In Concavo-convex Face Patents (Class 239/559)
  • Patent number: 6199566
    Abstract: An apparatus for jetting a fluid within a tubular member. The apparatus may comprise a cylindrical member having an outer portion and an inner portion, an outer sleeve disposed about the cylindrical member forming an annulus area, and a venturi device for jetting the fluid against the inner diameter walls of the tubular string. The venturi device comprises a nozzle disposed within the cylindrical member and a throat formed within the outer sleeve. A recirculation port is formed on the outer sleeve for communicating the fluid from a second annulus area to a first annulus area adjacent the throat. Also disclosed is a method of cleaning a tubular string with a power medium. The method includes providing a wash apparatus concentrically positioned within the tubular string. The power medium may be a fluid or air. In the preferred embodiment, the power medium is a fluid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 29, 1999
    Date of Patent: March 13, 2001
    Inventor: Michael J Gazewood
  • Patent number: 6173909
    Abstract: A portable fire extinguishing nozzle arrangement has a nozzle head provided with fire extinguishing nozzles that may be connected to a supply pipe. A plurality of fire extinguishing nozzles are mutually spaced apart at the free front side of the nozzle head. When supplied with fire extinguishing fluid, each fire extinguishing nozzle generates a mist of fire extinguishing fluid. The fire extinguishing nozzles may be selectively supplied with fire extinguishing fluid individually and/or in groups through a valve combination.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 6, 1998
    Date of Patent: January 16, 2001
    Assignee: Kamat-Pumpen GmbH & Co. KG
    Inventors: Dirk Sprakel, Jan Sprakel, Jesper Lindenberg Olesen
  • Patent number: 6158674
    Abstract: A liquid dispenser comprises a pumping assembly attached to a liquid storage container. The pumping assembly includes an outlet port for dispersing liquid from the container. The outlet port includes a plurality of channels that communicate with a plurality of orifices through which a liquid is dispensed to an exterior of the storage container. The orifices arranged are in two series of concentric rings.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 28, 1999
    Date of Patent: December 12, 2000
    Inventor: Ronald O. Humphreys
  • Patent number: 6089219
    Abstract: This application is an invention relating to an improvement in a gas burner for a stove for leading a mixed gas to flame holes, and burning the gas therein, through a gas passage (18) from a mixing tube (5) which produces the mixed gas by mixing a gas introduced in a jet from a nozzle and primary air drawn in with introduction of the gas. A sub-chamber (Ca) is provided separately from the gas passage for storing the mixed gas in a state of flux. The sub-chamber (Ca) communicates with the gas passage (18) through an inlet (3), and discharges the mixed gas stored therein through outlets (2) disposed adjacent the flame holes. With this construction, even when a continued combustion in the flame holes becomes difficult due to air-rich air resulting from an operation of an adjusting lever of the gas burner for a stove to adjusts the quantity of gas rapidly from large to small, the mixed gas stored in the sub-chamber (Ca) is discharged from the outlets (2) to continue the combustion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 9, 1999
    Date of Patent: July 18, 2000
    Assignee: Harman Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Hiroshi Kodera, Yuzuru Uchida, Takashi Ohta, Hiroshi Kamitani
  • Patent number: 6035846
    Abstract: A burner for gas cookers (1) comprises: a central flame crown (22) concentric with two circumferential crowns (25, 26) themselves concentric; radial ducts (23) for feeding the primary gas-air mixture I to the circumferential crown and a substantially horizontal Venturi effect chamber (18) defined by facing surfaces (15, 16) and equidistant from the body (14) of the burner and from the cover of the of central flame crown respectively.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 6, 1998
    Date of Patent: March 14, 2000
    Assignee: SABAF S.p.A.
