Horizontal Axis Patents (Class 241/163)
  • Patent number: 9546351
    Abstract: A method and system for processing biomass. The method uses an apparatus with a housing, a rotor inside of the housing, and a plurality of protrusions extending from the rotor. The method includes placing the biomass in a fluid medium, inducing cavitation within the fluid to partially separate the biomass, sending the biomass and fluid into the housing, rotating the rotor to further separate the biomass, heating the biomass and fluid, and maintaining the acidity of the fluid and biomass at a pH of between approximately 2 to 6. The system includes apparatus each having a housing and a rotor within the housing. One apparatus has abutting, alternating height protrusions extending from the rotor. Another apparatus has grooves formed in the rotor and an end wall of the housing. Another apparatus has two rows of protrusions extending from the rotor that are spaced apart no less than approximately 6 millimeters.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 12, 2010
    Date of Patent: January 17, 2017
    Inventors: Fernando Roberto Paz Briz, Fernando Roberto Paz Alcazar
  • Patent number: 8500048
    Abstract: An apparatus for drying and powderizing organic material. The apparatus includes at least one chamber including: an intake adapted to receive warm air and the material into the at least one chamber, and an outlet adapted to transport warm air and powder out of the at least one chamber; at least one rotatable drive shaft in the at least one chamber adapted to rotated; and at least one blade assembly on the at least one drive shaft. The blade assembly includes a blade hub about the rotatable drive shaft and at least one blade coupled to the blade hub, wherein the at least one blade is adapted to powderize the material to expose a surface of the material to the warm air so that moisture in the material evaporates into the warm air.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 14, 2009
    Date of Patent: August 6, 2013
    Assignee: Cake Energy, LLC
    Inventor: Patrick Potter
  • Patent number: 8444073
    Abstract: A continuous kneading apparatus including: a stationary portion having an internal space where matter is conveyed; a rotary disc member and a screw member which are configured to convey the matter in the internal space; a drive shaft member to which the rotary disc member and the screw member are fixed; and a cooling medium passage through which a cooling medium passes, wherein the cooling medium passage is provided for the screw member which is placed upstream of the rotary disc member with respect to the conveyance direction of the matter, wherein the cooling medium passing in the cooling medium passage is lower in temperature than the matter passing in the internal space, and wherein the matter passes in the internal space while provided with shear force by rotation of the drive shaft member and thus continuously kneaded, and while cooled by the cooling medium.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 14, 2010
    Date of Patent: May 21, 2013
    Assignee: Ricoh Company, Ltd.
    Inventors: Masahiro Kawamoto, Tetsuya Tanaka, Kenta Kenjoh, Satoshi Izumi, Ippei Muneoka
  • Patent number: 7954740
    Abstract: A nano grinding and dispersing assembly has a raw material feeder, a liquid supply unit connecting to the delivering pipe of the raw material feeder, a gas supply unit connecting to the delivering pipe of the raw material feeder, a pressure equalized assembly and a subsequent treatment plant. The raw material feeder has a feeding pipe connecting to the raw material feeder and a delivering pipe connecting to the raw material feeder. The pressure equalized assembly has a pressure equalizer, a pressurized feeding pipe, a gas-liquid separator, a pressure gage and a first grinding device. The first grinding device connects and communicates with the pressure equalizer and has at least one ground fluid outlet. The subsequent treatment plant connects the ground fluid outlet of the first grinding device. Therefore, the present invention completely mixes, grinds and disperses fluid to make the fluid homogeneous.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 12, 2009
    Date of Patent: June 7, 2011
    Assignee: Rosace International Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Kuo Kang Chen
  • Patent number: 5921480
    Abstract: The present invention provides an industrial grinding machine and method of grinding by shredding between stationary cutters and rotating cutters placed within a plurality of cutting units, each cutting unit having a blunt stationary cutter and a blunt rotating cutter, which are spaced apart, without the use of sharpened knife blades.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 26, 1998
    Date of Patent: July 13, 1999
    Assignee: Grindtech Investments
    Inventor: Reiner Wenzel
  • Patent number: 5673861
