Plunger Interconnected Or Mounted Bypass Patents (Class 239/90)
  • Patent number: 9291138
    Abstract: A fuel injector control valve is provided that includes a drain circuit for directing the flow of fuel away from temperature sensitive components of a fuel injector in which the fuel injector control valve is positioned. The drain circuit includes at least one portion that directs drain fuel axially inward or toward a fuel injector orifice, and away from an actuator of the fuel injector.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 1, 2012
    Date of Patent: March 22, 2016
    Assignee: CUMMINS INC.
    Inventors: Corydon E. Morris, Paul D. Free
  • Patent number: 9133801
    Abstract: A fuel injector including an injection control device valve spring preload adjustment device is disclosed. The fuel injector includes a transverse access passage extending at an acute angle to a longitudinal axis of the fuel injector. The preload adjustment device includes at least one transverse slot that creates a cantilevered thread portion. The cantilevered thread portion is deformed at a deformation angle to a plane perpendicular to the longitudinal axis to form a locking feature.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 1, 2012
    Date of Patent: September 15, 2015
    Assignee: CUMMINS INC.
    Inventors: Corydon E. Morris, David M. Rix
  • Patent number: 9046066
    Abstract: A valve assembly for an injection valve and a method for assembling a valve assembly are provided. The valve assembly includes a valve body with a central longitudinal axis and having a cavity with a fluid inlet portion and a fluid outlet portion, an end portion being arranged at an axial end facing away from the fluid outlet portion, and a seat being arranged at an axial end of the valve body facing the fluid outlet portion. A valve needle is axially movable in the cavity and prevents a fluid flow through the fluid outlet portion in a closing position and releases the fluid flow through the flu-id outlet portion in further positions. The valve needle has an axial end facing away from the fluid outlet portion and facing the end portion, and a seat part resting on the seat of the valve body in the closing position. A contact area between the seat part and the seat of the valve body has a first outer diameter.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 10, 2011
    Date of Patent: June 2, 2015
    Assignee: CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE GMBH
    Inventors: Licia Del Frate, Ivano Izzo, Luca Matteucci, Marco Omeri
  • Patent number: 8807450
    Abstract: An injection system (1) for injecting fuel at a predetermined fuel pressure has: an actuator (2, 3) providing a stroke for lifting an injector needle (4) that opens a nozzle into which the fuel is injected; a leverage apparatus (5) for translating the provided stroke into a modified stroke, the apparatus has a compensating device (6) coupled to the actuator (2, 3), and a lever device (7), which is coupled to the injector needle (4), wherein the lever device has at least two symmetrically disposed, single-arm levers (8a, 8b), which each come in contact with an injector needle head (10) of the injector needle (4) when lifting the injector needle (4) by means of a single needle head support (9a, 9b); and wherein the compensating device (6) is suited to compensate a varying force application of the actuator (2, 3) on the single-arm lever (8a, 8b).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 2, 2006
    Date of Patent: August 19, 2014
    Assignee: Continental Automotive GmbH
    Inventor: Maximilian Kronberger
  • Patent number: 8366018
    Abstract: Oil intensified common rail injectors that combine a common-rail non-intensified injector with an oil-intensified injector. The invention also uses fuel (common rail) pumps that are commercially available since the injector does not rely on this pump for intensification function. Also, since the pressure of the fuel pump is limited to lower than the intensified pressure, the injected pressure is limited to the unit injector; this eases the rail and tube requirements to this lower fuel rail pressure. The injector operates up to this limited pressure with no intensification. Also a separate oil system is configured to operate a hydraulic intensifier. Thus the system is able to achieve very high injection pressure without common rail pump, rail, fitting and jumper tube limits. The oil system does not need to operate or run unless these elevated pressures are required. Embodiments using direct needle control are disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 16, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 5, 2013
    Assignee: Sturman Industries, Inc.