    Inventor: Giuseppe Saleri
  • Patent number: 5979799
    Abstract: A feed nozzle for introducing steam and a heavy petroleum hydrocarbon into a reactor, including a nozzle body having a cylindrical inner steam conduit; and having a annular outer heavy petroleum hydrocarbon conduit, a first nozzle tip fixedly attached to the outlet end of the inner steam conduit, for the passage of the steam out of the inner steam conduit and into the heavy petroleum hydrocarbon, resulting in a mixture of steam and heavy petroleum hydrocarbon; the hemi-spherical outlet end having a row comprising a plurality of holes therein for the passage of the steam out of the inner steam conduit and into the heavy petroleum hydrocarbon passing through the outer heavy petroleum hydrocarbon conduit, resulting in a mixture of steam and heavy petroleum hydrocarbon; a second nozzle tip fixedly attached to the outer heavy petroleum hydrocarbon conduit, for passage of the mixture of steam and heavy petroleum hydrocarbon out of the feed nozzle assembly; the second nozzle tip being adapted to atomize the mixture
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 28, 1995
    Date of Patent: November 9, 1999
    Assignee: Shell Oil Company
    Inventors: Ye-Mon Chen, James W. Nielson, Jr., David J. Brosten
  • Patent number: 5957392
    Abstract: Nozzle for a liquid applicator which may be employed to apply a liquid, especially a sprayable herbicide are provided. The nozzles comprise a body having a first end, second end, and relative central horizontal axis. The body defines a bore which extends from the first end to a bore wall which is proximate the second end. The second end defines at least three exit openings which are spaced adjacent from one another. Each exit opening extends from the bore wall out through the second end at an angle between about 30 degrees to about 40 degrees relative to the horizontal central axis. Each one of the exit openings intersects a corresponding deflection surface which are formed in the second end. The first end is adapted to mechanically couple with an spray applicator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 8, 1998
    Date of Patent: September 28, 1999
    Inventor: David Pincus
  • Patent number: 5803363
    Abstract: A liquid sprinkler having a substantially hemispherical shaped head at the upper end of a vertical rise pipe. The head is spaced above an area to be watered and has a plurality of nozzles on the hemispherical surface which are sized and positioned to afford even water distribution over the watered area.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 25, 1994
    Date of Patent: September 8, 1998
    Assignee: Sumitomo Chemical Company, Limited
    Inventors: Shunji Matsumura, Keiichi Fujimoto, Hiroshi Ota
  • Patent number: 5794857
    Abstract: A feed nozzle for introducing steam and a heavy petroleum hydrocarbon into a reactor, including a nozzle body having a cylindrical inner steam conduit; and having an annular outer heavy petroleum hydrocarbon conduit, a first nozzle tip fixedly attached to the outlet end of the inner steam conduit, for the passage of the steam out of the inner steam conduit and into the heavy petroleum hydrocarbon, resulting in a mixture of steam and heavy petroleum hydrocarbon, the hemi-spherical outlet end; having a row comprising a plurality of holes therein for the passage of the steam out of the inner steam conduit and into the heavy petroleum hydrocarbon passing through the outer heavy petroleum hydrocarbon conduit, resulting in a mixture of steam and heavy petroleum hydrocarbon; a second nozzle tip fixedly attached to the outer heavy petroleum hydrocarbon conduit, for passage of the mixture of steam and heavy petroleum hydrocarbon out of the feed nozzle assembly; the second nozzle tip being adapted to atomize the mixtur
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 7, 1995
    Date of Patent: August 18, 1998
    Assignee: Shell Oil Company
    Inventors: Ye-Mon Chen, Thomas Shawn Dewitz
  • Patent number: 5639232
    Abstract: A gas burner for an open top stove is provided that generally includes three sections that can be separated from one another: a burner body, a burner head, and a drip cover. Forming the bottom of the burner and connected to a gas source is the burner body, which is generally donut-shaped and has an open-topped channel for carrying gas. Seated atop the burner body is the burner head, which is also donut-shaped and includes an open bottomed, internal gas channel that communicates with the open-topped channel of the burner body. The burner head includes two adjacent rows of flame ports that encircle an outer peripheral surface of the burner head and communicate with the internal gas channel. The flame ports of an upper of the two rows are smaller than the flame ports of the lower row. The burner head also includes a third row of flame ports encircling an upper inner peripheral surface of the burner head around the central void.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 26, 1995
    Date of Patent: June 17, 1997
    Assignee: Middleby Marshall Inc.
    Inventors: William R. Bogenschutz, Phillip M. Walden, III, Fred J. Cencelewski
  • Patent number: 5580237
    Abstract: An oxidant lancing nozzle and lancing method wherein first and second oxidant streams are injected into a combustion zone under defined conditions enabling the lancing of oxygen to augment a main combustion reaction with improved flame stability and unchanged or even reduced NO.sub.x formation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 9, 1995
    Date of Patent: December 3, 1996
    Assignee: Praxair Technology, Inc.
    Inventor: Christopher B. Leger
  • Patent number: 5577668
    Abstract: A toroidal manifold sparger having a hollow toroid member with an upper portion and a lower portion and having a plurality of first openings substantially evenly spaced along the lower portion thereof and all oriented perpendicular to the upper portion in a first and vertically downward direction, a plurality of second openings substantially evenly spaced along the lower portion of the toroid member and all oriented in a second direction, the first openings and the second openings being spaced apart from each other, each of the openings having a trajectory such that the trajectory of all of the first openings is parallel to each other and in a downward direction, and the second openings having a trajectory that radially inwardly converges in a downward direction, the first and second openings being the only openings in the lower portion, the toroid member being suspended from the upper portion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 18, 1995
    Date of Patent: November 26, 1996
    Assignee: International Flavors & Fragrances Inc.