    Abstract: An apparatus for converting unconsolidated medical waste into medical waste residue. A horizontal shaft supports revolving cutter blades having teeth which intermesh with teeth on stationary cutter blades. The rotating shaft forces the medical waste into contact with the cutting region between the revolving and stationary teeth to generate medical waste residue, and blades transport the medical waste residue toward a discharge. A first stage cutter can make an initial cut on the unconsolidated medical waste, and a second stage cutter can further reduce the particle size of the medical waste residue. A disinfectant or sterilant can be introduced into contact with the medical waste to convert infectious waste into nonhazardous medical waste residue.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 17, 1996
    Date of Patent: October 7, 1997
    Inventor: Charles Miller
  • Patent number: 5564635
    Abstract: According to the present invention there are provided a method and an apparatus capable of disintegrating used paper into long pulp fibers without tearing it mechanically. In the apparatus, a wall surface having an undulating section is formed on an inner side of a gas flow path, with a current of air having a velocity component parallel to the wall surface and a velocity component perpendicular to and striking against the wall surface is allowed to pass through the gas flow path. Finely cut used paper pieces are allowed to pass through the gas flow path while being carried by the air current. The parallel velocity component of the air current is set at 40 m or more. An impeller is mounted within a circular casing body having an inlet port and an outlet port, and undulating teeth are formed on the inner peripheral surface of the circular casing body. The used paper, which is sucked in from the above inlet port together with the air current, is cut beforehand into pieces.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 28, 1994
    Date of Patent: October 15, 1996
    Assignee: Kabushiki Kaisha Kobe Seiko Sho
    Inventors: Mitsuo Terada, Satoshi Kiyose, Tetsuro Matsumoto, Hiroyuki Tanaka, Takeshi Inaba, Hisanori Shimakura, Hirokazu Shiota
  • Patent number: 5398877
    Abstract: Apparatus for reducing particulate materials such as paper-making pulp, including a housing defining a working chamber having an inlet and an outlet for flow of particulate material therethrough. There is a rotary shaft supported in said housing, and rotors and stators are mounted on the shaft within said working chamber. Radially extending annular rigid refining surfaces are mounted on the outer portions of the rotor plates and stator plates and the rotor plates and stator plates provide complementary rigid refining surfaces mounted in the chamber and cooperating in confronting relation with the refining surfaces so that in the relative rotation of the refining surfaces particulate material flowing through the working chamber and between the refining surfaces is refined. The refining surfaces are capable of having a wobbling motion with respect to the portions of the plates mounted on the shaft.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 9, 1993
    Date of Patent: March 21, 1995
    Assignee: Global Technologies Group
    Inventor: Kong Xiangzhi
  • Patent number: 5361457
    Abstract: A device for de-linting cotton seeds is described that is of simple construction, does not damage the seeds and is antipolluent. The device comprises a unit provided with super-imposed discs spaced by a distance of the same order as the larger dimension of an at least partially linted cotton seed, the upper disc being fixed and the lower disc being rotary. Seeds are fed through a central opening in the upper disc and subject to friction between the discs as they migrate outwardly to the periphery where they are discharged and the lint removed is expelled from the device by an exhaustor. The lower discs are coated with a relatively rough surfaced rubber-like material and the lower discs are coated with a similar material formed with a plurality of finger-like projections whereby the seeds are subject to coarse friction from the lower disc while their toward migration is controlled by the retaining fingers. The device may have a plurality of such units in series.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 16, 1993
    Date of Patent: November 8, 1994
    Inventors: Wladimir P. Gordo, Mario de Souza N. Pitta
  • Patent number: 4844350
    Abstract: Apparatus for processing elsatomeric material, comprising two shafts mounted for rotation in a housing in end bearings and carrying therebetween two gear pairs in cavities in the housing. A channel connects the gear meshing side of the first gear pair with a space adjacent the second gear pair centrally opposite the gear meshing sides thereof. The elastomer is taken in through openings adjacent the first gear pair, and is pumped through two gear pumps connected in series, and discharged from the pressure side of the latter located at the gear meshing point thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 15, 1985
    Date of Patent: July 4, 1989
    Assignee: Jochnick & Norrman Press AB
    Inventor: Gosta Larsson
  • Patent number: 4830293