    Inventors: Daniel Donald Giordano, Tibor Kiss, James A. Peña, John Mathew Quinlan
  • Patent number: 8348176
    Abstract: Proposed is a fuel injector for injecting fuel into a combustion chamber of an internal combustion engine. The fuel injector has a housing in which are arranged an injection valve element with a nozzle needle, a pressure boosting device, and a first control valve, and a second control valve. The first control valve controls a control space of the nozzle needle and the second control valve controls a differential pressure space of the pressure boosting device. A first return flow connection is provided for discharging the control quantity of the control space of the nozzle needle, and a second return flow connection is provided for discharging the control quantity of the pressure boosting device. The two return flow connections are arranged on different housing parts of the housing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 3, 2008
    Date of Patent: January 8, 2013
    Assignee: Robert Bosch GmbH
    Inventors: Juergen Frasch, Heinz-Bernd Haiser, Christoph Butscher, Hans-Christoph Magel, Stephan Wehr
  • Patent number: 8342423
    Abstract: A fuel injection apparatus for an internal combustion engine includes a fuel supply passage and a valve arrangement for controlling fuel pressure within the fuel supply passage. The valve arrangement includes a valve member movable between an open position in which the fuel supply passage communicates with a low pressure fuel drain and a closed position in which communication between the fuel supply passage and the low pressure fuel drain is prevented. The valve arrangement comprises damping means for controlling and/or damping movement of the valve member between the closed and open positions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 14, 2005
    Date of Patent: January 1, 2013
    Assignee: Delphi Technologies Holding S.arl
    Inventors: Stephen K. Bowers, Anthony T Harcombe
  • Patent number: 8333064
    Abstract: In an exhaust gas purification apparatus for an internal combustion engine, reducing agent is diffused and the exhaust resistance is made small. The apparatus includes a reducing agent addition valve that injects reducing agent, a reducing agent addition valve mount portion that has a space in which the reducing agent addition valve injects the reducing agent outside a stream of exhaust gas flowing in an exhaust passage of an internal combustion engine and on which the reducing agent addition valve is mounted, and an impingement portion that is provided in the reducing agent addition valve mount portion and on which the reducing agent injected through the reducing agent addition valve impinges, wherein the direction of injection of the reducing agent from the reducing agent addition valve is oriented toward the impingement portion, and toward downstream of the reducing agent addition valve with respect to the exhaust gas flow.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 6, 2008
    Date of Patent: December 18, 2012
    Assignee: Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Yuki Bisaiji, Koichiro Fukuda, Mikio Inoue, Satoru Nitta, Kiyohiko Nagae
  • Patent number: 8028929
    Abstract: An arrangement for controlling the fuel supply in a fuel supply apparatus, which arrangement comprises a body part including a space, through which the fuel to be injected flows during the operation, and a fuel inlet opening and a fuel discharge opening, which open into said space, the arrangement further comprising a piston member movably arranged in said space and a flow path to provide flow communication between the fuel inlet opening and the fuel discharge opening. The arrangement comprises at least one throttle section opening to the front of the piston member in the flow direction of the fuel, the cross-sectional flow area of which section is determined by the mutual positions of the piston member and the body part.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 11, 2004
    Date of Patent: October 4, 2011
    Assignee: Wärtsilä Finland Oy
    Inventor: Kai Lehtonen
  • Patent number: 7950414
    Abstract: A valve chamber is defined in a valve body of the regulating check valve. A first communicating hole and a second communicating hole communicate the valve chamber with a first flow passage and with a the second flow passage, respectively. A valve element is slidably installed in the valve chamber to seat on or lift away from a valve seat to close or open the first communicating hole. A pressure in the first flow passage urges the valve element away from the valve seat, and a pressure in the second flow passage urges the valve element toward the valve seat. The spring is interposed between the valve element and the valve body to urge the valve element away from the valve seat.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 3, 2009
    Date of Patent: May 31, 2011
    Assignees: Denso Corporation, Nippon Soken, Inc.
    Inventors: Takashi Suzuki, Kouichi Mochizuki
  • Patent number: 7942349
    Abstract: A fuel injector body has a fuel chamber and a valve seat around a fuel outlet. A valve body is positioned at the valve seat and a valve stem extends through the fuel outlet and fuel chamber. Engagement (disengagement) of valve body and valve seat closes (opens) the injector. The fuel chamber can comprise primary and secondary chambers connected by a valve passage and a metering member that restricts fuel flow between the chambers, thereby providing a flow-dependent closing force that reduces the dependence of fuel flow through the injector on fuel inlet pressure and that makes that flow dependent on an injector actuating force. The injector body or the valve body can comprise a spray-shaping surface arranged at least partly around the valve seat, which spray-shaping surface is arranged to direct a spray of fuel flowing through the fuel outlet.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 24, 2009
    Date of Patent: May 17, 2011
    Inventor: Andrew E. Meyer
  • Patent number: 7926736