    Inventors: Chwan-Kong King, Chee-Teck Tan, Lewis G. Scharpf, Jr., David P. O'Chat, Marvin Schulman
  • Patent number: 5405089
    Abstract: A shower head has a rigid body forming a pressurizable compartment having a downstream wall of composite synthetic-resin material having an inner face and formed with an array of throughgoing holes so that pressurized water in the compartment will exit therefrom through the holes. A unitary liner sheet of a soft elastomer has an outer face bonded to the inner face of the downstream wall and is formed with respective tubular nipples fitting in and projecting through the holes. Each nipple forms a throughgoing passage having an inner end opening in the compartment and an outer end opening outside the body. The liner sheet and integral nipples are molded in situ against the inner face of the plate forming the downstream wall of the shower body. The composite synthetic-resin material is a polybutyleneterephthalate and the elastomer is silicone or the composite synthetic-resin material can be polypropylene and the elastomer a thermoplastic.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 1, 1993
    Date of Patent: April 11, 1995
    Assignee: Friedrich Grohe Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Bruno Heimann, Veit Bechte, Harald Korfgen, Hans-Jurgen Jensen
  • Patent number: 5385467
    Abstract: In a method of combustion designed to achieve a further reduction in harmful emissions, especially of NOx and CO, which is viable at advantageously reduced noise levels and lower cost with any burner of a type comprising a slotted or pierced diffuser of thin sheet metal in receipt of fully or partly mixed gas and air supplies, typically in appliances comprising a heat exchanger such as the boilers of central heating systems, the essential steps are: a) supplying a uniform flow of fuel-air mixture to the slots; b) discharging the mixture from a pierced surface of substantially doughnut geometry comprising a slotted peripheral area (Ap) and an essentially solid central area (Ac) of prescribed proportions; c) bringing combustion to completion in a slender lamellar flame; d) regulating the rate of aeration to a value between 0.9 and 1.4, or e) to values less than 1.6; f) effecting a recycle of post-combustion gases.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 28, 1992
    Date of Patent: January 31, 1995
    Assignee: Worgas Bruciatori S.r.l.
    Inventors: Enrico Sebastiani, Giuseppe Fogliani
  • Patent number: 5372304
    Abstract: A twist apply granular spreader comprising a tapered hollow body having an open top end, a closed bottom end, and a wall surface integral with the top and bottom ends for containing and dispersing granular dispersal substances through a multiplicity of apertures in the wall surface. A handle extends from the top end of the spreader body for supporting the body from above during use. A cover lid having a lip rim is detachably coupled to the top end of the spreader body for retaining granular dispersal substances. A channel encompasses the exterior circumference of the top end of the body and accepts the lip rim of the cover lid thus securing the cover lid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 29, 1993
    Date of Patent: December 13, 1994
    Inventor: John J. R. Sheen
  • Patent number: 5352297
    Abstract: Spray apparatus for applying a fixative liquid chemical to freshly loaded railway coal cars includes a pivoting boom mounted atop a column. The column is both rotatable, to enable avoiding encroaching on a railway right of way, and vertically adjustable, to accommodate cars loaded to different heights. Boom pivot and column vertical movement are powered. Three rows of spray nozzles are supported from the boom. Each nozzle has its own valve. A first row of nozzles sprays the frontal, inclined surface of heaped coal. A second row sprays the main body of heaped coal, and a third row sprays the rearward, inclined surface. Photoresponsive sensors initiate spray signals, which are conditioned by timers. Progress of a railway car past these sensors initiates spray signals, which are suitably delayed, then discontinued, by timers. Total spray time for any one car is limited by an additional timer. Train speed is gauged by an observer, after which timing functions are determined to spray each car appropriately.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 8, 1993
    Date of Patent: October 4, 1994
    Inventor: David E. Peters
  • Patent number: 5312047
    Abstract: A spraying device for dousing the blade chamber of a rotary lawn mower to effect cleaning thereof. An annular, D-shaped conduit is secured to the ground by a centrally disposed stake. The stake orients the flat portion of the D-shaped conduit against the ground, providing a low profile in order for the mower to be positioned over the spraying device. The annular conduit has a plurality of orifices disposed on the top surface defining first and second annular formations. The first annular formation upwardly directs a controlled spray pattern perpendicular to the ground, while the second annular formation upwardly and outwardly directs a controlled spray pattern preferably 45.degree. from the perpendicular. A valved extension conduit in communication with the annular conduit is releasably coupled to a water source such as a garden hose connected to a water faucet for supplying the spraying device with pressurized water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 9, 1993
    Date of Patent: May 17, 1994
    Inventor: Louis A. Akers
  • Patent number: 5301880
    Abstract: During the normal operation of a liquid-cleaning filter cartridge, which is located in a pressurizable inverted bell housing, contaminates are filtered through a sheet of wire mesh arranged in a star configuration on a frame structure within the filter cartridge. Contaminates collect on this filter bed, thus cleaning the dry cleaning solvent. During the system's backwash cycle, filtered solvent previously collected in a steel reservoir is pressurized to provide a powerful head of pressure for backflushing each filter cartridge through its own sprayer nozzle assembly which reciprocates inside the cartridge. The high-pressure spray vigorously cleans the wire mesh of all suspended contaminants and filter bed particles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 29, 1993
    Date of Patent: April 12, 1994
    Assignee: Benian Filter Company, Inc.
