includes an output or mixing chamber and at least two through bores which lead to the output or mixing chamber and are each connected to a fluid line. At least one through bore is embodied in such a way that it is self-cleaning and/or a cleaning device is provided for at least one through bore.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 5, 2006
    Date of Patent: June 4, 2013
    Inventor: Dieter Wurz
  • Patent number: 8448879
    Abstract: Such apparatuses are used for discharging active substances along with various carrier media, water often being used as a carrier medium. In order to ensure that the water perfectly nebulizes together with the active substance, the mist pipe (10) comprises at least three additional pipes (3 to 6) which partly surround each other to form annular chambers (31 to 33). Such a mist pipe (10) allows the size distribution of the drops to be kept within narrow limits even when water is used as a carrier medium. The nebulizer and the mist pipe (10) are mainly used in the health sector, in agriculture, plantations and greenhouses, for protecting supplies and for disinfection purposes on humans, in animal husbandry, and in food production.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 23, 2008
    Date of Patent: May 28, 2013
    Assignee: Swingtec GmbH
    Inventors: Nikolaus Krug, Martin Eisleb
  • Patent number: 8448880
    Abstract: A processing apparatus is provided to process a workpiece. The processing apparatus can have a low-profile nozzle system capable of navigating through spaces in order to process target regions with relatively small clearances. A fluid jet outputted from the nozzle system is used to cut, mill, or otherwise process the target region of the workpiece.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 18, 2007
    Date of Patent: May 28, 2013
    Assignee: Flow International Corporation
    Inventors: Mohamed Hashish, Steve Craigen, Bruce Schuman, Eckhardt Ullrich, Jeno Orova
  • Patent number: 8408479
    Abstract: Method of spraying a pulverulent material into a carrier gas, comprising the acceleration of the carrier gas under pressure up to a sonic velocity before an expansion enabling the pulverulent material to be entrained, with formation of a constant stream of carrier gas entraining an adjustable predetermined amount of pulverulent materials, and safety device for spraying pulverulent material into a carrier gas.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 3, 2008
    Date of Patent: April 2, 2013
    Assignee: FIB-Services Intellectual S.A.
    Inventor: Osvaldo Di Loreto
  • Patent number: 8360339
    Abstract: A fire suppression apparatus and method of generating foam are provided in which a foam-forming liquid is introduced under high velocity and pressure into a mixing manifold through a plurality of jets, and a non-combustible gas is introduced under high velocity and pressure into the center of the mixing manifold, downstream of the jets and in the direction of flow of the foam-forming liquid. The foam generated in the mixing manifold is discharged through a hose and nozzle connected to the mixing manifold. The apparatus may be a self-contained unit, supported on a frame, with its own supply of foam-forming liquid and non-combustible gas.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 13, 2008
    Date of Patent: January 29, 2013
    Assignee: Forced Gas Technologies, LLC
    Inventor: Darren Sean Henry
  • Patent number: 8327643
    Abstract: A main swirler of a triple annular configuration that is partitioned by a pre-filmer and a separator is installed in an inlet port of a main air flow channel. The vicinity of the inner wall of the main air flow channel provided with a main fuel injection port is bulged radially outward from the innermost surface (innermost surface of a small swirler) of a main swirler. Further, a distance from the main fuel injection port and the pre-filmer is set such that an effective opening area between the pre-filmer and “the inner wall of the main air flow channel provided with the main fuel injection port” is equal to an effective opening area of the small swirler. The swirling directions of the swirlers of the main swirler are “clockwise”-“counter-clockwise”-“clockwise” respectively along the radial outward direction when the swirling direction of the innermost swirler is taken as “clockwise”.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 28, 2010
    Date of Patent: December 11, 2012
    Assignee: Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency
    Inventors: Takeshi Yamamoto, Kazuo Shimodaira, Kazuaki Matsuura, Yoji Kurosawa, Seiji Yoshida
  • Patent number: 8322633
    Abstract: A nozzle assembly for encapsulating a gaseous solution in bubbles comprises a discharge tube having a diffuser and a foam solution spray nozzle mounted therein. The discharge tube has upstream and downstream ends. The discharge tube has a front face at the upstream end with a first opening configured to be joined to a gas supply line that provides a gaseous solution and a second opening configured to receive a non-expanded foam solution. The downstream end of the discharge tube is open. A chamber is formed within the discharge tube to receive the gaseous solution at the upstream end and release the gaseous solution through the diffuser into the discharge tube towards the downstream end.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 9, 2006
    Date of Patent: December 4, 2012
    Assignee: Tyco Fire Products LP
    Inventors: Mitchell J. Hubert, Stephen A. Barker, Donald Bjorkman, Gregory R. Walker
  • Patent number: 8302884
    Abstract: A cross-flow injector is used to introduce fluids into a chemical vapor deposition process chamber separately and simultaneously for efficiently atomizing and vaporizing the fluids. The cross-flow injector consists of a three port cavity having an inlet nozzle, a throat region, and an exit nozzle. The injector cavity is defined by the tapering of the inlet and exit nozzles to the smaller diameter of the throat region. The tapering allows for pressure differentials at the inlet, throat, and exit regions, and assures the inlet pressure being much greater than the exit region. The throat region consists of additional apertures for injecting dopants and precursors within the fluid flow. The pressure differential at the throat region atomizes and vaporizes the injected dopant and precursor fluids. In a second embodiment, the injector cavity consists of two ports, having an inlet nozzle and a throat region.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 29, 2000
    Date of Patent: November 6, 2012
    Assignee: Novellus Systems, Inc.