    Abstract: An apparatus for injecting fuel into an internal combustion engine having a fuel injector acted on with highly pressurized fuel actuated by means of a metering valve device that is able to control the pressure in a pressure booster control chamber so that in a pressure booster pressure chamber delimited by a pressure booster piston which can be filled via a check valve with high-pressure fuel and communicates with an injection valve member pressure chamber, the pressure booster piston increases the pressure, causing an injection valve member for injecting fuel to open.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 19, 2005
    Date of Patent: April 19, 2011
    Assignee: Robert Bosch GmbH
    Inventors: Achim Brenk, Hans-Christoph Magel, Volkmar Kern, Goran Kanis
  • Patent number: 7891579
    Abstract: A fuel injector injects high-pressure gaseous fuel directly into a cylinder of an engine. A small amount of liquid fuel is used in the injector to lubricate sliding portions of the fuel injector in addition to utilizing it as a medium for transmitting driving force. The fuel injector includes a nozzle member having injection holes at its elongated end and a needle slidably disposed in an elongated center hole of the nozzle member. The needle is driven by pressure of the liquid fuel introduced into a control chamber to open or close the injection holes. The pressure in the control chamber is controlled by a switching valve which is in turn driven by an actuator such as an electromagnetic or piezoelectric actuator. The liquid fuel is injected together with the high-pressure gaseous fuel after lubricating the sliding portions between the nozzle member and the needle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 10, 2008
    Date of Patent: February 22, 2011
    Assignee: Denso Corporation
    Inventors: Makoto Mashida, Masatoshi Kuroyanagi, Masaaki Kato, Kenji Funai
  • Patent number: 7866144
    Abstract: In an arrangement for the dosed injection of a reducing agent into the exhaust tract of an internal combustion engine, comprising a pump for the pulsed pumping of the reducing agent and an atomizing injection nozzle disposed in the exhaust tract of the internal combustion engine, the injection nozzle includes a valve element which opens and closes the injection nozzle depending on the pressure generated by the pump and permits the injection of the reducing agent into the exhaust tract only when the pressure of the reducing agent is in excess of a certain value in order to ensure proper atomization of any reducing agent injected into the exhaust tract.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 13, 2007
    Date of Patent: January 11, 2011
    Assignee: L'Orange GmbH
    Inventors: Leo Bakaj, Wilhelm Malitsky
  • Patent number: 7735757
    Abstract: A gaseous fuel injection valve includes: a valve housing; a metallic nozzle member having a flat valve seat and a nozzle bore passing through a central portion of the valve seat; a valve body provided at one end face with a rubber seating member which is operated in cooperation with the valve seat; a coil; and a return spring for urging a stationary core and the valve body toward the valve seat. The stationary core attracts the valve body to move the seating member away from the valve seat, when the coil is excited. In this injection valve, a fluorine resin valve seat coating is formed on the valve seat so that the seating member is brought into close contact with the valve seat coating. Thus, an oil-repellent property of the valve seat coating is provided to the valve seat to prevent adherence of oil to the valve seat, leading to an improvement in valve-opening response of the valve body upon the excitation of the coil.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 3, 2006
    Date of Patent: June 15, 2010
    Assignee: Keihin Corporation
    Inventors: Yoji Nakajima, Naoto Takiguchi, Takashi Yoshida
  • Publication number: 20100096473
    Abstract: A mechanically actuated electronically controlled fuel injector (MEUI) includes a first electrical actuator that controls the position of a spill valve, and a second electrical actuator to control pressure on a closing hydraulic surface associated with a directly operated needle valve. The fuel injector is actuated via rotation of a cam to move a plunger to displace fuel from a fuel pumping chamber either to a spill passage, or at high pressure out of a nozzle outlet of the fuel injector for an injection event. The minimum controllable fuel injection quantity, especially as it relates to small closely coupled post injections following a large main injection, is accomplished by the inclusion of a variable flow rate valve that restricts fluid flow from a needle control chamber toward a drain, but is relatively unrestricted to high pressure fluid flow toward the needle control chamber.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 20, 2008
    Publication date: April 22, 2010
    Inventors: Dana R. Coldren, Koti R. Padarthy, Michael E. Sattler, Victor I. Yacoub
  • Publication number: 20100078500
    Abstract: A fuel injection pump is provided. The fuel injection pump includes a barrel including an inner surface defining a bore. The fuel injection pump also includes a plunger movable inside the bore of the barrel. An outer surface of the plunger and the inner surface of the barrel form a clearance therebetween. One or more sleeves at least partially encircle one or more portions of an outer surface of the barrel, and are configured to apply a load to the outer surface of the barrel.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 30, 2008
    Publication date: April 1, 2010
    Inventor: Timur Trubnikov
  • Patent number: 7628344
    Abstract: A fuel injector assembly for an emissions-based EMD 710 locomotive dieselengine. The fuel injector assembly includes a needle slidably positioned within a bore of a valve body of the injector assembly, where fuel pressure introduced into a bore chamber causes the needle to open a spray tip. A spring mounted within the bore forces the needle to close the spray tip when the fuel is not being applied. The spring is a dead coil spring including inactive coils where at least portions of the coils at both ends of the spring are in intimate contact with each other so as to reduce spring wear during operation of the assembly. Because the dead coil spring has reduced wear, the VOP set point of the fuel injector assembly can be reduced, which reduces NOx emissions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 27, 2005
    Date of Patent: December 8, 2009
    Assignee: Electro-Motive Diesel, Inc.