    Inventor: Robert Benian
  • Patent number: 5297739
    Abstract: An apparatus and process for impinging a fluid upon an object to be treated. A generally conical shaped flow of fluid is directed from a body which has an opening at the base of the cone against an object to be treated, and located so that fluid impinging on the object reflects upwardly therefrom in the direction of the opening and has a lifting effect on filamentary material, such as hair, located on the object.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 12, 1993
    Date of Patent: March 29, 1994
    Assignee: Torus Corporation
    Inventor: Donovan J. Allen
  • Patent number: 5205306
    Abstract: A decontamination system for rinsing hazardous materials from victims or suited emergency personnel using hand held thin flat octagonal rings of square aluminum tubing having a plurality of radially inwardly directed nozzles for simultaneously spraying water inwardly toward all sides of the part of a person at the center of the ring in a pattern from each nozzle which is wide but confined to about the thickness of the ring. Each ring has two external diametrically opposed sockets for receiving telescoping handles for spraying movement by one or two assisting persons, or it may be manipulated by a user for self-spraying by being hand held or by being pulled down around the user from an elevated horizontal position in which it is supported by elastic cords within a tent frame structure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 16, 1990
    Date of Patent: April 27, 1993
    Inventor: Mark D. Peterson
  • Patent number: 5137187
    Abstract: Anti-spray fluid dispensing nozzle for filling an open top container. The nozzle comprises an elongated fluid supply conduit establishing a fluid path between a source of pressurized fluid and the container to be filled. First and second valves are mounted in the supply conduit disposed in a spaced apart relationship with the first valve positioned upstream the second valve. Each valve includes a movable closure member cooperating with a valve seat to control the flow of fluid through the supply conduit. The closure members of both valves are coupled to a common actuating rod mounted for linear movement within the supply conduit to selectively displace each closure member between a valve closed position and a valve opened position.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 20, 1991
    Date of Patent: August 11, 1992
    Assignee: H.G. Kalish
    Inventors: Peter Nichols, Robin Lapointe
  • Patent number: 5102118
    Abstract: A device for floatably guiding webs or sheets of material to be conveyed by means of nozzles supplying blown air comprises a nozzle body having at least one nozzle aperture on which a jet of blowing air emerges, and a deflecting surface disposed countersunk in the nozzle body and inclined towards the outside of the nozzle body. The deflecting surface is part of the generated surface of a conical depression in the nozzle body, and a nozzle aperture is disposed eccentrically in the conical depression so that the direction of the blowing air jet is directed towards the deflecting surface at a blowing angle which is from less than 90.degree. to parallel with the deflecting surface.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 1, 1990
    Date of Patent: April 7, 1992
    Inventor: Hilmar Vits
  • Patent number: 5070552
    Abstract: A hand held shower head especially--but not exclusively--for personal use has a porous sponge removably clamped over the holes from which a water spray normally issues. The sponge converts the spray into a flowing cascade of water. The sponge is changeable so that each user may have a clean surface, as he sees fit or so that different spray characteristics may be achieved. An arrangement is provided for hanging up the sponge if a user wishes to use the shower with the spray instead of with the cascading flow of water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 3, 1989
    Date of Patent: December 10, 1991
    Assignee: Associated Mills, Inc.
    Inventors: Jefferson L. Gentry, Alfons Rundzaitis
  • Patent number: 4986254
    Abstract: An improved bar burner is provided for use in a cooking grill having a top cooking area. The bar burner includes an elongate body having a pair of curved ends and a pair of substantially parallel sidewalls extending between the curved ends. A plurality of holes is distributed along each side wall for flowing combustible gas from the interior to the exterior of the body. Each curved end also has a plurality of holes for flowing gas to the exterior of the body. The holes in each curved end are arranged to define an end zone and a pair of angularly facing side zones. The holes in the side zones have enlarged cross-sectional areas, thereby providing improved heat rejection. The cross-sectional areas of the holes defining the angularly facing side zones are generally equal to one another and greater than the cross-sectional areas of the holes distributed along each side wall and in the end zones.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 2, 1990
    Date of Patent: January 22, 1991
    Assignee: Greene Manufacturing Co.