    Abstract: A homogenizing apparatus has a number of grinding units made up of rotatable grinding members mounted in sequence on a drive shaft and corresponding fixed grinding members connected in sequence and supported only by the support frame which rotatably supports the drive shaft. The grinding surface of each rotatable grinding member opposes the grinding surface of a corresponding fixed grinding member, thereby forming a number of grinding zones. The raw material to be ground passes through all of the grinding zones in sequence. Complex pairs of grinding members can be added or removed to achieve the desired degree of grinding.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 29, 1988
    Date of Patent: May 16, 1989
    Assignee: Tokushu Kika Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Akira Furuichi, Yasutoshi Manii
  • Patent number: 4819881
    Abstract: The refiner for processing a fiber stock suspension for paper fabrication comprises at least one substantially planar grinding disc equipped with a conventional set of grinding tools. This substantially planar grinding disc coacts with a perforated plate. The perforations or holes of the perforated plate are provided at a side of the perforations or holes which confronts the grinding disc with grinding edges suitable for achieving a desired refinement processing or treatment of the fiber stock suspension. These perforations or holes experience a force flow of the fiber stock suspension through such perforations or holes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 7, 1987
    Date of Patent: April 11, 1989
    Assignee: Sulzer-Escher Wyss GmbH
    Inventor: Paul-Wilhelm Sepke
  • Patent number: 4700900
    Abstract: A paper pulp refiner for refining high consistency stock characterized by two virtually identical refining zones connected in series which have an interstage device to remove excess steam and whose axial loads can be varied independently thus producing two stage pump from a single refiner.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 17, 1985
    Date of Patent: October 20, 1987
    Assignee: Hymac Ltd.
    Inventor: Stephen A. Rowland
  • Patent number: 4694993
    Abstract: A crushing and washing apparatus for ballast and sand having a cylinder barrel on a base member, the barrel being formed at its one end with a feed port, at its other end with a discharge port, and therebetween with a water filling port, a sleeve fitted onto a rotary shaft extending near to the discharge port of the barrel being arranged thereon with agitating wings, the discharge port of the barrel being reciprocally movaly fitted with a rotary crushing bowl, and a marginal portion of the barrel near to the discharge port being provided with a mounting section of the perforated cover including a plurality of discharge holes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 30, 1985
    Date of Patent: September 22, 1987
    Inventors: Shigeharu Endo, Kazuma Endo
  • Patent number: 4614309
    Abstract: A multiple disk refiner which includes a housing and a rotor hub mounted for rotation within the housing. A plurality of spaced refiner rotor disks are interleaved with spaced refiner stator disks, the pairs of disks being coaxial with the hub. The confronting faces of the stator disks and rotor disks have ribbed surfaces formed thereon for abrading and fibrillating a stock suspension as it passes in the spaces between the rotor and stator disks. The improvements of the present invention largely reside in a specific drive means for interconnecting the rotor and the rotor disks, the drive means including rigid links each of which has one end pivotally secured to the rotor and the other end pivotally secured to one of the rotor disks. A similar arrangement is provided utilizing rigid links for supporting the stator disks in proper position between the rotor disks while still providing some axial movement capability.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 18, 1984
    Date of Patent: September 30, 1986
    Assignee: Beloit Corporation
    Inventor: Philip H. Goldenberg
  • Patent number: 4605175
    Abstract: A coffee grinder grinds a predetermined amount of roasted coffee beans based upon the weight of the beans. The beans fall from a hopper into a grinding head which grinds the beans in a two-stage process. The first stage includes a cracking cutter, consisting of a cone cutter and a reel cutter, which reduces the beans to an initial particle size of approximately 1/16 of an inch in cross-section. The particles are then progressed by the grinding head, for the second stage of fine grinding, to an adjustable micro grinder consisting of two opposing rings having micro teeth on their inwardly facing surfaces. The cutters and grinder rings are mounted on thermally conductive metal hubs and a fan draws air around and behind the cutting teeth to cool them and avoid heating the coffee particles during the grinding process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 10, 1984
    Date of Patent: August 12, 1986
    Assignee: Webston, Inc.