    Inventors: Budhadeb Mahakul, Brent J. Valesano, Gary L. Cowden, Mike Smith
  • Patent number: 7464882
    Abstract: The fluid injection valve has a first and second valve bodies fastened to each other, to bring a first end face of the first valve body into an intimate contact with a second end face of the second valve body. A first fluid passage in the first valve body is communicated with a second fluid passage in the second valve body. The first end face has a first depressed portion thereon, and the second end face has a second depressed portion thereon to be communicated with the first depressed portion to form a cavity to surround the first and second fluid passages.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 26, 2006
    Date of Patent: December 16, 2008
    Assignee: Denso Corporation
    Inventor: Hiroyasu Kanamori
  • Publication number: 20080290188
    Abstract: A fuel injector for injecting fuel into a cylinder of an internal combustion engine includes an injector body and a needle valve. A feed passage (408) fluidly connects a needle chamber (402) with a source of high pressure fuel. The needle chamber (402) is formed in a needle housing (400) and has a centerline (X) extending along its length. The needle valve is located in the needle chamber (402). A collection cavity (410) is formed in the needle housing (400) and in fluid communication with the needle chamber (402). The collection cavity (410) is positioned between the needle chamber (402) and the feed passage (408). The collection cavity (410) is advantageously substantially symmetrical about a plane that is perpendicular to the centerline (X) of the needle chamber (402).
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 22, 2007
    Publication date: November 27, 2008
    Applicant: International Engine Intellectual Property Company, LLC
    Inventors: Russell P. Zukouski, Dean A. Oppermann
  • Publication number: 20080245891
    Abstract: In an injector, a first shaft portion of a needle is slidably supported by a first sleeves which is loosely received in a first internal chamber, and a second shaft portion of the needle is slidably supported in a body. Thereby, the first and second shaft portions are supported by the different members, and a relatively large clearance is formed on a radially outer side of the first sleeve.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 1, 2008
    Publication date: October 9, 2008
    Applicants: DENSO CORPORATION, NIPPON SOKEN, INC.
    Inventors: Kouichi Mochizuki, Moriyasu Gotoh
  • Patent number: 7347385
    Abstract: A fuel injection device for internal combustion engines, having a control valve located between high-pressure and low-pressure sides and which opens or blocks the communication of a control chamber with the low-pressure side, and an outlet throttle located between the control valve and the low-pressure side, the control valve having a first valve position, in which the communication of the control chamber with the low-pressure side is blocked, a second valve position, in which the control chamber communicates with the low-pressure side via a first outlet conduit, and a third valve position, in which the control chamber communicates with the low-pressure side via a second outlet conduit having an outlet throttle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 30, 2003
    Date of Patent: March 25, 2008
    Assignee: Robert Bosch GmbH
    Inventor: Friedrich Boecking
  • Patent number: 7309027
    Abstract: A fuel injector for injecting fuel that is at high pressure into a combustion chamber of an internal combustion engine has an injection valve member triggered by an actuator and a coupler chamber; the actuator acts on the injection valve member and the injection valve member opens or closes at least one injection opening. The coupler chamber is located on the side of the actuator diametrically opposite the injection valve member; and the coupler chamber is filled with fuel that is at system pressure when the injection opening is closed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 28, 2006
    Date of Patent: December 18, 2007
    Assignee: Robert Bosch GmbH
    Inventors: Hans-Christoph Magel, Friedrich Boecking
  • Patent number: 7252245
    Abstract: A fuel injection valve includes a valve member, a first stop member, a second stop member, a movable core, a fixed core, and a coil. The valve member opens and closes an injection nozzle. The first stop member protrudes radially outward from said valve member. The second stop member protrudes radially outward from said valve member. The movable core is sandwiched between said first and second stop members. The movable core and one of said first and second stop members defines a fuel chamber. The fixed core is axially displaced from said movable core. The coil causes reciprocal axial displacement of said valve member such that said movable core axially reciprocates toward and away from said fixed core therewith.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 2, 2005