    Inventors: William G. Haen, Earle L. Pfefferkorn
  • Patent number: 4984743
    Abstract: A spray nozzle which comprises a generally solid body having substantially parallel opposed faces and a circumferential edge, at least a portion of the circumferential edge describing an arcuate face;a major-sized borehole extending normally into the circumferential edge from a direction opposite the arcuate face and substantially transversely through the solid body;a plurality of angularly arrayed minor-sized boreholes intersecting the major-sized borehole and extending through the arcuate-faced edge of the solid body, the minor-sized boreholes each having an axis intersecting substantially perpendicular to a borehole face of the major-size borehole closest to the arcuate-faced edge;a spray outlet tube mounted in each of the minor-sized boreholes; andmeans for coupling the major-sized borehole to a source of liquid pest control composition under operable pressure for spraying.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 17, 1989
    Date of Patent: January 15, 1991
    Assignee: The Dow Chemical Company
    Inventors: James D. Chaddock, deceased, Perry Chaddock, executor
  • Patent number: 4953534
    Abstract: An extra flat type gas burner assembly is provided, comprising an annular venturi (17), a tubular member (11) fast with the burner body (1) extending vertically thereunder to cover the injector (5) and position the latter coaxially at the intake (15) of the gas-air mixture in the burner body, whereas the injector (5) is supported freely by a structural element (18).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 17, 1990
    Date of Patent: September 4, 1990
    Assignee: Sourdillon-Airindex
    Inventors: Jean-Bernard L. De Gouville, Bernard Dane
  • Patent number: 4938422
    Abstract: An inlet distributor for a gas solids contracting vessel uses a two direction distributor to prevent bed surface disturbances at high inlet velocities and high particle loadings. The distributor uses a series of partitions to peel off portions of the downward gas flow and redirect them radially outward. Each outwardly directed gas flow component passes through a series of perforations to effect any necessary circumferential redistribution before entering the space above the particle bed. By subdividing the gas flow into a number of radially directed flow portions and circumferentially redistributing these flow portions, cross-currents and eddy currents on the catalyst bed surface are minimized or avoided so that disturbances at the bed surface are eliminated. This distributor is particularly effective in vessels having particles loaded to within a short distance of bed inlets and where elbows or other upstream flow devices introduce nonuniformities into the gas flow to a particle bed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 23, 1987
    Date of Patent: July 3, 1990
    Assignee: UOP
    Inventor: William J. Koves
  • Patent number: 4919331
    Abstract: Snow making apparatus includes a blower for establishing a high volume air flow and a nucleator disposed in the air flow for generating a spray of frozen nuclei. A plurality of water injection nozzles are disposed substantially within and encircling substantially all of the air flow and are selectively actuatable to inject the spray of water into the air stream. Freezing of this spray is initiated by the nuclei at a point remote from the apparatus so as to produce snow.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 14, 1989
    Date of Patent: April 24, 1990
    Assignee: Mt. Holly, Inc.
    Inventors: Joseph F. Kosik, Sr., Bruce M. Firestone
  • Patent number: 4891006
    Abstract: In a pilot flame gas burner, particularly for a domestic appliance, comprising principal orifices for main flames distributed peripherally and peripheral gas conduit means beneath the principal orifices to generate at least one pilot flame extending peripherally to heat the foot of the main flames, the invention provides the following improvement. Said peripheral gas conduit means are arranged to generate a pilot flame collar extending continuously over the periphery of the burner without projecting appreciably from the peripheral surface of the burner and so that in zones disposed beneath the principal orifices, and each associated with at least one principal orifice, the pilot flame is more active and is adapted to heat the corresponding feet of the main flames.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 8, 1988
    Date of Patent: January 2, 1990
    Assignee: Sourdillon-Airindex
    Inventors: Jean-Bernard Le Monnier de Gouville, Bernard Dane
  • Patent number: 4841999
    Abstract: The brake drum cleaner assembly includes a water hose, and a unitary spray adapter of plastic or the like releasably connected by a clamp or the like to the water hose. The adapter has a rear tubular stem portion inserted in one end of the hose and connected to a front expended spray head portion defining a plurality of water spray orifices. The front head portion can be cylindrical, spherical or anotehr shape and the orifices can be round, elongated, curved, etc. The exterior of the rear stem portion of the adapter may be convoluted, stepped, etc., to facilitate anchoring in the water hose. A water pulsator can be connected to the rear end of the adapter to cause water passing through the adapter to pulse outer the orifices for improved cleaning. The method includes drilling a hole through a brake backing plate, then passing the rear stem portion of the adapter out therethrough and connecting to the water hose, while leaving the spray front head portion within the drum cavity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 21, 1987
    Date of Patent: June 27, 1989
    Inventor: Donald Danko
  • Patent number: 4828178
    Abstract: An improved method and apparatus for producing an disbursing uniform liquid or melt droplets employing a core-fed rotating sprayer having multiple tiers of orifices.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 29, 1987
    Date of Patent: May 9, 1989
    Assignee: Hoechst Celanese Corporation
    Inventors: Richard O. Tucker, Richard D. Rierson, Jr.