    Inventors: Martin M. Barrera, Alex E. Spencer
  • Patent number: 8297537
    Abstract: An atomization system for fuels, particularly for charging a chemical reformer for obtaining hydrogen, includes at least one metering device for metering fuel at at least one metering point into a connecting tube capable of receiving a temperature-adjusted substance stream. The connecting tube features at least one atomization point located downstream of the at least one metering point.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 11, 2003
    Date of Patent: October 30, 2012
    Assignee: Robert Bosch GmbH
    Inventors: Frank Miller, Hartmut Albrodt
  • Patent number: 8215571
    Abstract: A perfume bottle spray head assembly is disclosed to include a nozzle head, a lock cap, a receptacle, a plug, a dip tube, an outer cap and a rotary shut-off control plate. The nozzle head has passage means defined therein to facilitate mixing of liquid perfume with compressed air for enabling well-mixed liquid perfume and compressed air mixture to be sprayed out in a mist. The rotary shut-off control plate is operable to rotate the plug in the receptacle between a close position to shut off the liquid perfume passage and an open position to open the liquid perfume passage.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 29, 2009
    Date of Patent: July 10, 2012
    Assignee: Ing Wen Precision Ent. Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Yuan-Wen Yu
  • Patent number: 8177143
    Abstract: A hand-held dispenser for precisely controlling the flow rate of water therethrough and for precisely injecting a liquid chemical into the water passing through the apparatus. The dispenser is also capable of dispensing a water-only rinse spray.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 20, 2009
    Date of Patent: May 15, 2012
    Inventor: Rodney Laible
  • Patent number: 8161984
    Abstract: In an example embodiment, a device for generating a cleaning foam includes a female housing and a male plug. The plug includes an aperture into which a fluid flows from another component of the cleaning system. The plug includes a premix chamber which receives the fluid from the aperture and into which a gas is injected to form a foam. In an example embodiment, the chamber is a hollow cylinder and the gas is injected into the cylinder through channels which are tangential to the cylinder. The plug also includes a solid cylinder with a continuous helical indentation on the outside of the solid cylinder. When the male plug is inserted into the female housing, the continuous helical indentation and the inner surface of the housing form a helical channel through which the foam flows and is further mixed on its way back into the cleaning system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 4, 2008
    Date of Patent: April 24, 2012
    Assignee: Lam Research Corporation
    Inventors: Arnold Kholodenko, Anwar Husain, Gregory A. Tomasch, Cheng-Yu (Sean) Lin
  • Patent number: 8157189
    Abstract: A fuel injection nozzle comprises a body member having an upstream wall opposing a downstream wall, a baffle member having an upstream surface and a downstream surface, a first chamber, a second chamber, a fuel inlet communicative with the first chamber operative to emit a first gas into the first chamber, and a plurality of mixing tubes, each of the mixing tubes having a tube inner surface, a tube outer surface, a first inlet communicative with an aperture in the upstream wall operative to receive a second gas, a second inlet communicative with the tube outer surface and the tube inner surface operative to translate the first gas into the mixing tube, a mixing portion operative to mix the first gas and the second gas, and an outlet communicative with an aperture in the downstream wall operative to emit the mixed first and second gasses.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 3, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 17, 2012
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Thomas Edward Johnson, Christian Xavier Stevenson, William David York, Willy Steve Ziminsky
  • Patent number: 8128007
    Abstract: An air-blast fuel injector is disclosed which includes an outer air circuit having an exit portion, an inner air circuit having an outlet configured to direct air toward the exit portion of the outer air circuit, and a fuel circuit radially outboard of the inner air circuit and having an exit communicating with the outer air circuit upstream from the exit portion of the outer air circuit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 17, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 6, 2012
    Assignee: Delavan Inc