    Date of Patent: August 7, 2007
    Assignee: DENSO Corporation
    Inventor: Toyoji Nishiwaki
  • Patent number: 7210639
    Abstract: A fuel injector having an injection valve connected to a high-pressure source and a control valve including a control piston guided in a valve body and comprising a pressure piston section having a first pressure surface guided in a bush and a control piston section with a sliding seal that has a control edge; the bush is contained in a pressure chamber of the valve body. In a first valve position, a sealing seat of the control piston disconnects a valve chamber from a low-pressure/return system and in a second valve position, the control edge of the control piston disconnects the pressure chamber from the valve chamber; in the second valve position, a connection is simultaneously produced between the valve chamber and the low-pressure/return system, thus initiating an actuation of the fuel injection valve. The control piston section with the control edge is guided in a control cylinder that is contained in the pressure chamber of the valve body and is separate from the bush.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 30, 2005
    Date of Patent: May 1, 2007
    Assignee: Robert Bosch GmbH
    Inventor: Hans-Christoph Magel
  • Patent number: 7204433
    Abstract: A fuel injection valve has: a tubular body, a valve seat member, a valve body, a core tube, a bias spring, and an electromagnetic actuator. The core tube is press fitted into the tubular body. The core tube has a first end side opposing an absorption section of the valve body in such a manner as to form an axial gap interposed between the first end side of the core tube and the absorption section. The core tube has a second end side axially extending in the tubular body to a certain position on a way to the second end side of the tubular body. The axially extending second end side of the core tube has an outer periphery which is formed with a reduced diameter section for increasing an accuracy in positioning the core tube when the core tube is press fitted into the tubular body.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 12, 2004
    Date of Patent: April 17, 2007
    Assignee: Unisia Jecs Corporation
    Inventors: Takayuki Kobayashi, Hideo Kato
  • Patent number: 7185828
    Abstract: A supplying unit supplies energy to an actuator so that the supplied energy is kept therein, making displacement the actuator. An interrupting unit interrupts the supply of energy to cause the actuator to discharge the kept energy, making displacement the actuator. A converting unit is adapted to convert the displacement of the actuator corresponding to the kept energy into hydraulic pressure applied to the valve member, moving the valve member to open the low pressure port and close the high pressure port. The convert unit converts the displacement of the actuator corresponding to the discharged energy into hydraulic pressure applied to the valve member, moving the valve member to open the high pressure port and close the low pressure port. Energy which the actuator requires to move the valve member so as to close the high pressure port is larger than energy which the actuator requires to move the valve member so as to open the low pressure port.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 25, 2004
    Date of Patent: March 6, 2007
    Assignee: Denso Corporation
    Inventors: Toshihiko Igashira, Satoshi Hayashi
  • Patent number: 7108200
    Abstract: Fuel injectors and methods of fuel injection allowing direct control of the flow of fuel at an intensified pressure to the needle. A valve, typically a spool valve, is placed in the fuel passage between the intensifier actuation piston and the needle, and controlled by a control valve which may be independent of the control valve controlling the coupling of actuation fluid and a vent to the intensifier actuation piston. This allows achievement of intensification before initiating injection, and control of multiple injections in a single injection event while maintaining fuel intensification throughout the duration of the injection event. Various embodiments are disclosed, including embodiments having multiple intensifiers, having control of pressure over the needle, having two stage control valve systems for control of intensifier actuation fluid, and combining control of one of the intensifiers and the valve controlling flow of intensified fuel to the needle for injection.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 28, 2004
    Date of Patent: September 19, 2006
    Assignee: Sturman Industries, Inc.