  • Patent number: 4813598
    Abstract: Snow making apparatus includes a blower for establishing a high volume air flow and a nucleator disposed in the air flow for generating a spray of frozen nuclei. A plurality of water injection nozzles are disposed substantially within and encircling substantially all of the air flow and are selectively actuatable to inject the spray of water into the air stream. Freezing of this spray is initiated by the nuclei at a point remote from the apparatus so as to produce snow.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 17, 1987
    Date of Patent: March 21, 1989
    Assignee: Mt. Holly, Inc.
    Inventors: Joseph F. Kosik, Sr., Bruce M. Firestone
  • Patent number: 4802535
    Abstract: A fire-fighting tool having a perforated pointed forward end is designed to automatically maintain its water-emitting portions in place within the interior of a burning building, without manual attention thereto, after the wall or roof of such a building have been pierced with same. Rearwardly directed ports are carefully arranged so as to produce non-intersecting streams of water. These ports emit water under high pressure when the pointed heavy tool is attached to a fire hose and serve to extinguish the fire at the inner surface of the outside wall, and at the same time prevent the tool from being ejected rearwardly, which would be the normal result of the passage of water under high pressure from the fire hose through such a tool.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 27, 1987
    Date of Patent: February 7, 1989
    Inventor: Arlan N. Bakke
  • Patent number: 4757801
    Abstract: Flat type gas burner with a body having a central vertical passage and a cap which define between them an annular convergent-divergent duct supplying flame orifices in the annular foot of the cap. The burner comprises an enclosure into which opens a flame orifice conferring on the mixture a flow speed identical with that of the other orifices. The volume of the enclosure permits an expansion of the mixture substantially to static pressure. The outlet aperture of the enclosure confers on the mixture a speed of flow 7 to 12 times less than that of the other orifices.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 11, 1987
    Date of Patent: July 19, 1988
    Assignee: Sourdillon-Airindex
    Inventors: Jean-Bernard Le Monnier de Gouville, Bernard Dane
  • Patent number: 4722480
    Abstract: Improved water discharge devices mountable on the bottom of standard downspouts. The front of the devices contain holes through which water is discharged while the back or interior of the devices certain slanted or angled surfaces which act to increase the water pressure by deflecting and directing water out the holes for wider distribution over the ground without gouging caused by standard downspouts. A slidably raisable back door is provided at the bottom of the device for removing debris from the devices if necessary. A de-clogging section which is mounted upstream of the discharge device, consisting of a screen and a deflector plate, removes leaves and other debris from rainwater passing through the downspout before such debris reaches the bottom discharge devices.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 24, 1986
    Date of Patent: February 2, 1988
    Assignee: Vermar Corporation
    Inventor: Vernon C. Hogeland
  • Patent number: 4715194
    Abstract: An ice making machine includes a freezing plate having one surface placed in contact with an evaporator and the other surface serving as a freezing surface, and a water distributor for spraying water over the freezing surface. The water distributor comprises a pipe having a number of spaced orifices formed along the longitudinal direction of the pipe. Water is sprayed over the freezing surface. A dry zone or zone on which no water is sprayed is formed on the freezing surface at a location corresponding in position to the region of the one surface provided with the evaporator. Formation of ice starts from the boundary defining the dry zone, as the dry zone is inherently colder than the area on which water is sprayed, and a solid ice nucleus for propagating ice is formed therein, and proceeds to an ice slab over the whole freezing surface except the dry zone.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 23, 1986
    Date of Patent: December 29, 1987
    Assignee: Hoshizaki Electric Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Yoshikazu Kito
  • Patent number: 4666104
    Abstract: A combination lift and thrust device for increasing the performance of an aircraft by simultaneously reducing drag and augmenting the thrust of a turbojet engine carried within the device. The device comprises a wing of generally airfoil shape having numerous geometrically spaced apertures penetrating its surface, a turbojet engine carried within the wing, an elongated exhaust plenum attached to the turbojet having a number of strategically positioned exhaust nozzles, and a mixing chamber having a forward opening and a rear nozzle also carried within the wing. The mixing chamber forward opening is cooperatively associated with the exhaust nozzles to form an ejector drawing air through the apertures in the wing into the forward opening, mixing the air with the exhaust gases from the turbojet to provide thrust augmentation, and exhausting the air and gas mixture from the rear nozzle of the mixing chamber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 22, 1985
    Date of Patent: May 19, 1987
    Inventor: Charles C. Kelber
  • Patent number: 4662546
    Abstract: A submerged nozzle for use in introducing molten metal below the surface of a molten metal pool in a flow-through continuous casting mold. The nozzle is tubular and has an upper end connected to a source of molten metal to be introduced to the mold for casting. The lower end of the nozzle is closed and adjacent this end are two molten metal outlet ports of equal diameter and in opposed relation with each being axially inclined upwardly at an angle of about 15.degree.. Four additional equal diameter molten metal outlet ports with a diameter of each being larger than the diameter of the said two molten metal outlet ports are positioned adjacent said lower end of the nozzle in diametrically opposed pairs with each pair being nonradial at an included angle of 30.degree. and inclined upwardly at an angle of about 15.degree..