    Inventor: Robert L. Weber
  • Patent number: 4580733
    Abstract: A crushing apparatus for crushing synthetic resin molded products as wastes into the form of pellets. This crushing apparatus comprises a housing formed at top with a hopper into which pieces of molded products are discharged and at bottom with a dropping opening through which finely crushed material drop, and a driving shaft rotatably mounted on the middle of said housing. On the driving shaft are mounted rotating blade for rough crushing for roughly crushing the pieces of molded products and rotating blades for fine crushing for finely crushing the same, said both rotating blades being coaxially mounted. The lower portion of the rotating blades for rough crushing is covered with a cover member so that roughly crushed pieces may be repeatedly crushed without dropping into the dropping opening. If the pieces of molded products charged through the hopper have their size caught by the rotating blades for fine crushing, they are crushed into the form of pellets by the rotating blades for fine crushing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 21, 1983
    Date of Patent: April 8, 1986
    Inventor: Shoji Nakagomi
  • Patent number: 4529137
    Abstract: A refiner comprising a housing having a refining chamber providing a flow path for particulate material to be refined while travelling between an upstream inlet and a downstream outlet. A refining assembly in the chamber has a series of relatively rotatably cooperative axially confronting annular refining surfaces located on partially internested refining disks and defining radially extending refining zones therebetween and with radially opposite ends of the zones closed. Passages defined by and between the internested portions of the disks connect the adjacent refining zones in a manner to cause the particulate material such as paper making stock to pass successively between the radially outer ends of the zones and the radially inner ends of the zones.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 18, 1983
    Date of Patent: July 16, 1985
    Assignee: Beloit Corporation
    Inventors: John B. Matthew, David H. Robinson
  • Patent number: 4453676
    Abstract: A shredding machine comprises two devices placed in series, the first of which is supplied with broad pieces or sheets of synthetic resin material to be partially cleaned, cut up and shredded. The second device, supplied directly by the first, washes thoroughly and partially dries the shredded material in a first part thereof and completes the drying of the material in a second part thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 30, 1981
    Date of Patent: June 12, 1984
    Inventor: Farioli Arnaldo
  • Patent number: 4378092
    Abstract: Method and apparatus for grinding pulp stock in the grinding space of a defibrating apparatus, which space is defined between grinding surfaces carried by a pair of grinding discs, both of which rotate relative to one another within a closed housing, to thereby control the rate of flow of grist through the grinding space. The grinding space includes an inner grinding zone and two outer grinding zones which diverge at an angle to the radial plane of the inner zone. The inner grinding zone is defined between the two facially-opposed rotating discs in a plane substantially perpendicular to the axis of rotation, and the outer grinding zones are defined between portions of the two rotating discs which extend at an angle to the radial plane of the inner zone and correspondingly inclined facing surfaces of a stationary element such as a stator ring encasing the two rotating discs.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 27, 1980
    Date of Patent: March 29, 1983
    Assignee: Cell Develop, Inc.