    Inventor: Oded E. Sturman
  • Patent number: 7104464
    Abstract: A fuel supply method for a fuel injection device including a fuel injection unit, comprising: supplying fuel to a first fuel injection member of the fuel injection unit through a first fuel supply passage internally formed in a holding-and-supplying unit holding the fuel injection unit; and supplying fuel to a second fuel injection member of the fuel injection unit through a second fuel supply passage internally formed in the holding-and-supplying unit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 26, 2004
    Date of Patent: September 12, 2006
    Assignee: Kawasaki Jukogyo Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Masayoshi Kobayashi, Hiroyuki Ninomiya, Hiroaki Miyamoto, Takeo Oda
  • Patent number: 7097114
    Abstract: The present disclosure provides a self-cleaning injector nozzle or other fluid conduit that maintains deposits at a low level by sonic tuning the shock wave generated during fluid flow through that nozzle or conduit. Methods of producing an injector nozzle and a method of cleansing deposits from liquid or gaseous fluids are also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 4, 2004
    Date of Patent: August 29, 2006
    Assignee: Afton Chemical Corporation
    Inventor: Allen A. Aradi
  • Patent number: 7097115
    Abstract: A fuel injector regulator having combined initial injection and peak injection pressure regulation. The fuel injector regulator includes a rate shaping valve movably supported within a valve bore between a closed position and an open position to regulate a rate of injected fuel. The regulator further includes a waste gate valve having a body movably supported within a bore of the rate shaping valve and between a closed position and an open position to regulate the pressure of injected fuel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 3, 2004
    Date of Patent: August 29, 2006
    Assignee: Detroit Diesel Corporation
    Inventors: He Jiang, Gerald Gaydek
  • Patent number: 7083113
    Abstract: A fuel injection apparatus for injecting fuel into the combustion chambers of an internal combustion engine. includes a high pressure accumulator, a pressure booster, and a metering valve. The pressure booster includes a working chamber and a control chamber that are separated from each other by an axially movable piston. A pressure change in the control chamber produces a pressure change in a compression chamber that acts on a nozzle chamber via a fuel inlet. The nozzle chamber encompasses a nozzle needle. A nozzle spring chamber that acts on the injection valve element can be filled on the high-pressure side via a line that leads from the compression chamber and contains an inlet throttle restriction. On the outlet side, the nozzle spring chamber is connected to a chamber of the pressure booster via a line that contains an outlet throttle restriction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 9, 2003
    Date of Patent: August 1, 2006
    Assignee: Robert Bosch GmbH
    Inventors: Martin Kropp, Hans-Christoph Magel, Manfred Mack, Christian Grimminger
  • Patent number: 7044400
    Abstract: A solenoid end cap assembly having a flat mating surface. The flat mating surface is a single planar mating surface and is designed to mate with a substantially flat mating surface of a valve control body. The solenoid, housed within the solenoid end cap, does not protrude past the flat surface and may form part of the substantially flat mating surface of the solenoid end cap. The flat mating surfaces of the valve control body and the solenoid end cap assembly eliminates the need for ring dowels in the assembly between the solenoid and the valve control body. This reduces manufacturing costs and assembly time. The flat mating surfaces also provide a uniform mounting surface for the solenoid from injector to injector. This increases performance characteristics, as well as increases thermal conductivity and magnetic conductivity characteristics.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 3, 2002
    Date of Patent: May 16, 2006
    Assignee: Siemens Diesel Systems Technology
    Inventor: Martin Luedicke
  • Patent number: 7025285
    Abstract: A fire sprinkler discharge control device for preventing fluids from being emitted from a fire sprinkler without having to turn off a fluid supply to the fire sprinkler. The control device may be formed from one or more bladders adapted to contain a fluid and one or more valves for passing fluids into and out of the bladder. The bladder may be adapted to fit between a support structure of a fire sprinkler and an exhaust port. Once in position, the bladder may be inflated to cut off fluid flow from an exhaust port of the fire sprinkler.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 21, 2003
    Date of Patent: April 11, 2006
    Assignee: University of Florida Research Foundation, Inc.
    Inventors: Jordan R. Silverstein, Alejandro Serrano
  • Patent number: 7007860
    Abstract: A fuel injector in an engine includes a spring cavity, a piston, a plunger, a spring, a fuel cavity, and a stop plate. The piston is hydraulically controlled to force the plunger down to compress fuel in the fuel cavity. However, under certain conditions, the plunger can contact the stop plate and/or the spring can become overcompressed. Both of these conditions can cause damage to the fuel injector. The present invention locates a pressure equalization channel in such a way as to dampen the motion of the piston to prevent this damage to the fuel injector.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 30, 2002
    Date of Patent: March 7, 2006
    Assignee: Caterpillar Inc.