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 30, 1985
    Date of Patent: May 5, 1987
    Assignee: Allegheny Ludlum Corporation
    Inventors: John E. Mosser, Daniel R. Flaherty, James R. Riedl
  • Patent number: 4604048
    Abstract: Methods and apparatus for combusting fuel-air mixtures while inhibiting the formation of nitrogen oxides are provided. The fuel is discharged from one or more nozzles disposed within a housing, air is caused to flow into the housing whereby it mixes with the fuel and the resulting fuel-air mixture is ignited and combusted. The nozzle or nozzles each include one or more ignition orifices for discharging a first portion of fuel in an ignition zone, one or more primary combustion orifices for discharging a second portion of fuel in a primary combustion zone containing excess air and one or more secondary combustion orifices arranged for discharging the remaining portion of fuel in the form of high velocity jets shielded by slower moving fuel within the downstream of the primary combustion zone whereby the fuel is burned in a secondary combustion zone substantially isolated from direct contact with incoming air by the primary combustion zone.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 6, 1985
    Date of Patent: August 5, 1986
    Assignee: John Zink Company
    Inventors: Robert E. Schwartz, Roger K. Noble
  • Patent number: 4582259
    Abstract: A method of forming a spray nozzle along a fluid conduit includes forming a hole into a length of tubing and then providing a countersink for the hole. A portion of the tubing is then depressed inwardly along an imaginary line along the tubing outer surface that is parallel to the central tube axis and that passes over the hole. An apparatus for carrying out the method is also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 12, 1984
    Date of Patent: April 15, 1986
    Assignee: Hobart Corporation
    Inventors: Richard D. Hoover, William H. McMahon
  • Patent number: 4582610
    Abstract: A well water aeration system removes volatile contaminants from well water pumped through the well pipe of a well into a building. An elongate spray conduit is spliced into the well pipe at a location below the top of the well but above the average static water level in the well. The spray conduit is formed with spray holes for spraying, aerating and recirculating a fractional portion of the well water pumped through the well pipe with the fractional portion of sprayed water falling back down the well. The spray holes are selected in number and diameter to maintain adequate pressure for continued pumping of the well water through the well pipe. A check valve at the upper end of the spray conduit stops the backflow of water from the building into the elongate spray conduit when pumping of well water through the well pipe stops.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 3, 1985
    Date of Patent: April 15, 1986
    Inventor: Martin Baker
  • Patent number: 4573638
    Abstract: The invention relates to an injection probe, particularly for the sulfur trioxide conditioning of flue gasses, comprising a tubular, closed-end outer casing, a manifold connected to a feed conduit and provided with radially projecting injector tubes, the ends of which project through openings in the outer casing, being disposed within the casing and at least partially surrounded by an insulating material, and a mounting flange connected to the outer casing for attachment of the injection probe. In a known injection probe of this type, employed for injecting sulfur trioxide at a high temperature into a flue gas stream having a lower temperature, there occur considerable heat losses between the supply inlet end of the injection probe and the ends of the injector tubes, resulting in damage to the injection probe, undesirable sedimentation and unsatisfactory operation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 15, 1984
    Date of Patent: March 4, 1986
    Assignee: Wahlco, Inc.
    Inventor: Gerd Junkers
  • Patent number: 4460130
    Abstract: An injector for a high temperature gas distribution means comprising a distribution manifold having a heat-resistant lining with a central passage therethrough, and a refractory-lined injector communicating with the distribution manifold. The injector includes a nozzle disposed external to the manifold having a central opening and an inlet extending from the nozzle to the central passage. The cross-sectional area of the central opening in the nozzle in the direction of flow is smaller at least at one point than that of the inlet such that a major portion of the pressure drop in the gas flowing from the central passage through the inlet and the nozzle is created by the nozzle. By disposing the nozzle external to the distribution manifold, the flow rate of gas through cracks in the heat resistant manifold lining is minimized.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 21, 1979
    Date of Patent: July 17, 1984
    Assignee: Exxon Research and Engineering Co.