    Inventors: Neal A. Thomson, Philip E. O. Buelow, David H. Bretz
  • Patent number: 8051905
    Abstract: In one embodiment, a cooling system is disclosed. The cooling system comprises: a cooling channel for receiving a cooling media, a substrate disposed near the cooling channel, and a fluidic jet disposed within the substrate and in fluid communication with the cooling channel. The cooling channel is for thermal communication with a component to be cooled. The cooling channel has a height of less than or equal to about 3 mm and a width of less than or equal to 2 mm. The fluidic jet comprises a cavity defined by a well and a membrane. In one embodiment, a method of cooling an electrical component comprises: passing a cooling media through a cooling channel, drawing the cooling media into one or more of the fluidic jets, expelling the cooling media from the one or more fluidic jets into the cooling channel, and removing thermal energy from the electrical component.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 15, 2006
    Date of Patent: November 8, 2011
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Mehmet Arik, Todd Garrett Wetzel, Stephen Adam Solovitz
  • Patent number: 8028934
    Abstract: An atomizing nozzle for two substances, which is used for spraying a liquid with the aid of a compressed gas, is provided. The atomizing nozzle includes a mixing chamber, a liquid inlet that extends into the mixing chamber, a compressed gas inlet which extends into the mixing chamber, and an outlet located downstream from the mixing chamber. An annular gap is provided which surrounds the outlet and discharges compressed gas at a high speed. The atomizing nozzle is used for purifying flue gas.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 6, 2006
    Date of Patent: October 4, 2011
    Inventors: Dieter Wurz, Stefan Hartig
  • Patent number: 7967221
    Abstract: A method of forming droplets comprises flowing a liquid through a channel; spreading the liquid into a thin film in the channel; and impinging the thin film with a flowing gas to atomize the liquid into droplets. The droplets may then be dried to produce dried particles, such as particles comprising a pharmaceutical active agent. The droplets formed by the disclosed process have improved size and/or size distribution characteristics.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 16, 2003
    Date of Patent: June 28, 2011
    Assignee: Novartis AG
    Inventors: Herman E. Snyder, James Nasiatka, Christopher M. Varga
  • Publication number: 20110127347
    Abstract: An improved apparatus for generating a mist is provided. The apparatus has at least one working fluid supply conduit (66) having an inlet in fluid communication with a supply of working fluid and an outlet in fluid communication with a first mixing chamber. The apparatus also includes a plurality of transport fluid passages (60a,60b), each of which has an inlet adapted to receive a supply of transport fluid and an outlet in fluid communication with the mixing chamber. Downstream of the mixing chamber is a nozzle (72) having an inlet (74) in fluid communication with the mixing chamber, an outlet (78), and a throat portion (76) intermediate the nozzle inlet (74) and outlet (78). The throat portion (76) of the nozzle (72) has a cross sectional area which is less than that of either the nozzle inlet (74) or the nozzle outlet (78).
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 4, 2009
    Publication date: June 2, 2011
    Inventors: Jude Alexander Glynn Worthy, James Oliver French
  • Patent number: RE45376
    Abstract: In one embodiment, a cooling system is disclosed. The cooling system comprises: a cooling channel for receiving a cooling media, a substrate disposed near the cooling channel, and a fluidic jet disposed within the substrate and in fluid communication with the cooling channel. The cooling channel is for thermal communication with a component to be cooled. The cooling channel has a height of less than or equal to about 3 mm and a width of less than or equal to 2 mm. The fluidic jet comprises a cavity defined by a well and a membrane. In one embodiment, a method of cooling an electrical component comprises: passing a cooling media through a cooling channel, drawing the cooling media into one or more of the fluidic jets, expelling the cooling media from the one or more fluidic jets into the cooling channel, and removing thermal energy from the electrical component.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 6, 2013
    Date of Patent: February 17, 2015
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Mehmet Arik, Todd Garrett Wetzel, Stephen Adam Solovitz