    Inventors: Tan Dongming, Thomas R. McClure, Scott R. Schuricht, Wang Yongxin
  • Patent number: 6994273
    Abstract: A fuel injection valve for an internal combustion engine which includes an axially moveable needle-like injection valve member 10 mounted in a tubular housing 2. A control element 22 with a control passage 25 is mounted in the upper end portion of the housing, and a valve element 21, 41, 46 is mounted for movement below the control element. A control chamber 20 is formed below the valve element, and a control piston 18 which is formed at the upper end of the valve member 10 bounds the lower side of the control chamber. A throttle passage 26, 42, 47 in the valve element is connected via a throttle constriction between the control passage 25 in the control element 22 and the control chamber 20. A throttle inlet 33, which is formed in the valve element 21 or in a sleeve 19 which laterally bounds the control chamber, is connected between a high pressure chamber 9 in the housing and the control chamber 20 without passage through an intermediate throttle point.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 18, 2004
    Date of Patent: February 7, 2006
    Assignee: CRT Common Rail Technologies, AG
    Inventors: Marco Ganser, Markus Tappolet, Andreas Carelli
  • Patent number: 6978943
    Abstract: A flow controller assembly for use with a hydraulically-actuated, electrically-controlled fuel injector, includes a flow controller fluidly disposable intermediate an injector control valve assembly and an injector intensifier assembly for controlling flow of actuating fluid to and from the intensifier assembly to effect rate shaping of an injectable quantity of fuel and to effect a reduction of noise generated by the stopping of return motion of an intensifier piston. A fuel injector and a method of controlling an intensifier piston are also included.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 30, 2002
    Date of Patent: December 27, 2005
    Assignee: International Engine Intellectual Property Company, LLC
    Inventors: Zhengbai Liu, Xinqun Gui, Puning Wei
  • Patent number: 6974089
    Abstract: An injector has two interconnected main sections, a body section and an injector section. The injector section is connected to the body section by way of a form lock, and the connection is produced by a partial material connection. The injector is preferably suitable for use in a fuel-injection device for an internal combustion engine.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 5, 2004
    Date of Patent: December 13, 2005
    Assignee: Siemens Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Martin Neumaier, Karin Wels
  • Patent number: 6945479
    Abstract: A stroke-controlled valve as a fuel metering device of an injection system for internal combustion engines has a valve body with a valve seat and a valve needle which is actuatable in the valve body counter to the resistance of a valve needle restoring spring and which has a sealing edge that cooperates with the valve seat. A coupling body with a greater mass than the valve needle is disposed in the valve body, in the axial extension of the valve needle, and is movable coaxially to the valve needle and is actuatable by the valve needle during the opening stroke of the valve needle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 4, 2003
    Date of Patent: September 20, 2005
    Assignee: Robert Bosch GmbH
    Inventors: Peter Boehland, Godehard Nentwig
  • Patent number: 6840466
    Abstract: A hydraulic control valve for a fuel injector for an automotive engine, which includes a piezoelectric actuator and a hydraulic valve mechanism. The hydraulic valve mechanism converts a mechanical deformation of the piezoelectric actuator produced as a result of application of a voltage into a hydraulic pressure to move a valve member for opening and closing a fluid port. The hydraulic valve mechanism is so designed that the piezoelectric actuator produces a maximum output force which works to develop the hydraulic pressure when opening the fluid port through the valve member and decreases after the fluid port is opened and which is set smaller than one-half of a maximum possible output force of the piezoelectric actuator under application of a maximum working voltage to said piezoelectric actuator, thereby ensuring a maximum movement of the valve member at high energy efficiency under application of the voltage within a working voltage range.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 27, 2001
    Date of Patent: January 11, 2005
    Assignee: Denso Corporation
    Inventors: Toshihiko Igashira, Satoshi Hayashi
  • Patent number: 6752325
    Abstract: An injection nozzle of a stroke-controlled fuel injection device has a control chamber for triggering a nozzle needle and also has a nozzle chamber connectable to a pressure booster. The communication between a differential chamber of the pressure booster and a leakage line and the communication between a control chamber and a leakage line are controllable with the aid of a common valve.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 20, 2001
    Date of Patent: June 22, 2004
    Assignee: Robert Bosch GmbH
    Inventors: Martin Kropp, Hans-Christoph Magel, Wolfgang Otterbach
  • Patent number: 6736331
    Abstract: A valve for controlling fluids, having an inflow line and a leak fuel line, which each communicate with a pressure chamber. A piston element is adjustable by a control element and opens and closes a first passage between the inflow line and the pressure chamber. The piston element has a slide element, which is disposed directly at the seat of the piston element. The stroke length of the slide element for opening the first passage is greater than or equal to the stroke length for closing a second passage between the pressure chamber and the leak fuel line.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 15, 2002
    Date of Patent: May 18, 2004
    Assignee: Robert Bosch GmbH
    Inventor: Friedrich Boecking
  • Patent number: 6729553