    Inventors: George P. Baumann, James A. Zboray
  • Patent number: 4437708
    Abstract: A cutting device for a mining or tunnelling machine takes the form of a roller with cutter bits which rotates at the end of a movable arm as is known. Grooves in the roller receive plate-like components which support water spray nozzles radially within the extremities of the cutter bits. The support components are stationary but are adjustable about the axis of rotation of the roller to bring the nozzles into the appropriate location during operation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 3, 1982
    Date of Patent: March 20, 1984
    Assignee: Gewerkschaft Eisenhutte Westfalia
    Inventor: Wilhelm Stoltefuss
  • Patent number: 4399082
    Abstract: Blowdown device for steam power plants includes a tube extending into a volume of water, the tube being formed with a multiplicity of holes having a substantially uniform diameter for introducing, into the water, steam that is flowing in the tube, the holes being disposed in rows spaced one from another a distance equal to at least 2.5 times the diameter of the holes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 27, 1981
    Date of Patent: August 16, 1983
    Assignee: Kraftwerk Union Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Manfred Becker, Klaus Melchior, Leonhard Slegers
  • Patent number: 4391047
    Abstract: An attachment formed of a flexible material is provided for use with a hair dryer having an air discharge nozzle, the attachment being expandable in use from a collapsed position to an expanded shape. It comprises an imperforate funnel-shaped wall portion open at both ends, the small end being connectable to the air discharge nozzle. An outer end wall provided with outlet openings extends across the larger end of the funnel-shaped wall portion and is connectable thereto. Flexible strips situated within the funnel-shaped wall portion connect the central portion of the outer end wall to the small end of the funnel-shaped wall portion and serve to maintain the outer end wall in its expanded shape during use.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 17, 1980
    Date of Patent: July 5, 1983
    Assignee: U.S. Philips Corporation
    Inventors: Wilhelmus G. E. Janssens, Heinz Merges
  • Patent number: 4351478
    Abstract: An improved apparatus for cleaning large tanks and vessels, such as automotive and railway tank cars. A support frame has an air motor, a first gear box and a second gear box fixedly mounted thereon. A wash nozzle assembly is pivotedly attached to the support frame for movement in two directions. The air motor is operatively connected to the first gear box which, in turn, is operatively connected to the second gear box. Both the first gear box and the second gear box are operatively connected to the wash nozzle assembly to pivot the wash nozzle assembly in two directions, and thereby, direct cleaning liquid spray jets along both the longitudinal and latitudinal axes of the tank or vessel to be cleaned.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 18, 1980
    Date of Patent: September 28, 1982
    Inventor: Bruce T. Looper
  • Patent number: 4307842
    Abstract: A plurality of arcuate, secondary (fuel) nozzle members are juxtaposed, so that respective two of them define between them a curved, primary slit nozzle, producing a primary (oxidizer) expansion flow while the two flows mix downstream, predominantly transversely to the expansion. The nozzle members are mounted in the aperture of a plate; large-scale assemblies are described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 5, 1979
    Date of Patent: December 29, 1981
    Assignee: Rockwell International Corporation
    Inventor: Donald H. Morris
  • Patent number: 4244523
    Abstract: An improved apparatus for cleaning large tanks or vessels, such as automotive and railway tank cars. A tiltable frame having a wash nozzle assembly pivotedly mounted thereon is pivotedly mounted above a fixed support frame. The tiltable frame has, fixedly mounted thereon, an air motor which is operatively connected to a first gear box which, in turn, is operatively connected to a second gear box. The first gear box is operatively connected to the wash nozzle assembly to move said assembly back and forth along the longitudinal axis of the tank or vessel to be cleaned. The second gear box is operatively connected to the fixed support frame to tilt the tiltable frame and thereby move the wash nozzle in both directions along the latitudinal axis of the tank or vessel to be cleaned.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 15, 1979
    Date of Patent: January 13, 1981
    Inventor: Bruce T. Looper
  • Patent number: 4230279
    Abstract: A hair dryer attachment device for spreading and reducing the velocity of the air stream emitted from a hair dryer nozzle is disclosed. This substantially hollow device is narrower at one end than at the other end and is adapted at its narrower end for grasping a hair dryer nozzle. The wider end is fitted with a face plate containing apertures to allow an air stream to pass out of the device. The device also has a filter behind the face plate to provide resistance to the flow of air.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 8, 1979
    Date of Patent: October 28, 1980
    Assignee: Helene Curtis Industries, Inc.
    Inventor: John R. Forsberg