    Inventor: Rolf B. Reinhall
  • Patent number: 4113189
    Abstract: A pressurized roller-colloid mill in which the conventional rotor and stator of a colloid mill are preceded by one or more adjustable-thrust roller bearing assemblies disposed in a series relationship. A product to be refined in the form of a slurry is pumped into the feeding port of the mill to pass between the rollers and the inner and outer raceways of one or more roller bearing assemblies, then to the gap between conventional rotor and stator elements of a colloid mill. The multiple rollers and their cooperating raceways constitute working surface areas far in excess of conventional colloid mill rotors and stators. Gang mounting of the rotor of the mill and the inner raceways of the roller bearing assemblies upon a common axially movable shaft permits gap adjustment for the enhancement of milling action. A relief valve at the outlet of the mill cooperates with the adjustable gap to provide an output of product of any desired particle size down to the low micron range.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 4, 1977
    Date of Patent: September 12, 1978
    Inventor: Thomas A. Sullivan
  • Patent number: 4074869
    Abstract: A vacuum blower-type mobile unit for shredding leaves and other garden debris. The unit comprises a pair of coaxially disposed rotors operated at respectively different speeds, the blades of the two rotors being separated by a minimum practical axial clearance to provide shredding action. Shredding is further enhanced by stationary radial blades fixed to the casing adjacent the input to the slow speed rotor, and a circular plate formed to include a large number of exit guide vanes including fixed blades disposed adjacent the output from the high speed rotor. The speed differential between the rotors and the shapes of the blades cooperate to create between them a high velocity axial stream of air and debris which moves smoothly through the machine, depositing the product in comminuted form in a bag or other container.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 11, 1977
    Date of Patent: February 21, 1978
    Inventor: Walter G. Johnson
  • Patent number: 3993252
    Abstract: Crude pulp stock is recovered from municipal waste by selectively pulverizing garbage (food waste) in the waste; removing the pulverized garbage; thence, moistening the rest of the waste so as to selectively weaken the materials, such as waste paper, usable as crude pulp stock; and taking out the pulverized crude pulp stock.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 16, 1975
    Date of Patent: November 23, 1976
    Assignee: Ebara Manufacturing Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Kanichi Ito, Yoshio Hirayama
  • Patent number: 3991945
    Abstract: A centrifugal mill for disintegrating fibrous material is provided with a cylindrical grinding track in front of a conical grinding track. The grinding tracks are corrugated and are adapted to cooperate with rotary grinding blades. The corrugation of the cylindrical track is coarse compared to that of the conical grinding track. The charging port of the mill is arranged at the larger cone diameter and the discharging port for the ground stock is arranged at the smaller cone diameter. Means are provided for conducting a controlled air flow from the larger cone diameter to the smaller one through regular spaces between the rotary grinding blades in the peripheral direction thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 18, 1974
    Date of Patent: November 16, 1976
    Assignee: Gebr. Klockner KG
    Inventor: Lothar Kolb
  • Patent number: 3973735
    Abstract: An apparatus and a method for processing municipal waste with increased processing capacity are provided. The apparatus includes at least a cylindrical screen having ridge projections on the inner surface thereof and a group of beaters mounted on a central shaft extending axially through the cylindrical screen. In carrying out the method, the municipal waste charged into the cylinder receives powerful beating and shearing due to the interaction caused by the relative rotation between the tips of the beaters and the ridge projections thereby remarkably increasing the processing capacity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 24, 1975
    Date of Patent: August 10, 1976
    Assignee: Keishin Matsumoto, President of Agency of Industrial Science and Technology
    Inventors: Kanichi Ito, Yoshio Hirayama, Ryoichi Takeuchi, Masao Nomoto
  • Patent number: 3971514
    Abstract: The invention is concerned with an improved grinder useful for grinding meat, which grinder includes a first section for coarsely grinding the meat followed by a second section for more finely grinding the meat, the two sections including screws which are coaxial with each other and driven by a common power source. The improvement comprises a cylindrical section intermediate the coarse grinding section and the fine section, the intermediate section including a shaft coaxial with both of the screws and connecting one screw to the other with a chamber surrounding said shaft. The shaft includes two partial screw threads both of which have pitches greater than the pitches of the threads in the two grinding sections.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 16, 1975
    Date of Patent: July 27, 1976
    Inventors: Luigi E. Martinelli, George S. Cerelli
  • Patent number: 3946953
    Abstract: A shaft is rotatably supported on both the ends of the housing. The housing has an inlet for charging discarded glass articles and an outlet for discharging glass fragments. Crushing bars are mounted on the shaft and arranged from near the inlet toward the neighborhood of outlet of the housing. The glass articles charged through the inlet into the housing are kicked by the crushing bars toward the inner surface of the housing and broken into fragments while being rebounded on the inner surface of the housing. The glass fragments dropped down onto the bottom of the housing are agitated, by poking bars mounted on the shaft in the neighborhood of the outlet, while being subjected to impact forces, to permit them to be reduced to substantially rounded gem-like granules.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 30, 1974
    Date of Patent: March 30, 1976
    Assignee: Nobutoshi Ohuchi
    Inventor: Kuniki Hato