    Abstract: The invention relates to a device for injecting a fluid, which is at high pressure, through an injection nozzle and an externally actuated actuating device received with prestressing on a pump element. In the pump element, a control element triggerable by a magnetic actuator is received, with which high-pressure lines can be made to communicate with one another. The control element is assigned two spring means, which generate a closing force that on the high-pressure side closes the control edge of the switchable control element and/or open a control edge to a low-pressure chamber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 24, 2000
    Date of Patent: May 4, 2004
    Assignee: Robert Bosch GmbH
    Inventor: Jaroslaw Hlousek
  • Patent number: 6715694
    Abstract: An oil activated fuel injector control valve which reduces bouncing of the spool and an impact of the spool on an open coil. This eliminates shot by shot variations in the fuel injector as well as increasing the efficiency of the fuel injector. The fuel injector includes a valve control body which has a vent holes which prevent air from mixing with the working fluid. In this manner, the working fluid does not have to compress and/or dissolve the air in the working ports prior to acting on the piston and plunger mechanism in an intensifier body of the fuel injector.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 6, 2001
    Date of Patent: April 6, 2004
    Assignee: Siemens Diesel Systems Technology
    Inventor: Jens Gebhardt
  • Patent number: 6663014
    Abstract: The movement of the intensifier piston in a fuel injector, to control the pressurization of fuel, can be controlled with a flow control valve. The flow control valve provides different flow rates depending upon the direction of flow. In a first direction, flow control valve has a first rate of flow and in the second direction flow control valve allows a second different rate of flow. Typically, this can be applied to a intensifier piston as follows: flow traveling to the intensifier piston, in the first direction, has a first flow rate, allowing the intensifier to move downward and pressurize fuel. When injection is over, and the intensifier piston is vented, the flow control valve allows a second flow rate which is greater than the first flow rate, allowing the intensifier piston to vent quickly and reset for another injection.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 28, 2002
    Date of Patent: December 16, 2003
    Assignee: Caterpillar Inc
    Inventors: Jeff Depayva, Scott Schuricht, Senthil Rajagopalan, Glenn Wells
  • Patent number: 6631853
    Abstract: An oil activated fuel injector control valve which substantially eliminates captured air within working fluid of the fuel injector. This eliminates shot by shot variations in the fuel injector as well as increasing the efficiency of the fuel injector. The fuel injector includes a control valve body which has vent holes which prevent air from mixing with the working fluid. In this manner, the working fluid does not have to compress and/or dissolve the air in the working ports prior to acting on the piston and plunger mechanism in an intensifier body of the fuel injector.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 9, 2001
    Date of Patent: October 14, 2003
    Assignee: Siemens Diesel Systems Technologies, LLC
    Inventors: Martin Lenk, Bernd Niethammer
  • Patent number: 6561436
    Abstract: A fuel injector (1), particularly an injection valve for fuel-injection systems of internal combustion engines, has a piezoelectric or magnetostrictive actuator (16). By way of a valve needle (5), the actuator (16) actuates a valve-closure member (4), which interacts with a valve-seat surface (7) to form a sealing seat. The actuator (16) has a tubular design, and encircles a transmission piston (19) that acts on a hydraulic transmission device (27).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 9, 2001
    Date of Patent: May 13, 2003
    Assignee: Robert Bosch GmbH
    Inventor: Friedrich Boecking
  • Patent number: 6527198
    Abstract: The fuel injection valve (16) has an injection valve member (24), by which at least one injection opening (26) is controlled. The motion of the injection valve member (24) is varied by a control valve (18) that has a control valve member (54) by which the pressure in a control pressure chamber (50) is controlled in that the control valve member controls a relief chamber (46) in a closing piston (42) that defines the control pressure chamber (50) and that by means of the pressure prevailing in the control pressure chamber (50) urges the injection valve member (24) in its closing direction. The control valve member (54) is displaceable via a hydraulic boost by a piezoelectric actuator (78), as a result of which the piezoelectric actuator opens or closes the relief chamber (46).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 6, 2001
    Date of Patent: March 4, 2003
    Assignee: Robert Bosch GmbH
    Inventor: Wolfgang Stoecklein
  • Patent number: 6520423
    Abstract: A piezoelectric actuated fuel injector is provided for use in conjunction with an internal combustion engine. The fuel injector includes a piezoelectric actuator for actuating an injector valve, and a hydraulic assembly for interfacing between the piezoelectric actuator and the injector valve, where the injector valve axially separates from a discharge outlet in response to longitudinal expansion of the piezoelectric actuator, thereby allowing fuel flow from the fuel injector.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 13, 2000
    Date of Patent: February 18, 2003
    Assignee: Delphi Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Giulio Angel Ricci-Ottati, Russell Harmon Bosch
  • Patent number: 6517011
    Abstract: A fuel injector pressurizes fuel in a pressurization chamber and ejects the fuel from an orifice. A reverse flow check valve allows fluid communication between the pressurization chamber and the orifice during fuel injection, but blocks fluid communication between the pressurization chamber and the orifice when fuel pressure in the pressurization chamber decreases.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 13, 2000
    Date of Patent: February 11, 2003
    Assignee: Caterpillar Inc
    Inventors: Sudhindra K. Ayanji, Ye Tian